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LTE NSN Solution

LTE RPESS
LTE NSN Solution

Nokia Siemens Networks

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LTE NSN Solution

Nokia Siemens Networks Academy


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LTE NSN Solution

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Identify different milestones in the NSN Roadmap for LTE


Review the Flexi concept from NSN for BTS implementation
Discuss the list of modules for the Flexi Multiradio BTS
Describe the Flexi Multimode System Module
Analyse the Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Inspect LTE Flexi configuration options
List different approaches for LTE/WCDMA Co-Siting
Review the LTE Terminals performances

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

Nokia Siemens Networks

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Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

Nokia Siemens Networks

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LTE NSN Solution

A head start for network migration towards LTE/SAE with


Nokia Siemens Networks

2008

Network
migration

HSPA / I-HSPA
Flexi Multimode BTS
Direct tunnel

2009

LTE/SAE trial

End-to-end LTE/SAE support


Tight co-operation with Nokia devices

2010

Commercial launch

LTE capable devices


LTE roll-out for coverage and capacity
Data-centric services

2011-

Operator service
migration to LTE/SAE

Nokia Siemens Networks

Volume LTE roll-out with full coverage


Gradual migration of cellular voice services
to LTE

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LTE FDD Roadmap Overview (10th March 2010)


4Q/2009
2007

4Q/2010
2009

4Q/2011 2010

RL09

RL10

RL20

RL30

Available

Ready for Contract

Under Planning

Study Items

Air Interface Performance


Flat Architecture

MIMO 2x2
Intra-Frequency Mobility
Fair Scheduler
NetAct Fault Management
Flexi System Module: FSME
Bandwidth: 5, 10 and 20 MHz
Frequency Bands:
2600 MHz
700 MHz
Ethernet Transport
Synchronization from GPS

2Q/2010
2008

Nokia Siemens Networks

High Speed Broadband


Self-Organizing Network

Quality of Service
Additional IRAT Mobility

Inter RAT Handover to WCDMA


S1 Flex
SON
BTS Auto Connectivity
BTS Auto Configuration
NetAct Optimizer for LTE
Automatic Neighbor Relation
Self Healing
Flexi System Module: FSMD
77 km Cell Range
Frequency Bands:
2100 MHz
1700/2100 MHz
1800 MHz
900 MHz
800EU MHz (Digital Dividend)
Synchronization from Ethernet

Voice over LTE Solution


Multiple EPS Bearers
Inter RAT Handover to eHRPD
NACC to GSM
CS Fallback
Single Radio Voice Call Continuity
SON NetAct Optimizer Self
Optimization
Bandwidth: 1.4, 3 and 15 MHz
Frequency Bands:
1900 MHz
850 MHz
Up to 6 Cells per Flexi BTS
RF Sharing GSM - LTE

Spectral Efficiency
Maximization

Support of Higher Order MIMO

4x2
4x4
4 Way RX Diversity
TTI Bundling
SON - Mobility Robustness
Optimization
Active Antenna Systems
LTE Femto Solution
RF Sharing WCDMA - LTE
System Sharing WCDMA LTE
Frequency Bands:
1500 MHz
IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stack

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Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC) allows for a service continuity of data
services when changing from a LTE cell to a GSM cell.

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LTE NSN Solution

Planned Milestones for RL Releases


2009

2010

2011

2012

11/09*

RL09

CP 5/10

RL10

C5 3Q/10

CP Q4/10
C5 Q1/11

RL20

CP Q4/11

RL30

C5 Q1/12

Milestones in italics are initial estimates

Nokia Siemens Networks

CP: limited commercial availability


C5: full commercial availability
* Limited Customer trials and terminal IOT tests started
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LTE FDD Release Roadmap (March 2010)


RL09
Available

RL20
Under Planning

RL10
Ready for Contract

RL30
Study Items

RRM / Telecom

RRM / Telecom

RRM / Telecom

RRM / Telecom

Open Loop UL Power Control and DL


Power Setting

Rate Capping per UE (UL/DL)

Support of Multiple EPS Bearers

Transmit Diversity for Four Antennas

Ciphering / Integrity Protection

Support of GBR EPS Bearer

CQI Adaptation (DL)

Inter RAT Handover to WCDMA

Inter RAT Handover to eHRPD

Downlink Adaptive MIMO for Four


Antennas

Link Adaptation by AMC (UL/DL)

Closed Loop UL Power Control

DRX in RRC Connected Mode

TTI Bundling

Support of 64 QAM in DL

S1 Flex

SRVCC to WCDMA

O&M

Fair Scheduler (UL/DL)

