Top 1000 Vocabulary Words
By Vocabulary.com

May 19, 2011


The top 1,000 vocabulary words have been carefully chosen to represent difficult but common words that appear
in everyday academic and business writing. These words are also the most likely to appear on the SAT, ACT,
GRE, and ToEFL.
To create this list, we started with the words that give our users the most trouble and then ranked them by how
frequently they appear in our corpus of billions of words from edited sources. If you only have time to study one list
of words, this is the list to work with.
LIST: 1000 total words

1. consider
deem to be

2. minute
a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

3. accord
go together

4. evident
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

5. practice
a customary way of operation or behavior

6. intend
have in mind as a purpose

7. concern
be relevant to

8. commit
perform an act, usually with a negative connotation

9. issue
an important question that is in dispute and must be settled

10. approach
move towards

11. establish
set up or found

12. utter
without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers

13. conduct
manner of acting or controlling yourself

14. engage
carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in

15. obtain
come into possession of

16. scarce
deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand

17. policy
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group

18. straight
successive (without a break)

19. stock
the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an
ownership interest (equity)

20. apparent
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

21. property
something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

22. fancy
not plain; decorative or ornamented

23. concept
an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances

24. court
an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business

25. appoint
create and charge with a task or function

26. passage
the act of passing from one state or place to the next

27. vain
characteristic of false pride; having an exaggerated sense of self-importance

28. instance
an occurrence of something

29. coast
the shore of a sea or ocean

30. project
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted

31. commission
a special group delegated to consider some matter

32. constant
unvarying in nature

33. circumstances
your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)

34. constitute
form or compose

35. level
a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality

36. affect
have an effect upon

37. institute
an association organized to promote art or science or education

38. render
cause to become

39. appeal
take a court case to a higher court for review

40. generate
bring into existence

41. theory
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system
of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set
of phenomena

42. range
an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a
supersonic jet"

43. campaign
a race between candidates for elective office

44. league
an association of sports teams that organizes matches for its members

45. labor
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages

46. confer
have a conference in order to talk something over

47. grant
let have

48. dwell
think moodily or anxiously about something

49. entertain
provide entertainment for

50. contract
a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law

51. earnest
characterized by a firm and humorless belief in the validity of your opinions

52. yield
be the cause or source of

53. wander
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment

54. insist
be emphatic or resolute and refuse to budge

55. knight
originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry; today in Great Britain a
person honored by the sovereign for personal merit

56. convince
make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something

57. inspire
heighten or intensify

58. convention
a large formal assembly

59. skill
an ability that has been acquired by training

60. harry
annoy continually or chronically

61. financial
involving financial matters

62. reflect
manifest or bring back

63. novel
an extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story

64. furnish
give something useful or necessary to

65. compel
force somebody to do something

66. venture
any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome

67. territory
a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

68. temper
a sudden outburst of anger

69. bent
fixed in your purpose

70. intimate
marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity

71. undertake
enter upon an activity or enterprise

72. majority
the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the
main part

73. assert
state categorically

74. crew
the men and women who man a vehicle (ship, aircraft, etc.)

75. chamber
a natural or artificial enclosed space

76. humble
low or inferior in station or quality

77. scheme
an elaborate and systematic plan of action

78. keen
having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

79. liberal
showing or characterized by broad-mindedness

80. despair
a state in which all hope is lost or absent

81. tide
the periodic rise and fall of the sea level under the gravitational pull of the moon

82. attitude
a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in
certain ways

83. justify
show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for

84. flag
emblem usually consisting of a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

85. merit
any admirable quality or attribute

86. manifest
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

disposition. exert put to use 101. weigh have a certain weight 96. persist continue to exist 92. or tendency 99.g. distinction a discrimination between things as different and distinct 98. toil work hard . notion a vague idea in which some confidence is placed 88. inclined (often followed by `to') having a preference. a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed 91. scale an ordered reference standard 89.87. plead appeal or request earnestly 95. resource available source of wealth. stake (law) a right or legal share of something. a financial involvement with something 104. mode how something is done or how it happens 97. tour a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area 94. formal being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e. contend maintain or assert 103. contempt lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike 93. attribute attribute or credit to 100. oppress come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority 102. of formal dress) 90.

lofty of high moral or intellectual value. notwithstanding despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession) 114. modest marked by simplicity. rail a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports 108. give heed to 118. having a humble opinion of yourself 119. bestow present 112. multitude a large indefinite number 116. elevated in nature or style 115. esteem the condition of being honored (esteemed or respected or well regarded) 122. apt (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward 121. disposition your usual mood 107. heed pay close attention to.105. advocate a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea 111. partial being or affecting only a part. cardinal (Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes 109. not total 120. perish pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life 106. allege report or maintain 113. credible capable of being believed . boast show off 110. steep having a sharp inclination 117.

dense permitting little if any light to pass through because of denseness of matter . devise 131. facile arrived at without due care or effort. cite make reference to 137. lacking depth 136. survey. not original 132. or study 126.123. cede give over. contrive make or work out a plan for. perpetual continuing forever or indefinitely 129. and responses) 124. elaborate marked by complexity and richness of detail 133. tread put down or press the foot. warrant a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts 138. frontier a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country 135. rider a traveler who actively rides an animal (as a horse or camel) 140. place the foot 125. decree a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge) 130. experiment. provoke call forth (emotions. surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another 128. sob weep convulsively 139. derived formed or developed from something else. ascertain establish after a calculation. fare an agenda of things to do 127. feelings. investigation. substantial fairly large 134.

