fdpy

© All Rights Reserved

49 views

fdpy

© All Rights Reserved

- Computational Analysis of Pressure and Wake Characteristics of an Aerofoil in Ground Effect
- syllabus
- 3. Ship Resistance OP Shah
- Final Thermodynamics Project Report
- CE Detailed Syllebus
- Mit Turbulent Jets
- InTech-Convective Heat Transfer Analysis of Solar Chimney Power Plant Collectors
- Flow in Flow-Accelerated Corrosion for Nuclear Power Plant
- 02.pdf
- 36834970-Fluid-Mechanics-Objective-Type-Questions.pdf
- Mulit Phase 1
- Savins_1964 - Drag Reduction Characteristics of Solutions of Macromolecules in (CORRETO)
- Calculating Core Temperature
- Course Outline (for Student)
- Ggjfg
- 1-s2.0-S1369886901000106-main.pdf
- Potential Flow
- 4
- 10.2514@6.2018-0588
- Thwaites.method

You are on page 1of 5

SEMESTER 2 EXAMINATION 2013-2014

MP4005 FLUID DYNAMICS

April/May 2014

INSTRUCTIONS

1.

This paper contains FOUR (4) questions and comprises FIVE (5) pages.

2.

3.

4.

5.

The Compressible Gas Tables comprising of ELEVEN (11) pages are enclosed.

1(a)

A convergent-divergent nozzle has a throat area of 0.02 m2 and an exit area of 0.05

m2. As the back pressure is reduced progressively from the atmospheric value, air

starts to flow from the atmosphere into the nozzle. The pressure and temperature of

air in the atmosphere are 101 kPa and 300 K respectively.

For air, =1.4=

and R 287 J/kg K .

(i)

When the back pressure is 99 kPa, the flow is not choked and is fully subsonic

and isentropic. Determine the Mach number at the exit, the Mach number at the

throat and the mass flow rate of air.

(ii)

When the back pressure is 85 kPa, determine whether the flow is choked and the

Mach number at the throat of the nozzle. Calculate the mass flow rate of air.

(17 marks)

(b)

Consider the Fanno line flow through a circular duct of constant diameter. The flow at

the duct inlet is subsonic. For a certain duct length, the flow at the duct outlet is sonic.

What would happen to the flow if the duct length is made longer? Give physical

reasons to justify your answer.

If the duct diameter is 0.06 m, the duct length is 2.93 m, the duct friction factor is

0.013 and the Mach number at the duct inlet is 0.37, determine the Mach number at

the duct outlet. What would be the duct length if the Mach number at the outlet is 1

while the Mach number at the inlet remains at 0.37?

(8 marks)

MP4005

2 (a)

The velocity profile in a turbulent boundary layer with zero pressure gradient may be

1/9

u y

where u is the boundary layer velocity, U is the free-stream

=

U

velocity, y is the normal distance from the surface and is the boundary layer

expressed as

1/4

U

where is

thickness. The wall shear stress w is given by=

w 0.0233U

the fluid density and is the kinematic viscosity. Determine an expression for the

local skin friction coefficient in terms of the Reynolds number using the momentum

integral equation. State any assumptions made.

(11 marks)

2

(b)

For flow over a flat plate aligned with the stream-wise direction, use the momentum

equation to show that the skin friction per unit width of the plate, D f , is given by the

expression D f =

U 2 L where is the fluid density, U is the free-stream velocity and

L is the momentum thickness at the trailing edge of the plate. Does this expression

apply to both laminar and turbulent boundary layers?

(6 marks)

(c)

hemispherical cups connected by a bar. The anemometer is hinged at the midpoint of

the bar. The radius of the cups is 0.1 m and the length of the bar is 0.4 m. The

anemometer is placed in the wind blowing at a velocity of 15 m/s. The total drag

coefficients, CD , of the convex surface and concave surface of the cups are 0.34 and

1.33 respectively. Determine the turning moment of the anemometer. Take air

density to be 1.2 kg/m3. State any necessary assumptions.

(8 marks)

concave,

radius = 0.1 m

0.2 m

U = 15 m/s

0.2 m

convex,

radius = 0.1 m

Figure 1

MP4005

3 (a)

constant and the coordinates are measured in metres, such that the velocity is in m/s.

(i)

(ii)

(iv) If the answer to part 3(a)(iii) is yes, determine the potential function ( x, y ) , if

the answer is no, explain why.

(v)

For this flow field, determine the flow rate between the two streamlines passing

through the points C (1,1) and D(2, 2) . What is the direction of the flow?