SRVCC to GSM

SON - ANR Inter RAT UE Based

Cell Selection and Re-selection

Multi-operator Core Network


(MOCN)

CS Fallback to WCDMA

Intra Frequency Handover via X2

O&M

SON Mobility Robustness


Optimization

Transmit Diversity for Two Antennas

SON -BTS Auto Connectivity

CS Fallback to GSM
Intra LTE Handover via S1

Downlink Adaptive Open Loop MIMO


for Two Antennas

SON -BTS Auto Configuration

Inter Frequency Handover

SON -NetAct Optimizer for LTE

NACC to GSM

O&M

SON -ANR

SON - Automatic Adjacent Cell


Configuration

SON-ANR Inter RAT UTRAN


SON -Self Healing I

Service Differentiation for Non-GBR


EPS Bearer

Online Performance Monitoring


BTS Site Solutions
RF Sharing WCDMA -LTE
System Sharing WCDMA - LTE
4-Way RX Diversity (MRC)

O&M

180W Flexi Multiradio Remote RF

LTE Security

SON ANR Fully UE Based

Frequency: 1500 MHz

BTS Site Solutions

SON ANR Inter RAT GERAN/HRPD

Transport

Flexi System Module: FSMD

SON - Self Healing II

CESoPSN

BTS Site Solutions

77 km Cell Range

Trace Support

Transport Link Redundancy

Flexi System Module: FSME

Frequency: 800EU* 900*, 1800*,


1700/2100 and 2100 MHz,

BTS Site Solutions

IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stack


IP Transport Network Measurements

Transport

Up to 6 Cells with One System


Module

Flexi Transport Sub-Modules: FTIB

RF Sharing GSM LTE

Traffic Prioritization on IP Layer

100 km Cell Range

Flexi Transport Sub-Modules: FTLB

Traffic Prioritization on Ethernet


Layer

Bandwidth: 1.4, 3 and 15 MHz

Ethernet Transport

VLAN Based Traffic Differentiation

Synchronization from GPS

Transport

Traffic Shaping

QoS Aware Ethernet Switching

LTE IPSec Support

Ethernet OAM

NetAct Fault Management


LTE BTS Site Manager
Remote Electrical Tilt (RET)
Management

13 km Cell Range
Bandwidth: 5, 10 and 20 MHz
Frequency: 700 and 2600 MHz
Transport

Nokia Siemens Networks

Frequency: 850 and 1900 MHz

Availability and order of different RF


Module and Remote RF Head frequency
variants pending on market need and
customer orders

Synchronization
from Ethernet
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LTE TDD Mode Roadmap within NSN


2007
2Q/2010

10

2009
4Q/2011

3Q2012

RL05TD

RL15TD

RL25TD

RL35TD

Under Development

Under Planning

Study Items

Research Items

Air Interface Performance


Flat Architecture
Pre-commercial

2008
4Q/2010

High speed Broadband


Self-Organizing Network

Quality of Service
Additional IRAT mobility

Spectral efficiency
maximization

RL05TD is the equivalent to RL09 FDD


RL15TD is the equivalent for RL10 FDD
RL25TD is the equivalent for RL20 FDD
RL35TD the equivalent for RL30 FDD
Basically same features are implemented for FDD and TDD release by release
although special market requirements (China) may lead to changes (i.e. some
features from RL20 can be moved to RL15TD to make our product competitive)

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

Revolutionary Nokia Siemens Networks


Flexi BTS platform
Traditional
macro BTS

Flexi
Multimode
BTS

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The new BTS


offers all the
energy saving,
low cost
deployment
and scalability
benefits of the
Flexi BTS
family.

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LTE NSN Solution

Real life example:

Huge Difference in Conventional Macro BTS site


Volume, Weight, Power consumption
Flexi BTS

Vendor A
Outdoor Macro

Vendor B
Outdoor Macro

Vendor C
Outdoor Macro

Note:
The Same RF and
power configuration

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio BTS for HSPA and LTE


Complete 3-sector BTS possible with two
modules:
- System Module
- 3-Sector RF Module

Software Definable Radio:


HSPA 3Q08, LTE upgrade 2H09

Feederless and distributed sites with RF


module

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LTE NSN Solution

Products for Wide Area Deployment


Flexi RF Module
- each RF module supports up to 3 sectors

OR
Remote Radio Head (RRH)
- each RRH supports a single sector

WITH
Flexi System Module
- provides baseband processing capability for either the Flexi
RF Module or RRH

- provides interface to transport network

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio BTS Modular Site Solution


Flexi Multiradio BTS consists of:

One System Module (FSME or

FSMD):
Equipped with transmission submodule (FTIB or FTLB),

One to four 3-sector RF Modules


210 W 3-sector RF Module has three
70 W Power Amplifiers supporting
one, two or three sectors
OR

One to six Flexi Remote RF


Heads

One optional outdoor capable Flexi


Power Module (FPMA) can house a
maximum of four sub-modules:
One to three optional AC-DC
converter sub-modules (FPAA)

3 Sectors BTS site with optional


AC/DC converter and batteries

One to three optional battery submodules (FPBA)

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi BTS Module Mechanic Parts

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LTE NSN Solution

New level of energy efficiency


A new level of BTS energy efficiency is set with
new Flexi 3-Sector RF module

Flexi 3-sector RF Module in typical WCDMA


operation will now consume only 430W

~1.5
2 kW

2007 Flexi WCDMA BTS


2008 Flexi Multiradio BTS
2010 target for new release

1st
Gen.
3G
BTSs

500 W
Flexi
WCDMA

430W
Flexi
300W
Multi
radio

Based on typical base station site configuration & typical traffic load
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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Base Station installation options

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Wall installation

Floor installation

Pole installation

Inside constructions

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19 cabinet
installation

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LTE NSN Solution

Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Base Station


New level of environmental performance
Superior energy efficiency
Up to 60% less power consumption than 1st generation 3G base
stations
No additional cooling systems needed
Minimum rectifier and battery investment
Safe use of materials
Small size leads to less material used
Complying to latest environmental directives
Site solution fitting the environment
Less visible sites can be selected, more options available
Logistic
Less to transport at each step of manufacturing and distribution, less
energy consumed
Less packaging material used
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TELL:
NSN is continuously working to make environmentally friendly products.
The NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS is a welcome addition to this end.
The Flexi WCDMA BTS has superior energy efficiency due to:
- BTS level energy consumption decreased by improved PA linearity
- For a 1+1+1 configuration (20W per carrier) the energy consumption of
Nokia Flexi WCDMA BTS is less than 750 W. This is 60% less than for
typical 1st generation WCDMA BTS.
- At BTS site level the improvement is even greater as the need for cooling
systems will decreased. This is a great advance in the situation where the
NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS could be installed to outdoor instead of indoor
solution.
Safe use of materials
- Weight of NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS is reduced to 45kg, which is 80% less
than with typical cabinet type WCDMA BTS.
- NSN Flexi WCDMA BTS meets EU ROHS directive. Lead-free soldering
used in manufacturing.
Less to transport, less to manufacture, less waste produced and less packaging
material used

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Example
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

Backhaul

NSN Flexi Multiradio BTS - Based Architecture


BTS Site level
functionality:
O&M
Timing/synch
Transport

RP1,2

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing
RP3

Flexi BTS RF Modules

Flexi BTS System Module

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi BTS System Module designed for multimode


operation
BTS Site level
functionality
O&M
Timing/synch
Transport

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing

Flexi BTS Multimode System Module

HW supports both WCDMA and LTE


Multiband operation
Radio Modules for different frequencies can be
connected to the same system module

Multimode functionality support


WCDMA mode
LTE mode
Under study: WCDMA-LTE concurrent mode

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LTE NSN Solution

RL10

Flexi BTS Multimode System Module (FSME)


Multi standard System Module for LTE and WCDMA
Flexi High Capacity System Module for
HSPA and LTE
Performance and capacity in LTE
mode is subject to 3GPP
standardization and product
optimization
6 sectors deployment requires two
separate system modules

Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with FSME

3 cells

3 cells

3 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput
per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s 150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput
per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

FSME provides capacity for up to 1+1+1 LTE


site with 20 MHz bandwidth with 2TX MIMO

FSME
Outdoor
-35 +55 C, IP55

RL10: support for 200, 400 and 800 active


users respectively in 5, 10 and 20MHz

Volume 25 liters

RL20: up to 840 active users in 20MHz

Weight < 21 kg
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HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX

Nokia Siemens Networks

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Feature ID(s): LTE82

FSMD 400 active users in RL10 and 500 active users in


RL20
Active users: users in RRC Connected ( SRB) and with a
DRB

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LTE NSN Solution

RL20

Flexi BTS Multimode System Module (FSMD)

Cost efficient System Module for


10 MHz BW for 4 cells 2TX MIMO or
20 MHz BW for 2 cells 2TX MIMO

Not available RL10. Can support up to 420 active users in RL20


HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX

HW Capacities with 1 TX SIMO and 2 RX

Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with FSMD

8 cells

4 cells

2 cells

Capacity with FSMD

8cells

4 cells

2 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput
per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s 150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 DL Throughput
per cell

19 Mbit/s

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput
per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput
per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

FSMD
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Feature ID(s): LTE74

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LTE NSN Solution

Baseband capacity by SW License

Flexi Multimode System Module is designed to support


baseband capacity upgrades without site visits.
The LTE Baseband (BB) capacity of the Flexi Multiradio
BTS can be optimized depending of the required traffic
capacity of the site.
More baseband capacity can be allocated remotely
from NetAct by sending Baseband SW License to
Flexi Multiradio BTS.
Capacity can be increased in steps of Mbps.
A second System Module can be connected to the
first System Module, doubling the Flexi Multiradio BTS
LTE baseband capacity.

