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# AMBIENT

CONDITIONS
Humidity
Air Temperature
Substrate Temperature

## Parameters influencing the corrosion speed.

Atmospheric corrosion

Humidity
Temperature
Concentration of salts
Amount of air pollution,
including acid rain, soot and dust particles

## Atmospheric corrosion rate depends on

humidity
Corrosion rate

20

40

60

80

100

Relative Humidity, %
Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Atmospheric conditions.
Requirement during blasting and painting

## Surface temperature of the

structure must be minimum
3 C above the dew point
of the surrounding atmosphere

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

ISO 8502 - 4
Estimating probability of condensation
Cold liquid inside hull and warm air outside causes
condensation
See how frames inside keeps the cold longer

B-24/2-4
4847-693

## Why Temperature & Humidity are

important
Condensation follows the contours
of the double-bottom tank

Frozen overnight
condensation, follows
the frames of the ship

## Main rule for pre-treatment

and paint application:
Temperature of substrate should
be at a temperature of
min. 3oC
above dew point of the air in the
vicinity

## Measuring ambient conditions

Electronic multi-function gauge
Electronic humidity gauge
Sling Psychrometer (Sling
Hygrometer, Dry and Wet bulb)
(Hair hygrometer, not suitable!)
Dew point calculator
Steel thermometer

## Electronic humidity gauge

Needs frequent
calibration.
Dependent on
batteries
Multi-function
models will measure
air temperature,
surface temperature,
relative humidity,
and calculate dew
point and T (*)
* difference between dew point and
surface temperature)

( )

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Sling Psycrometer
A dry and a wet thermometer put together in
one unit.
The difference in the measured temperatures
indicate the amount of humidity:
Large difference = low RH%
Small or none = high RH%

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

ISO 8502-4
Measuring the relative humidity
Photo: Sling
Psychrometer for
measuring:
- Dry temperature
- Wet temperature
Measure the
temperature in the
vicinity.
Calculate the relative
humidity
Use together with dew
point calculator

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Cd-4932-88

ISO 8502-4
Dew point calculator
For calculation of dew
point
To be used together with
surface temperature
thermometer and sling
psychrometer.
Use this frequently during
pre-treatment, application
and drying of the paint.
Recommendation: Every 6
hours and when weather
conditions are changing

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Cd-4932-89

ISO 8502 - 4
Humidity
Guidance on the estimation of the probability
of condensation prior to paint application
1.
2.
3.
4.

Air temperature
% Relative humidity
Steel temperature
Dew point

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Contact thermometer
Electronic instrument for measuring the steel
temperature
Other types of thermometers are also available. E.g.
magnetic thermometers

## Ambient conditions, general

Painting should not be started when:
The relative humidity exceeds 85% (unless
the paint manufacturer consider it safe)
The substrate temperature is less than 3o
C above the dew point

## Dehumidifier, reduces the actual humidity

in the surroundings
Heather, heat the objects (surfaces) prior
to application in order to reduce the
danger for condensation.
Forced ventilation is a must in order to
secure a proper evaporation of the
solvents from the paint film.

## Ambient Temperature and Steel Temperature

Is the temperature important ? YES !
Ambient
temperature will
influence:
shelf life (storage)
potlife (two-pack
paints: time between
mixing and no longer
useable)
induction time (prereaction before
application)
viscosity/sprayability

Steel Temperature

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Steel temperature
will affect:
probability for
condensation
solvent evaporation
speed of cure (drying
time)
degree of cure
recoating interval
service life of the
coating

Solvent vapours
are heavier
than air

## Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Suction from
lowest points
in enclosed areas

Using an inlet fan

Air flow
Solvent vapour

Air flow
Solvent vapour

## Inlet fan, air through pipe

Solvent
vapours
Nguyen Cong Thuan/JPS DNV Vinashin Training/ 2007

Air in

Air out

## Control of relative humidity

and temperature
Check the atmospheric
conditions before the
work starts
If required: Install
proper ventilation
Check the atmospheric
conditions while the
work is ongoing and
during drying / curing

## Temperature and humidity

of air used for drying.

## Supply of heated air immediately after application

may lead to skin drying and entrapped solvents
Cold air will keep the film open longer and ensure
proper evaporation
Avoid high air temperature (especially epoxy)
High humidity will slow down the drying time
Exhaust from heating equipment using propane or
paraffin oil contain water and Carbon dioxide and
may create Amine sweating

## Blisters inside a tank due to poor ventilation.

Entrapped solvents
Blisters sometime
contain water
Rust will not be formed
inside intact blisters, due
to the high pH
As soon as the blisters
break corrosion will start
Use cathodic protection
to back up the paint
system.

Cd-4934-68