SEBI: The Purpose, Objective and

Functions of SEBI
by Saritha Pujari Education

Read this article to learn about the purpose, objective and
functions of SEBI!
Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was set up in 1988 to
regulate the functions of securities market. SEBI promotes orderly
and healthydevelopment in the stock market but initially SEBI was not
able to exercise complete control over the stock market transactions.

Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia. .org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/SEBI_Bhavan.jpg It was left as a watch dog to observe the activities but was found ineffective in regulating and controlling them. As a result in May 1992.

‘unofficial premium on new issue. Investors: For investors it provides protection and supply of accurate and correct information. Due to these malpractices the customers started losing confidence and faith in the stock exchange. SEBI is a body corporate having a separate legal existence and perpetual succession. lot of malpractices also started in stock markets such as price rigging. To regulate the activities of stock exchange. Objectives of SEBI: The overall objectives of SEBI are to protect the interest of investors and to promote the development of stock exchange and to regulate the activities of stock market. 2. The objectives of SEBI are: 1. and delay in delivery of shares. Purpose and Role of SEBI: SEBI was set up with the main purpose of keeping a check on malpractices and protect the interest of investors. 2. It was set up to meet the needs of three groups. . Reasons for Establishment of SEBI: With the growth in the dealings of stock markets. 3. To protect the rights of investors and ensuring safety to their investment. Intermediaries: For intermediaries it provides a competitive professional market.SEBI was granted legal status. So government of India decided to set up an agency or regulatory body known as Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI). 1. Issuers: For issuers it provides a market place in which they can raise finance fairly and easily. violation of rules and regulations of stock exchange and listing requirements.

Functions of SEBI: The SEBI performs functions to meet its objectives. Regulatory functions. then it is known as insider trading. These are: i. promoters etc. SEBI prohibits such practice because this can defraud and cheat the investors. (ii) It Prohibits Insider trading: Insider is any person connected with the company such as directors.g. SEBI keeps a strict .3. etc. underwriters. These insiders have sensitive information which affects the prices of the securities.. 4. Developmental functions iii. Protective functions ii. To meet three objectives SEBI has three important functions. Protective Functions: These functions are performed by SEBI to protect the interest of investor and provide safety of investment. To prevent fraudulent and malpractices by having balance between self regulation of business and its statutory regulations. This information is not available to people at large but the insiders get this privileged information by working inside the company and if they use this information to make profit. To regulate and develop a code of conduct for intermediaries such as brokers. e. This is known as insider trading. As protective functions SEBI performs following functions: (i) It Checks Price Rigging: Price rigging refers to manipulating the prices of securities with the main objective of inflating or depressing the market price of securities. the directors of a company may know that company will issue Bonus shares to its shareholders at the end of year and they purchase shares from market to make profit with bonus issue. 1.

(iv) SEBI undertakes steps to educate investors so that they are able to evaluate the securities of various companies and select the most profitable securities. .check when insiders are buying securities of the company and takes strict action on insider trading. (c) SEBI has stopped the practice of making preferential allotment of shares unrelated to market prices. (b) SEBI is empowered to investigate cases of insider trading and has provisions for stiff fine and imprisonment. Developmental Functions: These functions are performed by the SEBI to promote and develop activities in stock exchange and increase the business in stock exchange. (v) SEBI promotes fair practices and code of conduct in security market by taking following steps: (a) SEBI has issued guidelines to protect the interest of debentureholders wherein companies cannot change terms in midterm. (b) SEBI has made underwriting optional to reduce the cost of issue. Under developmental categories following functions are performed by SEBI: (i) SEBI promotes training of intermediaries of the securities market. (ii) SEBI tries to promote activities of stock exchange by adopting flexible and adoptable approach in following way: (a) SEBI has permitted internet trading through registered stock brokers. 2. (iii) SEBI prohibits fraudulent and Unfair Trade Practices: SEBI does not allow the companies to make misleading statements which are likely to induce the sale or purchase of securities by any other person.

