ICDS12

International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation
LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May - 1 June 2012

12

DURABLE STRUCTURES

DS

LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May - 1June 2012

THE MONASTERY OF “SANTA CLARA-A-VELHA” – THE IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY OF
THE WALL COVERINGS FOR THE INTERPRETATION OF THE MONUMENT

PEDRO PROVIDÊNCIA (Centro de Estudos Sociais/Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra), CRISTINA
BORGES (Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa), ARTUR CÔRTE-REAL (Direcção Regional de Cultura do Centro), Martha
Tavares (Centro de Estudos Sociais/Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade de Coimbra), ROSÁRIO VEIGA
(Departamento de Materiais, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil), A. SANTOS SILVA (Departamento de Edifícios, Laboratório
Nacional de Engenharia Civil).

02

• IC

Agradecemos o apoio da Equipa de Projeto do Mosteiro de Santa a Clara-a-Velha – Direção Regional de Cultura do Centro
Agradecemos, ainda, o apoio da Câmara Municipal de Coimbra, do Instituto da Habitação e Reabilitação Urbana, a Luís Afonso e a Filipe Jorge / José António
Bandeirinha (“Coimbra vista do céu”, 2003) pela disponibilidade de imagens.
Este trabalho tem o apoio da FCT e FEDER através da bolsa SFRH/BD/60389/2009 e dos projectos FCT PTDC/AUR-URB/113635/2009 – FCOMP – 01 0124
– FEDER – 014163 e Limecontech – PTDC/ECM/100234/2008.

DURABLE STRUCTURES

LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May - 1June 2012

LNE
C

The right bank

The left bank

“COIMBRA VISTA DO CÉU”, 2003, FILIPE JORGE / JOSÉ ANTÓNIO BANDEIRINHA

1June 2012 NOVEMBER 1963 / FEBRUARY 2001 NOVEMBER 1965 DECEMBER 1965 SEPTEMBER 1965 THE ENVIRONMENTAL UNIQUENESS (A SINGULARIDADE AMBIENTAL) .1 June 2012 03 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES The right bank The left bank (Margem Esquerda). XVII century 04 (XX century) • IC The left bank DS LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .1June 2012 The right bank (Margem Direita. Hoefnagel.ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May . XVII century DURABLE STRUCTURES LNE C LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . Hoefnagel.

): structural (estrutural). coverings (revestimentos) P LNE C P’ NORD FAÇADE P’ P .U. INTRODUCTION: Coverings and finishing touches are the “skin” of buildings DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . fillings (preenchimento).1June 2012 06 • IC DS 1.1 June 2012 05 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May .1June 2012 Stratigraphic analysis and characterization of its multiple constructions aspects (Stratigraphic Unit: S.

1 June 2012 07 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . XVI century. FLOWER BEDS (FLOREIRAS). 3. 4d. LAVATORY HOUSE (LAVABO). detail of wall and bench coverings. painted in red color. XIV century. 4e. KITCHEN (COZINHA). 4b. 2. 2: 2a) Monastery of “Santa Clara-a-Velha” (left). CHURCHYARD (ADRO/CEMITÉRIO). 4f. CHURCH (IGREJA). and covering with panel of Hispano-Arabic tiles. limewash mortar covering. 4.1June 2012 DS The coverings and finishing touches in red color which are fond in several areas P P 08 • IC Fig. CLOISTER (CLAUSTRO).ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May . CHOIR (CORO). REFECTORY (REFEITÓRIO). (right). DORMITORY (DORMITÓRIO) . CHAPTER ROOM (SALA DO CAPÍTULO). 4c. 4a. DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . COVERINGS AND FINISHING TOUCHES IN THE MONASTERY OF “SANTA CLARA-A-VELHA” Archaeological plan of the church and cloister 4a 4b LNE C 4c 4d 4c 2 1 4e 4 3 4f 1. 2b) Chapter room.1June 2012 2.

1 June 2012 09 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .1 PAVINGS IN FLOOR COVERINGS DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .1June 2012 10 • IC DS 2.1June 2012 LNE C 2.ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May .2 EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WALL COVERINGS .

1June 2012 DS 2.1June 2012 LNE C 2.1 June 2012 11 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .2 EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WALL COVERINGS Cloister Flower bed .2 EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL WALL COVERINGS P1 P1 P2 12 • IC P2 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May .

3 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF TEST RESULTS A B Fig.1June 2012 14 • IC P DS 3. a very thin whitewash covering (A) and discontinuous red pigment (B) are visible.1 June 2012 13 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . 1b) Observation with binocular lens of a mortar fragment where aggregates of different shapes and sizes.2 SAMPLE COLLECTING / 3. . METHODOLOGY / 3.1 EXPERIMENTAL ANALISYS DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . 1: 1a) Sample SC/Igr/P/01.1June 2012 LNE C 3.ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May .

Mica.1June 2012 LNE C 3. Quartz (Quartzo).ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May .3 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF TEST RESULTS: COMPARISON WITH OTHER CASE STUDIES OF COIMBRA Conservatory of music Palace of Sub Ripas • IC Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha (XIV century) 16 (XIX century) (XVI century) DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . .3 SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS OF TEST RESULTS: COMPARISON WITH OTHER CASE STUDIES OF COIMBRA Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha Conservatory of music Palace of Sub Ripas Minerals identified: Calcite. Feldspar (Feldespatos). Chlorite (Clorite).1June 2012 DS 3.1 June 2012 15 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May .

1June 2012 LNE C ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported by FCT and FEDER through the grant SFRH/BD/60389/2009 and the projects FCT PTDC/AUR-URB/113635/2009 – FCOMP – 01 0124 – FEDER 014163 and Limecontech – PTDC/ECM/100234/2008.1 June 2012 17 12 DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . We are very grateful to the Monastery of Santa Clara-a-Velha Project Team for his most valuable help. which proceed from alluviums of the Mondego River. DURABLE STRUCTURES LNEC y Lisbon y 31 May . some of them to be still found around to the Portela area. coming from granitic and schistose rocks.ICDS12 International Conference DURABLE STRUCTURES: from construction to rehabilitation LNEC • Lisbon • Portugal • 31 May . according to speculations and observations previously reported. near the river. in particular with respect of the presence of predominantly siliceous aggregates. 18 • IC DS Probably. . paints in red color may have been strategically performed in areas with greatest liturgical importance.1June 2012 CONCLUSIONS Previous studies of other old buildings of the Coimbra city have shown similar results.