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STD.ASME B16.

20A-ENGL

2DDD .. D75967D D617676 T37 ..

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

ASME B16.20a-2000
ADDENDA
to
ASME 816.20-1998
METALLIC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES
Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


Three Park Avenue

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

New York, NY 10016

STD.ASME

81620A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617677

973 ..

Date of Issuance: July 21, 2000

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assur e that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
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or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake 10 insure anyone
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No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Machanical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

Copyright 2000 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
AII Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

81b.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

061767&

&OT ..

ASME 816.20a-2000

Following approval by the ASME B 16 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B 16.20a2000 was approved by the American National Standards lnstitute on May 3, 2000.
Addenda to the 1998 edition of ASME 816.20 are issued in the form of replacement pages, Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directIy into the affected pages, Jt is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all rep1aced pages be retained for referenee.

SUMMARV OF CHANGES
This is the first Addenda 10 be published lo ASME B 16.20-1998.
Replaee or insert the pages listed, Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, (a),
plaeed next lo the affected area, The pages not listed are the reverse sides of the listed pages and eontain
no changes.
Page

Location

Change

Committee Roster

Updated to reflect Addenda

xi

Contents

Updated to reflect Addenda

2,2.1

Paragraph 3.2.5

Revised

21

Table 12

Notes (1) and (3) revised

23

Table 14

General Note (e) and Notes (1) and (2)


revised

24

Table 15

(1) Title revised


(2) General Notes added

28

Table 19

Revised

35

Mandatory Annex 1

Revised

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

STD.ASME

816.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617679

746 ..

ASME B16 COMMITTEE


Standardization of Valves, Flanges, Fittings, Gaskets,
and Valve Actuators
(The following

is the roster of the Committee at the time of approval of this Standard.l

OFFICERS
W. N. Melean, Chair
H. R. Sonderegger, Vice Chair
P. A. Reddington, Secretary

COMMITTEE PERSONNEL
W. L. Ballis, Consultant, London, Ohio
R. W. Barnes, Anric Enterprises, Etobicoke, Ontario, Cariada
R. R. Brodin, Fisher Controls International, lnc.. Marshalltown, lowa
M. A. Clark, Nibco, Inc., Elkhart, Indiana
A. Cohen, A. Cohen and Associates, Albuquerque, New Mexico
C. E. Floren, Mueller Co., Decatur, IIlinois
D. R. Frikken, Solutia, Inc., St. louis, Missouri
R. Henrich, Minnegasco, Inc., Golden Valley, Minnesota
J. C. lnch, Mueller Refrigeration Products Co., Hartsville, Tennessee
G. A. Jolly, Vogt Valve Co., Louisville, Kentucky
W. G. Knecht, BW/IP International, Inc., Williamsport, Pennsylvania
R. Koester, The William Powell CO., Cincinnati, Ohio
W. N. Melean, Newco Valves. Palos Park, IIlinois
M. L. Nayyar, Bechtel Power Corp., Gaithersburg, Maryland
P. A. Reddington, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, New York
R. A. Schmidt, Trinity-Ladish Co., Russellville, Arkansas
H. R. Sonderegger, Grinnell Corp., Cranston, Rhode Island
W. M. Stephan, Flexitallic, Inc., Mount Laurel, New jersey
T. F. Stroud, Ductile Iron Pipe Research Association, Birmingham, Alabama
M. D. Wasicek, ABS Americas, Houston, Texas
R. E. White, Richard E. White and Associates, South Bend, Indiana
D. A. Williams, Southern Company Services, Birmingham, Alabarna
L. A. WiIIis, The Dow Chemical Co., Freeport, Texas
W. R. Worley, Union Carbide Corp., South Charleston, West Virginia

SUBCOMMITTEE G -

GASKETS FOR FLANGED JOINTS

W. M. Stephan, Cheir, Flexitallic, lnc., Mount Laurel, New jersey


C. B. Gillis, Vice Ctieir, Lamons Gasket Co., Houston, Texas
M. R. Argenziano, Secretery, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, New York
K. A. Benton, Leader Gasket. Inc.. Houston. Texas
W. E. Holden, Solutia, Inc., Alvin, Texas
D. H. Monroe, Consultant, Birmingham, Alabama
R. T. Mueller, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co., Florham Park, New jersey
D. F. Reid, Garlock Metallic Gasket Division, Houston, Texas
J. Tzeng, Ucar Carbon Co., Inc., Parma, Ohio
W. R. Worley, Union Carbide Corp., South Charleston, West Virginia

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

(a)

STD.ASME

81b.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617680

468 ..

CONTENTS

(al

Foreword
"
, .. ,
,
,
,
, .. ,
,
,..................
Committee Roster
,
,...........................
Correspondence With the B 16 Committee
,
,
'
Important Information Conceming Use of Asbestos or Altemative Materials
,
,
1 Scope.,

2 Ring-Joint Gaskets
3 Spiral-Wound

iii
v
vii
ix

Gaskets

4 Jacketed Gaskets

Tables
1 Maximum Hardness for Ring Gaskets
2 Ring Gasket Markings
3 Type R Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
4 Pipe Sizes for Type R Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards
5 Type RX Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
6 Pipe Sizes for Type RX Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards .,..............
7 Type BX Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
8 Pipe Sizes for Type 8X Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards
9 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME 816.5 F1anges
10 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME 816.47 Series A Flanges
11 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME 816.47 Series B Flanges
12 Inner-Ring Inside Diameters for Spiral- Wound Gaskets
13 Inner-Ring Inside Diameters for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used Between ASME
B16.47 Series A Flanges
14 Inner-Ring lnside Diameters for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used 8etween ASME
B 16.47 Series B Flanges
15 Minimum Pipe Wall Thickness Suitable for Use of Spiral-Wound Gaskets With
Inner Rings for ASME 816.5 Flanges
16 Maximum Bore of ASME B16.5 Flanges for Use With Spiral-Wound Gaskets
17 Maximum Bore of ASME 816.47 Series A F1anges for Use With
Spiral-Wound Gaskets
18 Maximurn Bore of ASME 816.47 Series B Flanges for Use With
Spiral-Wound Gaskets
19 Color Coding and Abbreviations for Spiral- Wound Gasket Materials
20 Example Markings for Spiral-Wound Gaskets
21 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions for ASME 816.5 Flanges
22 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions for ASME 816.47 Series A Flanges
23 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions fOf ASME 816.47 Series B Flanges
24 Abbreviations for Identifying Materials for Jacketed Gaskets
25 Example Markings for Jacketed Gaskets
XI

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

.
2
4
7
lO
12
13
14
16
18
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
33

STD.ASME

B16.2DA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617681

3T4 ..

Mandatory Annex
1

References

Nonmandatory

35

Annex

A Quality System Program

37

XII

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20A-ENGL

2000

.. 07S9670

06176&2

230 ..

ASME 816.20a-2000

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES


Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed

1 SCOPE

TABLE 1 MAXIMUM HARDNESS FOR


RING GASKETS

1.1 General
This

Maximum Hardness

Standard

covers

materials,

dimensions,

toler-

ances, and markings for metal ring-joint gaskets, spiralwound metal gaskets, metal-jacketed gaskets, and filler
material. These gaskets are dimensionally
suitable for
use with flanges described in reference flange standards
ASME B 16.5, ASME B 16.47, and API Specification
6A. This Standard covers spiral-wound
metal gaskets
and rnetal-jacketed gaskets for use with raised-face and
flat-face flanges.

1.2

Quality

Systems

Requirements relating lo the product


quality system programs are described

1.3

manufacturers'
in Annex A.

References

Standard s and specifications adopted by reference in


this Standard are shown in Annex 1, which is part of
this Standard.

2 RING-JOINT GASKETS

2.1

Types

Ring-joint gaskets
in cross section.
2.2

shall be either octagonal

or oval

Size

Ring-joint gaskets shall be identified by an R, RX,


or BX number that relates to flange size (NPS), pressure
class, and the appropriate
flange standards (ASME
B 16.5, ASME B 16.47, or API Spccification 6A).

Ring Gasket Material

Brinell

Rockwell "B" Scale

Soft iron (1)


Low-carbon steel
4-6 chrome 12Mo
Type 410
Type 304
Type 316
Type 347

90
120
130
170
160
160
160

56

86
83
83
83

NOTE:
(1) May be low-carbon steel, not to exceed maximum
hardness of 90 Brinell-56 Rockwell "B."

lt is recommended that ring-joint gaskets be of a les ser


hardness than that of the mating f1anges.
2.3.2 Hardness.
Ring-joint gaskets of materials
listed in Table I shall have a hardness equal to or
less than that shown in Table l.
2.4

Marking

The outer surface of each gasket shall carry the


manufacturers
name or identification
trademark and
gasket nurnber prefixed by the letters R, RX, or BX
Iollowed by the gasket material identification. Materials
shall be identified as shown in Table 2. The gasket
shall also be marked with an ASME B 16.20 designation.
The marking shall be applied so as not to harrnfully
distort the gasket or affeet the integrity of the sea!.
2.5

Dimensons

and

T olerances

Dimensions and tolerances for ring-joint gaskets shall


be as shown in Tables 3 through 8.
2.6

2.3

68
72

Surface

Finish

Materals

2.3.1

General.
Ring-joint gasket materials, sorne
of whieh are listed in Table 1, shall be selected by
the user based on suitability for the service conditions.

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

Types R and RX gaskets shall have a finish not


rougher than 63 uin. roughness. Type BX gaskets shall
have a tinish not rougher than 32 u.in. roughness. Surface
tinishes shall pertain to the gasket-sealing
surfaces.

STD.ASME

816.2DA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

ASME B16.20a-2000

TABLE 2

177 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

RING GASKET MARKINGS

Ring Gasket Material

0617683

Identification

Soft iron 121


Low-carbon steel
4-6 chrome 'IzMo
Type410
Type 304
Type 316
Type 347

Marking Example (1I

D
S
F5 (31
S 410
S 304
S 316
S 347

R51D
R51S
R51F5
R51S410
R51S304
R51S316
R51S347

NOTES:
(11 This number shall be preceded by the manufacturer's
name 01' identification trademark.
(21 May be low-carbon
steel, not 10 exceed maximum
hardncss of 90 Brincll 56 Rockwell "B."
(3) F5 identification designates ASTM Specification A 18272 chemical composition requirements only.

2.7 Identification Number


Dimensional referenee identification numbers are as
signed lo ring-joint gaskets and are shown in Tables
3 through 8.
3 SPIRAl-WOUND GASKETS
3.1 Size and Class
Spiral-wound
gaskets, including centering ring and
inner ring (paras. 3.2.4 and 3.2.5). are identified by
flange size (NPS), pressure class, and the appropriate
flange standard (AS\1E B 16.5 or ASME B 16.47).