disturb. proceeding (law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked 157. vex cause annoyance in. flourish grow vigorously 143. gravity (physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe. sanction formal and explicit approval 156. purse a container used for carrying money and small personal items or accessories (especially by women) 154. afflict cause great unhappiness for. retort answer back 150. pious having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity 145. distress 142. especially by minor irritations 146. plus on the positive side or higher end of a scale 155. siege the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while . suspended (of undissolved particles in a fluid) supported or kept from sinking or falling by buoyancy and without apparent attachment 148. assent agreement with a statement or proposal to do something 153. or honor 158.141. conspicuous obvious to the eye or mind 149. glorify. decree 144. jet an airplane powered by one or more jet engines 151. ordain order by virtue of superior authority. exalt praise. especially the attraction of the earth's mass for bodies near its surface 147. bolt a discharge of lightning accompanied by thunder 152.

wax any of various substances of either mineral origin or plant or animal origin. muse . especially with regard to feelings 161. kindle catch fire 169. sublime inspiring awe 166. assail attack someone physically or emotionally 165. imposed set forth authoritatively as obligatory 171. gale a strong wind moving 45-90 knots. hurt the pride of 172. end 174. state. ensue issue or terminate (in a specified way. etc. guaranteed to women by the 19th amendment 173. malice feeling a need to see others suffer 160. brook a natural stream of water smaller than a river (and often a tributary of a river) 175. extravagant unrestrained. exploit use or manipulate to one's advantage 167. throng a large gathering of people 163. force 7 to 10 on Beaufort scale 176. exertion use of physical or mental energy. consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of 164. suffrage a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US Constitution. hard work 168. humiliate cause to feel shame. they are solid at normal temperatures and insoluble in water 162. endow give qualities or abilities to 170. venerate regard with feelings of respect and reverence.).continuing to attack 159.

cower crouch or curl up 182. undertaking any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted 189. post. predecessor one who precedes you in time (as in holding a position or office) 191. forsake leave someone who needs or counts on you. slay kill intentionally and with premeditation 190. latitude the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself 187. dispatch send away towards a designated goal 181. intrigue cause to be interested or curious 179. canon a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy 185. wont an established custom 183. vacate leave (a job. impel urge or force (a person) to an action. or position) voluntarily 188. philosophical . tract an extended area of land 184.reflect deeply on a subject 177. delicacy the quality of being beautiful and delicate in appearance 192. leave in the lurch 193. satire witty language used to convey insults or scorn 178. constrain or motivate 186. indication something that serves to indicate or suggest 180. beseech ask for or request earnestly 194.

devices an inclination or desire. proceeds the income or profit arising from such transactions as the sale of land or other property 205. consecrate appoint to a clerical posts 204. based on observable phenomena 207. plans. contrived showing effects of planning or manipulation 211. fathom a linear unit of measurement (equal to 6 feet) for water depth 206. sometimes used in combination 208. clad wearing or provided with clothing. venerable impressive by reason of age 212. propriety correct or appropriate behavior 203. illustrious widely known and esteemed 198. faction a clique (often secret) that seeks power usually through intrigue 210. frustrate hinder or prevent (the efforts. impart transmit (knowledge or skills) 202. pomp cheap or pretentious or vain display 200.of or relating to philosophy or philosophers 195. grove a small growth of trees without underbrush 196. objective undistorted by emotion or personal bias. or desires) of 197. partisan a fervent and even militant proponent of something 209. restrained cool and formal in manner . entreat ask for or request earnestly 201. used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices' 199.

or obligation 220. responsibility. stump the base part of a tree that remains standing after the tree has been felled 221. insurgent in opposition to a civil authority or government 217. discreet marked by prudence or modesty and wise self-restraint 222. manifestation a clear appearance 215. comprehensive . subside wear off or die down 228. rebuke censure severely or angrily 216. ratify approve and express assent. principled 219. adverse contrary to your interests or welfare 229. premise a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn 227. ripple a small wave on the surface of a liquid 226. rhetoric using language effectively to please or persuade 218. imposing impressive in appearance 223. muster gather or bring together 231. arising from a sense of right and wrong.213. scrupulous having scruples. wistful showing pensive sadness 224. mortify practice self-denial of one's body and appetites 225. caprice a sudden desire 230. besiege surround so as to force to give up 214.

arbitrary based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice 241. edifice a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place 245.including all or everything 232. tribunal an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business 236. conscientious characterized by extreme care and great effort 240. stratum one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock) 239. repeal cancel officially . accede yield to another's wish or opinion 233. fervent characterized by intense emotion 234. conjure summon into action or bring into existence. elude escape. stick or hold together and resist separation 235. ominous threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments 244. recovering returning to health after illness or debility 238. often as if by magic 243. admonish admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behavior 249. exasperate exasperate or irritate 242. pervade spread or diffuse through 247. foster promote the growth of 248. either physically or mentally 246. austere severely simple 237. cohere come or be in close contact with.

