TEMA 0

Dew point
To roll out
Trade
Cowboys

Punto del rocío
Implementar
Oficio
Chapuzas

A botched job

Una chapuza

The gist, to get the gist
Newsworthy
Swarthy
To bolster
To fend off
To pass on
To stumble
upon/on/across
To throw up

Idea general
Relevante
Moreno
Reforzar, fortalecer
Ahuyentar a
Contagiar
Come across

Hectic
To ponder
To choke
To lick
To drip
Overdue
To stumble
across/on/upon sth/sb
Booth

The government plans to roll out a series of tax cuts over the next fewyears
He's a carpenter by trade
Those builders are a bunch of cowboys - they made
a terrible job ofour extension.
Our landlord redecorated the bedroom, but it was such a botched jobthat
we decided to redo it.
I think I got (= understood) the gist of what she was saying.
Nothing newsworthy ever happens around here. It's so boring.
a swarthy face/complexion
More money is needed to bolster the industry
She spent the entire evening fending off unwanted admirers.
It's possible to pass on the virus to others through physical contact.
Workmen stumbled upon the mosaic while digging foundations for a new building.

To introduce new
problems or ideas
Frenético, agitado
To take into
consideration
Ahogar, asfixiar
Lamer
Gotear
Retrasado
Discover by chance

The meeting threw up some interesting ideas.

Stall

Puesto, caseta, stand

a hectic schedule
He pondered (on) the suggestion.
The gas choked him
The dog licked her hand.
His hand was dripping blood.
The train is overdue
Workmen stumbled upon the mosaic while digging foundations for a new building

1

UNIT 2
Speaking
Get off the beaten track
Be able to chill out
Possibly have to rough it?
End up spending a fortune
on a shoestring
Enjoy being a culture
vulture?
Get back to nature
Be in lap of luxury

Un lugar donde va poca
gente
Relax
to manage without luxury

The farmhouse we stayed in was completely off the beaten track.

With limited budget
Aficionado

The film was made on a shoestring.
He's a bit of a culture vulture - always out at galleries and theatres.

Collocations with traveller
Frequent traveller
Seasoned traveller (experimentado)
Weary traveller (cansado, agotado)
An armchair traveller
Unwary traveller (incauto, confiado)

Independent traveller
Intrepid traveller
Discerning traveller (perspicaz)
An inveterate traveller (habitual)

To express probability
To be bound to + infinitive
To be certain to+ infinitive

To be certain to + infinitive
To be likely/unlikely to + infinitive

To express near future
To be about to + infinitive
To be on the point of + gerund/noun

To be on the brink of + noun
To be on the verge of + gerund/noun

Prepositional phrases
In the region of
On behalf of
In vain
On the verge of
In conjunction with
On the grounds (of)/(that)
She is suing the company on grounds of unfair dismissal.
2

On the brink of
To some extent
With the exception of

There's far too much food . I forked out ten quid for/on the ticket a hefty bill/fine She let her imagination run wild when she painted the room I’m dead set on going to university and getting my degree The company's results are in line with stock market expectations. Time and again. impredecible Primero y ante todo Always The brothers promised they would stick together through thick and thin. In every friendship there has to be some give and take. When Joe was 18 he left home to find fame and fortune The doctor says that it's touch-and-go whether Mary will be okay. considering they are her own flesh and blood 3 . De sangre. we need to solve the budged problem and then we can move on to other issues. Dar y recibir Sb who is energetic and funny and at the centre of activity during social occasions. importante Openly To be dead set on In line with To like very much The same That sort of attitude really gets my goat. familiares My aunt treats her relatives really badly. A man of cloth A priest Chattering classes Los intelectuales Some 200 people voted last night (alrededor de) Petty theft Robo de poca importancia UNIT 3 Phrase spot Thick and thin Fame and fortune Touch and go First and foremost Time and again Give and take The life and soul of the party Flesh and blood Respaldar Situació inestable.Speaking To get my goat To carry away To annoy very much Become excited and lose control To fork out Hefty Run wild Desembolsar Considerable.I'm afraid I got a bit carried away.