Note:=

, and v =

0.5 V , u =

x

y

(13 marks)

(b)

Oil of density and dynamic viscosity , drains steadily down the side of a vertical

plate, as shown in Figure 2. After a development region near the top of the plate, the

oil film becomes independent of z and has a constant thickness . Assume that

w = w( x) only and that the atmosphere offers no shear resistance to the surface of the

w u

film, i.e., xz=

+ = 0 at x = .

x z

g 2

(i) Solve the Navier-Stokes equation and show that=

w( x)

( x 2 x ) .

2

d

(ii)

0

Figure 2

2w 2w 2w

w

w

w

w

p

Note:

+u

+v

+w

=

+

+

g

2 + 2 + 2

z

x

y

z

z

y

z

t

x

(6 marks)

Note: Question 3 continues on page 4.

MP4005

(c)

Air flowing past a wall encounters a step of height h = 10 mm and the leading edge of

the wall is profiled to avoid sharp changes in flow direction as shown in Figure 3.

The flow may be represented by the upper half-plane of a uniform flow of velocity U

parallel to the axis and a source of strength m, i.e., a half-body. If the velocity of the

airstream is 40 m/s, determine

(i)

the distance b that the source is located behind the leading edge of the step,

(ii)

(iii) the horizontal and vertical velocity components (i.e. u and v) at a point

A(0,5 mm) on the step.

Figure 3

Note: For a half body,

Ur cos +

=

m

ln r

2

1/2

m

or =

ln ( x 2 + y 2 ) ,

Ux +

2

b( )

m

a source, Vr =

. For =

and V 0, where m > 0 for source, and

sin

2 r

d

1

( ln x ) = .

dx

x

r=

(6 marks)

MP4005

4 (a)

A vertical axis tank is conical in shape whereby the diameter increases uniformly

from 1.5 m at the base to 3.5 m at a height of 5 m. The water in the tank can be

reduced by means of a 100 mm diameter pipe of length 5 m and friction factor 0.008,

with the height of the pipe 4 m below the base of the tank. Assume the effect of the

orifice to pipe connection can be represented by a separation loss with a k value of 2.

Determine the time required to reduce the water in the tank by 3 m if the tank is full

initially.

z

Note that

2

p1 V12

p

V2

L V2

V2

As

and t =

+

+ z1 = 2 + 2 + z2 + f

+k

dz

D 2g

2g

g 2g

g 2g

Qi Qo

z1

(13 marks)

(b)

A centrifugal pump is designed to deliver water at 30 l/s and the inlet velocity has no

tangential component. The pump has the following dimensions:

Parameter

Inlet

Outlet

75

150

7.5

6.25

25

40

Radius, r (mm)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Determine the outlet absolute flow angle measured relative to the normal

direction.

(iv)

(12 marks)

End of Paper

- Computational Analysis of Pressure and Wake Characteristics of an Aerofoil in Ground EffectUploaded byVyssion
- syllabusUploaded byAnil Sah
- 3. Ship Resistance OP ShahUploaded byShaik Anees
- Final Thermodynamics Project ReportUploaded byAnil Yarlagadda
- CE Detailed SyllebusUploaded bypallab
- Mit Turbulent JetsUploaded byobiscolly50
- InTech-Convective Heat Transfer Analysis of Solar Chimney Power Plant CollectorsUploaded byzangola
- Flow in Flow-Accelerated Corrosion for Nuclear Power PlantUploaded bySalih Gürkan üyümez
- 02.pdfUploaded bylubangjarum
- 36834970-Fluid-Mechanics-Objective-Type-Questions.pdfUploaded byWaleed Hussain
- Mulit Phase 1Uploaded bysb ali
- Savins_1964 - Drag Reduction Characteristics of Solutions of Macromolecules in (CORRETO)Uploaded byfredsantana
- Calculating Core TemperatureUploaded byAnonymous sAmJfcV
- Course Outline (for Student)Uploaded byhahaha
- GgjfgUploaded byashu070390
- 1-s2.0-S1369886901000106-main.pdfUploaded bySyamsul Bahry Harahap
- Potential FlowUploaded byJA55EE
- 4Uploaded byFarzad Fadaei
- 10.2514@6.2018-0588Uploaded byTsamara Atsil Fadhila
- Thwaites.methodUploaded byJen Chai
- BL2_laminarShockBoundaryLayerInteractionUploaded byMarco Aurélio Leonel Matunaga
- 029Uploaded byKota Sridhar
- cf_02.pdfUploaded byJay Prakash Dulhani
- Triple Deck Analysis of Formation of Supersonic and Local Separation Regions in Transonic Steady Flow Over a Roughness Element on the Surface of a Body of RevolutionUploaded byAthul Joseph
- 35.03_28Uploaded byliton
- 13400979Uploaded by09187135911
- Fully Developed TrubulencetUploaded byresocman
- Mini Report Format 2014-2015 (1)Uploaded byKaali KIng
- Pitot TubeUploaded bypushpzala86
- Tian 1994Uploaded byJUNIOR