3.2 Dimensions and Tolerances


3.2.1 General. Dimensions and tolerances for spiral-wound gaskets, eentering rings, and inner rings shall
be in accordance with Tables 9 through 11 and as
specified in this section.
3.2.2 Construction. Spiral-wound gaskets shall be
eonstructed as altemate plics (circular layers counted
as revolutions) of preformed metal windings and plaint
fillers that are spirally wound. For the finished gasket,
the filler shall be essentially flush with, but not below,
the metal winding on both coruact laces 01' thc gasket.
The metal strip in the winding shall be 0.006 in. to
0.009 in. thick. The filler material thiekness shall be
detennined by the rnanufacturer.
3.2.3 Metal Joining. The inner windings shall
have a minimum of three plies of prcforrncd metal
strip without filler. The initial two plies shall be spotwelded circumfcrcntially
with a minimum of three
wclds spaced at a rnax imum distunce of 3 in. The

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

outcr windings. which shall have a mnimum of three


plies of preformed metal without filler. shall be spotwelded circumfcrcntially
with a minimum of three
welds, the last of which shall be the terminal weld.
The distance of the first weld from the terminal weld
shall be no greater than 1.5 in. Up to four additional
loose preformed metal windings beyond the terminal
wcld may be uscd lo retain thc gaskct into the centering ringo
3.2.4 Centering Ring. AII spiral-wound gaskets
shall be furnished assernbled into a centering ringo The
eentcring ring thickncss shall be from 0.117 in. to
0.131 in. and suitably groovcd un thc insidc diameter
so as lo rctain thc gaskct.
3.2.5 Inner Ring. Inner rings shall be fumished
with all spiral-wound gaskets having PTFE (polytetrauoroethylene) filler material. It is recommended that
inner rings be speeified by thc user for flexible graphite
and othcr filler materials (if appropriate for flanges and
bore siLes used), particular! y where experience has
dcmonstrutcd inward buekling of the gaskets to be a
problem. lnner rings shall be fumished in spiral-wound
gaskets for ftanges NPS 24 and larger in Class 900,
NPS 12 and largor in Class 1500. and NPS 4 and
larger in Class 2500. Gaskets with inner rings should
be uscd only with socket welding, lapped, welding
ncck, and integral flanges.
Thc inner-ring thickness shall be frorn 0.117 in. to
0.131 in. Tables 12 through 14 show inner-ring inside
diameters that may extend a maximum of 0.06 in. into
thc tlangc borc under the worst eombination of flange
bore. eeeentrie installation, and tolerance. Reference
Tahle 15 for minimum pipe wall thickncss for use with
gaskets with inner rings. Reference Tables 16, 17, and
1~ Ior maximum allowablc borc for use with gaskets
without inner rings.
3.2.6 Gasket Compression.Spiral-wound gaskets
NPS 1/2, NPS \, and NPS I in Classes 150. 300, and
600 shall be designed so that a uniform bolt stress of
25.000 psi, bascd on the nominal bolt root diameter,
will cornpress the gasket to a thickness of 0.130 in.
O.OOS in. AII other gasket sizes and classes shall be
designed so that a uniform bolt stress of 30.000 psi
will cornpress the gasket to a thickness 01' 0.130 in.
O.OOS in.
3.3 Materials
Metal windings and filler material s shall be in accordance with Tuble 19. The inner ring shall he of a material

(a)

STD.ASME

B16.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617684

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME B16.20a-2000

that has corrosion resistant characteristics equivalent to


or better than that of the metal winding. The centering
ring may be carbon steel that is painted, metal plated,
or otherwise coated to inhibir atmospheric corrosion.

2.1

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

003 ..

STD.ASNE

Bl.b.20A-ENGL

2000

[)759b70 Ob1.7b85 TlfT _

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 12
Flange
Size
(NPSI

ASME 816.20a-2000

la)

INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR


SPIRAL-WOUND GASKETS
Pressure Class

150

300

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.31
1.63

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.31
1.63

3
4
5

2.19
2.62
3.19
4.19
5.19

2.19
2.62
3.19
4.19
5.19

4.04
5.05

2.19
2.62
3.10
4.04
5.05

3.10
4.04
5.05

2.06
2.50
3.10
3.85
4.90

2.06
2.50
3.10
3.85
4.90

6
8
10
12
14

6.19
8.50
10.56
12.50
13.75

6.19
8.50
10.56
12.50
13.75

6.10
8.10
10.05
12.10
13.50

6.10
8.10
10.05
12.10
13.50

6.10
7.75
9.69
11.50
12.63

5.80
7.75
9.69
11.50
12.63

5.80
7.75
9.69
11.50

16
18
20
24

15.75
17.69
19.69
23.75

15.75
17.69
19.69
23.75

15.35
17.25
19.25
23.25

15.35
17.25
19.25
23.25

14.75
16.75
19.00
23.25

14.50
16.75
18.75
22.75

%
%
1
1%
1V2
2

2'/2

400 (11

900 11,21

600

1500 (2, 31

2500 (1-31

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) The inner-ring thickness shall be 0.117 in. to 0.131 in.
(b) For sizes NPS 1V4 through NPS 3, the inside diameter tolerance is 0.03 in.; for larger sizes
tha insida diameter tolerance is 0.06 in. See Table 15 for minimum pipe wall thieknesses
that are suitable tor use with standard inner rings.
NOTES:
(1) There are no
(al NPS % through NPS 3 Class 400 flanges; therefore, use Class 600 flanges
(b) NPS '/2 through NPS 2'/2 Class 900 flanges; therefore, use Class 1500 flanges
(e) NPS 14 and larger Class 2500 flanges
(2) Inner rings are required for Class 900, NPS 24 gaskets; Class 1500, NPS 12 through NPS 24
gaskets; and Class 2500, NPS 4 through NPS 12 gaskets.
(3) Reter to para. 3.2.5 for required use of inner rings.

21

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.2DA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

ASME B16.20a-2000

0617686

986 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 13 INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR SPIRAL-WOUND


GASKETS USED BETWEEN ASME B16.47 SERIES A FLANGES
Flange
Size
(NPS)

150

300

400

600

900 (1,2)

26
28
30
32
34
36

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

26.00
28.00
29.75
32.00
34.00
36.13

25.50
27.50
29.75
32.00
34.00
36.13

26.00
28.00
30.25
32.00
34.00
36.25

38
40
42
44
46
48

37.75
39.75
41.75
43.75
45.75
47.75

37.50
39.50
41.50
43.50
45.38
47.63

37.50
39.38
41.38
43.50
46.00
47.50

37.50
39.75
42.00
43.75
45.75
48.00

39.75
41.75
43.75
45.50
48.00
50.00

50
52
54
56
58
60

49.75
51.75
53.50
55.50
57.50
59.50

49.00
52.00
53.25
55.25
57.00
60.00

49.50
51.50
53.25
55.25
57.25
59.75

50.00
52.00
54.25
56.25
58.00
60.25

Pressure Class

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) The inner-ring thiekness shall be 0.117 in. lo 0.131 in.
(b) The inside diameter tolerance is :tO.12 in.
(e) These inner rings are suitable for use with pipe walls 0.38 in. or thicker.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required for Class 900 gaskets.
(2) There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.

22

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

8162CA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617687

812 ..

METALLlC GASKETSFORPIPEFLANGES

ASME 816.20a-2000

TABLE 14 INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR SPIRAl-WOUND


GASKETS USED BETWEEN ASME 816.47 SERIES 8 FLANGES

(al

Flange
Size
INPS)

150

300

400

600

900 11,21

26
28
30
32
34
36

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.63
29.63
31.50
35.38

25.38
27.00
29.63
31.25
33.50
35.50

26.25
28.25
30.75
33.00
35.25
36.25

38
40
42
44
46
48

37.75
39.75
41.75
43.75
45.75
47.75

38.25
40.25
42.75
44.25
46.38
48.50

37.50
39.38
41.38
43.50
46.00
47.50

37.50
39.75
42.00
43.75
45.75
48.00

39.75
41.75
43.75
45.50
48.00
50.00

50
52
54
56
58
60

49.75
51.75
53.75
56.00
58.19
60.44

49.88
51.88
53.75
56.25
58.44
61.31

49.50
51.50
53.25
55.25
57.25
59.75

50.00
52.00
54.25
56.25
58.00
60.25

Pressure Class

33.50

GENERALNOTES:
(a) The inner-ring thickness shall be 0.117 in. to 0.131 in.
(b) The inside diameter toleranee is :t0.12 in.
(e) These inner rings are suitable for use with pipe walls 0.375 in. or thicker.

NOTES:
(')

Inner rings are required for Class 900 gaskets. Reter to para. 3.2.5 for required
inner rings.
(2) There are no NPS 50 and larger Class 900 flanges.

23

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

use of

STD.ASME

B16.2DA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

ASME 816.20a-2000

(al

0617688

759 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 15

MINIMUM PIPE WALL THICKNESS SUITABLE FOR USE OF SPIRAL-WOUND GASKETS


WITH INNER RINGS FOR ASME B16.5 FLANGES

Flange
Size
(NPSI

Pressure Class

150

300

600

400

900

1500

2500

Schedule 80

Schedule 40

Schedule 80

8
10
12
14
16

Schedule lOS

Schedule 30

Schedule 80

18
20
24
----_-------

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) The pipe wall schedules identified represent the minimum recommended pipe wall thickness suitable for use with inner
rings for ASME 816.5 flanges. (Rcference ASME 836.10M and 836.19M.1
(b) Gaskets with inner rings should be used only with socket welding, lapped, welding neck, and integral flanges.

24

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

~TD.A~ME B16.2DA-ENGL 2DDD .. D7S967D D617689 695 ..

ASME B16.20a-2000

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 18

MAXIMUM BORE OF ASME B16.47 SERIES B FLANGES FOR


USE WITH SPIRAL-WOUND GASKETS

Flang8

Size
INPSI

Pressure Class

150

300

400

600

900 (1)

26
28
30
32

34
36
38
40

44
46
48
50
52
54
56
58
60

Welding neck and integral flanges


having maximum inside diameters
as described in ASME 816.47
(2)
(2)

(2)

(2)

12)

GENERAL NOTE: This table shows the maximum bore of flanges for which the spiral-wound
gasket dimensions shown in Table 11 are recommended, considering the tolerances involved,
the possibility of eccentric installation, and the possibility that the gasket may extend into the
assembled flange bore.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required tor Class 900 gaskets, NPS 26 through NPS 48 (see para. 3.2.5).
(2) There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.

27

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

ASME B16.20a2000

(a)

0617690

307 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 19 COLOR COOING ANO ABBREVIATIONS FOR SPIRAL-WOUNO


GASKET MATERIALS
Metallic Winding Materials
Material

Abbreviation

--_._--~-

Color Code
_._._-._-_ ..

_._~

Carbon steel
304 SS
304 L SS

CRS
304
304 L

Silver
Yellow
No color

309
310
316
317

309
310
316 L
317 L

No color
No color
Green
Maroon

347 SS
321 SS
430 SS

347
321
430

Blue
Turquoise
No color

Ni-Cu
Monel400
Grade 400

MON

Orange

Nickel200
Titanium
20Cb-3 alloy

NI
TI
A20

Red
Purple
Black

Ni-Mo
Hastelloy B
Grade B2

HAST B

Brown

Ni-Mo-Cr
Hastelloy C
Grade C-276

HAST C

Beige

Ni-Cr-Fe
Inconel600
Grade 600

INC 600

Gold

Ni-Cr-Fe-Cb
Inconel 625
Grade 625

INC 625

Gold

Ni-Cr-Fe- Ti
Inconel X-750
Grade X-750

INX

No color

Ni-Fe-Cr
Incoloy 800
Grade 800

IN 800

White

Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu
Incoloy 825
Grade 825

IN 825

White

Zirconium

ZIRC

No color

SS
SS
L SS
L SS

(continuedl

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.2DA-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617691

2~3 ..

ASME B16.20a-2000

MANDATORV ANNEX I
REFERENCES

The following is a list of publications referenced in


this Standard.

ISO 9000-1: 1994, Qualty management and quality


assurance standard s - Part 1: Guidelines for selection
and use
ISO 9000-2: 1997, Quality management and quality
assurance standards - Part 2: Generic guidelines
for the application of ISO 9001, ISO 9002, and
ISO 9003
ISO 9000-3: 1997, Quality management and quality
assurance standards - Part 3: Guidelines for the
application of ISO 9001 to the development, supply,
installation, and maintenance of computer software
ISO 900 1: 1994, Quality systems - Model for quality
assurance in design, development, production, installation, and servicing
ISO 9002: 1994, Quality systems - Model for quality
assurance in production, installation, and servicing
ISO 9003: 1994, Quality systems - Model for quality
assurance in final inspection and test
Publisher: Intemational Organization for Standardization
(ISO), 1 rue de Varemb, Case postale 56, CH-1211
Geneve 20, Switzerland/Suisse

API Specification 6A - 17th Edition - 1996, Specification for Valves and Wellhead Equipment
Publisher: American Petroleum Institute (API), 1220 L
Street, NW, Washington, OC 20005
ASME B 16.5-1996, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings 1
ASME BI6.47-1996, Large Oiameter Steel Flanges:
NPS 26 through NPS 601
ASME B36.lOM-1996, Welded and Seamless Wrought
Steel Pipe'
ASME B36.19M-1985 (RI994), Stainless Steel Pipe'
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
(ASME), Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016;
Order Oepartment: 22 Law Orive, Box 2300, Fairfield,
NJ 07007
I

May also be obtaincd from the American National Standards


Institute (ANSI). 11 West 42nd Street, New York. NY 10036.

35

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

(a)

STD.ASME

816.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617692

l8T ..