sentinel a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event 256. impertinent characterized by a lightly pert and exuberant quality 266. insinuate introduce or insert (oneself) in a subtle manner . usurp seize and take control without authority and possibly with force. precision the quality of being reproducible in amount or performance 257. change direction abruptly 254. acquiesce to agree or express agreement 253. without subtlety or evasion 264. deference a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard 262. wanton occurring without motivation or provocation 259.250. take as one's right or possession 255. slew turn sharply. candid characterized by directness in manner or speech. depose force to leave (an office) 258. fray wear away by rubbing 263. enduring unceasing 265. bland lacking taste or flavor or tang 267. precept rule of personal conduct 261. incidental (sometimes followed by `to') minor or casual or subordinate in significance or nature or occurring as a chance concomitant or consequence 252. odium state of disgrace resulting from detestable behavior 260. retiring not arrogant or presuming 251.

coax influence or urge by gentle urging. rave participate in an all-night techno dance party 272. ebb a gradual decline (in size or strength or power or number) 284. monetary relating to or involving money 273. gain the good will of 281. gaunt very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold 278. morbid suggesting an unhealthy mental state 279. languid lacking spirit or liveliness 271. nominal relating to or constituting or bearing or giving a name 269. suppliant one praying humbly for something 270. infallible incapable of failure or error 275. pastoral of or relating to a pastor 282. pacify cause to be more favorably inclined. aide an officer who acts as military assistant to a more senior officer 285. or flattering 276. headlong with the head foremost 274.268. ranging wandering freely 280. explicate make plain and comprehensible 277. dogged stubbornly unyielding 283. stipulate . caressing. appease cause to be more favorably inclined. gain the good will of 286.

conceit feelings of excessive pride 292. recourse act of turning to for assistance 288. luxuriant marked by complexity and richness of detail 299. avarice reprehensible acquisitiveness. decorum propriety in manners and conduct 298. enjoin issue an injunction 301. constrained lacking spontaneity. aversion a feeling of intense dislike 291. cant stock phrases that have become nonsense through endless repetition 300. make an express demand or provision in an agreement 287. tarry having the characteristics of pitch or tar 296. perpetrate perform an act. insatiable desire for wealth (personified as one of the deadly sins) 302. edict a formal or authoritative proclamation 303. bate moderate or restrain. lessen the force of 290. not natural 289. rampart an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes 294. disconcert cause to feel embarrassment 304. extort obtain through intimidation 295. usually with a negative connotation 297.specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement. loath unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom 293. symmetry .

grapple come to terms with 316. veritable often used as intensifiers 315. pall a sudden numbing dread 318. exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane 305. foil enhance by contrast 314. append add to the very end 309. horde a vast multitude 311. gentry the most powerful members of a society 317. capitulate surrender under agreed conditions 306. projection a prediction made by extrapolating from past observations 320. chastise censure severely 313. cleave separate or cut with a tool. maxim a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits 319. visage the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is British) 310. arbitrate act between parties with a view to reconciling differences 307. parable a short moral story (often with animal characters) 312. dingy thickly covered with ingrained dirt or soot 322. such as a sharp instrument 308.(mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation. semblance . prowess a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation 321.

rout a disorderly crowd of people 327.an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading 323. betrothed pledged to be married . purport have the often specious appearance of being. suitable for roasting or broiling if young. gird prepare oneself for a military confrontation 340. quail flesh of quail. change direction abruptly 339. intending. outskirts outlying areas (as of a city or town) 337. assiduous marked by care and persistent effort 334. swerve turn sharply. enigma something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained 333. beguile influence by slyness 329. vassal a person holding a fief. a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord 335. deprave corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality 331. staid characterized by dignity and propriety 328. or claiming 330. bulwark an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes 338. otherwise must be braised 336. bequeath leave or give by will after one's death 332. tout advertize in strongly positive terms 324. asunder into parts or pieces 326. fortitude strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity with courage 325.

pallid abnormally deficient in color as suggesting physical or emotional distress 350. repast the food served and eaten at one time 356. chagrin strong feelings of embarrassment 351. assign a meaning to 354. audacious invulnerable to fear or intimidation 353. prospective of or concerned with or related to the future 342. peremptory offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power 344. ford a shallow area in a stream that can be forded 355. construe make sense of. fresco a mural done with watercolors on wet plaster 358. deduce reason by deduction. ignominy a state of dishonor 348. stint subsist on a meager allowance 357. establish by deduction 346. hew . rudiment the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural) 345. obtrude push to thrust outward 352. ideology an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation 349.341. halting disabled in the feet or legs 347. advert a public promotion of some product or service 343. dutiful willingly obedient out of a sense of duty and respect 359.

stupendous so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe 370. chaff material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds 371. parity (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered 361. foreboding a feeling of evil to come 365. ostensible appearing as such but not necessarily so 376. vestige an indication that something has been present . interminable tiresomely long. crevice a long narrow depression in a surface 375. affable diffusing warmth and friendliness 362. reverie absentminded dreaming while awake 373. abjectly fearful 377. livelihood the financial means whereby one lives 367. pillage steal goods. rend tear or be torn violently 366.make or shape as with an axe 360. take as spoils 364. seemingly without end 363. innate not established by conditioning or learning 372. deign do something that one considers to be below one's dignity 368. wrangle an angry dispute 374. capricious changeable 369. craven lacking even the rudiments of courage.