it’s all there in black and white Rather= before negative adjectives to mean moderately Rather= before positive adjectives to mean more than expected Cautious about Annoyed by/about Quite= from moderately to totally Sceptical of Convinced by/about Express extreme emotions Anger Rage. fury Fear Dread.High and dry Black and white Tirado Meridianamente claro Modifiers Fairly= moderately To be dubious of/about Mystified by/about Certain of/about When the company closed down I was left without a job How could you not understand? Look at this letter. terror Happiness Bliss (dicha). astonishment (asombro) boredom Tedium. 4 . to avert a crisis/conflict/strike/famine She gave a hair-raising report of her escape through the desert. dejection (abatimiento) Surprise Incredulity. loathing (odio) To range Pounding Dress sizes range from petite to extra large. apathy Disgust Revulsion (asco). the pounding of his heart To avert Gaze Hair-raising Oscilar A regular sound of something hitting something else or of aloud noise Evitar algo malo Mirada Espeluznante UNIT 4 Reading Nonchalant To bulge Tranquilo Sobresalir a nonchalant manner/shrug Her bags were bulging with shopping. delight Sadness Sorrow.

Is the picture always fuzzy on your TV? She gazed longingly at the cakes in the shop window. 5 . Roman Catholics go to confession to be cleansed of their sins. A silver salver The lamp gave out a dim light. Desaparecer. purificar bandeja tenue. replandecer Cilantro Limpiar. out of the blue. This substance is so radioactive that it glows in the dark. dar información Estar pendiente de un hilo Plateado Chapado en oro By guving out printed sheets of facts and theories. she announced that she was leaving. unstinting support/generosity The morass of rules and regulations is delaying the start of the project All of a sudden.To coil Cane Semolina Crumbs To smudge Unstinting Morass To veer To wobble Fuzzy Mutton Patty Longingly To glow Coriander Cleanse Salver Dim To dim To dye out Small print To be in awe of Out of the blue Combining words Spoon-feed with Knife-edge Silver-plated Gold-plated Enroller Mimbre Sémola Migas Manchar Abundante (figurative) montaña Virar bruscamente Tambalearse Borroso Carne de carnero Medallón de carne Con anhelo Brillar. One day. Dar de comer con cuchara a. I'm in awe of it. débil (luz) She coiled her hair into a neat bun on top of her head. the car veered off the road. sobretodo especies Letra pequeña Dinosaurs died out millions of years ago. She was crying and her mascara had smudged. That bookcase wobbles whenever you put anything on it. the teachers spoon-fed us with what we neede for the exam At the moment the election seems balanced on a knife edge. In fact. fearful and respectful of someone or something Por sorpresa I love my new car.

I'll eat humble pie. I think I'm right. The government has cut income tax to sweeten the pill of a tough budget. Duro . You have to take everything she says with a pinch of salt. You'll be the one who has egg on your face if it goes wrong. So who spilled the beans about her affair with David? The new game is apparently selling like hot cakes. I have bigger fish to fry. but if I'm wrong. posavasos Idiom spot The icing on the cake Have a lot on your plate Pull all your eggs in one basket La guinda del pastel Jugárselo todo a una carta Have a bigger fish to fry To have sht more important to do Sweeten to pill Dorar la píldora Take something with a pinch of salt Tomarlo con pinzas Spill the beans Sell like hot cakes Get egg on your face Irse de la lengua Venderse como rosquillas Quedar en ridículo Eat humble pie Admitir que estabas equivocado Identifying appearance Fleshy carnoso Chewy 6 I'm applying for several jobs because I don't really want to put all my eggs in one basket. she does tend to exaggerate. I won't waste time on your question.Foil-wrapped Sugar-coated Flesh-eating Beer-swilling Blood-sucker Oven-proof Foolproof Tamper-proof Clown-like Doll-like Owl-like Beer-mat Envuelto? Golosina Carnívoro Sanguijuela. parasito refractario infalible Resistent to interference Drug makers are encouraged to use tamper-proof packaging for their products.

