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Taylor Alison Swift

Taylor Swift

Swift performing in St. Louis, Missouri, during the 2013 Red Tour

Background information

Birth name

Taylor Alison Swift


December 13, 1989 (age 25)

Reading, Pennsylvania, U.S.




pop rock
record producer

Years active



Big Machine


Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. Raised
in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee, at the age of 14 to pursue a
career in country music. She signed with the independent label Big Machine Records and became
the youngest songwriter ever hired by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house. The release of
Swift's self-titled debut album in 2006 established her as a country music star. Her third single, "Our
Song," made her the youngest person to single-handedly write and perform a number-one song on
the Hot Country Songs chart. She received a Best New Artist nomination at the2008 Grammy
Swift's second album, Fearless, was released in 2008. Buoyed by the pop crossover success of the
singles "Love Story" and "You Belong with Me," Fearless became the best-selling album of 2009 in
the United States. The album won four Grammy Awards, with Swift becoming the youngest
ever Album of the Year winner. Swift's third and fourth albums, 2010's Speak Now and 2012's Red,
both sold over one million copies within the first week of their U.S release. Speak Now won two
Grammy Awards, while Red's singles "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and "I Knew You
Were Trouble" were worldwide hits. Swift's fifth album, the pop-focused 1989, was released in 2014.
It sold more copies in its opening week than any album in the previous 12 years, and made Swift the
first and only act to have three albums sell more than one million copies in the opening release
week. The singles "Shake It Off" and "Blank Space" both reached number one on the Billboard Hot
Swift is known for narrative songs about her personal experiences. As a songwriter, she has been
honored by the Nashville Songwriters Association and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Swift's other
achievements include seven Grammy Awards, twelveBillboard Music Awards, eleven Country Music
Association Awards, seven Academy of Country Music Awards and one Brit Award. She is one of
the best-selling artists of all time, having sold over 40 million albums27.1 million of them in the
U.S.and 130 million single downloads, and is among the top five music artists who have sold the
most digital music worldwide.
In addition to her music career, Swift has appeared as an actress in the ensemble
comedy Valentine's Day (2010), the animated filmThe Lorax (2012) and The Giver (2014). As a
philanthropist, Swift supports arts education, children's literacy, natural disaster relief,LGBT antidiscrimination activities and charities for sick children.

1 Life and career


1.1 19892004: Early life

1.2 200408: Career beginnings and Taylor Swift

1.3 200810: Fearless

1.4 201012: Speak Now

1.5 201214: Red and media scrutiny

1.6 2014present: Full Transition to Pop and 1989

2 Artistry

2.1 Influences

2.2 Lyrical themes and style

2.3 Musical and vocal style

2.4 Public image

3 Impact and recognition


3.1 Music industry

4 Product endorsements

5 Acting career

6 Philanthropy

7 Personal life

7.1 Family

7.2 Residences

7.3 Wealth

7.4 Relationships

7.5 Politics

8 Awards and achievements

9 Discography

10 Concert tours

11 Filmography

11.1 Film

11.2 Television

12 See also

13 References

14 External links

Life and career

19892004: Early life
Swift was born on December 13, 1989, in West Reading, Pennsylvania.[1] Her father, Scott Kingsley
Swift, is a Merrill Lynch financial adviser.[2][3] Scott was raised in Pennsylvania and is the descendant
of three generations of bank presidents.[4][5] Her mother, Andrea (ne Finlay), is a homemaker who
previously worked as a mutual fund marketing executive.[6] Andrea, though American, spent the first
10 years of her life in Singapore, before returning to the U.S. and settling in Texasher own father
was an engineer who worked throughout Southeast Asia. [5] Swift grew up with one sibling, her
younger brother, Austin.[7]
Swift spent the early years of her life on an 11-acre Christmas-tree farm in Cumru Township,
Pennsylvania.[8] Swift's family owned several Quarter horses and a Shetland pony, and her first
hobby was English horse riding.[9] Her mother first put her in a saddle when she was nine months old
and she later competed in horse shows.[10] Swift attended preschool and kindergarten at the Alvernia
Montessori School, run by Franciscan nuns,[11] before moving to the Wyndcroft School, a co-ed
private school.[12] Swift and her brother were raised in accordance with the Presbyterian faith and
attended Vacation Bible School.[13][14]
When Swift was nine years old, the family moved to a rented house in the suburban town
of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania,[15] where she attended West Reading Elementary Center
and Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High School.[16] Swift summered at her parents' waterfront
vacation home in Stone Harbor, New Jersey, and described it as the place "where most of my
childhood memories were formed."[17]
During early adolescence, Swift became interested in musical theater and performed in numerous
Berks Youth Theatre Academy productions, including Bye Bye Birdie.[18] Swift also traveled regularly
to Broadway for vocal and acting lessons.[19] Swift then turned her attention to country musicShania
Twain's songs made her "want to just run around the block four times and daydream about
everything."[20] She spent her weekends performing at local festivals, coffeehouses, fairs, karaoke
contests, garden clubs, Boy Scout meetings and sporting events. [5][6][21] At the age of 11, after many
failed attempts,[22] Swift won a local talent competition and was given the opportunity to appear as the
opening act for Charlie Daniels.[23]
After watching a Behind the Music episode about Faith Hill, Swift felt sure that she needed to go to
Nashville, Tennessee, to pursue a music career.[24] At the age of 11, she traveled with her mother to
Nashville to submit a demo, of Dolly Parton and Dixie Chicks karaoke covers, with record labels
along Music Row.[25] She received label rejections and realized that "everyone in that town wanted to
do what I wanted to do. So, I kept thinking to myself, I need to figure out a way to be different." [26]
At the age of 12, Swift was taught how to play three chords on a guitar, inspiring her to write her first
song, "Lucky You."[27] She had previously won a national poetry contest with a poem titled "Monster in
My Closet," but now began to focus on songwriting.[28] In 2003, Swift and her parents started working
with New York-based music manager Dan Dymtrow. With Dymtrow's help, Swift modelled
for Abercrombie & Fitch as part of their "Rising Stars" campaign, had an original song included on
a Maybelline compilation CD, and attended meetings with major record labels.[29] After performing
original songs at an RCA Records showcase, the eighth-grader was given an artist development
deal and began making frequent trips to Nashville with her mother.[30] When Swift was fourteen, her