allay lessen the intensity of or calm 387. spat a quarrel about petty points 396. propensity an inclination to do something 381.378. espouse choose and follow. warble . as of theories. intrepid invulnerable to fear or intimidation 385. unaffected undergoing no change when acted upon 390. fitful occurring in spells and often abruptly 388. erode become ground down or deteriorate 389. teem be teeming. policies. estrange remove from customary environment or associations 395. reticent temperamentally disinclined to talk 380. canto the highest part (usually the melody) in a piece of choral music 391. patronize assume sponsorship of 393. be abuzz 394. plumb measure the depth of something 379. chide censure severely or angrily 382. strategies or plans 383. seemly according with custom or propriety 386. raiment especially fine or decorative clothing 384. docile willing to be taught or led or supervised or directed 392. ideas.

sing or play with trills. convalesce get over an illness or shock 408. parry impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball) 402. alternating with the half note above or below 397. scrutinize to look at critically or searchingly. alacrity liveliness and eagerness 411. infest invade in great numbers 405. or in minute detail . waive do without or cease to hold or adhere to 412. mien dignified manner or conduct 398. devolve pass on or delegate to another 410. constituency the body of voters who elect a representative for their area 400. practitioner someone who practices a learned profession 403. ravel disentangle 404. demoralize corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality 409. patrician a person of refined upbringing and manners 401. seethe be noisy with activity 414. surly inclined to anger or bad feelings with overtones of menace 407. actuate put in motion or move to act 406. sate fill to satisfaction 399. unwonted out of the ordinary 413.

implacable incapable of being placated 418. debase corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality 428. expiate make amends for 424. banter light teasing repartee 426. uncouth lacking refinement or cultivation or taste 422. execrate find repugnant 417. fissure . retainer a fee charged in advance to retain the services of someone 429. encumber hold back 421. or honor 431. bluster blow hard. petulant easily irritated or annoyed 423. august of or befitting a lord 433. fraught marked by distress 432. mite a slight but appreciable amount 420. extol praise. cavalier a gallant or courtly gentleman 425. diffident showing modest reserve 416. subjugate put down by force or intimidation 430. pique tightly woven fabric with raised cords 419.415. glorify. be gusty. as of wind 427.

as if in fear 439. exploitation the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful 449. exigency a pressing or urgent situation 443. impetus a force that moves something along 445. dint interchangeable with `means' in the expression `by means of' 451. thrall the state of being under the control of another person 442.a long narrow depression in a surface 434. imposition the act of imposing something (as a tax or an embargo) 446. incapable of being consoled 444. blanch turn pale. bane something causing misery or death 450. callous emotionally hardened 436. disconsolate sad beyond comforting. knoll a small natural hill 435. inscrutable of an obscure nature 440. sonorous full and loud and deep 448. tenacious good at remembering 441. nettle any of numerous plants having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation on contact (especially of the genus Urtica or family Urticaceae) 438. auspices kindly endorsement and guidance 447. ignominious (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame . inculcate teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions 437.

axiom a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits 463. functionary a worker who holds or is invested with an office 466. yeoman officer in the (ceremonial) bodyguard of the British monarch 458.452. sultry characterized by oppressive heat and humidity 461. also metaphorically 467. rapt feeling great rapture or delight 460. diversified having variety of character or form or components. grudging of especially an attitude . voluble marked by a ready flow of speech 457. retinue the group following and attending to some important person 465. pinion a gear with a small number of teeth designed to mesh with a larger wheel or rack 462. imbibe take in. descry catch sight of 464. zenith the point above the observer that is directly opposite the nadir on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected 456. conservatory the faculty and students of a school specializing in one of the fine arts 455. or having increased variety 468. amicable characterized by friendship and good will 453. maraud raid and rove in search of booty 469. onset the beginning or early stages 454. levity feeling an inappropriate lack of seriousness 459.

palatable acceptable to the taste or mind 481. renegade someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw 483. permeate spread or diffuse through 475. upbraid express criticism towards 482. betoken be a signal for or a symptom of 480. partiality a predisposition to like something 471. excise a tax that is measured by the amount of business done (not on property or income from real estate) 479. hoary showing characteristics of age. caucus a closed political meeting 474.470. encroachment any entry into an area not previously occupied . salient having a quality that thrusts itself into attention 477. coy affectedly modest or shy especially in a playful or provocative way 486. especially having grey or white hair 484. philology the humanistic study of language and literature 472. propitiate make peace with 478. propitious presenting favorable circumstances. pedantic marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects 485. wry humorously sarcastic or mocking 473. likely to result in or show signs of success 476. troth a mutual promise to marry 487.

hermitage the abode of a hermit 505. knack a special way of doing something 494. unseemly not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society 495. take as spoils . despoil steal goods. succor assistance in time of difficulty 491. brawn possessing muscular strength 498. imperturbable not easily perturbed or excited or upset. dissemble make believe with the intent to deceive 502. single out as important 496. accentuate to stress. divulge make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret 497. palpitate cause to throb or beat rapidly 500.488. promiscuous not selective of a single class or person 501. belie be in contradiction with 489. burnish polish and make shiny 499. flotilla a United States Navy fleet consisting of two or more squadrons of small warships 503. invective abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will 504. armada a large fleet 490. irresolute uncertain how to act or proceed 493. marked by extreme calm and composure 492.

characteristic of many allergic reactions 512. prattle speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly 510. tenable based on sound reasoning or evidence 514. arising from intense ill will or hatred 508. inimitable defying imitation. subaltern a British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain 511. matchless 515. immutable not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature 518. depredation an act of plundering and pillaging and marauding 516. proxy a person authorized to act for another 519. endue give qualities or abilities to 523. discriminating showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment especially in matters of taste . dote be foolish or senile due to old age 520. irksome so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness 509. rationalism (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience 522. amalgamate to bring or combine together or with something else 517. sully place under suspicion or cast doubt upon 507.506. welt a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip). malevolent wishing or appearing to wish evil to others. reactionary extremely conservative 521. wreak cause to happen or to occur as a consequence 513.

