LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline

based on scanner drives V4.2
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LTE/IRC/APP/032644
V4.2 / EN
Standard
04/JUL/2011

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LTE/IRC/APP/032644

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
V4.2 / EN
Standard
04/JUL/2011

Page 1/61

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives

PUBLICATION HISTORY
18/FEB/2010
Issue 01.01 / EN, draft release
Denis Camboulives

01/MAR/2010
Issue 02.01 / EN, Final release
Denis Camboulives

03/AUG/2010
Issue 2.2 / EN,
Quality update
Denis Camboulives

29/OCT/2010
Issue 3.0 / EN,
Indoor measurement
Neighboring list
Denis Camboulives

10/MAR/2011
Issue 4.0 / EN,
Gladiator post processing
Denis Camboulives

07/APR/2011
Issue V4.1 / EN,
Neighbor list creation with Gladiator
Denis Camboulives

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
LTE/IRC/APP/032644

V4.2 / EN

Standard

04/JUL/2011

Page 2/61

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives
4/JUL/2011
Issue V4.2 / EN,
Post processing with Edat
Denis Camboulives

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
LTE/IRC/APP/032644

V4.2 / EN

Standard

04/JUL/2011

Page 3/61

...........................................................15 DRIVE TEST PROCEDURE ....................1..........19 4.......................3.................................1................. CSV DATA EXPORT............................................ NECESSARY TOOLS SET ....................................1.............................................................................................3 3...........................................................................................3..................................................................................................32 Alcatel-Lucent ............................................................Proprietary .... ON SITE JOB ..............................................................................................................3............3.....................................................................................2 3...................18 RF CHANNEL INDOOR MEASUREMENT ...................2...........1........................... EDAT................ LOG THE TRACE .................................. 2....................................14 NixT Configuration ......... 7..................... INTRODUCTION ...............................................3....... THE STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE PRESENTATION .10 2...2................................................................................................1 3...................32 7............................19 4.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................25 POST PROCESSING.................. OBJET .......................................9 2.........3..... AUDIENCE FOR THIS DOCUMENT .............................................................................. 4.........................................................................................................................................................................................................2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 4/61 ....................................................18 Recording datas ............... SCANNER DATA EXPORT ........1...................1 start with gladiatior ............ NIXT OVERVIEW ................27 7..................4...............1 3.........................................................................10 Verification of close environment on each cell .......2..................23 5....11 RF CHANNEL OUTDOOR MEASUREMENT ..3.......................................................................................................12 3.............................................. NECESSARY TOOLS SET ..........................................LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives CONTENTS 1......................................4....2....27 7................................4............................................................................................12 3......................9 2..............................23 5............................................................ NIXT SETTINGS ................................. GLADIATOR .......................21 QUALITY ...... SCANNER VERIFICATION .6 1.........................................................................3......10 Verification of existing equipments ......3...............3..........................3...........................................................2............................................... OBJET .........................................1 2.............................................27 7......................................................................................................2......7 1......................................... general information .................. 6............................................................ GOAL OF THE RF OPTIMIZATION.............................................................................Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4......................... 5.........................................................24 6.....2... Check the licence ...... OBJET ........... TOOLS REQUIRED ........................................................................6 1.............. MEASUREMENT QUALITY ......... OBJECT ....8 SITE VERIFICATION ......8 1...............................................18 3..................................9 2..............................................................24 6..1...............13 3....................4.........................23 DATA EXPORT ...........................2 2...............................2 prerequesite .........................................................................................................................19 4..1...............14 3....................

.............3...................................Proprietary ................Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.....................................43 INFORMATION NEEDED ..............................................................................................58 Alcatel-Lucent ..............LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 7........1................................................ MANDATORY DELIVERABLE .................................................... work with gladiatior ........ 8...............................................2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 5/61 ...................58 8...................53 REPORTING ........2 7.4..................

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 1. In order to highlight the problematic zones through the deployment area.Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 6/61 . OBJECT The object of this document is to explain step by step the RF optimization phases from the site verification till the delivery of reporting to the operator This part has to be done before any other field system performance activities as soon as the cluster has been defined by the customer. and to compare the coverage with the RNP predictions. 1. a tilt optimization should be requested by RNP engineer. a site verification followed by a coverage measurement will have to be executed. and the measurement validation will have to be done again. Alcatel-Lucent .1.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. INTRODUCTION Operator are installing new generation network named LTE in deployment phase with AlcatelLucent Before starting the field acceptance activities it is very important to optimize the coverage efficiency in order to clear all issues related to radio environment. After the delivery of the reporting.

