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Lesson

Talking about friends


and family

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Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

Dialogue

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Hello once again, and welcome back to Learn French by


Podcast. My name is Hugh Nagle and here with me is
Amlie Verdier. Welcome back, Amlie!
Bonjour!
Today were going to talk about friends and family. To get
started, Amlie, lets hear a little about your own friends
and family. Well hear what you have to say 3 times, as
usual.
On y va!
Jai une soeur. Ma soeur sappelle Aurlia et elle
a dix-huit ans. Elle habite avec mes parents dans
le sud de la France. Elle passe, cette anne, son
baccalaurat. Je mentends bien avec elle. Elle est
trs littraire, elle aime la musique et la lecture.

Remember!
le baccalaurat
This is the final exam in French
secondary schools. Students
almost invariably refer to this set of
exams simply as le bac.

Now, youre going to tell us a little more later,


but lets deal with the part first. Lets hear that a second
time
Jai une soeur. []

le brevet
This exam takes place at the end of
Junior High School.

And a final time


Jai une soeur. []
Lets look at a couple of things. First you said you had
a sister
Jai une soeur.

The verb
avoir
to have

Verb!
avoir [to have]
Jai.............................I have
tu as..........................you have
il a.............................he has
elle a..........................she has
on a...........................one has
nous avons................we have
vous avez...................you have
ils ont........................they have
elles ont.....................they have

Jai, thats the first person, present tense of the verb


avoir. I have a brother would be
Jai un frre.
I have a boyfriend
Jai un petit ami.
He has a girlfriend
Il a une petite amie.
une petite amie lets hear the difference again
between those two:
un petit ami. une petite amie
Now, your sister, again, her name is
Elle sappelle Aurlia.
Elle sappelle. Now, in our first lesson we met the
expression Je mappelle. This time, we have Elle
sappelle Her name is. Of course, his name is
Il sappelle

sappeler

Remember!
his name is / her name is
il sappelle.................his name is
elle sappelle..............her name is

Lets remember all three of these: Je mappelle,



Plus Publications. All rights reserved.

Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Dialogue

Il sappelle and Elle sappelle


Then you said how old Aurlia was
Oui. Elle a dix-huit ans.
Elle a. Thats the verb avoir, which we must use when
talking about age, right? Your uncle how old is he?
Mon oncle? Il a cinquante ans.

avoir when
saying how old
someone is

And your aunt


Ma tante? Elle a quarante-neuf ans.

We said avoir is the verb


to have
Jai un frre...............I have a brother.
Elle a un chien..........She has a dog.

But this verb is also used when


talking of someones age:

Ok, then. We must remember this: its the verb avoir


when were talking about someones age.
Moving on Aurlia, o habite-elle?
Elle habite dans le sud de la France.

Watch it!

north, south,
east, west

Elle a quarante ans...She is 40.


Paul a quinze ans.....Paul is 15.

Dans le sud de la France, In the south. Now, in the


north is?
Dans le nord
And the west?
Dans louest
And the east?
Dans lest.
Lets hear those one more time In the south?
Dans le sud
In the north
Dans le nord
In the west
Dans louest
And, in the east
Dans lest
Now, on the subject of Aurlias exams cette anne, elle
passe son baccalaurat, nest-ce pas?
Cest exact. Elle passe ses examens en juin.
The verb passer now that could be confusing. It has
several meanings but, in relation to exams, it means to
sit, not to pass! How would you say My cousin is
sitting his law exams?
Mon cousin passe ses examens de droit.

passer to sit
(an exam)

passer
In relation to exams, this verb
means to sit:
Elle passe ses examens en juin.
[She sits (or is sitting) her exams
in June.]

And Carole is sitting her Junior High School exams?


Well, in France, we refer to those as Le Brevet, so we
would say
Elle passe son Brevet.

Plus Publications. All rights reserved.

Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

Dialogue

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Now, you said you get on well with your sister


Oui, je mentends bien avec elle.
Lets hear that one more time
Je mentends bien avec elle.

sentendre
avec to get
on well with

verb:
sentendre avec
This verb means to get on with
[someone]
Je mentends bien avec Philippe.

You could use this expression in relation to your father,


too, right? You would say
Je mentends bien avec lui.

Here are the other parts of the


verb:
Je mentends
tu tentends
il sentend
elle sentend
on sentend
nous nous entendons
vous vous entendez
ils sentendent
elles sentendent

avec lui with him. Once again?


Je mentends bien avec lui.
Now in the case of your sisters, or your brothers, or your
parents, if it were the case that you get on well with them
all, you would say:
Je mentends bien avec eux.

This is called a reflexive verb.


Well be studying these more
closely later.

And one more time?


Je mentends bien avec eux.
avec eux with them. So, to summarise, we have
avec elle, avec lui and avec eux. with her,
with him, with them.
Now, you spoke about the things your sister likes
Oui. Elle aime la musique et la lecture.
Elle aime thats the verb aimer to like. Now we
must remember to use the article le, la or les when
were talking about things in general. Things we like
doing, activities that interest us. We would also have
Jaime le thtre, and so on. Lets try a few more. How
would we say She adores chocolate!?
Elle adore le chocolat!
le chocolat the article is there again. How about My
brother loves football?
Mon frre adore le foot.
Pascale loves reading?
Pascale adore la lecture.
Once again, la lecture, with the article la
accompanying the noun lecture.

speaking
about things in
general

general

things in

You need to include a definite


article (le, la, les) when talking
about things in general.
Jaime le sport...........I like sport.
Elle aime la danse.....She likes
dancing.

verb: aimer
This verb means to like
Jaime........................I like
tu aimes....................you like
il aime.......................he likes
elle aime...................she likes
on aime.....................one likes
nous aimons.............we like
vous aimez................you like
ils aiment..................they like
elles aiment..............they like

Note!
There is a large group of verbs in
French which end in er. Youve
already met a few: habiter, passer,
aimer. They all have the bold
endings (above) in common.