524. aggrieve infringe on the rights of 539. blighted affected by blight. abet assist or encourage. usually in some wrongdoing 530. disembark go ashore 527. vestment gown (especially ceremonial garments) worn by the clergy 540. pert characterized by a lightly pert and exuberant quality 526. nicety conformity with some esthetic standard of correctness or propriety 538. urbane showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience 541. trappings (usually plural) accessory wearing apparel 529. pucker to gather something into small wrinkles or folds 534. rejoinder a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one) 535. brooch a decorative pin worn by women 525. glib marked by lack of intellectual depth 533. spangle adornment consisting of a small piece of shiny material used to decorate clothing 536. anything that mars or prevents growth or prosperity 537. distend become wider 532. aria an elaborate song for solo voice 528. defray bear the expenses of . clandestine conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods 531.

or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance. fad an interest followed with exaggerated zeal 546. hurtle move with or as if with a rushing sound 559. and especially including stated limits 555. inclusive including much or everything. invocation a prayer asking God's help as part of a religious service 553. exorbitant greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation 552. dictum an authoritative declaration 545. interdict an ecclesiastical censure by the Roman Catholic Church withdrawing certain sacraments and Christian burial from a person or all persons in a particular district 556. or flattering 554. gripe complain 550. spectral of or relating to a spectrum 543. adulterate corrupt. often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones 548. caressing. debase. beleaguer annoy persistently 549.542. munificent very generous 544. unanimity everyone being of one mind . cajole influence or urge by gentle urging. obviate do away with 558. scabbard a sheath for a sword or dagger or bayonet 547. hurt the pride of 557. remission an abatement in intensity or degree (as in the manifestations of a disease) 551. abase cause to feel shame.

specious plausible but false 566. obdurate stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing 574. revulsion intense aversion 567. mettle the courage to carry on 561.560. etc. obtuse of an angle. hale exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health 568. dissimulate hide (feelings) from other people 564. palliate lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of 569. imperfectly formed 573. interpolate estimate the value of 562. ascendancy the state that exists when one person or group has power over another . surreptitious marked by quiet and caution and secrecy. grovel show submission or fear 575. incipient only partly in existence. between 90 and 180 degrees 570. taking pains to avoid being observed 563. querulous habitually complaining 571.) 572. dregs sediment that has settled at the bottom of a liquid 577. vagary an unexpected and inexplicable change in something (in a situation or a person's behavior. ruse a deceptive maneuver (especially to avoid capture) 565. refractory not responding to treatment 576.

husbandry the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock . bullion a mass of precious metal 593. or circular course 592. frieze an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice 587. conjugal of or relating to marriage or to the relationship between a wife and husband 585. commiserate to feel or express sympathy or compassion 581. machination a crafty and involved plot to achieve your (usually sinister) ends 590. ornate marked by elaborate rhetoric and elaborated with decorative details 588. diffidence lack of self-confidence 594. supercilious having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy 579. parochial relating to or supported by or located in a parish 584.578. inflammatory characterized or caused by inflammation 589. spiral. mendicant practicing beggary 591. meander to move or cause to move in a sinuous. pundit someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field 580. usually under pressure 586. abjure formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief. assay an appraisal of the state of affairs 583. makeshift done or made using whatever is available 595. alcove a small recess opening off a larger room 582.

polity the form of government of a social organization 612. give security for 614. whet make keen or more acute 600. damage. imposture pretending to be another person 601.596. askance with suspicion or disapproval 607. gainsay take exception to 611. hubbub loud confused noise from many sources 604. podium a platform raised above the surrounding level to give prominence to the person on it 597. dispassionate unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice 605. harrowing extremely painful 606. ingratiate . like a lance 608. dearth an acute insufficiency 598. granary a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed 599. rankle gnaw into. lancet an acutely pointed Gothic arch. ramify have or develop complicating consequences 610. fallow left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season 603. indemnify secure against future loss. diadem an ornamental jeweled headdress signifying sovereignty 602. or liability. make resentful or angry 609. credence the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true 613.

stanch stop the flow of a liquid 629. being unsuitable and inappropriate 630.gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts 615. especially having a treacherous character as attributed to the Carthaginians by the Romans 631. incongruity the quality of disagreeing. repine express discontent 620. passe out of fashion 618. blatant without any attempt at concealment. idiosyncrasy a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual 626. flay strip the skin off 621. importunate expressing earnest entreaty 617. untoward not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society 625. grisly shockingly repellent. threadbare repeated too often. whittle cut small bits or pare shavings from 619. quip a witty saying 627. platitude a trite or obvious remark 632. larder a supply of food especially for a household 622. inspiring horror 624. completely obvious 628. overfamiliar through overuse 623. perfidious tending to betray. revelry unrestrained merrymaking . declivity a downward slope or bend 616.

