Integrated Methodology to Optimizes Production and Performance of
Electrosubmersible Pump System in Shushufindi Field
Gustavo Nuñez, Schlumberger; Juan Carlos Rodriguez, and Fabiola Carmona, SPE; Alfonso Esquivel,
Schlumbegrer; Ana Larez, SPE; Jorge Dutan, Petroamazonas

Copyright 2014, Society of Petroleum Engineers
This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE Middle East Artificial Lift Conference and Exhibition held in Manama, Bahrain, 26 –27 November 2014.
This paper was selected for presentation by an SPE program committee following review of information contained in an abstract submitted by the author(s). Contents
of the paper have not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material does not necessarily reflect
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Shushufindi is a mature oil producer field located in Ecuador; it was discovered in December 1968. For
20 years was development by foreign oil industry and then was transferred to national oil company. In
February 2012 a contract was signed between Petroamazonas and Consorcio Shushufindi. Since this date
until now the production has been incremented from 34800 bopd to 75000 bopd.
The main Artificial Lift system applied to the field is electro submersible pump (ESP). High water cut,
scale, low pressure, gas production, corrosion and other are problems that have presented in the wells
affecting the run life of ESP.
A Multidisciplinary team has been created to work on a plan to improve the artificial lift system
performance and increase production through the application of a monitoring and optimization process.
Initially failure frequency was reported due to tubing casing communication, cable failure or motor
failure. Therefore some optimization studies on these wells to use 12 and 18 pulses variable speed drive
(VSD) instead of 6 pulses in order to minimize the harmonic distortion from the input side of the VSD.
Where realize that, it is a common petroleum engineering practice to produce the oil with minimum
operating cost, while maintaining the facilities to serve efficiently for its design life time. In the meantime
the production rates of the well should be convenient to their capabilities. Any fault in the design of the
proper production equipment for each well reduces the equipment life, increase maintenance cost, and
workover need and, therefore, increase the total oil production cost.
Performance indicators were established to evaluate the performance of electrical submersible pumps
from the beginning of the contract. The ESP average run life is 669 days.
On 2013 the percentage of indirect failures was 89.3% and direct failures 10.7%. Tubing Casing
Communication failure is the most important which represents 49.7%.Actually there are 140 producers
wells completed with ESP of which 64% has remote monitoring. Optimization studies on production
parameters and operating conditions of ESP are continuously evaluated to perform increase of frequency,
amperage consumption optimization, recommended operating range for ESP, downhole equipment
replacement, equipment deeping, and others are done in order to increase production and ESP run life.

The artificial lift systems are essentially in all brown field or mature field filed to transports reservoir fluid to the surface. . pump. Additionally this paper will outline the process. hydraulic pumping and sucker rod pumping. Production optimization found to be an essential for the life cycle of each system in order to extended run life. This cost reduction is not feasible for each stage of the total oil production system. including the artificial lift system that expected to increase the oil production and reduce the operating cost. intake or gas separator or advanced gas handler. The failure and problems related to ESP and the success resulted from the applications of the system optimization is encouraged us to be selected to be the subject of this paper. where an electrical connection is made. This cable is then banded or clamped to the tubing all the way to the tubing hanger. A surface cable is than connected from this point to a junction box and finally to the VSD. A flat cable (motor lead extension) connects to the motor at the upper pothead section. The flat cable spliced to a round or flat power cable above the ESP. The dominant artificial lift method is the ESP. Above the motor there is seal section. ESP System overview In general ESP systems (Figure 1) incorporate an electrical motor and centrifugal pump run on a tubing string and connected back to the surface control system and transformer via an electric power cable. and finally the sensor. decrease and increase the cumulative production per well. therefore the optimization of each component in the production system is a must. The obstacles for production optimization will be identified. While many of the components are not new.2 SPE-173699-MS Figure 1—Typical ESP system Introduction With current of oil prices it became necessary to reduce the cost of lifting the crude oil from the wells. gas lift. The results of a well optimization project conducted by CSSFD in a mature field from oriental basin of Ecuador area are summarized. tools and technologies utilized in a typical Production Management/Optimization process and study. The applied artificial lift systems in our mature field case study include electrical submersible Pumps (ESP). the traditional Production Optimization study is evolving into a new process Production Management. which is used in 143 wells and represents the 96% of the fields. Production optimization meant to apply an optimum analysis and comprehensive investigation of well production system.