AMERICAN NATIONAl STANDARDS FOR PIPING,


PIPE FLANGES, FITTINGS, ANO VAlVES

Scheme tor the Identification of Piping Systems


_
Pipe Threads, General Purpose Ilnch)
Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch)
,
_
Cast lron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Classes 25,125, and 250 ........................................
Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings: Classes 150 and 300
Gray Iron Threaded Fittings: Classes 125 and 250
Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings (NPS % Through NPS 24)
Factorv-Mada Wrought Steel Buttwelding Fittings
Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of Valves
_
Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
_
Cast Iron Threaded Drainage Fittings
Ferrous Pipe Plugs, Bushings, and Locknuts with Pipe Threads .............................................
Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings: Classes 125 and 250
Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
Metallic Gaskets tor Pipe Flanges: Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed ...................................
Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges
_
_
_
_
__........................
Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV .................................................
Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Classes 150, 300, 400, 600, 900,1500, and 2500
Buttwelding Ends
_
Cast Copper Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper Tubes
Wrought Steel 8uttwelding Short Radius Elbows and Returns
Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV
Manually Operated Metallic Gas Valves tor Use in Gas Piping Systems up to 125 psig
(Sizes
Through 2) ...............................................................................
Valves - Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End
Orifice Flanges . _
, ................................................................
Large Melallic Valves for Gas Distribution (Manually Operated, NPS 2'/2 to 12, 125 psig Maximum)
Malleable lron Threaded Pipe Unions
Manually Operated Thermoplastic Gas Shutoffs and Valves in Gas Distribution Systems
,
Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes 150 and 300
Manually Operated Metallic Gas Val ves for Use in House Piping Systems
Cast Iron Fittings for Sovent(J!)Drainage Systems
_
Large Diameter Steel Flanges (NPS 26 Through NPS 60)
_
Steel Une Blanks
,
Factory-Made Wrought Steel Buttwelding Induction Bends for Transportation and Distribution Systems
Power Piping
_
Fuel Gas Piping (not an ANSI standard)
Process Piping
_
_
Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids
Refrigeration Piping
_
Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
Building Services Piping
Slurry Transportation Piping Systems
Manual tor Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines
Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
Stainless Steel Pipe
_
_
Self-Operated and Power-Operated Safety-Related Valves Functional Specification Standard

A13.1-1996
B1.Z0.1-1983(R1992)
B1.Z0.3-1976(R1998)
B16.1-1998
816.3-1998
816.41998
816.5-1996
816.9-1993
816.10-1992
_
B16.1'-'996
B16.12-1998
816.14-1991
BI6.15-1985(R1994)
816.18-1984(RI994)
B16.20-1998
816.21-1992
B16.22-1995
816.23-1992
BI6.24-1991(R1998)
B16.25-1997
B16.261988
816.28-1994
816.29-1994
816.33-1990
816.34-1996
816.361996
816.38-1985!R1994)
816.39-1998
816.40-1985(RI994)
BI6.42-1998
B16.44-1995
816.45-1998
_
B16.47-1996
816.48-1997
B16.49-2000
B31.1-1998
B31.2-1968
B31.3-1999
_
B31.4-1998
B31.5-1992
B31.81999
831.9-1996
831.111989
B31G1991
B36.10M1996
836.'9M-1985(R1994)
N278. 1-1975(R1992)

The ASME Publcations Catalog shows a complete list of all tne Standards published by tne Sociery. For a complimentary
catalog, or tbe latest informaran about our publicstions, call 1-800-THE-ASME (1-800-843-2763).

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20A-ENGL

2000 .. 0759670

0617693

016 ..

ASME Services
ASME is commtted to developing and delivering technical information. At ASME's Information Central, wc make
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Information Central staff are not pcrmitted to answer inquiries about the technical content of this code or standard.
Information as to whether or not technical inquiries are issued to this code or standard is shown on the copyright
page. AII technical inquiries must be submitted in writing lo the staff secretary. Additional procedures for inquiries
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Copyright by the American Society


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

or Mechanical Engineers

STD.ASME

B16.2D-ENGL.

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

1998

D759b7D

D616931

624

~-

------

STD.ASME 816.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616932 560 ..

&
~
AN

The American Society of


Mechanical Engineers

AMERICAN

NATIONAL

STANDARD

METALLIC GASKETS
FUR PIPE FLANGES
Ring-Joii, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed

ASME818.20-1090
(Revision 01ASME818.201993)

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616933

4T7 ..

Date of Issuance: April 28, 2000

The 1998 edition of this Standard is being issued with an automatic addenda
subscription service. The use of addenda allows revisions made in response
to public review comments or committee actions to be published on a regular
yearly basis; revisions published in addenda will become effective 6 months
after the Date of Issuance of the addenda. The next edition of this Standard
is scheduled for publication in 2003.
ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretations
of
technical aspects of this Standard. The interpretations will be included with
the aboye addenda service.

ASME is the registe red trademark of The American Society of Meehanical Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Standards Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review
and comment that provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-Iarge.
ASME does not "approve." "rata," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respeet to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable letters patent, nor assumes
any such liability. Users of acode or standard are expressly advised that determination of the
validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their
own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME accepts responsibility
tor only those interpretations
issued in accordance with
established ASME procedures and policies, which precludes the issuance of interpretations by
individuals.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990

Copyright 2000 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
AII Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20-ENGL

1998

D759b70

0616934

333

FOREWORD
Ring-joint gaskets and grooves probably originated in the boiler field, where they were
used in various forms for manhole covers, autoclaves, and other closures; however, it was
in the oil industry (both in the production and refining of oil) that they received the greatest
recognition and were developed into their present formo Their use expanded steadily as
temperatures and pressures were increased in steam plants. Tests examining their application
in f1anges and valves were conducted as early as 1928.
In June 1936, the American Petroleum Institute (API) issued Tentative Standard 5-G-3
on Ring-Joints for Steel Flanges and Flange Unions for use with API Tubular Goods. This
standard was known as AP! Specification 6B, Ring-Joint Flanges. Following the acceptance
of ring-joints for f1anges and valves by API and the issuance of their standard, ASA B 16e
on Steel Pipe Flanges and F1anged Fittings was revised to inelude them, and the 1939
edition included standard dimensions for a full line of ring-joint f1anges based on the API
standard. Development work continued, and API formulated Standard 6E, Specification for
Wellhead Equiprnent, which included ring-joints not covered in ASA BI6e-1939.
In 1949, the American Standards Association (ASA), Sectional Committee B 16, Subcommittee 3, Steel Flanges and Flanged Fittings, assembled the available information on ring-joint
gaskets into a single standard. ASA approval was granted on April 30, 1952, with the
designation ASA B 16.20-1952.
Ring gaskets for Class 900 (900 lb at that time) in sizes NPS 26 through 36 were added,
and ASA approval was granted on April 3D, 1952.
An updated version was submitted, and ASA approval was granted on April 4, 1955,
with the designation ASA B 16.20-1955. The standard was reviewed, and reaffirmation
approval was granted by the ASA on April 25, 1963.
The standard was reviewed, and reaffirmation approval was granted by the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI) on April 25, 1973, with the designation of an American
National Standard.
API requested that ASME convert their gasket standard, API 601. into an ASME American
National Standard. As a result of that request, this edition was expanded to inelude
requirements for spiral-wound and jacketed gaskets that were formerly Iisted in API 601,
7th edition, 1988. Also, ring-joint groove dimensions are not included in this edition because
they are included in ASMEIANSI 816.5-1988. titled Pipe Flanges and F1anged Fittings,
and ASME BI6.47-1990, titled Large Diameter Steel F1anges.
The 1993 edition was approved by the 816 Standards Committee. Following approval
by ASME, approval by ANSI was given on January 22, 1993, with the designation ASME
B 16.20-1993.
In the 1998 edition of ASME B 16.20, reference standards are updated, a quality system
program annex is added, inner ring inside diameters for spiral-wound gaskets are revised,
and several editorial revisions are made. Following approval by ASME 816 Subcommittee
8 and the 816 Main Committee, ANSI approved this American National Standard on
November 20, 1998.
Requests for interpretations or suggestions for revision should be sent to The American
Society of Meehanical Engineers; Secretary, B 16 Committee; Three Park Avenue, New
York, New York 10016-5990.

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

81b2D-ENGL

1998 .. D?59b?D

Dblb935

ASME 816 COMMITTEE


Standardization
01 Valves, Flanges, Fittings,
and Valve Actuators
(The following

271 ..

Gaskets,

is the roster of the Comminee at the time of approval of this Standard.)

OFFICERS
W. N. McLean, Chair
R. A. Schmidt, Vice Chair
P. A. Reddington, Secreterv

COMMITTEE PERSONNEL
W. L. Ballis, Consultant, London, Ohio
R. W. Barnes, Anric Enterprises, Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada
R. R. Brodin, Fisher Controls International, lnc, Marshalltown, lowa
M, A. Clark, Nibco, Inc., Ellchart, Indiana
A, Cohen, A. Cohen and Assoeiates, Albuquerque, New Mexieo
C. E. Floren, Mueller Co., Decatur, IlIinois
D. R. Frikken, Solutia, Inc., Sto Louis, Missouri
R. Henrich, Minnegasco, Ine., Golden Valley, Minnesota
J. C. Inch, Mueller Refrigeration Produets CO., Hartsville, Tennessee
G. A. JOlly, Vogt Valve Co., Louisville, Kentucky
W. G. Knecht, BW/IP International, lnc., Williamsport, Pennsylvania
R. Koester, The William Powell CO., Cincinnati, Ohio
W. N. McLean, Neweo Valves, Palos Park, lIIinois
M. L. Nayyar, Bechtel Power Corp., Gaithersburg, Maryland
P. A. Reddington, American Society of Meehanieal Engineers, New York, New York
R. A. Schmidt, Trinity-ladish Co., Russellville, Arkansas
H. R. Sonderegger, Grinnell Corp., Cranston, Rhode Island
W. M. Stephan, Flexitallie, Ine., Mount Laurel, New Jersey
T. F. Stroud, Duetile Iron Pipe Researeh Assoeiation, Birmingham, Alabama
M. D. Wasicek, ABS Amerieas, Houston, Texas
R. E. White, Richard E. White and Assoeiates, South Bend, Indiana
D. A_Williams, Southern Company Services, Birmingham, Alabama
L. A. WiIIis, The Dow Chemical Co.. Freeport. Texas
W. R. Worlev, Union Carbide Corp., South Charleston, West Virginia

SUBCOMMITTEE G -

GASKETS FOR FLANGED JOINTS

W. M. Stephan, Chair, Flexitallic, lnc., Mount laurel, New Jersey


C. B. Gillis, Vice Cha;r, Lamons Gasket Co., Houston, Texas
B. P. Feder, Secretary, American Society of Meehanical Engineers, New York, New York
K. A. Benton, Leader Gasket, lnc., Houston, Texas
W. E. Holden, Solutia, Ine., Alvin, Texas
D. H. Monroe, Consultant, Birmingham, Alabama
R. T. Mueller, ExxonMobil Researeh and Engineering Co., Florham Parle, New Jersey
D. F. Reid, Garlock Metallie Gasket Division, Houston, Texas
J. Tzeng, Ucar Carbon Co., Inc., Parma, Ohio
W. R. Worley, Union Carbide Corp., South Charleston, West Virginia

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

Ob16936

106 ..

CORRESPONDENCEWITH THE 816 COMMITTEE

General. ASME Standards are developed and maintained with the intent to represent the
eonsensus of eoneemed interests. As sueh, users of this Standard may inreract with the
Committee by requesting interpretations, proposing revisions, and attending Committee
meetings. Correspondence should be addressed to:
Secretary, BI6 Main Committee
The American Society of Meehanical Engineers
Three Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5990
Proposing Revisions. Revisions are made periodically to the Standard to incorporate
changes that appear neeessary or desirable, as demonstrated by the experience gained from
the application of the Standard. Approved revisions wi11be published periodicall y.
The Committee welcomes proposals for revisions to this Standard. Such proposals should
be as specific as possible, citing the paragraph number(s), the proposed wording, and a
detailed deseription of the reasons for the proposal, including any pertinent documentation.
/nterpretations. Upon request, the B 16 Committee will render an interpretation of any
requirement of the Standard. Interpretations can only be rendered in response to a written
request sent to the Secretary of the B 16 Main Committee.
The request for interpretation should be clear and unambiguous. It is further recommended
that the inquirer submit his/her request in the following format:
Subject:
Edition:
Question:

Cite the applicable paragraph number(s) and the topic of the inquiry.
Cite the applicable edition of the Standard for which the interpretation
is being requested.
Phrase the question as a request for an interpretation of a specific
requirement suitable for general understanding and use, not as a request
for an approval of a proprietary design or situation. The inquirer may
also include any plans or drawings, which are necessary to explain
the question; however, they should not contain proprietary names or
information.

