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Energy Performance

Benchmarking Report For:

Example NJ Office Building
100 Efficient Way
Secaucus, New Jersey 07094

Prepared by:

TRC Energy Services, NJCEP C&I Marketing Manager

Report Generated May 20, 2014

Table of Contents
Background............................................................................................................................ 3
Building Energy Use Data
Table 1: Building Summary ................................................................................... 4
Table 2: Monthly Electricity Use & Demand ........................................................ 5
Table 3: Monthly Natural Gas Use ........................................................................ 5
Table 4: Carbon Emissions .................................................................................... 6

Analysis Results
U.S. EPA ENERGY STAR Score ....................................................................... 6
Energy Benchmarks & Comparisons ..................................................................... 7
Energy Consumption & Utility Costs .................................................................... 8
Recommendations .................................................................................................. 9

Programs & Incentives

New Jersey's Clean Energy Program ................................................................... 11
Applicable Programs By Building Type .............................................................. 11
SmartStart Building Program ............................................................................... 11
Local Government Energy Audit Program (LGEA) ............................................ 12
Direct Install Program .......................................................................................... 13
Pay For Performacne Program ............................................................................. 14

Please note this report is based on self-reported data, interpreted at a high level and prepared to
disseminate valuable information on how energy is used, potential for energy saving and guidance on
applying for relevant NJCEP incentives.
Be aware the metrics and scores shown in this report are based upon applicant supplied utility and
building information only. Any information not provided to TRC by the applicant will not be
represented in the following pages. In addition, to receive recognition for EPA scores above a 75 a site
visit conducted by a licensed professional engineer would be required.
This is not an engineering report or an investment grade audit.
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New Jersey's Clean Energy Program, administered by the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities,
supports building owners and facility managers in their pursuit of energy efficiency and sustainability.
This benchmarking assessment is designed to help you:

Understand how energy is consumed and cost trends at each building.

When possible, if there is sufficient comparative data, see how these building(s) compare
to other similar buildings.
Identify opportunities for improving operations, reducing costs and participating in
relevant Clean Energy incentive programs.

The analysis was based on the information provided on the Building Data Request Form submitted,
which included building, energy supplier and other information. The buildings utility bills were also
used to assess its electricity and heating fuel consumption for the year(s) provided. A summary table of
your buildings energy use and cost information is provided in Table 1.
If your building type fits either the EPAs ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager or EPA EPI models,
then its energy performance was compared to national data for similar buildings. The five major
benchmarks used to analyze building performance include: electricity use; heating fuel use; weathernormalized heating fuel use; total cost; and total cost per resident, all of which have been normalized
for comparison by square footage and weather. If an ENERGY STAR benchmark was conducted, a
more detailed description of your buildings specific score is available in the Analysis Results section
of this report.
Not all buildings fall within a well-represented peer group nor are all buildings able to receive a
benchmarking comparative rating. Buildings for which no model was available will still receive an
energy performance analysis and recommendations for improvements to lower energy use and increase
building operations. Please note all information provided to this program is confidential.
Tables 2 and 3 track your facilitys monthly electricity use, electricity demand and natural gas use
figures. Although the monthly usage graphs do not include comparisons with other similar buildings in
New Jersey or nationwide, they give you a clear picture of how your building consumes energy over
the course of a year. Monthly figures are useful for anyone who is interested in conducting an onsite
energy audit. Table 4 presents the building's carbon footprint.
The last two sections of this report include some recommended next steps and information on other
offerings available through the New Jersey Clean Energy Program to support your energy efficiency
projects both technically and financially.

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Building Energy Use Data

Table 1: Building Summary
Building Data
Weather Zone

Newark, NJ

Building Name

NJ Office Building

Zip Code


Year Built


Floor Area (sq.ft.)

No. of Employees


Number of PCs


Weekly Operating Hours


Months Used


Percentage Heated


Percentage Cooled



Utility Data
Data End Point


Total Cost ($)


Electricity Usage (kWh)


Electricity Cost ($)


Natural Gas Cost ($)


Natural Gas Usage (therms)

Fuel Oil Usage (gal)


Fuel Oil Cost ($)


Energy Usage
EPA Score


Electric Usage (kWh/sq.ft.)