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LTE NSN Solution

Transmission Sub-Modules (1/2)

Flexi Multiradio BTS backhaul interfaces


are provided by field-replaceable Flexi
Transport sub-modules which are mounted
on top of the Flexi System Module (FSM)
core.

One System Module (FSME or FSMD), can be equipped with one of the
following transmission sub-module alternatives:
Hybrid E1/T1/JT1 transmission sub module (FTIB)
Ethernet transmission sub module (FTLB)

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LTE NSN Solution

Transmission Sub-Modules (2/2)


FTLB
It can support 2 Gbit/s (DL+UL)
throughput including IPSec, taking
into account also encryption of the
intra-eNB link between the two Flexi
System Modules (increases BB
capacity).

FTIB
It is a lower-cost Flexi Transport
sub-modules.
It has a 160 Mbit/s throughput
performance (DL+UL, with IPSec).
This will be sufficient for very many
eNB sites.

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Flexi Transport sub-modules throughput


performance (with IPSec)

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LTE NSN Solution

External Interfaces of the Flexi Multimode System Module

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S1 and X2 interfaces
The connectors for the S1/X2 are located on the front panel of the transmission sub-module (FTxx). The
cables are routed to the side of the System Module. The alternative Flexi Transport sub-module can be
changed on site, for example future transport capacity or feature evolution purposes.
BTS Element Management port
An Element Manager PC can be connected to the management port connector at the System Module,
for commissioning, operations, maintenance, and testing of the BTS. An RJ45 Ethernet connector is
used.
Integrated Ethernet switch for external devices
These four Ethernet interfaces can be used to carry initialization data, control data, and signaling data
from the BTS to any auxiliary equipment that has an Ethernet port and an IP address.
Equipment such as an external Site Support, and microwave radio equipment can also be connected to
the Flexi Multiradio BTS via these ports. The connectors are located in the Flexi Multiradio BTS System
Module.
Interfaces are three 10/100/1000Base-T and one 10/100Base-TX all with RJ45 connectors.
Power feeding
A Flexi Multiradio BTS site has one common DC input power supply that is connected to the System
Module. The System Module distributes DC current to the RF Modules and second System Module
operating in baseband extension mode. The AC connector is at a separate optional Flexi AC-DC Power
Module (FPMA).
External alarms and controls (EAC)
External alarms and control (EAC) signals are used to collect simple ON/OFF external alarms (12) from
any equipment that is external to the BTS. They are also used to provide ON/OFF control signals (6) for
controlling external devices.
External Synchronization Input
When using this HW connector Flexi Multiradio BTS can be optionally synchronized with an external
clock signal (e.g. GPS, 2 MHz or 10 MHz signal). This might be required e.g. in a case when backhaul
transmission over Ethernet does not support reference clock signal or timing packets.
External Synchronization Output
Flexi Multiradio BTS can provide clock reference signal to other co-located BTS nearby (2G, 3G and
future BTS) via MDR14 connector in System Module.

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi 3-Sector RF Modules designed for multimode


operation
BTS Site level
functionality
- O&M
- Timing/synch
- Transport

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing

Flexi BTS 3 Sectors RF Module

HW supports GSM, WCDMA and LTE


Single frequency band, multi-carrier
operation
Capacity in dedicated mode fro:
GSM: 6+6+6
WCDMA: 4+4+4
LTE 1+1+1 @ 20MHZ carrier per cell
Multiradio functionality support the 3
technologies in concurrent mode

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi 3-Sector RF Module - Introduction


RF module includes 3 x 70 W Power Amplifiers which provide 60 W output power
at the antenna connector

Licensing
- RF sector activation license activates 1 sector in 20 W mode
- Possible to have 1 to 3 RF sector activation licenses per RF module
- Additional license keys available for transmit powers of 40, 60 and 8 W
Provides support for up to 1+1+1 configuration
One RF Module can be SW activated and configured
to support one LTE cell with 2TX MIMO 60 W + 60 W.