Plus Publications. All rights reserved.

Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Dialogue

Excellent. Now you are going to tell us a little more about


Aurlia
Elle lit beaucoup et elle joue du saxophone et de la
guitare. Elle est aussi sportive: elle fait de lescalade.
Lets hear all that a second time
Elle lit []
And a final time
Elle lit []
Ta soeur, Aurlia, elle lit beaucoup, nest-ce pas?
Oui, elle lit beaucoup.

the verb lire

This is the verb to read

Et toi?
Moi aussi, je lis beaucoup.

Je lis..........................I read
tu lis..........................you read
il lit............................he reads
elle lit........................she reads
on lit..........................one reads
nous lisons.................we read
vous lisez...................you read
ils lisent.....................they read
elles lisent.................they read

Je lis thats the verb lire to read. In the singular,


we have a simple sound: Je lis, tu lis, il lit. In
the plural, its different. If we were talking about several
people, wed say
Ils lisent
Now, Aurlia is musical, right?
Oui. Elle joue du saxophone et de la guitare.

lire

jouer de +
instrument

Du saxophone? De la guitare? Now, what about these


words in front of those instruments? Well, you know that
nouns are either masculine or feminine in French. When
were talking about playing instruments, if the instrument
were talking about is masculine, we say du. If its
feminine, we say de la. Amlie, how should we say Paul
plays the piano?
Paul joue du piano.
du piano because piano is masculine. Pascale plays
the flute?
Pascale joue de la flte.
de la flte because flte is feminine. Jeanne plays
the clarinet?
Jeanne joue de la clarinette.
de la clarinette because clarinette is, again,
feminine. Now we should mention instruments which
begin with a vowel or a mute h. How about Eric plays
the harmonica?
Eric joue de lharmonica.
de lharmonica. Once again, we see that this h is
effectively redundant. It is not pronounced.

Plus Publications. All rights reserved.

Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

Dialogue

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Not only is your sister musical, but shes also a sports


enthusiast.
Oui. Elle est sportive. Elle fait de lescalade.

adjectives
ending in if

adjectives
Adjectives which end in if in
the masculine form normally
change to ive in the
feminine:

sportif keen on sport. We find a number of adjectives


which end in if in French. In the feminine, they change
to ive. So, we get sportif, and
sportive

masculin .................fminin
actif ..........................active
sportif.......................sportive
nocif .........................nocive

Then theres actif, and


active
Nocif, which means harmful or noxious, would
become
nocive
nocive, that is, if we were talking about a feminine
item a chemical, or something which was unhealthy or
whatever.
Now, you said Aurlia lives with your parents
Oui, elle vit chez mes parents.
chez. Thats a very important word. It means (to)
someones place or, to a particular place, without
mentioning the exact location. How would we say My
mother is going to the doctor?
Ma mre va chez le docteur.
chez le docteur to the doctors (place), if you like.
Are you coming to my place?
Est-ce que tu viens chez moi?
And one more time?
Est-ce que tu viens chez moi?
chez moi to my place. Im going to Pauls
place
Je vais chez Paul.

chez

chez
chez means someones place
Je vais chez Paul.
Elle va chez le docteur.

verb!
aller [to go]
Je vais .......................I go
tu vas........................you go
il va...........................he goes
elle va .......................she goes
on va ........................one goes
nous allons ...............we go
vous allez..................you (formal/pl.) go
ils vont......................they go
elles vont ..................they go

chez Paul.
Weve covered a lot today. Dont forget that you
can find all of this information in the accompanying
PDF Guide, available from our website at
learnfrenchbypodcast.com. In our next lesson, Amlie,
were going to talk about
le monde du travail
That is, the world of work. Until next time
A la prochaine!



Plus Publications. All rights reserved.

Lesson 02
Level: beginner.

the verbs avoir, passer and lire


saying how you get on with people
speaking about things in general
talking about playing instruments
adjectives ending in if

Dialogue

Now its your turn

If you understood our lesson, then you should be ready for the following
1. They have a sister. [Suppose that you are talking about Philippe and Marc.]
2. Karl has a girlfriend.
3. Diane has a boyfriend.
4. We live in the north of France.
5. He sits his exams in June.
6. He gets on well with them.
7. We like chocolat.
8. They like sport. [Suppose that youre talking about your brothers.]
9. I play the piano.
10. He reads.
11. Im going to Maries (place).

Vocab extra!
anne (f)................year
beaucoup...............a lot, many
bien sr!.................certainly!
Cest........................thats
ce, cette..................this
droit (m).................law
escalade (f)............(rock) climbing
examen (m)...........exam
faire........................to do
frre (m).................brother
jouer.......................to play
lecture (f)...............reading
littraire.................literary
moi.........................me
mon, ma, mes........my
monde (m).............world
o...........................where
soeur (f).................sister
travail (m)..............work
venir.......................to come

click!
See the answers at http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/FTEW_pages/answers.htm

Plus Publications. All rights reserved.