water. survey. WOR. current producing rate. GOR. 1. the PI calculation yielding capacity in bbl/d/psi drawdown produces a reasonable approximation of capacity. equipment setting depth (measured and vertical). The recom- . scale-forming tendencies. and accurate oil. and frequency. Most oil and many water wells will not exhibit a true straight line PI relationship because of gas interference and turbulence in the wellbore. bottom hole temperature. The data required are an accurate Pws. depth of perforations (measured and vertical).SPE-173699-MS 3 Figure 2—ESP design workflow ESP Design For the previous ESP design is necessary to be guided by the work flow that is detailed next and that it is shown in the Figure 2. Production data: Static fluid level or static bottom hole pressure (Pws). a Pwf. Paraffin. Productivity index determination (PI): Is a major factor in properly selecting the ESP system. type. unusual mechanical conditions. Pumping fluid level or flowing bottom hole pressure (Pwf). Power supply: Surface voltage. ESP design for both new wells and workover job ● ● ● ● ● ● Physical description: Casing size and weight. and thread. and gas production rates. electric line capacity. tubing size. restrictions. Liquid level data can sometimes be used as a substitute for static and producing buttonhole pressures. Over moderate drawdowns. tubing head pressure Well fluid data: API gravity. specific gravity of water. phase. Unusual conditions: Abrasives. Emulsion. Corrosion. 2. The design data are delivered in a normalized format and later discussed and agreed with the reservoir engineers.

especially at very high drawdowns. The motor horsepower. and space available between the tubing collar and the casing. The desired capacity should be within the optimum limits of the pump performance curves and nearest the peak efficiency of the pump selected. the ESP can operate at speeds greater or less than the grid power frequency. Protector seals: There are two styles of protector seals available: bag and labyrinth. and horsepower ratings. Pump performance curves define optimum operating limits for various motor and pump sizes. Cable: ESP power cable in flat and round configurations from 1/0 AWG through 6 AWG. Changing the operating speed of the ESP can optimize the equipment performance and well productivity during the life of the well. 7. The most economical choice is usually the largest series (diameter) that the casing will permit. well conditions. The best cable type is based on the buttomhole temperature and fluids that will be encountered in the wellbore. a transformer will be required. VSDs: Offer greater flexibility than a switchboard to operate ESPs. Voltage loss is proportional to cable length and is a function of cable type and amperage. Is the sum of distance of vertical lift from the surface to the pumping fluid level ⫹ friction loss in the tubing ⫹ tubing discharge pressure at the wellhead. At the end ESP provide complete design in a normalize format and later discussed and agreed with the all SSFD group involved . 13. Motor selection: Motors are available in a broad range of voltage ratings to provide the greatest versatility of switchboard and cable selection options. 14. TDH. The optimum cable size is governed by the amperage. 6. Transformers: Where the voltage of the primary system is not compatible with the required surface voltage. 3. Operating cost. 4. Selection is based on voltage. 12. Step-up transformers are available to increase a 480-V line voltage to voltages of up to 5 kV. refer to the head capacity curve (shown on the pump performance curves) for the selected pump type. Pump size: To determine the number of stages for the desired capacity. Motor voltage selection must take into account voltage loss in the cable.4 SPE-173699-MS mended Vogel technique yields an inflow performance relationship capacity that is corrected for wellbore interference and gives a better indication of producing potential. 5. in addition to future requirements. and casing size limitations. Setting depth is a determining factor in motor voltage selection because of the voltage loss at a particular amperage and cable type. In deeper wells. a higher-voltage motor should be considered because it requires smaller gauge cable than lower-voltage motors. Pump selection: Selection of the pump is based on the estimated pumping rate. and thrust bearing capacity should be taken into consideration when selecting a protector. Capacity and operation of the artificial lift system(s). 11.Capital cost. must be determined for a projected rate. 8. 9. Instead of operating the ESP at a constant speed. amperage. equipment selection calculations are more easily handled by the dedicate software. In these more complex applications. voltage drop. These curves are based on the performance of one stage in fresh water. Motor size: The motor horsepower requirement is calculated by multiplying the horsepower per stage from the pump curve by the number of pump stages and correcting for the specific gravity of the well fluid. ESP systems selection: The selection of an appropriate (optimal) artificial lift system is dependent on: IPR of the well/reservoir. The patented Modular Protector seals combine these seal types in configurations of up to four chambers. downhole temperature. Total dynamic head (TDH): To determine the stages quantities required in the pump. Servicing frequency (maintenance cost). The number of stages required is calculated by dividing the TDH by the head per stage from the head capacity curve for the type of pump selected. 10.