m. acuoso Sabroso Puntigudo. Phrase spot The right way round En el sentido correcto To serve someone right To be right under your nose Se lo tiene merecido Delante de tus narices To be within your rights Estar en tus derechos By rights As right as rain Si la situación fuera justa Feel better after an illness Turned it the other way. afilado azucarado amargo pulposo Agrio Dulce She set out with the aim of becoming the youngest ever winner of the championship. you can’t read it if it isn’t the right way round It’ll serve Michelle rights if no one ever speaks to her again The police never found the murder weapon. till I pointed out that Denis is afraid of heights. even though it was right under their nose You’d be well within your rights to take that dress back to the shop. Eventually. He was planning to book a rock-climbing holiday. mullido UNIT 5 Phrasal verbs To set out To take on To look into To check out To stand out To find out To try out To put up with To point out To intend To agree to do To investigate To make inquiries To be highlighted To discover To test To tolerate To mention To back down To concede Watery Luscious Sharp Sugary Bitter Pulpy Sour Sweet Aguado.Sensuous Tender Fibrous Appetising Juicy Exquisite Overripe Soft Sensual Tierno Fibroso Apetitoso Jugoso Exquisito Demasiado maduro Blando. I’ve had a cold but I’ll be as right as rain when I’ve had a holiday 7 . I'll take on that job for you The black lettering really stands out on that orange background. By rights you should go to bed at 9 p. Roberto backed down and apologized.

In the right Right on time The film rights Nouns review A burst of applause A stroke of luck A gust of wind A ray of sunshine An item of clothing. The apostrophe:  Used with people (customer’s rights)  Used with time and distance (day’s pay) b. the back of the room c. travel agency) 8 A window pane Una mota de polvo El ruido de un trueno . Using of  Usually used with objects. Using a noun as an adjective (travel leg. rice A speck of dust A source of amusement A rumble of thunder A state of emergency Showing possession There are three ways of showing possession in English: a. the price of petrol  Used to talk about position. news A puff of smoke To run amok: correr a lo loco Dim: - Tener la razón Justo a tiempo Los derechos del film Un golpe de suerte Una ráfaga de viento La luz del alba Una nube de polvo I refused to apologise because I knew I was in the right Helena turned to the meeting right on time for a change His book has been very successful and it looks like he’s all set to sell the film rights too A pane of glass A grain of sand.

They took a firm stand against drugs in the school. He promised to help us and he stuck to his word She took advantage of the children's absence to tidy their rooms. to continue doing or using something and not want to change it. To take into consideration. to make use of an opportunity to happen unexpectedly so that somebody is slightly shocked. E. dar por hecho Tomar una postura I take great exception to the fact that you told my wife before you told me Take notice of the great architecture The film festival takes place in October How many countries took part in the last Olympic Games? Many managers take a back seat and leave recruitment to specialists. We take having an endless supply of clean water for granted We need to take a firm line on tobacco advertising. Take advantage of something/somebody take somebody by surprise take somebody/something for granted Take a firm line/ (firm) stand (on/against something): to object strongly to something ofenderse por algo observe with special attention To happen to be involved in something to allow somebody else to play a more active and important role in a particular situation than you do believe that Considerar que. His frankness took her by surprise. The government has taken a firm line on illegal immigration. to surprise somebody Subestimar. Her husband was always there and she just took him for granted. to continue doing something despite difficulties. I take the view that education should be available to all You should take account of what he said I must take issue with you on that point. She finds it impossible to stick to a diet.UNIT 6 Take exception to something take notice Take place take part (in something) Take a back seat Take the view that: To take into account take issue with somebody (about/on/over something) (formal) Stick to: 1 Stick to: 2. to start disagreeing or arguing with somebody about something. Ceñirse a to make use of something well. We have to take a stand against racism.g. . 9 .

