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SCNo.

80/1/14

FIRNo.110/87&141/87
P.SLinkRoadGhaziabad&MuradNagar

INTHECOURTOFSH.SANJAYJINDAL,ADDL.SESSIONS
JUDGEWEST04,TISHAZARICOURTS,DELHI
UniqueCaseIDNo.:02401R0116312002
SCNO.80/1/14(OldNo.44/2/07)
FIRNO.110/87
P.S.: LinkRoadGhaziabad.
FIRNO.141/87
PSMuradNagar
U/S:147/148/149/364/307/302/201/120BIPC
INTHEMATTEROF
StateofUttarPradesh
ThroughSpecialPublicProsecutor
Versus
1

SurenderPalSingh
S/oInchaSingh
R/oVillageKunda,P.SFlawda,
DistrictMeerut,U.P.
PostedasS.I.APPoliceLine,

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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P.SLinkRoadGhaziabad&MuradNagar

Aligarh,U.P.
(Sinceexpired).
2

SureshChandSharma
S/oHotiLal
R/oVillageKhemPur,P.SChandas,
DistrictAligarh,U.P
Postedat41stBn.PAC,Ghaziabad,U.P.

NiranjanLal
S/oSh.DeviRam
R/oVillageHimmatPur,P.SNidholiKalan,
DistrictEta,U.P.
Postedat24thBn.P.A.C,Muradabad.

KamalSingh
S/oSh.SohanSingh
R/oVillageSarondhan,
P.SSikandrabad,DistrictBulandsher,U.P.
Postedat44thBn.P.A.CMeerut.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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KushKumar
S/oSh.JummanSingh
R/oVillageSamasPurNasiv,P.SNaginaDehat,
DistrictBijnor,U.P,
Postedat41stBn.P.A.CGhaziabad.
(Sinceexpired).

RambirSingh
S/oSh.SunderSingh
R/oVillageDebai,P.SDebai
DistrictBulendsher,U.P
Postedat41stBn.P.A.CGhaziabad.

SamiUllah
S/oAliHussain
R/oVillageBharthapatti,
P.SRampurKarkhana,
DistrictDeoria,U.P.
Postedat10thBn.PACJhangirbad,Barabaki,U.P

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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MaheshPrasad
S/oSh.KawleshwarSingh
VillageBharoli,P.SBarhalganj,
DistrictGorakhpur,U.P.
Postedas34thBn.P.A.C.Bhullanpur,Banaras,U.P.

JaipalSingh
S/oSh.DilawarSingh
R/oVillageBhansiP.SKhatoli,
DistrictMujaffarNagar,U.P
PostedatPoliceLineGhaziabad.

10

RamDhyam
S/oSh.SwamiNath
R/oVillageGanawaliP.SMaiel
DistrictDeoria,U.P
Postedat20thBn.PACAzamgarh,U.P.

11

SarwanKumar
S/oSh.RamSuratYadav

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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R/oVillageMahdaeyiaP.SSehjanwa,
DistrictGorakhpur,U.P
Postedat41stBn.PAC,Ghaziabad.
12

LeelaDhar
S/oLt.Sh.SiromoniLohini
R/oVillageBhanarP.SSomeswar,
DistrictAlmora,Uttrakhand.
PostedatPoliceLineGhaziabad.

13

HambirSingh
S/oSh.PanchamSingh
R/oVillageNaglaBatulP.SPaliMukimpur,
DistrictAligarh,U.P
PostedatPoliceLineMuradabad.

14

KunwarPalSingh
S/oSh.FeruSingh
R/oVillageKharodiP.SShamli
DistrictShamli,U.P

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PostedatPoliceLineAlmora.
15

BudhaSingh
S/oSh.LekhRaj
R/oVillageRajakpurP.SNaugawaSehdat,
DistrictAmroha,U.P.
Postedat41stBn.PAC,Ghaziabad.

16

BudhiSingh
S/oLt.Sh.RamjiLal
R/oVillageHarchnaP.SGulawathi,
DistrictBulandshahar,U.P
Postedat41stBn.PACGhaziabad.

17

MohkamSingh
S/o.Sh.GendaLalYaday,
R/oVillageJawaharpurP.SCivilLine,
DistrictEtawa,U.P
PostedatDriverPoliceLineAligarh.

18

OmParkashSharma

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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S/oSh.BharamDutt
R/oVillageJiwana,P.SRamala,
DistrictMeerut,U.P.
(Sinceexpired).
19

BasantVallabh
S/oSh.VishnuDutt
R/oVillagePantKwairaliP.SBageshwar,
DistrictBageshwar,Uttrakhand.

.............AccusedPersons

Datewhencommittedtothe

30.10.2002

21.02.2015

21.03.2015

courtofSessions (Delhi)
Dateofconclusionof
finalarguments
DateoffinalJudgment.

JUDGMENT
1

The present case relates to a horrific incident of targeted

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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P.SLinkRoadGhaziabad&MuradNagar

abductionandkillingofaround42personsbytheofficersofProvincial
ArmedConstabulary(inshortPAC),areservedpoliceforceofStateof
UttarPradesh,onthenightof22.05.1987. Thecaseofprosecutionas
unfoldsfromthechargesheetisthaton21.05.1987therewasadeadly
assaultonProvincialArmedConstabularyinMeerut,U.Pandtworiflesof
PACpersonnelswerelootedbycertainantisocialelements.Onthesame
date, one Sh. Prabhat Kumar Kaushik was murdered in Mohalla Suraj
KundadjacenttoMohallaHashimPurainMeerut.Uponthisameetingof
District Administration Officers including police officers took place.
Consequentuponthaton22.05.1987asearchforillegalarmsinMohalla
HashimPura,Meerutwaslaunched.Curfewwasalreadyclampedinthe
cityMeerut.MissionofarrestandsearchwascarriedoutbytheDistrict
police,PACandtheArmy.644personsfromMohallaHashimPurawere
arrestedu/s107/151/116Cr.P.C. Arrangementsweremadetosend the
arrestedpersonstopolicestationCivilLinesandPoliceLinesMeerutwith
thehelpoftrucksofpolice,PACandmilitary.42personsarrestedfrom
MohallaHashimPurawereputintruckno.URU1493belongingto41 st
battalion PAC. Instead of taking these persons to police station Civil
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Lines, Meerut, they were taken to Upper Ganga Canal, Murad Nagar.
TruckinquestionhadcomefromChowkiPilokhadiandPACjawanswere
beingledbyPlatoonCommanderSurenderPalSingh ofCcompanyof
41st Btn. PACJawans(allaccusedinthepresentcase).Aftertakingthe
said42personsfromMohallaHashimPuratoUpperGangaCanal,Murad
Nagar,thePACJawansstartedfiringatthem. Somewerefiredatafter
makingthemgetdownthetruckwhileotherwerefiredatinthetruck
itself. These Jawans after shooting the persons one by one kept on
throwingtheminUpperGangaCanalwiththeimpressionthattheywere
alldead.Inthemeantime,theynoticedatruckwhoselightsfellonthem
while they were killing and throwing these persons. Apprehending
exposure of the crime, they diverted their truck to Hindon river and
completed the process of killing and throwing, in Hindon waters, the
remainingpersonsroundedupfromMohallaHashimPura. PACtruck
andJawanslefttheplacewiththeimpressionthatallpersonsthrownby
theminthewatersweredead.FromthepersonsthrowninHindonRiver,
oneBabuddinS/oShalil(PW11)survivedonwhoseinformationFIRNo.
(Crime No. 110/87) was registered at 12.20 on the night intervening
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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22/23.05.1987atpolicestationLinkdistrictGhaziabad.Fromthepersons
thrown in Upper Ganga Canal, Murad Nagar, persons named Mujibur
Rehman(PW4),Mohd.Usman(PW3),Zulfiqar(PW1),Naeem(PW2),
Arif and Qamaruddin survived. On the basis of statement made by
MujiburRehman,FIR(CrimeNo.141/87)wasregisteredon23.05.1987
inpolicestationMuradNagar,DistrictGhaziabad. InjuredQamaruddin
diedonwayfrompolicestationMuradNagartohospitalinMohanNagar.
OnedeadbodywasrecoveredfromChhaprolaMinor,UpperGangaCanal
in the jurisdiction of police station Dadri, District Ghaziabad on
26.05.1987. Twelve bodies were recovered from the waters in the
jurisdictionofpolicestationLinkRoad. Onedeadbodywasrecovered
fromthewatersinthejurisdictionofPoliceStationKalyanPuri,Delhi.

Itismatterofrecordthatinthepresentmatter,twoseparate

FIRswereregisteredi.eFIRNo.110/87PSLinkRoadGhaziabad,U.P
andFIRNo.141/87PSMuradNagar,U.P.Videorderdt.24.05.1987of
theGovernmentofU.P,boththeabovementionedmatterswereassigned
to CBCID and joint investigation was carried out. Aftercompletion of
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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investigation,chargesheet/supplementarychargesheetwerefiledbefore
thecourtofSessionsatGhaziabadandtwoseparatecriminalcasesvide
ST1362/2000(inrespectofaccusedpersonsotherthanBasantBallabh)
and ST 1850/2000 (qua accusedBasantBallabh)bothtitledasStateof
UttarPradeshvs.SurenderPalSinghwereregistered.Subsequently,vide
order dt. 27.09.2002 in transfer petition (Criminal No. 321/2002) the
criminal case no. ST 1362/2000 State of U.P vs. Surender Pal Singh
pending in the court of Addl. District JudgeIV Ghaziabad, U.P was
transferred to theDistrict &Session Judge,Delhi byHon'bleSupreme
Court and the same was received by the Sessions Judge Delhi on
30.10.2002andwasassignedtotheLd.PredecessorasSessionscaseNo.
44/02.Thereafter,videorderdt.11.07.2007ofHon'bleSupremeCourtin
transfer petition criminal no. 285/2006, the criminal case vide ST
1850/2000wasalsotransferredtotheDistrict&SessionJudgeDelhifrom
thecourtofAdditionalDistrict&SessionsJudgeIV,Ghaziabad,U.P,the
same was received at Delhi and assigned to Ld. Predecessor on
14.11.2007andwasregisteredasSessionscaseNo.90/07.Since,charges
were already framed against all the accused persons including accused
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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BasantVallabh on24.05.2006i.epriortoreceivingofthecasevideST
No.1850/2000ontransfer,oneorderwaspassedbyLd.Predecessoron
08.01.2008 clarifyingtheeffectoflatecommittalofthesupplementary
challan/caseagainstaccusedBasantVallabh.Itwasobservedthateffect
of receipt of supplementary challan was inconsequential as accused
BasantVallabhhadalreadyjoinedtheproceedingsofthesessionscaseno.
44/02 received by the Session Judge Delhi on 30.10.2002 in terms of
order dt. 27.09.2002 and the Sessions case no. 90/07 against accused
BasantVallabhwasorderedtobetaggedwithsessionscaseno.44/02/07.

Thechargesheetwasfiledagainst19accusedpersonsoutof

which one namely Om Parkash had already expired and proceedings


againsthimwerealreadyabatedpriortoreceivingofthecaseinDelhion
30.10.2002. Subsequently accused Kushak Kumar expired and
proceedingsagainsthimwereabatedvideorderdt.11.02.2005.Thereafter
accused Surender Pal Singh expired on 13.12.2005 and proceedings
againsthimwereabatedvideorderdt.18.03.2006.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Afterconsideration,on18.05.2006,anorderforframingof

charges u/s 147/148/149/201/364/302/307/120B IPC was passed and


formalchargeswereframedon24.05.2006towhichtheaccusedpersons
pleadednotguiltyandclaimedtrial.

At the time of trial, prosecution has examined following

witnesses;
PW1

ZulfiqarNasir

PW2

Mohd.Naeem

PW3

Mohd.Usman

PW4

MuziburRehman

PW5

Dr.S.N.Aggarwal

PW6

Sh.SukhbirSingh

PW7

Sh.RattanSingh

PW8

Ct.Ratanlal

PW9

HCMangeyRam

PW10

HCSuranjanSingh

PW11

Sh.Babuddin

PW12

Sh.DigambarTyagi

PW13

Inspr.VirenderSinghYadav

PW14

SIRamLakhan

PW15

Inspr.AnilKumar

PW16

Dr.JaiPrakash

PW17

Dr.S.C.Mishra

PW18

ACPDayaNand

PW19

Sh.Hafizuddin

PW20

Mohd.Saleem

PW21

Ms.Zebunnisa

PW22

Mr.AbdulHamid

PW23

Mr.ShakeelAhmad

PW24

SIBirbalSingh

PW25

Mohd.Akhlaq

PW26

Sh.S.D.Mishra

PW27

SISripalSinghNagar

PW28

Dr.A.K.Sharma

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW29

Dr.J.Prasad

PW30

Mr.ShakeelAhmed

PW31

Mr.Gaffar

PW32

Dr.A.K.Ratti

PW33

Inspr.RajinderSinghBhagor PW34

Mr.IshwarSingh

PW35

Ct.Rameshwar

PW36

SIV.B.Singh

PW37

Dr.S.K.Lehari

PW38

Sh. Om Prakash Mani


Tripathi

PW39

Sh.RoopSingh

PW40

Sh.RangnathShukla

PW41

Sh.UdaivirSingh

PW42

Sh.BadanSinghYadav

PW43

Dr.SubodhTyagi

PW44

Dr.S.C.Dwivedi

PW45

Ct.AjayPalSingh

PW46

Sh.GajenderSingh

PW47

Ct.DriverPadamSingh

PW48

Sh.JamilAhmed

PW49

Mst.Mehmuddan

PW50

Mr.LaikAhmed

PW51

Mst.Mehrunissa

PW52

Mr.RahisAhmed

PW53

Sh.Jamalluddin

PW54

Mr.ParvezAhmed

PW55

Dr.ZahiruddinAnsari

PW56

Sh.N.U.Ansari

PW57

Sh.SakhawatAli

PW58

Sh.AbdulAlim

PW59

Dr.NaseemZaidi

PW60

Sh.Tanvir

PW61

Md.Jaafar

PW62

Mr.SherAli

PW63

Mr.Fariduddin

PW64

Mr.AnwarAhmed

PW65

Sh.G.L.Sharma

PW66

Mr.Sirajuddin

PW67

Mr.AbdulGaffar

PW68

Sh.AbdulHamid

PW69

Sh.MamChand

PW70

SIRamChandGiri

PW71

Dr.M.K.Singhai

PW72

Inspr. Ranbir Singh


Bishnoi

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW73

Sh.V.K.BNair

PW74

Sh.V.N.Rai

PW75

Sh.KamlendraPrasad

PW76

Sh.YashpalTalwar

PW77

Mst.Hazara

PW78

Mst.Zarina

PW79

Sh.VijayPalSingh

PW80

Ms.SnehlataAggarwal

PW81

SIBhojraj

PW82

Sh.MaheshNarainTiwari

PW83

Mohd.Hanif

PW84

Sh.HariShankarSharma

PW85

Sh.ChanderKantTyagi

PW86

Mr.ParveenJain

PW87

Sh.Mohd.Isa

PW88

Sh.C.P.Yadav

PW89

Sh.SubeSingh

PW90

HCNiranjanLalGautam

PW91

Ct.MayaPrakash

Aftercompletionofprosecutionevidence,thestatementsof

accused persons were recorded u/s 313 Cr.P.C on 23.05.2014 and


additional statements were recorded on 18.10.2014/28.10.2014. All
incriminating material was put to them and they denied the case of
prosecution in general and four accused persons namely Niranjan Lal,
Samiullah,JaipalandMaheshPrasadoptedtoleaddefenseevidenceand
theyexaminedCt.GuleshAli,DW1intheirdefense.

IhaveheardLd.Spl.PPfortheState,Ld.Counselforthe

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victimsand ld.Defensecounsels fortheaccused persons andcarefully


perusedtherecordinlightofsubmissionsmadebeforeme.

Beforeproceedingfurther,itwillnotbeoutofplacetohavea

referencetothestatementsofthewitnessesexaminedbyprosecutionand
documentaryevidencebroughtonrecord.

8.1

SURVIVORS/INJURED/EYEWITNESSES.

PW1ZulfiqarNasir deposedthat on22.05.1987,itwas


Zumma(Friday)andhewasrecitingNamazintheeveningatabout06.00
PMon theroof ofhishousewhenafewmilitarypersons cametohis
house.Furtherthatsaidmilitarypersonstookhimself,hisfather,histwo
unclesandhisgrandfatheroutsidetheirhouseinthestreetontheroadand
thesaidmilitarypersonsmadethemsitonthesaidroadwherealready
400500personsweresitting.FurtherthatpersonsoftheirMohallathus
collectedweresittingonthebothsideoftheroad and hewassittingin
frontofaPeepaltreeandhesawabigforceofmilitaryandPACdeployed
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there,7or8trucksbelongingtomilitaryandPACwerealsoparkedthere.
FurtherthatPACpersonsdividedtheMohallapeopleintotwogroups,
onegroupcomprisedoftheelderlypeopleandthechildrenwhereasthe
secondgroupwasoftheyoungpersons,theythenorderedthegroupof
youngpersonstositintheirtrucks.FurtherthatPACaswellastheArmy
peoplebothtookawaythetrucksafterloadingyoungpersonsfromthe
spot and that both hisChachas andfatherwereinthegroupofyoung
personswhoweretakenawaybyPACandmilitary. He further deposed
thathedidnotknowastowheretheyweretakenaway.Furtherthat,tothe
groupofelderlypeopleandthechildrenleftatthespot,PACofficials
gavedirectionstomaintainpeaceandgototheirrespectivehouses but
beforetheycouldleavefortheirhouses,PACofficialstookoutofthem
theableguardedelderlypersonsandtheboysofhisageandinthisway
about4045peoplewerescrutinizedandmadetositintheonlytruckleft
atthespotonwhich 'PAC' waswrittenandhewasinthesaidgroupof
4045 peoplein thesaid truckandit wasabout 08.00 PM.Further he
clarifiedthatthecolourofsaidtruckwasyellowanditborethewritingin
whitepaint'PAC'.FurtherthatPACofficialsaftermakingussitinthe
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truckgavethemdirectionstokeeptheirheadsdownwardsandnottoraise
them and thattherewere1820officialsofPACwithinthetruckatthat
time.FurtherthatPACofficialshadsurrounded theminthetruckina
mannerso that they werenot visible toanyoutsider and that all PAC
officialswerecarryingriffleswith'Sangeen'attheirtops.Furtherthatthe
saidPACofficialswerewearing'Khaki'uniforms.Heagainsaid,itwasa
'Khakipili'typeuniforms.Furtherthattheywerestrictlyinstructednotto
raisetheirheads.Hefurtherdeposedthatincaseanybodyraisedhishead,
heusedtoberebukedandgivenablowwiththehelpofrifflebutt.Further
thataftertravelingsomedistance,thetruckstopped.Furtherthathedid
notknowastowhichplaceitwas.Furtherthathecouldsensethatfew
morePACofficialsboardedthesaidtruckatthattimeandthatthetruck
againstartedandcametoDelhiroad, that afterpeepingalittlebitand
identifyingthebuildingandotherstructuresaround,hecouldguessthatit
wasDelhiRoad.Furtherthatafteratotaljourneyof11hour,they
reachedaPatriofMuradNagar,GangNeharandthesaidtruckthemcame
to ahalt. Thelights ofthetruck werethen switched off,that thetime
mighthavebeenbetween09.00PMand10.00PM,thattheythenstarted
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bringingdownthepersonsinthetruckonebyone.Further hedeposed
thatthefirstpersontocomedownthetruckthuswasoneMr.Yasinof
theirmohallaandPACofficialsthenfiredbulletshotsonsaidMr.Yasin
and then threwhim in thesaidcanal.Furtherthat theythen got down
anotherboywhosenamewasAshrafandhappenedtobehisneighbourer
and he was also shot with bullets and then thrown in the said canal.
Furtherthathe(PW1)wasthethirdpersontobebroughtdownthetruck,
thatintheprocessofhimselfbeingdraggeddown,hefellontheground
and hewasalsoshotwhilehewaslyingontheground.Furtherthatthe
bullethithiminhisarmpitandcameoutfromthesideofthebackofhis
chest,thatafterreceivingthesaidbulletinjury,hedeliberatelystopped
breathing, feigning death, that he was also thrown in the said canal.
Furtherthathecouldcatchafewbusesaroundandaftergettingsupport
from the bushes, he traveled a little distance inside the water and
concealed himself in the bushes there, that while he was sitting in a
concealedconditioninthebushes,hemetaboynamedArifbelongingto
his Mohalla who had jumped inthe waters from the said truck before
beingshotbythePACofficials.FurtherthatPACofficialswerepresent
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withthetruckwhenhemetArifinthebushes.Furtherthathecouldhear
thecriesofthepeople 'BACHAOBACHAO' andthesounds offiring.
Furtherthathecouldhearthethud1516timesthataroseafterthepersons
werebeingthrowninthewater.Furtherthathecouldthereafterseethe
headlights of vehicles throwing lights in that area. Further that PAC
officials then boarded their truck and left the place in direction from
which they had come. Further that he and Arif kept on concealing
themselvesinthebuseseven1hourthereafter andthen heandArif
venturedtocometothePatrithoughinafearfulconditionandfoundthree
personslyingonthesaidPatriininjuredconditions.Further hedeposed
thatoneofthemwashisneighbournamelyQamruddin buthecouldnot
identifytheremainingtwo.HeandArifthenliftedQamruddinandstarted
movingtowardsthePulofMuradNagar. FurtherthatQamruddinwas
writhinginpain andafterreachingthepulofMuradNagar,Arifleftthe
placeinfear.FurtherthatQamruddinadvisedhimtorunawayfromthe
place telling him that he had no hope of his survival. Further that he
reachedMuradNagarandenteredthehouseofaMuslimBhaiwhogave
himclothstowear.Furtherthathedidnotknowastowherehekeptthe
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cloths he had taken off. Further that he(the person who provided him
shelter) thenbroughta'Hakeem'whogavehimfirstaidanddressedhis
woundsandalsogavehim'DesiDawai'. Furtherthatthenextday,he
went to his Phupha namely Mehrazuddin in Ghaziabad. He further
deposed that hehad narratedtheaforesaid incident tothesaidMuslim
BhaireferredbyhimaboveandthereaftertohisPhuphaMehrazuddin.He
further deposed that his Phupha then consulted an Advocate namely
NawabuddinAnsariwhowasknowntoSyedShahabuddin,aMemberof
Parliament at that time. Further that he was thus taken to Syed
Shahabuddinby2/3peopleandhenarratedthewholeincidenttohimwho
consoledhimandtoldhimtodisclosetheincidenttoPresssoastofind
the whereabouts of his 'Walid' and 'Chachas'. Further that Syed
Shahabuddinthentookhim tothehouseofoneSh.ChanderShekhar,a
politician, perhaps belonging to Bhartiya Janta Party. Further that he
stayedatthehouseofSyedShahabuddinfor810daysandhisdaughter
whowasamedicalstudentkeptontreatinghimduringthatperiod.He
furtherdeposedthathegavestatementEx.PW1/AtotheJudgeSahebin
Circuit House,Meerut.HealsoidentifiedonepersonnamelyMehboob
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Aliinthephotograph MarkA,lyinginjudicial file.Healsoidentified


another person namely Yasin in photograph Mark 1 and deposed that
YasinwasthepersonwhowasshotfirstbyPAC.Hefurtheridentified
personsnamelySarfraz,MehboobAliandQamroodininphotographs.He
furtherdeposedthathecannotidentifytheaccusedpersonspresentinthe
courtforthereasonthatitwasdarkatthetimeofincident.Hewasduly
crossexaminedonbehalfofaccusedpersons.
PW2 Mohd. Naeem is also one of the survivors and he
deposedthaton22.05.87,whilehewassittingathishousewithNaeem
S/o Abdul Qadeer and Shahanshah S/o Abdul Haq, PAC and military
peoplereachedattheirplaceandarrestedallthethreeofthemandbrought
themtotheroadinMohallaHashimpura.Furtherthattheyweremadeto
situndera'peepal'treeand500or600peoplewerealreadysittingthere
on the directions of PAC and military.That PAC and military people
thereafterstartedscrutinyofthepersonssittingthereandthisway,some
ofthepersonsscrutinized fromthesaidcrowdwere madetositinthe
trucks which were being taken to unknown destination. Further he
deposedthatatabout08.00PM,hesawthatonlyonetruckofPACwith
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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yellowcolourwasleftthereandabout50personsleftatthespotafter
08.00pmweremadetositintheyellowPACtruck.FurtherthatsaidPAC
officials were carrying official rifles with them and they were also
wearing black iron helmets on their hands, some of the rifles were
carrying'sangeens'attheirtops.Furtherthatthetruckwasthentakentoa
petrolpumpnearMawanabusstandviaNanakChandCollegeand5or6
PACJawansthenboardedthetruckatthatpointandtheytooktheirseats
inthecabinofthetruck,theyallwerein'Peeli'uniformandthatthetruck
reached Delhi road via P.L.Sharma road. Further he deposed that the
wholecityofMeerutwasundercurfewatthattime,thatallofthemwere
asked not to raise their hands while sitting in the truck and in case,
anybody triedtoraisehishead,hewashit.Furtherthatthetruckthen
reachedMuradNagar,GangNeharandcametoahaltataplacewhich
wasabout2KMawayfromDelhiroadandthelightsofthetruckwere
switchedoffanditmighthavebeen09.30or09.45PMatthattime.The
PACjawanssittinginthecabinofthetruckscamedownandsurrounded
theback ofthetruck intheform ofacircle. Itis further deposed that
they(PACOfficials) broughtdownfirstofallMr.Yasinandshotthree
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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bulletsinhisbody,he(PW2) heardthesoundofsaidthreebulletshots
andaftercatchingholdofhislegsandarms,Mr.Yasinwasthrowninthe
'Nehar'.Furtherthattheythenbroughtdownanotherboyfromthetruck
whowasalsothrownintheNeharafterbeingshotbuthedidnotknowhis
name. Further that all of them sitting in the truck then stood up and
shouted 'BACHAO BACHAO' and upon this, the PAC jawans started
firinginsidethetruckitself and PACJawansstandingoutsidethetruck
started giving butt blows to the persons inside the truck. Further it is
deposedbyPW2 thathewashitwiththebuttofarifleonhisstomach
andduetothathefellonthefloorofthetruck,thatoneofthesaidboys
wasQamruddinwhohadreceivedabulletinjurybuthewasaliveatthat
time,thebulletinjuryofQamruddinwasbleedingandasaresult,hewas
drenchedwithblood.Furtherthattosavehimself,hemovedalittlebit
towardsandbeneaththeseatofthetruckandstoppedhisbreath.ThePAC
Jawansstandingoutsidethetruckthenopenedthe'dalla'ofthetruckand
theydraggedhimoutsidethetruck.FurtherthatthehandsofPACjawans
dragginghimwerealsostainedwithbloodthatwasstickingtohisbody
andwasoozedfromthebodyofQamaruddin.Furtherthathecontinued
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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stoppinghisbreathandhewasthrownoutofthetruck,twoPACJawans
caughtholdofhishandsandtwoothercaughtholdofhislegsandthrew
himinthewaterwiththeimpressionthathewasdead.Furtherthathethen
tookcontrolofhimselfinthewaterandafterswimmingalittlebitcaught
hold of the bushes. Further that PAC jawans continued throwing the
personsfromthetruckinthewaterandhehadbeenhearingthesoundof
suchshotsinafearfulcondition. Aftersometimethesoundofbullet
shotsstoppedandPACjawansranawayfromthespotwiththeirtruck.
Furtherthathetriedtocomeoutofthewaterbutimmediatelyhesawone
truckandheremainedinwater,thesaidtruckperhapswascarryingmilk
ashecouldseemilkcanshangingoutside.Further hedeposed thatfive
minutesthereafter,PACtruckcametothespotaftertakingaUturnand
proceededtoDelhiRoadandhethencameoutofwaterandfoundYasin
saying 'BACHAOBACHAO'as hewas catching hold of weeds in the
water.FurtherthathetoldhisnametohimandonthisYasinextendedhis
handstowardshimandhetriedtopullhalfofhispersonoutofwaterand
he(Yasin) breathedhislastwhenhecouldpullhalfofhispersonoutof
water.Furtherthathethenmadehisbodyliedowninthebushes andat
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thattime,hesawtwomoredeadbodieslyingthereandafterfeelingtheir
pulses etc, he found that they too were dead. After leaving all the
aforesaidthreedeadbodies,herantowardsthefieldsinafearfulcondition
andreachedatDelhiRoadwherehefoundaDhabawherehefound that
23truckdriverweretakingtheirmealsona'Charpai',hethendivulged
thewholeincidenttothemwhoadvisedhimnottofurtherdivulgeitto
anybodyandtheyaskedhimtositonthe'Charpai'andmadehimwashhis
faceandhandsandofferedhimfoodwhichhedeniedthankfullybuthe
took the tea offered by them. Further that they then took him to the
ChowkidarofanearbyfactoryandaskedthesaidChowkidartogivehim
shelterforthenight,ChowkidarwasaMuslimwithwhomhestayedtill
dawn.Furtherthat said Chowkidarthenmadehimsit inavehicleand
gavea10rupeenotetothedriverofthesaidvehicleandthenhereached
thehouseofhisChachainGhaziabad andafterstaying23hoursinthe
houseofhisChachaatGhaziabad,heproceededtoNainitlal.Furtherthat
IOofthecasethereaftersoughthisassistanceinthepreparationofthesite
planofthespotwheretheyweredetainedbyPACjawansundera'Peepal'
tree.HefurtherdeposedthathisstatementEx.PW2/Awasalsorecorded
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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byaMagistrate.Hefurtherdeposedthathecannotidentifytheassailants
forthereasonsthatthelightofthePACtruckhadbeenswitchedoff;it
wasnighttimeandhewasinthefearofdeathatthattime.Hefurther
deposedthattheriflesshowntohimtodayincourtmighthavebeenthe
sameusedintheincidentbutsomeofthemwerehaving'Sangeens'attheir
tops.Hewasdulycrossexaminedonbehalfofaccusedpersons.