Natural Gas Usage



Weather Adjusted Natural

Gas Usage (Btu/sq.ft./HDD)


Site Energy (kBtu/sq.ft.)


Source Energy (kBtu/sq.ft.)


Environmental Impact Indicators

Carbon Emissions
Last Year Natural Gas
MtCO2e (tons)
Last Year Electricity
MtCO2e (tons)


Last Year Total MtCO2e (tons)

Efficiency Savings Over Previous
Year MtCO2e (tons)


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Table 2: Monthly Electricity Use & Demand

Electricity Use & Max Demand Per Month

Max Demand














Table 3: Monthly Natural Gas Use

Natural Gas Use Per Month
Natural Gas Usage








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Table 4: Carbon Emissions

Carbon Footprint (Emissions In Metric Tons)
Total Carbon Emissions

Carbon Produced (MtCO2e)






Analysis Results
Your building was benchmarked using the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agencys, Portfolio Manager software for similar facilities. The score is provided
by the EPA ENERGY STAR Program. The impact of factors outside of your
control (such as location, occupancy, and operating hours) are removed, providing a
1-100 ranking of a buildings energy performance relative to the national building
market. A score of 50 represents the national average, and a score of 100 is best.
Buildings that achieve a score of 75 or higher are eligible for EPAs ENERGY
STAR Building Label, the national symbol for protecting the environment through
energy efficiency.
The Example NJ Office Building received an EPA benchmark score of 39. EPA Portfolio Manager
recognizes this facility as an office building considering that over 50% of your facility is used for that
purpose. Using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys building type guidelines, this score is
below average when compared to other office buildings in the United States.

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Energy Benchmarks & Comparisons:

As stated on the previous page, the Example NJ Office Building was benchmarked using the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agencys Portfolio Manager. Energy intensities, emissions and national
average comparisons are calculated using this software.


National Average
Office Building

Site Energy Intensity (kBtu/ft2)



Source Energy Intensity (kBtu/ft2)



Energy Intensity

Your Building

Site Energy Intensity score is a measure of a buildings annual energy utilization per square foot. The
Site Energy Intensity score calculated for the Example NJ Office Building is 115.8 kBtu/ft2. This
calculation is completed by converting the fuel usage consumed by the building for one year, to British
thermal units (Btu) and dividing this number by the square footage of the building. Site Energy
Intensity score is a good measure of a buildings energy use and is utilized regularly for comparison of
energy performance for similar building types.
Building Site Energy Intensity = (Electric Usage in kBtu + Natural Gas in kBtu)
Building Square Footage (ft2)

The estimated average Site Energy Intensity score for a building of similar square feet, type and usage
is 103.0 kBtu/ft2. Therefore, the Example NJ Office Building is performing slightly below average
when compared to similar office buildings in the United States.
Source Energy Intensity score is a combination of the buildings energy usage in addition to the
transmission, delivery and production losses, this calculation is an estimated complete assessment of
energy required to operate the building.
Building Source Energy Intensity = (Electric Usage in kBtu X SS Ratio + Natural Gas in kBtu X SS Ratio)
Building Square Footage (ft2)

The Source Energy Intensity score calculated for the Example NJ Office Building is 296.0 kBtu/ft2.
The estimated average source energy intensity score for a building of similar square feet, type and
usage is 263.0 kBtu/ft2. Therefore the Example NJ Office Building is below average in regard to the
complete assessment of the energy required to operate the building.
The results convey that the Example NJ Office Building is less efficient when compared to similar
facilities nationwide. This is mostly due to the high electric use within this facility. Although
improvement is needed, both Site and Source Energy Intensities are within reasonable range for a
facility of this size. If the Example NJ Office Building could conserve 10% of energy through its
electric consumption, it may be enough to bring this facility to above average status. Additionally a
10% reduction in electric use would result in approximately $40,000 in cost savings.