633. or remove earth 634. vociferous conspicuously and offensively loud. dyspeptic suffering from dyspepsia 649. incorrigible impervious to correction by punishment 642. luminary a celebrity who is an inspiration to others . extenuate lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of 635. prude a person excessively concerned about propriety and decorum 650. gist the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work 644. given to vehement outcry 645. purvey supply with provisions 646. loosen. baleful deadly or sinister 647. virtuoso someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field 638. mundane found in the ordinary course of events 640. postulate maintain or assert 643. delve turn up. gibe an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect 648. fatuous devoid of intelligence 641. polemic a writer who argues in opposition to others (especially in theology) 636. glower look at with a fixed gaze 639. enrapture hold spellbound 637.

dais a platform raised above the surrounding level to give prominence to the person on it 655. homily a sermon on a moral or religious topic 668. willful done by design 653. automate make automatic or control or operate automatically 656.651. amenable disposed or willing to comply 652. gusto vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment 659. caressing. bouillon a clear seasoned broth 660. 662. unfit for human food 663. avocation an auxiliary activity . omniscient infinitely wise 661. apostate a disloyal person who betrays or deserts his cause or religion or political party or friend etc. ungainly lacking grace in movement or posture 665. or flattering 658. wheedle influence or urge by gentle urging. emolument compensation received by virtue of holding an office or having employment (usually in the form of wages or fees) 664. enervate weaken mentally or morally 657. decadence the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities 667. impiety unrighteousness by virtue of lacking respect for a god 666. carrion the dead and rotting body of an animal. overbearing expecting unquestioning obedience 654.

) 673. eschew avoid and stay away from deliberately. savant someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field 675. syllogism deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises 671. expatiate add details. stay clear of 685. clarion a medieval brass instrument with a clear shrill tone 680. cohort a company of companions or supporters 676. turbid (of liquids) clouded as with sediment 681. acrimony a rough and bitter manner 679. haggle wrangle (over a price. usually in writing 686. waylay wait in hiding to attack 674. circumvent surround so as to force to give up 670. collation a light informal meal 672. cupidity extreme greed for material wealth 682. as to an account or idea. etc. adjure ask for or request earnestly 678.669. unction excessive but superficial compliments given with affected charm 677. preternatural surpassing the ordinary or normal 684. clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way. didactic instructive (especially excessively) . terms of an agreement. disaffected discontented as toward authority 683.

resonant characterized by resonance 694. flail an implement consisting of handle with a free swinging stick at the end. sententious abounding in or given to pompous or aphoristic moralizing 704. homespun of textiles. redoubtable inspiring fear 701. pathological of or relating to the practice of pathology 693. upshot a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon 699. aphorism a short pithy instructive saying 700. gratis without payment 698. bandy have legs that curve outward at the knees 697. cabal a clique (often secret) that seeks power usually through intrigue . rancor a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will 689. libretto the words of an opera or musical play 695. condition.687. sinuous curved or curving in and out 688. benighted overtaken by night or darkness 703. having a rough surface 691. embroil force into some kind of situation. used in manual threshing 696. or course of action 692. corpulent excessively fat 702. puissant powerful 690.

maul split (wood) with a maul and wedges 712. usually a man who is morally unrestrained 711. quaff to swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught 709. adulation servile flattery. incisive having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions 721. trite repeated too often. 706. cogent powerfully persuasive 720. paraphernalia equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles needed for a particular operation or sport etc. vitiate corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality 707. adage a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people 713. libertine a dissolute person. tawdry tastelessly showy 715. expostulation the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest 714. errant straying from the right course or from accepted standards 722. unassuming not arrogant or presuming 710. ensconce fix firmly 718. overfamiliar through overuse 716. exaggerated and hypocritical praise 708.705. sedulous marked by care and persistent effort . egregious conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible 719. hireling a person who works only for money 717.

flair a natural talent 734. incandescent emitting light as a result of being heated 724. derelict worn and broken down by hard use 725.723. inimical not friendly 737. cameo . gentility elegance by virtue of fineness of manner and expression 740. vat a large open vessel for holding or storing liquids 731. gruel a thin porridge (usually oatmeal or cornmeal) 739. execrable of very poor quality or condition 727. pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable 741. asperity something hard to endure 733. mote (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything 735. sluice conduit that carries a rapid flow of water controlled by a sluicegate 728. apropos at an opportune time 738. dapper marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners 732. evanescent tending to vanish like vapor 730. circumspect heedful of potential consequences 736. disapprobation an expression of strong disapproval. moot of no legal significance (as having been previously decided) 729. entomology the branch of zoology that studies insects 726.

stricture abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway 749. eugenic pertaining to or causing improvement in the offspring produced 758. congeal become gelatinous 754. augury an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come 751. scintilla a tiny or scarcely detectable amount 746. oratorio a musical composition for voices and orchestra based on a religious text 744. emblazon decorate with colors 750. firebrand a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning . abut lie adjacent to another or share a boundary 752. inclement (of weather or climate) severe 745.engraving or carving in low relief on a stone (as in a brooch or ring) 742. confluence a place where things merge or flow together (especially rivers) 747. squalor sordid dirtiness 748. lineament a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something 759. overfamiliar through overuse 753. gouge an impression in a surface (as made by a blow) 743. pilfer make off with belongings of others 755. sublimate direct energy or urges into useful activities 757. malcontent a person who is discontented or disgusted 756. banal repeated too often.