PW3Mohd.Usman isanothersurvivorandhedeposed
thaton22.05.87atabout05.15PMwhenhewasinhishousealongwith
hisbrotherHanif,Mohd.Farookh,Md.Irshad,Shahabuddinandhisfather
Bashir Ahmed, military persons came to his house and said that they
wantedtosearchthemandtookthemoutsideinthelaneonthebackside
where about 50 persons had already been detained by the PAC whose
Jawanswereseenthere.Furtherthattheyaskedthemtoraisetheirhands
upwardsandmovestraightandtheyweremadetoreachaPeepalTreeat
HapurRoadwhere400500personswerealreadysitting.Furtherthatin
frontofthatspot,therewasashopofDr.JagdishChauhanwhereelderly
menandchildrenweresittingandbeingsuppliedwatertodrink,hesaw
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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yellowcolouredtrucksofPACwhichwerestandinginanopencondition,
heheardsomeofthePACpeoplesayingthemTakethemtothepolice
station.Furtherthathegavethekeysofhishousetohisfatherandkept
onsittingoverthere,thedetainedpeoplewerebeingsentinthetrucksand
thatPACpeopleweresegregatingtheelderlypeopleandtheyoungmen.
Furtherthat hewasdraggedinto thegroupofyoungmenwhereashis
father was pushed into the group of elderly people and children who
lateronwereallowedtoleavefortheirhouses,theelderlypeopleandthe
childrenwereletoffwhereasyoungmenwhowereabout50innumber
weremadetositononeside.Furtherthathewasinthegroupofthesaid
50youngmenandPACjawansgaveacommandtothepeoplewhowere
collectedtheresayingSARAIWAALEKHADEHOJAOAURCHALE
JAAO and then they said JAMMANPURA AUR HASHIMPURA
WALLE KHADE HO JAAO. Further that from the persons of
HashimpuraandJammanpura,theystartedsegregatingyoungandtheold
aftertouchingtheirbicepsandtheyaskedthemtositinayellowcoloured
truckofPAC.Furtherthatallhisfourbrotherswereputinthetruckwhich
left theplace,hewastakenout ofthegroup ofoldandchildrenafter
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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findingthathewasayoungmanandwasaskedtostandaside,therewere
thusabout50youngmenwhoweremadetostandononesideandthesaid
50youngmenweremadetositinayellowcolouredPACtruck.Further
thatthey weremadeto sit onthefloorofthetruckwhere1516PAC
Jawanswithhelmetsontheirheadandriflesaskedthemnottoraisetheir
heads,thePACJawanscountedthenumberofpersonssittingonthefloor
ofthetruckandoneofthemcountedthemas39andtheotheronecounted
themas42butinhisopiniontheywereabout50innumber.Furtherthatit
was08.15PMwhenthetruckstartedfromthereandaftertraveling1or2
KM,thetruckcametoahaltwhereafewPACJawanswerestandingon
theroadandthePACJawansweremadetositinthedriverscabinofthe
truck,byraisinghishead,hefoundthatthetruckhadreachedDelhiRoad.
Further hedeposed thatontherightsideofMuradNagar,GangNehar,
therewasaKachharoadandthetruckfollowedthatKachharoadupto2
KM,thelightsofthetruckwereswitchedoffandthePACjawanscame
downthecabinofthetruckandsurroundeditfromthebackside.Further
thatoneofthemsittinginthetruckwasbroughtdownthetruckanda
bullet was fired at him and he was then thrown into water, likewise
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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anothermansittinginthetruckwiththemwasbroughtdownandfiredat
andthenthrownintowaterandthisthingwasrepeatedandthenthinking
themselves very neartodeath, he stoodupandinvoked thepowersof
Allah.HefurtherdeposedthattheyshoutedBachaoBachao,uponthis
thePACJawansstanding outsidethetruckandinsidethetruckstarted
firingatallofthem,theythenstartedthrowingthedeadpersonsinthe
waterandalsofiredagainifanyonefoundalive.Furtherthatafterthus
killingaboutfifteenpersons,camehisturn,hetriedtorunawaybuttwo
PACjawanscaughtholdofhimbyhisarms,hebeggedformercysaying
thathischildrenshallberenderedorphansbuttheydidnottakepityon
him,inthemeantime,aPACJawanintervenedandsaidkillhimright
now,heuponthisattemptedtosnatchtherifleafterfreeinghisarmfrom
thehandsofthePACJawan.Furtherthatimmediatelyabulletwasfired
intohisbellyandthebulletcameoutofhisbodyfromhisback,thePAC
jawansthenfiredanothershotwhichstruckathisrightlegandthebullet
madeitsexitfromthebacksideofhisrightthigh,thenhewasthrowninto
waterwhenhewaswrithinginpain.Furtherthathewasbouncedbythe
water,hecouldnotswimashehadreceivedbulletshotsandhethereafter
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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caught hold of the grass and other weeds in the water, he kept on
witnessing that the PAC jawans were firing at the persons they had
broughtinthetruckandthenthrowingthemintowater.Hehadseenabout
2025personbeingkilledandthrownintowater.Furtherthataftersome
time,hedidnothearthesoundoffiringandhethenheardthesoundofthe
engine of PAC truck in a starting condition. Further that after that he
perceivedthatthesaidtruckofPAChadlefttheplace,thatwiththehelp
of two arms and one leg, he crawled and came out of the water and
reachedthebankofthecanal.Furtherthathethenheardthevoiceoftwo
persons amongst themasking forwatertodrinkbuttherewasnoneto
providethemthesame.Furtherthathethenheardthevoiceofthecall
giventotheMuslimpeoplefor'Sehri'asthesewerethedaysofRamzan
andhethenguessedthatitmightbe02.30am,hethensawlightcoming
fromavehicleapproachinghimandhethenfoundthatamotorcyclecame
toahaltwhenhehadgivenasignaltothesame,twopolicemenwereborn
onthesaidmotorcycle,theyaskedhimastowhathadhappenedtohim
andhenarratedthemthatthePACjawanshadfiredathimandthrown
himintowater.Furtherthatoneofthetwopolicemenkeptonstanding
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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therewhiletheotheroneleftthespotonthemotorcycleandcameback
withapolicejeep.Furtherthatboththepolicementoldhimnottoname
PAC and promised to provide him medical aid by taking him to a
hospital,theythreatenedhimofbeingkilledincasehenamedPAC,he
andhistwocompanionswereputintothesaidpolicejeepandtakento
MohanNagarhospitalandontheadviceofdoctors,thesaidpolicemen
admittedhimtoAllIndiaInstituteofMedicalSciences.Furtherthathe
wasgivenmedicalaidbythedoctoranddoctorsaskedhimastowhathad
happened and as he was threatened of being killed, he gave a false
statementtothedoctors.Hefurtherdeposedthatbeforetakinghimtothe
hospital, the policepersons who took him inthe jeep first went toPS
Murad Nagar. Further that in the police jeep besides him, Muzibur
Rehman and one more injured were there. Further that at the police
station heand MuziburRehmanwerebrought downthesaidjeepand
afterexamininghisinjuries,policepeopleputhimagaininthevehicle.
Further that after 1520 minutes, MuziburRehmantoo was put in the
vehicleanddriverofthevehiclewasdirectedtotakethemtothehospital.
FurtherthatheandMuziburRehmanweretakeninsidetheMohanNagar
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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hospital and the third injured having been found dead was left in the
vehicleitself.Furtherthatdoctorafterexaminationreferredhimtoabig
hospitalandaccordinglyhewasadmittedtoAIIMS.Hefurtherdeposed
thathemadeafalsestatementtothedoctorrelatingtothecauseofinjury
fearinghisdeathatthehandsoftheaccusedorthepolice.Furtherthathe
was treated at AIIMS. He further proved his MLC relating to his
admissioninhospitalasEx.PW3/P1andslippertainingtobloodbankas
Ex.PW3/P2. Further that he was Xrayed and then sent to operation
theaterandhewasoperated.Further hedeposed thathisstatementwas
alsorecordedbytheMagistratedandthesameisEx.PW3/A.Hefurther
deposedthattheriflesproducedinthecourtaresimilartotheonesusedin
thecommissionofoffencebuttheriflesusedintheincidentwerehaving
sangeensatthetop.Hefurtherdeposedthathecannotidentifytheaccused
persons present in the court for the reason that it was dark when the
incidenttookplace.

PW4MuziburRehman isalsoaneyewitness/survivor
andhedeposedthatheispermanentresidentofDistictDarbhanga,Bihar
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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andhestartedworkingonthepowerloomofAbdulMazidIncholiaWale
in Mohala Hashimpura four years prior to the year 1987. He further
deposed that on 22.05.1987, it was a day of 'Alvida' in the month of
Ramzan and the time was about 2 or 3 PM, Mohalla Hashimpura in
Meerutwasbeingsearchedbythepolice.Furtherthatsearchingofficials
belongstoPACUPpolice,MahilaPoliceandmilitary.Hewaspresentin
the house alongwith his three Chachas namely Mohd. Sadiq, Mohd.
ZameelandMohd.Azeem.Theaforesaidpoliceofficialsbroughtthemout
ofthehouseandmadethemstandinthegali.Theythenstartedsearching
theirhouseandcommandedthemtogotoHapurRoadnearthePeepal
tree. On reaching there, he saw that 400500 people had already been
detained therenearthePeepal tree. Out of thesaidcrowdof400500,
about 150 persons belong to Mohalla Hashimpura and the remaining
personsbelongedtotheneighbouringmohallas.Somepersonsoutofthe
aforesaid400500personswerearrestedandsenttojail.Histwochachas
namelyMohd.SadiqandMohd.Zameelwereinthegroupofpeoplewho
weresenttoJailintrucksandoutofthepersonsleftattheplacenear
Peepletree,PACsegregatedyoungandstrongpersonswhowereabout50
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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innumber.Furtherthatveryyoungandoldpeoplewereallowedtoleave
fortheirhomes. OnetruckofyellowcolourandbelongingtoPACwas
standingthere.ThePACpersonscommandedthemtositinthesaidPAC
yellowtruck.Outofthesaid50peoplewhoweremadetositinthesaid
truck, he could identify his Chacha Mohd. Azeem and others namely
Kausar,Mohd.Babuden,Mohd.Usman.Hehimselfwasalsomadetosit
inthesaidyellowcolourtruckofPAC.About1415JawansofPACalso
boardedthesaidtruckatthattime.ThePACjawanswerewearingyellow
coloureduniformandwerecarryingrifleswithsangeensattheirtopsand
were wearing helmets.Furtherthatthetimewasabout07.3007.45PM
andthetruckstartedandaftertravelingforabout10minutesthetruck
cametoahalt.Hecouldsee5or6morePACjawansenteringthecabinof
thetruckbuttheydidnotutteranywordthere.Aftertravelingforanother
about two hours, the truck reached at Murad Nagar, Gang Nehar. The
truckthenmovedonthelefthandsideonaKacchiroadandaftergoing1
2kmsonthekacchiroad,thetruckthenstoppedneartheNeharand
thelightsofthetruckwerethenswitchedoff.ThePACjawanswhowere
sittinginthecabinofthetruckcamedownandsurroundedthetruckfrom
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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itsback. PACJawans thenbrought downthetruckoneperson sitting


amongstthemandfiredathimandhewasthenthrownintotheNehar
water. Likewise another person was brought down, shot at and then
thrownintowater.Thethirdpersonfromamongstthemalsometthesame
fate.Thepeoplesittinginthetruckbecamepanickedandstartedshouting
BachaoBachaoandatthattimePACJawanswhowerestandinginside
thetruckandalsothosestandingoutsidethetruckstartedfiringonthe
personsinsidethetruck andhereceivedabulletshotonthethighofhis
rightlegandhisChachaMohd.Azeemreceivedbulletshotinhischest
anddiedthenandthereinthetruck.Further itisdeposedbyPW4 that
PAC jawans started throwing into waters the persons who were found
dead afterhaving beenshotat. Thepersonswhowerefoundsurviving
wereagainshotatandthenthrownintowater.Hewasthenbroughtdown
fromthetruckandwasshotathischest.Furtherthatafterreceivingthe
saidbulletshot,hefelldownandthePACjawansthought thathewas
dead and threw him into water. He knew how to swim and he then
concealedhimselfinthebushesinthewaterandatthebankofthecanal,
hecouldhearthesoundofgunshotsandthethudstakingplaceduetothe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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personsbeingthrownintowaterafterbeingshotat.Furtherthatheheard
about25suchsounds.Furtherthathecouldthenhearthesoundofthe
truckhavingstartedforleavingtheplace. Afterperceivingtotalsilence
forsometime,hecameoutofthebushesofthecanalandreachedthebank
ofthecanal.Hethenfoundthreepersonslyingwoundednearbyandoutof
threepersononewasinacriticalcondition,thesecondpersonwasbadly
wounded whereas the third one was in a position to move. The third
person took uptheperson whowasinabadlywoundedconditionand
started moving and they then reached the bridge. Further that he also
started moving towards the said bridge. After reaching the bridge, he
foundthatthepersonwhowasbadlywoundedwaslefttherebytheperson
whohadbroughthimthere.Furtherthathefoundawatertaptherefrom
whichhedrankwaterandinthemeantime,ashopkeeperfromanearby
shopcametoseethemallandafterhavingalookatallofthemhealsoleft
theplace.Furtherthataftersometime,apolicejeepreachedthereandput
him,thebadlywoundedpersonlyingthereandthepersoninacritical
conditionatthecanalinthesaidjeep. ThesaidjeepthenreachedatPS
MuradNagarandthepersonsinthesaidpolicejeepthreatenedhimsaying
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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that he would be killed in case he complained anything against PAC


Jawans.Hefurtherdeposedthatatthattimetwomorepersonswerewith
him,onewasMohd.Usmanandhedidnotknowthenameoftheother
person.Furtherthattheywerethreatenedbythosepoliceofficialsthatin
casetheymadecomplainttoanyperson,theywouldbekilled.Theywere
forcedtositinthejeepandweretakentoMuradNagarPoliceStation.
FurtherthatthebodyofMohd.Usmanwasseenbythemi.ethepolice
officialswhowereinthepolicestationandafterseeingtheinjuriesonthe
personofMohd.Usman,thosepoliceofficialshadbroughthimoutofthe
policestation.Furtherthathewasalsoinspectedbythepoliceofficialsto
find out that where he sustained injuries. His name and address was
inquiredandhedisclosedhisnameandaddresstothem.Furtherthatsince
hehadsustainedtwobulletinjuries,therefore,hewasfrightened.Further
thatsincehisunclehadbeenkilledinfrontofhim,hewasalsoinjured
andfrightened,thereforeatthattime,hehadnotdisclosedthenameand
addressandhadobtainedhisthumbimpressiononthepapers.Furtherthat
something had howeverbeenwrittenbythosepoliceofficials onthose
papersonwhichhisthumbimpression hadbeenobtainedbythem.He
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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furtherdeposed that heisilliterate. After seeingFIREx.PW4/A,he


deposedthatitseemsthatpaperwaslikeEx.PW4/Aonwhichhisthumb
impression had been obtained. Further that after obtaining his thumb
impression,thepoliceofficialshadmadehimtositinthejeepandhewas
takentoMohanNagarHospital.Furtherthatbesideshimthereweretwo
moreinjuredinthatjeep.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasthreatenedbythe
policeofficialsthatincasehedisclosedtothedoctorthathehadbeen
injuredbythepoliceofficials,hewillbegotkilled.Furtherthatbefore
theycouldreachtothehospital,oneoftheinjured,whowasinaserious
conditionhasscummedtohisinjuries,whowasotherthanMohd.Usman.
Furtherthatthosepoliceofficialswhohadtakenhimandtheotherinjured
tothehospitalhadatalkwiththedoctorsandheandMohd.Usmanwere
thentakentothedoctorsfortheirmedicalexamination.Furtherthatsince,
Mohd.Usmanwasseriouslyinjured,therefore,hewastakentosomebig
hospital,however,heremainedinMohanNagarHospital.Furtherthathe
wasmedicallyexaminedthereandwasadmitted.Heremainedadmittedin
thehospital forabout 15to20days.Furtherthat duringthattime,his
statementhadbeenrecordedonceortwicebytheofficialsofCB/CID.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Furtherthatwhenhewasdischargedfromthehospital,hewastakentoa
Magistrateand his statement wasalsorecordedbytheMagistrate. He
further deposed qua a specific question that it was night time and the
headlightsofthetruckswereoff.Therefore,hewasnotinapositionto
identifyanyofthosePACpersonalswhowerepresentatthattimeandhad
firedshots.Hefurtherdeposedthatitwasdarkatthattimeasitwasnight
timeandhewasalsofrightenedatthattime.Hefurtherdeposedthathe
cannotidentifyanyoftheaccused.

PW11Sh.Babuddin isanothersurvivorandhedeposed
that about 3 or 4 years prior to 1987, he and his father Mohd. Khalil
AnsariusedtoweaveclothesinthePowerLoomofHaziAzimuddinof
Mohalla Hashim Pura, Shah Peer Gate, Meerut. Further that on
22.05.1987,hisfatherMohd.KhalilAnsari were sittinginthehouseof
oneSaddiq,IchauliyaWala. Hewasalsowithhisfatheratthattime. At
about 02.00 or 03.00 pm, 30/35 persons had come in Hashim Pura
Mohalla. ItwasJummaDay(Friday). Outofthose30/35persons,afew
personshadenteredinthehouseofSadiqwherehisfatherandhimself
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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weresittingwithSaddiq.Those30/35personsincludedPACpersonnels,
Armypersonnels,policeofficialsandladypoliceofficials.Thosepersons
hadaskedthemtogooutofthehouseastheywantedtosearchthehouse.
He,hisfather,Saddiqandhisfamilymembersthencameoutofthehouse.
TheyhadstoodintheGaliandinthemeantime,neighboursandresidents
of the locality had also gathered there in the gali. Those persons had
searchedhousesofevenotherpersons.FurtherthattheofficialsofPAC
thenaskedaskedthemtoraisehandsandaskedthemtomove. Atthat
timetheywere150innumbers.FromtheGali,theyhadbeentakentothe
roadnearPipalTree,ShahPeerGate. Theretheyfoundthataround300
personswerealreadythere.Theywerealsoaskedtositbytheofficialsof
PAC.Therehehadnoticedthatafewvehicles/truckswerelyingparked.
Peoplewereforcedtoboardthosetrucksandwerebeingsent.Hepresume
that those persons were being sent to Jail. In his presence, his father
Mohd. Khalil Ansari had been made to board a truck and was sent
somewhere. The PAC officials had then segregated a few persons of
HashimPuraMohallaandhewasoneofthem. ThePACofficialshad
askedoldagedpersonsandthechildrentogoawayandtheywereallowed
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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togoandheandotherwerethenaskedtoboardayellowcolouredtruck
ofPAC. Inthattruck,theirstrengthwas40or45. Hecouldidentify
Azim Kausar Ali of village Hariyat, MuziburRahman of his village,
HausalaUddinofvillageManharfromamongstthem.Furtherthat14or
15officialsofPAChadalsoboardedthattruckandtheirdresswasoflight
yellowcolourandtheywerewearinghelmetsandtheywerehavingrifles
withbayonets(Sangeen).Itwas07.30or07.45pm(approximately)when
thetruckhadleftthatplace. Thetruckhadmovedforabout10minutes
anditwasstoppedsomewhereandafewPACJawansalsosatfromthat
place in the cabin of the truck. The truck then again moved and had
continuedtomove.ItreachednearaNaharandthetruckdriverthentook
thetruckonaKachaRastaandcoveredadistanceofabout1Kmson
theKachaRasta. ThePACJawansfromthecabinofthetruckthengot
downandcametowardsthebackportionofthetruck. Thelightsofthe
truckwerethenswitchedoff.FurtherthattheDalaofthetruckwasthen
openedandonepersonfromamongstthemwasmadetoalightfromthe
truck.Morethanonefirehadbeenshotandhewaskilled,anotherperson
wasmadetoalightandhewasalsofiredatmorethanoneshotandkilled
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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andtheywerethrowninthecanal,thethirdonewasalsodealtwithinthe
aforesaidmanner.Onseeingithappening,allofthemhadbeenfrightened
andtheyraisedhueandcryandtheJawansofPACthenfiredwhilethey
wereinthebodyofthetruck.Furtherthathehadsustainedbulletinjury
ontheleftsideofhisbackjustundertheleftarmpit.Thereafter,itwasa
pindropsilenceandthereaftertheJawansofPAChadmadethepersons
sittinginthebodyofthetrucktoalightonebyone,theyfiredatthemand
aftercausingtheinjuriestheywerethrowninthecanal.Furtherthat15or
16personshadbeendealtwithinthismannerbythePACJawans.Hehad
noticedthatsomelightwascomingtowardstheirtruckanditappearedto
besomevehiclecomingtowardstheirtruck.TheJawansofPACbecame
panickyandhadsaidthatsomeonewascomingandthedriverofthetruck
thentookaturnfromaplacenearthebridge/culvertofthecanalandhad
takenthetrucktowardstheroadandthetruckwasbroughtontheroad.
Furtherthatthetruckthenmovedandhadcontinuedtomoveforabout30
minutes and it had reached near ariver,the truck was stopped on the
pul/culvert and the Jawans of PAC then got down from the truck and
stoodbehindthebodyofthetruck.TherealsotheDalaofthetruckwas
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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openedandPACJawanshadfiredandkilled15/20personsonebyone
andhadthrownthemintheriver.Furtherthatthereafterhewasalsomade
toalightfromthetruckandafirehadbeenshotathimandhereceivedan
injuryontherightsideofhischest. Thebullethadpiercedandpassed
through.(AspercourtobservationsrecordedbyLd.Predecessor,during
hisexaminationthewitnesshasshowntheplacenearhisrightnippleand
pointedoutthatitwasatthisplacehehadreceivedthebullet.Hehadalso
shownhisbackandpointedoutthatfromthatplacethebullethadmade
theexit).Hefurtherdeposed that thereafterhewasalso throwninthe
river,hetooksomewaterandthereafterheregainedconsciousnessandhe
swamandcoveredsomedistanceandthereafteronastonenearbushes,he
made himself lied. Further that thereafter those persons who had were
remainingwerealsofiredat,killedandthrowninthecanalbythePAC
Jawans.Furtherthatthereafterthetruckhadgoneawayandthereaftertwo
persons,withtorchesintheirhands,hadcomeonamotorcycleandwith
the help of the torches they were trying to illuminate the area and on
seeingthelightofthetorches,becauseoffear,he(PW11)hidhimself,
howeverthosetwopersonskeptonilluminatingtheareawiththetorches.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Thosepersonstheninquiredastowhethertherewasanyoneornotasthey
wantedtohelp,hethoughtthatsincehehadbeenfiredattwiceandhe
maynotsurvive,therefore,whynottotakeachanceasthosetwopersons
may be of some help to him. He further deposed that he was a bit
frightened and hethen cameontheroadandfoundthat those persons
were police officials and they inquired his name from him and he
disclosedhisnametothem.Hefurthernarratedallthefactstothemasto
whathadhappenedwithhimandothers.Aftersometimeapolicejeephad
comethereinwhichtherewereafewpoliceofficials,hewasthenmade
tositinthejeepandwastakentoLinkRoadPoliceStation,Ghaziabad.In
the police station something was written on papers without inquiring
anything from him and his signatures were obtained on those papers.
Furtherhedeposed that it wasonlyonepaperonwhichhis signatures
wereobtainedbythem.FurtherthatfromtherehewastakentoNarender
MohanHospitalinjeep,thepoliceofficialsmetthedoctorondutyand
had atalk with him and thereafterhewasadmitted inthehospital,he
remainedadmittedinthehospitalforabout2or3weeks.Furtherthatin
thehospital,officersusedtocometoinquirefactsfromhim,theyusedto
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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writeonpapers,howeverhissignatureswerenotobtained.HisBaniyan
hadbeentakenbythedoctorafteritwascutbythedoctorandwhenhis
baniyanwastakenbythethepolice,hissignaturewasobtained.Healso
proved memo Ex.PW11/A. He further deposed that when he was
dischargedfromthehospital,hisstatementwastakenbeforeajudgeand
hisstatementwasrecordedbyhim.

8.2

OTHER WITNESSES QUA SEARCH OPERATION

ANDARRESTFROMMOHALLAHASHIMPURA.
PW19 Iqbal deposed that in 1987, it was the month of
Ramzanandhewasonfastandhewaspresentathishouse.Furtherthat
at about 03.00 pm, officials of Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
cametohishouseandtookhimawayforciblyandhewasmadetosit
underneathapipaltreebythePACofficials.Furtherthatcurfewhadbeen
clampedintheareaonthatdayhehadbeentakenoutofhishouse.His
brotherIslamuddin,Naeemuddin,Nizamuddinhadalsobeentakenbythe
PACofficialstothatplace.OneAbuddin,aresidentoftheMohallahad
alsobeentakenandthesefourpersonsnamelyIslamuddin,Naeemuddin,
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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NizamuddinandAbuddinweresegregatedfromthemwiththeintentionto
let them off later on. Further that he alongwith other residents of the
Mohallahadbeenmadetoboardatruck.Therewasnospaceinthebody
ofthetruckasitwasfullofhumanbeingsandallofthemweretakenin
thattrucktopoliceline.Inthepolicelineanumberofpersonsarmedwith
Lathishadboardedthebodyofthetruck. Thelathiswerestuddedwith
ironpattiesandthosepoliceofficialshadassaultedthemwiththepatties.
Furtherthat theoccupants ofthetruckhadbeengivenbeatings bythe
policeofficialsforovertwohours. Inthetruckthehumanbeingswere
lyinginaheapandhewasatthebottomandwastryingtotakehimself
easyandtohavetheair.ThetruckwasthentakentopolicestationCivil
Linesandtherewerealsoanumberofpoliceofficialsarmedwithlathis
andafewofthemhadstoodononesideofthetruckandafewonthe
otherside. Theoccupantofthetruckwereaskedtogetdown.Theone
whowasabletomovewasassaultedandkilledandthosewhocouldnot
move were taken to Medical (Mortuary) thinking that they were dead.
FurtherthatheremainedinpolicestationCivilLineforaboutthreedays
andthereafterhewastakentoMeerutJailandsinceitwasfull,therefore,
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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hewasbroughtbacktothepolicestationCivilLineandfromtherehewas
taken to Fatehgarh Jail where also, he had been given beatings and
thereafterhewaslodged. HefurtherdeposedthatintheJatehgarhJail,
throughnewspaper,hecametoknowaboutanumberofpersonshaving
beenkilledandthrownintheNahar.Hewasreleasedfromthejailafter
31days.Hewasshownphotographsofhisbrotherbythepoliceofficials
andonseeingthephotographs,heidentifiedthedeadbodyofIslamuddin.
HefurtheridentifiedhisbrotherincopyofphotographEx.PW19/Aat
pointA.
PW20Mohd.Saleem deposedthaton22.05.1987atabout
03.00pm,itwasJummaDay(Friday)andhewaspresentathishouse.
FurtherthatanumberofPACpersonnelsenteredhishouseandtheyhad
takenawayhisyoungerbrotherNaeem,whowasagedabout17yearsat
thattime. Hedeposedthathehidhimselfinhishouse. Naeemnever
cameback.Hefurtherdeposedthathehadnotidentifiedhisdeadbody.
HevoluntarilydeposedthathisfatherNoorMohd.hadhoweveridentified
thedeadbodyofhisbrotherNaeem.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasnot
shownphotographofNaeemAhmedbythepoliceofficials,howeverhe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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can identify his brother Naeem in the photograph. After seeing


Ex.PW20/A,heidentifiedhisbrotherNaeematpointA.
PW21Mst.Zebunnisadeposedthaton22.05.1987,shewas
presentatherhouseanditwasJummaday. Furtherthatshe,herJeth
Kalwa and her husband were present. Further that at about 02.00 pm
police officials of PAC had come to their house. They were 10/12 in
numbersandtheyinsistedthattheywouldliketosearchtheirhouseand
they infact searched theirhouse.Furtherthat thosepoliceofficials had
takenawayherhusbandandJeth. HerJethKalwahadcomeaftertwo
months and herJeth told herthat on22.05.1987 hehadbeen takento
FatehgarhJail.ShefurtherdeposedthatherJethidentifiedthedeadbody
ofherhusbandonthebasisofcloths.Shealsoidentifiedherhusbandin
copyofphotographEx.PW21/A.
PW22 AbdulHamid deposedthat on22.05.1987,hewas
presentathishouseanditwasJumma.Furtherthatatabout02.00/02.30
pmofficialsofPAC,LocalpoliceandMilitaryhadcometotheirMohalla
andtheywereabout90100innumbers. 56officialsenteredhishouse
and searched his house. At that time, he, his brother Kayyum, Zahir
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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AhmedsonofChhota,JavedsonofZahir,JamirsonofZahir,hissons
Saleem and Naim, Waseem son of Rafiq were present. Further that
Naeemwasagedabout15years.NaeemandJavedhadbeenseparatedby
thosepoliceofficialsfromthemandtheyweretakentopoliceline.He
furtherdeposedthatfromthewordpolicelinehemeantheplacewhere
thepoliceofficialsusedtogettrainingandusedtodophysicalexercise.
Hefurtherdeposedthathewasassaultedandhesustainedinjuriesallover
hisbodyincludinghishead.Hefurtherdeposedthatfromthepoliceline
heandotherweretakentoPSCivilLineandfromtherehewastakento
AbdullapurjailandheremainedinAbdullapurjailforabout18days.He
furtherdeposedthathewasreleasedonbail.Hevoluntarilydeposedthat
inthatcase,hewasexonerated.Hefurtherdeposedthatafterreleasefrom
jail,hehadsearchedforJaved,NaimandZahir,howeverhecouldnotfind
themout. HefurtherdeposedthatthenameofhiswifewasHajareand
sheisalive.FurtherthatJaved,NaimandZahirarenotaliveandhiswife
HajrahadidentifiedthedeadbodiesofJavedandNaimonthebasisof
their clothes. He further deposed that he was not interrogated or
questionedbytheofficialsofCID.DuringcrossexaminationbyLd.Spl.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PP,headmittedthathehandedoverawrittencomplaintbearinghisthumb
impressiontotheofficialsofCIDandhehadalsoaffixedthephotographs
ofNaim,JavedandJahironthecomplaint.
PW23ShakeelAhmeddeposedthatin1987,heused
toresideinHashimPuranearGulmargCinemaHall,Meerut,U.P.andon
22.05.1987 aquarrelhadtakenplaceandhewasarrestedbyPACand
military officials. Further that local police officials were also there.
About250/300personofmohallaHashimPurawerearrested.Fromhis
family,heandhisbrotherAkeelhadbeenarrestedandhewasremovedto
AbdullaPurJail.HefurtherdeposedthathisbrotherAkeelhadbeenmade
tositontheSabirGateRoad.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasreleased
fromjailafteraboutonemonth.Akeelhadnotbeentakentojailwithhim
andwhenhewasreleasedfromJail,hecametoknowthatAkeelhaddied.
FurtherthathehadgonetopolicestationGhaziabadandfromtheclothes
and photograph of Akeel he identified him and paper in that regard
Ex.PW23/Awereprepared.
PW30Mr.ShakeelAhmeddeposedthatin1987,hewas
residing atHashimpura,Meerut andon22.05.1987 ontheFriday,they
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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werepresentintheirhousewhenthearmyandPACproclaimedintheir
Mohalla.Hefurtherdeposedthattheywereattheirhousesafteroffering
thenamazofzuma. Hefurtherdeposedthattheentiremohallapeople
wereroundedupandtakentothemainroad.Hefurtherdeposedthathe
hidhimselfinthehouse.Hefurtherdeposedthaton29.05.1987,hehad
gonetopolicestationandidentifiedthedeadbodyofNizammuddinby
seeinghisphotograph.
PW31 Sh. Gaffar deposed that Nizamuddin was his
youngerbrotherandon22.05.1987,itwasFridayatabout02.00pm,the
police and military people while taking search had taken the mohalla
peoplewiththem.FurtherthatNizamuddinhadalsobeentakenbythem
andhedidnotcomeback.Hefurtherdeposedthatafter34monthsofthe
incident,apolicevehiclehadcometotheirMohallaandallthosepeople
whosenearanddearhadnotcomebackwereaskedtogotopolicestation
atGhaziabadforidentification.Hefurtherdeposedthattheywereasked
toidentifyfromtheclothsandheidentifiedtheclothsofNizamuddin.
PW48 Sh.Jamil Ahmed deposed that hewasresiding in
Hashimpura since his birth. Further that on 22.05.1987, he was at his
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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homeandsomeMagistrateSahabcameinthegaliandannouncementwas
madeforalltocomeoutinthegaliassomecheckingwastobedoneand
accordinglytheyallcameoutinthegali.FurtherthathisfatherSh.Qadir
Ahmed, his brother Naim Ahmed, his mother Mst. Mehmoodan and
himselfcameoutfromhishouse. Thepersonwhohadcomesearched
their house and also other houses in neighbourhood and nothing
incriminating was recovered during the searches. Further that PAC
officerstookallofthemoutfromthegaliontheroadandthereafterthey
selectedsomepeopleand hisfatherwasoneofthepersonselectedby
them.TheselectedpersonsweretakenbyPACsomewhereintruckbut
he did not know where they were taken. Subsequently, some of the
personswerereleasedandtheycamebackbuthisfatherhadnotreturned
back.Furtherthataftersomedays,hesawphotographofhisfatherina
magazineandcametoknowthatsomeincidenthadtakenplaceatNahar.
Furtherthatthephotographofhisfatherwasoftheperiodwhenhehad
beenpickedupandtakenbyPAC.Healsosubsequentlycametoknow
that his father was amongst the people who had been killed at Ganga
Nahar.Hefurtherdeposedthathedidnotknowanythingelse.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW49 Mst. Mehmuddan deposed that it was Friday and


