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What are the parameters most essential for the rudder torque?
Rudder arrangement, size of the rudder and the vessel s speed.
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Water flow creates...?
Both vertical and side forces
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Witch one of these tree rudders gives the best manoeuvrability, given th
ey have the same size?
Flap rudder
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According to SOLAS, the IMO version steering gear is required for tanker
s with single rudder, when the vessel's size is above:
100.000 DWT (Deadweight tons)
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The IMO version steering gear has a higher degree of safety compared wit
h a standard model becauce:
The IMO version will identify leakage from the actuator, not only the hy
draulic system, and still work.
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When level switch 4 is actuated because of a significant drop of oil lev
el, the following will happen:
The separation process will start
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When shall both power units be in use?
When navigation demand special caution
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How is the movement of the actuator created?
Start at least one power unit and actuate the direction valve.
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What is the purpose of the safety valve?
To protect the actuator against too high oil pressure.
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One of the statements below is not correct, which one?
The ram type steering gears generally work with a lower oil pressure tha
n a rotary type
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from ?

What is the main purpose of the housing, stoppers and cover?


Making boundaries for the pressure chambers.
How is the rotor fixed to the rudderstock?
By friction only
What are the bearings made of?
Brass
What are the bearings lubricated with?
The system oil
In case of any steering gear alarm occurs this can only be acknowledged

The wheel house


Where is the remote rudder angle indicators most often located?
At the bridge
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The steering mode, in which the rudder angle is pre-set manually and kep
t in position automatically, is called?
Follow up
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According to the SOLAS rules the rudder angle velocity should be at leas
t 35-0-30 dgrees in maximum 28 seconds for:
For regular ships, other requirements for special ships.
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According to the SOLAS rules the maximum rudder angle to Port and Starbo
ard should be at least:
35 degrees
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The steering gear's maximum working torque is:
At least the torque necessary to turn the rudder to the maximum required
angle at the vessel's full speed
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21

What is the purpose of the acknowledge function:


Tell the system that the alarm is registered.
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Which one of the situations described below may cause the need for local
steering?
Bridge out of function
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The vessel is offshore on steady course and an order to switch over to l

ocal steering is given. What knowledge will you need in particular?


What you have learnt from the OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS and drilling the em
ergency procedures.
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Which type of valves is actuated in order to move the rudder in case of
local steering?
Directional valves
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Why does the motor stop when it is overloaded?
The motor is equipped with its own overload protection overruling the al
arm system and this has been released.
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ging.

The actuator bearings should be checked


At the regular class inspections, or after grounding
All jobs except for daily and monthly inspections should be done by:
Manufacturers service engineer
Which of the below mentioned parts are normally not exposed to wear or a

Cast iron sealing bars on vanes and stoppers


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Which of the factors do you believe will NOT affect the lifetime of the
brass bearings in the actuator:
Safety valve pressure