Introduction to Exponential Functions

Today, we will be investigating the similarities and/or differences between three different
types of graphs: y = 2x, y = 2x2, and y = 2x.
Ex.

Graph the following functions using the table of values provided. Also calculate the
first and second differences for each:

i) y = 2x

x
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

y

ii) y = 2x2

1st
2nd
diff. diff.

x
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

y

iii) y = 2x

1st
2nd
diff. diff.

x

y

1st
2nd
diff. diff.

-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3

a) Describe any similarities and/or differences you see for the equations of the functions.

but will never touch it. where _____ is the base. . An exponential function is in the form ____________. _________ always passes through the point ___________. SUMMARY – PROPERTIES OF EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS 1. 2.b) Describe any similarities and/or differences you see for the graphs of the functions. 3. y will _________________. No matter how small you make x. and _______ is the exponent. c) Describe any similarities and/or differences you see for the finite differences of the functions. The graph will get ____________ and ___________ to the _____________.

y = abx.Graphs of Exponential Functions. Constant Ratio X Y iii) y = 7x 1st diff. i) X -2 -1 0 1 2 Graph each of the following exponential functions using the table of values provided on the same grid. Constant Ratio -2 -1 0 1 2 X Y -2 -1 0 1 2 a) How are these graphs similar? b) How are these graphs different? c) What does the constant ratio tell you? d) How does the value of the base affect your graph? e) What is the domain and range for all the graphs? f) What is the x-intercept for each graph? g) All three graphs have one point in common. Constant Ratio . What is it? 1st diff. Calculate the first and the CONSTANT RATIO for each (the constant ratio is when you divide consecutive first differences): y = 2x Y ii) y = 4x 1st diff. a=1 Ex.

-2 -1 0 1 2 Constant Ratio X Y x iii) y =  1st diff. but never crosses or touches it on some portion of its domain. i) X Graph each of the following exponential functions using the table of values provided on the same grid. Constant Ratio -2 -1 0 1 2 a) How are these graphs similar? b) How are these graphs different? c) What does the constant ratio tell you? d) How does the value of the base affect your graph? e) What is the domain and range for all the graphs? f) What is the x-intercept for each graph? g) All three graphs have one point in common. Calculate the first and the constant ratio for each:  1   2 x  1   3 y=  Y x  1   4 ii) y =  1st diff. Constant Ratio -2 -1 0 1 2 X Y 1st diff. What is it? DEFINTION: An is a line that a curve approaches more and more closely.Ex. .

a=1 A function in the form y=bx: a) if b>1 b) if 0<b<1 c) has a y-intercept of d) has an e) has a domain of f) has a range of on the x-axis .SUMMARY – PROPERTIES OF y=abx.