SPE-173699-MS 5 Figure 3—High pump intake pressure over bubble pint Figure 4 —PIP below bubble point ESP Problems Analysis Inadequate pump pressure intake Generally. if the well had per any reason a low PIP the pump selection was oversized and operative problems begin to show such as. All these reflect in the lifting cost. Figure 4. The challenge required workover and down time. And the other hand. if the geometry of the well allows it. Consequently these not optimize the well production as per target due to design limitation. to deepen the pump. The general corrective action taken in such cases is to replace the existing pump with another bigger or smaller size as it is the case. This let to produce the wells with high fluid level above the pump or high pump intake pressure (PIP). Figure 3. due to water irruption effect and lack of well data acquisition some pumps selection was undersize. motor heating for low refrigeration and others. . PIP below the saturation pressure and consequent gas liberation that gas locking the pump. The possibility is also analyzed.

This proposal also required workover. the intake pressure (PIP) increase and the discharge pressure (Pd) diminishes. Traditionally it is preferred to stimulate the sand producer.6 SPE-173699-MS Figure 5—Real time ESP monitoring Reservoir problems For depletion drive reservoirs and or ineffective water support. ESP pumped off stopped as a result as a under load. 3. Sledding sleeve side door bad closed. Y-Tool blanking plug failure. 2. Sand Production In case of well was producing fine sand. is possible to detect in early form this failure type and in that way to take opportune actions to avoid that the tubing is cut by effect of the critic erosion velocity. Of the three mentioned failures. usually well is chocking back and or switch to timer mode. Start and stop ESP usually led to motor and or cable failures. when tubing-casing communication exists. The action plans taken to mitigate the tubing string failures were the following: metallurgy upgrades for pipe endurance and introduction of Premium threads along with the use of automated torque tools in order to improve connection integrity. It is usually changed also sand producer or to analyze the option of enlarging the producer intervals. what generally happens later on to a hydraulics fracture work. downtime and increment the lifting cost. By means of the monitored system in real time that allows analyzing the information registered by the bottom sensors. by means of an acidification or with a hydraulics fracture job. Tubing leaks. Avoiding this. This append frequently. Tubing casing recirculation The Tubing-Casing recirculation is the most common failure that affects the life expectations of the ESP equipment and the main reasons so that it happens are: 1. the main ESP failures are related to indirect failures predominating mechanical problems like tubing leaks. In the Figure 5 are possible to observe like they behave trend how the motor temperature (Tm) increase. This problem occurs after a certain period of operation and the stuck happened during trying to restart the well after any maintenance or power supply . Both corrective actions usually were not of long duration. of ESP subject to partial pump sticking in some wells. More specifically tubing string designs were changed from L-80 EUE to Premium L-80 with a 1 % Cr.