Requests that are not in this format will be rewritten in this format by the Committee
prior to being answered, whieh may inadvertently change the intent ot the original request.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of any interpretation when or if additional
information that might affeet an interpretation is available, Further, persons aggrieved by
an interpretation may appeal to the eognizant ASME Committee or Subcommittee. ASME
does nOI "approve," "certify," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
Attending Committee Meetings. The B 16 Main Committee regularly holds rneetings, which
are open lo the public. Persons wishing to attend any meeting should contaet the Secretary
of the B 16 Main Committee.

vii

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B1b.2D-ENGL

1998

D759b7[]

[]blb937

[)42

IMPORTANT INFORMATION CONCERNING USE OF


ASBESTOS OR ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS

Asbestos is refcrenced for use as a filler material in metallic gaskets. It has served as
a universal sealing material, compatible with most fluid services. lt has been of extreme
usefulness in minimizing fire hazards.
Certain serious adverse health effects are associated with asbestos, among them the serious
and often fatal diseases of lung cancer, asbestosis, and mesothelioma (a cancer of the chest
and abdominal linings). The degree of exposure lo asbestos vares with the product and
the work practices involved,
Consult the most recent edition of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Standard for Asbestos, Tremolite,
Anthophyllite, and Actinolite, 29 Code of Federal Regulations Section 1910.1001; the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, National Emission Standard for Asbestos, 40 Code of
Federal Regulations Sections 61.140 through 61.156; and the proposed rule by the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency proposing labeling requirements and phased banning of
asbestos products, published at 51 Federal Register 3738-3759 (January 29, 1986).
There are currentIy in use and under development a number of substitute material s to
replace asbestos in certain applications. Manufacturers and users are encouraged to develop
and use effective substitute materials that can meet the specifications for, and operating
requirements of, the equipment to which they would apply.
Information conceming safety and health risks and proper precautions with respect to
particular materials and conditions should be obtained from one's employer, the manufacturer
or supplier of that material, or the Material Safety Data Sheet.

IX

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 075967D

D616938

189 ..

CONTENTS
Foreword
Committee Roster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Correspondence With the BI6 Committee
Important Information Conceming Use of Asbestos or Altemative Materials
1 Scope

2 Ring-Joint Gaskets

iii
v
vii
ix

3 Spiral-Wound Gaskets

4 Jacketed Gaskets

Tables
1 Maximum Hardness for Ring Gaskets
.
2 Ring Gasket Markings
3 Type R Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
4 Pipe Sizes for Type R Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards
5 Type RX Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
6 Pipe Sizes for Type RX Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards
7 Type BX Ring Gasket Dimensions and Tolerances
8 Pipe Sizes for Type BX Ring Gaskets Suitable for Referenced Standards
9 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME B16.5 Flanges
10 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME B16.47 Series A Flanges
11 Dimensions for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used With ASME B16.47 Series B Flanges
12 Inner-Ring Inside Diameters for Spiral-Wound Gaskets
13 Inner-Ring Inside Diameters for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used Between ASME
816.47 Series A Flanges
14 Inner-Ring Inside Diameters for Spiral-Wound Gaskets Used Between ASME
816.47 Series 8 Flanges
15 Minimum Pipe Wall Thickness Suitable for Use With Inner Rings for
ASME B 16.5 Flanges
16 Mximum Bore of ASME B16.5 Flanges for Use With Spiral-Wound Gaskets
17 Maximum Bore of ASME B 16.47 Series A Flanges for Use With
Spiral-Wound Gaskets
18 Mximum Bore of ASME B 16.47 Series B Flanges for Use With
Spiral-Wound Gaskets
19 Color Coding and Abbreviations for Spiral- Wound Gaskct Materials
20 Example Markings for Spiral-Wound Gaskets
21 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions for ASME 816.5 Flanges
22 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions for ASME B16.47 Series A Flanges
23 Jacketed Gasket Dimensions for ASME B16.47 Series B Flanges
24 Abbreviations for Identifying Materials for Jacketed Gaskets
2S Example Markings for Jacketed Gaskets
. . .. . . .. . . ... .
xi

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

2
4
7
10
12
13
14
16
18
20
21
22
23
24
2S
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
33

STD.ASME

B1b.2D-ENGL

1996 .. D759b7D

Db1b939

915 ..

Mandatory Annex
1 References

35

Nonmandatory Annex
A Quality System Program

37

xii

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME B16.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616940 637 ..

ASME 616.20-1998

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES


Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound, and Jacketed

1 SCOPE

TABLE 1

MAXIMUM HARDNESS FOR


RING GASKETS

1.1 General
This Standard covers rnaterials, dimensions, tolerances, and markings for metal ring-joint gaskets, spiralwound metal gaskets, rnetal-jacketed gaskets, and filler
material. These gaskets are dimensionally suitable for
use with flanges described in reference flange standards
ASME BI6.5, ASME BI6.47, and API Specification
6A. This Standard covers spiral-wound metal gaskets
and metal-jacketed gaskets for use with raised-face and
flat-face flanges.

1.2 Quality Systems


Requirements relating to the product manufacturers'
quality system programs are described in Annex. A.

1.3 References
Standards and specifications adopted by reference in
this Standard are shown in Annex 1, which is part of
this Standard.

2 RING-JOINT GASKETS

2.1 Types
Ring-joint gaskets shall be either octagonal or oval
in cross section.

2.2 Size
Ring-joint gaskets shall be identified by an R, RX,
or BX number that relates to ftange size (NPS), pressure
class, and the appropriate flange standards (ASME
BI6.5, ASME BI6.47, or API Specification 6A).

2.3 Materials
2.3.1 General.

Ring-joint gasket materials, sorne


of which are Iisted in Table 1, shall be selected by
the user based on suitability for the service conditions.

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

Maximum Hardness
Ring Gasket Material

Brinell

Rockwell uBw Scale

Soft iron <H


Low-carbon steel
4-6 chrome %Mo
Type 410
Type 304
Type 316
Type 347

90
120
130
170
160
160
160

56

68
72
86

83
83
83

NOTE:
(1) May be lowcarbon ste el, not to exceed maximum
hardness 0190 Srinell-56 Rockwell US.

It is recommended that ring-joint gaskets be of a lesser


hardness than that of the mating flanges.

2.3.2 Hardness. Ring-joint gaskets of materials


listed in Table 1 shall have a hardness equal to or
less than that shown in Table l.
2.4 Marking
The outer surface of each gasket shall carry the
manufacturer's name or identification trademark and
gasket number prefix.ed by the letters R, RX, or BX
followed by the gasket material identification. Materials
shall be identified as shown in Table 2. The gasket
shall also be marked with an ASME B 16.20 designation.
The marking shall be applied so as not to harrnfully
distort the gasket or affect the integrity of the sea!.
2.5 Dimensions

and Tolerances

Dimensions and tolerances for ring-joint gaskets shall


be as shown in Tables 3 through 8.

2.6 Surface

Finish

Types R and RX gaskets shall have a finish not


rougher than 63 p.in, roughness. Type BX gaskets shall
have a finish not rougher than 32 uin, roughness. Surface
finishes shall pertain lo the gasket-sealing surfaces.

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

ASME 816.20-1998

TABlE 2

METALlIC

RING GASKET MARKINGS

Ring Gasket Material


Soft iron (21
Low-carbon steel
4-6 chrome %Mo
Type 410
Type 304
Type 316
Type 347

Identific:ation

Marking Example (1)

D
S
F5 (31
S 410
S 304
S 316
S 347

R51D
R51S
R51F5
R51S410
R51S304
R51S316
R51S347

2.7 Identification

3.2.5 Inner Ring. Inner rings shall be fumished


with all spiral-wound gaskets having PTFE (polytetraftuoroethylene) filler material. It is recommended that
inner rings be specified by the user for flexible graphite
and other filler materials (if appropriate for anges and
bore sizes used), particularly where experience has
demonstrated inward buckling of the gaskets to be a
problem. Inner rings shall be furnished in spiral-wound
gaskets for f1anges NPS 24 and larger in Class 900,
NPS 12 and larger in Class 1500, and NPS 4 and
larger in Class 2500. Gaskets with inner rings should
be used only with socket welding, lapped, welding
neck, and integral f1anges.
The inner-ring thickness shall be from 0.117 in. to
0.131 in. Tables 12 through 14 show inner-ring inside
diameters that may extend a maximum of 0.06 in. into
the f1ange bore under the worst combination of f1ange
bore, eccentric installation, and tolerance.

Dimensional reference identification numbers are assigned to ring-joint gaskets and are shown in Tables
3 through 8.
GASKETS

3.1 Size and Class


Spiral-wound gaskets, including centering ring and
inner ring (paras. 3.2.4 and 3.2.5), are identified by
f1ange size (NPS), pressure c1ass, and the appropriate
f1ange standard (ASME B 16.5 or ASME B 16.47).
and Tolerances

3.2.1 General. Dimensions and tolerances for spiral-wound gaskets, centering rings, and inner rings shall
be in accordance with Tables 9 through I 1 and as
specified in this section.

3.2.6 Gasket Compression. Spiral-wound gaskets


NPS 12' NPS %, and NPS 1 in Classes 150, 300, and
600 shall be designed so that a uniform bolt stress of
25,000 psi, based on the nominal bolt root diameter,
will compress the gasket to a thickness of 0.130 in.
0.005 in. AII other gasket sizes and c1asses shall be
designed so that a uniform bolt stress of 30,000 psi
will compress the gasket to a thickness of 0.130 in.
0.005 in.

3.2.2 Construction. Spiral-wound gaskets shall be


constructed as alternate plies (circular layers counted
as revolutions) of preformed metal windings and plaint
fillers that are spirally wound. For the finished gasket,
the filler shall be essentially f1ush with, but not below,
the metal winding on both contact faces of the gasket.
The metal strip in the winding shall be 0.006 in. to
0.009 in. thick. The filler material thickness shall be
detennined by the manufacturero

3.3 Materials
Metal windings and filler materials shall be in accordance with Table 19. The inner ring shall be of a material
that has corrosion resistant characteristics equivalent to
or better than that of the metal winding. The centering
ring may be carbon steel that is painted, metal plated,
or otherwise coated to inhibit atmospheric corrosion.

3.2.3 Metal

Joining. The inner windings shall


have a minimum of three plies of preformed metal
strip without filler. The initial two plies shall be spotwelded circumferentially with a minimum of three
welds spaced at a maximum distance of 3 in. The
2

Copyrightby the AmericanSociety01 MechanicalEngineers


SunJan 30 12:30:16 2005

GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

3.2.4 Centering Ring. AII spiral-wound gaskets


shall be furnished assembled into a centering ringo The
centering ring thickness shall be from 0.117 in. to
0.131 in. and suitably grooved on the inside diameter
so as to retain the gasket.

Number

3 SPIRAL-WOUND

573 ..

outer windings, which shall have a minimum of three


plies of preformed metal without filler, shall be spotwelded circumferentially with a minimum of three
welds, the last of which shall be the terminal weld.
The distance of the first weld from the terminal weld
shall be no greater than 1.5 in. Up to four additional
loose preformed metal windings beyond the terminal
weld may be used to retain the gasket into the centering ringo

NOTES:
(11 This number shall be preceded by the manufacturer's
name or identification trademark.
(21 May be low-carbon
steel. not to exceed maximum
hardness of 90 Brinell-56
Rockwell "B."
(3) F5 identification designates ASTM Specification A 18272 chemical composition requirements only.

3.2 Dimensions

0616941

STD.ASME B16.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616942 40T ..

METALLlC GASKETS FQR PIPE FLANGES

ASME S16.20-1998

3.4 Marking

4.2 Design

3.4.1 General. The centering ring of each spiralwound gasket shall be pennanently marked. The lettering height shall be a minimum of 0.1 in. The
following infonnation shall be included with the centering ring markings:
(a) Manufacturer's name or trademark.
(b Flange size (NPS).
(e) Pressure c1ass.
(d Winding metal abbreviation (Table 19), except
that the abbreviation may be omitted when 304 stainless
steel is used.
(e) Filler material abbreviation (Table 19).
(1) Centering and inner ring metal abbreviation (Table 19), except that the abbrevation may be omitted
when carbon steel is used for the outer ring and 304
stainless steel is used for the inner ringo
(g) Flange identification. Gaskets intended for ASME
816.47 flanges shall be marked 816.47 A or 816.47
8, as applcable. Gaskets intended for ASME 816.5
flanges need not be so marked. Illustrative marking
examples are shown in Table 20.
(h) ASME 816.20 designation.