father transferred to the Nashville office of Merrill Lynch and the family relocated to a lakefront house
in Hendersonville, Tennessee:[4]
My parents took all the pressure off by saying, "We're just moving because we love the area, so
don't worry." They knew nothing about the industry and had no involvement in entertainment, but I
was obsessed with it and so they did their research and read up about it to help me in every way
they could. They're amazing people.[31]
In Tennessee, Swift attended Hendersonville High School for her freshman and sophomore years.
Later, to accommodate her touring schedule, Swift transferred to the Aaron Academy, a private
Christian school which offered homeschooling services. She maintained a 4.0 grade average and
earned her high school diploma in 2008, having completed her final two years of course work in 12

200408: Career beginnings and Taylor Swift

Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee, at the age of 14. In 2004, [35] she signed an artist development
deal with RCA Records and was the youngest songwriter to sign a publishing deal with Sony/ATV.
Swift proceeded to work with experienced Music Row songwriters such as Troy Verges, Brett
Beavers, Brett James, Mac McAnally and The Warren Brothers.[37][38] She eventually formed a lasting
working relationship with Liz Rose. Swift saw Rose performing at an RCA songwriter event and
suggested that they write together.[39] They began meeting for two-hour writing sessions every
Tuesday afternoon after school.[40] Rose has said that the sessions were "some of the easiest I've
ever done. Basically, I was just her editor. She'd write about what happened in school that day. She
had such a clear vision of what she was trying to say. And she'd come in with the most incredible
hooks."[41] Swift also began recording demos with producer Nathan Chapman.[39]
After performing at a BMI Songwriter's Circle showcase at The Bitter End, New York, in 2004,[38]
Swift became the youngest songwriter ever hired by the Sony/ATV Tree publishing house.[43] Swift
left RCA Records when she was 15the company wanted her to record the work of other
songwriters and wait until she was eighteen to release an album, but she felt ready to launch her
career with her own material.[22][44] Swift later recalled: "I genuinely felt that I was running out of time. I
wanted to capture these years of my life on an album while they still represented what I was going
through."[45] She also parted ways with manager Dan Dymtrow, who later took legal action against
Swift and her parents. In 2010, a judge nullified six of Dymtrow's legal claims. The remaining unjustenrichment claim was settled out of court.[29][46][46]
At an industry showcase at Nashville's Bluebird Cafe in 2005, Swift caught the attention of Scott
Borchetta, a DreamWorks Records executive who was preparing to form his own independent
record label, Big Machine Records. She became one of the label's first signings, with her father
purchasing a three per cent stake in the fledgling company at an estimated cost of $120,000. [47][48] As
an introduction to the country music business, Borchetta arranged for Swift to intern as an artist
escort at the CMA Music Festival.[49]

Swift performing at the Maverick Saloon & Grill in Santa Maria, California in 2006