22nddayofmonthintheyear1987butshedidnotrememberthemonth.
PACcameto herhouseandtheyclaimedthat theywouldsearchtheir
houseandtheyallcameoutside. Furtherthattheyalltookherhusband
andmanyothersfromtheMohallawiththemanditwasaround02.30pm.
Herhusbandcouldnotbetracedouttillthatday.Shefurtherdeposedthat
she had also seen photograph of her husband in some book. She had
searchedforherhusbandbutcouldnotlocatehim.Shedeposedthatshe
didnotknowanythingelse.
PW50Mr.LaikAhmeddeposedthaton22.05.1987which
wasFridayandhewaspresentinhishouse.Furtherthatatabout34pm,
PACpeoplecameintheareaandapersonbeingcalledMagistratewas
alsowiththemandannouncementwasmadethatallshouldcomeoutas
housesweretobecheckedandaccordinglytheyallcameout.Furtherthat
hishousewascheckedandnothingincriminatingwasrecovered.Further
thathisbrotherHaziShamimAhmedwasmadetositinatruckandhe
wassenttoCivilLinePSandthentoJail.Furtherthataftercomingoutof
jail,hecametoknowthroughMagazineandnewspaperthathisbrother
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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hadbeenshotdeadnearGangNahar. Furtherthathisbrotherhadnot
returnedsincethen.Furtherthathedidnotknowanythingelse.
PW51Mst.Mehrunissadeposedthatshedidnotremember
thedateormonthbutitwasmonthofRamzananditwasthelastfridayof
Ramzan in the year 1987. PAC came in their area and made
announcementforalltocomeoutashousesweretobechecked.They
werebreakingopenmaingatesofhouseswhichwerenotbeingopened.
Her husband came out and she followed him. Further that PAC
surroundedtheirhouseandtookherhusbandwiththem.Itwasclaimed
bythemthattheywouldleaveherhusband,howeverherhusbandhasnot
returned till that day. Further that it was subsequently through
photographsinmagazinesthatshecametoknowthatherhusbandhad
beenkilledandthrowninGangNahar.Shefurtherdeposedthatshedid
notknowanythingelse.Shefurtherdeposedthatherhusbandappearsat
pointAinphotographMarkP51A.
PW52 Rahis Ahmed deposed that on 22.05.1987 he was
presentinhishouseanditwasFridayandanofficercameandstatedthat
theirhousewastobesearchedandaskedallofthemtocomeout.Further
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thathisfather,hisChachaandhimselfcameout.Furtherthatoncoming
outtogali,theyweretakentotheroadandweremadetositthere.One
officerofthemilitary present therestatedthat students, ladiesandold
peopleshouldbeletoffandtheyweremakingotherssitinyellowtruck.
Hewasletoffandwhenhecamebackhome,hecametoknowfromother
peoplethathisfatherhadbeentakenawaybythem. Furtherthatthere
wascurfewintheareaandafterabout1015days,hecametoknowthat
hisfatherhadbeentakenandshotatatGangNahar.Hefurtherdeposed
thathehadalsogotlodgedanFIRinthisregard.
PW53Sh.Jamalluddindeposedthaton22.05.1987itwasa
Fridayandhewaspresentinhishouseandtherewascurfewinthearea.
After Namaz at around 02.00 pm, he came to know that force was
collectingoutsidethegali.Hecametoknowthathousesearcheswereto
bemadeandheclosedthedoorofhishouseandsatinside.Furtherthathe
heardnoiseofhisdoorbeingknockedandheopenedthedoorandsaw56
militarypeoplestandingoutsidehisdoorwithriffle.Theyaskedhimto
raise his hands and show them the way to go upstairs. He took them
upstairs to the roof through the stairs and on reaching the roof of his
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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house, he observed that military people with riffles were present on


practically every tall house in the area. PAC, local police and ladies
policealsoenteredhishouseandtheyallsearchedhishousebutnothing
incriminating wasrecovered. Hefurtherdeposed thathissons namely
KamruddinandRiazuddinwerebroughtoutofthehouse,theywereaged
between16to20years.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasontheroofofhis
houseandproceedingscontinuedintheareaforabout23hours.When
the military people came down stairs from the roof of his house, they
broughthimdownstairs.Oncomingoutheobservedthatabout300350
malemembersoftheareahadbeencollectedbythemandhealsosatwith
them.Childrenofhismohallawhohadbeencollectedthereweretaken
awayinthreePACtrucksandonesmallvehicle.TheyhadbeensenttoPS
CivilLinesandpeopleovertheageof50yearsandlessthan10years
werenottakentoPSCivilLinesinthetrucks.Thereaftermilitarypeople
leftthespotafterleavingPACthere.PACaskedallofthemtostandina
lineandthereaftertheysegregatedyoungandsturdyfromamongstthem
and they were made to board a PAC truck and they were 4045 in
numbers.Theyallotherswereletoffandthetruckwastakenawayfrom
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thearea.HissonQamrruddinandotherboysoftheareawereinthesaid
truck.AmongstotherswereMohd.Naim,ZulifkarNasirandmanyother
Biharipeople.Furtherthattheyallreturnedbacktotheirhousesthinking
that the last truck would also be taken to PS Civil Lines. There was
curfew in the area and hence they had not moved any application
anywhere in that regard at that time. About 1012 days thereafter,
statement of Zulfikar Nasir was published in Jansatta and it was
mentioned therein that his son Qamrrudin had been shot dead.
Subsequently hehadgonetoGhaziabadandhadmovedanapplication
Ex.PW53/AbeforeSSPinthisregard.ThereafterhewenttoPSMurad
NagarandmettheC.Oandheshowedcopyofhisapplicationtohimand
heshowedhimphotographofhisdeadsonandinformedhimthathehad
foundhissonneartheNaharandthathewasaliveatthattimebutin
injuredcondition.Furtherthathealsotoldhimabouthavingtakenhisson
toMohanNagarhospitalbuthissonhadexpiredintheway.
PW54ParvezAhmed deposedthaton22.05.1987hewas
sittinginhouseofhisneighbourNasruddinandQamruddin,SirajAhmed
andMohd.Salimwerealsopresentthere.Furtherthatitwas03.0004.00
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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pm when two military officials came there and took them outside the
house and they all were brought out in the Chauraha of Hapur Road.
Major Pathania separated Qamruddin and Siraj Ahmed and they were
madetositatasideandrestofthemweremadeto boardatruckand
takentoFatehgarhjail.Furtherthaton22.05.1987theyweretakenfirstly
to PS Civil Line and had been sent from there to Fatehgarh Jail on
24.05.1987.HefurtherdeposedthathehadnotseenQamruddinandSiraj
Ahmedthereafter.Furtherthatheremainedinjailforabout2025days.
PW55Dr.ZahiruddinAnsarideposedthaton22.05.1987
hewaspresentinhishouseanditwasholymonthofRamzananditwas
lastFridayofRamzanandtherewascurfewinthearea.Atabout02.30
pm after Namaz, members of the force i.e PAC, police and military
enteredtheareaandannouncedthatalltheoccupantsofthehousesshould
comeout oftheirhouses ashousesweretobesearched. Someofthe
residentscameoutoftheirhousesinthegaliandthosewhodidnotcome
outoftheirhouseswerebeatenandbroughtoutforciblebymembersof
theforce.Hewasoneofthosewhocameoutoftheirownandaftersome
time,whenthegaligotovercrowded,theywereaskedtomoveoutside
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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towards Main Hapur Road and they were made to run towards that
directions. Further that on reaching there, he saw some persons sitting
undertreeacrossroad.Hesawapersonstandingtherewhomhethoughto
beaseniorofficerandhethoughtoftalkingtohimandhetoldhimthathe
wasanMBBSdoctorandaresidentoftheareaandrequestedhimtotreat
properlyandheagreedtohisrequestandaskedhimtoremainthereitself
andheremainedthereforabout45hours.Hefurtherdeposedthatother
peopleoftheareawerealsobeingcollectedtherebybeingbroughttothe
mainroadandwhenonesideoftheroadgotovercrowded,peoplestarted
sittingonothersideoftheroadalso.Furtherthatonemilitarydoctorwas
attendingthepersonswhohadreceivedinjuriesandwhenmanypeople
hadcollected theretheyoungoneswereseparatedfromtheeldersand
manygroupswereformedinthatcrowd.Hefurtherdeposedthatoneof
thepoliceofficersittingbysideofthetreewaswritingsomethingfrom
amongsttheyoungerlot. Thereaftertheyweremadetoboardthetruck
andthetruckleftthespot.Furtherthatafterthefirsttruckhadgone,the
secondonewasfilledandwastakenawayfromthespotandmanytrucks
werefilledandleftthespotinthatmannerduring45hours.Hefurther
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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deposedthatwhenitwastimetoopenthefast,waterwassuppliedfrom
nearbytap.Healsosuppliedwatertothepeoplecollectedthere.Afterthe
truckshadleft,someofthepersonswhowerenotarrestedwereallowedto
gobackinthemohalla.Onetruckwhichwasstilllyingparkedatthespot
wasthenbeingfilledandhesaw23personsinthesaidtruck. Oneof
them was Hazi Shamim Ahmed and the other was Qadir, one was
Sadruddin and there were many others and the truck was jam packed.
FurtherthatthetrucklefttowardsIndiraChowkandhewentbacktohis
house. About23daysthereafter,hecametoknowthatmorethan400
peoplehadbeenarrestedandsenttojail.Healsocametoknowthatout
ofpersonsapprehendedandtakenawayfromthespot,42hadnotbeen
senttojailnorhadtheybeenarrested.HealsocametoknowthatPAC
hadtakenthosepersonstotheNaharandhadkilledthem. Furtherthat
someofthem,hecametoknowsubsequently,couldnotbekilledand
cameback. Twoamongst those werebadlyinjuredandfourwerenot
havinganyinjuries. Furtherthatenquirieshassubsequentlybeenmade
fromhimbythepolice.
PW57 Sh.Sakhawat Ali deposed that inMay1987,he
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wasstandingwithhisneighbourSh.N.UAnsari,Advocateoutsidetheir
house and some people came there and stated that PAC vehicle was
loadingpersonsandbeatingthemandtheyhadsavedthemselvesandwere
comingfromMuradNagarandthereafterhethenwentbacktohishome.
PW58 Sh. Abdul Alim deposed that on 22.05.1987 at
around 03.00 pm, he was present in his house and there was an
announcement being made on mike that houses were to be searched.
Furtherthatmilitarypeople,PACandpoliceenteredtheirMohalla.Door
ofhishousewasknockedandassoonasheopenedit,hewasbeatenwith
Dandasby45PACpeopleandhesufferedafractureinhislegonaccount
ofthebeatings.AllofthemmadetositintheGaliandaround400500
peopleoftheMohallaweremadetositonthemainHapurRoadandit
wasaround05.00pmbythattime.AmongsttheMohallapeople,children
andoldpeoplewereseparated.Hefurtherdeposedthathisfatherwasone
ofthosewhohadbeenseparated.Manypeopleweremadetoboardtrucks
whichwereofyellowcolourandwordsPAC41 stBatellionwerewritten
onthesameandtrucksleftthespot.4050peoplewerebeingmadetosit
in a truck. All but two trucks left the spot. He further deposed that
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Qamruddin, Hazi Mustakin, Usman Gani, Zulifqar Nasir, Naim, Kadir


ChaiWalaandtheothersweremadetositinoneofthosetwotrucks.He
alongwithmanyothersweremadetositintheothertruck.Theirtruckwas
takentopolicestationandtheothertruckhadalsoleftthespotbuthedo
notknowastowhereithadbeentakento.Histruckwasparkedoutside
thepolicestationandalltheoccupantsthereofweremadetostandintwo
lines.Eachperson comingdownfromthetruckwasbeingbeatenwith
ironpipes.Peopleinboththelinesweremadetoenterthepolicestation
andwhiledoingsowerebeingbeatenbyPACwhowerepresentthere.
HefurtherdeposedthatoneMohinudinandoneMenuwhobothwerehis
neighbours died in the police station on account of beatings received.
Theyweredetainedinthepolicestationforthewholenightandonthe
nextdaytheyweresendtoAbdulapurjail.Hefurtherdeposedthathewas
releasedfromthejailafter18daysandonreturningbacktotheMohalla,
hecametoknowthatoccupantsoftheothertruckhadbeenkilledbyPAC
atGangnahar.
PW60 Sh. Tanvir deposed that on 22.05.1987, he was
presentinhishouseandtherewasannouncementbeingmadeaskingthe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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residents of the area to come out of their houses as search was to be


conducted.Whentheycameout,allofthemincludinghisfather,brother
andneighboursweretakentothemainroad.HefurtherdeposedthatPAC
people present there were wearing yellow coloured clothes and started
pickinguppeopleandwereboardingtheminyellowcolouredbuses.He
furtherdeposedthatashewasachildatthattime,hewasletoffandhe
wentbacktohishouse.Hisfatherwasmadetositintheyellowcoloured
bus.FurtherthatnameofhisbrotherwasMohd.Rias.
PW61Md.Jaffardeposedthaton22.05.1987itwasFriday
and he was coming back towards his house from the Masjid after
Nammaz.Furtherthatannouncementwasbeingmadethatsearchhadto
be conducted. Houses were searched and they were apprehended and
takenaway.PACpeoplehadbroughtthemtothemainroadfromthegali
andhissonMehtabwaswithhim.Peopleweresegregatedandmadeto
sitintrucksandthetruckswereofyellowcolour. Furtherthatpeople
weretakenawayandhissonneverreturnedback.
PW62 Mr. Sher Ali deposed that on 22.05.1987 he was
present in house of Akthar in Hashimpura. Further that at about
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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02.3003.00pm,theywerecomingfromtheMasjidafterNamaaz.PAC
and military people came there and brought out every one from their
housesandcollectedtheminthemohalla.Theyallwerebroughttothe
mainroadandwhenmanypeoplecollectedthere,childrenandoldpeople
were separated from the young people. Children and old people were
beingsentbackinthemohallawhiletheyoungpeoplewerebeingmadeto
sit in buses present there. Furtherthat hewassent insideback inthe
mohalla. HaziMustkin,QamruddinandSirajwhoweresittingbesides
himweremadetositinthebusesandhedidnotseethemthereafter.He
furtherdeposedthatabout11monthsthereafter,hewastoldbyhis
mohallapeoplethathehadtogotoidentifyclothesashewasatailorand
hadhisshopintheareaandheaccordinglywenttopolicestationLink
Road Ghaziabad and some cloths were shown to him there and he
identifiedthesameashavingbeenstickedbyhim. Hefurtherdeposed
thathehadidentifiedclothesofoneNaimandalsoofsomeotherpeople
whosenameshedidnotrememberandmemoEx.PW62/Awasprepared
inthisregard.
PW63 Fariduddin deposed that on 22.05.1987, he was
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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present in his house and it was around 02.3003.00 pm when


announcementwasmadeoutsidethathouseswouldbesearched.Further
thatmilitaryandPACcamethereandallofthemwerebroughtoutofthier
housesandtheyallweretakenonthemainroadandmadetosit. They
weremadetositseparatelyandhisbrotherSadruddinwasseparatedfrom
him.Itwasaround06.30pmwhenhealongwithotherhadbeenmadeto
sitinavehicleandsenttoFatehgarhjail.Whenthecurfewwasrelaxed,
hisuncleAmirAhmedcameandmethiminthejailandwhenheasked
himabouthisbrother,hetoldhimthathehadbeenmadetositinthePAC
vehicle. He further deposed that subsequently, it was learnt that his
brotherhadbeenshotdeadatMuradnagarNahar.
PW64AnwarAhmeddeposedthaton22.05.1987,hewas
comingoutoftheMasjidafterNamaazanditwasaround02.0002.30pm.
Anannouncementwasmadeaskingthepeopletocomeoutoftheirhouses
as searches were to be made. PAC people and military people had
climbedtotheroofsofthehousesandthereaftertheyallwerebroughton
the main road. He further deposed that children and old people were
being separated from young people and some of the people were also
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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beatenbythem.AndtheywereforcedtogetintotrucksandtakentoP.S
Civil Line. Further that they were beaten there during the night and
thereaftertheyweresenttothejail.
PW66Mr.Sirajuddindeposedthaton22.05.1987hewas
presentathishouse.ItwasFridayandatabout02.0003.00pm,hehad
returnedbacktohishouseafterNamaaz. Furtherthataannouncement
wasmadethatallshouldcomeoutoftheirhousesassearchwastobe
conducted.Localpolice,ladypolice,PACandmilitaryenteredthehouses
andbroughtalltheresidentsoutofthehouseswiththeirhandsraised.His
housewastowardsendofthegali.Theyallwerebroughttothemainroad
andtheyallweremadetositdown.Amongstthepeoplewhoweresitting
ontheroad,childrenandagedwereaskedtogettoasideandhealsowent
towardsasidealongwiththem.Thechildrenandtheagedweremadeto
stand in a line and were asked to go back home. Some people from
amongstthosewerealsopickedout,howeverhemanagednottobepicked
outandsomehowmanagedtogobacktohishome.
PW67 Sh. Abdul Gaffar deposed that on 22.05.1987 at
about 02.00 pm, he was sitting in the Baithak of his house and one
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Thanedarandonemilitaryofficercametohimandaskedhimifhehada
gunwithhimandhetoldthemthathehadagunandheaskedhisson
Sukatohandovertheguntothem.Furtherthathissonhandedoverhis
gunandtwocartridgestothemandtheyaskedhimtotakereceiptandhe
toldthemthathewouldtakethereceiptafterwardsbuttheyinsistedthat
heshouldaccompanythemandtakethereceiptandtheytookhimwith
them. Furtherthat they took him inabus topolicelinewherepolice
officersgetstraining. Thereweremanyotherpeoplewithhimandthey
allwerebeaten.Mohallapeoplehadbeenmadetositseparatelyonroad
and in the mohalla and had been taken awayin some trucks from the
mohalla. Furtherthat afterreaching policelinewhentheywerebeing
madetogetdownfromthebus,itwasaskedifanyHinduwasamongst
them,heshouldtellhisname.Atthattime,hethoughtthatheshouldgive
out hisnameasbeing aHindubut thenhedecidedagainst it.Hewas
beaten and as a result thereof his left forearm got fractured. They
remainedintheroominthepolicelinesfortwodaysandthereafterthey
weretakentoP.SCivilLines. Thereweremanyotherpeoplethereand
theyallwerebeatenwithshoes.Subsequently,healongwithmanyother
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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personshadbeenshiftedtoFatehgarhJail.
PW68Sh.AbdulHamid deposedthaton22.05.1987at
about02.30pmhewashavingfoodathishouseafterhavingcomeback
afterNamaaz.Therewasannouncementmadeaskingallofthemtocome
outforsearchandtheyallcameoutfromtheirhouses.Furtherthatthey
wereallmadetolifttheirhandsandgotowardsthemainroadandafter
theyallhadreachedmainroad,somepeoplewereliftedandmadetosit
intrucks.19peopleincludinghimselfweremadetositinasmalltruck
and fromtheMohallatheyweretakentopolicelineandtheyremained
thereforthreedaysandthereaftertheyweresenttoFatehgarhjailand
theyremainedtherefor56daysandthentransferredtoManipuriJailand
hewasletoffafter24days.
PW77Mst.Hazaradeposedthaton22.05.1987,itwasa
Friday and the month of Ramzan. Afterher children cameback after
Namaz, they all sat together. She further deposed that immediately
militaryandPACpeoplealongwithpoliceenteredtheirhouseandthey
askedallofthemtocomeoutassearchwastobeconducted. Theyall
weretakenoutontheroadbutshedidnotgooutandhadremainedinside
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thehouse.Shefurtherdeposedthatshedidnotknowanythingelse.After
threemonths,hewastakentoPolicestationdetailsofwhichshedidnot
rememberwheresomephotographswereshowntoherandsheidentified
photographofhersonNaimandofJavedwhowassonofherDewarand
thereafterclotheswereshowntoherandsheidentifiedclothsofboththe
boys. She further deposed that her thumb impression was obtained on
somepapers.
PW78Mst.Zarina deposedthaton22.05.1987atabout
02.30pmshewaspresentinherhouseanditwasFriday. Police,PAC
and military came inside their house and took away her husband with
themandherhusbandhadnotreturnedthereafter. Furtherthatherson
JavedandZamirhadalsobeentakenbythem.Zamirreturnedbackhome
afterabout18dayswhileJavedhadnotcomeback.
PW87Sh.Mohd.Isa deposedthaton22.05.1987,itwas
Friday and it was about 04.0005.00 pm and he was present in the
KarkhanainHashimpura.Furtherthatonehotelisalsobeingrunfrom
there. Anannouncementwasmadeaskingeveryonetocomeoutsideas
searchwastobetaken.HiscousinbrotherMohd.Haneefwentout.Many
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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officersofpoliceandPACwerepresentthereandHaneefwastakenby
theminthegaliandhehidhimself. Hefurtherdeposedthattheentire
mohallawastakenbythepoliceandPAC. Hefurtherdeposedthathe
nevermetHaneefthereafter.Hefurtherdeposedthathemadeacomplaint
MarkP87AtotheSSPandaftermanydayshealongwithotherMohalla
peoplehadbeen takenby policetothepolicestationacross theNehar
towardsDelhiandheidentifiedclothesofhiscousinthere.

8.3

WITNESSES RELATING TO INVESTIGATION

CARRIEDOUTBYPOLICESTATIONMURADNAGAR(FIRNo.
141/87P.S.MURADNAGAR).
PW33 Inspr. Rajinder Singh Bhagor deposed that on
23.05.1987, hewasposted asSOPSMuradNagar,districtGhaziabad.
Furtherthatonthatdayatabout03.35amoneKeharSinghcameandmet
himinthepolicestationandheinformedhimthatthreepersonsininjured
conditions were lying near the Pul of Gang Nahar, Murad Nagar and
thereafterhealongwithtwoSubInspectorsnamelyShivKumarDwivedi
andShyamLalandfourconstablesalongwithdriverKeharSinghwent
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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towardsGangNeharinofficialjeep.Hefurtherdeposedthatonreaching
there he found two persons present there and both were in injured
conditionsandonhisasking,oneofthemdisclosedhisnameasMuzibur
RehmansonofSabbir.HefurthertoldhimthatheusedtoworkasPower
LoomMachine,HashimPura,MeerutingaliinfrontofGulmargCinema.
He further deposed that he (Muzibur Rehman) also told him that he
alongwithmanyotherpersonshadbeenpickedupbyuniformedpolice
officialsonexcuseofsearchandhadbeenbroughtfromMeerutandhad
beenshotbythesaidpoliceofficialsnearMuradNagarNeharandhad
beenthrown.Hefurthertoldhimthathealongwiththeotherpersonsby
hissidecametothespotviathecanalandtheanothercompanionwas
lyingontheothersideofthepulia. Hefurtherdeposedthattheother
personwasnotinapositiontospeak.Hetookboththeinjuredwithhim
inthejeepandtheycrossedoverthepuliaandwenttoothersidetosearch
ofthethirdperson.Afterdrivingforadistanceofaboutonetooneand
halfkilometer,hefoundaninjuredbysideoftheroadnearthepushtaand
said injured disclosed his name as Mohd. Usman and he was not in a
position to speak much. He brought all the three injured to the police
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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stationandonoralinformationgivenbyMuziburRehman,hegotthecase
registeredatabout04.15amvidecrimeno.141/87u/s302/307/364/201
IPC.Hefurtherdeposedthatheobservedtheirinjuriesandgotprepared
NakshaMajroobiandastheirconditionsappearedtobeserious,hetook
themtoNarinderMohanHospital,MohanNagarandgotthemadmittedat
about05.20am.Hefurtherdeposedthatonthewaytohospital,oneofthe
injuredexpired.Intimationregardingdeathofunknownpersonwassent
toPSSahibabadwhichwasthenearestpolicestation.Afterleavingtwo
constables at the hospital, he went to report the matter to District
MagistrateasinquestproceedingsweretobeconductedbyMagistrateas
thedeceasedhaddiedwhilehewaswithhiminthepolicevehicle. He
alsorequestedtheDistrictMagistratetorecorddyingdeclarationofthe
twoinjuredMujiburandUsmanastheirconditionwasseriousandDistrict
MagistratedeputedAddl.DistrictMagistratetodotheneedful. ADM
markedthemattertoMs.SnehLala,ASDMandhehandedovertheorder
to the ASDM and thereafter hecompleted his written proceedings and
thenreturnedbacktothespoti.ePuliaatGangNahar.Hefurtherdeposed
thatheinspectedthespotonpointingoutofKeharSinghandhecollected
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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blood stainedMittiandSadaMittifromthespotinpresenceofMohd.
Hanif and Kehar Singh and the same had been seized vide memo
Ex.PW33/A and the witnesses affixed their thumb impression on the
same.Twosampleswereconvertedintotwoseparatepullandasandsealed
with the seal of RSB. He further deposed that he prepared site plan
Ex.PW33/B.HerecordedstatementofoneconstableandSIShyamLal
and subsequently case was transferred to CBCID. He was duly cross
examinedonbehalfofaccusedpersons.
PW56Sh.N.UAnsarideposedthatduringendofmonth
ofMay1987,Sh.KhalidHashmibroughtSh.ZulifkarNasirtohishouse.
Sh.Khalidhadearliertalkedtohimontelephonebeforecomingtohis
house.OneMirajudinhadalsocomewiththem.Sh.ShakawatAli,who
washisnextdoorneighbouralsocametohishouse.ZulifqarNasirwasin
injured condition and told him everything in respect of what had
happened on 22.05.1987. Thereafter he had a telephonic talk with Sh.
SaiyedShabuddin,whowasaM.PandalsowithSh.ChanderShekhar,
M.P. He took Zulfiqar to Sh. Sahabudin alongwith 23 other persons.
Further that his statement was recorded in this case during course of
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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investigation.
PW83Mohd.Hanifdeposedthathewasrunningateastall
onthepuliaofGangNaharatMuradnagar.Intheyear1987,hehadseen
apersonlyingininjuredconditionnearhisteastall. Heidentifiedhis
thumbimpressiononexhibitalreadyEx.PW33/A.
PW85Sh.ChanderKantTyagi deposedthaton28.08.1987,he
waspostedasJudicialMagistrate,Meerutandonthatdayanapplication
forrecordingstatementsu/s164Cr.P.CinrespectofNaeemandUsman
wasmovedbeforehimbytheIO.VidehisorderEx.PW85/Ahefixed
01.09.87asthedateforrecordingtheirstatementsu/s164Cr.P.C. He
furtherdeposedthaton01.09.1987,freshapplicationwasfiledbeforehim
byIOwithrequestthatstatementofoneZulfikarNasirwasalsotobe
recordedu/s164Cr.P.CandhevidehisorderEx.PW85/Borderedthat
hisstatementberecorded.Witnesseswerepresentinthecourtandvide
hisorderdt.Ex.PW85/Cdt.01.09.87,heorderedthattheirstatementbe
recorded after lunch. Statement of one witness Mohd. Usman was
recordedon01.09.1987andtheapplicationwasadjournedforrecording
statements of remaining witnesses for 02.09.1987 vide his order
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Ex.PW85/D.StatementofUsmanrecordedbyhimu/s164Cr.P.Cwas
alreadyEx.PW3/AbearinghissignatureatpointX. On02.09.1987he
recorded statements of Mohd. Naeem u/s 164 Cr.P.C as already
Ex.PW2/AandstatementofZulfikarasalreadyEx.PW1/A.Hefurther
deposed that vide his order Ex.PW85/E dt. 02.09.1987, statements
recorded wereordered tobekept insealed coverandsent told.court
concerned. He further deposed that on 11.12.1987 one application was
filed by Inspector R.C. Gautam before Ld. CJM for inspection of
statementsandIOwaspermittedtoinspectthesaidstatement.Furtherthat
vide his order Ex.PW85/F the statements were ordered to be kept in
sealedcover.

8.4

WITNESSES RELATING TO INVESTIGATION

CARRIEDOUTBYPOLICESTATIONLINKROADGHAZIABAD
(FIRNo.110/87P.S.LINKROAD,GHAZIABAD).
PW6 Sh. Sukhbir Singh r/o VPO Makanpur, Distt.
Ghaziabad,U.P.deposedthatthereisacanalneartheirvillageanditisat
adistanceofabouthalfkilometerfromtheabadiofthevillage.Hefurther
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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deposedthatabout20yearsbackanumberofdeadbodieshadbeenfound
inthecanalandhewasunabletorecollecttheirnumbers,however,itisa
factthatthedeadbodiesweremorethanone.Anumberofvillagerswere
presentatthattimeandhewasalsothere.Policeofficialswerealsothere
andpoliceofficialshadtakenoutthosedeadbodies.Hehadnotidentified
those dead bodies. The police officials had prepared Panchnamas and
sincehehadwitnessedthetakingoutofthedeadbodiesfromthecananl,
therefore,hesignedthePanchnamasasawitnessofthatparticularfact.
HeprovedPanchnamaasEx.PW6/A.
PW7Sh.RatanSinghdeposedthatearlierhewasworking
as constable in U.P police and in the year 1987, he was posted as
constableatPoliceStationLinkRoad,Ghaziabad.Hefurtherdeposedthat
hewasonSantrydutyandhisdutyhourswerefrom09.00pmto12.00
midnight. A number of persons had come to the police station and
informed thepoliceofficialsthatsomeoccurrencehadtakenplace.He
alongwith34morepoliceofficialshadthenrushedtowardsMakanpur
side where they found a young man of 2022 years in an injured
conditionsandhewasalive.Theyhadbroughthimtothepolicestation.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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He did not know as to where that body had been sent by the Station
officer.Hefurtherdeposedthatexceptthisnothinghadhappenedinhis
presence.Heagainsaid,thatbodyhadbeensenttoMohanNagarHospital
bytheSO,howeverhehadnotgonewithhim.Since,hewasresilingfrom
hispreviousstatement,hewasdulycrossexaminedbyLd.Spl.PP.
PW8 Ct.RatanLal deposed that hehadbeenposted in
policestationLinkRoad,Ghaziabadintheyear1987andhehadbeen
handedovertwodeadbodiesforbeingtakentothemortuarynearHindon
Bridgeandhehaddepositedthosetwodeadbodiesinthemortuary.He
furtherdeposedthatthenamesofthosetwopersonsarenotknowtohim.
HeprovedEx.PW8/A&Ex.PW8/B.