4.2.1 General. Jacketed gaskets shall be made with


a filler material enclosed in a metal jacket.

3.4.2 Pressure Class. Gaskets suitable for more


than one pressure class shall be marked with all applicable c1asses, as shown in Table 20.

4.5.1 Applied Marking. Jacketed gaskets shall be


marked with waterproof ink or equivalent. Where gasket
size does not permit such markings, a separate attached
marking tag may be used. The lettering height shall
be a minimum of 0.2 in. The following information
shall be included with the markings:
(a) Manufacturer's name or trademark.
(b) Flange size (NPS).
(e) Pressure class.
(d) Jacketed material abbreviation (Table 24), except
that the abbreviation may be omitted when soft carbon
steel is used.
(e) Filler material abbreviation (Table 24).
(f) Flange identification. Gaskets ntended for ASME
816.47 flanges shall be marked 816.47 A or 816.47
8, as applicable. Gaskets intended for ASME 816.5
flanges need not be so marked. Illustrative marking
examples are shown in Table 25.
(g) ASME 816.20 designation.

4.2.2 Jacket Thickness. The jacket metal thickness shall be a minimum of 0.015 in.
4.2.3 Filler Thickness. The filler thckness shall
be a minimum of 0.06 in.
4.2.4 Miscellaneous.
Other design details, inc1uding the density of the filler, shall be the gasket manufacturer's responsiblity.
4.3 Dimensions

Gasket dimensions and tolerances shall be in accordance with Tables 21, 22, or 23.
4.4 Materials
Metal jacket and filler material shall be selected from
Table 24. For jacketed gasket limitations related to
ASME 816.5 applications, see Annex E of ASME
816.5.
4.5 Marking

3.4.3 Color Coding. Spiral-wound gaskets shall be


marked with a color code that identifies the wndings
and filler materials. A continuous color around the
outer edge of the centering ring shall identify the
winding metal. The color identifying the filler material
for NPS 11/2 and larger shall have four intennittent
stripes spaced approximately 90 deg apart on the outer
edge of the centering ringo Smaller size gaskets shall
have a minimum of two stripes 180 deg aparto The
colors shall confonn to those listed in Table 19.

4 JACKETED GASKETS
4.1 Size and Pressure

Class

Jacketed gaskets are identified by flange size (NPS),


pressure class, and the appropriate flange standard
(AS ME 816.5 or ASME 816.47).

4.5.2 Pressure Class. Gaskets suitable for more


than one pressure class shall be marked with all applicable c1asses.

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

and Tolerances

STD.ASME B162D-ENGL 1~98 .. D759670 0616943 346 ..

METALLlCGASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME B16.20-1998

Oval

Octagonal

TABLE 3

TVPE R RING GASKET OIMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES


Height of Ring

Ring
Number

Pitch Diameter
of Ring, P

Width of Flat on
Octagonal Ring,

Radius in
Octagonal
Ring. R,

Width of
Ring, A

Oval,
B

Octagonal,

R-ll
R-12
R-13
R-14
R-15

1.344
1.563
1.688
1.750
1.875

0.250
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.313

0.44
0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56

0.38
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

0.170
0.206
0_206
0.206
0.206

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-16
R-17
R-18
R-19
R-20

2.000
2.250
2,375
2.563
2.688

0.313
0.313
0.313
0,313
0.313

0.56

0.56
0.56
0.56
0.56

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

0.206
0.206
0.206
0.206
0.206

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-21
R-22
R-23
R-24
R-25

2.844
3.250
3.250
3.750
4.000

0.438
0.313
0.438
0.438
0.313

0.69
0.56
0.69
0.69
0.56

0.63
0.50
0.63
0.63
0,50

0.305
0.206
0.305
0.305
0.206

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-26
R-27
R-28
R-29
R-30

4.000
4.250
4.375
4.500
4.625

0.438
0.438
0.500
0.313
0,438

0.69
0.69
0.75
0.56
0.69

0,63
0.63
0.69
0.50
0.63

0.305
0.305
0.341
0.206
0.305

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-31
R-32
R-33
R-34
R-35

4.875
5.000
5.188
5.188
5.375

0.438
0.500
0.313
0.438
0.438

0.69
0.75
0.56
0,69
0.69

0.63
0.69
0.50
0.63
0.63

0.305
0.341
0.206
0.305
0.305

0.06
0_06
0.06
0.06
0.06
(continued)

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B1620-ENGL

1998 .. 0759b70

Ob1b944

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 3
Ring
Number

282 ..

ASME B16.20-1998

TYPE R RING GASKET OIMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES (CONT'O)

Average
Pitch Diameter
of Ring, P

Height of Ring
Width of
Ring, A

Oval,

Radius in
Octagonal
Ring, R,

Octagonal,

Width of Flat on
Octagonal Ring,

R-36
R-37
R-38
R-39
R-40

5.875
5.875
6.188
6.375
6.750

0.313
0.438
0.625
0.438
0.313

0.56
0.69
0.88
0.69
0.56

0.50
0.63
0.81
0.63
0.50

0.206
0.305
0.413
0.305
0.206

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-41
R-42
R-43
R-44
R-45

7.125
7.500
7.625
7.625
8.313

0.438
0.750
0.313
0.438
0.438

0.69
1.00
0.56
0.69
0.69

0.63
0.94
0.50
0.63
0.63

0.305
0.485
0.206
0.305
0.305

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-46
R-47
R-48
R-49
R-50

8.313
9.000
9.750
10.625
10.625

0.500
0.750
0.313
0.438
0.625

0.75
1.00
0.56
0.69
0.88

0.69
0.94
0.50
0.63
0.81

0.341
0.485
0.206
0.305
0.413

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-51
R-52
R-53
R-54
A-55

11.000
12.000
12.750
12.750
13.500

0.875
0.313
0.438
0.625
1.125

1.13
0.56
0.69
0.88
1.44

1.06
0.50
0.63
0.81
1.38

0.583
0.206
0.305
0.413
0.780

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

R-56
R-57
R-58
R-59
R-60

15.000
15.000
15.000
15.625
16.000

0.313
0.438
0.875
0.313
1.250

0.56
0.69
1.13
0.56
1.56

0.50
0.63
1.06
0.50
1.50

0.206
0.305
0.583
0.206
0.879

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

R-61
R-62
R-63
R-64
R-65

16.500
16.500
16.500
17.875
18.500

0.438
0.625
1.000
0.313
0.438

0.69
0.88
1.31
0.56
0.69

0.63
0.81
1.25
0.50
0.63

0.305
0.413
0.681
0.206
0.305

0.06
0.06
0.09
0.06
0.06

R-66
R-67
R-68
R-69
R-70

18.500
18.500
20.375
21.000
21.000

0.625
1.125
0.313
0.438
0.750

0.88
1.44
0.56
0.69
1.00

0.81
1.38
0.50
0.63
0.94

0.413
0.780
0.206
0.305
0.485

0.06
0.09
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-71
R-72
R-73
R-74
R-75

21.000
22.000
23.000
23.000
23.000

1.125
0.313
0.500
0.750
1.250

1.44
0.56
0.75
1.00
1,56

1.38
0.50
0.69
0,94
1,50

0.780
0.206
0.341
0.485
0.879

0.09
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

R-76
R-77
R-78
R-79
R-BO

26.500
27.250
27.250
27,250
24,250

0.313
0.625
1.000
1.375
0,313

0.56
0.88
1.31
1.75

0.50
0.81
1.25
1.63
0.50

0.206
0.413
0.681
0.977
0.206

0.06
0.06
0.09
0.09
0.06
(continued)

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME 816.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616945 119 ..

ASME 816.20-1998

METALLlCGASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 3

TYPE R RING GASKET DlMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES (CONT'O)


Height of Ring

Ring
Number

Average
Pitch Diameter
of Ring, P

Width of
Ring, A

Width of Flat on
Octagonal Ring,

Radius in
Octagonal
Ring, Rl

R-81
R-82
R-84
R-85

25.000
2.250
2.500
3.125

0.563
0.438
0.438
0.500

0.75
0.63
0.63
0.69

0.377
0.305
0.305
0.341

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-86
R-87
R-88
R-89
R-90

3.563
3.938
4.875
4.500
6.125

0.625
0.625
0.750
0.750
0.875

0.81
0.81
0.94
0.94
1.06

0.413
0.413
0.485
0.485
0.583

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-91
R-S2
R-S3
R-94
R-S5

10.250
9.000
29.500
31.500
33.750

1.250
0.438
0.750
0.750
0.750

1.50
0.63
0.94
0.94
0.94

0.879
0.305
0.485
0.485
0.485

0.09
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

R-S6
R-97
R-S8
A-99
A-lOO

36.000
38.000
40.250
9.250
29.500

0.875
0.875
0.875
0.438
1.125

1.06
1.06
1.06
0.63
1.38

0.583
0.583
0.583
0.305
0.780

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

A-10l
A-102
R-103
R-l04
A-105

31.500
33.750
36.000
38.000
40.250

1.250
1.250
1.250
1.375
1.375

1.50
1.50
1.50
1.63
1.63

0.879
0.879
0.879
0.977
0.977

0.09
0.09
0.09
O.OS
0.09

Octagonal,
H

Oval,
B

0.69

GENERALNOTE: Al! dimensions are in inches.


TOLEAANCES:
P = average pitch diameter of ring, 0.007
A
width of ring, 0.008
8, H
height of ring, +0.05, -0.02
Variation in height throughout the entire circumference
tolerances.
e = width of flat on octagonal ring, 0.008
R,
radius in ring, 0.02
23 deg = angle. % deg

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

of any given ring shall not exceed 0.02 within these

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616946

055 ..

MET ALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 4

ASME 816.20-1998

PIPE SIZES FOR TYPE R RING GASKETS SUITABLE FOR


REFERENCED STANDARDS
Pressure Clas$8s

Ring
Number

ASME 816.5
150

R-ll
R-12
R-13
R-14
R-15
R-16
R-17
R-18
R-19
R-20
R-21
R-22
R-23
R-24
R-25
R-26
R-27
R-28
R-29
R-30 (2)
R-31
R-32
R-33
R-34
R-35
R-36
R-37
R-3a
R-39
R-40
R-41
R-42
R-43
R-44
R-45
R-46
R-47
R-48
R-49
R-50
R-51
R-52
R-53
R-54

300-600

900

ASME 816.47 Series A

API6B
1500

2500

720-960 111

2000

3000

5000

150

3()C).1OO

900

'/2

Y2

Y2

%
1%
1%

1%

11,14

1'/2

1%

1'/2

1%

1'/.

1'/4

1%

1%

1'/2

11;2

1'/2

2
2

2'/2

2%

1V2
1%
2
2

11,12

2'/2

2'/2

2%
2

2V2

2%

2%

2'/2
3
3
3

3
3%
3%

4
4

3'/2

4
4

4
5
5

5
6
5

6
6
8
8

8
8

8
10
10

10

10

10

lO
10

10

(continued)

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME 816.20-ENGL 199& .. 0759670 D616947 T91 ..

ASME .816.20-1998

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 4

PIPE SIZES FOR TYPE R RING GASKETS SUITABLE FOR


REFERENCEDSTANDARDS (CONT'D)
Pressure Classes

Ring'
Number
R-55
R-56
R-57
R-58
R-59
R-60
R-61
R62
R-63
R-64
R-65
R-66
R-67
R-68
R-69
R-70
R-71
R-72
R73
R-74
R-75
R-76
R-77
R-78
R-79
R-80
R-81
R-82

ASME 816.5
150

300-600

900

ASME 816.47 Series A

API6B
1500

2500

l1t

300-600

900

12

12

12

14

14

2000

3000

12

12

14

14

720-960

10000

150

10
12
12

12
12

14
12
14

14

14
14
16
16

16

16

16

16

16

16
16

18
18

18

18

18

18
18

18
18

20
20

20
20

20

20

20

20
20

24
24

24
24

24
24
22
22

R-84
R-85
R-86
R-S7
R-SS
R-89

1%
2
2%
3
4

312

R-90
R-91
R-92
R-93
R-94
R-95

5
10
26
28
30

(continued)

Copyright by the American Sociely Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616948

928 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 4

ASME 816.201998

PIPE SIZES FOR TVPE R RING GASKETS SUITABLE FOR


REFERENCED STANDARDS (CONT'OI
Pressure Classes

Ring
Number

ASME B16.5
150

300-600

900

API6B
1500

2500

720-960 (11

R-96
R-97
R-98
R-99
R-l00
R-10l

2000

ASME B16.47 Series A


3000

10000

111

150

300-600

900

32

34
36
8

8
26
28

R-102
R-l03
R-l04
R-105

30
32
34
36

GENERAL NOTE: End flanges to API 60 and API 600 use gaskets for equivalent pipe size under ASME 816.5 or ASME 816.47
series A.
NOTES:
(1) Class 720, 960, and 10000 flanges to API 68 are obsolete. Data are for information only.
!21 R-30 is for lapped joint only.

