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You are on page 1of 3

1. Let p and q be the propositions The election is decided and The votes have

been counted respectively. Express each of these compound propositions as

English sentences.

a. p

b.

c. p q

d. q p

e. q p

f. p q

g. p q

h. q ( p q )

2. Determine whether each of these conditional statements is true or

False.

a.

b.

c.

d.

If

If

If

If

1

1

1

2

+

+

+

+

1

1

1

2

=

=

+

+

3,

3,

2,

4,

then

then

then

then

unicorns exist

dogs can fly.

dogs can fly.

1+2=3

English

a. For you to get an A in this course, it is necessary and sufficient that you

learn how to solve discrete mathematics problems. You get an A in this

course if and only if you learn how to solve discrete mathematics

problems.

b. If you read the newspaper every day, you will be informed, and

conversely. You will be informed if and only if you read the newspaper

every day.

c. It rains if it is a weekend day, and it is a weekend day if it rains. It rains if

and only it is a weekend day (thats unfortunate indeed).

d. You can see the wizard only if the wizard is not in, and the wizard is not in

only if you can see him.

You can see the wizard if and only if he is not in.

4. Construct a truth table for ((p q) r) s

5. Five friends have access to a chat room. Is it possible to determine who is

chatting if the following information is known? Either Kevin or Heather, or

both, are chatting. Either Randy or Vijay, but not both, are chatting. If Abby is

chatting, so is Randy. Vijay and Kevin are 2either both chatting or neither is. If

Heather is chatting, then so are Abby and Kevin.

7. Find a compound proposition involving the propositional variables p, q and r

that is true when p and q are true and r is false but false otherwise.

8. Determine the truth value of each of these statements if the domain consists

of all real numbers.

a. x( x 3 1 )

b. x( x 4 x 2 )

c. x(( x )2 x )

d. x( 2 x x )

9. Translate each of these statements into logical expressions using predicates,

quantifier and logical connectives. Let C(x) denote the predicate xis in the

correct place, let E(x) denote the predicate x is in excellent condition, and

T(x) denote the predicate x is a tool, and suppose that the domain consists

of all tools.

a. Something is not in the correct place.

b. All tools are in the correct place and is in excellent condition.

c. Everything is in the correct place and is in excellent condition.

d. Nothing is in the correct place and is in excellent condition.

e. One of your tools is not in the correct place, but is in excellent

condition.

10.Express each of these statements using quantifier. Then form the negation of

the statement so that no negation is to left of a quantifier. Next express the

negation in simple English.

a. All dogs have fleas.

b. There is a horse that can add.

c. Every koala can climb.

d. No monkey can speak French.

e. There exists a pig that can swim and catch fish.

11.Let Q(x,y) be the statement student x has been a contestant on quiz show

y. Express each of these sentences in terms of Q(x,y), quantifier, and logical

connectives, where the domain for x consists of all students at your school

and for y consists of all quiz shows on television.

a. There is a student at your school who has been a contestant on a

television quiz show.

b. No student at your school has ever been a contestant an a television

quiz show.

c. There is a student at your school who has been a contestant on

Jeopardy and on Wheel of Fortune.

d. Every television quiz show has had a student from your school as a

contestant.

Jeopardy.

12.Let F(x,y) be the statement x can fool y, where the domain consists of all

people in the world. Use quantifier to express each of these statements.

a. Everybody can fool Fred.

b. Evelyn can fool everybody.

c. Everybody can fool somebody.

d. There is no one who can fool everybody.

e. Everyone can be fooled be somebody.

f. No one can fooled by somebody.

g. No one can fool both Fred and Jerry

h. Nancy can fool exactly two people.

i. There is exactly one person whom everybody can fool.

j. No one can fool himself or herself.

k. There is someone who can fool exactly one person besides himself or

herself.

13.Express each of these mathematical statements using predicates, quantifier,

logical connectives and mathematical operators, where the domain consists

of all integers.

a. The product of two negative integers is positive.

b. The average of two positive integers is positive.

c. The difference of two negative integers is not necessarily negative.

d. The absolute value of the sum of two integers does not exceed the

sum of the absolute values of the integers.

14.Use rules of reference to show that the hypotheses Randy works hard, if

Randy is dull boy, then he will not get the job imply the conclusion Randy

will not get the job.

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