etc. The property is going for a song because they need to sell it fast. Who would do such a thing?’ ‘Maybe someone with an old score to settle. to have/ not have the same opinions. Any more bids? She bought the painting for a song. The President is out of tune with public opinion.’ It is a bizarre tale and the author hits just the right note of horror and disbelief. The speaker had obviously struck a chord with his audience. The museum contains nothing of great note. These proposals are perfectly in tune with our own thoughts on the subject. Be in/out of tune (with somebody/something): To be/ not be in agreement with somebody/ something. the highest bid for the picture was £200. It is doubtful that he will take early retirement In all likelihood the cause of the fire in the gum was an electrical fault It’s highly that the audience take no notice of any mistakes she makes at the concert a scientist of note. 10 . feelings. Bid (for something) an offer by a person or a company to pay a particular amount of money for something. For a song: (informal) Very cheaply. interests. Strike/touch a chord (with somebody) to say or do something that makes people feel sympathy or enthusiasm To do. say or write something that is suitable/ not suitable for a particular occasion. Have another string/more strings to your bow Settle a score/an account (with somebody) / settle an old score Hit/strike the right/wrong note: To have more than one skill or plan that you can use if you need to. To hurt or punish somebody who has harmed or cheated you in the past. as somebody/ something. The exhibition shows that he has other strings to his artistic bow.Express probability The chances are that Allan accepted to study music at Oxford He’s bound to get the Head’s job if there isn’t a last-minute hitch It’s a foregone conclusion that a gold medal for the taking in the 100 metres this year Idiom spot To be of note Of importance or of great interest. at a low price. At the auction (= a public sale where things are sold to the person who offers the most). The speech seemed to strike the right note with the crowd.

My father and I see eye to eye on/about most things Participles awe-inspiring Indistinct /ɪndɪˈstɪŋkt/ Dazzle Flamboyant: /flæmˈbɔɪənt Flamboyant: /flæmˈbɔɪənt Gratuitous: /ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs/ Inspiring: /ɪnˈspaɪərɪŋ Towering impressive. and I took it down to look at it. towering cliffs . etc Exuberante. a dazzling display of oriental dance. His memory of the incident was somewhat indistinct. Gratuitous violence on television. valuable. Can you look me in the eye and tell me you're not lying? I'll never be able to look her in the face again! Could you just run your eyes over this report He had an eye for the unusual and the exotic which made him a very good shopping companion Management often turn a blind eye to bullying in the workplace Politicians find themselves constantly in the public eye. There is something very awe-inspiring about this image An indistinct figure in the distance.UNIT 7 Idiom spot Catch somebody's eye: Look somebody in the eye(s)/face if something catches your eye. An inspiring teacher.g. He was flamboyant and temperamental on and off the stage Flamboyant clothes/designs. llamativo unnecessary Exciting and encouraging you to do or feel something extremely tall or high and therefore impressive 11 The building was awe-inspiring in size and design. making you feel respect and admiration that cannot be seen. heard or remembered clearly to impress somebody a lot with your beauty. etc One of the books on the top shelf caught my eye. you suddenly notice to look straight at somebody without feeling embarrassed or ashamed Cast/run an eye/your eyes over something Have an eye for something to look at or examine something quickly Turn a blind eye (to something to pretend not to notice something bad that is happening To be well known to many people through newspapers and television to agree about someone or something with someone else Be in the public eye See eye to eye (about/on someone or something) (with someone) to be able to judge if things look attractive. extravagante Vistoso. skill. . He was dazzled by the warmth of her smile Dazzling: (adj) e.

She is a shrewd judge of character. inteligente Cunning. astuto Ser más listo que Stately To commission Majestuoso. His poetry conveys a great sense of religious devotion. astuto. contratat regality: /rɪˈɡalɪti/ To convey the state or condition of being royal Communicate Veracity Veracidad . sotana be on the lookout/ keep a lookout provenance: /ˈprɒvənəns/ stiff to watch carefully for somebody/ something in order to avoid danger. 12 the media were bridging the gap between government and people She succeeded in breaking the mould of political leadership. After reassessing the situation. señorial Encargar. she decided to do nothing. shrewd wily: /ˈwaɪli/ To outwit Listo. All the furniture is of English provenance The speech he made to welcome them was stiff and formal. Cardinals in scarlet robes. . She has been commissioned to write a new national anthem.Grandeur: /ˈɡrændjə(r)/ the quality of being great and impressive in appearance Paintings which inspire bridge the gap/gulf/divide (between A and B) the grandeur and simplicity of Roman architecture break the mould (of something) /məʊld/ reassess to reduce or get rid of the differences that exist between two things or groups of people to change what people expect from a situation Reevaluar. the cunning fox outwits the hunters. etc. predominant. or in order to find something you want Procedencia. The public should be on the lookout for symptoms of the disease. reexaminar prevailing Robe Current. Toga. the prevailing economic conditions Coronation robes. The boss is a wily old fox. In the story. origen Not friendly or relaxed.