PW12 Sh. Digambar Tyagi deposed that in the present


case,hehadsimplyheardfiringoftheshots.Hehadnotseenastowho
hadfired,whowasinjured,whathadhappenedtotheinjuredetc.Itwas
waybackin1987whenhehadheardthefiringshotsatabout10.00pm
when he had gone to answer the call of nature at his village. He
voluntarilydeposedthathedidnotknowastowhetherthesoundwasof
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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firesorsomethingelse.Afteransweringthecallofnature,hecameback
to his house and he did not take any action in this regard. Since, the
witness was resiling from his previous statement, he was duly cross
examinedbyLd.Spl.PPbutdespitedetailedcrossexamination,hedid
notsupporttheversionofprosecution.
PW13Inspr.VirenderSinghYadavdeposedthatin1987,
he was posted as SubInspector at PS Link Road Ghaziabad. The
investigation of this case was conducted by him. Again said, on
22.05.1987, an information was received in police station Link Road.
FurtherthatDigambarTyagihadcometothepolicestationatabout08.00
or09.00pmandhadinformedthemthatonthewayofvillageMakanpur,
neartheculvertofcanal,somefiringhadtakenplace.Onreceiptofthis
information,itwasreducedintowritinginthedailydiaryregisterbuthe
was unable to recollect its number. He was unable to recollect as to
whethertheentryhadbeenmadebyhimorbytheMoharirassufficient
timehadelapsedsinethen.HealongwithDigambarTyagiandafewother
policeofficialshadthenproceededintheofficialjeeptotheculvertnear
thecanalonthewaytovillageMakanpurandhadseentheplaceofcrime.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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On seeing the blood stains, he thought that some crime had been
committedthereandthereforehesearchedthenearbyplaces.Hefurther
deposedthatinthecanal,apersonwasfoundwhowasinthewaterandhe
wastryingtoswimtosavehimselfanditappearedthathewasunableto
comeout.Hethentookoutthatpersonfromthecanalwater,hewasin
injuredconditionandwasbleeding,Hehadtalkwithhimandhetoldhim
thatheandafewotherpersonshadbeenbroughtinatruckandhadbeen
firedatandkilledandhadbeenthrowninthecanal.SIRamLakhanwas
thendeputedtotakethatinjuredtohospitalviapoliceStationLinkRoad,
Ghaziabad. The idea was to get the writing work done in the police
station.Hevoluntarilydeposedthatthepolicestationfellonthewayfrom
thatplacetothehospital.Hefurtherdeposedthatnameofthatinjuredwas
Babudeen.Hefurtherdeposedthathe(Babudeen)toldthatthecolourof
thattruckinwhichhehadbeenbroughtwasyellow.CopyofDDNo.50
(MarkA)wasrecordedonthebasisoftheinformationgivenbyDigambar
Tyagi.Hefurtherdeposedthatheremainedattheplaceofoccurrenceand
hadtriedtofindoutastowhethertherewasanyotherinjuredornot.He
alsotriedtofindoutastowhethertherewasanyotherperson,deador
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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alive near the place of occurrence or not, however he could not find
anyone. Hefurther deposed that since Babudeen hadtold him that the
colourof thetruck wasyellowandtherewasaPACbattalionnearby,
therefore,hewentthere. ThenumberofthePACBattalion,whichwas
stationedneartherewasinformedtohimas41st.Thedistancebetween
the place where 41st Bn. Of PAC had been stationed was about one
kilometerfromthepolicestationaswellasfromtheculvert. Hethen
madeinquiresfromtheSantryaswellasotherpublicpersonsandhewas
toldthatnoyellowcolouredtruckhadbeenseenbythem.Whenhewas
onwaytothepolicestationandthetimewasaround02.00amor03.00
am,asecretinformerhadinformedthatayellowcolouredtruckhadbeen
seen by them going towards culvert. Except this no other information
couldbegatheredbyhim.Hehadagaingonetotheplaceofoccurrence
and by that time Station Officer Link Road, Ghaziabad namely Sub
Inspector VeerBahadurSinghhadalso reachedthere.Healsotriedto
search theinjured orotherpersons deadoraliveneartheculvert. He
furtherdeposedthatinvestigationofthiscasehadremainedwithhimtill
23.05.1987 and thereafter the investigation was conducted by SI Veer
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Bahadur Singh. So long the investigation remained with him, he had


recordedstatementoftheinjuredBabuddinu/s161Cr.P.Cinthehospital.
Inthehospital,hehadtakenthebloodstainedBaniyanofBabuddinvide
Ex.PW11/A. He further deposed that he inspected the place of
occurrenceandhadpreparedtheroughsiteplanEx.PW13/A.Hehadalso
takenintopossessionthebloodstainedearthfromtheplaceofoccurrence
vide memo Ex.PW13/B. He further deposed that on 23.05.1987, two
deadbodieswerefoundinthemorningandproceedingu/s174Cr.P.C
videEx.PW8/A&Ex.PW8/Bwereconductedinrespectofthosetwo
dead bodies. Whentheproceedingsu/s174Cr.P.C(Panchnama)were
completedbyhim,nobodyidentifiedthosedeadbodiesandboththedead
bodiesweresentbyhimtomortuary.Although,theinvestigationwasnot
conductedbyhimafter23.05.1987,yeton24.05.1987theproceedingsu/s
174Cr.P.Cinrespectofonemoredeadbodyrecoveredfromthecanal
hadbeenconductedbyhimvideEx.PW13/C,thisdeadbodywasalso
senttomortuaryforpostmortem.Hefurtherdeposedthatapplicationfor
postmortem Ex.PW13/D was prepared by him and permission was
grantedbyDistrictMagistrateandthepostmortemwasconductedduring
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thenight.Hefurtherdeposedthatexceptthis,hehadnotconductedany
otherinvestigation orproceedings.Hefurtherdeposedthathecorrectly
recorded the statement of Babuddin Ex.PW11/DA and statement of
DigambarTyagiasEx.PW12/A.Hewasdulycrossexaminedonbehalf
ofaccusedpersons.
PW14SIRamLakhandeposedthaton22.05.1987,hewas
postedSIinPSLinkRoad,Ghaziabadandonthatdayhewaspresentin
thepolicestationandatabout10.15pm,DigambarSinghhadcometo
police station and informed them that near the culvert/Puliya of the
Makanpurcanal, firing had taken place and 10/12 fireshad been shot.
FurtherthatDigambarSinghfurthertoldthathesuspectsthateithersome
lootisbeingmadeorthereissomeviolence.SIVirenderPalSingh,SI
SripalSinghNagarandhimselfalongwithotherpoliceofficialshadgone
toMakanpurcanalandreachedneartheculvert/Pul/Puliyaatabout10.40
pm.Hefurtherdeposedthatbloodstainswerenoticedbythemnearthe
culvert/Pul/Puliya. It was dark at that time and they with the help of
torchestriedtoseetheareaneartheculvertandatabout11.45Babuddin
wasfoundnearthecanalandhewasbroughtontheroad.Hewashaving
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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gun shotinjuriesanditappearedtothemthatthosewerethegunshot
injuries.He(Babuddin)toldthemthat30/40personshadbeenbroughtin
ayellowcolouredtruckfromMeerutorthatafewpersonshadbeenshot,
killed and thrown in the canal at some distance from that culvert.
Babuddinwasbleedingatthattime andhetoldthemthathehadalso
received two bullet injuries. SI Virender Singh, who was the Team
InchargedirectedthemtotakeBabuddintothepolicestationLinkRoad
GhaziabadandtogettheFIRregisteredandaccordinglyheandCt.Attar
Singh then took Babudin to PS Link Road, Ghaziabad and on his
Statement,theFIRwasregisteredandthereafterhewastakentoNarender
MohanHospital,MohanNagarinofficialjeep.Hefurtherdeposedthathe
wasunabletorecollectastoatwhattimeBabuddinwasgotadmittedin
the hospital. He further deposed that after admitting Babuddin in the
hospital,heleftthehospitalandataboutamon23.05.1987,hereachedat
P.S Link Road, Ghaziabad. He further deposed that on 24.05.1987, he
preparedinquestreportsoftwopersonsvideEx.PW14/A&Ex,PW14/B
andthebodieswerenotidentifiedatthattime.
PW27SISriPalSingh deposedthatintheyear1987,he
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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waspostedinthepolicestationLinkRoad,Ghaziabadandon25.05.1987
hehadpreparedthePanchayatNamaEx.PW27/Aandthesameisinhis
handwriting and bears his signatures. He further deposed that on
25.05.1987hepreparedPanchayatNamaalreadyEx.PW6/A.
PW36SIV.B.Singhdeposedthatintheyear1987hewas
postedatPSLinkRoadGhaziabadasSOandontheinterveningnightof
22/23 May 1987, hehad goneto attend ameeting regarding Delhi/UP
boarderandSIVirenderSinghYadavwasactingasInchargeofpolice
stationduringhisabsence.Hefurtherdeposedthatbeforehereturnedto
thePSfromthemeeting, hecametoknowthat somepersons wearing
Khakhi uniformhadcomeinaKhakhicolouredvehicleandhadtaken
somepersons toMakanpurNaharPuliaandhadshot themandthrown
themthere.HecametoPSLinkRoadandthenwenttothespoti.eMakan
PurNaharPulia.HefurtherdeposedthatSIVirenderSinghYadavmet
himatthepuliaandheinformedhimthatoneoftheinjuredhadbeen
removedtothehospitalthroughSIRamLakhanSinghYadav.Theyall
startedsearchingforthedeadbodiesbutnobodycouldbelocatedatthat
time and thereafter they alongwith additional force searched for the
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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culpritsandtheKhakhivehicle,howevernonecouldbelocated. Blood
wasfoundonthebricksandfloorandhence,sampleinthatregardwere
pickedup. Furtherthatseniorofficialshadalsoreachedatthespoton
receiptofinformationabouttheincidentandseniorofficersdirectedthe
manner in which further investigation was to be conducted. On
24.05.1987investigationofpresentcasewastakenoverbyhimfromSI
VirenderSinghandhesentreportEx.PW36/Aregardingrequisitioning
divers.Priortothatonedeadbodyhadalreadybeenrecoveredandfour
deadbodieswererecoveredsubsequently.HereportedthemattertoLd.
DM for conducting the postmortem as it was already night time and
thereaftermatterwasreportedtoLd.CJMseekingpermissiontorecord
statementoftheinjuredwhowereadmittedinhospital.Furtherthatreport
wasalsoforwardedtoCircleOfficerrequisitioningdocumentsinrespect
of dead bodies which had reached (while flowing inthe water) within
jurisdiction of PS Kalyan Puri, Delhi and application in that regard is
Ex.PW36/B. Furtherthatsubsequentlyinvestigationwastransferredto
CBCID. Further that copy of applications moved before Ld. CJM
GhaziabadseekingcopyofstatementoftheinjuredisEx.PW36/C.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW45Ct.AjayPalSinghdeposedthathehadseencarbon
copyofChickNo.106,FIRNo.110PSLinkRoad,Gaziabadonjudicial
fileandthecarboncopybearsimprintofhissignaturesatpointMarkX.
Further that that is carbon copyofcopyofChick No.106 which was
prepared by Head Moharrir and only his signature was subsequently
obtained.ThedocumentismarkedP45/A.
PW80Ms.SnehlataAggarwal deposedthatduring1987,
shewaspostedasAddl.CityMagistrate,Ghaziabadanditwasacadre
postofDeputyCollector. Furtherthaton23.05.1987shehadrecorded
statement of one Babuddin and proved the same statement as
Ex.PW80/A.
8.5

WITNESES RELATING TO OTHER POLICE

STATIONS
PW9 HC Mangey Ram deposed that as far as he can
recollect, it was in 1987. Further that since more than 20 years have
passed,therefore,hewasunabletorecollecttheexactdateandthemonth.
Furtherthathewasalsounabletorecollecttheexactfactsashecouldnot

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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locatehisstatementu/s161Cr.P.C,however,hewasabletorecollectthe
facttotheextentthatwhilehewaspostedasconstableatPSKalyanpuri,
the IO of the case handed over a dead body for being taken to the
mortuary,SubziMandi,Delhiandhehadbroughtthedeadbodyofan
unknownpersontotheMortuarySubziMandi,Delhi.Hefurtherdeposed
that so long the dead body had remained in his custody, nobody had
temperedwithit.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasunabletorecollectasto
whetherhehadsignedanypaperornot.
PW10 HC Suranjan Singh deposed that before August
1987,hewaspostedasConstableatP.SKalyanPuri.Furtherthatatthat
time, his belt no. was 514. Further that on that particular day, he had
reachedP.SKalyanPuriinthemorningtoattendhisdutyandIOhad
handedoveradeadbodytohimandaskedhimtotakethatbodytothe
mortuarySubziManditogetthepostmortemexaminationconducted.He
furtherdeposedthatheandCt.MangeRamthenbroughtthedeadbodyto
the Mortuary Subzi Mandi and the postmortem was conducted by the
concerned doctor. He further deposed that so long the dead body
remained in his custody, nobody hadtempered withit nor had he and
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Mange Ram tempered with the same. He further deposed that after
postmortem,theytakenthedeadbodytoPSKalyanPuriandhandedover
thebodytoIO.
PW15Inspr.AnilKumar deposedthaton24.05.1987,he
waspostedasSIatPSSahibabad,districtGhaziabad,U.P.Furtherthat
sinceanumberofdeadbodieswererecoveredintheJungleofKaranpur
nearPul/Pulia/culvertandtheareafellwithinthejurisdictionofPSLink
Road,Ghaziabad,theofficialsofotherPolicestationsweresummonedby
theInchargePSLinkRoad,Ghaziabadtoassisttheminconductingthe
proceedingsrelatingtoPanchnamas.Furtherthatassuchon24.05.1987,
he had gone near the culvert/Pul/Pulia, where afewdead bodies were
lying and where he conducted the proceedings u/s 174 Cr.P.C vide
Ex.PW15/A.Hefurtherdeposedthathecommencedtheproceedingsat
about 11.15 am and concluded the same in two hours. Further that
thereafterhehandedoverthepapersanddeadbodytoCt.KunwarPaland
Ct.Harsaroopforappropriateaction.Hefurtherdeposedthatexceptthis
hehaddonenothinginthiscase.
PW18ACPDayaNanddeposedthaton24.05.1987hewas
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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postedasSubInspectoratP.SKalyanPuriandonthatdayonreceiptof
information he alongwith Ct. Surjan Singh reached Kondli Nahar and
foundtwodeadbodiesintheNahar.FurtherthatofficialsofFireBrigade
hadalsoreachedthereandhewiththehelpoffirebrigadeofficialstook
outthosebodiesfromtheNahar.Furtherthathepreparedinquestreport
Ex.PW18/A&Ex.PW18/BandsentthebodiestoSubjiMandimortuary
for postmortem. He further proved his applications Ex.PW18/C &
Ex.PW18/Dforgettingthepostmortemconductedonthosebodies. He
furtherdeposedthatthedeadbodiescouldnotbeidentifiedatthattime
andafterpostmortemthedeadbodieswerehandedovertoPSLinkRoad
asthedeadbodieshadbeenconnectedwiththeFIRNo.110/87&141/87
ofP.SLinkRoad,Ghaziabadvideletter Ex.PW18/EandEx.PW18/F.
Hefurtherdeposedthatpostmortemreportsinrespectofthosetwodead
bodies had been collected by him from the concerned doctor on
25.05.1987.Furtherthatthearticleswhichwererecoveredfromthedead
bodies were taken into possession vide memo Ex.PW18/G &
Ex.PW18/H.
PW24SIBirbalSinghdeposedthaton26.05.1987,hewas
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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postedasHeadConstableinpolicestationDadri,DistrictGhaziabadand
his belt number was 121. Further that on that day, he was the Chief
WriterwhichisequivalenttotheDutyofficer.Hefurtherdeposedthaton
thatdayatabout07.30am,HCGopalSharmahadcometopolicestation
andhadorallyinformedaboutadeadbodybeinglyingneartheRajwaha
nearpolicepostChhapraulaandonthebasisoftheoralinformationgiven
tohim,hehadmadeentryinGDNo.15andprovedthesaidentryas
Ex.PW24/A. Further that the original GD register had already been
destroyed.HefurtherdeposedthatinformationregardingGDNo.15was
giventoSIS.D.Mishrafornecessaryaction.
PW26Sh.S.d.Mishradeposedthatintheyear1987hewas
posted in thepolicestation Dadri asChowki Incharge Saprola District
Ghaziabad U.P. Further that on 27.05.1987 in the morning hours an
information was received in the police chowki and after making
registrationofthesameinthepolicestation,hewenttoneardistributory
(Razbaha) and on reaching therehefoundthedeadbodystruck inthe
pulia. He further deposed that the dead body was removed and the
PanchayatNamawasregisteredandthesamewasrecordedbyhiminhis
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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handwriting.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasaccompaniedtothepuliaby
HCRamGopalwhohadgiventheinformationandtwoconstablesChand
Bir Singh and Ishwar Singh. He further deposed that the public
persons/passerbynearthepuliawerecalledandtheywereappointedas
Panchas.HefurtherprovedPanchayatNamaasEx.PW26/A.Hefurther
deposedthatoncompletionofformalitiesofPanchayatNama,thedead
body was sealed and it was sent for the postmortem to the District
Hospital,Ghaziabad,U.P.
PW81 SI Bhojraj deposed that in the year 1987, he was
posted in PS Sector 58, Noida, District Ghaziabad. Further that on
24.05.1987hehadconductedinquestproceedingsinrespectofthreedead
bodiesfoundwithinthejurisdictionofPSLinkRoadGhaziabad.Further
thatdocumentspreparedbyhiminthatregardareEx.PW81/A,B&C
bearinghissignaturesatpointsMarkX.

8.6

WITNESSES RELATING TO THE INVESTIGATION

CARRIEDOUTBYCBCID
PW25Mohd.Akhlaq deposedthatin1987hisfatherused
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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to reside at 4, Bagicha Mohd. Hussain, Hashimpura, Meerut 250001.


Furtherthathisfamilyandthefamilyofhisbrotheralsousedtoreside
there. Since his place of posting was Haldwani, therefore he used to
resideinHaldwani,Distt.Nainital. Inthiscaseduringinvestigation,he
hadhandedoveraphotostatecopyoftheFIRlodgedbyhismotherSmt.
BatulFatimatotheofficialsofCB/CID,U.PPolice.Hefurtherdeposed
thathismotherSmt.BetulFatimaexpiredon02.04.1997.Furtherthathe
hadseenthephotostatecopyofwrittencomplaintdt.10.06.1987andthe
original of that was written by him and his mother put herright hand
thumbimpressiononthesame.
PW34IshwarSinghdeposedthatintheyear1994,hewas
postedinCBCIDMeerutasConstable. Furtherthatonthatdayhehad
gonetomeasureandverifydistancealongwithInspectorR.N.Shuklaand
DriverCt.Rameshwar.FurtherthatfromtheirofficeinMeeruttheyhad
goneviapolicelinetoGhaziabadvideJeepNo.UP321330whichwas
driven by Ct. Rameshwar. He further deposed that as long time had
lapsed,hedidnotrememberthedistancecovered.
PW35Ct.RameshwarCBCIDMeerutdeposedthatinthe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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year1994hewaspostedasdriverinCBCIDandwasdrivingJeepNo.
UP321330.Furtherthatonthatday,oninstructionsofInspr.Shukla,he
alongwithCt.IshwarSinghwentinJeepNo.UP321330frompoliceline
Meerutand reachedto41st PACGhaziabadandtheyhadmeasuredthe
saiddistanceas160kilometersi.egoingandcomingbacktotheiroffice.
PW40Retd.InspectorRangnathShukla deposedthatin
the year 1994, he was posted in CBCID, Meerut and he joined
investigationofthiscasealongwithSr.InspectorSh.UdavirSingh. He
further deposed that the distance between Meerut and Ghaziabad via
Makanpur,PAC41stBattalionGhaziabadwasmeasuredbywayofofficial
jeepofCBCIDbearingno.UP321330. Furtherthatthedistancewas
measuredtobe160kilometers.FurthermemointhisregardEx.PW40/A
waspreparedbyInspr.UdavirSingh.
PW41Retd. Sr. Inspector Udaivir Singh deposed that
investigation of this case remained with him from 08.01.1992 till
30.08.1995.Furtherthatduringcourseofinvestigation,hehadexchanged
officialscommunicationswiththeseniorofficers,Meerut.Furtherthaton
02.02.1994,hepreparedamemoregardingroutetestingandduringcourse
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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ofsaidtesting,healongwithhisstaffhadgonebytheJeepofCBCIDfrom
MeeruttoGangNahartoMakanpur(HindonNahar)toMeerut.Further
that the total distance covered was measured and found to be 160
kilometers. Furtherthaton31.08.1995,heretiredandinvestigationwas
markedtosomeoneelse.
PW42Retd.Inspr.BadanSinghYadav deposedthat he
investigatedthepresentcasefrom20.07.1988till12.06.1989andduring
thecourseofinvestigation,hehadreceivedthepolicediaryoftheearlier
IOK.L.Sharmaandhadgonethroughthesame.Furtherthathehadalso
gotconductedinspectionofPACtruckNo.URU1493whichhadbeen
usedbytheaccusedpersons.FurtherthatexpertfromLucknowhadbeen
calledtopolicelineGhaziabadforinspectionofthetruckandtheexpert
washed the blood stains found in the truck and had collected the said
watermixedwithbloodandhadalsotakenphotographofthetruck.After
seen13photographsoftruckonthejudicialfile,hedeposedthatthose
photographsweretakeninhispresenceandthosephotographswereMark
P42/P1to13.Duringhisreexaminationu/s311Cr.P.Chedeposedthat
hecanidentifywritingsandsignaturesofInspr.K.L.SharmaandInspr.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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JaiDuttSharma.HefurtheridentifiedmemoEx.PW42/Abearinghand
writingandsignaturesofInspr.K.L.Sharma.
PW72 Inspr. Ranbir Singh Bishnoi deposed that during
199596hewaspostedasInspectorinCBCID,SectorMeerut.Furtherthat
uponInspectorUdaiVirretiringfromtheservice,investigationofpresent
casewastransferredtohimtowardsendof1996.Furtherthatmatterhad
beencompletelyinvestigatedbeforeinvestigationwastransferredtohim.
Furtherthatastheaccusedhadtobearrested,hehadsenttherelevant
enquiriesinthatregardtotheconcernedbattalionsofPAC.Furtherthat
aftertheaccusedpersonsweresuspended,thechargesheetwasprepared
andfiledinthecourt.
PW76Sh.YashpalTalwardeposedthatheretiredfromUP
police.Furtherthatintheyear1987,hewaspostedasAdjutant(Deputy
SP)in41stBattalion,PACandwasthenpostedinGhaziabad.Furtherthat
on22/23.05.1987hewasondutyinDelhi.Furtherthatatabout10.00pm,
hereturnedbacktohisquarterinthebattalionfromDelhi.Furtherthatat
about 10.3011.00 pm, he was informed by constable of PAC that the
Commandant and the SSP Gaziabad were reaching. Further that M.T.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Section ofthebattalion andthat all theofficers hadbeencalled there.


FurtherthatSh.JodhSinghBhandariwasthethenCommandantof41 st
Battalion,PAC.FurtherthathewentthereandtheCommandant,SSPand
theDMalsoreachedthere.Furtherthattheyhadsometalksthereandthen
theCommandanttoldhimthattheSSPhadtogotoMTSectionandasked
himtoaccompanyhim.Furtherthat57trucksofPACwerelyingparked
intheM.TsectionandSSPcheckedallthesaidtrucks. Furtherthathe
climbedonthetrucksandcheckedthesamewithtorchlight.Furtherthat
therewasapondneartheM.Tsectionandithadwaterandsomereddish
colour.FurtherthatonseeingwhichtheSSPstatedthatsomevehiclehad
beenwashed. Furtherthatthereaftertheyallreturnedbacktothespot
wherealltheofficersweresitting.FurtherthattheSSPandDMleftafter
sometime.Hefurtherdeposedthathecannotsaywhetherornothewould
beabletoidentifythesignaturesofMr.S.Bhandari,ifshowntohim.

8.7

MEDICALWITNESSES
PW5 Dr. S.N. Aggarwal (retired) deposed that on

25.05.1987, he was posted as Orthopedic Surgeon in district Hospital,


Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Ghaziabad andonthat day,hehadconductedpostmortem onthedead


body of an unknown male. Further that the postmortem had been
conductedinsufficientartificiallightbytheordersofDistrictMagistrate,
Ghaziabad.HeprovedhisdetailedpostmortemreportasEx.PW5/A.
PW16Dr.JaiPrakashdeposedthaton25.05.1987,hewas
postedasMedicalOfficer,districtHospitalGhaziabadandonthatdayhe
conductedpostmortemonthebodyofanunknownmaleandprovedhis
detailedpostmortemreportasEx.PW16/A. Hefurtherdeposedthaton
thesameday,Ct.SureshChandandCt.AshokKumarofPSSector58,
Noidabroughtonemoredeadbodyonunknownmaleandheconducted
postmortemonthebodyofsaidunknownmaleandprovedhisdetailed
postmortem report as Ex.PW16/B. He further deposed that the
postmortemreportsandthebulletweresealedwiththesealofhospital
andwerehandedovertothepoliceofficials.
PW17Dr.S.C.Mishradeposedthaton24.05.1987whilehe
was working as Medical officer in District Hospital Ghaziabad, he
conducted postmortem on the body of one unknown muslim and he
provedhisdetailedreportasEx.PW17/A.Hefurtherdeposedthatonthe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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sameday,healsoconductedpostmortemonbodyofoneanotherunknown
male and he further proved his detailed postmortem report as
Ex.PW17/B. He further deposed that on 25.05.1987 he conducted
postmortem on the body of three male Muslim unknown persons and
provedhisdetailedreportasEx.PW17/C,Ex.PW17/DandEx.PW17/E
respectively.
PW28Dr.A.K.Sharma,deposedthaton25.05.1987while
he was posted as Sr. Physician in District Hospital, Ghaziabad, he
conducted four postmortem and proved the postmortem reports as
Ex.PW28/A,Ex.PW28/BandEx.PW28/CandEx.PW28/D.
PW29Dr.J.Prasad deposedthaton25.05.1987whilehe
was posted as Medical Officer in District Hospital, Ghaziabad, he
conducted two postmortem and proved the postmortem reports as
Ex.PW29/AandEx.PW29/B.
PW32Dr.A.K.Rattiprovedpostmortemreportno.431/87
dt.26.05.1987asEx.PW32/A.
PW43 Dr. Subodh Tyagi deposed that in 1987, he was
postedasmedicalofficerinSVBPHospital,Meerut.Afterseencopyof
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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MLCinrespectofLeelaDharonjudicialfile,hedeposedthatinabsence
oftheoriginal,hecannot sayanythingregardingthat copyMark43A.
Duringhisreexaminationhedeposedthathehadseendocumentalready
MarkP69/A,thenEx.PW43/AbearshissignaturesatpointsMarkX,X1
&X2. During his reexamination u/s 311 Cr.P.Chedeposed that on
23.05.1987 he was working as Medical Officer in Casualty of SVPB
hospital, Meerut and after seeing Casualty Admission Register, he
deposedthatentryno.1855/87of23.05.1987ofpatientLeelaDhar,PAC
No.51769isinthehandwritingofInternDr.R.Rastogi. Copyofsaid
entry was Ex.PW43/A. After seeing Original Accident Register, he
deposedthattheinjuryatpageno.76,pertainingtopatientLeelaDhar
PACNo.51769agedabout38yearsisinhishandwritingandprovedthe
sameasEx.PW43/B. Hefurtherdeposedthatatthetimeofhisearlier
examinationthehandmadecopyofsaidreportwastenderedasMarked
43/A.
PW44Dr.S.C.Dwivedi deposedthatintheyear1987,he
waspostedasProfessorofRadiologyinLLRMCollege,Meerut.Further
that after seen on record photocopy of report in respect of Xray no.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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206207/87, he proved that document as Mark P44A. During re


examinationafterseeingdocumentMarkP69C,hedeposedthatportion
encircleredonthesameisEx.PW44/Aandsameisinhishandwriting
andbearshissignaturesatpointMarkX.
PW69 Sh. Mam Chand deposed that he has brought the
summonedrecordi.eaccidentalregisterw.e.f06.05.1987to05.10.1987
fromSVBPhospital,Meerutandphotocopyofpageno.76ofthesaid
registered was marked as P69A. He further deposed that he cannnot
identifyastoinwhosehandwritingthesaidpageis.Hehasalsobrought
theCasualtyAdmissionRegisterfromSVBPHospital,Meerutandcopy
of entry no. 1855/87 dated 23.05.1987 was Marked P69 B. He also
producedXrayslipinrespectofXrayno.206207/87inrespectofLeela
DharfromLLRMMedicalCollegeMeerutandcopyofsamewasmarked
P69C
PW71 Dr. M.K. Singhai deposed about his postmortem
reportno.405/87andprovedthesameasEx.PW71/A.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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FIRNo.110/87&141/87
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WITNESSESFROMPAC
PW47 Ct. DriverPadamSingh deposed that intheyear

1987,hewaspostedin41stBattalionDCompanyPACandwasondutyin
Meerutandwasdriveroftruckno.URC8405.Furtherthataslongtime
haslapsed,hecannottelltheexactdatewhenhewascalledinpoliceline,
Meerutforgoingtoleadvehicleno.URU1352at41stBattalionGaziabad.
Furtherthataftercheckingthevehicle,hetookthesameandparkeditat
41stBattalionGaziabad.Furtherthatsomepersonnelsalsosatinthesaid
vehiclebeforehewentandparkeditinGaziabad.Furtherthathedidnot
knowanythingelse.
PW70 SI Ram Chand Giri deposed that in the year
198788,hewasinserviceof41stVahini,PAC,Ghaziabadandwasposted
as SI MT and his duties were to provide vehicles for PAC as per
requirementwhichusedtobeinformedtohimeachdayinthemorning.
Further that a running register used to be maintained regarding the
vehiclesprovided.Furtherthatvehicleno.URU1493wasthereunderhis
controlduringthatperiod.Furtherthatsaidregisteredusedtobesigned
bythepersontakingthevehicleorthedriverwhousedtogetthevehicle
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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refueled.FurtherthattherunningregisterinrespectofvehicleURU1493
for the period 03.01.1986 to 30.06.1988 is Ex.PW70/A and bears his
signaturesatvariousplaces.Furtherthatintheyear1987IshtkarAhmed
wasthedriverwhohadtakenthisvehicletoMeerut.Furtherthatsome
altercation took place between the driver and sepoys of PAC and the
quarterMasterShriSukhbirSinghSirohireturnedthevehiclealongwith
thedriverandaskedforanothervehicleandthereafterMokhamSinghhad
takenthesaidvehicle.
PW89 Sh. Sube Singh deposed that he joined service on
20.05.1962andretiredon31.03.1998asDSP.Furtherthatheremainedin
41stBatallionPACfromApril1984till31.12.1987.Furtherthatthesenior
most officer in a battalion of PAC is the Commandant. Further that
thereafter there are three Assistant Commandant; one Quarter Master;
Company Commander (as per number of companies); three platoon
Commanderineachcompany;oneSubedarMajorfortheentireBattalion.
FurtherthatfromApril1984toDecember1987,hehadbeenpostedas
CompanyCommanderofBCompanyin41stBattalionPAC.Furtherthat
the 41st Battalion PAC was stationed in Ghaziabad while the relevant
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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companiescouldbepostedondutyelsewherealso.Hefurtherdeposed
thatashedidnotremember,hecannotsayastowheretheB,C&G
companyof41stBattalionhadstationedinMay1987.Furtherthatplatoon
commander of C Company was Surender Pal Singh in 1987 and his
company was stationed in Meerut in May1987 and not in Ghaziabad.
FurtherthatthecompanywasondutyinMeerut.Hefurtherdeposedthat
RamRattanwasCompanyCommanderofCCompanyinMay1987and
heusedtoremaininMeerutalongwiththecompany.Hefurtherdeposed
thathehadnoknowledgeastowhereofficerspostedinCcompanyuseto
retireafterdutywasoverinMeerut.
PW90 HC Niranjan Lal Gautam deposed that he was
postedinPACon28.02.1981.Furtherthattransferrecordsinrespectof
officersofPACismaintainedinrespectiveunits.Furtherthathehadbeen
postedwith47thBattalionPACduring20082010andhehadbeenposted
in41stBattalionfrom20.12.1991tillJuly2008.
PW91Ct.MayaPrakashdeposedthatheremainedposted
in41stBattalionPACfrom1981till2002.Furtherthatintheyear1987,
41stBattalionwaspostedinMeerut.Furtherthatatthattime,hewasinC
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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CompanyoftheBattalion.HefurtherdeposedthatRamRattanwasthe
Company CommanderofCCompany 41st Battalion PACin1987. He
furtherdeposedthathehadnopersonalknowledgebuthehadheardthat
he(RamRattan)hadexpired.Hefurtherdeposedthatashehadseenhim
writing and signing, he canidentify his handwriting and signatureand
after seeing the list of the PAC officials posted in 'C' Company i.e
Ex.PW91/A, he identified his signature on the same at point X. He
furtherdeposedthatSurinderPalSinghwasthePlatoonCommanderat
thattime.