the sand face. especially in those producing from the “T” sand. This latter mechanism offers high recovery factors that oscillate between 25 and 30% and high water cut in most of the wells. reservoir or field. The overall goal is to achieve the optimum profitability from the well. production management is the step by step. or to what extent testing was required. The excessive amount of rain is the direct cause of the premature life cycle of the ESP’s due to field electrical system failure and shutdown’s. submitted a proposal to conduct a production management study to establish a baseline of operating conditions for this group of wells: . and the production history. longitude and storage tanks capacity in the production station. the reservoir. To achieve and maintain this was essential to evaluate and monitor many aspects of the production system: production equipment. To perform production management economically and efficiently is necessary: expertise in all aspects of the production system. Since the ESP was working with a VSD at fixed frequency. When the scales are deposited they make in the first place in the motor walls that makes diminish the transfer heat capacity to the circulating fluid and in consequence the motor is overheating. The preventive actions to avoid the scales formation and to prevent the acid attack consist on injecting chemical products anti scales and anti-corrosive through capillary tubes strategically located in the production string. This well required to design the ESP system to produce almost the same water volume with adequate well head pressure to match the required water and pressure for the selected flow line diameter. When the production water mixes with the CO2 contained in the gas of the well. and the second is associated with an active bottom and lateral aquifer. To rerun the ESP usually the motor rotation is reversed to help the pump to rotate and start the system.SPE-173699-MS 7 failure. the only allowable change in the ESP output (rate and/or pressure) is to chock up or down the well and to work within the pump operating range. For production optimization the production engineering group and reservoir team carry out the following activities: 1. The first mechanism is associated with solution gas drive. 2. Any change in one or more of the injector will reflect a back change in the ESP output. In response to these factors. the wellbore. The average wells running lives was shorter than expected. Baseline data was unavailable to determine which wells required evaluation. In all action taken we found that total system efficiency for the ESP negative effect. the produced fluids. process of maximizing oil production over the long term while minimizing total production costs. Dedicate the time required to extract well file data and relevant technical information. a corrosive environment takes place and the fluid attacks the internal components of the pump and the tubing string. Optimization process overview In the whole oil industry the main objective of production and reservoir team is very clear and simply stated. Water driving The field of our case study is under saturated and is characterized as having two simultaneous driving mechanisms. So forced to perform work over to replace the pump. Scale and corrosion problems The previous flow assurance studies have demonstrated that production fluids (oil and water) of most of the wells they have tendency to scale precipitate and / or corrosive attack. In most cases we faced with a decline in the required water volume by the production station. Both effects diminish the expectations of life of the equipment sensibly ESP. This results in high power consumption. information management systems and electronic data acquisition. surface and downhole. If not succeeded we forced to use bigger generator to start the pump but this might cause motor failure.

Optimization wells candidates portfolio. PVT data fluid. Reduce workover frequency. workover monitoring and surveillance. The monitoring system for the ESP wells (Figure 6) required an interface to the ESP surface controllers and the ability to extract critical motor ESP parameters such as motor frequency. production surveillance. This AIM consists of an integrated solution composed of several interacting components. to name a few. Step 3 Perform technical analysis and evaluation: ● ● ● ● ● ● In-depth Echometer analyses. Step 4 Summarize recommendations: ● ● ● ● ● Identify potential production gains Extend equipment life. motor . Reduce power costs. The workflows are deployed within a collaboration environment and supported by the latest information technology (IT) infrastructure in order to realize their digital potential. Different workflows have been developed for the AIM covering facility monitoring. Assemble all required and related mechanical and production data. workover and production operations. motor current. Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) calculations. the technology helped to identify damaged equipment in a well that was causing decreased production in the monitored well. System review and evaluation. temperature. ESP monitoring and optimization The electrical submersible pump (ESP) systems deployed in our field use a new-generation pump digitally enabled with built-in sensors. drilling monitoring and surveillance. in same case Echometer survey. Well model construction on steady-state. and pump system data over a secure connection. the communications system provides continuous internet access to real-time downhole pressure. Linked to personnel with diagnostic and remediation skills back in the IAM Center. surface power and communications infrastructure and remote surveillance and control equipment. In just the first two months after system installation and workflow deployment. In order to have the most information in a single data base and reduce the time searching. ESP monitoring and optimization and well test validation. Intake pressure and discharge pressure. Step 2 Perform field testing and data acquisition: ● ● ● ● ● Flow rate tests. Pressure test. Meet with field personnel. spanish for Asset Integrated Management (AIM) Center) was create and implemented in order to access in an easy way the technical and operational information for production optimization.8 SPE-173699-MS Step 1 Conduct a comprehensive well-by-well file investigation. it is the functional real-time monitoring system with capabilities for monitoring drilling. plus summarize the completion and workover history. The engineering workflows comprise the design and development of solutions that address business process definition needs and automation of engineering tasks. filtration and validation information A digital oil field locally known as “Centro MIA” (Centro de Manejo Integrado del Activo. Producing pressure calculations. ESP system design and redesign. multiphase flow simulator.