promover (often with behind) to move too slowly and become left behin d Abastecer. so I wasn'tsurprised when they got divorced. The college caters for all educational needs. He says he will get a well-paid job.UNIT 8 To contravene To infill To foster To lag To cater Caterer To mismatch pie-in-thesky to do something that is not allowed by a law or rule. I always thought Chris and Monique were mismatched. Compound adjectives and their collocations Quick-thinking politician Long-running tv series Short-sighted policy Well thought-through argument Carefully consider Well thought-out argument Bien pensado Poorly-constructed building Poorly-fitting cupboards Idiom spot To burn a hole in your pocket To burn the midnight oil To get your fingers burned/burned Poorly thought-through plan Poorly thought-out plan Smashed-up car Blown-down trees Blown-out windows Blown-up windows Have money that you want to spend Work late into the night Have something go wrong 13 Damage by violent action . proveer Proveedor No combinar Castillos en el aire. who were lagging behind the rest. She fostered the child’s talents. but it’s just pie in the sky. something good promised for the future but which one is notcertain or likely to get The company was found guilty of contravening safety regulation The mayor included $2 million in his current city budget to buy land forinfill and redevelopment throughout the city. We waited for the smaller children. infringe Cambio de uso (inmuebles) Fomentar.

The railway workers came out in sympathy with the miners. now I’ve found out which resources to 14 . He'll come round to my point of view. My wearing jeans to the interview really raised some eyebrows People who drive like that really get up my nose. there are a lot of exciting events taking place in different parts of the city Traffic restrictions have been in place for several months… The amount of litter on our streets is appalling – there are empty drinks cans and discarded packaging all over the place The city of Derry has been awarded first place and is the UK City of Culture next year I felt really out of place at the party UNIT 9 Vocabulary A dress-down day To be stuck The outlay on my wedding To steer clear of To raise some eyebrows To get up somebody nose To opt for sth To dress casual clothes Atascado (unable to figure out) Gasto. desembolso To avoid To show surprise To annoy somebody Optar por Phrase spot To come over To come up with the goods Change sides To produce what is wanted To come in for To come out in sympathy with To come around To come between To be coming along To receive or blame criticism To stop working in order to show your support for others Change your mind Separar (figurado) Developing or improving The office manager decided that Friday should be dress-down day I'm really stuck .To fiddling while Rome burns To have money to burn To burn your bridges Phrases with take To take place To be in place All over the place First place To feel out of place Focusing on something trivial during a crisis Have a lots of money Take actions which you cannot reverse During the festival.let's see if they come up with the goods. My essay is becoming along quite nicely. Alicia wasn’t sure which pair of jeans to opt for as both fitted well He gave you a present! What's come over him? What they promise sounds impressive enough . Don't let one little quarrel come between you.do you have any ideas how to answer these questions? The outlay on my wedding I want to steer clear of trouble if possible. given a bit of time. The director has come in for a lot of criticism over his handling of theaffair.

in favor Too much of something Under/below More than human Against something Before To do more less Self-contained (independiente) Counter-argument Pro-American Over-hear Sub-tropical Super-concentrated Anti-lock Pre-packed Outlive (live longer than) Underestimate Somebody who is interested in unpleasant subjects. it's strictly first come. It was funny how my look came about They’d soon come apart To do again Conscious of themselves Going against something. first served. I think he's still coming to terms with the death of his wife.First come. first served To come to terms with To come about To come apart Vocabulary (prefixes) To redo Self-conscious Counter-productive Pro-government Overworked Subzero Superhuman Anti-smoking Pre-arranged Outdo Undervalue Types of personality Morbid person Opinionated person Pompous person Vivacious person Acquisitive person Meticulous person Discriminating person Complacent person Unobtrusive person Manipulative person Boastful person The first people to arrive will be able to get the best choice Aceptar. not productive For something. asumir algo difícil To happen or start to happen To be separated from something use You can't reserve a seat at the movie theater. especially death Somebody who has a lot to say on every subject Somebody who is full of their own importance Somebody lively and excitable Somebody who hoards things Somebody who checks everything they do very carefully Somebody who has good taste Somebody who sees no need for change even if needed Somebody who likes to remain in the background Somebody who tries to control people Somebody who is inclined to tell everyone about their possessions and successes 15 .