8.9

EXPERTWITNESSES
PW37 Dr. S.K. Lehri (Retired Senior Scientific Officer,

GradeI,CFSL,CBI,NewDelhi)deposedabouthispolygrapytestreport
no.DFSL89/L3010andprovedthesameasEx.PW37/A.
PW38Sh.OmPrakashManiTripathi(retiredasBallistic
expertFSL,Lucknow)deposedabouthisballisticreportno.223Bal87
dt.12.08.1987andprovedthesameasEx.PW38/A.Healsoprovedhis
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Ballisticreportno.124Bal89dated04.12.89asEx.PW38/B.Hisreport
number CS4/88 regarding inspection of truck no. URU1493 is
Ex.PW38/C. He further proved his another ballistic report No.
197/Bal87dt.06.06.1987Ex.PW38/D.
PW39 Sh. Roop Singh (retired as Principal Scientific
Officer&HeadofBallisticDivision,CFSL,CBI,NewDelhi)deposed
abouthisCFSLreportno.CFSL90/F944dt.13.12.1990andprovedthe
sameasEx.PW39/A.
PW82 Sh. Mahesh Narain Tiwari deposed that around
1987,whilehewaspostedinFSL,Lucknow,hewasdeputedtogoto
Meeruttoinspectatruckwhichreportedlywasinvolvedinsomeincident
there.FurtherthathewenttoMeerutandinspectedthePACtruckina
policestationbuthedidnotfindanythinginthesaidtruckwhichcould
concerntohim.
8.10

OTHERREMAININGWITNESSES
PW46Sh.GajenderSingh deposedthaton17.111989,he

wasworkingasphotographerwithDainikJagran,Meerut.Furtherthathe
had taken some photographs of the spot at Hashimpura, Meerut and
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thereafter he had handed over the same to the newspaper office for
publication and he can identify the same if the photographs or the
publicationisshowntohim.Hefurtherdeposedthathedidnotremember
thedateormonthwhenthesaidphotographsweretakenbyhim.
PW59Dr.NaseemZaidideposedthatintheyear1987,he
was posted as District Magistrate Ghaziabad and communal riots took
place in Meerut in May 1987 and during intervening night of
22/23.05.1987,hewastelephonicallyinformedbySh.V.N.Rai,thethen
SSP,GhaziabadthatsomePACpersonnelhadkilledsomepeopleinthe
jurisdictionofP.SLinkRoad,Ghaziabadandthathewasproceedingto
thespotofincidentalongwiththethenCommandantofPAC. Sh.Rai
alsorequestedhimtoreachthespoti.e41 stPACHeadQuarter.Hefurther
deposedthathealongwithsomemagistratesreach41stPACHeadQuarter
andhemetSh.V.N.RaiwhoinformedhimthatplatoonCommandanthad
broughtaPACtruckwasheditandtakenitbacktoMeerut. Hefurther
deposedthathealsoinformedhimabouthavingdetectedsomeredwatery
bloodlikesubstanceintheMTsectionofHeadquarter.Furtherthathe
hadatalkwithotherPACofficersandthereaftersuggestedthatweall
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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shouldgotoP.SLinkRoadandonreachingP.SLinkRoad,Ghaziabad,
theyfoundaninjuredBabuddinthere.HealongwithSh.Raihadatalk
withBabuddinwhotoldthemthathealongwithotherpersonshadbeen
pickedupfromHashimpurabysomeKhakhiwearingpersonsandwere
transportedinayellowcolortruck.Healsotoldthemaboutsomepersons
being killed near a canal and that some people had been brought to
anothercanalspotandhadbeenshotat.Babuddinalsoclaimedtohave
received a gun shot wound. He further deposed that he (Babuddin)
claimedtohavebeenrescuedbythepolicewhichhadreachedthespot.
HefurtherdeposedthataftertheyhadatalkwithBabuddin,hewassentto
MohanNagarHospitalandallthenecessaryformalitieswereconducted
bythelocalpoliceinthepolicestation. AstheincidentinvolvedPAC,
Sh.Raiandhimselfthoughtitfittoinformhigherauthoritiesregarding
the incident and at about 03.00 am, on that day, the Chief Minister
happenedtopassthroughtheroadinfrontofPACHeadquartergoing
towardsMeerut,healongwithSh.RairequestedhimtohaltattheDak
Bunglow,Ghaziabadandtheybriefedhimabouttheincident.Hefurther
deposed that the Chief Minister directed them to accompany him to
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Meerut where the DGP and other senior police officers were already
camping and accordingly Sh.Rai and himself accompanied the CMto
Meerut.TheyreachedMeerutCircutHousewherebriefingsessiontook
placeandallofficerspresentthereweredulybriefedabouttheincident.
TheofficerswereDGP,CommissionerMeerut,I.GMeerut,DM&SSP
Meerut and other officers. He as well as Mr. Rai were directed to
maintain law and order situation in their area. Mr. Rai returned to
Ghaziabad from Meerut at about 06.00 am and he reached Ghaziabad
coupleofhourslater.Hefurtherdeposedthatdeadbodieswererecovered
on23.05.1987 andalsoon24.05.1987. Hefurtherdeposedthatasthe
matterwasseriousandsensitive,onadviseoftheSSP,herecommended
GovernmenttohandoverthecasetoCBCID.
PW65Sh.G.L.Sharma deposedthatpriorto22.05.1987,
he was posted as SSP, Varansasi, but as on 22.05.1987, he was on
compulsorywaitingperiodandwasinChandigarh.On22.05.1987hegot
atelephone callfromthethenHomeSecretarySh.MataPrasad tothe
effectthatheshouldreporttoUPNiwasimmediatelyandshouldcallupon
theChiefSecretary.Sh.MataPrasadalsohintedthathewouldbeposted
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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asOSDLaw&Order,Meeruttocontrolthecommunalriots.Hefurther
deposedthathewenttoUPNiwasinDelhiandmettheChiefSecretary
andhedirectedhimtoreportinMeerutandthathewillgethisposting
orderthere. Accordingly,hewenttoMeerutandhemettheDGP,UP,
who waspresent in Meerut.Furtherthat hetook overasOSDLaw&
Orderthenextdaymorningi.e23.05.1987.
PW73Sh.V.K.B.NairdeposedthatfromJanuary1986to
31stMay1987hehadbeenpostedasSSPMeerut.Furtherthattherehad
beensomecommunalprobleminMeerutduringtheperiodhewasposted
thereandittookplaceinthemonthofMay1987andthesamehadtaken
placeaftertheBabriMasjidhadbeenopenedforprayersandbesidesthat
therewasnootherspecificreasonsforthecommunal problem.Further
thatsomestabbingincidentsandarsonhadtakenplaceinhisareaduring
that period and DGP D.S. Bhatnagar came alongwith his team from
LucknowtoMeerut.Furtherthathewasrelievedoflawandorderduties
w.e.f21/22 May1987 andthereafterSh.G.L.Sharmawasassigned as
OSDandwaslookingafterlawandorder.Furtherthatthereafterhewas
lookingafterthegeneraldisciplineofthepoliceforceintheareaandalso
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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theirwelfare,accommodation,transportlogisticsetc.
PW74 Sh. V.N Rai deposed that on 22.05.1987 he was
postedasSPGhaziabadandatabout10.30pmonthatdaySh.V.B.Singh,
StationOfficerP.SLinkRoadGhaziabadcametohimathisresidenceand
informedhimthatPAChadkilledsomepeopleatMakanpurvillagenear
Nahar. HeinformedDistrictMagistrateMr.NaseemZaidithesaidfact
and he also informed other offices including Addl. SP Sh. Kamlender
Prasad.HerequestedDistrictMagistratetoreach41stBattalionPACand
he also went there alongwith his officers and on reaching there he
interactedwiththeofficerspresentthereandhewasinformedthatone
Platoon CommanderSurenderPalSinghhadcomefromMeerutwitha
PACtruckandhadleftthebattalionforMeerutbeforehehadreached
there. Further that District Magistrate reached the battalion at about
11.3012.00midnightandhealongwithDMwenttotheMotorTransport
sectionofthebattalion.Thegroundtherewasfoundwetanditappeared
thatatruckhadbeenwashedthere.HealongwithDMandotherwentto
PSLinkRoadandhemetoneinjuredBabuddinthereandoninquiry,he
(Babuddin) narrated the entire facts. Further that he as well as DM
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thoughtitfittoappriseseniorofficersaboutthefacts.AsDGP(UP)was
campinginMeerut,theythoughtitfittogothereandapprisehimofthe
situation but in meanwhile they were informed that CM UP was also
goingtoMeerutandwhilegoingtherehehadtopassthroughtheirarea
andaccordinglytheywaitedontheroadforCMandwhenCMconvoy
reached they stopped it on the roadandapprised the CM of the facts.
FurtherthatCMinvitedthemtojoinhimtillMeerutandaccordinglythey
accompaniedhim.HefurtherdeposedthatameetingtookplaceatMeerut
CircutHouseinpresenceofCM,DGP,IG,DIGMeerut,Commissioner
andDMMeerutetc.Theynarratedtheentirefactsinthemeetingandthey
wereaskedbyCMtomaintainlawandordersituationinGhaziabadand
takeappropriatelegalaction. TheyreturnedbacktoGhaziabadduring
earlyhoursof23.05.1987.FurtheracasewasregisteredatPSLinkRoad
andanotheratPSMuradNagarandon24/25.05.1987,boththecaseswere
transferredtoCBCID.
PW75Sh.KamlendraPrasaddeposedthatfromMay1986
till August 1988, he had been posted asAddl.SPGhaziabad. During
AprilMay1987communalriotsweretakingplaceintheadjoiningdistrict
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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ofMeerut.ThesaidriotsaffecteddistrictofGhaziabadandduringnight
of22/23.05.1987ataround10.30pm,hegotamessagefromhisS.PSh.
Raiaskinghimtomeethimathisresidenceasamajorincidenthadtaken
placeandheaccordinglywenttohisresidence.Thereafterbothofthem
went to 41st Battalion PAC which was situated on Delhi Ghaziabad
Boarder.Therewasalotofcommotionoverthereandmanyofficerswere
seen moving about. After talking to the officers there, they could
reconstructthataPACvehiclehadbeenbroughtandwashedthere.Itwas
also gathered that the same vehiclehadbeenearlier used in abducting
someciviliansbythePACfromMeerutdistrictwherePACwasdeployed
forriotcontrolduties.Fromthetalksinthebattalion,theycouldgather
thatPACjawanshadkidnappedandkilledsomepeopleonthewaytothe
41stBattalion.Aftertalkingtosomemoreofficers,heandMr.Raiwentto
PS Link Road where one of the survivors Babuddin/Babu Khan also
reached there. He further deposed that visualizing seriousness of the
incident and to avoid the situation to deteriorate, they took necessary
actionaswererequiredforprotectionofsurvivorandprotectionoffurther
deteriorationoflawandordersituation.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW79Sh.VijayPalSingh deposedthathedidnotknow
anythinginrespectofpresentcase.Furtherthatpolicenevermethimnor
recordedhisstatement.
PW84Sh.HariShankarSharmadeposedthatin1986,he
was posted as Dy. S.P. Circle Officer Modi Nagar. One day he had
received wireless messagefromSSPSh.B.N.Raitotheeffect that he
shouldreachBattalionofPACalongwithitsCommandantwhousedto
resideonthefirstflooroftheflatswherehewasresidingontheground
floor. Heaccordingly reachedthebattalion alongwiththeCommandant
and after some time, DM Ghaziabad and SSP Ghaziabad also reached
there.SSPwasincivilclothes.Hefurtherdeposedthatthereafterallthe
threesaidofficersleftforinspectionofthebattalion.Hefurtherdeposed
thathedidnotknowanythingelse.
PW86Mr.ParveenJaindeposedthatintheyear1987,he
wasworkingasChiefPhotographerofSundayMailhavingitsofficeat
5,AnsariRoad.Onorabout22.05.1987,therewereHinduMuslimsriots
inHashimpuraand hewasdeputedfromhisofficetogotheretotake
photographs and accordingly in the morning of 22.05.1987 he left for
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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MeerutandonreachingMeerutduringnoontime,hecametoknowthat
HinduMuslimriotshadtakenplaceinHashimpuraandarmyhadreached
there. When hereached Hashimpura,hesawarmyandPACpersonnel
bringingoutpeoplefromtheirhouses.Hesawarmypeoplehittingpublic
withbuttsoftheirguns.Hefurtherdeposedthathehidhimselfandtook
photographs. He also saw accompanying PAC personnel threatening
generalpublicatgunpoint.Womenwereontherooftopandwerecrying
butnoonewassayinganythingtothem.Hefurtherdeposedthatasfaras
heremember,allthosepublicpersonswerebroughtonthemainroadand
madetositthere.Theyallweremadetoraisetheirhandsandhetook
photographs. PAC trucks were also found present there. He further
deposedthatafterhisjobwasdone,hereturnedbacktohisoffice.The
photographstakenbyhimwerepublishedintheTimesMagazineaswell
asinIndiaToday.Hefurtheridentifiedandprovedphotographstakenby
himasEx.PW86/A1toA15andnegativesasEx.PW86/B.
PW88Sh.C.P.Yadavdeposedthatfromtheyear198689,
he was posted as Addl. District Magistrate, Ghaziabad. He did not
rememberthedate,monthandyearbutitwasabout25yearsbackand
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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summer session, he was called by the District Magistrate Mr. Naseem


ZaidiatLinkRoadPSandwhenhereachedthere,hefoundthat23other
magistrateshadalsobeencalledthere. TheDistrictMagistrateandSSP
weretalkingtoeachotherwhileheandothermagistrateswerestandingat
adistanceofabouttenfeetfromthemandtheytalkedforabout3040
minutes.HefurtherdeposedthatthethenChiefMinisterwaspassingby
fromnearPSLinkRoadatthattimeandthereforetheyallcametowards
the road. CM stopped there and had a talk with SSP and District
Magistrate for about 510 minutes and thereafter DM and SSP went
alongwithCMdirectingthemtoreachtheDakBunglow.TheDM&SSP
hadatalkwiththeCMforabout30minutesintheDakBunglowand
thereafterCMproceededforMeerut.AfterCMleft,DMandSSPcame
outinthevarandaandinformedthemthatbothofthemhadbeencalledby
theCMtoMeerut. DMinformedthemabout someriotshavingtaken
placeatMeerutanddirectedthemtolookafterlawandordersituationin
Ghaziabad and thereafter DM and SSP left for Meerut and they all
returned back to Ghaziabad city. He directed the junior Magistrates to
remainvigilantandtakeroundofthecityareaandthereafterhereturned
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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backhome.

DEFENSEEVIDENCE
DW1 Gulesh Ali, who has been called by four accused

personsnamelyNiranjanLal,Samiullah,JaipalandMahesh,deposedthat
on22.05.1987hewaspostedinCCompany41stBattalionPACGhaziabad
U.PasMessMunsi,onthatday,hewasondutyatMeerutPoliceLine
whereCCompany wascampingandat about 04.0005.00 pm,hewas
askedtogotoPilokhadiChowkitoinquireaboutavailabilityofflour.He
leftforPilokhadiingovernmenttruckalongwithotherconstablesatabout
07.30pmwhoweregoingtorelieve/replacethestaffatPilokhadiChowki.
After inquiries about availability of flour at about 08.00 pm, he left
Pilokhadi Chowki alongwiththestaff whosedutywasoverinthesaid
governmenttruckforreturningtoMeerutPoliceLine.Hefurtherdeposed
thatonthewaytheirsaidtruckwasstoppednearHashimpuraMohallaand
theywereaskedtocomeoutandgetdownfromthetruck,atthatplace
militaryandpolicewerearrestingthepeoplewhohadgatheredthere,that
Subedar Surenderpal and other officials including Constables and
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Hawaldarsmade4045personstositinatruck.Furtherthatthereafterthe
forcewasaskedtoclimbupinthetruckandtositinthecabinaswellas
intherearportionandDW1alsoclimbedinthesaidtruck.Furtherthat
thesaidtruckwastakentoMeerutPolielinefromHashimpuraMohalla,
DW1gotdownfromthetruckandSubedarSurenderpalwasdirecting
CommanderNiranjanLaltogetdownalongwiththreeConstablesofhis
sectionsnamelySamiullah,JaipalandMaheshthatthosefourpersonsgot
downfromthetruckandwenttotheirrespectivecamps/tents. Hehas
been crossexamined by Ld. Spl. PP as well as ld. Counsel for other
accusedpersons.
10

ARGUMENTSADVANCEDBYTHEPARTIES.

10.1ItisarguedonbehalfofStatethatcasequaaccusedpersons
has been duly proved on record beyond any reasonable doubts. It is
argued that the ingredients of offence of abduction and murder by the
officials of PAC stands proved from the combined reading of the
testimonies of PW1, PW2, PW3, PW4 & PW11, which are
corroboratedbytheevidenceofotherwitnesses.Furtherthatidentityof
the deceased persons have been established by the different witnesses
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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examined during trial. Furtherthatthecauseofdeathandtimeofthe


death of the recovered dead bodies corroborates the case of the
prosecution.Furtherthatthereissufficientmaterialtoshowthattruckno.
URU1493wasusedintheabductionof42persons.Furtherthatthereis
evidencetosubstantiatethefactthatoneoftheaccusednamelyLiladhar
gotinjuredduringtheincidentbygunshotandthisfactcorroboratesthe
wholeincident. Furtherthatitisprovedonrecordthattheweaponsof
offence are .303 rifles used by the PAC at the time of incident. It is
particularly argued on behalf of the victims/complainant that the
testimonyofDW1GuleshAlialsocorroboratesthecaseofprosecution.
Itisfurtherarguedthatstandardofproofrequiredincasesofcustodial
violence and death is different from the proof required in other cases.
Further that the defects if any, in the investigation cannot benefit the
accusedinallcircumstances.Itissubmittedthatthecasehasbeenduly
provedagainsttheaccusedpersonsandtheyareliabletobeconvicted.It
is further submitted that alongwith conviction of accused persons,
appropriateorderforcompensationtothevictimsalsobepassed.

Aspecificreliancehasbeenplaceduponthedocuments i.e

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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identification memo of dead persons Ex.PW23/A, photographs of


abductedpersonsEx.PW86/A1toA15,FSLexaminationreportoftruck
bearingno.URU1493Ex.PW38/C,photographsoftruckMarkP42/P1
toP13,truckrunningregisterEx.PW70/A,listofofficerspostedwithC
company, 41st Bn. PAC Ex.PW91/A, medical documents of accused
LeeladharEx.PW43/A&43/BandballisticreportEx.PW38/A.

Reliance is also placed upon certain judgments of the

differentsuperiorcourtsincludingfollowingjudgments:

MunsiSinghGautam&Ors.vs.StateofM.P2005(9)SCC631.

StateofM.Pvs.ShyamSunderTrivedi(1995)4SCC262.

StateofU.Pvs.RamSanjeevan(2010)1SCC529.

RaghuvirSinghvs.StateofHaryana(1980)3SCC80.

DalipSinghvs.StateofHaryana(1993)3Supp.SCC336.

StateofU.Pvs.RamSagarYadav(1985)1SCC552.

StateofW.Bvs.MirMohd.Omar&Ors.(2000)8SCC382.

StateofRajasthanvs.KansiRam(2006)12SCC254.

Gajoovs.StateofUttrakhand(2012)9SCC532.

DayalSingh&Ors.vs.StateofUttranchal(2012)8SCC263.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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AnkushGaikwadvs.StateofMaharastra(2013)6SCC770.

Sureshvs.StateofHaryana2014SCConlineSC952inCriminal
Appealno.420of2012.

Gangabhawanivs.RayapatiVenkatReddy&Ors.(2013)15SCC
298

10.2

Ontheotherhand,itissubmittedonbehalfoftheaccused

persons that the case of prosecution is full of discrepancies and


contradictionsandsameisbasedonfalseevidence.Furtherthatthereare
inherent and material contradictions in the statements of witnesses
includingpoliceofficial.Itisarguedthatadmittedlytheforcesotherthan
PACi.elocalpoliceandarmyetc.werealsoinvolvedintheallegedactof
searchandarreston22.05.1987butitisnotclarifiedastowhyPAConly
hasbeenselectedforprosecutionandonwhatbasiscleanchithasbeen
giventoarmyandlocalpolice. Furtherthatnoneoftheaccusedfacing
trialhasbeenidentifiedbyanyofthewitnessesasculpritnortheyare
named in the statement of the witnesses recorded by police or other
authoritieslikeMagistrateetc.Furtherthatthereisnoprooftoshowthat
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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theaccusedpersonsweredeputedinMeerutonthedateofincidentand
thelistofPACpersonnelsprovidedbyprosecutionisofnoconsequences.
Furtherthatthereisnolistof644personsallegedlyarrestedorthelistof
42personsallegedly abductedorkilled,havebeenprovedduringtrial.
Furtherthatalltherecoveriesofdeadbodiesandthepostmortemsareof
unknown persons and the deaths are not connected with the incident.
Further that no reliable evidence has been led by the prosecution
regarding weapon of offence and the ballistic reports areinconclusive.
Furtherthattheweaponofoffenceproducedbyprosecutionaredifferent
fromthedescriptiongivenbythewitnessesandthesamewereinunsealed
conditions when produced in court. Further that there is no reliable
evidencetoshowthattruckno.URU1493wasinvolvedintheincident
and even the said truck was not seized during investigation. It is
contendedthattherewereseveraltruckspresentatthespotandthereisno
reliableevidencetoshowthatitwastheabovementionedtruckwhichwas
used by the culprits. Further that the polygraphy test conducted by
PW37areinconclusive.Furtherthatthemedicalevidencepertainingto
accused Leela Dhar and official record pertaining to accused Mokham
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Singh are not conclusive to connect them with the alleged offence.
FurtherthataccusedBuddhiSinghandBasantVallabhweremerelythe
DDwritersandthereisnoevidencetoshowthattheyweredeputedin
field.Itisarguedthatprosecutionhasfailedtoproveitscaseagainstthe
accusedtoanyextentandthereforetheaccusedpersonsareentitledtobe
acquitted.Theld.Defensecounselshavealsorelieduponthejudgments
ofdifferentsuperiorcourtsincludingfollowingjudgments:

AlokNathDutta&Ors.vs.StateofWestBengal(SC),2006(10)
Supp.SCR662.

MousamSinghaRoy&Ors.vs.StateofWestBengal,(2003)12
SCC377.

SudamaPandey&Ors.vs.StateofBihar,(2202)1SCC679.

JaharlalDassvs.StateofOrissaAIR1991(SC)1388.

HukumSinghvs.StateofRajasthan,AIR1977SC1063.

Hanumantvs.StateofMadhyaPradeshAIR1952SC343.

VijayeeSingh&Ors.vs.StateofU.PAIR1990(SC)1459.

KaliRamvs.StateofHimachalPradeshAIR1973SC2773.

ShivajiSahabRaoBobadevs.StateofMaharastraAIR1973SC

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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2622.

MajendranLangeswaranvs.StateofNCTofDelhi,(2013)7SCC
192.

Babuvs.StateofKerala2010(9)SCR1039.

Ramesh Bhai Chandu Bhai Rathore vs. State of Gujrat (2009) 5


SCC740.

APPRECIATIONOFEVIDENCE.

12

Onthebasisofchargesheetanddocumentsattachedwiththe

same, some facts in issue have emerged and the material available on
recordistobeanalyzedinlightofthesefactsinissue.Thesefactsinissue
areasfollows:
1. Thaton21.05.1987therewasadeadlyassaultonProvincial
Armed Constabulary in Meerut and two rifles of PAC
personnelswerelootedbycertainantisocialelementsandon
thesamedayoneSh.PrabhatKumarKaushikwasmurdered
inMohalla SurajKund adjacent to Mohalla Hashimpura in
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Meerut.
2. That upon incident dt. 21.05.1987 a meeting of District
Administration Officers including police officers took place
andconsequentuponthat,asearchforillegalarmsinMohalla
Hashimpura Meerut was launched. Curfew was already
clamped in the city of Meerut and mission for search and
arrestwascarriedoutbytheDistrictpolice,PACandarmy.
3. About 644 persons belonging to Mohalla Hashimpura and
adjoiningMohallaswerearrestedu/s107/151/116Cr.P.Cand
arrangementsweremadetosendthearrestedpersonstopolice
stationCivilLinesandPoliceLinesMeerutwiththehelpof
trucksofpolicePACandarmy.
4. That about 42 persons arrested from Mohalla Hashimpura
wereputinaPACtruckandthesaidtruck,insteadofpolice
stationorpoliceline,wastakentoGangNaharMuradNagar.
5. ThatatGangNaharMuradNagar,thePACofficialsfiredat
thearrestedpersonsmakingthemgetdownfromthetruckand
somewerefiredatinthetruckitselfandthatthePACJawans
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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aftershootingthepersonsonebyonekeptonthrowingthemin
Upper Ganga Canal with the impression that they were all
dead.
6. That apprehending the exposure of crime, the PAC Jawans
diverted the truck from Gang Nahar to Hindon river and
completedtheprocessofkillingandthrowinginHindonwaters
near village Makanpur, the remaining persons rounded up
fromMohallaHashimpura.
7. That in the incident, the persons namely Zulfiqar, Naeem,
Arif,Mohd.Usman,MuzibarRehmanandBabuddinsurvived
theassaultandremainingabout35personswerekilledbythe
official.303riflesofthePACofficials.
8. That accused Leeladhar sustained injuries during
indiscriminatefiringinthetrucktakenplaceatGangNahar
MuradNagar.
9. That the truck which was used in the incident was of 41st
BattalionPACwithregistrationno.URU1493.
10. ThatthesaidtruckhadcomefromPilokhadiChowkiandwas
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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drivenbyaccusedMokhamSingh.
11. That the accused persons facing trial led by the Platoon
Commander accused Surender Pal Singh (since deceased),
werethePACofficialspresentonabovementionedtruckwho
committedtheallegedcrime.

13

Theevidenceledbytheprosecutionistobeanalyzedinlight

ofabovementionedfactsinissueandtheseissuesarebeing discussed
hereinafter.
14

FactNo.1,2&3

Thaton21.05.1987therewasadeadlyassaultonProvincial
Armed Constabulary in Meerut and two rifles of PAC
personnelswerelootedbycertainantisocialelementsandon
thesamedayoneSh.PrabhatKumarKaushikwasmurdered
inMohalla SurajKund adjacent to Mohalla Hashimpura in
Meerut.

That upon incident dt. 21.05.1987 a meeting of District

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Administration Officers including police officers took place


andconsequentuponthat,asearchforillegalarmsinMohalla
Hashimpura Meerut was launched. Curfew was already
clamped in the city of Meerut and mission for search and
arrestwascarriedoutbytheDistrictpolice,PACandarmy.

About 644 persons belonging to Mohalla Hashimpura and


adjoiningMohallaswerearrestedu/s107/151/116Cr.P.Cand
arrangementsweremadetosendthearrestedpersonstopolice
stationCivilLinesandPoliceLinesMeerutwiththehelpof
trucksofpolicePACandarmy.

Thesefactsarebeingdiscussedsimultaneouslyasthesame
areinterlinked.Followingwitnesseshavedeposedontheseissues.
PW1ZulfiqarNasir, whoisaneyewitness deposedthat
on22.05.1987,itwasZumma(Friday)andhewasrecitingNamazinthe
eveningatabout06.00PMontheroofofhishousewhenafewmilitary
personscametohishouse.Furtherthatsaidmilitarypersonstookhimself,
hisfather,histwounclesandhisgrandfatheroutsidetheirhouseinthe
streetontheroadandthesaidmilitarypersonsmadethemsitonthesaid
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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roadwherealready400500personsweresitting.Furtherthatpersonsof
theirMohallathuscollectedweresittingonthebothsideoftheroadand
hewassittinginfrontofaPeepaltreeandhesawabigforceofmilitary
andPACdeployedthere,7or8trucksbelongingtomilitaryandPAC
werealsoparkedthere. FurtherthatPACpersonsdividedtheMohalla
peopleintotwogroups, onegroupcomprisedoftheelderlypeopleand
thechildren whereas thesecondgroupwasoftheyoung persons,they
thenorderedthegroupofyoungpersonstositintheirtrucks.Furtherthat
PACaswellastheArmypeoplebothtookawaythetrucksafterloading
youngpersonsfromthespotandthatbothhisChachasandfatherwerein
thegroupofyoungpersonswhoweretakenawaybyPACandmilitary.
He further deposed that hedid not know as to wherethey weretaken
away.
PW2Mohd.Naseemisalsoaneyewitnessandhedeposed
thaton22.05.87,whilehewassittingathishousewithNaeemS/oAbdul
QadeerandShahanshahS/oAbdulHaq,PACandmilitarypeoplereached
attheirplaceandarrestedallthethreeofthemandbroughtthemtothe
roadinMohallaHashimpura.Furtherthattheyweremadetositundera
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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'peepal' tree and 500 or 600 people were already sitting there on the
directionsofPACandmilitary. ThatPACandmilitarypeoplethereafter
started scrutiny of the persons sitting there and this way, some of the
personsscrutinized fromthesaidcrowdwere madetositinthetrucks
whichwerebeingtakentounknowndestination.

PW3 Mohd. Usman is another eyewitness and he


deposedthaton22.05.87atabout05.15PMwhenhewasinhishouse
alongwith his brother Hanif, Mohd. Farookh, Md.Irshad, Shahabuddin
andhisfatherBashirAhmed,militarypersonscametohishouseandsaid
thattheywantedtosearchthemandtookthemoutsideinthelaneonthe
backsidewhereabout50personshadalreadybeendetainedbythePAC
whoseJawanswereseenthere.Furtherthattheyaskedthemtoraisetheir
handsupwardsandmovestraightandtheyweremadetoreachaPeepal
TreeatHapurRoadwhere400500personswerealreadysitting.Further
thatinfrontofthatspot,therewasashopofDr.JagdishChauhanwhere
elderlymenandchildrenweresittingandbeingsuppliedwatertodrink,
hesawyellowcolouredtrucksofPACwhichwerestandinginanopen
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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condition,heheardsomeofthePACpeoplesayingthemTakethemto
thepolicestation.Furtherthathegavethekeysofhishousetohisfather
andkeptonsittingoverthere,thedetainedpeoplewerebeingsentinthe
trucks
PW4 Muzibur Rehman is also an eyewitness and he
deposedthatheispermanentresidentofDistictDarbhanga,Biharandhe
started working on the powerloom of Abdul Mazid Incholia Wale in
MohalaHashimpurafouryearspriortotheyear1987.Hefurtherdeposed
thaton22.05.1987,itwasadayof'Alvida'inthemonthofRamzanand
thetimewasabout2or3PM,MohallaHashimpurainMeerutwasbeing
searchedbythepolice. FurtherthatsearchingofficialsbelongstoPAC
UP police, Mahila Police and military. He was present in the house
alongwith his three Chachas namely Mohd. Sadiq, Mohd. Zameel and
Mohd. Azeem. The aforesaid police officials brought them out of the
houseandmadethemstandinthegali.Theythenstartedsearchingtheir
houseandcommandedthemtogotoHapurRoadnearthePeepaltree.On
reaching there, he saw that 400500 people had already been detained
therenearthePeepaltree. Outofthesaidcrowdof400500,about150
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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persons belong to Mohalla Hashimpura and the remaining persons


belongedtotheneighbouringmohallas.Somepersonsoutoftheaforesaid
400500personswerearrestedandsenttojail. Histwochachasnamely
Mohd.SadiqandMohd.Zameelwereinthegroupofpeoplewhowere
senttoJailintrucks
PW11Sh.Babuddinisalsoaneyewitnessandhedeposed
that about 3 or 4 years prior to 1987, he and his father Mohd. Khalil
AnsariusedtoweaveclothesinthePowerLoomofHaziAzimuddinof
Mohalla Hashim Pura, Shah Peer Gate, Meerut. Further that on
22.05.1987,hisfatherMohd.KhalilAnsari were sittinginthehouseof
oneSaddiq,IchauliyaWala. Hewasalsowithhisfatheratthattime. At
about 02.00 or 03.00 pm, 30/35 persons had come in Hashim Pura
Mohalla. ItwasJummaDay(Friday). Outofthose30/35persons,afew
personshadenteredinthehouseofSadiqwherehisfatherandhimself
weresittingwithSaddiq.Those30/35personsincludedPACpersonnels,
Armypersonnels,policeofficialsandladypoliceofficials.Thosepersons
hadaskedthemtogooutofthehouseastheywantedtosearchthehouse.
He,hisfather,Saddiqandhisfamilymembersthencameoutofthehouse.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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TheyhadstoodintheGaliandinthemeantime,neighboursandresidents
of the locality had also gathered there in the gali. Those persons had
searchedhousesofevenotherpersons.FurtherthattheofficialsofPAC
thenaskedaskedthemtoraisehandsandaskedthemtomove. Atthat
timetheywere150innumbers.FromtheGali,theyhadbeentakentothe
roadnearPipalTree,ShahPeerGate. Theretheyfoundthataround300
personswerealreadythere.Theywerealsoaskedtositbytheofficialsof
PAC.Therehehadnoticedthatafewvehicles/truckswerelyingparked.
Peoplewereforcedtoboardthosetrucksandwerebeingsent.Hepresume
that those persons were being sent to Jail. In his presence, his father
Mohd. Khalil Ansari had been made to board a truck and was sent
somewhere.
Apartfromabovementionedwitnessesthewitnessesnamely
PW19 Iqbal, PW20 Mohd. Saleem, PW21 Mst. Zebunnisa, PW22
Abdul Hamid, PW23ShakeelAhmed,PW30ShakeelAhmed,PW31
Gaffar, PW48 Zameel Ahmed, PW49 Mst. Mehmuddin, PW50 Laik
Ahmed, PW51 Mst. Mehrunisha, PW52 Rahis Ahmed, PW53
Jamalludin, PW54 Parvej Ahmed, PW55 Zahiruddin Ansari, PW57
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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SakhawatAli,PW58AbdulAlim,PW60Tanvir,PW61Mohd.Zafar,
PW62 Sher Ali, PW63 Faridudin, PW64 Anwar Ahmed, PW66
Sirajuddin, PW67, Abdul Gaffar, PW68 Abdul Hamid, PW77 Mst.
Hazara,PW78Mst.ZarinaandPW87MohdIshahavealsodeposedon
theabovementionedfacts. Thesewitnesseshavecategoricallydeposed
that on 22.05.1987 they were present at their houses etc. in Mohalla
Hashimpura when a search was conducted by the officials of different
forceslikePAC,PoliceandArmyandhundredofpersonsweretaken.
In addition, there is one other important witness who has
deposed about the search and arrest of collected people from Mohalla
Hashimpuraon22.05.1987.PW86Sh.ParveenJainwhowasworkingas
ChiefPhotographerofSundayMailwaspresentatthespoton22.05.1987
and he had taken various photographs i.eEx.PW86/A1to A15 with
negativesEx.PW86/B.Thiswitnessisanentirelyindependentandchance
witnesswhohappenedtobepresentatthespotbeingajournalistandhis
testimony is supported and corroborated by the documents i.e the
photographsandnegativesmentionedabove. Itcanbesaidthatheisa
natural,genuineandreliablewitness. Thephotographsprovedbythis
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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witnesshavecorroboratedthefactsregardingsearchandarrestasdeposed
byabovementionedwitnesseswhoareresidentsofMohallaHashimpura.
So far as the first issue relating to alleged incident dt.
21.05.1987ofthedeadlyassaultontheProvincialArmedConstabularyin
Meerut and looting of two rifles of PAC personnels by anti social
elements and killing of one Mr.Prabhat Kumar Kaushik is concerned,
thereisnopositiveevidenceledbyprosecutioninthisregard.Thereisno
witnessexaminedbytheprosecutiontoprovetheallegeddeadlyassault
onthePAC.ThereisnowitnessregardingthelootoftworiflesofPAC
andsimilarlythereisnowitnesswhodeposedabouttheallegedkillingof
Prabhat Kumar Kaushik in Mohalla Suraj Kund adjacent to Mohalla
Hashimpura.
However, the facts regarding conducting of a search for
illegalarmsinMohallaHashimpuraduringsubsistenceofcurfewinthe
saidareaandarrestofabout644personsfromMohallaHashimpuraand
adjacent Mohallasareconcerned,thereareseveral witnesses whohave
deposedcategoricallyinthisregardasmentionedabove.Thoughthereis
norecordtoshowthattheresidentsofconcernedMohallaswereactually
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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arrestedu/s107/151/116Cr.P.C,thereissufficientevidencetoshowthat
curfew was already imposed in the area of Mohalla Hashimpura and
several hundred persons from several Mohallas including Mohalla
HashimpurawerecollectednearaPeepaltreeinMohallaHashimpuraby
theofficialsoflocalpolice,armyandPAC.Thenumberofsuchpersons
collectedatthespotisnotspecificallyprovedonrecordasthedifferent
witnesseshavegivendifferentnumberandthereisalsonoofficialrecord
provedduringtrialwhichcanestablishedastohowmanypersonswere
apprehendedorarrestedinfact.Asdiscussedabove,PW1hasmentioned
about 400500 persons, PW2hasmentionedabout 500or600people,
PW3 has mentioned 400500 persons, PW4 has mentioned 400500
personswhilePW11hasmentionedabouttotal450personswhowere
collectedatthespotbytheabovementionedforces.Someotherwitnesses
have also deposed about these facts but exact number has not been
established on the record. It is also there in the testimonies of above
mentioned witnesses and other witnesses that the persons so collected
exceptthelotof4045personswhoweretakeninthetruckinvolvedin
the incident, were taken in officials vehicles by the PAC, police or
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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military.
ConclusionsonFactsno.1,2&3
As a result of combined reading of the above mentioned
prosecutionwitnesses,itcanbesaidthatasearchoperationwasconducted
bypolice,PACandarmyinMohallaHashimpuraandadjoiningareason
22.05.1987 and several persons were detained/arrested and taken to
differentplaceslikepolicestationorpolicelineetc.

