Instruction Manual

HM150.03 Flow Over Weirs
Accessory

N.U. Barsbüttel HM150.00003A15012 10/95 . Gerätebau GmbH. 917.T.All rights reserved G.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory Instruction Manual Publication No.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Determination of weir head z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1 . 4 3. . . . . . . . . .2 3.2 Determination of volumetric flow rate . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. 6 3. . .T. . . .N. . . .1 3. 5 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Flow over weirs . . . . . 5 V-profile weir . . . . . .HM150. . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Measured values. . . . . . . . 7 3. . . . . . .1 Determination of weir head z . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .U. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Barsbüttel 3. . . . . .2 Determination of volumetric flow rate . . Gerätebau GmbH. . .3 Measured values. . . . . . . . . .3 Rectangular-profile weir . 4 3. . . . . . . .03 Flow over Weirs Accessory Contents 1 Unit description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 All rights reserved G. . . . . 3 3 Experiments . . .

Gerätebau GmbH.N. Barsbüttel 1 2 3 5 4 6 The weir head is determined with the aid of the height sensor [1]. A weir [2] with V-profile and a weir [2] with rectangular profile are available for experimentation purposes.U. All rights reserved G.HM150. The volumetric flow rate is determined using the volumetric tank [3] and the volume scale [6]. The water enters at the bottom left and then flows to the right over a weir into the volumetric tank. The HM150 contains a channel section [5]. which regulates the pump of the HM150.T. The volumetric flow rate can then be calculated from the above.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 1 Unit description The accessory set HM150. The volumetric flow rate is set on the ball cock [4]. 1 Unit description 2 .03 Flow Over Weirs is used together with the HM150 Fluid Mechanics Basic Module [3].

The height sensor is arranged over the channel such that it faces the weir (refer to illustration on page 2).N.T. Seal Weir Filling the HM150 with water and establishing the power supply completes the preparatory work.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 2 Preparation Two weirs are provided. 2 Preparation 3 . Gerätebau GmbH. All rights reserved G. Barsbüttel These are bolted to the outlet end of the channel. using 4 knurled screws.HM150. namely: A V-profile weir and a rectangular-profile weir.U.

03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 3 Experiments 3.0 cm Weir the weir head z is calculated as follows: h0 h z = h0 + h1 − h.1 The weir head z is measured indirectly. Gerätebau GmbH.1. z The width b is constant.T. Given the constants: h0= 4. h1 z b 3 Experiments 4 .1 Rectangular-profile weir The volumetric flow rate can be derived from the weir width b and the weir head z . Barsbüttel b 3. b = 6.U. Determination of weir head z Sensor Make slight contact with water level The height h of the water level is measured.0 cm All rights reserved G.HM150.7 cm h1= 5.N.

85 0.236 0.794 0.960 0.50 22.20 10.3 Measured values The following values were obtained for comparison between calculated and measured volumetric flow rates: h [cm] z [cm] Time t for 10 l [sec.441 0.20 2.965 +0. 3.65 44.T.128 0.70 12.4 8.U. The actual volumetric flow rate V M can be determined with the aid of the volumetric tank of the HM150 using a stopwatch.10 93.107 -16.1. 3 Experiments 5 . The theoretical volumetric flow rate V th is calculated as follows: .446 +1.778 -2.225 -4.50 4.02 5.60 1.2 Determination of volumetric flow rate . Gerätebau GmbH. It is advisable to measure the filling time t for 10 litres.HM150.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 3.00 3.66 7. VM [l/s] Deviation [%] 8.] . Barsbüttel . V th [l/s] .1.63 for sharp-crested weir discharge All rights reserved G.36 0.13 6.42 0. A good volume display is obtained in the scale range between 20 and 30 litres.26 0.05 1. 2  2gz  V th = ⋅µ ⋅ b ⋅ z ⋅ √ 3 where µ= 0.43 0.52 Determination of the volumetric flow rate with a rectangular-profile weir ensures a high level of coincidence with the actual volumetric flow rate.N.

7 cm h1= 6. Make slight contact with water level Given the constants: h0= 4.T.1 Determination of weir head z Sensor The height h of the water level is measured. Gerätebau GmbH.0 cm Weir the weir head z is calculated as follows: h0 h z = h0 + h1 − h. b = 2z The weir head z is measured indirectly. z All rights reserved G. Barsbüttel b=2z 3.2 V-profile weir The volumetric flow rate can be derived from the weir width b and the weir head z.N. h1 z b 3 Experiments 6 .HM150. 90o The width b is a function of the weir head z.2.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 3.U.

α 8 V th = ⋅µ ⋅ z2 ⋅ tan ⋅ √  2gz  2 15 All rights reserved G. The theoretical volumetric flow rate V th is calculated as follows: .272 0.50 3.20 34. 3 Experiments 7 .418 0.T. V th [l/s] .95 0.50 5. VM [l/s] Deviation [%] 8.28 6.93 7.778 +9.2.00 4.] .225 -17.70 6.446 +6.83 0.50 2.N.965 +5.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 3.2 Determination of volumetric flow rate . It is advisable to measure the filling time t for 10 litres.HM150.08 0.3 Measured values The following values were obtained for comparison between calculated and measured volumetric flow rates: h [cm] z [cm] Time t for 10 l [sec.63 for sharp-crested weir discharge and tan 45°= 1 .20 91.27 5.68 0. A good volume display is obtained in the scale range between 20 and 30 litres.20 10. 3. The actual volumetric flow rate V M can be determined with the aid of the volumetric tank of the HM150 using a stopwatch.80 21.712 0.90 3. Barsbüttel where µ= 0.2.U.917 0.23 Determination of the volumetric flow rate with a V-profile weir ensures a high level of coincidence with the actual volumetric flow rate. Gerätebau GmbH.86 0.70 13.107 +0.106 0.

9 0.8 0.6 0.7 Rectangular profile weir Flow in l/s All rights reserved G.1 0 5 6 7 8 9 10 h in cm 3 Experiments 8 .HM150.U.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 1 0. Barsbüttel 0.5 V-profile weir 0.T.N. Gerätebau GmbH.3 0.2 0.4 0.

Gerätebau GmbH.N. 3 Experiments 9 . rate V th as a function of the measured height h.03 Flow over Weirs Accessory 3. Barsbüttel The graph shows the calculated volumetric flow .HM150.3 Flow over weirs All rights reserved G.U.T.