Same product can be used for WCDMA


Provides support for up to 20 MHz bandwidth
For further technical details, please refer to the Appendix
Licensing
- Basic software activation provides support for 1.4 MHz
- Additional license keys available for bandwidths of 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz
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LTE NSN Solution

UL Sensitivity Power Level

3GPP

Sensitivity
Power Level
(dBm)

3GPP
TS36.104
1 RX
no MHA

Flexi Multiradio LTE BTS


2-way RX
2-way RX
MHA 12 dB
no MHA
With:
-1.2 NF typical
-0 dB feeder loss

-101.5

-108.2

-107.7

1-way RX
no MHA

-105

Tentative current value for 5 MHz and higher bandwidths for each 25
resource blocks of 180 kHz
Reference measurement channel
Values will be finalized after frozen 3GPP LTE specification is available
and RF Module volume production measurements are done.

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi RF Module 1+1+1 with 22 MIMO & 4 Rx


Spare receive ports are used to increase the level of uplink receive diversity
This configuration uses 6 transmit ports and 12 receive ports

4-port antenna
sector 3

4-port antenna
sector 2

Rx4

Rx2

Ant6

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Ant5

Ant4

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Ant3

Ant2

Ant1

Ant6

Ant5

Ant4

Ant3

Ant2

TX1/RX1

TX1/RX1

Rx2
Tx2/RX3

Rx2

Rx4

Tx2/RX3

Tx2/RX3

Rx4

TX1/RX1

4-port antenna
sector 1

Ant1

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations


Available up to 6 LTE cells
(optional 2Tx MIMO)

2Rx Maximum Ratio Cobining


(MRC) diversity supported as
standard

Table presents example of

configurations supported by BTS


HW. Software support will be
according to release roadmap

Example of 3-sector RF Module configurations


with Licenses
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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi LTE Multiband


All 3GPP frequency bands to be
supported according to market need:

Refarming
2G or 3G
by Flexi LTE

2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz,

1.7/2.1 GHz, 700 MHz


850 MHz, 900 MHz,
1800 MHz, 1900 MHz later

Example of site evolution case

System Module
3-sector RF Module for Band A (e.g. 2.6 GHz)
3-sector RF Module for Band B (e.g. 1800 MHz)
3-sector RF Module for Band C (e.g. 900 MHz)

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Nokia Siemens Networks

S1 to AGW
X2 to eNB

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module

r2
r3
r2
r1
r1
r3
cto
cto
cto
cto
cto
cto
Se R x Se & R x Se R x Se & R x Se R x Se & R x
Div
Div
Div
Tx
Tx
Tx

Ant6

Ant5

Ant4

Ant3

Ant2

DC Power supply
input

RX Antenna
connector

TX/RX Antenna
connector

Ant1

Flexi Three Sector RF Module with 3 x 70 W power amplifiers


is 3 x 60 W at the antenna connector

Optical
connections to
System Module

1+1+1 LTE with one RF Module


Up to 2+2+2 WCDMA with only one RF Module
Support for Distributed site up to 20 km from System Module

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi LTE BTS Feederless


Standard Flexi RF Module can be installed close
to antenna for maximal performance
NSN preferred solution!

No feeder looses
Best RF performance because no DL and

UL feeder looses
Easier installation
Only 1 optical or DC cable to tower
No long antenna feeders
Typically 6 for 3-sector site
No MHA/TMAs
Lowest total power consumption

3-sector
3 x 60 W
RF Module IP65

with DC max 200


meters; Optical
20Km

System Module

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio BTS


2Tx MIMO support

MIMO is an optional feature


System Module
add 2nd 3-sector RF Module for MIMO
1+1+1 @ 360 W with 2TX MIMO
Optional TMA/MHAs

Optional easy
capacity upgrade
when and where
needed with MIMO

Optional
TMA/MHA

r3
r1
r2
cto ecto ecto
e
S
S
S

Rx3
Tx2/Rx2
Div
Rx4Rx2
Tx1/Rx1

2nd 3-sector RF Module


System Module
1st 3-sector RF Module

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LTE NSN Solution

System Module
one 3-sector RF Module per sector
60 + 60 W with 2TX MIMO
Optional 4 way UL diversity

Sector 1

Best Coverage and


highest capacity
MIMO remote RF
solution

4-port Antenna

Flexi Feederless BTS 2TX MIMO with 4RX

one Sector (up to six):


2TX MIMO 60 + 60 W
with one 3-sector RF
Module

Rx3
Tx/Rx1
Tx/Rx2

Sector with
extended coverage
(~3 dB)