15

Factsno.4,5&6

That about 42 persons arrested from Mohalla Hashimpura


wereputinaPACtruckandthesaidtruck,insteadofpolice
stationorpoliceline,wastakentoGangNaharMuradNagar.

ThatatGangNaharMuradNagar,thePACofficialsfiredat
thearrestedpersonsmakingthemgetdownfromthetruckand
somewerefiredatinthetruckitselfandthatthePACJawans
aftershootingthepersonsonebyonekeptonthrowingthemin
Upper Ganga Canal with the impression that they were all
dead.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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That apprehending the exposure of crime, the PAC Jawans


diverted the truck from Gang Nahar to Hindon river and
completedtheprocessofkillingandthrowinginHindonwaters
near village Makanpur, the remaining persons rounded up
fromMohallaHashimpura.

Theseissuesarebeingdiscussedsimultaneouslybeinginter
relatedandinterlinked.
Case of the prosecution is that out of about 644 persons
collectedatMohallaHashimpurabythepolice,armyandPAC,agroupof
about 42 unarmed young boys and men all Muslims from Mohalla
HashimpuraofMeerutwereputinayellowcolouredPACtruckwhich
wasthelastremainingtruckatthespot. Furtherthatinsteadoftaking
themtopolicestationetc.theyweretakentoGangNaharinMuradNagar
whereinitiallythreepersonswereshotatonebyoneandthrowninGang
Nahar.Furtherthatonseeingthistheremainingabductedpersonsinthe
truckstartedscreamingforhelpandatthatpointthePACjawansstarted
firingindiscriminatelyinsidethetruckandthereaftersomeotherpersons
werealso shot at and thrown into Gang Naharwater. Further that on
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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seeingtheapproachinglightofanothervehicle,thesaidtruckofPACwas
taken to Hindon river near Makan Pur village where the remaining
personswereshotatandtheirbodieswerethrownintothewater.TheFIR
No.141/87 PSMurad Nagarwasregisteredonthecomplaint ofPW4
MuziburRehman,oneofthesurvivorinrespectofincidentoccurredat
GangNahar. FIRNo.110/87P.SLinkRoad,Ghaziabadwasregistered
on complaint of PW11 Babuddin, one of the survivor in respect of
incidentoccurredatHindonriverMakanPurvillage.
The prosecution has examined several witnesses on these
issuesandthetestimoniesoffollowingwitnessesarerelevant.

15.1

PW1ZulfikarNasirisoneofthesurvivorsandeyewitness

oftheentireincidentandhedeposedthattothegroupofelderlypeople
andthechildrenleftatthespot(atMohallaHashimpura),PACofficials
gavedirectionstomaintainpeaceandgototheirrespectivehouses but
beforetheycouldleavefortheirhouses,PACofficialstookoutofthem
theableguardedelderlypersonsandtheboysofhisageandinthisway
about4045peoplewerescrutinizedandmadetositintheonlytruckleft
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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atthespotonwhich 'PAC' waswrittenandhewasinthesaidgroupof


4045 peoplein thesaid truckandit wasabout 08.00 PM.Further he
clarifiedthatthecolourofsaidtruckwasyellowanditborethewritingin
whitepaint'PAC'.FurtherthatPACofficialsaftermakingussitinthe
truckgavethemdirectionstokeeptheirheadsdownwardsandnottoraise
them and thattherewere1820officialsofPACwithinthetruckatthat
time.FurtherthatPACofficialshadsurrounded theminthetruckina
mannerso that they werenot visible toanyoutsider and that all PAC
officialswerecarryingriffleswith'Sangeen'attheirtops.Furtherthatthe
saidPACofficialswerewearing'Khaki'uniforms.Heagainsaid,itwasa
'Khakipili'typeuniforms.Furtherthattheywerestrictlyinstructednotto
raisetheirheads.Hefurtherdeposedthatincaseanybodyraisedhishead,
heusedtoberebukedandgivenablowwiththehelpofrifflebutt.Further
thataftertravelingsomedistance,thetruckstopped.Furtherthathedid
notknowastowhichplaceitwas.Furtherthathecouldsensethatfew
morePACofficialsboardedthesaidtruckatthattimeandthatthetruck
againstartedandcametoDelhiroad, that afterpeepingalittlebitand
identifyingthebuildingandotherstructuresaround,hecouldguessthatit
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wasDelhiRoad.Furtherthatafteratotaljourneyof11hour,they
reachedaPatriofMuradNagar,GangNeharandthesaidtruckthemcame
to ahalt. Thelights ofthetruck werethen switched off,that thetime
mighthavebeenbetween09.00PMand10.00PM,thattheythenstarted
bringingdownthepersonsinthetruckonebyone.Further hedeposed
thatthefirstpersontocomedownthetruckthuswasoneMr.Yasinof
theirmohallaandPACofficialsthenfiredbulletshotsonsaidMr.Yasin
and then threwhim in thesaidcanal.Furtherthat theythen got down
anotherboywhosenamewasAshrafandhappenedtobehisneighbourer
and he was also shot with bullets and then thrown in the said canal.
Furtherthathe(PW1)wasthethirdpersontobebroughtdownthetruck,
thatintheprocessofhimselfbeingdraggeddown,hefellontheground
and hewasalsoshotwhilehewaslyingontheground.Furtherthatthe
bullethithiminhisarmpitandcameoutfromthesideofthebackofhis
chest,thatafterreceivingthesaidbulletinjury,hedeliberatelystopped
breathing, feigning death, that he was also thrown in the said canal.
Furtherthathecouldcatchafewbusesaroundandaftergettingsupport
from the bushes, he traveled a little distance inside the water and
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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concealed himself in the bushes there, that while he was sitting in a


concealedconditioninthebushes,hemetaboynamedArifbelongingto
his Mohalla who had jumped inthe waters from the said truck before
beingshotbythePACofficials.FurtherthatPACofficialswerepresent
withthetruckwhenhemetArifinthebushes.Furtherthathecouldhear
thecriesofthepeople 'BACHAOBACHAO' andthesounds offiring.
Furtherthathecouldhearthethud1516timesthataroseafterthepersons
werebeingthrowninthewater.Furtherthathecouldthereafterseethe
headlights of vehicles throwing lights in that area. Further that PAC
officials then boarded their truck and left the place in direction from
which they had come. Further that he and Arif kept on concealing
themselvesinthebuseseven1hourthereafter andthen heandArif
venturedtocometothePatrithoughinafearfulconditionandfoundthree
personslyingonthesaidPatriininjuredconditions.Further hedeposed
thatoneofthemwashisneighbournamelyQamruddin buthecouldnot
identifytheremainingtwo.HeandArifthenliftedQamruddinandstarted
movingtowardsthepulofMuradNagar. FurtherthatQamruddinwas
writhinginpain andafterreachingthepulofMuradNagar,Arifleftthe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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placeinfear.FurtherthatQamruddinadvisedhimtorunawayfromthe
place telling him that he had no hope of his survival. Further that he
reachedMuradNagarandenteredthehouseofaMuslimBhaiwhogave
himclothstowear.Furtherthathedidnotknowastowherehekeptthe
cloths he had taken off. Further that he(the person who provided him
shelter) thenbroughta'Hakeem'whogavehimfirstaidanddressedhis
woundsandalsogavehim'DesiDawai'. Furtherthatthenextday,he
went to his Phupha namely Mehrazuddin in Ghaziabad. He further
deposed that hehad narratedtheaforesaid incident tothesaidMuslim
BhaireferredbyhimaboveandthereaftertohisPhuphaMehrazuddin.He
further deposed that his Phupha then consulted an Advocate namely
NawabuddinAnsariwhowasknowntoSyedShahabuddin,aMemberof
Parliament at that time. Further that he was thus taken to Syed
Shahabuddinby2/3peopleandhenarratedthewholeincidenttohimwho
consoledhimandtoldhimtodisclosetheincidenttoPresssoastofind
the whereabouts of his 'Walid' and 'Chachas'. Further that Syed
Shahabuddinthentookhim tothehouseofoneSh.ChanderShekhar,a
politician, perhaps belonging to Bhartiya Janta Party. Further that he
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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stayedatthehouseofSyedShahabuddinfor810daysandhisdaughter
whowasamedicalstudentkeptontreatinghimduringthatperiod.He
furtherdeposedthathegavestatementEx.PW1/AtotheJudgeSahebin
Circuit House,Meerut.HealsoidentifiedonepersonnamelyMehboob
Aliinthephotograph MarkA,lyinginjudicial file.Healsoidentified
another person namely Yasin in photograph Mark 1 and deposed that
YasinwasthepersonwhowasshotfirstbyPAC.Hefurtheridentified
personsnamelySarfraz,MehboobAliandQamroodininphotographs.He
furtherdeposedthathecannotidentifytheaccusedpersonspresentinthe
courtforthereasonthatitwasdarkatthetimeofincident.Hewasduly
crossexaminedonbehalfofaccusedpersons.

15.2

PW2, Mohd. Naeem, PW3 Mohd. Usman & PW4

MuziburRehmanarealsothesurvivorsoftheincidentthathappenedat
Mohalla Hashimpura and Gang Nahar Murad Nagar. They have also
deposed on the same line as deposed by PW1 without any major
deviations. Thesethreewitnesses havecorroboratedallthebasicfacts
deposedbyPW1andwhicharethebasisforpresentprosecution.These
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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witnesseshavebeendulycrossexaminedonbehalfofaccusedpersons.

15.3

PW11Babuddinisanothersurvivorandheisactuallythe

eyewitnessquaallthethreepartsoftheincidenti.eMohallaHashimpura,
GangNahar,MuradNagarandHindonRiverGhaziabad.Hehassurvived
theassaultontwooccasionsi.eoneatGangNaharandanotheratHindon
River. He has deposed that the PAC officials had segregated a few
persons of Hashim Pura Mohalla and he was one of them. The PAC
officialshadaskedoldagedpersonsandthechildrentogoawayandthey
wereallowedtogoandheandotherwerethenaskedtoboardayellow
colouredtruckofPAC. Inthattruck,theirstrengthwas40or45. He
couldidentifyAzimKausarAliofvillageHariyat,MuziburRahmanof
hisvillage,HausalaUddinofvillageManharfromamongstthem.Further
that14or15officialsofPAChadalsoboardedthattruckandtheirdress
wasoflightyellowcolourandtheywerewearinghelmetsandtheywere
having rifles with bayonets (Sangeen). It was 07.30 or 07.45 pm
(approximately)whenthetruckhadleftthatplace.Thetruckhadmoved
for about 10 minutes and it was stopped somewhere and a few PAC
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Jawansalsosatfromthatplaceinthecabinofthetruck. Thetruckthen
againmovedandhadcontinuedtomove.ItreachednearaNaharandthe
truckdriverthentookthetruckonaKachaRastaandcoveredadistance
ofabout1KmsontheKachaRasta.ThePACJawansfromthecabinof
thetruckthengotdownandcametowardsthebackportionofthetruck.
Thelightsofthetruckwerethenswitchedoff.FurtherthattheDalaofthe
truckwasthenopenedandonepersonfromamongstthemwasmadeto
alightfromthetruck.Morethanonefirehadbeenshotandhewaskilled,
anotherpersonwasmadetoalightandhewasalsofiredatmorethanone
shotandkilledandtheywerethrowninthecanal, thethirdonewasalso
dealtwithintheaforesaidmanner.Onseeingithappening,allofthemhad
beenfrightenedandtheyraisedhueandcryandthejawansofPACthen
fired while they were in the body of the truck. Further that he had
sustained bullet injury on the left side of his back just under the left
armpit.Thereafter,itwasapindropsilenceandthereaftertheJawansof
PAChadmadethepersonssittinginthebodyofthetrucktoalightoneby
one,theyfiredatthemandaftercausingtheinjuriestheywerethrownin
thecanal.Furtherthat15or16personshadbeendealtwithinthismanner
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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bythePACJawans.Hehadnoticedthatsomelightwascomingtowards
theirtruckanditappearedtobesomevehiclecomingtowardstheirtruck.
The Jawans of PAC became panicy and had said that someone was
comingandthedriverofthetruckthentookaturnfromaplacenearthe
bridge/culvertofthe canalandhadtakenthetrucktowardstheroadand
thetruckwasbroughtontheroad.Furtherthatthetruckthenmovedand
hadcontinued tomoveforabout30minutesandithadreachedneara
river,thetruckwasstoppedonthepul/culvertandtheJawansofPACthen
gotdownfromthetruckandstoodbehindthebodyofthetruck. There
also theDalaof thetruck wasopened and PAC Jawans hadfired and
killed15/20personsonebyoneandhadthrownthemintheriver.Further
thatthereafterhewasalsomadetoalightfromthetruckandafirehad
beenshotathimandhereceivedaninjuryontherightsideofhischest.
Thebullet had pierced andpassed through. (Aspercourt observations
recorded by Ld. Predecessor, during his examination the witness has
showntheplacenearhisrightnippleandpointedoutthatitwasatthis
placehehadreceivedthebullet.Hehadalsoshownhisbackandpointed
outthatfromthatplacethebullethadmadetheexit).Hefurtherdeposed
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thatthereafterhewasalsothrownintheriver,hetooksomewaterand
thereafter he regained consciousness and he swam and covered some
distance and thereafter on a stone near bushes, he made himself lied.
Furtherthatthereafterthosepersonswhohadwereremainingwerealso
firedat,killedandthrowninthecanalbythePACJawans.Furtherthat
thereafter the truck had gone away and thereafter two persons, with
torchesintheirhands,hadcomeonamotorcycleandwiththehelpofthe
torchestheyweretryingtoilluminatetheareaandonseeingthelightof
thetorches,becauseoffear,he(PW11)hidhimself,howeverthosetwo
personskeptonilluminatingtheareawiththetorches.Thosepersonsthen
inquiredastowhethertherewasanyoneornotastheywantedtohelp,he
thought that since hehad been fired at twiceandhemay not survive,
therefore,whynottotakeachanceasthosetwopersonsmaybeofsome
helptohim.Hefurtherdeposedthathewasabitfrightenedandhethen
cameontheroadandfoundthatthosepersonswerepoliceofficialsand
theyinquiredhisnamefromhimandhedisclosedhisnametothem.He
furthernarratedallthefactstothemastowhathadhappenedwithhim
andothers.Aftersometimeapolicejeephadcomethereinwhichthere
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wereafewpoliceofficials,hewasthenmadetositinthejeepandwas
taken to Link Road Police Station, Ghaziabad. In the police station
somethingwaswrittenonpaperswithoutinquiringanythingfromhimand
hissignatureswereobtainedonthosepapers.Furtherhedeposedthatit
was only one paper on which his signatures were obtained by them.
FurtherthatfromtherehewastakentoNarenderMohanHospitalinjeep,
thepoliceofficialsmetthedoctorondutyandhadatalkwithhimand
thereafterhewasadmittedinthehospital,heremainedadmittedinthe
hospitalforabout2or3weeks.Furtherthatinthehospital,officersused
tocometoinquirefactsfromhim,theyusedtowriteonpapers,however
his signatures were not obtained. His Baniyan had been taken by the
doctorafteritwascutbythedoctorandwhenhisbaniyanwastakenby
the the police, his signature was obtained. He also proved memo
Ex.PW11/A.Hefurtherdeposedthatwhenhewasdischargedfromthe
hospital, hisstatementwastakenbeforeajudgeandhisstatement was
recordedbyhim.
Theabovementionedwitnesseshavedeposed aboutallthe
three above mentioned issues no. 4, 5 & 6. These five witnesses, on
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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combinedreading,havegiventhedetailedaccountoftheentireincident
startingfromMohallaHashimpurauptotheincidentoccurredatHindon
RiverGhaziabad.Theirtestimoniesareincompleteharmonywitheach
other.
Apart from above mentioned witnesses the following
witnesseshavealsodeposedonthesefacts:

15.4

The witnesses relating to incident taken place at Gang

NaharMuradNagar(FIRNo.141/87PSMuradNagar).

PW33 Inspr. Rajender Singh Bhagor is the initial IO in

respectofcaseFIRNo.141/87u/s302/307/364/201IPCregisteredatP.S
MuradNagar,U.PattheinformationofPW4MuziburRehman.Hehas
interactedwithPW3Mohd.Usmanandoneotherpersonwhoexpiredon
thewaytohospital(Qamaruddin).Healsodeposedaboutstepstakenby
him during investigation before it was marked to CBCID. He has
tenderedseizurememoEx.PW33/Aregardingbloodstainedearthetcand
siteplanEx.PW33/B.
PW56N.U.AnsarihadinteractedwithPW1ZulfikarNasir
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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and talked with Mr. Syed Sahabuddin and Mr.Chander Shekher, both
MemberofParliament.
PW83Mohd.Hanifjoinedtheinvestigationwithpoliceand
isawitnesstoseizurememoEx.PW33/C.
PW85 Sh. Chander Kant Tyagi was posted as Judical
MagistrateMeerutandrecordedthestatementofMohd.Naeem,Mohd.
Usman and Zulfikar Nasir i.eEx.PW2/A, Ex.PW3/A and Ex.PW1/A
respectivelyu/s164Cr.P.C.

15.5

Theotherwitnessesrelatingtotheincidenttakenplaceat

HindonriverGhaziabad(FIRNo.110/87P.SLinkRoadGhaziabad).
PW6SukhbirSinghdeposedaboutrecoveryofdeadbodyat
NaharsituatednearhisvillagevideEx.PW6/A.
PW7Ct.RattanSinghdeposedaboutrecoveryofdeadbody
videEx.PW7/A.
PW8 Ct. Rattan Lal deposed about recovery of two dead
bodiesvideEx.PW8/A&Ex.PW8/B.
PW12 Digamber Tyagi is stated to be the person who
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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informed the police about the firing incident but this witness has not
deposed categorically as per case of prosecution and was even cross
examinedbyLd.Spl.PP.
PW13Inspr.VirenderSinghYadavistheinitialIOincase
FIRNo.110/87 who alongwithPW12DigambarTyagi andfewother
policeofficialsproceededtothespotatHindonrivernearvillageMakan
Pur.HemetPW11Babuddinandtookotherstepsduringinvestigation.
HepreparedsiteplanEx.PW13/Aandseizedthebloodstainedearthvide
memo Ex.PW13/A. He further deposed about recovery of two dead
bodiesandinquestproceedingsquathesame.
PW14SIRamLakhanparticipatedintheinvestigationwith
PW13Inspr.VirenderSingh.
PW27SISripalparticipatedintheinvestigationanddeposed
aboutPanchayatnamaEx.PW27/1&Ex.PW6/A.
PW36SIV.B.SinghwastheS.OP.SLinkRoadGhaziabad
and took over the investigation from PW13. He sent a report
requisitioningdiversvideEx.PW36/Aandalsowroteoneapplicationin
respectofdeadbodiesrecoveredfromthejurisdictionofP.SKalyanPuri
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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vide Ex.PW36/B. He also moved the application before Ld. CJM


GhaziabadseekingcopyofstatementvideEx.PW36/C.
PW45Ct.AjayhasdeposedaboutregistrationofcaseFIR
no.110/87P.SLinkRoad.
PW80Smt.SnehLataAggarwalwaspostedasAddl.City
MagistrateGhaziabadandsherecordedthestatementofPW11Babuddin
videEx.PW80/A.

15.6

Sofarasthefactsregardingabductionofabout42persons

fromMohallaHashimpurainthePACtruckisconcerned,thetestimonies
ofPW1,PW2,PW3,PW4&PW11,whoallaresurvivorsandwere
present in the said truck, is quite specific and categorical. PW1 has
describedthatdirectionsweregivenbythePACofficialstothegroupof
elderlypeopleandchildrenleftatthespottomaintainpeaceandgoto
theirrespectivehousesbeforetheycouldleavefortheirhouses,thePAC
officialstookoutofthemtheableguardedelderlypersonsandtheboysof
hisage(PW1mustbearound17yearsofageatthetimeofincident)and
thiswayabout4045personswerescrutinizedandmadetositintheonly
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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truckleftatthespotonwhich'PAC'waswritten.Similarly,PW2Mohd.
Naeemdescribedthatatabout08.00pm,hesawthatonlytruckofPAC
withyellowcolourwasleftthereandabout50personsleftatthespotafter
08.00 pm were made (to sit) in the yellow PAC truck. PW3 Mohd.
Usmandescribedthataftersomeshortofscrutinyandsegregationabout
50youngmenweremadetostandononesideandthereaftertheywere
madetositinayellowcolouredPACtruck.PW4hasdescribedthisfact
thatoutofthepersonsleftattheplacenearPeepaltree,PACsegregated
youngandstrongpersonswhowereabout50innumber,veryyoungand
oldpersonswereallowedtoleavefortheirhouse,onetruckofyellow
colourbelonging toPACwasstandingthere,PACpersonscommanded
themtositinthesaidPACyellowcolouredtruck.PW11hasdescribed
that the PAC officials then segregated a few persons of Hashimpura
Mohallaandhe(PW11)wasoneofthem,thePACofficialshadaskedold
agedpersonsandthechildrentogoaway,theywereallowedtogo,he
(PW11)andotherswerethenaskedtoboardayellowcolouredtruckof
PAC,inthattrucktheirstrengthwas4045.Someotherwitnesseshave
alsodeposedonthesefactsshowingthatoutofseveralhundredpersons
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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roundedupinmohallaHashimpuraalastbunchofabout4045persons
were boarded in ayellowcoloured truck of PAC on which'PAC'was
written.Alsothatabout1820PACJawansalsogotintothesametruck.

15.7

Inthisregard,itisarguedonbehalfofaccusedpersonsthat

thereweredifferent typeofforcesoperatingatthespotonthedateof
incidentincludinglocalpolice,PACandArmyanditisnotclearfromthe
record asto by whom those 4045persons wereabductedasthereare
contradictionsandimprovementsinthestatementsofeyewitnessesinthis
regard.Itisalsosubmittedthatnoneoftheeyewitnesseshavegiventhe
registrationnumberofconcernedtrucknortheyhavespecificknowledge
aboutthecolouroftheuniformoftheofficialswhomadethemboardin
thetrucknoranynameorrankhasbeenprovided.

15.8

Ifthetestimoniesofabovementionedinjured/eyewitnesses

are analyzed, it is quite clear that the so called improvements in their


statementareinformoffurtherexplanationandthesamearenotcontrary
totheearlierstatementsgiventopolice.Maybetheinjured/eyewitnesses
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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have not been able to give the truck number, name and ranks of the
concernedofficials,thefactsdeposedbythemaresufficientlyexplicitand
reliable to reach at aconclusion that the bunch of 4045 persons, was
madetoboardinthePACtruckwhichwasthelasttruckavailableatthe
spotandabout1820PACofficialsalsoboardedthesame.Itcannotbe
lostsightofthatasperdescriptiongivenbythewitnessestheabducted
personswereinastateofterror.Thewisdomandcommonsenseofthese
witnessescannotbechallengedtoanextentthattheycannotevenmake
distinctionbetweenthetrucksoruniformoridentificationoftheofficials
by their uniform that it was a PAC truck and the officials were PAC
officials. It does not make any difference if some witnesses have
describedtheuniformoftheofficialsasKhakhiuniformorothershave
described it as Pilli or Khakhi Pilli. Usually there is a significant
differencebetweentheuniformsofdifferentforcesandevenacommon
man can very well distinguish as to which uniform pertains to which
force. The contradictions or improvements as claimed by the defense
counselareminorinnaturesofarasthedescriptionofthetruckandthe
accompanyingofficialsbeingrelatedtoPAC,isconcerned.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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15.9

FIRNo.110/87&141/87
P.SLinkRoadGhaziabad&MuradNagar

Sofarastheincident allegedlytakenplaceatGangNahar

Murad Nagar is concerned, the testimonies of PW1, PW2, PW3 &


PW4andPW11arequiteclear,specific,explicitanddescriptiveinthis
regard.Allthesewitnesseshaveclaimedthattheywereinthesametruck
whichwastakentoGangNaharfromMohallaHashimpura.Theincident
at Gang Nahar Murad Nagar has three parts. Firstly three persons
including Zulfikar Nasir (PW1) wereinitially shot at one by one and
throwninto GangNaharandoutofthemPW1subsequently survived.
Secondly, when PW1 Zulfikar Nasir was being shot at the remaining
abductedpersonsinsidethetruckstartedshouting'BachaoBachao'andto
makethemsilentthePACofficialsmadeindiscriminatefiringinsidethe
truckinwhichseveralpersonswereinjuredandprobablysomeofthem
expiredthereinsidethetruckitself. Thirdly,afterindiscriminatefiring
insidethetruckthePACofficialskilledsomeotherpersons,around1516
innumber,onebyoneandthrewthemintheGangNahar.PW2Mohd.
Naeem,PW3Mohd.UsmanandPW4MuzibarRehmanwereamongst
thosepersonsandwhosurvived.Thetestimonyofthesewitnessesisquite
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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consistent with each other and there are no major deviations or


contradictions. The other witnesses i.e PW33, PW56, PW83 and
PW85havealsocorroboratedthefactsdeposedbytheeyewitnessesas
discussed above,regardingtheincidentoccurredatGangNaharMurad
NagarwhichwasinitiallyinvestigatedbyP.SMuradNagarvideFIRNo.
141/87.

15.10

AsfarastheincidentoccurredatHindonRivernearMakan

Purvillageisconcerned,acombinedreadingofthetestimoniesofPW1,
PW2,PW3,PW4&PW11makeitclearthatuponnoticingthehead
lightsofanapproachingvehicle,theaccusedpersonsstoppedfiringand
thetruckwasthentakentoPul/culvertofHindonRivernearMakanPur
villagewherethePACofficialsgotoutofthetruckandopenedthedala
(back door) of the truck and they again started bringing down the
abductedpersonsfromthetruckonebyoneandthrowingthemincanal
afterfiringatthembyrifles. About1520personswerethrowninthe
Hindoncanal. PW11Babuddinisthesoleeyewitnessoftheincident
whichhastakenplaceatHindonRiveranddespitesomedeviationshis
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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testimonyisfoundtobecompletelyreliable.ThefactsdeposedbyPW11
havebeenfurthercorroboratedandexplainedbytheotherwitnessesie.
PW13,PW14,PW36,PW45andPW80asdiscussedabove.Sothe
allegedfactsregardingtheincidentoccurredatHindonRivernearMakan
Purvillagestandprovedonrecord.

15.11

So far as earlier statements given by PW1, PW2, PW3,

PW4 & PW11 before the police or Magistrate i.e Ex.PW1/A,


Ex.PW1/DA, Ex.PW1/DB, Ex.PW2/A, Ex.PW3/A, Ex.PW3/DA,
Ex.PW4/A, Ex.PW4/DA, Ex.PW11/DA & Ex.PW11/DB are
concerned,thesamehavebeendulyexplainedbythesewitnesses. The
witnesseshaveclarifiedthattheywerethreatenedbythepolicetonotto
name the PAC in the statements to be given to authorities. This
explanation given by the witnesses is quite natural and genuine and
otherwisealso,itcaneasilybeunderstoodastowhatwillbethestateof
mindofapersonwhohasbeensubjectedtosuchabrutal experience.
The culprits had thrown the above mentioned witnesses in water by
presumingthemtobedeadandtheyhavesurvivedtheassaultonlybythe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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graceofGod.Thewitnesses,ifdidnotmentionallthefactsintheirearlier
statementsoriftheyhavegivenadifferentversionbeforethepoliceand
Magistrate,thesamestandsdulyclarifiedandexplainedandthesameis
notfataltothecaseofprosecutionsofarasthecommissionofoffenceis
concerned. Alltheabovementionedwitnessesarefoundtobetruthful,
genuineandreliablewitnesses.
Conclusionsonfactsinissuesno.4,5&6.
Inviewofabovediscussion,itcanbeconcludedthatalltheabove
mentionedthreefactsinissueatserialno.4,5&6havebeendulyproved
onrecord. Ithasbeenestablishedthatabout42personsabductedfrom
Mohalla Hashimpura were put in a yellow colour PAC truck by PAC
officials,thesaidtruck,insteadofpolicestationorpoliceline,wastaken
firsttoGangNaharMuradNagarwhereseveralabductedpersonswere
shotatandthrownintowatersofGangNahar,MuradNagarandthereafter
theremainingpersonswereshotatHindonRivernearMakanPurVillage,
GhaziabadandthrownintowatersofHindonRiverbypresumingallof
themtobedead.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Factno.7.