I was tossing and turning all night. the period from about ten years before to ten years after a new century No inmutarse To toss and turn To move about from side to side or turn a lot in bed. To start to improve the ability to express yourself well Things are taking a turn for the better at my store.UNIT 10 To mourn To strive To stagger To cause a stir Llorar a. emotions "John has had an accident." she said. it caused a stir at the state dinner. He blurted everything out about the baby. lamentar la muerte Esforzarse. 16 . he would go beetroot. Mr Roe has kindled expectations that he must now strive to live up to. especially because you cannot sleep To take it in turns A turn-up for the books Rotar a surprising or unexpected event She has a nice turn of phrase which should serve her well in journalism. The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs He actually offered to help? That's a turn-up for the books! UNIT 11 Phrasal verbs To fend off To blurt out Ahuyentar Decir algo sin pensarlo To bottle up To choke back Reprimirse Contenerse las lágrimas He managed to fend off his attackers with a stick. Sonrojarse Whenever I talked about his past life. he managed to stagger to the phone and callfor help When Bob appeared without jacket and tie. Bottle up a problem. After he was attacked. I was expecting him to be horrified when he heard the cost but he didn't turn a hair. luchar Tambalearse Causar revuelo Phrase spot To take a turn for the better To have a nice turn of phrase To not to know which way to turn To turn/go as read as a beetroot To turn of the century To not turn a hair She was still mourning for her brother. Not to know what to do The uncertainty has left many companies not knowing which way to turn. though we'd agreed to keepit a secret for a while. I may make a profit this year. choking back the tears.

I just think he ought to get a grip on himself he's behaving like a child. depistar Keep up appearances Shoot down an argument They swept his doubts and objections aside.To keep up To shoot down To sweep aside To tease out To tone down Carry on Echar algo abajo to refuse to consider something or to treat it as important: Desenredar. Some of the language in the original play has been toned down for the television version. so roll up your sleeves and get busy. Idiom spot To tie the knot To cast my net To bold from/out the blue To get married To look around for someone else A total surprise To have time on your hands Plenty of free time To call the tune In charge To carry a torch for In love with To roll up someone sleeves Behaved very practically To be at death’s door Very ill To give someone the cold shoulder Ignoring me To get a grip on Take charge. There's a lot of work to do. get in control Gradability Absolutely staggering Doubly disappointing Fairly laid-back Deeply angry Extremely cheerful Fairly happy So when are you two going to tie the knot? The news of his marriage was a bolt from the blue. I was so ill that I was at death's door for three day s I thought she really liked me. Absolutely awful Completely broken-hearted Entirely impossible 17 . It took me a while to tease the truth out of him. He'd let her call the tune . but the next day she gave me the coldshoulder. separar información Bajar el tono To whip up Suscitar. He was trying to whip up some enthusiasm for the project. but she seems not to notice. there was a tremendous relief in giving up the fight Terry has been carrying a torch for Liz for years. so she is taking a college course. Mary has found that she has time on her hands.

then Elsie had been the weak link in her chain. The man is a liar. If business doesn't pick up soon.Remarkably accurate Slightly embarrassed Somewhat envious Utterly miserable Immensely hurt Rather irritable Very upset Suffixes Alternative Cautionary Collapsible Detestable Honorary. honourable Laborious Loathsome Alternate Caution Collapse Detest Honour Labour Loathe Reformulate phrases Absence Deceptively. If Davina had set this up. the company will go down the tubes. Let's call a spade a spade. When he told her how much it cost. usually used of people To lose your temper Unconditional That report drove the final nail in the company's coffin. Most of these so-called special offers come with strings attached. 18 . she blew a gasket. deception Extremist Homogeneity Inflexibility Opposition Rigidity Absent Deceive Extreme Homogeneous Inflexible Oppose Rigid Totally terrible Utterly wonderful Hypocritical Philosophical Repulsive Tenacious Theatrical Virtuous Voluntary Hypocrisy Philosophy Repel Tenacity Theatre Virtue Volunteer Biased Desirability Failings Inclinations Invincibility Radically Suppression Bias Desire Failure Inclined Invincible Radical Suppress UNIT 12 Idiom spot The final nail in the coffin To call a spade a spade To go down the tubes A weak link in the chain To blow a fuse/gasket With (no) strings Something that has finally caused failure To speak directly To fail Unreliable part of something.