760. fiasco a sudden and violent collapse 761. cozen be false to. apologist a person who argues to defend or justify some policy or institution 775. abeyance temporary cessation or suspension 776. invidious containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice 767. foolhardy marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences 762. be dishonest with 770. ulterior lying beyond what is openly revealed or avowed (especially being kept in the background or deliberately concealed) 764. dormer a gabled extension built out from a sloping roof to accommodate a vertical window 772. concomitant following or accompanying as a consequence 769. sometimes used as an intensifier 768. use resources carefully 763. retrench tighten one's belt. disport occupy in an agreeable. enclave an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct from the foreign territory that surrounds it 777. phlegmatic showing little emotion 771. equable not varying 765. not providing for the future . improvident not provident. unmitigated not diminished or moderated in intensity or severity. entertaining or pleasant fashion 774. inured made tough by habitual exposure 766. pontifical proceeding from or ordered by or subject to a pope or the papacy regarded as the successor of the Apostles 773.

lout an awkward stupid person 793. crone an ugly evil-looking old woman 791. herculean displaying superhuman strength or power 789. buxom (of a woman's body) having a large bosom and pleasing curves 787. wicked because it is believed to be a sin 795. prognosticate make a prediction about. felicitous exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style 783. natty marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners 785. gain the good will of 781. gusty blowing in puffs or short intermittent blasts 784. burgeon grow and flourish 790. disturb. tell in advance 792. disquisition an elaborate analytical or explanatory essay or discussion 779. especially by minor irritations 796. pacifist someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes 786. iniquitous characterized by iniquity. redolent serving to bring to mind 782. simper smile affectedly or derisively 794. sentient . heyday the period of greatest prosperity or productivity 788. placate cause to be more favorably inclined.778. rile cause annoyance in. categorical relating to or included in a category or categories 780.

or intellect 809. bilious relating to or containing bile 802.endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness 797. emboss raise in a relief 810. trenchant having keenness and forcefulness and penetration in thought. mincing affectedly dainty or refined 808. refectory a communal dining-hall (usually in a monastery) 806. sycophant a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage 814. aquiline curved down like an eagle's beak 801. vilify spread negative information about 803. debacle a sudden and violent collapse 813. proletarian belonging to or characteristic of the proletariat 811. expression. readjustment the act of adjusting again (to changed circumstances) 799. look stupidly 805. erstwhile belonging to some prior time 800. nuance a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude 804. garish tastelessly showy 798. crabbed annoyed and irritable . palatial relating to or being a palace 807. gawk look with amazement. careen walk as if unable to control one's movements 812.

filch make off with belongings of others 831.815. checkered patterned with alternating squares of color 827. factious dissenting (especially dissenting with the majority opinion) 829. comport behave well or properly 826. wraith a mental representation of some haunting experience 832. penchant a strong liking 818. discretionary having or using the ability to act or decide according to your own discretion or judgment 824. bauble a mock scepter carried by a court jester 819. apotheosis model of excellence or perfection of a kind. pithy concise and full of meaning 825. one having no equal 823. pertinacious . demonstrable necessarily or demonstrably true 833. mountebank a flamboyant deceiver. archetype something that serves as a model or a basis for making copies 816. fawning attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery 821. ambrosia a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae 828. disgorge cause or allow (a solid substance) to flow or run out or over 830. hummock a small natural hill 822. one who attracts customers with tricks or jokes 820. cryptic of an obscure nature 817.

firmly fixed or held 846. ingrained (used especially of ideas or principles) deeply rooted. waffle pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness 837.stubbornly unyielding 834. dilettante an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge 844. quagmire a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot 847. proclivity a natural inclination 851. emend make improvements or corrections to 835. the state of being condemned to eternal misery in Hell 848. squeamish excessively fastidious and easily disgusted 850. laggard someone who takes more time than necessary. contemptibly fearful 845. reprobation rejection by God. someone who lags behind 836. effulgence the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light 841. venial warranting only temporal punishment 839. fanfare a gaudy outward display 843. peon a laborer who is obliged to do menial work 840. lode a deposit of valuable ore occurring within definite boundaries separating it from surrounding rocks 842. loquacious full of trivial conversation 838. pusillanimous lacking in courage and manly strength and resolution. miserly . mannered having unnatural mannerisms 849.

mordant harshly ironic or sinister 869. the highest stage of development 861. genesis a coming into being 868. pedagogue someone who educates young people 860. nonplus be a mystery or bewildering to 856. vapid lacking taste or flavor or tang 853. mercurial liable to sudden unpredictable change 854. indite produce a literary work 864. masticate grind and knead 862. enamor attract. smattering a small number or amount . unimpeachable beyond doubt or reproach 867. acme the highest level or degree attainable. spate (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent 859. emetic a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting 865. temporize draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time 866. cause to be enamored 857. overfamiliar through overuse 858. perspicuous (of language) transparently clear.(used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity 852. sinecure a benefice to which no spiritual or pastoral duties are attached 863. easily understandable 855. hackneyed repeated too often.

once sought by the alchemists 875. fractious stubbornly resistant to authority or control 883. suavity the quality of being bland and gracious or ingratiating in manner 871. usually with the fist 884. appurtenance equipment consisting of miscellaneous articles needed for a particular operation or sport etc. pummel strike. immure lock up or confine. elysian relating to the Elysian Fields 881. in or as in a jail 876. unfaltering marked by firm determination or resolution. testator a person who makes a will 880.870. stentorian used of the voice 872. 874. tutelage teaching pupils individually (usually by a tutor hired privately) 879. manumit free from slavery or servitude 885. fulminate criticize severely 882. astringent sour or bitter in taste 877. jibe . junket dessert made of sweetened milk coagulated with rennet 873. triumvirate a group of three men responsible for public administration or civil authority 887. not open to exception or reproach 886. sybarite a person addicted to luxury and pleasures of the senses 888. nostrum hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases. unexceptionable completely acceptable. not shakable 878.