Swift began working on her eponymous debut album shortly after signing her record deal. After
experimenting with veteran Nashville producers, Swift persuaded Big Machine to hire her demo
producer Nathan Chapman. It was his first time recording a studio album but Swift felt they had the
right "chemistry."[22] Swift wrote three of the album's songs alone, including two singles, and co-wrote
the remaining eight with writers including Rose, Robert Ellis Orrall and Angelo Petraglia.[50] Musically,
the album has been described as "a mix of trad-country instruments and spry rock guitars." [51]
Taylor Swift was released on October 24, 2006. The New York Times described it as "a small
masterpiece of pop-minded country, both wide-eyed and cynical, held together by Ms. Swift's firm,
pleading voice."[52] The New Yorker's Sasha Frere-Jones described the sixteen-year-old Swift as a
"prodigy." He noted that "Our Song" "stop[ped] me in my tracks" and praised the lyrics: "He's got a
one-hand feel on the steering wheel, the other on my heart." [53] Rolling Stone described Swift as
"bright-eyed but remarkably seasoned," and admired "Our Song"'s "insanely hooky sing-song
melody that's as Britney as it is Patsy."[51]

Swift performing at Yahoo!headquarters in Sunnyvale, California in 2007

Big Machine Records was still in its infancy upon the release of the lead single "Tim McGraw" in
June 2006, and Swift and her mother helped "stuff the CD singles into envelopes to send to
radio."[54] She spent much of 2006 promoting Taylor Swiftin a radio tour and later commented, "Radio
tours for most artists last six weeks. Mine lasted six months."[22] Swift baked cookies and painted
canvases to gift to radio station programmers who played her music.[55] She made many television
appearances, including on the Grand Ole Opry,[56] Good Morning America,[57] and TRL.[58] Swift, a selfdescribed "kid of the internet," used Myspace to build a fanbase.[59] This was, at the time,
"revolutionary in country music."[60] Borchetta has said that his decision to sign a 16-year-old singersongwriter initially raised eyebrows among his record industry peers but Swift tapped into a
previously unknown market: teenage girls who listen to country music. [60]
Following "Tim McGraw", four further singles were released throughout 2007 and 2008: "Teardrops
on My Guitar", "Our Song", "Picture to Burn" and "Should've Said No". All were highly successful on
the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart, with "Our Song" and "Should've Said No" both reaching
number one. "Our Song" made Swift the youngest person to single-handedly write and sing a
number-one country song.[61] "Teardrops on My Guitar" became a minor pop hit; it reached number
thirteen on the Billboard Hot 100.[62] The album sold 39,000 copies during its first week of
release[63] and, as of March 2011, had sold over 5.5 million copies worldwide. [64] Swift also released a
holiday album, Sounds of the Season: The Taylor Swift Holiday Collection, in October 2007, and an
EP, Beautiful Eyes, in July 2008.[65][66]
Swift toured extensively in support of Taylor Swift. In addition to her own material, Swift played
covers of songs by Beyonc, Rihanna, John Waite, Lynyrd Skynyrd andEminem.[67][68][69] She
conducted meet-and-greet sessions with fans before and after her concertsthese lasted for up to
four hours.[70] As well as festival and theater dates, Swift performed as an opening act for several
country artists' concert tours. In late 2006, she opened for Rascal Flatts on the final nine dates of

their Me & My Gang Tour, after the previous supporting act Eric Church was fired.[57] Swift later sent
Church her first gold record with a note: "Thanks for playing 'too long' and 'too loud' on the Flatts
tour. I sincerely appreciate it. Taylor."[71] In 2007, she served as the opening act on twenty dates
for George Strait's tour,[72] several dates on Kenny Chesney's Flip-Flop Summer Tour,[73] selected
dates on Brad Paisley's Bonfires & Amplifiers Tour[74] and several dates for Tim McGraw and Hill's
joint Soul2Soul II Tour.[75] Swift again opened for Rascal Flatts on their Still Feels Good Tour in 2008.

Swift and Alan Jackson were jointly named the Nashville Songwriters Association's Songwriter/Artist
of the Year in 2007, with Swift becoming the youngest person ever to be honored with the title. [77] She
also won the Country Music Association's Horizon Award for Best New Artist,[78] the Academy of
Country Music Awards's Top New Female Vocalist award[79] and the American Music Awards's
Favorite Country Female Artist honor.[80] She was also nominated for a 2008 Grammy Award in the
category of Best New Artist, but lost to Amy Winehouse.[81]