Rx4
System Module

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LTE NSN Solution

Remote Radio Heads

Part of our product since RL10 (only 800EUversion) mainly

planned for RL20


1RRH supports 1 sector
Supports MIMO ( 2Tx/2Rx): optional software license
Typical NF: 2 dB, guaranteed < 3dB.
40W + 40 W at antenna connector:
20W basic license
8 W and 40 W optional license

Sector 1
Rx/Tx40W

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Nokia Siemens Networks

Div Rx/Tx40W

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LTE NSN Solution

MIMO 2TX with Flexi RRH

RL10

Compact Feederless MIMO site


solution
40 + 40 W MIMO
one Flexi System Module
one Flexi RRH 2TX per sector
no TMA/MHA

40 + 40 W
Sector 1
Sector 2

one RRH

Sector 3

for 2TX MIMO

System Module (LTE mode)

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE - General


3 general approaches to introducing LTE BTS
3 x 60W
3 x 60W

New Flexi can be added


to existing Node B
Does not depend upon
release version of
existing hardware

2 x 40W
1 x 40W

3G BTS

Existing Flexi RF

modules can be shared


between 3G and LTE
Requires release 2 RF
module hardware

2 x 40W
1 x 40W

LTE BTS
(2x2 MIMO)

3G BTS

3 x 60W
LTE System Module

3 x 60W

3G BTS

3 x 60W

3G/LTE RF Module
3G System Module

Existing Flexi RF and

system modules can be


upgraded to LTE
Requires release 2 RF
module hardware

3 x 60W

3G BTS

3 x 60W
3 x 60W

LTE BTS
(2x2 MIMO)

System Sharing (RL40): Concurrent mode WCDMA/LTE with 1 SM FSME(D)


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Concurrent: running both at the same time

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE with WCDMA Example


RF modules belonging to a multiband WCDMA configuration shared with LTE
Impact upon the number of RF carriers allocated to each technology

3 sector RF Module
+ Multimode System
Module

Release 2
hardware

Multiband

System LT

2100
DMA 3 Sector RF
System WC
Module added

WCDMA 2100 2+2+2

2600

2600

2100

2100

DMA
System WC

Multimode
System Module
added

WCDMA 2100 2+2+2


WCDMA 2600 2+2+2

Note: Dual band operation with 1 SM and maximum 6 cells part of


RL30 (i.e. 3 cells in 2100MHz and 3 cells in 260MHz)
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Multiband
Multimode

Release 2
hardware

DMA
System WC

WCDMA 2100 1+1+1


LTE 2100 1+1+1
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE with WCDMA Example 2


Combination of release 1 and release 2 RF Modules
Release 2 RF modules can be shared between WCDMA and LTE

Release 2
hardware

RF Modules: 1 Single +
1 Dual (Rel.1) and
Release 1
System Module (FSMB) hardware

Multiband
System LT
2600

2600

2100

2100

2100

2100

2100

2100

DMA
System WC

DMA
System WC

WCDMA 2100 1+1+1

47

Multiband
Multimode

Nokia Siemens Networks

3 Sector RF
Module added

WCDMA 2100 1+1+1


WCDMA 2600 1+1+1

DMA
System WC
Multimode
System Module
added
WCDMA 2100 1+1+1
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1

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I would be possible to have also LTE 2100 2+2+2

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE with WCDMA Example 3


LTE operating in more than a single frequency band
WCDMA operating in a single frequency band

3 Sector RF Module
2600 MHz + Multimode
System Module

Multiband
Multimode
Release 2
hardware

Multimode
1800
System LT

WCDMA 2600 2+2+2

Multimode
System
Module added

DMA
System WC

WCDMA 2600 1+1+1


LTE 2600 1+1+1

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Nokia Siemens Networks

System LT

2600

2600
DMA
System WC

2600

3 Sector RF
Module 1800
MHz added

DMA
System WC

WCDMA 2600 1+1+1


LTE 2600 1+1+1
LTE 1800 2+2+2

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE with WCDMA Example 4


Based upon Remote Radio Heads (RRH) one per sector
RRH shared between WCDMA and LTE
Introducing LTE impacts the number of RF carriers allocated to WCDMA

Multimode
DMA
System WC
DMA
System WC

40 W RRH with Multimode


System module
WCDMA 4+4+4

System LT

System LT

Multimode System
Module added
WCDMA 2+2+2

E
System LT

2nd Multimode System


Module added
LTE

LTE
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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio BTS Product Concept


GSM BTS

GSM/WCDMA/LTE BTS
WCDMA BTS

LTE BTS

3-sector RF
3-sector RF
Multimode SM
EDGE SM

EDGE SM

RF
Module

3-sector RF

System
Module

EDGE SM

SW

3-sector RF

3-sector RF

Multimode SM

Multimode SM

Multimode SM

GSM/EDGE SW

WCDMA SW
LTE SW

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LTE NSN Solution

Introducing LTE with GSM


Antennas and feeders can be shared with LTE
Combiner required when sharing feeders