obloquy state of disgrace resulting from public abuse 892. poignancy a state of deeply felt distress or sorrow 903. assert one's right or title to 895. rarefied having low density 896. aspersion a disparaging remark 901. provender food for domestic livestock 906. arrogate demand as being one's due or property. endemic of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to . hoodwink influence by slyness 893. credo any system of principles or beliefs 898.an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect 889. abysmal very great. stilted artificially formal 904. superannuated too old to be useful 899. chary characterized by great caution and wariness 897. limitless 902. roseate of something having a dusty purplish pink color 891. striate marked with stria or striations 894. magisterial of or relating to a magistrate 890. impolitic not politic 900. effete marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay 905.

viscid having the sticky properties of an adhesive 915. jocund full of or showing high-spirited merriment 908. rebus a puzzle where you decode a message consisting of pictures representing syllables and words 920. abstemious sparing in consumption of especially food and drink 914. rakish marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners 910. doggerel a comic verse of irregular measure 916. skittish unpredictably excitable (especially of horses) 911. saturnine .greater or lesser extent in a particular locality 907. rubric an authoritative rule of conduct or procedure 918. wizened lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness 921. fracas noisy quarrel 923. sleight adroitness in using the hands 917. plenitude a full supply 919. procedural of or relating to procedure 909. peroration a flowery and highly rhetorical oration 912. whorl a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals) 922. nonentity the state of not existing 913. iconoclast a destroyer of images used in religious worship 924.

modicum a small or moderate or token amount 930.bitter or scornful 925. zealot a fervent and even militant proponent of something 928. incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge 933. adventitious associated by chance and not an integral part 932. dotage mental infirmity as a consequence of old age. madrigal an unaccompanied partsong for 2 or 3 voices. cognate related in nature 937. countermand cancel officially 935. foist to force onto another 940. zephyr a slight wind (usually refreshing) 934. follows a strict poetic form 926. without force or vitality 929. discursive proceeding to a conclusion by reason or argument rather than intuition 927. choleric easily moved to anger . nexus the means of connection between things linked in series 942. recondite difficult to penetrate. forebear a person from whom you are descended 938. moribund not growing or changing. captious tending to find and call attention to faults 936. cadaverous very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold 939. connotation what you must know in order to determine the reference of an expression 931. sometimes shown by foolish infatuations 941.

garble make false by mutilation or addition. insensate devoid of feeling and consciousness and animation 955. beatific experiencing or bestowing celestial joy 957. usually given ostentatiously 951. bemuse cause to be confused emotionally 958. factitious not produced by natural forces 960. especially with regard to feelings 948. overweening unrestrained. badinage frivolous banter 954. as of a message or story 944. denouement the outcome of a complex sequence of events 946. retentive good at remembering 952. sherbet a frozen dessert made primarily of fruit juice and sugar. gestate have the idea for 961. microcosm a miniature model of something 959.943. unconscionable lacking a conscience 953. animus a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility 947. bucolic (used with regard to idealized country life) idyllically rustic 945. largesse a gift or money given (as for service or out of benevolence). traduce . tyro someone new to a field or activity 949. but also containing milk or eggwhite or gelatin 956. preen clean with one's bill 950.

sextant a unit of angular distance equal to 60 degrees 963. apocryphal being of questionable authenticity . able to be seen through with clarity 978. codicil a supplement to a will. ellipsis omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences 969. a testamentary instrument intended to alter an already executed will 971. malleable easily influenced 965. grandiloquent lofty in style 973. accolade a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction 970. pellucid transmitting light. fructify become productive or fruitful 967. stultify prove to be of unsound mind or demonstrate someone's incompetence 976. nihilist someone who rejects all theories of morality or religious belief 968. effervescence the process of bubbling as gas escapes 975. tureen large deep serving dish with a cover. rococo having excessive asymmetrical ornamentation 966. roil be agitated 972. coiffure the arrangement of the hair (especially a woman's hair) 964. for serving soups and stews 977.speak unfavorably about 962. euphony any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds 979. inconsequential lacking worth or importance 974.

polemical of or involving dispute or controversy 993. reprise . apposite being of striking appropriateness and pertinence 985. dulcet extremely pleasant in a gentle way 998. effluvium a foul-smelling outflow or vapor (especially a gaseous waste) 984. atavism a reappearance of an earlier characteristic 995. viscous having a relatively high resistance to flow 986. contusion an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration 996. malaise physical discomfort (as mild sickness or depression) 992. suggesting happy tranquillity 989. turgid ostentatiously lofty in style 991.980. halcyon idyllically calm and peaceful. vintner someone who sells wine 988. parsimonious excessively unwilling to spend 997. pendulous having branches or flower heads that bend downward 982. gadfly a persistently annoying person 994. misanthrope someone who dislikes people in general 987. exegesis an explanation or critical interpretation (especially of the Bible) 983. veracious habitually speaking the truth 981. anthropomorphic suggesting human characteristics for animals or inanimate things 990.

repeat an earlier theme of a composition 999.com All Rights Reserved. . bemused deeply absorbed in thought Copyright © 2011 Vocabulary. anodyne capable of relieving pain 1000.