- ViscousFluidFlow_FMWhite_secondednUploaded bysamson_packiaraj1325
- ch1Uploaded byChris Tan
- UPS Battery Systems_ENUploaded byChris Tan
- Jack W Judy 2001 Smart Mater. Struct. 10 301Uploaded byChris Tan
- Ah long sanUploaded byChris Tan
- MA4847 Cog-Ergo Assignment (2015) (3)Uploaded byChris Tan
- Stats_eWLB_OverviewFlyer.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- STATSChipPAC IWLPC2014 FlexLine Universal Platform for FI and FOUploaded byChris Tan
- ntu3001Uploaded byChris Tan
- 3D SummaryUploaded byChris Tan
- STATSChipPAC_ECTC2012_s29p4_301.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- STATSChipPAC_EPTC2010_3D_eWLB_ST_E5_2_P0303.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- MP3001 Tut1Uploaded byChris Tan
- uselessUploaded byChris Tan
- STATSChipPAC_IPC_ESTC2013_Flipchip_eWLB.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- PackagingJPL.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- FYP Report TemplateUploaded byChris Tan
- Manifesto RewriteUploaded byChris Tan
- ISPE_CCChMar2009Cleanrooms101.pdfUploaded byChris Tan
- ELWB Read FirstUploaded byChris Tan
- 3011 ReportUploaded byChris Tan
- Cleanroom BasicsUploaded byChris Tan
- Beacon N Classroom ClassUploaded byChris Tan
- ISO_9000Uploaded byChris Tan
- ChrisUploaded byChris Tan
- UNPAN027039Uploaded byshozaib91
- Video EssayUploaded byChris Tan
- Writers Resource Kit 2011Uploaded byNational Book Development Council of Singapore

- Tie-decay temporal networks in continuous time and eigenvector-based centralitiesUploaded byFábio Duarte
- Tech Drilling Directional DrillingUploaded bytaz_beloti
- Chemistry Exemplar Chapter 1 AnswersUploaded byNischay Mahamana
- Further Mechanics Exam Pack MSUploaded bycoughsyrup123
- sample_mid_chs._2-_3_Uploaded bySaied Aly Salamah
- Mesh-Intro 17.0 M05 Mesh Quality and Advanced TopicsUploaded byjust random
- Fluid PressureUploaded byHuda Mukhtar
- Hot Pack-Cold Pack_HUploaded byCat Clarke
- ME306-Fall 2013- Chapter (1)- Introduction and Basic Concepts.pdfUploaded bymurad_ashour
- Chem notesUploaded bySurya Prakash
- diferenciasentrelinerpfayptfe-130105220430-phpapp02Uploaded bysareluis2727
- chem faxUploaded byDiana Mairiza Part II
- Jee Maths FormulaUploaded byHardeep Sinh Parmar
- CHAPTER 1 CMT 255 Fluid MechanicsUploaded byBadrudin Jundaili
- An Approximation of Phosphorescence Decay Kinetics of IdealUploaded byMatija Korvin
- Acidic hydrolysis of sucrose.Uploaded byshaherbano Awan
- [1989 R. Ortega, M.W. Spong] Adaptive Motion Control of Rigid Robots_a TutorialUploaded byRuben Raygosa
- Bodies in EquilibriumUploaded byMichael Carnovale
- Raft Foundation ProcedureUploaded byAlan Toomey
- E401 Guide QuestionsUploaded byWinvel Dotimas
- MCQ PhysicsUploaded byAshok Kumar
- ssntd5Uploaded byamyounis
- Aisin Aw 03 II_30 40LEUploaded byDmitry Oboukhov
- Magnetic Moment &TorqueUploaded byNibha Pandey
- 1ETDARAFAT.pdfUploaded byNguyen Danh Tuyen
- Symmetry SummaryUploaded byShweta Sridhar
- Unit 5 Earth and SpaceUploaded byDinesh Vasanthakumar
- test.docxUploaded byKevinViriaWinata
- Solution Manual.pdfUploaded byاحمدعطيه
- Requerimientos Para La Certificacion de PalasUploaded byAnaApcarian