Multiradio when using the same operating band


Multiband when using different operating bands
Single Band
Antenna

Multiband
Antenna (I)

Single Band
Antenna

Multi-Band
Combiner

Flexi
MultiRadio
Combiner

GSM
51

LTE

Nokia Siemens Networks

GSM

GSM

LTE

Multiband
Antenna (II)

LTE

GSM

LTE

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LTE NSN Solution

Module Contents

NSN LTE Roadmap


NSN Flexi Multiradio Overview
Flexi Multimode System Module
Flexi 3-Sector RF Module
Flexi Multiradio BTS Configurations
Flexi Multiradio BTS Co-Siting Examples
LTE Terminals

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LTE NSN Solution

LTE UE Categories

All categories support 20 MHz


64QAM mandatory in downlink, but not in uplink (except Class 5)
2x2 MIMO mandatory in other classes except Class 1

Class 1

Class 2

Class 3

Class 4

Class 5

10/5 Mbps

50/25 Mbps

100/50 Mbps

150/50 Mbps

300/75 Mbps

RF bandwidth

20 MHz

20 MHz

20 MHz

20 MHz

20 MHz

Modulation DL

64QAM

64QAM

64QAM

64QAM

64QAM

Modulation UL

16QAM

16QAM

16QAM

16QAM

64QAM

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

1-4 Tx

1-4 Tx

1-4 Tx

1-4 Tx

1-4 Tx

Optional

2x2

2x2

2x2

4x4

Peak rate DL/UL

Rx diversity
BTS Tx diversity
MIMO DL

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LTE NSN Solution

Nokia Internet
Modem

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LTE NSN Solution

Other LTE modems


First commercial LTE certified
devices expected by end 2010

USB dongles and USB


modems are the first to
come

LTE Only Samsung


Modem

LG USB Modem (Cat 3)


Description of LG SW. Source: NE
RL10 P3 Enabling SVU
https://sharenetims.inside.nokiasiemensnetworks.c
om/Open/D417222288

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LTE NSN Solution

Appendix

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (1/9)


Technical properties
OUTPUT POWER
3 x 70 W Advanced Doherty Power
Amplifiers
40% efficiency @ per 70 W PA
Typ. 60 W output power at the antenna
connector
DIMENSIONS & OTHERS
height 3U /133 mm
width 447 mm (19 inch rack)
depth 422 mm / 560 mm with outdoor
covers
Size equal to existing Single and Dual RF
Modules
Weight 25 kg
IP65
Integrated MHA and Antenna tilt support
Integrated VSWR measurement
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Rel1 dimensions 133 x 560 x 447

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (2/9)


Interfaces
DC Power supply input

6 antenna connectors:

7/16

Optical OBSAI RP-3 interfaces:

Duplex LC connector
with SFP cage

RX Antenna
connector

TX/RX Antenna
connector

multi mode fibre & SFP (200 m) or


single mode fibre & SFP (up to 40 km)
Power-supply connector:

2-pin Multibeam Connector

All connectors and cables IP65 class outdoor


Fans NEBS 3 saltfog certified

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Optical
connections to
System Module

RA4120AEN10GLA0

Rel1 dimensions 133 x 560 x 447

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (3/9)


Supported transmitting bandwidth in WCDMA Mode

Each Tx branch supports adjacent frequencies

All 70 W Power Amplifiers have


their own separate max 20 MHz(*
bandwith to support 4 carriers

WCDMA carriers
Sector 1 shown
(2 and 3 identical)

3x70 W RF Module

Tx/RX
f1

f2

f3

f4

Max 20 MHz
(* bandwidth subject to 3GPP specification and RF module variant
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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (4/9)


Supported transmitting bandwidth in LTE Mode

All 70 W Power Amplifiers have


their own separate max 20 MHz(*
bandwith to support LTE cell

LTE cell
Sector 1 shown
(2 and 3 identical)

3x70 W RF Module

Tx/RX
f1

1.4/3/5/10/15/20 MHz
(* bandwidth subject to 3GPP specification and RF module variant
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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (5/9)


Typical power consumption values with various load (all three sectors active)
(estimate of existing 2.1 GHz variant, WCDMA mode) (*

20 W mode, 3 sectors
10 %

50 %

100 %

275 W

355 W

435 W

40 W mode, 3 sectors
10 %

50 %

100 %

365 W

540 W

700 W

60 W mode, 3 sectors
10 %

50 %

100 %

385 W

620 W

840 W

(*

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may differ at different RF module variants