SPE-173699-MS 9 Figure 6 —ESP monitoring and optimization workflow steps voltage. scale problems. Additional benefits reported through the use of this workflow so far have been: – Reduction in production losses though a quicker reaction time from failure to “back in production” shorter cycle. Also a source for pressure transient test analysis and diagnosis of reservoir properties. – Online real-time system for well IPR and productivity determination. etc. and other motor parameters. formation damage. excess backpressure. The system also transmits various downhole measurements such as pump intake and discharge pressure and temperature. This additional information gathered through the pump permanent downhole sensors come at a marginal cost when compared to the required well interventions needed before. . vibration. ESP Diagnosis and Optimization In order to diagnose the problems more common in the field that are presented in the ESP equipment. Wellhead pressure and temperature are also available. the steps should be continued enumerated next and detailed in the work flow that is shown in the table 1 and Figure 7. in real time. The team in the IAM can then diagnose potential problems such as gas block. The ESP surveillance allows well behavior to be identified before unwanted events take place in a proactive manner through operation envelope alarms and multivariable trending monitoring. – Reduction in production losses and costs through preventive problem detection – Online system for well health diagnosis that allows directing the issues to either reservoir or wellbore specialists. or currents. whether a well has been stabilized and working well for swift rig release after a job thus saving rig time. tubing-casing communication (recirculation). Production engineers can very quickly determine.

7. THP. Well fluid data: API gravity of oil. Motor temperature. 6. Operational parameter: well head pressure (WHP). Intake pressure. Refer to the Table 1. 4. artificial lift field engineer presented an operative . 1.5. Vibration. Equipment setting depth (measured and vertical). 1. If the annular pressure overcomes the 200 psi.3. Production rate: Static fluid level or Pws. Wells with potential startup or instability problems. Field Engineer provides updated weeks report. Unusual mechanical conditions. Tubing size. 1. WC: Verify if the well candidate produce with high water cut. Downhole monitoring: In order to ESP system and completion performance monitoring. pumping fluid level or Pwf. bigger than 80%. Corrosion. 8. Specific gravity of water. Oil field manager PASS process: Production Engineers developed a fit for purpose processes to identify wells candidates to optimization. Amperage. In accordance with the troubleshooting results. GOR. Paraffin. Electric line capacity. Reservoir drainage and depletion monitoring. 1. Unusual conditions: Abrasives. Tubing head pressure. annular pressure. Depth of perforations (measured and vertical). Enhanced well-intervention planning and Verify if the Pwf ⬎Bubble point (BP) and if the GOR is high. Identify well with production loss. and frequency. Scale-forming tendencies. Bottom hole temperature. Daily monitoring the production performance of each well. Daily revise and update the OFM database. In this case to proceed to periodic annular degassing. 5. Present producing rate. Reviewing periodic production well test in order to define the next steps. phase. Frequency. GOR: Verify if the well candidate produce with high GOR or Pwf⬍BP. Emulsion. 2. Review weekly artificial lifts report.1. type and thread. Restrictions. Survey.10 SPE-173699-MS Table 1—Cause and effect analysis 1. 1. proceed to periodic annular degassing. Wells with changing productivity and sand face conditions. Troubleshooting: Apply the Artificial Lift Technical Service Manual / Troubleshooting in order to verify the ESP behavior and to apply the correctives actions.2. Intake temperature. WOR. 1. 3.4.6 Physical description: Casing size and weight. Power supply: Surface voltage.