Thatintheincident,thepersonsnamelyZulfiqar,Naeem,Arif,
Mohd.Usman,MuzibarRehmanandBabuddinsurvivedthe
assault and remaining about 35 persons were killed by the
official.303riflesofthePACofficials.

16.1

Aspercaseofprosecutionabout42personswereabducted

fromMohallaHashimpura,MeerutinaPACtruckandtheywereshotat
Gang Nahar Murad Nagar and Hindon River village Makan Pur
Ghaziabad,U.P.Itisclearfromtheearlierdiscussionthatabout4045
persons belonging to Mohalla Hashimpura were taken in the truck
concernedandtheywereshotatasmentionedabove.Sofarasnumberof
injuredsurvivors anddeadpersonsandtheiridentityisconcerned,the
prosecutionhasexaminedfourtypeofwitnessesi.e
a) Injured/survivorsi.e.PW1,PW2,PW3PW4&PW11
b) Witnesses relating to recovery of dead bodies i.e. PW6, PW7,
PW8, PW9, PW10, PW13, PW14, PW15, PW18, PW24,
PW26&PW27.
c) Medical witnesses who conducted postmortem i.ePW5,PW16,
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW17,PW28,PW29,PW32andPW71.
d) Witnessesrelatingtoidentificationi.ePW1,PW3,PW4,PW11,
PW19,PW20,PW21,PW22,PW23,PW25,PW30,PW31,
PW48,PW51,PW53andsomeotherwitnesses.
Itisstatedonbehalfofstate/complainantthatapartfromfive
injuredpersonsi.ePW1,PW2,PW3,PW4&PW11,thereareeleven
deadbodieswhichhavebeenidentifiedbythewitnessesandthereare22
otherpersonswhowereabductedinthesaidtruckbuttheirdeadbodies
were not found. Alongwith written arguments, the complainants have
submitted the list of all these persons which is being discussed herein
after.
16.2Injuredpersons

Atserialno.1to5inthelistprovidedbythecomplainants,

therearenamesofeyewitnessesnamelyZulfikarNissar(PW1),Mohd.
Naeem (PW2), Mohd. Usman (PW3) Muzibur Rehman (PW4) and
Babuddin(PW11).Themedicaldocumentsofthesewitnesseshavenot
beenprovedasperlawduringtrialdespitethefactthatMLCetc.ofthese
witnessesareavailableonrecord. But,themedicaldocumentsareonly
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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corroborativepieceofevidence.Thewitnesseshavedescribedthewhole
incidentandassaultindetailwhenexaminedincourt.Asperoralaccount
of the incident, all the occupants of the truck including PW1, PW2,
PW3,PW4&PW11wereassaultedbyfirearmandwerethrowninto
waterpresumingthemtobedeadbythePACofficials.Thetestimoniesof
theeyewitnessesaresufficienttoprovethattheywereshotatbyPAC
officialswithintentiontokillthem. SomemedicaldocumentsofPW3
have been tendered during his statement also. Further the injuries of
PW4 & PW11 were noticed even by Ld. Predecessor during their
examinationincourt.Theoverallfactsandcircumstancesofthecaseand
the testimonies of eyewitnesses are sufficient to establish that above
mentionedpersons/witnessesgotinjuredduringtheassault.

16.3Deadpersons
Theprosecutionhasclaimedthatabout35personshavebeen
killedintheassaultlaunchedbyofficialsofPACbutnodetailsorlistof
suchkilledpersonshavebeenbroughtonrecordorprovedduringtrial.
Thenamesoffollowingpersonsfromserialno.6to16arementionedin
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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thelist provided bythecomplainant anditissubmittedthattheywere


killed in the said incident and their dead bodies have been identified
duringinvestigation.
NameofMohdIqbalS/oDilsherKhanisatserialno.6in
the list provided by the complainants and it is argued that PW21 has
deposedquahim.PW21Ms.ZebunnisaiswifeofMohd.Iqbalandifher
testimony is considered the same is not specific to the effect that her
husbandwastakenintheconcernedtruckofPACwhichwasinvolvedin
theincident.DeadbodyofMohd.Iqbalhasbeenidentifiedbyhiselder
brother namely Kalua who has not been examined during trial while
PW21identifiedthephotographofherhusband onphotostate copyof
photographEx.PW21/Aanditisnotclearfromrecordastobywhomand
underwhatcircumstancesthedocumentEx.PW21/Awaspreparedand
howthesameisconnectedwiththepresentincident. Referenceisalso
made to document Ex.PW23/A which is one document in form of
identificationmemosupposedlypreparedduringinvestigationbutnameof
Mohd.Iqbalisnotthereinthesaiddocument.Moreover,thestatusofthe
documentEx.PW23/Ahasnotbeenexplainedorclarifiedduringtrial.It
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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isnotclearbywhomandunderwhatcircumstancesthesaiddocument
wasprepared.AnotherdocumentEx.PW62/Aavailableonrecordisalso
informofidentificationmemobutagainitisnotprovedasperlawasto
what is the status of that document and by whom and under what
circumstancesthesamehasbeenprepared.
NameofIslamuddinS/oHafijuddinisatserialno.7inthe
listprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
PW19. PW19IqbalisbrotherofIslamuddinandhehasidentifiedthe
dead body of Islamuddin on photograph Ex.PW19/A but again his
testimony is not specific to show that Islamuddin was in the above
mentionedPACtruckornot.Thereisnootherevidencetoshowthathe
wasseenbyanyoneinthetruckconcerned.Thecircumstancesleadingto
hisdeathhavenotbeenexplainedonrecord.
NameofJavedS/oZahirAhmedisatserialno.8inthelist
provided bycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
PW22AbdulHamid,PW77andPW78.SofarasPW22isconcerned,
hehasidentifiedJaved onthecopyofcomplaintMarkA.PW77also
claimedtohaveidentifiedthephotographofJavedsonofherdevarfrom
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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photograph but she could not identify her thumb impression on


identification memo Ex.PW23/A. PW78 is mother of Javed and she
simplydeposedthathistwosonsnamelyJavedandJamirweretakenby
police,PACandmilitaryandthatJamirreturnedbackafterabout18days
butJavedhadnotcomebacktilldate.Asaresultofcombinedreadingof
abovementionedthreewitnesses,itcanbeassumedthatJavedS/oZahir
Ahmedhasexpiredbut thecircumstancesleadingtohisdeathhavenot
beenproperlyestablished. Itisnotprovedthathewasinthesametruck
whichisinvolvedinthepresentincident.
Name of Ayub S/o Zaeed is at serial no. 9 in the list
provided by complainants and reliance is placed upon document
Ex.PW23/Aaccordingtowhichthedeadbodyhasbeenidentifiedbyone
Mohd.IllyasbutthesaidMohd.Illyashasnotbeenexaminedduringtrial
and the evidentiary value of Ex.PW23/A is in itself under doubt as
mentionedabove.Againitisnotprovedastohowhehasexpired.Hehas
notbeenseenbyanyoneinthetruckinquestion.
NameofNaeemS/oNoorAlamisatserialno.10inthelist
provided bycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW20anddocumentEx.PW23/A. PW20isbrotherofNaeemandhe
identifiedhimonEx.PW20/Abuthehasnotdeposedthathisbrotherwas
inthesametruck.Nowitnesshasclaimedthathewasseeninthetruckin
question.
NameofAllauddinS/oHaffijuddinisatserialno.11inthe
listprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthestatementof
AzidamandGaffar(PW31)anddocumentEx.PW23/A.PW31hasnot
deposedaboutAllauddinduringhisexaminationandhissignatureshave
alsonotbeenshowntohim,althoughhehadidentifiedhissignaturesat
point C on Ex.PW23 qua identification of other person namely
Nizamuddin. Apart from above there is no evidence to show that
Allauddinwasinthesametruckornot.Hencethedeathofthismancan
notbeattachedtothecaseinhand.
NameofAkeelS/oAzimuddinisatserialno.12inthelist
provided bycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
PW23ShakeelAhmedanddocumentEx.PW23/A.PW23hasidentified
thephotographofhisbrotherandidentifiedhissignatureonEx.PW23/A.
Thereisnodirectevidenceorreliablecircumstantial evidencetoshow
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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that he was in the same truck at the time of commission of offence.


Evidentiary value of Ex.PW23 is in itself under doubt as discussed
earlier.
NameofJamshedS/oZainuddinisatserialno.13inthe
listprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplacedonthestatementof
ZainuddinandArifwhohavenotbeenexaminedatallinthecourt.Name
ofJamshedismentionedindocumentEx.PW62/Awhichisalsoinform
ofidentificationmemopertainingtodeadbodiesbutasdiscussedearlierit
isnotexplainedastobywhomandunderwhatcircumstancesthesaid
document was prepared. Further it is not established on record that
Jamshedwasinthesametruckornot.
NameofRizwanS/oInnamullaisatserialno.14inthelist
provided by complainants andrelianceisplacedupon thestatement of
Naseem (mother) and Afroz (sister), who have allegedly identified his
deadbodyfromphotographandclothsasperdocumentEx.PW23/Abut
none of them have been examined during trial and connectivity of
documentEx.PW23/Aisalreadyunderdoubtforwantofevidenceasper
lawasdiscussedabove. Thereisnoevidencetotheeffectthatthisman
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waspresentinthesametruck.
NameofMunneS/oAlladiaisatserialno.15 inthelist
providedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthestatementsof
Nanua and Mohd. Ilyas as per Ex.PW23/A but they have not been
examinedduringtrial. Thereisnoevidencetoshowthepresenceofthis
personinthetruckinquestion.
NameofHafizzuddinS/oMunsiisatserialno.16 inthe
listprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthestatements
ofQutubuddinandDilshadasperdocumentEx.PW62/Abuttheyhave
notbeenexamined during trial. Moreoverthereisnodirectorindirect
evidencetoprovethepresenceofthismaninthetruckindisputeatthe
timeofincident.

16.4

Names of following persons at serial no. 17 to 38 are

mentionedinthelistprovidedbycomplainantsanditisclaimedthat
theywereabductedandkilledduringtheconcernedincidentbuttheir
deadbodieswereneverfound.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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NameofNaimS/oAbdulHamidisatserialno.17 inthe
listprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
PW22AbdulHamidandPW77Hazara. ThetestimoniesofPW22&
PW77arenotspecifictotheeffectthatNaimwasinthesametruckatthe
timeofincident.
Name of Mohd. Yasin (resident of 4, BagichaMohd.
Hussain,Hasimpura,Meerut) isatserialno.18 inthelistprovidedby
complainants and reliance is placed upon the testimonies of
PW1(Zulfiqar),PW2(Mohd.Naeem)andPW25(Mohd.Akhlaq,theson
of Mohd.Yasin) It is duly established from the record that a person
namelyMohd.Yasinwasthereinthesametruckinwhich4045persons
were abducted and that he was the first person shot at by the PAC
personnels,buthisdeadbodycouldnotberecoverednorhehasbeenseen
aliveaftertheincident.
NameofNizamuddinS/oAbdulShakulisatserialno.19
in the list provided by complainants and reliance is placed upon the
testimoniesofPW31GaffarandPW30ShakeelAhmed.Deadbodyof
Nizamuddin was identified by above mentioned two witnesses from
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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photographs but thereisnoevidencetoshowthat hewasinthesame


truck.Itisnotprovedasperlawunderwhatcircumstanceshehasexpired.
NameofQadirAhmedisatserialno.20inthelistprovided
by complainants and relianceisplaceduponthetestimonies ofPW48
ZameelAhmed(son)andPW55Dr.ZahiruddinAnsari.Thetestimonies
ofPW48andPW55isnotspecifictoshowthatQadirAhmedwasinthe
sametruck. HisdeadbodyhasnotbeenrecoveredandPW48deposed
thathecametoknowthathisfatherwasamongstthepeoplewhohadbeen
killedatGangNahar.Hisstatementinthisregardisfoundtobehearsay
materialandnobasishasbeenprovidedforsuchassumptions.
NameofKhadirisatserialno.21 inthelistprovidedby
complainants and reliance is placed upon the testimonies of PW49
Mehmuddan(wife)buttestimonyofPW49isnotspecificonanyofthe
aspects.
NameofHaziShamimAhmedS/oWaliMohd.isatserial
no.22inthelistprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthe
testimoniesofPW50LiakAhmed(brother),PW51Mehrunnisha(wife)
and PW55 Zahiruddin Ansar. The testimonies of none of the three
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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mentionedwitnessesisspecificenoughtoshowthatHaziShamimAhmed
wasinthetruckinvolvedintheincident. PhotographofHaziShamim
AhmedhasbeenidentifiedinMarkP51/Awhichatthemostsuggestthat
hewasoneofthepersonscollectedbythePAC,PoliceandMilitaryin
MohallaHashimpura.
NameofHaziMustkin(residentofhouseno.20,Bagicha
Mohd. Hussain, Hasimpura, Meerut )is at serial no. 23 in the list
providedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesof
PW52 RahisAhmed (son),PW60Tanveer(son),PW58Abdul Alim
and PW62 Sher Ali. A combined reading of these four witnesses
establishesthefactthatHaziMustkinwastakeninthesametruckwhich
is involved in the incident,

alongwith

persons namely

Qamaruddin,Usman,Zulfiqaretc.
NameofQamruddin s/oJamaluddin(residentofH.No.
36,BagichaMohd.Hussain,Hasimpura,Meerut)isatserialno.24in
the list provided by complainants and reliance is placed upon the
testimonies of PW1, PW2, PW53 Jamalluddin (father) and PW54
Parvez Ahmed. A combined reading of the testimonies of these four
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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witnessesmakeitsufficientlyclearthatQamruddinwasthereinthesame
truckandhewasbadlyinjuredbythegunshotinjuriesandhediedduring
investigation.HehasbeenidentifiedbyhissoninphotographMarkF.
NameofSadruddinS/oMohd.AliUllaisatserialno.25in
the list provided by complainants and reliance is placed upon the
testimonies of PW63 Farduddin (brother) and PW55 Dr. Zahiruddin
Ansari. The testimonies of these two witnesses is not specific that
Sadruddinwastakeninthesametruck.Although,itismentionedinthe
statementofPW55thatSadruddinwasamongst23personsseenbyhim
in onetruck which wasstill lying parkedat thespot whichwasbeing
filled.PW63hasalsodeposedonthebasisofhearsaythatsubsequently
itwaslearntthathisbrotherhadbeenshotdeadatMuradNagarNagar.
Thereisno reliable evidencetoshowthat hewaspresent inthetruck
concernedatthetimeofcommissionofoffence.
Name of Mehtaf S/o Jafar is at serial no. 26 in the list
provided bycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimonyof
PW61 Jafar (father) but testimony of this witness is not specific qua
abductionofhissoninthesametruck.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Name of Zaheer Ahmed is at serial no. 27 in the list


providedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesof
PW78Mst.Zarina(wife)whohassimplystatedthatpolice,PACand
militarycameinsidetherehouseandtookawayherhusbandwiththem,
whodidnotreturnthereafter.
NameofMohd.Hanifisatserialno.28inthelistprovided
by complainants and relianceisplaceduponthetestimonies ofPW87
Mohd. Isha (cousin) but his testimony is not specific that he was
taken/abductedinthesametruck.
NameofMohd.Azeem i.e.theuncleofPW4 isatserial
no.29inthelistprovidedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthe
testimonies of PW11 Babuddin and PW4 Muzibur Rehman(nephew).
TestimoniesofthesewitnessesisspecificandcleartoshowthatMohd.
AzeemwasthereinthesametruckandwasshotatbythePACofficials
duringindiscriminatefiringtakenplaceinthetruckatGangNahar.Itis
claimedthatMohd.Azimexpiredatthespotbuthisdeadbodycouldnot
berecovered.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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NameofKousarAlir/ovillageHariyat,isatserialno.30
in the list provided by complainants and reliance is placed upon the
testimonies of PW4 and PW11. Testimonies of these witnesses is
sufficienttoshowthatpersonnamelyKausarAliwaspresentinthesame
truck but there is no proof of his death as dead body has not been
recoveredoridentified.NameofthispersonhasbeendescribedasKausar
AliofvillageHariyatinthestatementofPW11whilePW4hassimply
mentionedKausar.Completedetailsabouthisparentageandaddressare
notavailable.
Name of Hansalauddin is at serial no. 31 in the list
providedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesof
PW11. Itisthereinthetestimony ofPW11Babuddin that aperson
namelyHansalauddinwasthereinthesametruckbutthereisnoproofof
hisdeathasthedeadbodyhadnotbeenrecoveredoridentifiedotherwise.
Further,detailsaboutparentageandaddressofthispersonarealsonot
available.
Name of Arif is at serial no. 32 in the list provided by
complainants and reliance is placed upon the testimonies of PW1,
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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ZulfikarNasir. AsperstatementofPW1thepersonnamelyArifwas
thereinthesametruckandwasinjuredbuthehadnotexpired.Thesaid
personnamelyArifescapedfromthespotnearGangNaharandnoclue
abouthissubsequentmovementisthereonrecord. Nodetailsabouthis
parentageandaddressareavailableonrecord.
NameofSarfrajisatserialno.33 inthelistprovidedby
complainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesofPW1Zulfikar
Nasir but neither the testimony of PW1 nor any other witness is
sufficientandspecifictoshowthathewasinthesametruckthoughitis
there in the testimony of PW1 that said person belonged to Mohalla
Hashimpuraasidentifiedfromthephotograph.Thesourceandrelevance
ofthesaidphotographhasnotbeenexplainedduringtrial.
NameofMehboobAliisatserialno.34inthelistprovided
by complainants and reliance is placed upon the testimonies of PW1
ZulfikarNasirbuttestimonyofPW1oranyotherwitnessisnotsufficient
andspecifictoshowthathewasinthesametruckthoughitisthereinthe
testimonyofPW1thatsaidpersonbelongedtoMohallaHashimpuraas
identifiedfromthephotograph. Again,thesourceandrelevanceofsaid
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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photographhasnotbeenestablished.
Nameof Hanif isat serial no.35 inthe list provided by
complainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesofPW1Zulfikar
Nasirbuttestimony ofPW1oranyotherwitnessisnotsufficientand
specifictoshowthathewasinthesametruck,though,itisthereinthe
testimonyofPW1thatsaidpersonbelongedtoMohallaHashimpuraas
identifiedfromthesomephotograph.
NameofMohd.Azimisatserialno.36inthelistprovided
bycomplainantsbutitisclearthatheisthesamepersonwhosenameis
mentionedanddiscussedatserialno.29.
Name of Mohd. Kaushar is at serial no. 37 in the list
providedbycomplainantsandrelianceisplaceduponthetestimoniesof
PW4butitseemsthatheisthesamepersonwhosenameismentioned
anddiscussedatserialno.30.
NameofAshrafisatserialno.38 inthelistprovidedby
complainants and reliance is placed upon the testimonies of PW1,
ZulfikarNasiranditisclearthatpersonnamelyAshrafwasshotatGang
NaharMuradNagarandthrowninwaterbutthereisnoproofregarding
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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hisdeathasthedeadbodyhasnotbeenrecoveredasperrecord.Further,
therearenodetailsaboutparentageoraddressofthisperson.

16.5

All the witnesses relating to recovery of dead bodies have

deposedthatallthedeadbodieswereofunknownpersons.PW6Sukhbir
Singh has deposed about recovery of one dead body vide Ex.PW6/A.
PW7Ct.Rattan Singh hasdeposedaboutrecoveryofonedeadbody
withinjurisdictionofP.SLinkRoadvideEx.PW7/A.PW8Ct.Rattan
Lalhasdeposedaboutrecoveryoftwodeadbodieswithinjurisdictionof
P.SLinkRoadvideEx.PW8/A&Ex.PW8/B.PW9HCMangeyRam,
PW10 HC Suranjan Singh and PW18 ACP Dayanand have deposed
aboutrecoveryoftwodeadbodieswithinjurisdictionofP.SKalyanPuri
DelhividedocumentsEx.PW18/AtoH.PW13Inspr.VirenderSingh
Yadavhasdeposedaboutrecoveryofonedeadbodywithinjurisdictionof
P.SLinkRoadvideEx.PW13/A&Ex.PW13/B.PW14SIRamLakhan
hasdeposedaboutrecoveryofonetwodeadbodieswithinjurisdictionof
P.SLinkRoadvideEx.PW14/A&Ex.PW14/B.PW15Inspr.Anilhas
deposed about recovery of one dead body within jurisdiction of P.S
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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SahibabadvideEx.PW15/A. PW24SIBirbalSinghandPW26S.D.
Mishra have deposed about recovery of one two dead bodies within
jurisdictionofP.SDadrivideEx.PW24/AandEx.PW26/A.PW27SI
Sripal Singh has deposed about Panchayatnama of dead bodies within
jurisdictionofP.SLinkRoadvideEx.PW27/1&Ex.PW6/A.PW81SI
BhojRajhasdeposedaboutinquestproceedingsofthreedeadbodiesvide
Ex.PW81/A,B&C.Itisclearfromthetestimoniesofabovewitnesses
that all the dead bodies were recovered as dead bodies of unknown
personsandthesamewerenotidentifiedatthatstage.

16.6

Similarly, all the medical witnesses who conducted the

postmortemondifferentdeadbodieshavealsomentionedintheirreports
thatthedeadbodieswereofunknownpersons.PW5Dr.S.N.Aggarwal
conducted postmortem on the dead body of one unknown person vide
Ex.PW5/A.PW16Dr.JaiPrakash conductedpostmortemoftwodead
bodiesofunknownpersonsvideEx.PW16/A&Ex.PW16/B.PW17Dr.
S.C.Mishraconductedpostmortemonthedeadbodiesoffiveunknown
person vide Ex.PW17/A to E. PW28 Dr. A.K. Sharma conducted
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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postmortem on the dead bodies of four unknown persons vide


Ex.PW28/A,B,C&D.PW29Dr.J.Prasadconductedpostmortemon
the dead bodies of two unknown persons vide Ex.PW29/A &
Ex.PW29/B.PW32Dr.A.K.Ratticonductedpostmortemonthedead
bodyofoneunknownpersonvideEx.PW32/A.PW71Dr.M.K.Singh
conducted postmortem on the dead body of one unknown person vide
Ex.PW71/A.So,itisclearthatallthedeadbodieswerenotidentified
tillthetimepostmortemwasconducted.

16.7

A combined reading of all the witnesses falling in four

different categories as discussed above leads to following conclusions


regardingtheinjuredpersonsandthedeadpersons:
Firstly,thepersonsnamelyZulfikarNashir(PW1),Mohd.
Naeem (PW2), Mohd. Usman (PW3),Muzibur Rehman (PW4 ) and
Babuddin(PW11)wereshotatbythePACstaffduringtheincidentbut
theysurvived.
Secondly,thepersonnamelyQuamaruddinwaspresentinthe

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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sametruck, hewasshot at bythePACofficials,hewasfound bythe


policeininjuredconditionandhesubsequentlyexpired. Hisdeathand
identificationstandsdulyproved.
Thirdly,thepersonsnamelyMohd.Yasin,HaziMustkinand
Mohd. Azim were present in the same truck and shot at by the PAC
officialsbutitcannotbesaidconclusivelythattheyweredeadornotas
neither their dead bodies could be recovered nor they were otherwise
located.
Fourthly, thepersonsnamelyAshraf,Arif,KausharAliand
Hansalluddin were also there in the same truck but neither their dead
bodies have been recovered nor the complete details about their
identification/parentage/addresshavebeenestablishedduringtrial.
Fifthly, some other dead bodies were recovered during
investigation butthesamewereeithernotidentifiedoritcouldnotbe
establishedthattheywereinthesametruck.
Lastly, itisalsothereinevidencethatseveral persons are
missingbutthereisnoproofthattheywereinthesametruckornot.

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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16.8Causeofdeath
As per case of prosecution, several dead bodies of the
occupantsofthetruckinquestionwererecoveredfromdifferentplacesas
discussedabove.Itisalsocaseoftheprosecutionthatallthesepersons
werekilledbythePACofficialsbytheirofficials.303rifles. Though,
some of the dead bodies recovered during investigation have not been
properly identified or linked with the alleged incident, the postmortem
reportspreparedbydifferentmedicalofficersonsuchdeadbodieshave
establishedthatallthedeadpersonswerehavinggunshotsinjuriesand
thecause ofdeath was'dueto'shockandhaemorrhage'resulting from
suchinjuries.

16.9Weaponofoffence
The case of prosecution as mentioned above is that the
occupantsofthetruckwerekilledbythePACofficialsbytheirofficial.
303rifle.Seventeenrifles,supposedlyseizedduringinvestigation,were
gotexaminedfromFSLalongwithotherexhibitsi.eonefiredbullet,six
metalpieces/firedbulletpiecesandonemutilatedjacketpiece.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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InthisregardiftestimoniesofPW1,PW2,PW3,PW4&
PW11areseen,itisfoundthatthewitnesseshavementionedthatthe
PAC officials were carrying rifles with sangeens. Ten unsealed rifles
without Sangeens were shown to PW1 Zulfikar Nasir, PW2 Mohd.
Naeem&PW3Mohd.Usmanandafterseeingthesame,theydeposed
thattherecouldbesimilarriflesusedintheoffence.
PW38Sh.OmParkashManiTripathiistheBallisticexpert
whoprovedhisthreereportsinthisregard. AsperreportEx.PW38/A,
one fired bullet (recovered from one of the dead body) was having
characteristicssimilarto.303rifleanditseemstohavebeenfiredfrom.
303rifle. AsperreportEx.PW38/B,alltheseventeen.303rifleswere
testedandcomparedwithfiredbulletbutnoconclusioncouldbegiven
due to want of sufficient characteristics marks. As per report
Ex.PW38/D,sixmetalpieces/firedbulletpieceswereexaminedbutno
conclusioncouldbegiven.
PW39Sh.RoopSinghisalsoaBallisticexpertandhehas
givenhisreportEx.PW39/Atotheeffectthatthemutilatedjackedpiece
couldnotbelinkedpositivelywithanyoftheseventeen.303riflesfor
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wantofsufficientcharacteristicsmarks.
Further,although,seventeenrifleshavebeensenttoFSLfor
examination but there is no record or evidence to show under what
circumstances the said rifles were seized and from whom they were
seized.Itisnotclearastowhichriflewasrecoveredfromwhichaccused
orfromwhichofficeorstore.Noindependentwitnesshasbeenexamined
to prove the seizure of weapon or ammunition. No official record of
issuanceofarmsandammunitionhasbeenprovedonrecorddespitethe
factthattheoffendersaremembersofarmedforces.Thereisnothingon
record to show that any of the above mentioned seventeen rifles were
actuallyissuedtotheaccusedpersonsortheywerehavingpossessionover
thesameontherelevantdateandtime. Moreover,therifleshavebeen
producedinunsealedconditionsduringtrial.Furthersomanyfireshave
been allegedly made but not even a single empty cartridge has been
recovered or proved on record. No subsequent opinion has been taken
fromthedoctorsconcernedregardingtheweaponofoffence.
The only FSL opinion that one fired bullet was having
characteristicssimilarto.303rifleisnotconclusivetosaythattheweapon
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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ofoffenceistherecoveredrifle/rifles.

17

Factsinissueno.8to11

That accused Leeladhar sustained injuries during


indiscriminatefiringinthetrucktakenplaceatGangNahar
MuradNagar.

That the truck which was used in the incident was of 41st
BattalionPACwithregistrationno.URU1493.

ThatthesaidtruckhadcomefromPilokhadiChowkiandwas
drivenbyaccusedMokhamSingh.

That the accused persons facing trial led by the Platoon


Commander accused Surender Pal Singh (since deceased),
werethePACofficialspresentonabovementionedtruckwho
committedtheallegedcrime.

Thecaseoftheprosecutionisthatoneoftheaccusednamely
LeelaDhargotinjuredduringthefiringinsidethetruckandthetruckof
PACwhichwasusedintheincidentwasofthe41stBattalionofPACwith
registrationno.URU1493,whichhadcomefromPilokhdiChowkiand
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wasdrivenbyaccusedMokamSingh.FurtherthatthePACofficialswho
were present in the said truck and who committed the offence were
officialsof'C'Companyof41st BattalionandtheywereledbyPlatoon
CommanderaccusedSurenderPalSingh(sinceexpired).Thetestimonies
offollowingwitnessesarerelevantontheseissues.

17.1

IDENTITYOFTHETRUCKINVOLVEDININCIDENT

BYITSREGISTRATIONNUMBER.
Although, it has already been observed during earlier
discussionthatthetruckconcernedwasofthePACbuttheidentityofthe
truckbyitsregistrationnumberhasnotbeensofarestablished.Noneof
thewitnesseswhoclaimedtobeeyewitnesses,havegiventheregistration
numberofthetruckwhichwasinvolvedintheincident.Theprosecution
has examined some other witnesses to establish that the registration
numberoftheconcernedtruckwasURU1493.
PW34Ct.IshwarSinghofCBCID,PW35Ct.Rameshwar
ofCBCID,PW40Inspr.RangnathShuklaofCBCIDandPW41Inspr.
UdaivirofCBCIDarethewitnesseswhohavemeasuredtheroutewhich
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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wasallegedlytakenbythetruckinquestionatthetimeofcommissionof
offencei.efromMeeruttoGangNahartoMakanPurtoMeerutanditis
reportedthattotaldistancewasfoundto160KMandmemoEx.PW40/A
waspreparedbythem.
PW59Dr.NaseemZaiditheDistrictMagistrate,PW74Sh.
V.N.Rai,theSPGhaziabad,PW75Sh.KamlenderPrasadAddl.S.Pand
PW76Sh.YashpalTanwar,Addl.S.Phavedeposedtotheeffectthaton
thebasisofinteractionwiththeofficerspresentat41stBattalionPACthey
cametoknowthatPlatoonCommanderSurenderpalSinghhadcomefrom
MeerutwithaPACtruckandhadlefttheBattalionforMeerut.Onthe
basisofthisinformationthemotortransportsectionofthe41stBattalion
wasinspectedandthegroundtherewasfoundwetanditappearedthata
truckhadbeenwashedthere.Itwasalsonoticedthattherewasapond
neartheM.TSectionandithadwaterandsomereddishcolouronthe
basisofwhichtheyconcludedthatsomevehiclehadbeenwashed.
PW42Inspr.BadanSinghYadavofCBCIDhastakenthe
photographsofthetruckno.URU1493.PW70Sh.RamChandGirihas
producedtherunningregisterofvehicleno.URU1493ofrelevantperiod.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW82MaheshNarainTiwariistheexpertfromFSLLucknowwhohas
notprovedanyreportandsimplydeposedthatheinspectedaPACtruck
inthepolicestationatMeerutbuthedidnotfindanythinginthesaid
truckwhichcouldconcernhim. PW38Sh.OmParkashManiTripathi
has also examined the truck no. URU1493 and he gave his report
Ex.PW38/Cinwhichitismentionedalongwithotherfactsthata6x6inch
metalpatchwasweldedatthebacksideofthetruck(peechhekebhag
mainpaindepar)andtherewasalsoadepressiondentwhichwaspossible
bystrikingofaprojectile.
Onthebasisofabovementionedevidence,itismadeoutthat
thereisnodirectevidencetoconnectthetruckno.URU1493withthe
incident and the prosecution has relied upon the route measurement,
inspectionofM&Tsection41st BattalionandFSLresultEx.PW38/Cto
prove that it was truck no. URU1493 which was used by the PAC
officialsincommissionofallegedoffence.Iftheentireevidencebrought
onrecordbyprosecutionduringtrialisconsidered,itrevealedthatthereis
no direct evidence in this regard and the prosecution has relied upon
certain circumstances to reach at a conclusion that it was truck no.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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URU1493usedinthecrime.Sofaraswitnessesrelatingtoinspectionof
theM&Tsectionof41stBattalionareconcerned,theyhaveacteduponthe
information givenbysomeoneandtheyonlyconcludedonthebasisof
wetearthandreddishwaterpresentatthespotthatsomevehiclehasbeen
washedthere. Thereisnothingonrecordtoshowthatitwastruckno.
URU1493whichwastakenintheM&Tsectionorwashedthere.Further
itisnot clearwhat wasthat reddish substance seenat thespot bythe
witnesses.Thereisnoseizureofthatreddishsubstancenorthereisany
chemicalexaminationofthesametosuggestthattherewasbloodmixed
inthewaterduetowashingoftruck. Furtherifsomanypersonswere
shotatinsidethesaidtruckduringtheindiscriminatefiring,thenpresence
ofbloodshouldbethereforalongtimeevenafterwashingofthetruck.
Nobloodhasbeenfoundorliftedfromtruckno.URU1493.Somany
seniorofficershaveinspectedthespotbutnoconcreteevidencehasbeen
collectedbythemorprovedduringtrial.Conclusionscannotbedrawnon
thebasisofassumptionsandpresumptionsconceivedbytheinvestigating
agencywithoutanysupportingmaterial.
Similarly, the alleged measurement of route taken by the
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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truckinvolvedinincidentisofnoconsequencestoconnectthetruckno.
URU1493withtheoffence. Itcouldhavebeenofsomehelpifother
recordregardingdeploymentandrunningregisterofallthevehicleswas
examined and proved to show any unusual movement of the truck
concerned.
Further,thereportofFSLEx.PW38/Cisalsonotofmuch
help to the prosecution as the truck has been examined by PW38 on
03.01.1988 i.e much after the alleged incident and possibility of some
otherfactorsnecessitatingthefixingofpatchonthebodyoftruckcannot
beruledout.Proximityofexaminationisalwaysakeytocorrectnessbut
thesameismissinginthepresentcase.Also,aspercaseofprosecution
indiscriminatefiringwasopenedbyPACofficialsinsidethetruckatGang
Naharandinthatsituationbulletmarkswouldhavebeenthereatdifferent
placesinsidethetruckbutnosuchmarksexcepttheoneallegedpatchof
6x6inches,hasbeenfoundinthebodyoftruckduringexaminationbythe
expert/experts.
Apart from above circumstances there is no other reliable
materialtoshowthatitwastruckno.URU1493whichwasusedbythe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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culpritsduringcommissionofoffence.Nochainhasbeenestablishedto
reachatadefiniteconclusionaboutconnectionbetweentheoffenceand
abovementionedtruck.Admittedly,riotsweregoingoninMeerutCity
andseveralvehiclesweredeployed.Theprosecutionhadtheobligationto
bringonrecordsomereliableandconclusiveevidencetoshowthattruck
no.URU1493wasthetruckwhichwasusedbytheculprits.