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Energy Consumption & Utility Cost:

For the Example NJ Office Building, the electrical usage per square foot was calculated to be 22.3
kWh. This means that over the course of the past year, the facility consumed 22.3 kWh per square foot
in electricity. This amount of electricity usage is high for an office building. If not already in use,
ENERGY STAR products, LED and other lighting technologies would reduce the power demand
needed and lower monthly electricity bills.
Further analysis of the facility does show the propertys electricity rate is less than the State average.
Therefore, it most likely would not be beneficial to contact your electricity provider or a third-party
provider to discuss rate options.
Electricity Usage & Cost
Annual Cost ($)
Annual Usage (kWh)
Annual Surface Area Usage (kWh/ft2)
Average Annual Cost ($/kWh)
NJ Average Electricity Price ($/kWh)

Your Building

For the Example NJ Office Building facility, the natural gas usage per square foot was calculated to be
39.5 kBtu. This means that over the course of the past year, this facility consumed 39.5 kBtu per
square foot in natural gas. Reviewing these indicators is relatively straightforward. If your buildings
natural gas use is much higher than average, an audit of your heating system along with your building
envelope - doors, windows, roof - is recommended. Fortunately, your annual natural gas usage is low
compared to other facilities of this size in the same weather conditions.
Using the data as provided to us, analysis does show the propertys natural gas rate to be higher than
the State average. Therefore, it may be beneficial to contact your natural gas provider or a third-party
provider to discuss rate options.
Natural Gas Usage & Cost
Annual Cost ($)
Annual Usage (therm)
Annual Surface Area Usage (kBtu/ft2)
Average Annual Cost ($/therm)
NJ Average Natural Gas Price ($/therm)

Your Building

Even with the higher than average natural gas rate, total energy cost is calculated to be $3.63 per
square foot. With the utility information given (shown above), The Example NJ Office Building
performs close to average in regard to energy cost compared to other facilities in the New Jersey utility
territory. Improvements could be seen in the amount of electricity consumed however. Reducing the
amount of electricity consumed would, in turn, significantly reduce cost.

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Energy efficiency is a critical need as utility prices continue to rise. Since the inception of the New
Jersey Clean Energy Program in 2003, the price of natural gas has nearly doubled in New Jersey,
driving similar increases in electricity prices, while oil prices have been wide ranging and extremely
volatile. New Jersey's Clean Energy Program is designed to help building owners save energy by
providing significant financial and technical support. Accordingly, buildings that have participated in
energy benchmarking programs in other States have shown a decrease in overall energy use of
approximately 20%. We hope the following recommendations will help you reduce your energy
consumption as well.
The Example NJ Office Building is performing below average when compared to similar office
facilities nationwide through the EPAs Portfolio Manager building rating system. A reduction of the
site energy usage at this facility of 39.7 kBtu/square foot would be needed to achieve ENERGY
STAR Building Label recognition. Based on the results, the following program and associated
systems and equipment upgrades are suggested:
Recommended NJ Clean
Energy Program

Pay for Performance


Systems & Equipment Covered

Lighting Upgrades
Lighting Controls
Refrigeration Controls
HVAC & Boiler Upgrades
Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) & Controls

The Pay for Performance Program helps building owners and facility managers take a
comprehensive, whole-building approach to saving energy and earning incentives that are directly
linked to savings.
In addition to the program recommendation above, following are several steps that can be implemented
to reduce energy consumption at no-cost to the Example NJ Office Building:

Reducing set point temperatures for periods when the building will be unoccupied, such as
nights weekends and holidays. Typically for each degree setback 1-3% energy savings are
realized, 8 to 10 degrees is the recommended set-back for unoccupied periods.

Educate employees to turn off lights when rooms are unoccupied. Turning things off seems
simple, but remember that for every 1,000 kWh that you save by turning things off, you save
more than $100.00 on your utility bill.

