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ALSTOM Application Guidelines for Industrial Protection 4 — Transformer Protection WINDING POLARITY 2 | | a a Figure 1 ‘The relative polarity of windings sharing a common magnetic circuit is defined in international standards. If the core flux induces an instantaneous emf from a low numbered terminal to a high numbered terminal (for example) in one winding, then the direction of induced emf in all other windings linked by that flux will also be from a low numbered terminal to a high numbered terminal. Note that for transformer action the current flow in the windings is in opposite directions. TRANSFORMER =