Sometimes some troubles could also appear due to ground level variation (hilly areas). LTE radio data are collected on road and formatted to give view of results. In this case. The main results of this activity are. best server map and the status of received cells for each measurement‟s point. Clutters of environment are defined as macrostructures and can have punctually some variation of build as masks or can be crossed by highways or railways. GOAL OF THE RF OPTIMIZATION RF optimization is necessary after the first design to optimize the radio network and to adapt it to the real field.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. That allows to collect everything seen inside the Drive test area. RF optimization must be realized after the deployment. These clutters are defined by the averaged kind of build. spacing. The more the number of neighbouring cells seen 10 dB under the best server is .Proprietary . using LTE receiver and GPS for real geopositioning. the real behaviour of the waves could be locally modified. wave guides or blocked areas. vegetation and outlines. it uses standard characteristics adapted to general environments often presented inside the digital map as clutters.2. Indeed when the RF design is realized. After the control of site status (all tested sites must be “up and well done parameterized”). they must all loaded with 100% OCNS. Drive test tour is organized around them. In parallel this is used to limit impact of neighbouring cells seen inside specific cell coverage and to limit faraway interferences due to site or cell positioning.the more the risk of interferences increase. These main results of this field activity should be used to modify the tilt of antennas used or sometime to optimize one cell azimuth to obtain the wanted coverage and a relative homogeneity between all the cells coverage (no preponderance of one cell to the detriment of the others).LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 1. On LTE network number of cells available in same place could have also significant impact on cell efficiency.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 7/61 . area coverage map. Alcatel-Lucent . The main receiver advantage is to be independent of the network. To limit the interferences impact due to others sites or to create more homogenous design in term of serving cell coverage. All of this modify the propagation and can create interferences.

3.4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 1.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary . AUDIENCE FOR THIS DOCUMENT All people in charge of the RF Optimization on a LTE Network have to follow this document Alcatel-Lucent . THE STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE PRESENTATION Site verification Measurement campaign Post processing and analysis Tilt or azimuth changes requeste No d? Yes Cluster optimized and ready for tests. and final reporting delivery 1.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 8/61 .

In consequence the RF Optimisation has to be done before any system tests. or even the coordinates of site) the prediction realized before will be wrong and the systems test could have more problem than expected.Binocular .1.Digital camera . NECESSARY TOOLS SET To realize the site visit. This part could allow Alcatel Lucent to understand why the coverage is strongly decreasing in some parts of the driven roads. because if there is some gap between the real information and the one used for the prediction (as the antenna height from ground. the implemented tilts.GPS Alcatel-Lucent .Compass . The following will present the needed tools and the way to use it.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. OBJET The aim of this part is to control that the given information are correct. the main tools used are: . SITE VERIFICATION 2.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 2.Laser meter (or decameter) .2. 2. azimuths. The other goal is also to check the mask present in the immediate environment of the site. which could block the LTE signal.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 9/61 .Proprietary .

A picture of the site is needed In the same way by using the GPS.Proprietary . he will have to qualify that the given coordinates are the correct one.3. A picture of each transmitting system (RRH. the person in charge of the site verification must check the antenna height.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. 2.3. ON SITE JOB 2. the implemented tilts and azimuths and has to provide this information to the RNP Engineer. and has to provide these information to the RNP Engineer.2 VERIFICATION OF EXISTING EQUIPMENTS Once the previous step has been done.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 2. Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 10/61 . the site visitor will have to check that the height of the building is the same that the one which has been communicate by the RNP Engineer. feeders and antennas as shown below) has to be taken in order to check that the installation of equipment has been correctly done.3.1 GENERAL INFORMATION By using the laser meter.

