# CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering

EXPERIMENT 9
FALLING HEAD PERMEABILITY TEST

PUAN SITI MARLINNA CHU BINTI MOHD RIZAL CHU

NAME

MATRIX NO.

IDA RAHAYU BINTI AMRAN

14DKA13F2081

MOHD ADHAM BIN MOHD ARIF

14DKA13F2083

NURUL ELYANIE SYAFIKA BINTI
MOHAMED
ZURREEN ATIQA BINTI JAZULI

14DKA13F2084

AYU KARLINA BINTI SHARIPUDIN

14DKA13F2087

14DKA13F2086

Page 1 of 10

To determine the coefficient of permeability of the given soil sample. To calculate seepage through dams. To calculate the uplift pressure and piping.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering OBJECTIVE 1. To estimate ground water flow. 4. To find out the rate of consolidation and settlement of structures. To plan the method of lowering the ground water table. 5. head method. 3. using falling 2. 6. APPARATUS Page 2 of 10 .

CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering FILTER PAPER GRADUATED CYLINDER GUSKET RUBBER Page 3 of 10 .

FUNNEL.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering PERMEAMETER.STANDPIPE WITH SCALE POROUS STONE STOP WATCH Page 4 of 10 .

A material with continuous voids is called a permeable material. The principle behind the test is Darcy’s law for laminar flow.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering THEORY The passage of water through porous material is called seepage. Hence permeability is a property of a porous material which permits passage of fluids through inter connecting conditions. Hence permeability is defined as the rate of flow of water under laminar conditions through a unit cross-sectional area perpendicular to the direction of flow through a porous medium under unit hydraulic gradient and under standard temperature conditions. The rate of discharge is proportional to (i x A) Page 5 of 10 .

Weigh it correct to 1 gm and find ‘a’ from q/h=a. 3. Deaired water is preferred. 2. Inlet nozzle of the mould is connected to the stand pipe. Prepare the soil specimen as specified.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering PROCEDURE 1. Allow some water to flow until steady flow isobtained. Find ‘a’ by collecting ‘q’ for the stand pipe. Page 6 of 10 . 5. 4. Note down the time interval ‘t’ for a fall of head in the stand pipe ‘h’. 6. Sturateit. 7. Repeat step 5 three times to determine ‘t’ for the same head. Assemble the permeameter in the bottom tank and fill the tank with water.

A : 8171 mm2 Mass of mould : 4.V : 10.64x 10 Reading Reference point 1 2 3 4 Height above datum. a : 102mm Sample area. t (min) 5.82 1.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering RESULT Sample diameter.98 10.34cm3 −5 Standpipe area.a : 2.92 5.y (mm) 700 850 800 900 Height above outlet.55 2.185g Mass of sample : 1860g Standpipe diameter : mm Sample length .77 4.00 1.80 Page 7 of 10 .L : 127mm Sample volume.y (mm) 400 550 400 500 Test No 1 2 3 4 Height ratios Time .75 1.

64x 10 (127) / 8171 (5. −5 K = 2. aL At ln (h1/h2) −5 K = 2.64x 10 (127) / 8171 (10.98 x 10 II.82) ln (900/500) −7 =1.92) ln (800/400) −8 =5. −5 K = 2.77) ln (700/400) −8 =3.587 x 10 III.64x 10 (127) / 8171 (4. −5 K = 2.336x 10 IV.64x 10 (127) / 8171 (5.200x 10 Page 8 of 10 .98) ln (850/550) −8 =3.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering CALCULATION K= I.

 Coefficient of permeability is used to assess drainage characteristics of soil. Page 9 of 10 .e. The flow should be laminar and in a steady state condition. soil should be completely saturated. to predict rate ofsettlement founded on soil bed.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering DISCUSSION  During test there should be no volume change in the soil. there should be no compressible airpresent in the voids of soil i.

the calculated permeability values for samples tested using this setup. the calidity of garcyes law for the test evecuted in the laboratory can be evaluated. and this particular project. Permeability can be defined as the ability of a porous medium to allow the flow of a fluid throu it. first. The porous medium is a material. we can able to describe the general accepted practice to determine the coefficient of permeability of silts and clay. it was initially assumed for the tests that garcyes law is valid and that the hydraulic conductivity is essentially unaffected by hydraulic gradient Page 10 of 10 . the medium studied was uperpaedesi asphalt mixtures and the fluid used was distilled water at room temperature.secondly. as well as the permeameter assembly and process itself is easily checked for consistency. containing oid spaces. tranular or fibrous. identify the relationship between permeability and pore size of the fine rained soils and measure the coefficient of permeability of silts and clays. typically empressed as the coefficient of hydraulic conduct percent.This test was initially investigated for two primary reasons.CC303 : Geotechnic Engineering CONCLUSION The result.