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME 81b.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 061b9~9 8b~ ..

METALlIC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

TABLE 5

TYPE RX RING GASKET OIMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES

Outside Diameter
of Ring,

Height 01
Outside Bevel,

Height
of Ring,
H

Radius
of Ring,
R1

Width
01 Flat,

OD

Width
of Ring,
A

RX-20
RX-23
RX-24
RX-25
RX-26

3.000
3.672
4.172
4.313
4.406

0.344
0.469
0.469
0.344
0.469

0.182
0.254
0.254
0.182
0.254

0.125
0.167
0.167
0.125
0.167

0.750
1.000
1.000
0.750
1.000

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

RX-27
RX-31
RX-35
RX-37
RX-39

4.656
5.297
5.797
6.297
6.797

0.469
0.469
0.469
0.469
0.469

0.254
0.254
0.254
0.254
0.254

0.167
0.167
0.167
0.167
0.167

1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000
1.000

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

RX-41
RX-44
RX-45
RX-46
RX-47

7.547
8.047
8.734
8.750
9.656

0.469
0.469
0.469
0.531
0.781

0.254
0.254
0.254
0.263
0.407

0.167
0.167
0.167
0.188
0.271

1.000
1.000
1.000
1.125
1.625

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

RX-49
RX-50
RX-53
RX-54
RX-57

11.047
11.156
13.172
13.281
15.422

0.469
0.656
0.469
0.656
0.469

0.254
0.335
0.254
0.335
0.254

0.167
0.208
0.167
0.208
0.167

1.000
1.250
1.000
1.250
1.000

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

RX-63
RX-65
RX-66
RX-69
RX-70

17.391
18.922
18.031
21.422
21.656

1.063
0.469
0.656
0.469
0.781

0.582
0.254
0.335
0.254
0.407

0.333
0.167
0.208
0.167
0.271

2.000
1.000
1.250
1.000
1.625

0.09
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

Ring
Number

Hole
Size,
E(1)

(continued)

10

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

~TD.A~ME B1b.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759b70 Ob1b950 586 ..

METALLlCGASKETSFOR PIPEFLANGES

TABLE5

ASME 816.20-1998

TYPE RX RING GASKET OIMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES (CONT'D)

R,

E 111

00

RX-73
RX-74

23.469
23.656

0.531
0.781

0.263
0.407

0.208
0.271

1.250
1.625

0.06
0.09

RX-82
RX-84
RX-85

2.672
2.922
3.547

0.469
0.469
0.531

0.254
0.254
0.263

0.167
0.167
0.167

1.000
1.000
1.000

0.06
0.06
0.06

0,06
0,06
0.06

RX-86
RX-87
RX-88
RX-89
RX-90

4.078
4.453
5.484
5.109
6.875

0.594
0.594
0.688
0.719
0.781

0.335
0.335
0.407
0.407
0.479

0.188
0.188
0.208
0.208
0.292

1.125
1.125
1,250
1.250
1,750

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.09

0.09
0,09
0,12
0,12
0.12

11.297
9.672
2.026
2.453
3.844
5,547

1,188
0.469
0.226
0.219
0.375
0.469

0.780
0.254
0.126
0.120
0.213
0.210

0.297
0.167
0.057
0.072 (2)
0.125 (2)
0.167 (2)

1.781
1.000
0.445
0.437
0.750
1,000

0.09
0.06
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.06

0.12

RX-91
RX-99
RX-201
RX-205
RX-210
RX-21S

Height
of Ring,
H

Hole
Siz.,

Width
of Flat,

Outside Diameter
of Ring,

Height of
Outside Bevel,

Radius
of Ring,

Width
01 Ring,
A

Ring
Number

(31
(31
(31
(31

GENERALNOTE:AII dimensions are in inches.


NOTES:
(1) Rings RX-82through RX-91only require one pressure passagehale as illustrated. The center line of the hale shall be located
at the midpoint of dimension C.
(2) Tolerance on these dimensions ls +0, -0.015,
(3) Tolerance on these dimensions is +0.02, -O.
TOLERANCES:
OD "" outside diameter of ringo +0.020, -O
A = width of ring, +0.008, -O
Variation in width throughout the entire circumference of any ring shall not exceed 0.004 within these tolerances.
e = width of flat, +0,006, -o
D = height of outside bevel, +0, -0,03
H = height of ring, +0.008, -o
Variation in height throughout the entire circumference of any ring shall not exceed 0.004 within these tolerances,
R, = radius of ring, 0.02
23 deg = angle, Y2 deg
E = hole size, 0.02

11

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

STD.ASME

81b.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759b70

0616951

412 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

TABLE 6

PIPE SIZES FOR TYPE RX RING GASKETS SUITABLE FOR


REFERENCED STANDARDS
Pressure Classes
API6e

Ring
Number

720-960
2000 (11

RX-20
RX23
RX-24
RX-25
RX-26

11;2
2

RX-27
RX31
RX35
RX-37
RX-39
RX-41
RX-44
RX-45
RX-46
RX-47
RX-49
RX-50
RX-53
RX-54
RX-57
RX-63
RX-65
RX-66
RX-69
RX-70
RX-73
RX-74
RX-82
RX-84
RX-85

3000

5000

1'/2

1%

2
3'/8

2'/2
3

2'12

3
4

2%

3
4

6
8 (21
8

10

10

12

12

8
10

14
16
16
18
18
20
20
1
1'12
2

RX-86
RX-87
RX-88
RX-89
RX-90
RX-91
RX-99
RX-201
RX-205
RX-210
RX-215

2900 (11

2%

3
4
3%
5
10
8 (2)

8 (21

1%
,'3/'6
29/'6
4'1'6

NOTES:
(1) Class 720, 960, and 2900 flanges to API 66 are obsolete. Data are for informaton
(2) Crossover flange .connection.

12

Copyright by the American Society


Sun Jan 30 12:30:162005

or Mechanical Engineers

only.

STD.ASME

B16.2C-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616952

359 ..

METALLlCGASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

TABLE 7
Ring
Number
BX-150
BX-151
BX-152
BX-153
BX-l54

Nominal
Size.in.
111,116
113/16
21;16
29/16
31/16

ASME B16.20-1998

TYPE BX RING GASKET OIMENSIONS ANO TOLERANCES


Width
of Ring.
A

Outside Oiameter
of Flat,
ODT

Width
of Flat.

00

Height
of Ring.
H

2.842
3.008
3.334
3.974
4.600

0.366
0.379
0.403
0.448
0.488

0.366
0.379
0.403
0.448
0.488

2.790
2.954
3.277
3.910
4.531

0.314
0.325
0.346
0.385
0.419

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

Outside Oiameter
of Ring,

Hole
Size.
0(11

BX-155
BX-156
BX-157
BX-158
BX-159

41/16
71;16
9
11
13%

5.825
9.367
11.593
13.860
16.800

0.560
0.733
0.826
0.911
1.012

0.560
0.733
0.826
0.911
1.012

5.746
9.263
11.476
13,731
16.657

0.481
0.629
0.709
0.782
0.869

0.06
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12

BX-160
BX-161
BX-162
BX-163
BX-164

13%
16%
16%
18%
18%

15.850
19.347
18.720
21.896
22.463

0.938
1.105
0,560
1.185
1.185

0.541
0.638
0.560
0.684
0.968

15.717
19.191
18.641
21.728
22.295

0.408
0.482
0.481
0.516
0.800

0.12
0.12
0.06
0.12
0.12

BX-165
BX-166
BX-167
BX-168
BX-169

21%
21 '14
26%
26%

5'18

24.595
25,198
29.896
30,128
6,831

1.261
1.261
1.412
1.412
0.624

0.728
1.029
0.516
0,632
0,509

24.417
25.020
29.696
29.928
6.743

0.550
0.851
0.316
0.432
0.421

0.12
0.12
0.06
0.06
0.06

BX-170
BX-171
BX-172
BX-303

6%
89/16
11%2
30

8,584
10,529
13.113
33.573

0.560
0.560
0.560
1.494

0.560
0,560
0.560
0.668

8.505
10.450
13.034
33.361

0.481
0.481
0.481
0.457

0.06
0.06
0.06
0.06

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) AII dimensions are in inches.
(b) RadiusR shall be 8% to 12% of the gasket height H.
(continued)

13

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B1620-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

ASME 816.20-1998

0616953

295 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

NOTES TO TABLE 7ICONT'D)


NOTE:
(1) One pressure passage hole is required per gasket as illustrated.
of dimension C.
TOLERANCES:
00 = (outside diameter of ring) +0, -0.005
H = (height of ring) +0.008, -O
Variation in height throughout the entire circumference
A = (width of ring) +0.008, -O
Variation in width throughout the entire circumference
OOT = (outside diameter of flatl 0.002
C = (width of tlat) +0.006, -O
O = (hole size) 0.02
R = (radius of ring) see General Note (b)
23 deg = (angle) % deg

TABLE 8

The center line of the hole shall be located at the midpoint

of any ring shall not exceed 0.004 within these tolerances.


of any ring shall not exceed 0.004 within these tolerances.

PIPE SIZES FOR TYPE BX RING GASKETS SUITABLE FOR REFERENCED STANDARDS
Pressure Classes

Ring
Number

API6BX
2000

3000

5000

BX-150
BX-151
BX-152
BX-153
BX-154

113/16

2Y16

2Y16

2Y'6

29/16

29/'6
31;'6

29/'6
31;'6

9
11
13%

41;'6
71;'6
9
11
13%

16%

16%

18%

18%

7Y'6

13%
16%
16%
18%

BX-165
BX-166
BX-167
BX-168
BX-169

211;4
21%
26%
2Ei%
5%
6%
89/'6
11%2
30

30

14

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

20000

111;16
113/16

4'/'6

BX-160
BX-161
BX-162
BX-163
BX-164

15000

111/16
113/16

3Y'6

BX-155
BX-156
BX-157
BX-158
BX-159

BX-170
BX-171
BX-l72
BX-303

10000

6%

89/'6
11%2

41;16

7Y'6
9
11
13%

STD.ASME

METALlIC

Blb20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616954

GASKETS FOA PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

..

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15

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

121 ..

STD.ASME B16.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616955 068 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME B16.20-1998

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16

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

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STD.ASME 816.2D-ENGL 1998 .. 075967D D616956 TT4 ..

METALLIC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

....
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17

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

81b.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759b70

Ob1b957

930 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR P.IPEFLANGES

ASME 816020-1998

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18

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

ID

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616958

ASME B16.20-1998

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

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19

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

877 ..

STD.ASME B16.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616959 703 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998
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20

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

.5
ll)

oti

STD.ASME

METAlLlC

816.20-ENGl

1998 .. 0759670

Oblb96C

GASKETS FOR PIPE FlANGES

TABLE 12

425 ..

ASME 816.20-1998

INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR


SPIRAL-WOUND GASKETS

Flange

Pressure Class

Size
150

300

1
1%
11;2

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.50
1.75

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.31
1.63

0.56
0.81
1.06
1.31
1.63

2
2%
3
4
5

2.19
2.62
3.19
4.19
5.19

2.19
2.62
3.19
4.19
5.19

4.04
5.05

2.19
2.62
3.10
4.04
5.05

3.10
4.04
5.05

2.06
2.50
3.10
3.85
4.90

2.06
2.50
3.10
3.85
4.90

10
12
14

6.19
8.50
10.56
12.50
13.75

6.19
8.50
10.56
12.50
13.75

6.10
8.10
10.05
12.10
13.50

6.10
8.10
10.05
12.10
13.50

6.10
7.75
9.69
11.50
12.63

5.80
7.75
9.69
11.50
12.63

5.80
7.75
9.69
11.50

16
18
20
24

15.75
17.69
19.69
23.75

15.75
17.69
19.69
23.75

15.35
17.25
19.25
23.25

15.35
17.25
19.25
23.25

14.75
16.75
19.00
23.25

14.50
16.75
18.75
22.75

(NPSI
%

400 (11

600

900 (1, 21

1500 (2. 31

2500 (1-31

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) The inner-ring thickness shall be 0.117 in. to 0.131 in.
Ibl For sizes NPS 1'/4 through NPS 3, the inside diameter tolerance is :t0.03 in.; for larger sizes
the inside diametar tolerance is :t0.06 in. See Table 15 for minimum pipe wall thicknesses
that are suitable for use with standard inner rings.
NOTES:
(1) There are no Class 400 flanges NPS 1,12
through NP$ 3 (use Class 600). Class 900 flanges
NPS 1,12
through NPS 2'/2 (use Class 1500), or Class 2500 flanges NPS 14 and larger.
(2) Inner rings are required for Class 900, NPS 24 gaskets; Class 1500, NPS 12 through NPS 24
gaskets; and Class 2500, NPS 4 through NPS 12 p,askets.
(3) The inner-ring inside diameters shown for NPS 1/4 through NPS 2% in Class 1500 and 2500
will produce lnner-rlnq widths of 0.12 in., a practical minimum for production purposes.