9. Production engineers. By changing the rotational speed of the pump. Reservoir engineers programmed Workover job or rigless operation to water control or any other action plan 13. Artificial lift field engineer and operator modified operatives ESP parameter according with operative programs recommendation 10. The essential principle of varying . ESP Optimization using VSD The VSD is a powerful tool in ESP operation that can change the rotational speed of the motor by changing the frequency of the AC power before sending it downhole to the ESP. the operating range is greatly expanded. 11. Workover engineers and artificial lift field engineer verified if the well has scales precipitation in the tubing string and ESP. Workover engineers programmed a rig less operation for clean-up tubing string or ESP. Artificial lift and operator provide an operative report to Reservoir engineers and Workover engineers in order to analyzed the action plan 12.SPE-173699-MS 11 Figure 7—ESP diagnosis and optimization work flow program with recommendations to modify operative conditions in order to production optimization.

a flow valve and a series of gauges that measure annular and tubing pressure and temperature plus a sensor capable to provide real time valve position. With the conclusive results of the investigation the company provides high value information to the client and to itself in order to have remedial work plans that can avoid similar failures in future. i. Allow simpler and notoriously less expensive future well interventions. This tool is very until and is use under depletion drive reservoir and for the well that produce with high water cut with the aims of: reduction of WO job. Inspection and Failure Analysis After the ESP Failure. the motor current is a function of the average voltage applied. In other word. that consist a in compact system which contains a packer. Protection of the sands by isolating them mechanically while doing well interventions. in that way we found a new technologies to apply named IntelliZone. Remote monitoring capability. Allowed down hole chemical injection at the sand face.12 SPE-173699-MS the motor rotational speed is to improve system performance and ensure that when downhole conditions or pump performance change. In this type of artificial lift system in order to upgrade or downgrade pump size to match will well productivity is a must to replace the pump and this required to workover the to pull the tubing and bottom hole ESP assembly. especially when one of the ESP (Upper or Lower) has problem and failure. Pull operations are performed the ESP equipment is send to the Service Center in order to find the root cause of the incident while a complete process of Dismantle/Inspection and failure analysis is done. the motor will see a sinusoidal current and will rotate smoothly due to the sinusoidal current.e. Since the CSSFD contract is based on incremental production. . beside the cost is high. Production optimization with new technology Most of the wells in SSFD have been completed in both “U” and “T” sands with a selective completion that allows producing one layer at the time. Where is possible at the same time and with a singled ESP produce two sand simultaneously with the following benefits: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Ability to determine the contribution from each sand to satisfy the requirements of Ecuadorian regulatory agencies. Optimization of the production and the management processes of the reservoir. Reduced operational time in approximately 11 days (40%) as a result of the simultaneous operations compared with a Dual Completion Installation. ESP replacement minimizing any inferred well damage. This is not suitable to reach the objective of higher incremental production leaving a negative economic impact to the project. Reduction of the number of well interventions needed for basic flow control. increase ESP run life and maximizing well production. Control of the exploitation / injection at the bottom of the well without physical intervention. In order to optimize current production and accelerate production without lowering the field recovery factor we were looking a new opportunities and technologies to implement and manage separate production between sand according with government regulation that don’t allow to produce two sand in comingled. So the motor current is very sinusoidal in nature. dedicated to combat the premature water and gas irruption. while voltage applied to the motor winding is not sinusoidal. Additionally. The 12 and 18 pulses VSD are installed in the entire well producing in order to avoid harmonic distortion and provide to the motor winding a sinusoidal wave form. it is of imperative to produce reservoirs simultaneously. the system can have the flexibility to allow control well performance. In general is possible to run Dual Completion but the operation is complicate.