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 11/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. by taking a panoramic view (as shown below).LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 2. If mask has been seen. this information will allow the post processing team to understand the reason of a poor coverage in a part of the driven roads Here is an example taken on the French LTE deployment Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .3.3 VERIFICATION OF CLOSE ENVIRONMENT ON EACH CELL The aim of this part is to check what is the immediate environment for each cell.

who optimize the RNP to reduce any problem of coverage. overlap and interferences due to site installation and parameters. At least. RF CHANNEL OUTDOOR MEASUREMENT 3. the RNP engineer will provide to the costumer a list of tilts to implement on field.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 12/61 . the data must be given to RF planner engineer.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 3. OBJET The RF Channel measurement is done to allow the trial team to start the acceptances test in a optimized network. after these measurements. Alcatel-Lucent . it must contain results presented as followed: Channel Power Best cell ID RSRP RSRQ RS-CINR Serving cells within 10dB Neighboring list After results formatting and processing.Proprietary . A report has to be done.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.1.

2. to drive the receiver system and record the data. The whole system is positioned inside the measurement car. The receiver system is made up of: an accurate receiver : W1314 series ( from Agilent Technology ). a PC with the Nixt Survey software (V14. a geographical positioning system ( GPS or precise numerical Maps).Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 13/61 . NECESSARY TOOLS SET Equipments used for this activity are the following one: a receiver system adapted on frequency used.6GHz).2 or above) from Agilent Technology. a magnetic broadband car antenna able to collect frequencies in the used LTE band (ex: 2.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 3. The geographical system is made up of either: A GPS (Global Position System). integrated inside the W1314 series Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .

so to be able to do the requested measurement . Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 14/61 . To do that .3. a quick check of available licence is recommended.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 3.Proprietary . This part of the document is a short presentation of the configuration setup 3.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. open the Licence Manager present in the Agilent directory.3. NIXT OVERVIEW NIXT (E6474A) is the software platform developed by Agilent to control the receivers and to log measurement on the driven roads.1 CHECK THE LICENCE NIXT is based on Licence .

Proprietary . by using the device wizard. This could be used to control punctual issue or to test equipment in order to prepare a campaign The second one is based on a project manager (the operator has to configure the software with the correct receiver and measurements only once.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. setting saving . the configuration will be saved automatically when the software is turned off).2 NIXT CONFIGURATION With NIXT it is possible to take several traces in two different ways.). the field team must install the correct device. This way is strongly recommended by ARFCC group since it is more convenient for any of site support (project exportation..2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 15/61 . and creating a new project. Project manager File After selecting the Project manager.. Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 3. The first one is based on files (the operator has to configure the software with the correct receivers each time the software is opened).3.

the operator has to select the measurement needed (add measurement / LTE Channel Analyzer) and must configure the channel to measure as shown below.Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Once the device is detected and installed. Frequency band preselector Wide of the used band LTE Channel List ( Channel’s frequency must be filled here) Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 16/61 .

The bar chart presents the selected measurement as bar. Bar chart Grid Measurement selection drag and drop the measurement you want to see After configuring the workspace. The grid gives the measurement in value. it just gives information.(no recording datas) used to check the configuration Recording data (the one used to save measurement) Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. This view are not a selection of what is saved on the files. the measurement can start. Two ways to use the software are existing: Live mode .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives To be able to follow the measurement in live a workspace must be created.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 17/61 . It‟s also possible to add a map and to see the value on it.

4. to have a full loaded signal. the measuring team has to start to collect data The car speed must be as constant as possible and not to high A maximum number of roads of the cluster must be measured.4. we strongly recommend to keep traces of the driven roads made during the first pass. and will have to be drive again if some tilts modifications are requested after the post processing. Alcatel-Lucent .1 PREREQUESITE Before starting the OCNS must be declared on the system with a 100% value.2 RECORDING DATAS Once the configuration is done. DRIVE TEST PROCEDURE 3. and the full network must be working.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 18/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. To ensure that the same roads will be measured.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 3.Proprietary . No other activities on the tested area must be done during the RF measurement campaign 3.4.

it must contain results presented as followed: Channel Power Best cell ID RSRP RSRQ RS-CINR Serving cells within 10dB Neighboring list After results formatting and processing. OBJET The RF Channel indoor measurement is done to check the coverage of the LTE Network inside a specific building.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 4. At least. the RNP engineer will confirm to the costumer if the antenna position are correct regarding the expectation or if this position has to be modified 4.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2. after these measurements. Alcatel-Lucent . overlap and interferences due to site installation and parameters.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 19/61 . The main difference will be how to log the data. who optimize the RNP to reduce any problem of coverage. where DAS system had been deployed A report has to be done.1. the data must be given to RF planner engineer. First of all.Proprietary . create a new workspace for the map. NIXT SETTINGS The way to set the software is similar to outdoor. A touch Read laptop is needed to be able to work in indoor environment. RF CHANNEL INDOOR MEASUREMENT 4.

