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Lesson

Discussing your
interests

Plus Publications
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Cork
Ireland
(t) 353-(0)21-4847444
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Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.

Dialogue

aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Hello once again, and welcome to Learn French by


Podcast. My name is Hugh Nagle and here with me is
Amlie Verdier. Welcome back, Amlie!
Bonjour!
Today, Amlie?
Nous allons parler des loisirs.
Leisure-time activities. Our likes and dislikes, I suppose
you could say. So, what are your interests? Quels sont tes
centres dintrt?
Eh bien, jaime la lecture. Je pense quil est important
de lire. Cela permet dapprendre de nouvelles choses
tout en se dtendant.
Now, just in case our listeners didnt catch all that first
time round, lets hear it again
Bien sr! Bon, alors jaime la lecture. Je pense quil
est []
And one final time
Jaime la lecture. []
Now, today well be looking at some verbs which are
central to talking about what interests us as well as the
things that do quite the opposite! Right at the start, you
said
Jaime la lecture.
Now that verb is easy. Its a regular er verb. That is, its
infinitive ends in er. Lets just make one point about
pronunciation: it sounds like em, not aim. How will we
say He likes surfing?
Il aime surfer.
Or, They like hiking in the mountains?
Ils aiment les randonnes en montagne.
Note that the plural form of the verb sounds exactly the
same as the singular.
Now, lets make one further point. We can put a
second verb in its infinitive form directly afterwards to
form all sorts of combinations. For example: Jane likes to
swim
Jane aime nager.
Or, Jacques likes to tell jokes!
Jacques aime plaisanter.

aimer +
infinitive

Remember!
aimer + infinitive
We can create a wide range of
possibilities with aimer, followed by
the infinitive of another verb:
jaime surfer
elle aime lire
nous aimons visiter des monuments
ils aiment aller au cinma.
aimer
jaime
tu aimes
il / elle / on aime
nous aimons
vous aimez
ils / elles aiment

Or, Adrienne and Zo like to sing


Adrienne et Zo aiment chanter.



Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.

Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.
aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Dialogue

Note that, in each of these examples, the verb following


aimer nager, plaisanter, chanter is in the infinitive.
Tell us more about your leisure-time activities. Parlenous davantage de tes loisirs
Japprcie galement la musique, notamment
les chanteurs de musique traditionnelle franaise
comme Edith Piaf. Jaime couter de la musique mais
aussi chanter! Au dbut, mes parents naimaient pas
trop parce que je chantais comme une casserole!
Lets hear that once again
Japprcie galement la musique []
Now, you said Japprcie la musique. Lets talk for
a moment about that verb apprcier a regular er
verb. Other verbs like ngocier, multiplier, nier are
conjugated in the same way as apprcier. Lets hear a few
examples. How do we say about two businessmen, for
example They are negociating?
Ils ngocient.
How do we say He is negociating?
Il ngocie.
How would we say talking about students doing
arithmetic, for example They are multiplying
numbers?
Les lves multiplient des chiffres.
How would we say talking about the woman who
is doing some calculations She is multiplying two
numbers?
Elle multiplie deux chiffres.
Talking about my parents, how would I say They
appreciate they like classical music?
Ils apprcient la musique classique.

apprcier,
(ngocier,
multiplier, nier)

Watch it!
two forms of the Present in
English, but only one in French:
remember that, in French, theres just
one version of the Present tense. The
following English sentences:
1. They negociate [in general]
and
2. They are negociating [right
now]
are both rendered by:
Ils ngocient in French.
So, to reiterate: theres just one
Present tense in French.

And finally, how would we say that He denies the


facts?
Il nie les faits.
So, in summary, its important to remember that, in the
present tense, at least, the 3rd person singular and
plural forms are pronounced the same, and the final e
is silent, once again.
On another point, you said that, initially, you werent a
very good singer! You had an interesting expression
Oui. Je chantais comme une casserole!

Remember!
Je chantais:
Heres an example of the Imperfect
tense, used when you want to say
that you used to do something,
e.g. I used to be a lousy singer!

comme une casserole thats funny! Normally of


course, une casserole refers to a saucepan.

Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.

Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.

Dialogue

aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Ok. Lets move on. You have other interests, too


Oui. Je mintresse aussi la peinture. Jadore visiter
des expositions Paris ou bien des muses comme
le Louvre ou le muse dOrsay! Je peins ds que jai
un moment de libre!
Je me passionne galement pour le jardinage,
mais on ne peut pas dire que jai la main verte!

expression
avoir la main verte
literally, to have a green hand, that
is to have green fingers (i.e. to be a
good gardener)

Lets hear this again


Je mintresse aussi la peinture []
And one final time
Je mintresse aussi la peinture []
Now, lets look at two expressions you used: Je
mintresse and Je me passionne (pour). These verbs
are known as reflexive verbs. In the first person, we can
hear the reflexive pronoun, me: je mintresse. It was
the same in the case of the expression Je mappelle,
although we didnt mention it before.
We really should remember these verbs: lets take a
few examples to imprint them in our brains! How about:
Im interested in sport?
Je mintresse au sport.

sintresser ,
se passionner
pour

Im interested in painting?
Je mintresse la peinture.
Im very interested in the cinema
Je mintresse beaucoup au cinma.
Hes fascinated with computers and gadgets?
Il se passionne pour linformatique et les gadgets.
Theyre fascinated with gardening
Ils se passionnent pour le jardinage.
Ok, Amlie. Lets talk a little more about your interests.
Est-ce que tu tintresses au sport?
Je ne mintresse pas trop au sport, mais mon petit
ami adore a! Je pense que le foot, cest sa grande
passion! En ce moment, il regarde tous les matchs
de la Coupe du Monde de Football la tl. On
dirait un lgume devant la tlvision! Moi, je naime
pas du tout regarder des joueurs courir derrire un
ballon, a ne mintresse pas du tout! Cest mourir
dennui!
There are quite a few interesting expressions there. Lets
hear that again
Je ne mintresse pas trop au sport []

expressions..
On dirait (un lgume)
That is, Youd say [he was a] couch
potato. (In other words, one would
describe him as a couch potato.)

Cest mourir dennui!


That is, Its deadly boring!

And one final time


Je ne mintresse pas trop au sport []



Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.

Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.
aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Dialogue

Now, you said that you were not too interested. How
did you say that, again?
Je ne mintresse pas trop au sport.

Note!
Remember the word order in
the case of reflexive verbs
used in the negative:

So, Im not too interested in reading, would be?


Je ne mintresse pas trop la lecture.
Now, we have au sport but la lecture. Lets
remember that this happens because of the gender
masculine or feminine of the activity that were
discussing. If were talking about something masculine
le cinma or le sport, for example well have
Je ne mintresse pas au sport.

Je ne mintresse pas

au, la, aux

The reflexive me or m, where it


meets a vowel remains stuck to the
verb (intresser, in this case). The ne
and pas then come before and after
this combination.

On the other hand, if its a feminine activity la lecture,


for example it will be
Je ne mintresse pas la lecture.
Finally, if we have a plural noun des activits
sportives, for example well have aux
Il sintresse aux activits sportives.
Now, we mentioned the World Cup. Theres an interesting
point here, too. The round object that the footballers kick
around the field is called
le ballon.

ballon (m)
balle (f)

On the other hand, in Wimbledon, the tennis players


strike
la balle.
In French, you have a different word for ball in each of
these sports.
Moving on a little, you said before that your sister was
keen on sport. Tu nous as dit que ta sur tait sportive.
Quel genre de sport fait-elle?
Alors, oui, en effet, ma sur est trs sportive. Elle
fait beaucoup de sport. Elle aime beaucoup, enfin,
elle adore faire de lescalade. Elle sentrane trois fois
par semaine : le lundi, le mercredi et le vendredi
Elle apprcie galement la marche pied. Elle fait
souvent des randonnes avec maman le dimanche.

Note!
enfin
Elle aime beaucoup, enfin, elle
adore
= She really likes, in fact, she
loves

Lets hear that one more time


Ma sur est trs sportive. []
And one final time
Ma sur est trs sportive. []

Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.

Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.

Dialogue

aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Theres a key verb here: its the verb faire which is


essential when talking about all sorts of activities. To
take part in a lot of sport is
faire beaucoup de sport.

faire
[+ activities]

To do or participate in judo is:


faire du judo.
To go climbing?
faire de lescalade.
Lets try a few concrete examples: I go climbing:
Je fais de lescalade.
We go climbing:
Nous faisons de lescalade.
They go hiking on Sundays.
Ils font des randonnes le dimanche.

verb
faire [= to do, to make, to take
part in [sport]]

So, lets be sure to remember the conjugation of the verb


faire. Dont forget, its all there for you in the PDF Guide
which accompanies this lesson.
Now, weve already met Elle sappelle and Elle
sintresse. Once again, we meet another of these
reflexive verbs here: elle sentrane she trains. Now,
Amlie, remind us of what I train would be:
Je mentrane

reflexive
verbs

verb

We train
Nous nous entranons

sentraner [to train]


je mentrane
tu tentranes
il / elle / on sentrane
nous nous entranons
vous vous entranez
ils sentranent

The second nous here refers to ourselves. Its a reflexive


verb because we are training ourselves, one might say.
Once again, youll find the full conjugation of this reflexive
verb in the PDF Guide.
Now, in French, on Sundays or on Mondays is
simple, right? We simply say:
le lundi.
That is, we put the definite article le before the day of
the week. Without the article, well be talking about a
specific Monday, for example:
Lundi, je vais chez Marie.
which means: On Monday, [that is, next Monday] Im
going to Maries.



je fais
tu fais
il / elle / on fait
nous faisons
vous faites
ils / elles font

lundi,
le lundi

Remember!
lundi..........................Monday
mardi.........................Tuesday
mercredi....................Wednesday
jeudi..........................Thursday
vendredi....................Friday
samedi......................Saturday
dimanche..................Sunday
In French, the days of the week are
spelled with a small letter when they
appear within a sentence.

Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.

Lesson 06: Friday, June 23rd, 2006


Level: beginner.
aimer + infinitif
apprcier [ngocier, multiplier, nier, etc]
sintresser, se passionner (pour)
au, la, aux
faire [+ activities]
reflexive er verbs
lundi, le lundi

Dialogue

Ok, Amlie, once again, theres a lot of material to digest


in this lesson. To our listeners, dont forget to download
our accompanying PDF Guide from our website at
www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com.
Finally, if youre enjoying our podcasts, why not send
us some feedback? To do that, you can click the link on the
last page of our PDF Guide or visit our website. We look
forward to hearing from you.
So, Amlie, until next time!
A la prochaine!

Now its your turn

If you understood our lesson, then you should be ready for

Vocab extra!

1. We like reading.
2. They like going to the cinema.
3. Hlne is not interested in sport.
4. Jack and Jim are fascinated with information technology [linformatique].
5. They go climbing on Saturdays.
6. He trains twice a week.
7. We train often.
8. She doesnt train.

click!
See the answers at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/answers.htm

Any questions?
Submit them to us at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/question.htm click!

apprendre..............to learn
aussi.......................also, too
avec........................with
bien, eh ~..............well
bien, ou ~..............or indeed
chiffre (m)..............number
chose (f).................thing
comme...................like, as
courir......................to run
dbut, au ~............at the beginning
derrire..................behind, after
ds que..................as soon as
dtendre, se ~.......to relax
galement..............also, too
ennui (m)...............boredom
exposition (f).........exhibition
fois (f)....................time, occasion
grand.....................big
jardinage (m).........gardening
joueur (m)..............player
libre, de ~..............free
loisir (m)................hobby
maman..................mum, mom
marche, ~ pied....walking
moment, en ce ~...at the moment
mourir....................to die
muse (m)..............museum
notamment............notably, mainly
nouveau, nouvelle.. new [adj.]
parce que...............because
penser....................to think
permettre...............to allow
randonne (f).........hike
semaine (f)............week
souvent..................often

Any comments?
Submit them to us at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/feedback.htm click!

Plus Publications, 2006. All rights reserved.