21

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

81b.2D-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

ASME 816.20-1998

0616961

361 ..

METALLlCGASKETSFORPIPEFLANGES

TABLE 13 INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR SPIRAL-WOUND


GASKETS USED 8ETWEEN ASME 816.47 SERIES A FLANGES
Flange
SiZ8
INPSI

150

300

400

600

900 (1, 2)

26
28
30
32
34
36

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

26.00
28.00
29.75
32.00
34.00
36.13

25.50
27.50
29.75
32.00
34.00
36.13

26.00
28.00
30.25
32.00
34.00
36.25

38
40
42
44
46
48

37.75
39.75
41.75
43.75
45.75
47.75

37.50
39.50
41.50
43.50
45.38
47.63

37.50
39.38
41.38
43.50
46.00
47.50

37.50
39.75
42.00
43.75
45.75
48.00

39.75
41.75
43.75
45.50
48.00
50.00

50
52
54
56
58
60

49.75
51.75
53.50
55.50
57.50
59.50

49.00
52.00
53.25
55.25
57.00
60.00

49.50
51.50
53.25
55.25
57.25
59.75

50.00
52.00
54.25
56.25
58.00
60.25

Pressure Class

GENERALNOTES:
(al The inner-ring Ihickness shall be 0.117 in. lo 0.131 in.
(bl The inside diameter tolerance is 0.12 in.
(el These inner rings are suitable for use with pipe walls 0.38 in. or thieker.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required for Class 900 gaskets.
(21 There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.

22

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616962

2T8 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.201998

TABLE 14 INNER-RING INSIDE DIAMETERS FOR SPIRAL-WOUND


GASKETS USED BETWEEN ASME B16.47 SERIES B FLANGES
Flange

Pressure Class

SiZ
(NPSI

150

300

400

600

26
28
30
32
34
36

25,75
27,75
29,75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.75
29.75
31.75
33.75
35.75

25.75
27.63
29.63
31.50
33.50
35.38

25.38
27.00
29.63
31.25
33.50
35.50

26.25
28.25
30.75
33.00
35.25
36.25

38
40
42
44
46
48

37.75
39.75
41.75
43.75
45.75
47.75

38.25
40.25
42.75
44.25
46.38
48.50

37.50
39.38
41.38
43.50
46.00
47.50

37.50
39.75
42.00
43.75
45.75
48.00

39.75
41.75
43.75
45.50
48.00
50.00

50
52
54
56
58
60

49.75
51.75
53.75
56.00
58.19
60.44

49.88
51.88
53.75
56.25
58.44
61.31

49.50
51.50
53.25
55.25
57.25
59.75

50.00
52.00
54.25
56.25
58.00
60.25

GENERAL NOTES:
(a) The innerring thiekness shall be 0.117 in. to 0.131 in.
(bl The inside diameter toleranee is :!:0.12 in.
(e) These inner rings are suitable tor use with pipe walls 0.38 in. or thicker.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required for Class 900 gaskets.
(2) There are no Class 900 tlanges NPS 50 and larger.

23

Copyright by the American Society OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

900

11. 21

STD.ASME 81b.2D-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 Db1b9b3 134 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME B16.20-1998

TABLE 15

MINIMUM PIPE WALL THICKNESS SUITABLE FOR USE WITH


INNER RINGS FOR ASME 816.5 FLANGES
Pressure Class

Flange

Size
INPS)

150

300

400

600

900

1500

2500

12

Schedule 80

Schedule 40

Schedule 80

5
6

8
10
12
14
16

Schedule lOS

Schedule 30

18
20
24

24

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

Schedule 80

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1"8

.. 0759670

0616964

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

'"u
Q

'"C>CIl

e
8
In

c:

11)

<;:

eo>-

.,

O>

c:

11)

<;:

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c:

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CIl

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11)

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., c:
c:

;:

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CIl

11)

<;:

S:

CIl

CIl
Ol

,.._

In

c:

25

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

070 ..

c:

"'Q;

]
Q

-5

STD.ASME 816.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616965 T07 ..

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

TABLE 17

MAXIMUM BORE OF ASME 816.47 SERIES A FLANGES FOR


USE WITH SPIRAL-WOUND GASKETS

Flange
Size
INPSI

Pressure Class
150

300

400

600

900 (11

26
28
30
32

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

34
36
38
40

(2)
(2)
(2)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

42
44
46
48

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

50
52
56
58
60

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(31
(3)
(3)

(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)
(3)

(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)

(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)

GENERAL NOTE: This table shows the maximum bore of flanges for which the spiral-wound
gaskat dimansions shown in Tabla 10 are racommandad, considering the tolerances involved,
the possibility of eccentric installation, and the possibility that the gasket may extend into the
assembled flange bore.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required for Class 900 gaskets, NPS 26 through NPS 48 (see para. 3.2.5).
(2) Applies only to welding neck flanges with abare not larger than the inside diameter of a
0.187-in. wall pipe. Larger bares must be checked individually.
(3) Applies only to welding neck flanges with abare not larger than the inside diameter of a
0.25-in. wall pipe, except that NPS 38, Class 300, is not suitable for a bore larger than the
inside diameter of a 0.30-in. wall pipe. Larger bares rnust be checked individually.
(4) There are no Class 900 flanges in NPS 50 through 60.

26

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME Blb.2D-ENGL 1998 .. D759b7D Db1b9bb 943 ..

METALLlCGASKETSFORPIPEFLANGES

TABLE 18

ASME 816.20-1998

MAXIMUM BORE OF ASME B16.47 SERIES B FLANGES FOR


USE WITH SPIRALWOUND GASKETS

Flange
Size
INPS)

Pressure elass
150

300

400

600

900 (11

26
28

30
32
34
36

38
40
44

46

Welding neck and integral tlanges


having maximum inside diameters
as described in ASME 816.47

48
50

(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

52
54
56

58
60

GENERALNOTE: This table shows the maximum bore of flanges for which the spiral-wound
gasket dimensions shown in Table 11 are recommended, considering the tolerances involved,
the possibility of eccentric installation, and the possibility that the gasket may extend into the
assembled flange bore.
NOTES:
(1) Inner rings are required tor Class 900 gaskets, NPS 26 through NPS 48 (see para. 3.2.5).
(21 There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.

27

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME B1b.2D-ENGL 1998

D759b7D Db1b9b7 88T

ASME 816.20-1998

METAlllC GASKETSFORPIPEFLANGES

TABLE 19

COLOR CODING AND ABBREVIATIONS FOR SPIRAL-WOUND


GASKET MATERIALS
Metallic Winding Materials

Material

Abbreviation

Color Code

Carbon steel
304 SS
304 l SS

CRS
304
304l

Silver
Yellow
No color

309 SS
310 SS
316l SS

309
310
316l

No color
No color
Green

347 SS
321 SS
430 SS

347
321
430

81ue
Turquoise
No color

Ni-Cu
Monel400
Grade 400

MON

Orange

Nickel200
Titanium
20Cb-3alloy

NI
TI
A-20

Red
Purple
Black

Ni-Mo
Hastelloy 8
Grade B2

HAST 8

Brown

Ni-Mo-Cr
Hastelloy C
Grade e-276

HASTC

Beige

Ni-Cr-Fe
Inconel600
Grade 600

INC 600

Gold

Ni-Cr-Fe-Cb
Inconel625
Grade 625

INC 625

Gold

Ni-Cr-Fe-Ti
Inconel X-750
Grade X-750

INX

No color

Ni-Fe-Cr
Incolay 800
Grade 800

IN 800

White

Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu
Incaloy 825
Grade 825

IN 825

White

Zircanium

ZIRC

No color
(continued)

28

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998

.. 075967D

0616968

716 ..

MET ALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

TABLE 19 COLORCOOINGANO ABBREVIATIONSFORSPIRAL-WOUND


GASKETMAlERIALS ICONT'DI
Nonmetallic
Material
Chrysotile asbestos
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Mica-graphite
Flexible-graphite
Ceramic

Filiar Matarials

Abbreviation
AS8
PTFE
Mfr.'s designation
F.G.
CER

Color Code
No stripe
White stripe
Pink stripe
Gray stripe
Light green stripe

lABLE 20 EXAMPlE MARKINGSFORSPIRAl-WOUND GASKETS


Description

Marking

NPS 3, Class 300 and 600 AS ME 816.5 gasket having a Type 304
metal winding and a flexible graphite filler material

3-300/S0O--f.G.
(Manufacturer's
ASME 816.20

NPS 3S, Class 300 ASME 91S.47 Series A gasket having a Type 304
metal winding and a ceramic filler material

36-30O-CER
ASME 816.47 A
(Manufacturer's trademarkl
ASME 816.20

NPS 12, Class 1500 ASME 916.5 gasket having an inconel metal
winding, PTFE filler material, and an inconel inner ring

12-1500 INC 600-PTFE


INC SOO I.R.
(Manufacturer's trademarkl
ASME 816.20

29

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

trademark)

STD.ASME Blb.20-ENGL 1998 .. 0759b70 Oblb9b9 bS2 ..

ASME B16.201998

METALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

0.125 in. thick

Bolt-hole
diameter

TA8LE 21
Flange
Size
INPS)

Gasket outside diameter

JACKETED GASKET DIMENSIONS FOR ASME 816.5 FLANGES

Gasket
Inside
Diameter 111

150

300

1
1%
1%

0.88
1.13
1.50
1.88
2.13

1.75
2.13
2.50
2.88
3.25

2.00
2.50
2.75
3.13
3.63

2
21;2
3
4
5

2.88
3.38
4.25
5.19
6.00

4.00
4.75
5.25
6.75
7.63

4.25
5.00
5.75
7.00
8.38

6
8
10
12
14

7.50
9.38
11.25
13.50
14.75

8.63
10.88
13.25
16.00
17.63

16
18
20
24

16.75
19.25
21.00
25.25

20.13
21.50
23.75
28.13

1;2

Gasket Outside Diameter by Class 111

GENERAL NOTE: The gasket-thickness

400121

600

900 (31

1500

2500141

2.00
2.50
2.75
3.13
3.63

2.38
2.63
3.00
3.38
3.75

2.63
2.88
3.25
4.00
4.50

6.88
8.25

4.25
5.00
5.75
7.50
9.38

6.50
8.00
9.63

5.50
6.38
6.75
8.13
9.88

5.63
6.50
7.63
9.13

9.75
12.00
14.13
16.50
19.00

9.63
11.88
14.00
16.38
18.88

10.38
12.50
15.63
17.88
19.25

11.25
14.00
17.00
19.50
20.38

11.00
13.75
17.00
20.38
22.63

21.13
23.38
25.63
30.38

21.00
23.25
25.38
30.13

22.13
24.00
26.75
31.00

22.50
25.00
27.38
32.88

25.13
27.63
29.63
35.38

tolerance is +0.03 in., -0.000 in.

NOTES:
(11 For gaskets NPS Y2 through NPS 24, the outside and inside diameter tolerances are +0.06 in., -0.000 in.
(2) There are no Class 400 flanges NPS % through NPS 3 (use Class 600).
(3) There are no Class 900 flanges NPS % through NPS 2% (use Class 1500).
14) There are no Class 2500 flanges NPS 14 and larger.