he told me he'd seen my old girlfriend with her new man A double-edged sword = having advantages and disadvantages Subject to enough regulations = effectively controlled by law The lay person = non-expert The greater good = the benefit of society at large Phrase spot Set the wheels in motion Not to set the world on fire Set the scene to do something that will cause a series of actions to start to not be very exciting or successful Set your sights on to describe a situation where something is about to happen: to decide to achieve something Set your teeth on edge to annoy you very much Set out your stall to show other people that you are determined to do something Set your heart on to want to get or achieve something very much to write or say something in order to make the true facts known: Set the record straight 19 I thought a phone call to the right person might set the wheels in motion. She's set her heart on having a pony. wet night with a strong wind blowing. She's decided to write her memoirs to set the record straight once and for all. . Just to turn the knife a little.it was a dark. He started off the game well but seemed to have shot his bolt by half-time. let's set the scene . He has a nice enough voice but he's not going to set the world on fire.attached To get your wires crossed To shoot your bolt To get into gear To twist the knife Misunderstand To fail To start to deal with something effectively To deliberately make someone feel worse Expressions In the vanguard = at the cutting edge For its own sake = as an end in itself Somehow we got our wires crossed because I'd got the 23rd written down in my diary and Jen had the 16th. Jenny has set her sights on winning the competition. After a few days out of the office it always takes me a while to get into gear when I come back. First. The kids screaming in the next room really set my teeth on edge We've set out our stall to win the championship a and we'll be disappointed if we don't.

to run agains something To run a ship or an organization in an olderly and disciplined manner Run the risk of Run counter to Run a tight ship or run a taut ship Unit 13 Vocabulary – Environment collocations Fossil fuel Severe famine/shortage Greenhouse gases Population density/change Water shortages/resources Melting ice cap These are just a few ideas . The others had complained that Sarah wasn't pulling her weight. they are very much better. you run the risk of hurting his feelings. The new office manager really runs a tight ship. faster. mountain climbing? Pull the other one – she can’t even climb a ladder without feeling sick! I want to know who's pulling the strings around here.Set a dangerous precedent Not be set/carved in stone Pull and run Pull your weight Pull your socks up Sentar un peligroso precedente to not be fixed and able to be changed to work as hard as other people in a group Pull the other leg/one Pull the other one.nothing is set in stone yet. Our girls' hockey team have run rings round all their opponents this year. It's never worth that much I think he pulled a fast one on you. it’s got bells on it Pull the strings to make an effort to improve your work or behaviour because it is not good enough used when you do not believe what someone has just said to be in control of an organization. often secretly Pull a fast one to successfully deceive someone Run rings around If someone runs rings round you. Captain Jones is known for running a taut ship. His idea runs counter to good sense. or more successful at something than you are: to do something although something bad might happen because of it to be in opposition to something. If you tell him the truth. He's going to have to pull his socks up if he wants to stay in the team Helen. Pristine (inmaculado) environment/ice cap Climate change Rising sea levels 20 Finite resources Solar energy Life expectancy .