17.2

IDENTITYOFACCUSEDPERSONSASCULPRITS
Itiscontendedonbehalfoftheprosecutionthattheaccused

persons facing trial led by Subedar Surenderpal Singh were the PAC
officialswhohavecommittedtheoffence.Apartfromotherevidencethe
prosecutionhasalsorelieduponthemedicaldocumentsofaccusedLeela
DharandlistofofficialsofPACwhereinnamesofalltheaccusedpersons
arementionedandaccusedMohkamSinghhasbeenmentionedasdriver
ofabovementioned truck. Thetestimonies offollowingwitnesses are
relevant for considering the issue of identity of accused persons as
culprits.
17.3

Eyewitnessesaccountonidentityofculprits

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW1 Zulfikar Nasir, PW2 Mohd. Naeem, PW3 Mohd.


Usman, PW4 Muzibur Rehman and PW11 Babuddin are the eye
witnesses who have survived the incident. All these witnesses, when
examinedincourthavenotidentifiedanyoftheaccusedpersonsasthe
culprits.Inabsenceofidentificationofculpritsbytheeyewitnesses,the
burdenwasontheprosecutiontoestablishtheidentityofculpritswiththe
helpofpositivecircumstantialevidence.Sofarasfactsdeposedbythese
witnessesareconcerned,PW1hasstatedthattherewere1820officials
of PAC within the truck at that time. Further that PAC officials had
surroundedtheminthetruckinamannersothattheywerenotvisibleto
any outsider. Further that all PAC officials werecarrying riffles with
'Sangeen'attheirtops.FurtherthatthesaidPACofficialswerewearing
'Khaki'uniforms.Heagainsaid,itwasa'Khakipili'typeuniforms.PW2
hasstatedthatsaidPACofficialswerecarryingofficialrifleswiththem.
Furtherthat they werealsowearingblackironhelmets ontheirhands.
Further that some of the rifles were carrying 'sangeens' at their tops.
FurtherthatthetruckwasthentakentoapetrolpumpnearMawanabus
standviaNanakChandCollegeand5or6PACJawansthenboardedthe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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truck at that point and they took their seats in the cabin of the trukc.
Furtherthattheyallwerein'Peeli'uniform. PW3 hasstatedthat that
theyweremadetositonthefloorofthetruckwhere1516PACJawans
withhelmetsontheirheadandriflesintheirhands,stoodaroundthem
insidethetruckandaskedthemnottoraisetheirheads.PW4hasstated
that1415JawansofPACalsoboardedthesaidtruckatthattime.Further
that PAC jawans were wearing yellow coloured uniform and were
carryingrifleswithsangeensattheirtopsandwerehelmets. PW11 has
statedthat14or15officialsofPAChadalsoboardedthattruckandtheir
dresswasoflightyellowcolour.Furtherthattheywerewearinghelmets
andtheywerehavingrifleswithbayonets(Sangeen).Itisexplainedbythe
witnessesthatitwasdarkatthetimeofincident.Theexplanationgiven
bythesewitnessescanotherwisealsobeacceptedasclearlytheywereina
horrifiedstateofmindandtheculpritswereinofficialsuniformsanditis
noteasyforanyonetoidentifytheculprits.

17.4

Otherwitnessesexaminedbyprosecutiontoconnectthe

Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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accusedpersonswiththeoffence.
Apart from testimony of above mentioned witnesses, the
prosecution hasexamined someotherwitnesses toconnecttheaccused
persons, who are facing trial, with the alleged offence. These other
witnesses include PW37 Dr. S.K. Sekri Senior Scientific Officer who
conducted Polygraphy test of eleven suspects and submitted his report
Ex.PW37/A.AsperreportEx.PW37/A,heconductedpolygraphictest
of 11 persons out ofwhich persons namely SurenderPal Singh, Leela
Dhar,OmParkashandMokhamSinghwereimpleadedasaccusedinthis
case.AccusedSurenderPalSinghandOmParkashhavealreadyexpired
andproceedingsagainstthemhavealreadyabated.SofarasaccusedLeela
DharandMokhamSinghareconcerned,thereportEx.PW37/Ahasnot
givenconclusiveobservations.InpartAofreportquaaccusedLeelaDhar
itismentionedthataccordingtotestandanalysistheanswergivenbyhim
isperhapsincorrect.ThepartBobservedthattheanswersareperhaps
correctwhilepartCmentionedthatnoopinioncouldbefurnishedonthe
question mentioned in that part. Similarly the report qua accused
MokhamSinghisalsointwoparts. PartAmentionedthattheanswers
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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given by accused Mokham Singh in that part are Perhaps incorrect


while part B mentioned that no opinion could be furnished qua the
answersmentionedinthatpart.Itisclearthatthereportofpolygraphy
expert is not conclusive and otherwise also such reports have no
evidentiary value of their own and same are not substantive piece of
evidence.
Further PW89 Sh. Sube Singh is retired DSP and he
remainedin41st BattalionPACfromApril1984to31.12.1987. Hehas
deposed about the hierarchy of PAC staff and that he was posted as
CompanyCommanderofBcompanyin41stBattalionPAC.
PW90 HC Niranjan Lal Gautam has remain posted in
differentbattalionsofPACondifferenttimesandhehasdeposedthatthe
transferrecordinrespectofofficersofPACismaintainedinrespective
Units.
PW91Ct.MayaPrakashremainedpostedin41st Bn.PAC
from1981till2002. Hedeposedthatintheyear1987the41 st Bn.was
postedinMeerutandatthattime,hewasinCCompanyoftheBattalion.
FurtherthatSh.RamRattanRamwastheCompanyCommanderandhe
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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tenderedthedocumentEx.PW91/Ai.elistoftheofficialsofCCompany
41stBattalionPAC.

17.5

AdditionalEvidencetoshowinvolvementofaccusedLeela

Dharintheincident.
ApartfromthereportofpolygraphictestgivenbyPW37,the
prosecution hasalso reliedupon thetestimonies ofPW43Dr.Subodh
Tyagi and PW69 Sh. Mam Chand, Pharmacist of Sardar Vallab Bhai
PatelHospital,Meerut.ItiscaseofprosecutionthataccusedLeelaDhar
sustainedbulletinjuryinhiseyeduringtheindiscriminatefiringoccurred
insidethetruckatGangNaharMuradNagarandthathewassubsequently
examinedbyPW43attheabovementionedhospital.PW43hasproved
the casualty admission register Ex.PW43/A and injury report
Ex.PW43/BshowingthataccusedLeelaDharwastreatedbyhim.As
per medical record, the said accused was brought to hospital on
23.05.1987bySubedarS.P.Singhandhehadsustainedaninjurycaused
byafirearmwhichwashalfadayold.ItisarguedonbehalfofStatethat
asperlistEx.PW91/A,theaccusedLeelaDharwaspostedinCCompany
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PAC,hewastakentohospitalbyPlatoonCommanderSurnderPalSingh
who is mentioned as Subedar S.P. Singh in Ex.PW43/B and that the
bullet injury mentioned in medical report was sustained during
indiscriminatefiringinsidethetruck.Itissubmittedthatthisfactproves
thatitwastheCcompanyofPACwhichwasinvolvedintheincidentand
accusedLeelaDharwasoneoftheculprit. Ontheotherhand,accused
LeelaDharhastakenastandthatthesaidinjurywascausedbystrikingof
a pointed glass particle against Cornea during the riots duty as two
communitieswerequarrelingandthrowingpetrolbombsoneachother.It
isalsocontendedthatPW43isageneralMedicalofficerandnotaneye
specialist and no report of an eyespecialist or eye surgeon has been
broughtonrecorddespitethefactthepatientwasrefereedtoeyesurgeon
by PW43 at the time of examination. If the testimony of PW43 is
analyzed in light of the contentions made on behalf of accused, the
objections raised by ld. defense counsel are found to be forceful.
Admittedly,PW43isnotaneyeexpert.Thepatientwasreferredtoeye
surgeonbutnoreportofeyesurgeonhasbeenproduced. Nonatureof
firearmhasbeenmentionedinthereportofPW43andasperopinionof
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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PW43 the injury could have been caused by any firearm. It is also
admittedbyPW43duringcrossexaminationthatinjuryno.1couldhave
beenpossiblebywayofpellethittingagainstthecorneaandsuchpellet
couldhavebeenresultofanaccidentalfire.ItisalsoadmittedbyPW43
thatasperhisreporttherewasnotattooing,blackeningorcharringround
thewound.Furtheritisadmittedthattheinjurymentionedinthereport
waspossiblebythestrikingofanypointedglassparticleagainstcornea.
Thefacts suggested by PW43 arein consonance with the explanation
givenbyaccusedLeelaDharduringcrossexaminationofPW43andalso
during hisstatementu/s313Cr.P.Cthatthesaidinjurywascausedby
strikingofapelletorpointedglassparticleagainstcorneaduringtheriots
dutyastwocommunitieswerequarrelingandthrowingpetrolbombson
eachother.Itcanalsonotbeforgottenthatadmittedlyriotsweregoingon
inMeerutCityattherelevanttime.Itiswellsettledlawthattwoviews
arepossibleonaparticularfactthentheonefavoringtheaccusedistobe
accepted by the court. In such circumstances, it can be said that the
medical record of accused Leela Dhar is not a clear and conclusive
circumstancetoconnecthimwiththeallegedincident,particularlywhen
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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noneofthewitnesseshavedeposedabouthispresenceeitherinMohalla
Hashimpuraorinsidethetruckconcerned.Noeyewitnesshassaidthat
one of the PAC official was also injured by gun shot during the
indiscriminate firing taken place inside the truck at Gang Nahar, as
claimedbytheprosecution.Moreover,thereisnodisclosurestatementof
thisaccusedoranyrecoverieseffectedfromhimhavebeenproducedon
recordduringtrial.Simplybecauseheismemberof41stBattalionPAC
andsufferedaninjuryineye,itcannotbepresumedthathewasinthesaid
truckorthathesustainedinjuryduringtheindiscriminatefiringinsidethe
truckatGangNaharMuradNagar.

17.6

Additional evidence to show involvement of accused

MohkamSinghintheincident.
Itiscaseofprosecutionthattheconcernedtruckhadcome
fromPilokhadiChowkiandwasbeingdrivenbyaccusedMohkamSingh.
Apartfromthereportofpolygraphictesttheprosecutionhasreliedupon
thetestimonyofPW91Ct.MayaPrakashwhohasproducedthelistof
officials posted with C Company 41st Battalion PAC at the time of
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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incidenti.eEx.PW91/A.NameofaccusedMokhamSinghismentioned
atserialno.89inthesaidlistasdriveroftruckno.URU1493.Theclaim
of prosecution is challenged by the defense counsel on two accounts,
firstlythatthetruckno.URU1493wasnotinvolvedintheincidentand
secondlythataccusedMokamSinghwasnotdrivingthesaidvehicleat
therelevanttime.
It is clear from the record that none of the witnesses has
identifiedaccusedMohkamSinghasdriveroftheconcernedtruckoras
one of the culprits. So far as involvement of truck no. URU1493 is
concerned,ithasalreadybeendiscussedandobservedinthepreceding
paragraphsthatthereisnoreliableandconclusiveevidencetoshowthe
involvement of said truck in the incident. So far as the question of
accused Mohkam Singh being the driver of truck no. URU1493 is
concerned, it cannot be disputed that his name is mentioned in
Ex.PW91/Aasdriverofsaidtruckbutatthesametimethetestimonyof
PW70 Ram Chand Giri is also to be taken into consideration. Said
witness has produced the running register of truck no. URU1493 and
proved the relevant entries vide Ex.PW70/A. Name of the driver or
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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accusedMohkamSinghisnowherementionedintherunningregisterof
thetruckandasperfactsdeposedbyPW70inhisexaminationinchief,
in the year1987 Istkar Ahmed was thedriver whohad taken thesaid
vehicle to Meerut, some altercation took place between the driver and
SepoysofPACandtheQuartermasterSh.SukhbirSinghSirohireturned
thevehiclealongwithdriverandaskedforanothervehicleandthereafter
MohkamSinghhadtakenthesaidvehicle.ThefactsdeposedbyPW70
areinsomecontradictionswiththefactsdeposedbyPW91. Ithasno
wherebeenclarifiedastohownameofMohkamSinghhascomeinthe
listEx.PW91/AifIstkarAhmedwasthedriverintheyear1987asstated
byPW70. Thereisnorecordtoshowunderwhat circumstances,the
driver was changed and the concerned person namely S.S. Sirohi
mentionedinthestatementofPW70hasnotbeenexaminedtoclarifythe
circumstances.Inabsenceofanycorroborativeevidencethecontentsof
Ex.PW91/Acannotbetakenasgospeltruthandthesaiddocumentcannot
be made basis to connect the accused Mohkam Singh with incident in
question.ThereisnoconclusiveevidencetoshowthataccusedMohkam
Singhwasthedriverofconcernedtruckorotherwisepresentinthesaid
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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truckatthetimeofcommissionofoffence.
Ld.Counselforvictimhasalsoreferredtothetestimonyof
DW1 Gulesh Ali and submitted that although, said witness has been
examinedbytheaccusedpersons,histestimonystrengthensthecaseof
theprosecution.Ontheotherhand,ld.Defensecounselshavesubmitted
thattestimonyofDW1favoursthefouraccusedpersonswhohavecalled
him,tosomeextentbutthesameisnotatallhelpfultotheprosecution.If
testimonyofDW1GuleshAliisconsideredinlightofsubmissionsmade
inthisregard,itisfoundthatthefactsdeposedbythiswitnessarevery
generalinnatureandthesamedonotestablishanyfactatallonrecord.
Histestimonyisnothelpfuleithertoanyoftheaccusedpersonsortothe
prosecutionforwantofspecification.

17.7

Evidencetoshowinvolvementofotheraccusedpersons.
ApartfromdocumentEx.PW91/A,virtuallythereisnoother

evidence direct of indirect against the remaining accused persons to


connectthemwiththeallegedincident.TherelevanceofEx.PW91/Ais
beingdiscussedincomingparagraphs.
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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Conclusionsonfactsinissueno.8,9,10&11.
17.8

From the material available on record the identity of the

actualculpritshasnotbeenestablishedandthematerialisnotsufficientto
connecttheaccusedpersonsfacingtrialwiththeallegedoffence.Noneof
the witnesses have identified anyone of the accused as actual culprit.
Apartfromabsenceofdirectevidenceagainst theaccusedpersons,the
circumstantialevidenceproducedbyprosecutionisalsonotsufficientto
establish their identity as culprit. Asperthe documents attached with
chargesheet, though not proved by prosecution as per law, various
companiesof41st BattalionweredeployedinthecityofMeerutonand
aroundthedateofincidentandthesedocumentssuggestthattherewere
about 30 (thirty) companies and two platoons of PAC,deployed there,
makingthenumberoftotalPACpersonnelspostedinMeerut,inseveral
hundreds.Itisnotclearfromtherecordastoonwhatbasisthenamesof
theaccusedpersonshavebeenshortlisted. NameofSubedarSurender
PalSinghhascomeonrecordasPlatoonCommanderbutthereisnoother
documentorevidencetoclarifythebasisforincludingtheotheraccused
persons in the present case. Accused Surender Pal Singh has already
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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expiredandasperlistEx.PW91/Atherearenamesof89officialsof'C'
Companyof41st BattalionofPACinthesame. Itisnotclearastoon
whatbasisnamesofpresent19accusedpersonshavebeenselectedfor
prosecution. Accused persons were arrested after several years of the
incidentbutthebasisforsucharresthasnotbeenexplainedduringtrial.
Therearenodisclosurestatementsorrecoverieseffectedfromanyofthe
accusedpersons.Noweaponofoffencehasbeenconnectedwithanyof
theaccusedpersons.Norecordofarmsandammunitionhasbeenproved
during trial despite the fact that the accused persons are members of
armedforcewhereeachandeveryarmsandammunitionisissuedagainst
record. Norecordquaexactplaceofpostingofdifferentcompaniesof
41st Battalion PAC including the 'C' Company has been brought on
record or proved as per law. Further, no witness from army or local
police,whowerepresentandparticipatinginthesearchoperationwith
PAC,havebeenexaminedtoexplainthecircumstances/truefacts.There
isnoevidencethatanyoftheaccusedpersonswereactuallypresentinor
Inchargeofthetruckinquestion.Thereisnoreliableevidenceexceptthe
above mentioned few unproved circumstances, against the accused
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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personswhoarefacingtrial.
Iftheentireevidenceledbyprosecutiononabovementioned
fourfactinissuei.e8,9,10&11isweighedinlightofabovediscussion,
it is found that it has not been proved to any extent that truck no.
URU1493pertainingto41stBattalionPACwasthetruckwhichwasused
intheincident. Furtheritisalsonotestablishedthatthesaidtruckhad
comefromPilokhadiChowkiandwasbeingdrivenbyaccusedMokham
Singh.ThecircumstancesrelatingtotreatmentofaccusedLeeladharare
alsonotconclusivetoconnecthimwiththeoffence.Itisnotestablished
beyond doubts that the accused persons facing trial were the PAC
officials,whoactuallycommittedtheoffence.

18

Finaldiscussion
Since there is lack of direct evidence against the accused

persons, the case in hand has virtually converted into a case of


circumstantialevidenceagainsttheaccusedpersonsfacingtrialdespitethe
factthatthereareseveraleyewitnessestothewholeincident.Mostofthe
basicfactsexcepttheidentityoftheculpritshavebeendulyprovedand
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established on record as discussed above but the evidence required to


connecttheaccusedpersonswiththecrimeisactuallymissing.
In Sharad Birdhichand Sarda vs. State of Maharastra,
AIR1984SC1622,whiledealingwithacaserelatingtocircumstantial
evidence,theHon'bleSupremeCourthaslaiddownfollowingconditions
precedentbeforeconvictioncouldbebasedoncircumstantialevidence:
Firstly, thecircumstancesfromwhichthe
conclusionofguiltistobedrawnshouldbefully
established. Thecircumstancesconcernedmust
orshouldandnotmaybeestablished;
Secondly, the facts so established should
beconsistentonlywiththehypothesisoftheguilt
oftheaccused,thatistosay,theyshouldnotbe
explainableonanyotherhypothesisexceptthat
theaccusedisguilty;
Thirdly, thecircumstancesshouldbeofa
conclusivenatureandtendency;

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Fourthly, they should exclude every


possiblehypothesisexcepttheonetobeproved;
and
lastly,theremustbeachainofevidenceso
completeasnottoleaveanyreasonableground
fortheconclusionconsistentwiththeinnocence
oftheaccusedandmustshowthatinallhuman
probabilitiestheactmusthavebeendonebythe
accused.
Ithasbeenarguedonbehalfofthestateaswellasvictims
thatthevictimsweresubjectedtobrutal,unconscionableandunprovoked
violence by the accused persons who belonged to C Company of 41 st
BattalionPACpostedinMeerutandthereforeitisacaseforcustodial
tortureand deaths. Furtherthat therulespertaining toappreciation of
evidenceinsuchlikecasesisdifferentfromtherulesofappreciationof
evidenceinothercriminalcases.Inthisregard,referencehasbeenmade
tothejudgmentsofHon'bleSupremeCourtin MunsiSinghGautam&

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Orsvs.StateofM.P,2005(9)SCC631 whereinithasbeenobserved
thatincasesofpolicetortureorcustodialdeathdirectocularevidenceof
thecomplicity ofthepolicepersonnels israrelyavailableandthat this
realty must be taken into accounts by the court when appreciating the
evidenceandthatthecourtsarerequiredtohaveachangeintheiroutlook
approach, appreciation and attitude, particularly in cases involving
custodial crimes and they should exhibit more sensitivity and adopt a
realisticratherthananarrowtechnicalapproachwhiledealingwiththe
casesofcustodialcrimesothatasfaraspossiblewithintheirpowers,the
truthisfoundandguiltyshouldnotescapesothatthevictimofthecrime
hasthesatisfactionthatultimatelythemajestyoflawhasprevailed.
Theld.CounselhasalsorelieduponthejudgmentsofHon'ble
SupremeCourtinStateofM.Pvs.ShyamSunderTrivedi(1995)4SCC
262 wherein it has been observed that generally speaking it would be
policeofficialsalonewhocanonlyexplainthecircumstancesinwhicha
personintheircustodyhaddied.Furtherthatboundastheyarebytheties
of brotherhood, it is not unknown that the police personnels prefer to
remainsilentandmoreoftenthannotevenpervertthetruthtosavetheir
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colleagues.Furtherthattheexaggeratedadherencetoandinsistenceupon
the establishment of proof beyond every reasonable doubts, by the
prosecution, ignoring the ground realties the fact situations and the
peculiar circumstances of a given case often result in miscarriage of
justiceandmakethejusticedeliverysystemasuspect.
Theld.CounselhasalsorelieduponRaghubirSinghvs.State
ofHaryana(1980)3SCC80,DalipSinghvs.StateofHaryana(1993)3
Suppl.SCC336andStateofU.Pvs.RamSagarYadav(1986)1SCC552
onthisaspect.
On the other hand, ld. Defense counsels have rebutted the
argumentsoftheld.Spl.PPandld.Counselforvictimsanditissubmitted
thatthejudgmentsrelieduponbyld.Spl.PPandld.Counselforvictims
arenotapplicableinthefactsofthepresentcaseasitisacaseofactually
noevidenceagainsttheaccusedpersons.
Ifthefactsofthepresent caseareanalyzedinlight ofthe
judgments relating to appreciation of evidence in custodial torture and
death cases, relied upon by Ld.Spl. PP andld. Counsel forvictims it
becomesclearthatthesaidjudgmentsarepracticallyapplicablequasome
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ofthefactsandcircumstancesandnotquatheremaining.Thebenefitof
theprincipalofliberalinterpretationaslaiddownintheabovementioned
judgments has been given to prosecution on the issue of the alleged
contradictions/improvements in the statement of the eyewitnesses in
respect of facts no. 1 to 6 mentioned above relating to search, arrest,
abductionandkillingofthepersonsbelongingtoMohallaHashimpuraby
theofficialsofPAC.Benefitofliberalinterpretationhasalsobeengiven
tosomeextentontheissueofidentityofinjured/deadpersons/victimsand
causeofdeathunderfactinissueno.7asmentionedabove.Butinmy
opinion,suchliberalinterpretationcannotbeextendedonremainingfacts
i.efactsrelatingtoidentityofweaponofoffence(issueno7),identityof
truckbyitsregistrationnumberandidentityoftheaccusedpersons(issues
no.8to11).Infact,thesaidjudgments,withoutdisputingtheimportance
oftherulelaiddowntherein,arefoundtobedistinguishableonfactson
some material aspects. In those cases the identity of the
accused/culprit/responsibleofficialswasnotindisputeandonlythefacts
andtheevidenceregardingingredientsofoffencewereinquestion. On
the other hand, in the case in hand, the basic facts and ingredients of
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offences are established but the identity of culprits is in question. It


cannotbeforgottenthatthecaseinhandisnotasmallcasehavingminor
punishment.Thepunishmentprescribedfortheallegedoffenceisnotless
than life imprisonment or death penalty and in that eventuality the
conviction cannot be based on weak evidence by ignoring the basic
principals of appreciation of evidence simply because the case is of
custodialdeaths.
It is also argued on behalf of the victims that once it is
established that the accused persons had abducted the victims from
MohallaHashimpura,theburdenofprovingastowhathappenedtothose
abductedmen,shiftstoaccusedpersonsbyvirtueofstatutoryrequirement
u/s106 oftheIndian EvidenceActasthesaidfactsarewithinspecial
knowledge of accused alone but they have not led any evidence to
disprovetheallegationsagainstthem.Inthisregard,areferenceismade
tothejudgmentsofHon'bleSupremein StateofWestBengalvs.Mir
Mohd. Omar &Ors. (2000) 8 SCC382 and Stateof Rajasthan vs.
KansiRam(2006)12SCC254.Theabovecontentionmadeonbehalfof
victimsisnotfoundtobeforcefulasthereisnoevidencetoshowthatthe
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abductedpersonswereincustody/controloftheaccusedpersonsfacing
trialandthereforetheredoesnotariseanyquestionofshiftingofburden
ofproofontheaccusedpersons.
Similarly, it isalsoarguedthat thisisacasewherepolice
officersinvestigatedtheculpableactofviolenceoffellowpoliceofficers
and it comes as no surprise that linked as they are by virtue of their
professional and personal ties, the investigating agency conducted a
shoddyinvestigation. Furtherthatsuchshoddyinvestigationcannotbe
usedtobenefittheaccused,particularly,sincethecrimeinquestionwas
committedbythoseentrustedwiththetaskofprotectingcitizens.Inthis
regard,relianceisplaceduponthejudgmentsofHon'bleSupremeCourt
inGajoovs.StateofUttrakhand(2012)9SCC532andDayalSingh&
Ors.vs.StateofUttranchal(2012)8SCC263.Aftercarefulperusalof
record, the present contention is found to be not of much help to the
victimsasthedefectsintheinvestigationareofsuchanaturewhichgoto
theveryrootoftheprosecutioncaseandifignoredthesamecancausea
seriousprejudicetotheaccusedpersonsandsuchignorancemayresult
intomiscarriageofjustice.
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Itiswellsettledlawthatfoulerthecrimeis,theclearerand
plainer ought the proof to be. In a case based on circumstantial
evidence,thecourthastobeonitsguardtoavoidthedangerofallowing
suspiciontotaketheplaceoflegalproofandhastobewatchfultoavoid
the danger of being swayed by emotional considerations, howsoever
strongtheymaybe,totaketheplaceofproof.(ref.BalwinderSinghvs.
StateofPunjabinAIR1996SC607).
SimilarlyinHanumantvs.StateofM.P1953CrLJ129the
Hon'bleSupremeCourthasobservedthatindealingwithcircumstantial
evidence, rules specially applicable to such evidence must be kept in
mind. In such cases, there is always the danger that conjecture or
suspicion maytaketheplaceoflegalproof. Itisalsoobservedinthe
samejudgmentthattheremustbeachainofevidencesocompleteasnot
to leave any reasonable grounds for a conclusion consistent with the
innocenceoftheaccusedanditmustbesuchastoshowthatwithinall
humanprobabilitiestheactmusthavebeendonebytheaccused.
On the basis of discussions under different facts in issue

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fromserialno.1to11mentionedabove,ithastobeconcludedthatithas
beendulyprovedandestablishedonrecordthatseveralhundredpersons
belonging to different Mohallas of Meerut city were apprehended or
arrested by PAC and other forces from Mohalla Hashimpura on
22.05.1987 out of which about 4045 persons belonging to Mohalla
Hashimpura wereabducted in ayellow colour PAC truck by the PAC
officials.Itisalsoprovedthatthoseabductedpersonsweresubsequently
shot at and thrown into the waters of Gang Nahar Murad Nagar and
Hindon River Ghaziabad. It is further established that some of them
survived,someexpiredandsomearestillmissing. Butithasnotbeen
provedbeyondreasonabledoubtsthattheaccusedpersonsfacingtrialare
the PAC officials who abducted and killed the people from Mohalla
HashimpuraorthattheregistrationnumberofthetruckwasURU1493
belongingto41stBattalionPAC.
All the circumstances relied upon by the prosecution to
connectthetruckno.URU1493andtheaccusedpersonsarecapableof
raisingsomesuspicionbutthesamehavenotbeenprovedconclusively
beyond reasonable doubts. Thestatements ofthewitnesses relating to
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identityofthetruckbeingwithregistrationno.URU1493andidentityof
the accused persons arenon conclusive and do not inspire confidence.
Virtually,thereisnoclinchingevidenceonrecordwithoutinfirmitieson
the circumstance relating to identity of the truck and accused persons.
The accused persons can not be convicted on the basis of scanty,
unreliableandfaultyinvestigationwhichhasgapsandholes.Notasingle
circumstance relied upon by the prosecution inspire confidence to
establishtheguiltoftheaccusedpersons.
In view of above discussion, I am of the view that the
evidenceadducedbytheprosecutionisnotsufficienttorecordtheguilt
fortheoffencestheaccusedpersonshavebeenchargedwith. Various
incriminating circumstances relied upon by the prosecution are not
sufficienttodrawaninferenceofguiltofaccusedpersonsandthechainof
circumstances has not been cogently or firmly established and the
circumstanceshavenodefinitetendencytounerringlypointtowardthe
guiltoftheaccused.
It is very painful to observe that several innocent persons
havebeentraumatizedandtheirliveshavebeentakenbytheStateagency
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buttheinvestigatingagencyaswellastheprosecutionhavefailedtobring
onrecordthereliablematerialtoestablishtheidentityofculprits. The
accusedpersonsfacingtrialareentitledtobenefitofdoubtsexistinginthe
caseofprosecution.
Hence,inthesecircumstances,alltheaccusedpersonsnamely
SureshChandSharma,NiranjanLal,KamalSingh,RambirSingh,Sami
Ullah,MaheshPrasad,JaipalSingh,RamDhyam,SarwanKumar,Leela
Dhar, Hambir Singh, Kunwar Pal Singh,Budha Singh, Budhi Singh,
MohkamSinghandBasantVallabhareacquittedofallthechargesframed
againstthem.Allaccusedpersonsareonbailinthiscase,theirbailbonds
willremaininforceforaperiodofsixmonthsintermsofsection437A
Cr.P.C.Casepropertyifanybereleasedtoitsrightfulowners.Original
documents, if any be released in favour of rightful owner after
cancellationofendorsement,ifany.
FilebeconsignedtoRecordRoom.

ANNOUNCEDINTHEOPENCOURT
(SANJAYJINDAL)
st
TODAYi.e.ON21 March2015
ASJ:04:WEST:THC:DELHI
21.03.2015
Statevs.Surenderpal&Ors.

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