It has been noted that Example NJ Office Building has over 35 computers. The EPA offers free
computer power management software which can save as much as $50 per computer per year,

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Saving energy helps protect the environment. Every 1,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity saved reduces
the amount of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) from entering the atmosphere by 1,000 pounds per
year. It also has a dramatic effect on your companys bottom line. For every extra dollar your company
spends on energy costs, your company needs to generate $10.00 worth of revenue (assuming your
company operates on a 10% profit margin).
Office equipment uses a substantial amount of energy. This is why turning equipment off when it is not
needed and purchasing energy efficient ENERGY STAR equipment is so important. Studies have
shown that 30% of office workers leave their computers on at night. If you have difficulty getting
workers to cooperate, provide reminders such as putting up posters, including reminders in newsletters
or sending group emails.
Lighting consumes approximately 40% of the energy used in an office building. Fortunately there are
excellent technologies that have been developed to reduce the amount of energy needed to light an
office building. Adding occupancy and photo sensors ensures that the lights are never left on when
they are not needed. Occupancy sensors can reduce lighting runtime by 2/3s leading to significant
savings. Occupancy sensors should be installed in all areas that are not continuously occupied and/or
are not frequently used such as libraries, conference rooms, gymnasiums, cafeterias, restrooms, etc.
HVAC systems typically account for 33% of a buildings energy load. We recommend ensuring that
your HVAC system is properly tuned. A poorly tuned HVAC system can cause the ventilation system
of a building to work against the heating system by over ventilating the building. Introducing such
measures as Demand Control Ventilation and Economizers cause the HVAC system to run only when
building occupancy and indoor air quality levels require ventilation, reducing energy loads. If these
measures are already being used in this facility it is important that they are routinely maintained to
ensure proper operation of these systems. Routine maintenance of these systems prolongs their life and
reduces costs. Check air-conditioning temperatures, with a thermometer, check the temperature of the
return air going to your air conditioner and then check the temperature of the air coming out of the
register that is nearest the air-conditioning unit. If the temperature difference is less than 14 degrees or
more than 22 degrees, have a licensed technician inspect your air-conditioning unit. Change the filters,
filters should be changed on a monthly basis and more often if you are located next to a highway,
construction site or other site where the air is dirtier than usual. Check the cabinet panels on a quarterly
basis, make sure the panels to your rooftop air-conditioning unit are fully attached, with all screws in
place and all gaskets intact so that no air leaks out of the cabinet. Chilled air leaking out can cost $100
per rooftop unit per year in wasted energy. Clean the condenser coils, check the condenser coils
quarterly for either man-made or natural debris that can collect in them and at the beginning and end of
the cooling season, thoroughly wash the coils.
If you could conservatively reduce your total energy use by 10%, the Example NJ Office Building
located at 100 Efficient Way could save up to $47,100 each year.
These suggestions should be helpful in making informed decisions on how to proceed with
improvements to your building. However, remote benchmarking analysis is not a substitute for onsite
building energy auditing. Please call us at 866-NJ-SMART (866-657-6278) or log on to to find out how NJCEP programs can help you save money and
improve building energy performance.

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Programs & Incentives

New Jerseys Clean Energy Program:
New Jersey's Clean Energy Program (NJCEP) promotes increased energy efficiency and the use of
clean, renewable sources of energy including solar, wind, geothermal, and sustainable biomass. The
results for New Jersey are a stronger economy, less pollution, lower costs, and reduced demand for
electricity. NJCEP offers financial incentives, programs, and services for residential, commercial, and
municipal customers. The following pages contain current options available under the program.

New Jerseys Applicable Programs By Building Type:

C&I Building Type


Small Business

Large Business

K-12 Education

Higher Education

Small Industrial

Large Industrial




Local Government


Pay for

Direct Install

New Jerseys SmartStart Buildings Programs:

NJ SmartStart Buildings provides generous and easy to access
financial incentives, for energy efficient measures including highefficiency lighting and lighting controls, heating and cooling
equipment, water heating, motors and variable frequency drives. The
program is available to address the new construction and renovation needs of businesses, schools,
municipalities, multifamily buildings, and other commercial and industrial facilities.
For large projects (over 50,000 sq. ft.) that are in the conceptual stage, a program representative will
work with your design engineering team to implement an integrated approach that maximizes facility
quality and energy efficiency. This three-step process incorporates design incentives to offset project
engineering fees related to the analysis of premium-efficiency alternatives.