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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (6/9)


Practice

power-supply:
cooling:
temperature range:
mounting scenarios:
ingress protection:
wind load:

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Nokia Siemens Networks

-48V DC (-40.5...-57.0 V)
With two redundant fans (separately changeable from back)
-35 C ... +55 C
wall, pole, floor, 19 inch rack, BTS or BBU cabinet etc.
IP65
67 m/s

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10% load

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (7/9)


RF Parameters

Standard:
Multiradio (WCDMA/HSPA
and LTE) RF variants
Multiradio (GSM/EDGE,
WCDMA/HSPA and LTE)
RF variants
number of RF paths:
number of sectors:
TX output power:
Bandwidth TX path:
Bandwidth RX path:
# of carriers supported:
Receiver sensitivity:
acc.TS25.141
Available Power modes:
(* bandwidth

63

3GPP TS25.104 and TS36.104


2600, 2100, 1700/2100, 1500, 700 MHz
800, 900, 1800 and 1900 MHz

6 RX paths, 3 TX paths
3 with 2-way RX Div
60W at antenna connector (60 W target for 700 MHz variants)
max 20MHz (* across the whole 3GPP bandwidth
max 20MHz (* across the whole 3GPP bandwidth
up to 12 (WCDMA), 3 (LTE)
< -125.6 dBm (1 RX path WCDMA mode)
< -128.6 dBm (2 RX Diversity WCDMA mode)
60 W, 40 W, 20 W, 8 W

subject to 3GPP specification and RF module variant

Nokia Siemens Networks

Note: Availability and order of different RF Module


frequency variants pending on market need and customer
orders

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Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (8/9)


WCDMA mode SW Licenses
Existing licenses
RAN1002LK
RAN1144LK
RAN1001LK
RAN905LK
RAN906LK
RAN907LK
RAN 908LK

Flexi WCDMA BTS 40 W Power LK


Flexi WCDMA BTS 8 W Power LK
Flexi WCDMA BTS Multi Carrier LK
Flexi WCDMA BTS Nokia MHA Support LK
Flexi WCDMA BTS 3GPP Ant Tilt Support LK
Antenna Line Supervision LK
Flexi WCDMA BTS AISG MHA Support LK

New License
RAN1440LK

Flexi WCDMA BTS Branch Activation LK

Branch activation license activates one sector (TX/RX and RX) in 20 W power mode
13 Branch activation licenses per 3-sector RF Module
RAN1725LK

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Flexi WCDMA BTS 60 W Power LK

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module (9/9)


LTE Mode SW Licenses (tentative)
LTE HW Activation licences
Basic SW Activation Cell bandwidth 1.4 MHz
Cell bandwidth 3 MHz LK
Cell bandwidth 5 MHz LK
Cell bandwidth 10 MHz LK
Cell bandwidth 15 MHz LK
Cell bandwidth 20 MHz LK
RF sector/Branch Activation LK

Branch activation license activates one sector (TX/RX and RX) in 20 W power mode
13 Branch activation licenses per 3-sector RF Module
Flexi LTE BTS 40 W Power LK
Flexi LTE BTS 60 W Power LK
Flexi LTE BTS 8 W Power LK
Flexi BTS Integrated MHA Power Feeding LK
Flexi BTS AISG MHA Support LK
Flexi BTS 3GPP Antenna Tilt Support LK
Antenna Line Supervision by return Loss measurement LK (VSWR measurement)

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LTE NSN Solution

Flexi Multiradio 3-Sector RF Module - Nomenclature


FRz_ Flexi Multiradio RF Module for WCDMA/HSPA and LTE
4th running letter is the production version of the band z modules
3rd letter z is the frequency band:
B = 700 MHz (upper 700 MHz, 3GPP band 13)
G = 2100 MHz (3GPP band 1)
H = 2600 MHz (3GPP band 7)
I = 1700/2100 MHz (3GPP bands 4 and 10)
J = 1500 MHz (3GPP band 11)
K = 2000 MHz
L = 700 MHz (lower 700 MHz, 3GPP band 12 and 17)
M = E800 MHz, Digital Dividend (band in 3GPP not yet allocated)
FXz_ Flexi Multiradio RF Module for GSM/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and LTE,
4th running letter is the production version of the band z modules
3rd letter z is the frequency band:
C = 850 MHz (3GPP bands 5 and 6)
D = 900 MHz (3GPP band 8)
E = 1700 & 1800 MHz (3GPP bands 3 and 9)
F = 1900 MHz (3GPP band 2)

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