Save the Tigers

The country level tiger population, estimated once in every four years using the refined
methodology, has shown an increasing trend with a population estimate of 1706, lower and upper
limits being 1520 and 1909 respectively in the recent all India estimation (2010), as compared to
the last country level estimation of 2006, with an estimate of 1411, lower and upper limits being
1165 and 1657 respectively.
SC on tiger tourism
Tourism Ban in “core areas”
Stepping in to conserve the big cat, the Supreme Court on July 24, 2012 directed that there shall
be no tourism in any of the core zones of tiger reserves across the country.
A bench of Justices Mr Swatanter Kumar and Mr Ibrahim Kalifulla also warned of contempt
proceedings and imposition of exemplary costs on States which failed to notify the buffer zones
in their tiger reserves.
“We make it clear that till final directions are issued by this court, the core zones or core areas in
the tiger reserves will not be used for tourism,” the bench said in its order.
The apex court was also furious that several States despite its earlier directions of April 4 and
July 10 had failed to notify the buffer zones in their reserves and warned that if they failed to
comply within three weeks the defaulting States shall be saddled with a cost of Rs 50,000 each,
recoverable from the Principal Secretary, Forest, of the State concerned.
The apex court also imposed a cost of Rs 10,000 each on Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,
Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Maharashtra and Jharkhand for not complying with its directions.
However, the counsels for Arunachal Pradesh and Jharkhand stated that they were ready with the
notification and would file affidavits during the course of the day.
The court was hearing a PIL filed by conservationist Mr Ajay Dubey demanding removal of
commercial tourism activities from core or critical tiger habitats in the tiger reserves.
Ban stayed
Following resistance to the ban on tourism in core areas of tiger reserves by several States,
NGOs and interested parties, the Supreme Court on August 29, 2012 permitted the Centre to
review existing norms and come up with comprehensive guidelines on ‘Tiger Project’ and
‘sustainable tourism.’

Also identify which activities shall be allowed and not allowed inside core areas. Justice Swatanter Kumar told the Attorney General: “There seems to be some kind of clash. appearing for petitioner Ajay Dubey. Mr.A Bench of Justices A.” he said. and State governments — while framing the revised guidelines. on being asked by the Bench if there could be a complete ban on tourism in the core areas of tiger reserves to protect the animals from poachers.” Regulated tourism Justice Kumar wanted the government to regulate tourism in these reserves and said it had been “a free-for-all till now. for further hearing on September 27. one to protect tigers and another to promote tourism. We want to make comprehensive guidelines to promote both. Senior counsel Raj Panjwani. It asked the Centre to consult all stakeholders — hotel associations affected by the ban. at whose instance the court imposed the ban on July 24.” “There is always a watch when tourism is allowed. Please ensure these are resolved. “Give us definite projections on how you are going to take care of the tigers. however. guides and tour operators.E. argued that for 22 years the government had done nothing.K. including the plea for lifting the ban. Initiatives Taken by the Government Legal Steps  Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act.” the Attorney General said. The Bench.” He gave the example of about 100 vehicles entering a reserve a day and asked: “Is it necessary to take 100 vehicles into the core areas?” He also sought to know whether the government had any plan regarding maintenance of tigers in zoos. 1972 for providing enabling provisions towards constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau. some kind of difference of opinion between the Centre and the States. Patnaik and Swatanter Kumar gave this permission after Attorney General G. The Attorney General.  Enhancement of punishment in cases of offence relating to a tiger reserve or its core area. Vahanvati submitted that tourism “makes for anti-poaching. Vahanvati drew the court’s attention to the objections received and the Centre’s intention to revisit the guidelines framed under the Wildlife (Protection) Act. Vahanvati said the Centre wanted to promote responsible tourism in the reserves while ensuring the protection of the big cats.” Justice Kumar urged the Centre to also consult experts before submitting the final guidelines to the Ministry for vetting. said: “There cannot be two sets of guidelines. made it clear that the interim ban order would continue. It agreed to take up all issues. Mr. Administrative Steps . Everybody’s interest will be taken care of.

as amended in 2006. for strengthening tiger conservation by. in addition to strengthening of communication / wireless facilities.09. 1 lakh/family to Rs.46 sq. prey animals and assessment of habitat status) has been evolved and mainstreamed. 10 lakhs/family). laying down annual audit report before Parliament. preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan. (iii) Nagzira-Navegaon (Maharashtra).2006. including special strategy for monsoon patrolling.6. has been notified by 17 Tiger States as core or critical tiger habitat under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act. interalia. constituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Ministers and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation. by providing funding support to Tiger Reserve States. Sunabeda (Orissa) and Mukundara Hills (including Darrah. mainstreaming livelihood and wildlife concerns in forests outside tiger reserves and fostering corridor conservation through restorative strategy to arrest habitat fragmentation. Besides. interalia.  Constitution of a multidisciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau) with effect from 6. 1972. and the sites are:. include funding support to States for enhanced village relocation/rehabilitation package for people living in core or critical tiger habitats (from Rs. ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management. The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of five new tiger reserves. (iv) Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) for declaring as a Tiger Reserve. rehabilitation/resettlement of communities involved in traditional hunting. Strengthening of antipoaching activities. Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh). A scientific methodology for estimating tiger (including co-predators. Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh). for deployment of antipoaching squads involving ex-army personnel/home guards. Jawahar Sagar and Chambal Wildlife Sanctuaries) (Rajasthan) and Satyamangalam (Tamil Nadu).2007 to effectively control illegal trade in wildlife. (ii) Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh). The findings of this estimation/assessment are bench marks for future tiger conservation strategy. apart from workforce comprising of local people.  Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority with effect from 4. as proposed by them. which apart from ongoing activities. An area of 34070. km. the States have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as Tiger Reserves: (i) Bor (Maharashtra). (v) Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa) and (vi) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuaries / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu). Financial Steps . The revised Project Tiger guidelines have been issued to States for strengthening tiger conservation.

