FDI in Retail, 2012

The Centre In January 2012 notified 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) in single brand
retail, opening the decks for setting up shop by global retail chains such as Adidas, Louis
Vuitton, Armani and Gucci to have full ownership of their India operations. However, the
notification comes with some riders to protect the interests of domestic small and medium scale
“FDI up to 100 per cent under the government approval route would be permitted in single brand
product retail trading,” according to an official note issued by the Department of Industrial
Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
The notification states that in respect of proposals involving FDI beyond 51 per cent, the
mandatory sourcing of at least 30 per cent would have to be done from the domestic small and
cottage industries, which have a maximum investment in plant and machinery of $1 million
(about Rs.5 crore).
Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma said the Cabinet took a conscious decision on
November 24 to liberalise the policy for FDI in single brand retail. FDI in single brand retail has
led to emergence of some global majors in the Indian market. “We have now allowed FDI up to
100 per cent with the stipulation that in respect of proposals involving FDI beyond 51 per cent
there will be mandatory sourcing of at least 30 per cent of the total value of the products sold
would have to be done from Indian ‘small industries/village and cottage industries, artisans and
craftsmen. This step will provide stimulus to domestic manufacturing value addition and help in
technical upgradation of our local small industry,” Mr. Sharma remarked. At present, for singlebrand retailers, 51 per cent FDI is permitted. The removal of investment cap would help global
fashion brands, especially from Italy, the U.S. and Europe, strengthen their interest in the
growing Indian market. Many big names have already set up their operations in the country by
partnering with Indian partners.
The new policy would allow them to buy out the domestic partners. The government said the
move, which comes into effect immediately, would enhance competitiveness of Indian
enterprises through access to global design, technologies and management practices.
The riders proposed in the notification state that products by the global chains should be of single
brand only and be sold under the same brand internationally. Single brand retailing would cover
products that are branded during manufacturing and the foreign investor should be the owner of
the brand.

He said in the government sector a storage space of 10 lakh tonnes was being created in 2012 and 15 lakh tonnes in 2013.Though 51 per cent FDI in single brand was allowed in February. 500 crore was expected into the infrastructure and storage facility by the private sector.2012 said foreign direct investment (FDI) in the retail sector would help farmers secure a premium price notwithstanding the controversy surrounding the Central policy matter.09. Thereafter.196 crore was received in the sector. He expressed displeasure over the RBI norms for loan schedules in case of natural calamities saying it caused burden to farmers rather than mitigating the pain. FDI Policy 2012 The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has. In the last three and half years. 2012. Storage mismatch He said while the total paddy production in the State was 210 lakh tonnes. The mismatch was causing a choking effect and created conditions for distress sale by farmers. The consolidated circular on FDI policy was introduced for the first time in 2010 summarising all the regulations including those of FEMA and of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for the benefit of foreign investors. FDI in retail to benefit farmers Chief Minister N. Addressing a meeting after inaugurating a godown at the Agriculture Market Yard at Andhra Pradesh. Kiran Kumar Reddy on 5. Mr. As a result. He said the government was giving a subsidy of 50 per cent for farm mechanisation activities. Kiran Kumar Reddy said an investment of Rs. FDI worth only Rs. only 44 lakh metric tonnes of storage facility were available. the AP’s contribution last season was 25 lakh tonnes. a revised version was released every six months. Mr. Reddy launched the revised ‘Raithu Bandhu’ scheme wherein farmers would get credit for the stock at three per cent rate of interest. 2012 come out with new Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy effective from April 10. . all the incentives would apply. not much investment has come in the sector. 150 crore by helping farmers hold stocks till the markets looked up. 2006. the price of rice was looking up in the open market in the State. He called upon market yards and Primary Agriculture Cooperative Societies to emulate the spirit of Mulapanur Cooperative Society in Karimnagar district which clocked a turnover of Rs. If the farmers repaid the loan within 180 days. on April 10. Out of the 40 lakh tonnes rice exported at the national level.

