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NAME

DATE

BAND

SIMILAR RIGHT TRIANGLES #2.5: WHY THREE RATIOS?
ADV GEOMETRY | PACKER COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE

Ms. Stutt found the missing angle in this triangle in the following way…
She first found the length of the third leg using the Pythagorean theorem, and got about 2.6552.
She then took the ratio of that third leg to the hypotenuse, and got 2.6552/3.0976 (approx 0.8572)
She then looked in our Table of Right Triangle Ratios and found the missing angle was 31 degrees.
Mr. Kinnell found the missing angle in this triangle in the following way…
He first found the length of the third leg using the Pythagorean theorem, and got about 2.6552.
He then took the ratio of the opposite leg to the adjacent leg, and got 1.5954/2.6552 (approx 0.6009)
He then looked in our Table of Right Triangle Ratios and found the missing angle was 31 degrees.
Mr. Shah found the missing angle in this triangle in the following way…
He took the ratio of the opposite leg to the hypotenuse, and got 1.5954/3.0976 (approx 0.5150).
He then looked in our Table of Right Triangle Ratios and found the missing angle was 31 degrees.

1. Whose solution was the easiest/most elegant? Why?

2. Whose solution was incorrect?

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3. You’ve been working with lots of triangles, and using our Table of Right Triangle Ratios. Let’s say
someone spilled ink on the last two columns of the entire table – so it looks like:
Angle
(degree)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

leg opposite of angle
hypotenuse

leg adjacent to the angle
hypotenuse

leg opposite of angle
leg adjacent to the angle

0.0175
0.0349
0.0523
0.0698
0.0872
0.1045
0.1219
0.1392
0.1564
0.1736
0.1908
0.2079
0.2250
0.2419
0.2588

0.9998
0.9994
0.9986
0.9976
0.9962
0.9945
0.9925
0.9903
0.9877
0.9848
0.9816
0.9781
0.9744
0.9703
0.9659

0.0175
0.0349
0.0524
0.0699
0.0875
0.1051
0.1228
0.1405
0.1584
0.1763
0.1944
0.2126
0.2309
0.2493
0.2679

Look at the triangles (that you’ve seen before!) below, and circle the triangles you could still find the missing
angle of. Put an “X” through the triangles that you cannot determine the missing angle of.

4. The Big Conclusion (we’ll fill this in as a class):

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