Alcatel-Lucent . that why it is Mandatory to synchronise the system with the GPS before doing that. By doing this the GPS will be disable. on the properties set the Indoor Mapping Mode to Yes.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. open the geo-referenced mapfile Open map file As soon as the map is opened.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 20/61 .Proprietary .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Once the Workspace is created.

3.Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 21/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. the start point on the map by adding an anchor Anchor Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 4. LOG THE TRACE Before starting the log.

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Then when the log is started . click on the start position with the arrow and start to walk with a constant speed.Proprietary . and the system will automatically place the logged point at the correct position arrow Alcatel-Lucent .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. door…) click on the current position on the map. as soon as you reach a reference point (corner.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 22/61 .

before post processing the data .R1 RSRP. R0 RSCINR…. a statistic count on CELL ID must be done to delete the Ghost. this field is the one used to do the RF optimization. MEASUREMENT QUALITY Since the Soft ware version 15. CELL ID with a non significant CELL ID number must be considered as trash Alcatel-Lucent .1. and also the good behavior of the system 5. and for the Synchronisation . SCANNER VERIFICATION Before starting any campaign of measurement.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 23/61 .. The R0 branch is the one use to decode.2.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 5.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.0 new fields appears on the measurement file R0 RSRP.Proprietary . the receiver calibration date must be checked. Some Ghost Cell Id can appear during those measurements . QUALITY 5.

ecf. SCANNER DATA EXPORT Open the Project Manager. *.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.*. DATA EXPORT To be able to post process the Data to set of export mut be provided to the post processing team Scanner data (*. and *.aox.1.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 24/61 . Edat or gladiator Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary . *. select the project to export and click on export project Export Project Then select the measurement to export and choose where you want to copy it This measurement are readable by using the nitx software .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 6.axe files) CSV file 6.aod.pgs .

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 6.Proprietary .2.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 25/61 . An export plan can be done as shown Select the new export plan to create one If the export plan is existing. select the multiple file exporting and the raw data to export Select all the requested data ( LTE Channel List) Alcatel-Lucent .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. CSV DATA EXPORT After measuring the channel on the cluster roads the raw data must be exported in readable format (csv) by using the export wizard of the software.

By saving the export plan. it can be given to all technical field team. we need to go back on cloned raw data to redo the processing and possibly perform debugging..2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 26/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Select the UTM lat / long Format By selecting Save. Otherwise export to file. in order to get the same level of information for all parts of measurement campaign. The duplicated files must be stored in directory named „RAW DATA‟ these are the references of real measurements.Proprietary . The second set should be used to perform processing and analysis. Be careful: The CSV files must be duplicated before any modification or analysis. the operator is able to save the export plan. If any doubt about the processing appears. Alcatel-Lucent .

Alcatel-Lucent . POST PROCESSING 7. EDAT EDAT is a post processing tool developed by ALU. or external one as Gladiator 7.2.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 7. used to do the post processing of UE and scanner measurement .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 27/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.1.Proprietary . Or they can use internal software as EDAT. TOOLS REQUIRED A system as MapInfo is requested and the post processing team could have to use or develop tools as Excel Macro to be able to have the requested information(by using the CSV export.

Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. best RSRP.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Import data Select the scanner files to post process Selection of metrics Once the project created .. search the wanted metrics Channel Power .Proprietary . RSRQ Alcatel-Lucent . best CID.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 28/61 . rs CINR.

Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 29/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Best Cell ID Best RSRP Alcatel-Lucent .

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 30/61 . RSRQ. RS-CINR Grid export Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Channel power.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.

and analyse the coverage on the real network Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 31/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Serving cell within N dB Sometimes the scanner is decoding « gost cell ids) . Once the data exported on excell file. filter and select the cell id present on the cluster.

1 START WITH GLADIATIOR Open the Gladiator Software Alcatel-Lucent . GLADIATOR Gladiator is a post processing tool able to read different format of scanner and UE format 7.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 32/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 7.3.3.Proprietary .

Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 33/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. the user will be able to name the project Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Create a new project By selecting the new project.

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Import data Rigth click on data to open the File converter Once the file converter is opened click on advanced mode to be able to choose the export settings (if not all data contains into the files will be exported) On the file selection part click on browse to select the data to import Advanced mode must be selected to allow the selection of conversion and advanced setting Click on Browse to select the scanner data Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 34/61 .Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 35/61 . we are able to edit the conversion plan and to save it Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives On the Conversion Setting part select the correct NITX data (here LTE Scanner) Select the correct format of scanner data On the Advanced Setting .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary .

Proprietary . Right click on a file and select merge to merge all the data together Alcatel-Lucent .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives The conversion plan allows to select the exact data we want to export ( here the LTE TopN Channel) Type of source file Type of technology Type of device Name of conversion plan Once the data are converted.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 36/61 .

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Select all the file to merge and then the device to include Under is the result of the merge Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 37/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 38/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Add Transmitters Right click on systems and select Import system (to import the site data from excel sheet) Select the coordinates system used Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary .

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives
Select the site data file

Select the correct information

Fill all the
fields by
selecting the
correspondence
read into the
sheets selected
above

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
LTE/IRC/APP/032644

V4.2 / EN

Standard

04/JUL/2011

Page 39/61

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives

Once the sytem imported, Check by a double click on the site data to see all the cells of the
network

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
LTE/IRC/APP/032644

V4.2 / EN

Standard

04/JUL/2011

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LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives

Add map
Right click on Vector and image data to import a geo-referenced map (as mapinfo map)

Add Workspace
Right click to create a new workspace

Alcatel-Lucent - Proprietary - Use pursuant to Company instruction
LTE/IRC/APP/032644

V4.2 / EN

Standard

04/JUL/2011

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2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 42/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Create a new display scheme Select Display scheme under Edit then click on add to create a new one Then fill the range you need to display Select the number of rows Define the first and last value you want the press on generate values Select the symbol and color for each range then save the display scheme It will fill automatically the range Alcatel-Lucent .

2 WORK WITH GLADIATIOR Two ways to work with Gladiator are possible. we are able to start working with gladiator drag and drop the wanted data on the workspace view Create a new map view Alcatel-Lucent .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 43/61 .3. Work on simple view (you will generate by yourself the wanted infos) Work with the Custom Design Center (you will generate and export automatically the wanted infos) WORK ON SIMPLE VIEW Once all data imported on the project view.Proprietary .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 7.

Right Click on the wanted data on the layer control and select the properties to change the display scheme. freq 1 the second best .) Drag and drop the site data..2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 44/61 .) There are ordered by level (for exemple the freq 0 is the frequency of the best cell received.. Alcatel-Lucent ..Proprietary .. cell id . rsrp..Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. the vectors and the wanted informations.. To create a new display scheme refer the next part.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Create a map All the information are on the workspace (frequency .

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 45/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Export image Once the map had been done there is a way to export it as an image.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary . as a tab file or on google earth format Alcatel-Lucent .

Proprietary . A custom report utilizes five types of components. These are outlined below: Data sources Parameters Procedures Outputs Layouts Alcatel-Lucent . or MS Excel documents. you will need to set it up first Here are the steps to follow to do it First of all open it by selecting CDC under tools or with F10 Create a new one By using the CDC the operators will be able to generate automatic reports Reports can represent the analysis results in either Map views.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives WORK WITH THE CUSTOM DESIGN CENTER To use the CDC .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 46/61 . Result tables.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.

These features allow the user to create a flexible report that can generate dynamic results based on inputs at report run time. Data sources are separated into two main types. There are multiple parameter types to choose from and inputs characteristics can be specified for each. Add a new parameter group Alcatel-Lucent .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. An example of such a data source would be an Agilent UMTS phone. System data sources only require the user to provide the name of an existing system within the Gladiator project view. Such characteristics include setting valid input ranges for value parameters and character length for text parameters and text length.Proprietary . The System data source allows for designing of reports related to system parameters such antenna azimuth and mechanical downtilt. Data sources defined are used in later stages in the report design process.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 47/61 . At run time of the report the user can change this value as long as it is still within the range specified at creation time. Technology and Device type. The Device data source is used to specify and create reports related to devices such as phones and scanners. Device data sources allow the user to specify what data will be used for report generation based on Equipment manufacturer. At creation time the user can specify default values in specific ranges defined around that value.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives DATA SOURCES A data source provides a means to input tables into the Custom design center. Add a new Device (for our example a JDSU LTE Scanner) and a new system ( defined in the previous chapter) PARAMETERS Parameters are input variables the user can specify to be used in report generation. These include Device data sources and System data sources.