DIPP has introduced the following key changes under the new consolidated FDI Policy: Policy for FDI in Commodity Exchanges Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) can now invest up to 23 percent in commodity exchanges without seeking prior approval of the government. foreign investment. where induction of FDI is permitted. Within this overall limit of 49 per cent. Clarification on investment by FIIs: Currently. Key Changes According to the PIB. FDI will continue to need the approval of the FIPB. Non Banking Finance Companies (NBFC)-clarification on ‘leasing’ It has been clarified that the activity of ‘leasing and finance’. with that of other infrastructure companies in the securities markets. However. At present. under the government approval route is permitted in commodity exchanges. Definition of ‘Joint Venture’ remains unchanged There was a speculation that the government was most likely going to define the term ‘joint venture’ for the purpose of FDI under which it would be mandatory for at least two partners to have minimum 25% stake each in the JV company. However. The definition of ‘joint venture’ was to be incorporated in the consolidated FDI policy.However. investment by registered FIIs is limited to 23 percent and investment under the FDI scheme is limited to 26 percent. within a composite (FDI and FII) cap of 49 percent. covers only ‘financial leases’ and not ‘operating leases’. This change aligns the policy for foreign investment in commodity exchanges. no such change has been introduced in the consolidated FDI policy. insofar as the NBFC sector is concerned. an FII may invest in the capital of an Indian Company under the Portfolio Investment Scheme which limits the individual holding of an FII to 10 percent of the capital of the company and the aggregate limit for FII investment to 24 percent of the capital of the company. contained in FEMA and RBI circulars. This provision intends to clarify the coverage of the term ‘leasing and finance’. The consolidated document is a guide to foreign investors as it contains the entire regulatory framework and includes all FDI policies announced prior to the release of the circular. This . depositories and clearing corporations. the Government has now decided that the consolidated circular on FDI Policy will be issued after one year instead of every six months. such as stock exchanges. as reported by ET. which is one among the eighteen NBFC activities. It also has regulations on FDI.

bonus shares or equity shares. on account of stock split/consolidation or equity shares on account of amalgamation. QFls have also been permitted to acquire equity shares by way of right shares. debt instruments. followed by a special resolution to that effect by its General Body. The next version of the consolidated circular on FDI Policy. equity linked instruments. subject to specified conditions. as per Press Note 1(2012) issued on January 10. Investment by Foreign Venture Capital Investors (FVCIs) FVCIs are allowed to invest in the eligible securities (equity. 2012.jeywin. of the paid up capital of company. Dream Dare Win www. subject to the prescribed investment limits. debentures of an IVCU or VCF. as applicable. The individual and aggregate investment limit for QFIs will be 5 percent and 10 percent. units of schemes / funds set up by a VCF) by way of private arrangement / purchase from a third party also.com . Investment by ‘Qualified Financial Investors (QFIs) Government has permitted QFIs to invest (DPs). respectively. It has been clarified that this would be subject to prior intimation to RBI. debt. 2000. SEBI registered FVCIs have also been permitted to invest in securities on a recognized stock exchange subject to the provisions of the SEBI (FVCI) Regulations. 2013. will be released on March 29. in equity shares of listed Indian companies as well as in equity shares of Indian companies which are offered to the Indian public in terms of the relevant and applicable SEBI guidelines/regulations. Changes in FDI policy in Single Brand retail trading The policy regarding Single Brand retail trading has been liberalized and now FDI up to 100 percent is permitted under the Government route. subject to stipulated terms and conditions. demerger or such corporate actions. by the Indian Company concerned.aggregate limit of 24 percent can be increased to the sectoral cap/statutory ceiling. General permission for transfer of shares and convertible debentures: The liberalised policy on transfer of shares/ convertible debentures of companies engaged in the financial services sector has now been reflected under FDI policy. through a resolution by its Board of Directors.