for restricting such captive populations to a level supportive only to conserving wild tigers. The resolution was adopted as a decision with minor amendments. 2011 with Bangladesh for conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sunderban. International Cooperation India has a bilateral understanding with Nepal on controlling trans-boundary illegal trade in wildlife and conservation. 2007 at The Hague. Reintroduction of Tigers  As a part of active management to rebuild Sariska and Panna Tiger Reserves where tigers have become locally extinct. Project Tiger and Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats for enhancing the capacity and infrastructure of the States for providing effective protection to wild animals.Financial and technical help is provided to the States under various Centrally Sponsored Schemes. The importance of continuing the ban on trade of body parts of tigers was emphasized.2009 (Progress made on restricting captive breeding operations of tigers etc. apart from a protocol on tiger conservation with China. India made an intervention appealing to China to phase out tiger farming. and eliminate stockpiles of Asian big cats body parts and derivatives.10.  A sub-group on tiger/leopard conservation has been constituted for cooperation with the Russian Federation.  Based on India’s strong intervention during the 58th meeting of the Standing Committee of the CITES at Geneva from 6th to 10th July. 2008. which was held from 3rd to 15th June.65 within 90 days with effect from 20. Based on the one time grant of . Further. reintroduction of tigers / tigresses have been done. viz. contains action points relating to tiger protection.).69 and 14.  A protocol has been signed in September. Creation of Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) The policy initiatives announced by the Finance Minister in the Budget Speech of 29 February.  A Global Tiger Forum of Tiger Range Countries has been created for addressing international issues related to tiger conservation. Nepal and the Russian Federation. 2009. with directions to Parties with operations breeding tigers on a commercial scale.  During the 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to CITES. the CITES Secretariat has issued a notification to Parties to submit reports relating to compliance of Decisions 14. interalia.  Special advisories issued for in-situ build up of prey base and tiger population through active management in tiger reserves having low population status of tiger and its prey. India introduced a resolution along with China.

In collaboration with TRAFFIC-INDIA. with scope for involving local people like the Van Gujjars. Ranthambhore & Dudhwa Tiger Reserve for creation of STPF during 2008-09. arming and deploying the STPF. During the year 2010-11 and 2011-12. besides launching ‘MSTrIPES’ for effective field patrolling and monitoring.  Rapid assessment of tiger reserves done. lower and upper limits being 1165 and 1657 respectively. an online tiger crime data base has been launched. Rs. and Generic Guidelines for preparation of reserve specific Security Plan has been evolved.  Steps taken for modernizing the infrastructure and field protection. apart from providing incentives. linked to fund flows for effective implementation of tiger conservation initiatives.  Initiatives taken for improving the field delivery through capacity building of field officials.00 crore provided to the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) for raising.  Steps taken for involvement of Non-Governmental Experts in the ongoing all India tiger estimation. an amount of Rs. lower and upper limits being 1520 and 1909 respectively. as compared to the last country level estimation of 2006. Recent Initiatives  Implementing a tripartite MOU with tiger States. arming and deploying a Special Tiger Protection Force.  Action initiated for using Information Technology to strengthen surveillance in tiger reserves. Since then.  Chief Ministers of States having tiger reserves affected by left wing extremism and low population status of tiger and its prey addressed for taking special initiatives. The States of Karnataka and Maharashtra have already deployed the STPF. with an estimate of 1411.  The second round of country level tiger status assessment completed in 2010. the proposal for the said force has been approved by the competent authority for 13 tiger reserves. 50. with the findings indicating an increase with a tiger population estimate of 1706. 93 lakhs each has been released to Corbett. . 270 lakhs has been provided to the Similipal Tiger Reserve for raising.  Special crack teams sent to tiger reserves affected by left wing extremism and low population status of tiger and its prey.Rs. the guidelines of the STPF have been revised for deploying forest personnel in place of Police as an option-II.

water. If the tigers go extinct.g. the entire system would collapse.  Regional Offices of the National Tiger Conservation Authority sanctioned at Nagpur.  Increase in the allocation for Project Tiger with additional components. temperature regulation etc. it leaves behind a scar. it’s not just about saving a beautiful animal. the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the well being of the ecosystem. Bengaluru and Guwahati. Dream Dare Win www.  As an outcome of the fourth Trans-border Consultative Group Meeting held in New Delhi. thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. and neither would it exist for long thereafter. one species of Acacia tree stopped regenerating completely. pollination.  Providing special assistance for mitigation of human-tiger conflicts in problematic areas. The tiger is a unique animal which plays a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem. a joint resolution has been signed with Nepal for biodiversity / tiger conservation. Launching of Phase-IV tiger reserve level monitoring.jeywin. The second round of independent assessment of Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves done in 2010-11 for 39 tiger reserves based on globally used framework. It is about making sure that we live a little longer as the forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air. which affects the entire ecosystem. Therefore. Therefore. Another reason why we need to save the tiger is that our forests are water catchment ****** . For e. The extinction of this top predator is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected. when the Dodos went extinct in Mauritius. So when a species goes extinct. It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check. Why to save the tiger? The tiger is not just a charismatic species or just another wild animal living in some far away forest.