Proprietary . Procedures have two main levels.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 48/61 . The results of these Operations nodes provide inputs to later stages. Data is manipulated in the Procedure node in order to provide relevant information to continue the report generation process. Data sets can contain data directly from the Data sources node or elsewhere such as the result of a query from the Sql database.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives PROCEDURES Procedures are the most important section of the Custom design center. Create 1 custom data set Select the G_LTE scanner and take all the measured data Create a new calculations to be able to detect the serving cells within 10 dB Alcatel-Lucent . The first level consists of data sets which is a starting point of data manipulation. The second level called Operations perform the actual data manipulation such as filtering or compression.

LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives Once the calculations is created . Sequence No.Proprietary . Time.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 49/61 . select add all columns and decrease the number of cells until you have the FileId.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. Latitude and Longitude and then add one ow by increasing the number of column On this row we will add the serving cell counter Fill the column name between square baquets without using space [serving_cells_counter] Then click on the 3 dot points Then set the expression to count the number of cell in 10 dB (see appendix) Alcatel-Lucent .

Proprietary . Add a new map (you can select as well new graph.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. table…) Select calculations for the serving cells counter or custom data set for other datas present on the parameter group Add the info you want to see on your map From properties select the correct data scheme Reproduce this step for each map you want Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives OUTPUTS The Output node accepts defined procedures and uses the manipulated data to generate "Outputs" such as tables.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 50/61 . graphs and maps to place in next node "Layouts".

This report is based on an existing Excel 'template' document that contains the desired formatting of the final report.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. the user is provided with an embedded html editor to define exactly what the final report will look like.Proprietary . Add a new excel layout Select the position and size of your map on the excell sheet Then start your export Alcatel-Lucent . these are HTML layout and MS Excel layouts. There are two types of layouts possible.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 51/61 . Once this is complete. Custom design center allows the user to simply 'place' each Output where desired on the template file. In this stage all outputs are placed in the editor and descriptive text is placed around them as necessary to describe the results of the reports. Custom design center also allows generation of a MS Excel spreadsheet report. To generate an HTML layout. A copy of the template file with the added output is generated hence allowing the template file to be reused as desired.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives LAYOUTS Defining the Layout is the final stage to the report generation process.

It will create the neighbor list into the workspace Create a new table view then export it on excell Alcatel-Lucent .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives CREATE NEIGHBOR LIST The way to create the neighboring list is to use the LS_CreateNeighborList tool box Fill the wanted Parameter then press ok.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 52/61 .

2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 53/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives To be able to create the list export.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary . 7.4. INFORMATION NEEDED With MapInfo the post processor must provide coverage analysis. as shown below (example taken on a trial in France) CHANNEL POWER Alcatel-Lucent . as well the site data and open the Cell table to have the correspondence between the ID of the cell provided by gladiator and the cell name. The result will give you a first neighbour list . that it can be updated to the system This list will be optimized by using the UE Measurement.

Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 54/61 . in order to limit the Handover request inside the area and to restore more homogenous cell coverage.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives The channel power allows to find possible lack or hole of coverage. The minimum value must be above -95 dBm in 99% of the time. This shows that the signal is powerful enough for the acceptance test.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. Alcatel-Lucent . BEST CELL ID COVERAGE This best server view shows that tilts must be optimized to enhance or to limit the CELL ID coverage.

Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4. inside the cluster area to allow a good indoor penetration RSRQ COVERAGE This view shows the quality received for one resource element 95% of the measured samples has to be over -20 for 100% of load Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 55/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives RSRP COVERAGE This view shows the global coverage for one ressource element including holes and poor level The level must be over -95dBm .Proprietary .in most of the case.

The level must be over -5dBm . SERVING CELLS WITHIN 10DB Alcatel-Lucent .Proprietary . inside the cluster area.in most of the case.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 56/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives RS CINR COVERAGE This view shows the coverage for the CINR for one resource element.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.