Chennai and Delhi. (iii) SEBI registers and regulates the working of stock brokers. (iv) SEBI registers and regulates the working of mutual funds etc. 2. etc. (v) SEBI regulates takeover of the companies. Regulatory Functions: These functions are performed by SEBI to regulate the business in stock exchange. merchant bankers and all those who are associated with stock exchange in any manner. . Its activities are divided into five departments. The Organisational Structure of SEBI: 1. (vi) SEBI conducts inquiries and audit of stock exchanges. The head office of SEBI is in Mumbai and it has branch office in Kolkata. (ii) These intermediaries have been brought under the regulatory purview and private placement has been made more restrictive. subbrokers. SEBI has formed two advisory committees to deal with primary and secondary markets. Each department is headed by an executive director. 3. To regulate the activities of stock exchange following functions are performed: (i) SEBI has framed rules and regulations and a code of conduct to regulate the intermediaries such as merchant bankers. SEBI is working as a corporate sector. 4. 3. brokers. trustees. share transfer agents.(c) Even initial public offer of primary market is permitted through stock exchange. underwriters.

To advise on matters related to regulation and development of secondary stock exchange. To advise for changes in legal framework and to make stock exchange more transparent. 2. . The Objective of Making Registration of Mutual Funds with SEBI Compulsory by Smriti Chand Funds The Objective of making Registration of Mutual Funds with SEBI Compulsory! Registration of mutual funds: All mutual funds are required to register with the Securities and Exchange Board of India. 4. investors associations and eminent persons. 5. To advise SEBI on issue of securities in primary market. Objectives of the two Committees are: 1. These committees can only advise SEBI but they cannot force SEBI to take action on their advice. To advise SEBI to regulate intermediaries. Registration is intended to provide adequate and accurate disclosure of material facts concerning the mutual fund. These committees consist of market players. 3.5. To advise SEBI on disclosure requirements of companies.


in case an AMC chooses to do so either during the initial offer period or subsequently in case of open ended it should satisfy SEBI that its present net worth would be adequate to meet any financial obligation which may arise. Any shortfall in the net worth would have to be made up by the sponsor immediately. provided that there is no conflict of interest between its manner of deployment and the interest of the investors in the schemes managed by it. . The initial contribution to the net worth should be in the form of cash and all assets should be held in the name of the AMC. the AMC’s policy in this regard should be clearly disclosed in the prospectus and in the director’s report in the balance sheet of the relevant scheme of the mutual fund. personnel and systems independent of the sponsor.10 crores. Regulation 20(e) states that the AMC shall have a minimum net worth of Rs. for the purpose of grant of a certificate of registration with a view to ensure that players have a sound track record and general reputation of fairness and integrity in all their business transactions. In case the AMC wishes to float assured return schemes or launch no load funds. The AMC is allowed to deploy its net worth profitably as it may deem fit. This is to serve both as an entry barrier as well as to enable the AMC to provide for its own infrastructure such as office space. and if required the net worth should be increased.jpg SEBI regulations have laid down an eligibility criteria u/s 7. and this would be overseen by the Trustees. In case the AMC wants to carry out otherfund management businesses. it should satisfy the capital adequacy requirement for each such business independently. This is necessary to bring about a complete arms-length relationship with the sponsor and its affiliates.Image Courtesy : 3. The AMCs are also allowed to invest in the mutual fund schemes launched by it.blogspot.

appointed all key personnel including fund manager(s) for scheme(s). . laid down norms for empanelment of brokers and marketing agents and appointed auditors. instituted a mechanism for handling investor complaints. compliance and investor grievance redressal.Regulator Ensures That the Basic Infrastructure Is In Place: Mutual funds are allowed to launch schemes only when SEBI is convinced that the AMC has systems in place for its back office. prepared a compliance manual and designed internal control mechanisms including internal audit systems. The bio-data of all the key personnel should be filed with SEBI and an undertaking given by the trustees/board of directors of the AMC that the AMC would file half yearly statements of dealings in securities by the persons identified as key personnel in the AMC or the Trustee Company. appointed registrars and custodian and laid down parameters for their supervision. dealing room. accounting. appointed a compliance officer to take care of regulatory requirement and investor complaints. No person who has at any time been convicted for any offence involving moral turpitude or has been found guilty of any economic offence or of violation of securities laws shall be appointed as key personnel in any AMC or trustee company.