Human errors. Surface Setup parameters (overload. gauge data start up quantities. . After the equipment is test and dissemble the analysis of root cause needs to be performed as the main part in the investigation in order to inform the client and avoid similar failures. Erosion. this produce pump stuck. the answers and trends from these tools is what is needed for business and standard customer questions. ● Synergistic combination of internal and external data sources results in an excellent combination of broad standards and detailed information. usually well production. and a formal pull report need to be done and distribute. Deposition. Inspections at the service center with the presence of the client need to be set and all the logistics for the activity. wear in the stages. need to be kept. During the pull evidence as scale. frequency. Root Cause. production data and ESP parameters during the run life of the ESP. etc. Torsional Damage. finding in a short time 99 recommendations in oil well that could increase 10500 BOPD. Downthrust Wear. well geometric. BSW. ESP design comparison between real production. Conclusions ● With this integrated process was possible to study Shushufindi & Aguarico field. Large amounts of data can be quickly processed to form “first pass” conclusions on a macroscopic basis. tubing test. In most cases. input data.SPE-173699-MS 13 Figure 8 —ESP diagnosis and optimization work flow A workflow and process is following during this step after the failure: First the collection of all evidence. solids. if there was a solids problem. Heat. tubing holes. after the evidence you need to determine what cause this problem. ● Point and shoot tools are required to provide answers for users of any level. Figure 8. Some of the Failure mechanisms are corrosion. solids or scale production and treatment. underload alarm. ● Quick and objective conclusions are developed by correlating well interventions with a set of results. etc. Upthrust wear. run reports and records. by increase extraction or change de ESP design. For testing of the equipment prior the inspection is mandatory to have client approval at this point in order to execute the inspection. it is recommended to have an inspection form and take photos of evidence for the execution of a final report. etc).

● Milligan. Tulsa. integrating the groups Production ingenierind and artificial lift from Consorcio Shushufindi. A.. Oil & Gas Journal. ● Ohen. ● Garcia. O.. Smart Fields-Intelligent Energy. I.. for letting us publish this article. G. SPE/DOE Fourteenth Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery. 6. “Integrated Reservoir Study of Shushufindi Field .. Sankaran. Nomenclature AIM: Centro de Manejo Integrado del Activo BOPD: Barrel oil per days BP: Bore hole pressure CSSFD: Consorcio Shushufindi ESP: Electrosumergible pump FDP: Field development plan GOR: Gas Oil Ratio IPR: Inflow performance relationship IT: Information Technology Pd: Discharge Pressure PIP: Intake Pressure PWF: Fluid well pressure SSFD: Shushufindi T: Sand “T” THP: Tubing head pressure U: Sand “U” VSD: Variable speed drive WC: Water Cut . Oklahoma. Valdivieso. USA. 2008. 2008. even in mature producing areas. Erian... R. A. G. C. 17-21 April. ● Experience in the field has demonstrated that very positive results can be obtained... 25-27 February 2008. ● Thomson. ● Steele. 25 February. J. 2008 SPE intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition. Rodriguez. Amsterdam. 2004. Amsterdam. Guerrero. Beside we want to thank Consorcio Shushufindi and Petroamazonas. J.Dynamic Modeling”. Ali. M.D. A.. Acknowledgements This work has been an achievement of a multidisciplinary team work. L. A. 2008 SPE intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition. S. and Buchan. Paper presented at the Intelligent Energy Conference.. Amsterdam. Ochoa. Mijares. The Netherlands. Guzman.: “Deploying Field the Future on Major Projects”. and Saputelli.. 1976) 107–16. 25-27 February. Schlumberger and Petroamazonas. SPE 89465. with a systematic optimization program that examines all aspects of the production scheme. (Dec.. M. H. References ● Brinded.: “Engineering and Economics Used to Optimize Artificial Lift Methods”.14 SPE-173699-MS ● The AIM implemented in the relational database is the most powerful data man- agement solution when the data model is extended. Paper SPE 111990 presented at the Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition.: “Guided Workflow for the Digital Oil Field-A Practical Example”. L. Real Time Operations in Asset Performance Workflows. Deutekom. 25-27 February 2008. D.

SPE-173699-MS WHP: WHT: WO: WOR: 15 Well head pressure Well head temperature Workover Water Oil ratio .