The post processing tool (Excel macro.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 57/61 . EDAT) must be able to extract the list of neighbouring cells from raw data in order to create and validate the neighbour cell list A maximum 3 serving cells must be present in most of measurement points to limit End User interferences by restricting the impact of neighbouring cells in covered area. the number of CELL ID received until 10dB less than the best server. In this case second drive tour must be organized if necessary when the neighbouring cells will set “On”. Main limitation could be due to no neighbouring cell available and set up around the tested area.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives This view shows.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary . the neighboring list have to be provided as follow Server cell ID 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 4 3 3 3 3 5 6 8 6 4 4 4 3 3 6 5 5 4 5 4 6 8 9 7 5 5 5 4 6 8 6 7 7 7 5 7 10 11 8 13 6 7 5 7 9 7 12 11 8 6 10 11 15 9 14 7 12 6 8 10 15 13 12 9 8 11 16 16 10 15 10 13 7 9 11 Neigbors cell id 16 14 15 13 14 10 11 9 11 15 16 17 17 12 13 11 15 9 10 15 16 15 15 13 17 16 15 17 16 15 16 17 12 13 14 15 10 11 16 11 15 12 17 13 14 16 17 Alcatel-Lucent . NEIGHBORING LIST By using the server within 10 dB.

coordinates) (See template in appendix) a site implantation map.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives 8. the contractor has to provide to AlcatelLucent : The raw data The post processed data The report The report has to include: the site visit information (pictures.Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Proprietary .1. MANDATORY DELIVERABLE Once the raw data had been post processed. azimuth and tilts. the different coverage map (presented above). and if needed the link budget Example of site implantation map Alcatel-Lucent .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 58/61 . REPORTING 8.

Proprietary .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.Support Site information Site name Site address Site coordinates (WGS84) Building height Latitude = Longitude = Main measurements needed Antenna 1 Antenna 2 Antenna 1 +45° -45° Antenna 2 +45° -45° Antenna 3 TYPE AZIMUTH TILT HEIGHT from Roof HEIGHT from ground Antenna side Radio Measurements +45° Antenna 3 -45° Cable loss VSWR DTF Antenna line Measurements Spectrum Measurement RX Band (1955 .Support Site name Site coordinates Roof dimension WGS84 (X.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 59/61 .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives APPENDIX A ANTENNA VALIDATION .Y) Length Long= Width Lat= Site Description Full site picture from the ground Roof pictures (3 pict max) OK OK NOK NOK Environment description 360° panoramic view Zoom on main mask Zoom on second mask zoom on main environment 1 Zoom on main environment 2 Zoom on main environment 3 OK OK OK OK OK OK NOK NOK NOK NOK NOK NOK Radio survey Pictures of site shared systems Pictures of site shared antennas Picture of closer radio site1 Picture of closer radio site2 OK OK OK OK NOK NOK NOK NOK Building Height Technical description (if available) 3 panoramic Pictures zoomed behind antenna Pictures of antennas Pictures of antennas tilt Pictures of RF Cables Pictures of RRH position Antenna 1 OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK Antenna 2 OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK OK OK OK OK OK Antenna 3 NOK NOK NOK NOK NOK (**) Put a Cross inside the good compartment when picture is realized.1985 MHz) OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK TX Band (2145 .2175 MHz) OK NOK OK NOK OK NOK (*) Put the value in the good compartment SITE SURVEY . (**) At the end of survey if picture are not performed put cross in NOK compartment Alcatel-Lucent .

[R0 RSRP (13)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (16)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (14)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (6)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (10)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (8)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (18)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives APPENDIX B Copy and paste the following expression to count the serving cells within 10dB case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (19)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end Alcatel-Lucent .[R0 RSRP (12)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (15)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (1)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (3)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 60/61 .[R0 RSRP (2)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .Proprietary .[R0 RSRP (4)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (9)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (5)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (7)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (11)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .[R0 RSRP (17)] < 10 then 1 else 0 end + case when [R0 RSRP (0)] .

Proprietary .2 / EN Standard 04/JUL/2011 Page 61/61 .Use pursuant to Company instruction LTE/IRC/APP/032644 V4.LTE RF Design Network Optimization Guideline based on scanner drives  END OF DOCUMENT  Alcatel-Lucent .