Jo was seething when his mobile was stolen 21 .Synonymous People/persons Frequented/went to Fellow/guy Amelioration/improvement Reckon/think Snaps(sacar una foto)/photographs Mad/annoyed Bloke/man Boozing (trago)/drinking Pluses/advantages Stuff/things Mates/friends Lousy(terrible.asqueroso)/terrible Prudent/careful I’m broke/I’m destitute You’ve been sneaking into/entering the room Pablo struck (golpeó) the jammed window You’re slender/skinny The evening will commence/The match will kick off I felt the rain trickling/flooding slowly Adverbs Passionately Tentatively Categorically Resignedly Confidently Reluctantly Environment Noun Predator Predation Prey Demography Xx Conifer Diversity Diversification Evolution Inevitably UNIT 14 Vocabulary Yank Harangue Resolve Swear Seethe To find Disproving To decide To promise To be angry Peevishly (malhumorado) stubbornly Verb Prey Adjective Predatory xx Domesticate Xx Diversity Demographic Domestic Coniferous Diverse Evolve Xx Evolutionary Inevitable The boys found some interesting old photos The team was given the usual half-time harangue by the manager. Laura resolved to give up chocolate at New Year I swear I won’t use your bike again without asking first.

Tom lived on the streets from an early age but lived by his wits To live up to your expectations Disfrutar de la vida To make money in a clever and usually dishonest way To accept a new but unpleasant situation that cannot change. do you think? To experience a difficult situation or event Superar la vergüenza He could never know the pain and fear this child had lived through I wish I'd never opened my mouth in the meeting .Unearth Crave Flout Scrounge To ignore Ansiar Desobedecer intencionadamente Gorrear Phrase spot To live through To live down To live it up To live by your wits Trevor unearth My sister really craved coal when she was pregnant Many motorcyclists flout the law by not wearing helmets. Liz came face to face with Roger at the party His family lived from hand to mouth while he was growing up because his father was unemployed All our pottery is made by hand The MP fought tooth and nail to get the bill through Parliament I’m finding it increasingly difficult to see eye to eye with my boss . Can I scrounge 5 € from you. Does the city and your (new) job live up to your expectations? 22 All the orders were given by word of mouth to avoid leaving written evidence which might be later discovered The child lay face downwards in the sand and screamed Man first set foot on the island in the nineteenth century My mother took me aside and suggested we have a heart to heart about my new boyfriend They walked down the street hand in hand Phil and I strolled arm in arm along the beach Traffic is nose to tail every morning on the road into the city centre.I'm never going to live it down! He's alive and well and living it up in the Bahamas. Estar a la altura de tus expectativas Idioms or expressions By word of mouth By speaking only To lie face downwards To set foot on To have a heart to heart On its stomach Landed A good chat To walk hand in hand To stroll arm in arm To be nose to tail To come face to face with To live from hand to mouth Holding hands With arms linked Bumper to bumper (embotellado) Met unexpectedly someone she didn’t want to meet To be very poor To be made by hand To fight tooth and nail To see eye to eye Not by machine To fight very hard To agree with To learn to live with It's hard not having him around but I’ve learn to leave with it.

the man carried on with his presentation Both parties issued a swift denial. airport check-in Brisk nod A quick move of the head in acknowledgment Swift denial Rapid response A public announcement to say that something isn’t true.UNIT 15 A golden handshake Cut their teeth Progress up the rungs A mixed blessing Dog-eat-dog The slightest whiff of Snapped up A track record Mindset The jury’s still out A quantum leap Quick fixes Keep their heads down Financial reward for long service Get experience Climb the career ladder Good and bad Fiercely competitive A tiny bit of Recruited immediately Evidence of previous success Way of thinking People haven’t decided Huge improvement Apparently simple and instant solutions (which don’t succeed) Avoid trouble by behaving in a quiet way Collocations Quick bite Fast lane Something quick to eat The quickest but most competitive route to success Quick buck Fast track Earn money fast The quickest line in e. generally one to two days maximum After a quick catnap. he has ready to face the press . but most of the tabloids ran the story in any case The team pride themselves on their rapid response. given quickly to prevent media interest Answering/reacting quickly Quick catnap Brief sleep.g. usually during daytime Collocations with slow Slow growth Slower pace 23 Let’s get a quick bite before the play stars Life in the fast lane was proving even more hectic than Henry had imagined Benson had a reputations for trying to make a quick buck Travellers in business or fist class may use our fast track channel With only a brisk nod in our directions.

Slow signs Slow process Slow decline Slow line Idiom spot The jury’s still out A quantum leap The slightest whiff of Quick fixes Track record A mixed blessing Red ink Green shoots Clue chip White goods Golden hello White knight 24 .