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Incentives: Financial incentives for qualifying equipment are available through NJ SmartStart
Buildings in either Prescriptive Incentives or Custom Incentives. These incentives were developed to
help our customers offset some of the added cost to purchase qualifying energy-efficient equipment,
which provides significant long-term energy savings.

Prescriptive Incentives - Provides preset incentives to install energy-efficient equipment.

Eligible gas and electric equipment incentives include: lighting and controls, Unitary HVAC,
differential enthalpy economizer controls, motors, variable speed drives, furnaces and hot water
heaters, and more.

Custom Incentives - Custom measures allows program participants the opportunity to receive
technical assistance to qualify and receive an incentive for unique energy-efficiency measures
that are not on the Prescriptive Equipment Incentive list, but are project/facility specific.

Qualifying equipment (depending on type, size and efficiency) include: electric chillers, gas cooling,
HVAC, ground source heat pumps, gas heating, variable frequency drives, natural gas water heating,
premium motors, prescriptive and performance lighting, and custom gas and electric projects.
For additional information on the SmartStart Building program visit,
email, or call 1-866-NJSMART.

New Jerseys Local Government Energy Audit Program:

All across New Jersey, residents and business owners are looking for ways
to save energy and the environment. Now local governments, as well as NJ
State Colleges and Universities, and certain non-profit agencies can take a
leadership role by participating in the Local Government Energy Audit
(LGEA) Program offered as part of New Jersey's Clean Energy Program.
Eligibility: The LGEA Program targets municipal and local government owned facilities including, but
not limited to, offices, courtrooms, town halls, police and fire stations, sanitation buildings,
transportation structures, schools and community centers. All municipalities and other local
governments located in New Jersey are eligible as well as 501 (c)(3) non-profit agencies. The Program
requires that participating local government agencies pass a resolution enabling submittal of the
program application. Facilities as described above, with a peak electric demand higher than 150 kW in
any of the preceding twelve months are eligible to participate in LGEA.
Incentives: The Program will subsidize 100% of the audit cost, subject to an annual $100,000
incentive cap. When your audit is complete, you'll have a list of recommended, cost-effective energy
efficiency measures and facility upgrades that will reduce operating expenses and, in many cases,
improve the health and productivity of the buildings' occupants. Of course, most of those measures will
be eligible for additional incentives available through the NJ SmartStart Buildings Program, Direct
Install or Pay for Performance.
For additional information on the LGEA program visit, email, or call 1-866-NJSMART.
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New Jerseys Direct Install Program:

Sometimes, the biggest challenge to improving energy
efficiency is knowing where to start and how to get through
the process. Created specifically for existing small to
medium-sized facilities, the Direct Install Program is a
turnkey solution that makes it easy and affordable to
upgrade to high efficiency equipment. Direct Install is designed to cut your facilitys energy costs by
replacing lighting, HVAC and other outdated operational equipment with energy efficiency
alternatives. The program pays up to 70% of retrofit costs, dramatically improving your payback on
the project.
The benefits of the Direct Install Program include: Minimal Cost, your share of the projects cost
will be approximately 30%, the program pays the remaining 70%. With incentives so dramatic, your
upgrade project can very quickly pay for itself. Fast Turnaround Time, project installations are
typically completed within 90 days from the time of scheduling your energy assessment. Ongoing
Savings, your new energy-efficient equipment will provide savings for years to come through reduced
energy costs on your monthly utility bills.
Eligibility: Facilities with a peak electric demand that did not exceed 150 kW in any of the preceding
twelve months are eligible to participate in Direct Install. Facilities must be located in New Jersey and
served by one of the states public, regulated electric or natural gas utility companies. Equipment
categories eligible for incentives include: lighting, HVAC, natural gas, refrigeration and variable
frequency drives. Specific equipment eligible in these categories must be listed on the programs
eligible measure lists and also qualify based on the cost-effectiveness of energy savings versus cost as
determined by the energy assessment. Boilers may not exceed 500,000 Btuh and furnaces may not
exceed 140,000 Btuh. Limitations on packaged HVAC, motors and other equipment also apply. Larger
capacity equipment may be eligible for financial incentives through NJ SmartStart Buildings.
Incentives: Contractors will perform energy assessments and equipment inventories using program
software to identify energy efficiency measures eligible for incentives and will then install qualifying
measures according to an installation agreement signed by you, the customer. The program pays up to
70% of retrofit costs. There is a $75,000 incentive cap on each project.
A limited number of participating contractors have been selected through a competitive bidding
process and specially trained and equipped to provide turn-key, start-to-finish program services, which
include helping you complete the application/agreement, performing the energy assessment to identify
eligible equipment replacements, and then replacing the equipment. A list of these contractors located
within your area can be found on the New Jersey Clean Energy website.
For additional information on the Direct Install program visit, email, or call 1-866-NJSMART.

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New Jerseys Pay for Performance Program:

The Pay for Performance Program helps building owners and facility
managers take a comprehensive, whole-building approach to saving energy
and earn incentives that are directly linked to savings. The Pay
for Performance Program is supported by a network of Partners, under
direct contract with you. Acting as your energy expert, your Partner will
develop an Energy Reduction Plan for each project with a whole-building
technical component of a traditional energy audit, a financial plan for
funding the energy efficient measures and an installation schedule.
Eligibility: Existing commercial, industrial and institutional buildings with an average annual peak
demand over 100 kW are eligible to participate including schools, hospitals, hotels and casinos, large
office buildings, multi-family buildings, supermarkets, manufacturing facilities, shopping malls and
restaurants, and 501(c)(3) non-profits of any size can participate. Your energy reduction plan must
define a comprehensive package of measures capable of reducing the energy consumption of your
existing building by 15% or more. The New Construction component is designed for new commercial,
industrial and multifamily buildings with 50,000 square feet or more of planned space. Construct your
building to achieve energy costs 15% below the current energy code with the help of our approved
partners and receive incentives.
Incentives: Pay for Performance incentives for existing buildings are awarded upon completion of
three program milestones and may cover up to 50% of total project cost, or $2 million, whichever is
less. Incentive 1 - Submittal of a complete Energy Reduction Plan prepared by an approved program
partner contingent on moving forward. Incentive 2 - Installation of all recommended measures.
Incentive 3 - Completion of post-construction benchmarking report. Pay for Performance incentives
for new construction projects include Incentive 1 - Submittal of a complete draft Energy Reduction
Plan prepared by an approved program partner. Incentive 2 - Submittal of a complete proposed Energy
Reduction Plan. Incentive 3 - Submittal of complete as-built Energy Reduction Plan. Incentives cover
up 75% of total project incremental cost or $2 million, whichever is less.
ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager: Pay for Performance takes advantage of the ENERGY STAR
Program with Portfolio Manager, EPA's interactive tool that allows facility managers to track and
evaluate energy and water consumption across all of their buildings. The tool provides the opportunity
to load in the characteristics and energy usage of your buildings. You can then assess energy
management goals over time, identify strategic opportunities for savings and receive EPA recognition
for superior energy performance.
Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan Fund (EE RLF): New Jersey-based entities (including 501(c)(3)
organizations) that have received an approved energy reduction plan under Pay for Performance may
be eligible for supplemental financing through the EE RLF. The financing, in the form of low-interest
loans, can be used to support up to 80% of total eligible project costs, not to exceed $2.5 million or
100% of total eligible project costs from all public state funding sources.
For additional information on the Pay for Performance program visit,
email, or call 1-866-NJSMART.

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