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Floating Cover

Floating covers are constructed for various reasons and various design elements are incorporated
into the final design to best accomplish the client's objectives. Objectives of a floating cover may
include an intended reduction in evaporation, impede algae growth, enhance anaerobic digestion,
prevent contamination, control rainwater, collect bio-gas, and control odors. Quality Lining
Company, Inc. has fabricated and installed floating covers for applications ranging from closed tank
applications to reduce oxygen uptake in dematerialized water storage tanks at nuclear facilities to
reservoir covers for municipal water plants.
Properly designed reservoir floating cover systems prevent fluid loss due to evaporation, reduce
chemical demand and improve water quality by preventing contamination from bird droppings,
airborne particulates, dead animals pollen and other pollutants. Floating covers block off sunlight
preventing algae bloom. They also reduce the production of trial methane (THM) type compounds
such as chloroform from forming that result from the combining of organic substances with
chlorine due to reductions in chlorine demand. In anaerobic digester systems, floating covers are
increasingly being used to capture organic gases and to reduce biological oxygen demand (BOD).
Floating covers may be installed in storage tanks with the cover either attached to the perimeter of
the tank or may be designed to float on the surface.

A floating cover can be used to collect rainwater in a wastewater treatment reservoir to shed the
clean water to a location sump that is built into the cover. The rainwater may then be pumped from
the cover. A pond may be downsized as there is a reduction in the amount of water that must be
Agricultural uses include manure storage tanks and reservoirs. There are multiple benefits with
regard to this type of application including odor control, less rainwater to treat, and it can be
designed to collect gases.
Floating covers may be constructed in a modular fashion to connect separate "cells" through a cable
system. By covering most of the surface area odors are reduced and much of the rainfall can be
collected. Another type of cover design utilizes flotation cells with a continuos geomembrane
system that extends into an anchor trench around the perimeter. This type of cover is a barrier to
precipitation, prevents evaporation, eliminates odors, and may be used to collect pond gases for
treatment. In methane producing ponds the cover may be utilized to collect the gas for use as a fuel.

Geomembrane covers are cost effective solutions to covering contaminated soil, agricultural
byproducts, and are used in landfill applications to direct rainwater from the refuse pile to drain
outside the contained area and eliminate the need for water treatment. The geomembrane selected
is based on environmental conditions and what the end user requires regarding life expectancy of
the product.

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