Raihan Alisha Nabila -1306437126

Civil Engineering/ International Program
Risk assessment, management, and analysis of Engineering Faculty building.

Picture 1. Cracks on beam and column

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The classifications are qualitative and quantitative assessment.Raihan Alisha Nabila -1306437126 Civil Engineering/ International Program Failure Identification These cracks on beams and columns are the common phenomenon that happens in a construction. and partial weakening of the structure. overloading of a structure. This failure occurs in the building can cause and effect in an unexpected time. and low. it can be defined or known as the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the risk. short or even long term. medium. The types of crack can be classified as the structural crack and the non-structural crack. Several causes in every aspects can damage or produce cracks on beams and columns. serious and slight and can be rated as high. Risk Assessment The danger or harm that can be brought by this event can be measured using several level assessments. As the time flows crack on the beam will be no longer support the load given to it and can make the loads including people fall and cause injuries. Page 2 of 5 . such as excessive movement of the structure of the building. subsidence of ground. By seeing this failure on construction. The qualitative assessment can be measured as the potential to cause harm or the likely effect between major.

Raihan Alisha Nabila -1306437126 Civil Engineering/ International Program FAULT TREE ANALYSIS Structural crack Non-structural crack Structural Movement Moisture Change Thermal Movement Elastic Deformation Creep Chemical Reaction Foundation movement & settlement of soil Growth of vegetation Diagram 1. Fault Tree Analysis of Cracks on beams and columns Page 3 of 5 .

foundation design. chemical reaction. When this movement is restraint. Cracks on beams and columns can cause short and long term effect to the structure of a building. and excessive shear stress. mortar. The first aspect from non-structural cracks is the moisture change. and they expands on absorbing moisture from atmosphere and shrinks on drying. the material decay. these movements are reversible such as shrinkage of cement and lime based materials on initial drying. architectural design of buildings. and corrosion of reinforcement. internal stresses are set-up in the component. temperature. and environmental standard. water cement ratio. it depends on water & cement content. construction technique. timber etc. humidity. it has very vital influence on cracking which occur during construction because there are certain properties of materials that influence cracking (e. and dimensional stability. Cracking can be classified as the slight and major hazard according to how bad the cracks occur Page 4 of 5 . The elastic deformation under circumstances can cause cracking in the building when it’s under gone normal strain. Creep deformation occurs usually in materials such as concrete. This cracks can be widen as the age of the building becomes older. the materials used in the most buildings are porous in their structure in the form of inter-molecular space. But when deformation due to elastic strain and creep. such as the choices of materials. There are several general preventions that can be applied to minimize the cracks. Thermal movement causes the materials less or more expands on heating and contracts on cooling. cracking can be much more severe and damaging. and environments. The common chemical reactions that produces cracks are the amount of sulphate attack. high end technology and others that might happen according to safety. creep and adequate resistance against the sulphate attack. structural design. carbonation. As the short term effects are the aesthetic aspect. specifications for mortar and concrete have big impact from preventing the cracks. construction practice. the use of the admixture and other components. The structural cracks that might happen in the beams and columns are the inadequate strength. the view of the crack can decrease the beauty of exterior design of a building and we also can assess there are several errors in the non-structural cracks.Raihan Alisha Nabila -1306437126 Civil Engineering/ International Program Risk Analysis One of the purposes of this analysis is to minimize the risk failures of an activities involved people in a working area surrounded by heavy equipment. and may cause cracks due to tensile or shear stress. due to plastic deformation. drying shrinkage. Movement due to chemical reaction may results in outward thrust and formation of cracks. brickwork. For example in concrete. health. we should consider the minimum amount of drying shrinkage .g modulus of elasticity) .

Conclusions    The cracking can be classified to several levels of causing hazard according to how badly it is damaged We have to consider several things to reduce the cracking to occur such as the choices materials. and make the structure stand stronger and longer Page 5 of 5 . specifications of mortar and concrete. construction techniques and the environments. because it can produce the efficient work. creep.Raihan Alisha Nabila -1306437126 Civil Engineering/ International Program if it is badly damaged the building’s structure can fall off and harm lots of people. structural design. can decrease the outcome. productive time. foundation design. Besides performing the good structure of beams and columns. The likelihood of the cracks occur can be classified as high and low level and is depended on term of the effect. when constructing the beam and columns we have to make sure all the heavy equipment are safe and used in the way they are generally used. We need to make a risk prevention and management.