30

Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

10.88
12.38
15.13
18.63
21.50

STD.ASME

81b.2[l-ENGL

1991!i

[l759b7D

[lb1b97[l 374

METALlIC GASKETS fOR PIPE fLANGES

ASME 816.20-1998

0.125 in. thick

G."":n';de .. ameter

Bolthole
diameter

Gasket outside diameter

TA8LE 22 JACKETED GASKET OIMENSIONS FOR


ASME 816.47 SERIES A FLANGES
Flange
Size
(NPS)

Gasket
Inside
Diameter 111

150

300

400

600

900 121

26
28
30
32
34

26.50
28.50
30.50
32.50
34.50

30.38
32.63
34.63
36.88
38.88

32.75
35.25
37.38
39.50
41.50

32.63
35.00
37.13
39.38
41.38

34.00
35.88
38.13
40.13
42.13

34.63
37.13
39.63
42.13
44.63

36
38
40
42
44

36.50
38.50
40.50
42.50
44.50

41.13
43.63
45.63
47.88
50.13

43.88
41.38
43.75
45.75
47.88

43.88
42.13
44.25
46.25
48.38

44.38
43.38
45.38
47.88
49.88

47.13
47.13
49.13
51.13
53.75

46
48
50
52
54

46.50
48.50
50.50
52.50
54.50

52.13
54.38
56.38
58.63
60.88

50.00
52.00
54.13
56.13
58.63

50.63
52.88
55.13
57.13
59.63

52.13
54.63
56.88
58.88
61.13

56.38
58.38

56
58
60

56.50
58.50
60.50

63.13
65.38
67.38

6o.s3
62.63
64.63

61.63
63.63
66.13

63.13
65.38
68.13

Gasket Outside Diameter

GENERAL NOTE: The gasket-thickness

tolerance

by Clan (1)

is +0.03 ln., -0.000 in.

NOTES:
gaskets NPS 26 through NPS 60, the outside diameter
are +0.13 in., -0.000 in.
(2) There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.
(1) for

31

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

and inside diameter

tolerances

STD.ASME 81b.20-EN6L 1~~8 .. 0759670 0616971 200 ..

ASME B16.20-1998

MET ALLlC GASKETS FOR PIPE FLANGES

0.125 in. thick

Bolt-hole
diameter

Gasket outside diameter

TABLE 23 JACKETEO GASKET OIMENSIONS FOR


ASME B16.47 SERIES B FLANGES
Flange
Size
(NPS)

Gasket
Inside
Diameter (11

150

300

400

600

900 (2)

26
28
30
32
34

26.50
28.50
30.50
32.50
34.50

28.44
30.44
32.44
34.56
36.69

30.25
32.38
34.75
36.88
39.00

29.25
31.38
33.63
35.75
37.75

30.00
32.13
34.50
36.63
39.13

32.88
35.38
37.63
39.88
42.13

36
38
40
42
44

36.50
38.50
40.50
42.50
44.50

38.75
41.00
43.00
45.00
47.00

41.13
43.13
45.13
47.13
49.13

40.13
42.13
44.25
46.25
48.38

41.13
43.38
45.38
47.88
49.88

44.13
47.13
49.13
51.13
53.75

46
48
50
52
54

46.50
48.50
50.50
52.50
54.50

49.31
51.31
53.31
55.31
57.50

51.75
53.75
55.75
57.75
60.13

50.63
52.88
55.13
57.13
59.63

52.13
54.63
56.88
58.88
61.13

56.38
58.38

56
58

56.50
58.50
60.50

59.50
62.06
64.06

62.63
65.06
67.06

61.63

63.63

63.13
65.38
68.13

60

Gasket Outside Diameter by Class (1)

66.13

GENERAL NOTE: The gasket-thickness tolerance is +0.03 in., -0.000 in.


NOTES:
(1) For gaskets NPS 26 through NPS 60, the outside diameter and inside diameter tolerances
are +0.13 in . -0.000 in.
(2) There are no Class 900 flanges NPS 50 and larger.

32

Copyright by the American Society Of Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME B162D-ENGL 1998 .. D759670 D616972 147 ..

METALLlCGA5KET5 FORPIPEFLANGES

TABLE 24

ASME B16.20-1998

ABBREVIATIONS FOR IDENTlFVING MATERIALS FOR


JACKETEO GASKETS
Material

Abbreviation
Metals

Al
CRS
Cu
Ni-Mo (grade B2)
Ni-Mo-Cr (grade C-276)
Ni-Cr-Fe (grade 600)
Ni-Cr-Fe-Cb (grade 625)
Ni-Fe-Cr (grade 800)
Ni-Cr-Fe-Ti (grade X-7501
Ni-Cu (grade 4001
Nidel200
Soft iron
Ni-Cr
Ta
Ti

Aluminum
Carbon steel
Copper
Hastelloy B
Hastelloy C
Inconel600
Inconel625
Incoloy 800
Inconel X-750
Monel
Nickel
Soft iron
Stainless steels
Tantalum
Titanium

AL
CS
CU
HAST B
HASTC
INC 600
INC 625
IN 800
INX
MON
NI
50ft iron
3-digit
TANT
TI
Fillers

Asbestos
Ceramic
Flexible graphite
Polytetrafluoroethylene

TABLE 25

ASB
CER
F.G.
PTFE

EXAMPLE MARKINGS FOR JACKETEO GASKETS


Description

Marking

NPS 2'/2, Class 150 ASME 816.5 gasket having a Type 304
metal jacket and a flexible graphite filler material

2 Yz-150--304/F.G.
(Manufacturer's trademark)
ASME 816.20

NPS 30, Class 300 ASME 816.47 Series 8 gasket having a


carbon-steel jacket and a ceramic filler material

30-300--CS/CER
ASME B16.47B
(Manufacturer's trademark)
ASME 816.20

33

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20-ENGL

1998

.. 0759670

0616973

083 ..

ASME B16.20-1998

MANDATORV ANNEX I
REFERENCES

The following is a list of publications referenced in


this Standard.

ISO 9000-2: 1997, Quality management and quality


assurance standards - Part 2: Generic guidelines
for the application of ISO 9001, ISO 9002, and
ISO 9003
ISO 9000-3: 1991, Quality management and quality
assurance standards - Pan 3: Guidelines for the
application of ISO 9001 to the development, supply,
installation, and maintenance of computer software
ISO 900 1: 1994, Qua1ity systems - Model for quality
assurance in design, development, production. installation, and servicing
ISO 9002: 1994, Quality systems - Model for quality
assurance in production, installation, and servicing
ISO 9003: 1994, Quality systerns - Model for quality
assurance in final inspection and test
Publisher: Intemational Organization for Standardization
(ISO), 1 rue de Varemb, Case postale 56, CH-1121
Genve 20, Switzerland/Suisse

ASME BI6.5-1996, Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittngs'


ASME BI6.47-1996, Large Diameter Steel Flanges:
NPS 26 through NPS 601
ASME 836.IOM-1996, We1ded and Seamless Wrought
Steel Pipe)
ASME B36.19M-1985 (RI994), Stainless Steel Pipe)
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
(ASME), Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016;
arder Department: 22 Law Drive, Box 2300, Fairfield,
NJ 07007
ISO 9000-1: 1994, Quality management and quality
assurance standards - Part 1: Guidelines for selection
and use

API Specification 6A - 17th Edition - 1996, Specication for Valves and Wellhead Equipment
Publisher: American Petroleum Institute (AP!), 1220 L
Street, NW, Washington. DC 20005

May also be obtained from the American National Standards


[nstitute (ANSI). 11

we

42nd Street, New York. NY 10036.

35
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Copyrighl by lhe American Sociely OC Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616974

T1T ..

ASME 816.201998

NONMANDATORV ANNEX A
QUALlTV SVSTEM PROGRAM

The products manufactured in accordance with this


Standard shall be produced under a quality system
program following the principIes of an appropriate
standard from the ISO 9000 series.' A detcrmination
of the need for registration and/or certification of the
product manufacturer's quality system program by an
independent organization shall be the responsibility of
the manufacturero Detailed documentation demonstrating
program compliance shall be available to the purchaser
al the manufacturer's facility. A written, summarized
description of the program used by the product manufacturer shall be available to the purchaser upon request.
The product manufacturer is defined as the entity whose
name or trademark appears on the product in accordance
with the marking or identification requirements of this
Standard.

The series is also available from the American National Standards


Institute (ANSI) and the American Society for Quality (ASQ) as
American National Standards that are identified by a prefix "Q"
replacing the prefix "ISO". Each standard of the series is listed
in Annex 1.

37

Previous page is blank

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

B16.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616975

956 ..

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Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.ASME

816.20-ENGL

1998 .. 0759670

0616976

892 ..

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANOAROS FOR PIPING,


PIPE FLANGES, FmIN.GS, ANO VALVES
Scheme tor the Identification of Piping Systems
A13.11996
Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch)
.
;
.'~
81.20.1-1983(R1992)
Dryseal Pipe Threads (Inch)
'
,
'
;
,,
'
'B1.20.3-1976(R1991)
Cast lron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Classes 25, 125, and 250
, .......................
816.1-1998Malleable Iron Threaded Fittings: Classes 150 and 300
816.31998
Gray Iron Threaded Fittings: Classes 125 and 250
B16.4-1998
Pipe Flanges and Flang.ed Fittings (NPS 1;2Through NPS 24)
B16.5-1996
Factory-Made Wrought Steel 8uttwelding Fittings
_
_
_
_
_
816.9-1993
Face-to-Pace and End-to-End Dimensione of Valves
_
_
816':10-1992
Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
_
_
_
_. _
_
__
_816.11-1996
Cast Iron Threaded Drainage Fittings . _
,. _
,
,. _
816.12-~998
Ferrous Pipe Plugs, 8ushings, and Locknuts with Pipe Threads
, .......................
816.14-1991
Cast 8ronze Threaded Fittings: Classes 125 and 250
:
816.15-1985(R1994)
Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
:
816.18-1984(Rl994)
Metallic Gaskets tor Pipe Flanqes: Ring-Joint, Spiral-Wound. and .Jacketed.
:
:
816.20-1998
Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges
816.21-1992
Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint Pressure Fittings
816.22-1995
Cast Gopper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV
816.23-1992
Cast Copper Alloy Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings: Glasses 150, 300, 400, 600,900, 1500, and 2500
816.24-1991(R1998)
Buttwelding Ends
.,
'
::
,
816.25-1997
Cast Copper Alloy Fittings tor Flared Gopper Tubes .....................................................
816.26-1988
Wrought Steel Buttwelding Short Radius Elbows and Returns
,
816.28-1994
Wrought Copper and Wrought Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage Fittings - DWV
,
816.29-1994
Manully Opsrated Metallic Gas Valves tor Use in Gas Piping Systems up to 125 psig
.
(Sizes % Through 2)
,
,816.33-1990
Valves - Flanged, Threaded, and Welding End ...........................................................
816.34-1996
Orifice Flanges
816.36-1996
Large Metallic Valves for Gas Distribution (Manually Operated, NPS 2'/2 to 12. 125 psig Maximum)
816.38-1985(R1994)
Malleable lron Threaded Pipe Unions
,816.39-1998
Manually Operated Thermoplastic Gas Shutoffs and Valves in Gas Distribution Systems
816.40-1985(R1994)
Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Classes 150 and 300 ....................
"...............
816.42-1998
Manually Operated Metallic Gas Valves for Use in House Piping Systems
816.44-1995
Cast Iron Fittings for Sovent Drainage Systems
816.45-1998
Large Diameter Steel Flanges (NPS 26 Through NPS 60) ................................
'.' ................
B16.47-1996
Steel Une 81anks
816.48-1997
Power Piping ................................................................................
831.1-1995
Fuel Gas Piping (not an ANSI standard)
831.2-1968
Process Piping .......................................................................................
831.3-1999
Pipeline Transportation Systems for Uquid Hydrocarbons and Other Uquids
831.4-1992
Refrigeration Piping ....................................................................................
831.5-1992
Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
831.8-1995
Building Services Piping
831.9-1996
Slurry Transportation Piping Systems
831.11-1989
Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines .................................
831G-1991
Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe ..........................................................
836.10M-1996
Stainless Steel Pipe
836.19M-1985(R1994)
Self-Operated and Power-Operated Safety-Related Valves Functional Specification Standard ........
N278.1-1975(R1992)

The ASME Publications Catalog shows a complete list of all tne Standards published by the Society;' For a eomplimentsrv
cata/og, or the latest information about our pubticetions, call 1-800-THE-ASME(1-800-843-2763).

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005

STD.SME

B16.20~ENGL 1998 .. 0759670 0616977 729 ..

9 790791 826354

IIIIIII~ 111111111111111111111111111

Copyright by the American Society 01 Mechanical Engineers


Sun Jan 30 12:30:16 2005