200810: Fearless
Swift's second studio album, Fearless, was released on November 11, 2008. Swift wrote seven of
the album's songs alone, including two singles, and co-wrote the remaining six with songwriters
Rose, John Rich, Colbie Caillat and Hillary Lindsey.[82] She co-produced the album with Nathan
Chapman.[82] Musically, it has been said that the record is characterized by "loud, lean guitars and
rousing choruses," with the occasional "bit of fiddle and banjo tucked into the mix." [83]
The New York Times described Swift as "one of pop's finest songwriters, country's foremost
pragmatist and more in touch with her inner life than most adults."[84] The Village Voice felt she
displayed "preternatural wisdom and inclusiveness," "masterfully avoiding the typical diarist's pitfalls
of trite banality and pseudo-profound bullshit."[85] Rolling Stonedescribed her as "a songwriting savant
with an intuitive gift for verse-chorus-bridge architecture" whose "squirmingly intimate and true"
songs seemed to be "literally ripped from a suburban girl's diary." [83] Music critic Robert
Christgau characterized Swift as "an uncommonly-to-impossibly strong and gifted teenage girl." [86]
Swift, who now owned her own management company led by Robert Allen, [87]
promoted Fearless heavily upon its release. An episode of The Ellen DeGeneres Show was
dedicated to the album launch and Swift appeared on many other chat shows. [60][89] She
communicated with fans using social media platforms such as Twitter and personal video blogs and
co-hosted the pre-show for the 2008 MTV Video Music Awards.[60]
The lead single from the album, "Love Story", was released in September 2008 and became the
second-best-selling country single of all time, peaking at number four on theBillboard Hot 100 chart.
Four more singles were released throughout 2008 and 2009: "White Horse", "You Belong with
Me", "Fifteen" and "Fearless". "You Belong with Me" was the album's highest-charting single,
peaking at number two on the Billboard Hot 100.[91]
The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 Album Chart with sales of 592,304, and has
since sold over 8.6 million copies worldwide.[92] It was the top-selling album of 2009 and brought Swift
much crossover success.[93]

Swift performing in thePrudential Center in New Jersey during the Fearless Tour in 2010

Swift went on her first headlining tour in support of Fearless. As part of the 105-date Fearless Tour,
Swift played 90 dates in North America, six dates in Europe, eight dates in Australia and one date in
Asia.[94] She sang a cover of Justin Timberlake's "What Goes Around... Comes Around" nightly,
intertwined with her own "You're Not Sorry".[95] Swift invited Hill, John Mayer, and Katy Perry to
perform one-off duets with her at various dates during the North American tour, while Justin
Bieber, Kellie Pickler and Gloriana were the support acts.[96] The tour was attended by more than 1.1
million fans and grossed over $63 million.[97]
Taylor Swift: Journey to Fearless, a concert film, was aired on television and later released on DVD
and Blu-ray.[98] Swift also performed as a supporting act for Keith Urban's Escape Together World
Tour.[99] In addition to tour dates, the singer paid tribute to a number of fellow artists in televised
performances. She performed a cover of Alan Jackson's "Drive" at the CMT Giants: Alan
Jackson event, took part in a joint, televised concert with rock band Def Leppard in Nashville, and
performed a cover of Strait's "Run" at a televised ACM event honoring Strait as the Artist of the
Decade.[100] Swift sang her song "Fifteen" with Miley Cyrus at the 51st Grammy Awards and
performed a self-penned rap skit with T-Pain at the CMT Awards.[101]
Swift also recorded a number of side-projects. She released a cover of Tom Petty's "American Girl"
through Rhapsody in 2009,[102] and made her stage entrance to Petty's recording of the song until
2013.[103] She contributed backing vocals to Mayer's "Half of My Heart", a single featured on his fourth
album.[104] She co-wrote and recorded "Best Days of Your Life" with Kellie Pickler[105] and co-wrote two
songs for the Hannah Montana: The Movie soundtrack"You'll Always Find Your Way Back Home"
and "Crazier"with Martin Johnson and Robert Ellis Orrall, respectively.[106]Swift also provided vocals
for Boys Like Girls's "Two Is Better Than One", written by Martin Johnson.[107] She contributed two
songsincluding "Today Was a Fairytale"to the Valentine's Day soundtrack,[108] and recorded a
cover of Better Than Ezra's "Breathless" for the Hope for Haiti Now album.[109]

Swift performing in Los Angeles during the Fearless Tour in 2010

Swift became the first country music artist to win an MTV Video Music Award when "You Belong with
Me" was named Best Female Video in 2009.[110] Her acceptance speech was interrupted by
rapper Kanye West, who had been involved in a number of other award show incidents.[111]In the
event's press room, Swift, a fan of West's music,[112] said that she did not have "any hard feelings"
toward him.[113][114] The incident received much media attention and inspired many Internet memes.
A few days later, Swift told an interviewer that West offered her a personal apology, which she
accepted: "He was very sincere."[110] She refused to discuss the incident in subsequent interviews so
as not to make a "bigger deal" of it: "It happened on TV, so everybody saw what happened ... It's not
something I feel like we need to keep talking about." [116] It has been said that the incident and
subsequent media attention turned Swift into "a bona-fide mainstream celebrity." [117]
Swift won four Grammy Awards in 2010, from a total of eight nominations.[118] Fearless was
named Album of the Year and Best Country Album, while "White Horse" was named Best Country
Song and Best Female Country Vocal Performance.[119] She was the youngest ever artist to win
Album of the Year.[120]
During the 2010 Grammy Awards ceremony, Swift sang "You Belong with Me" and "Rhiannon"
with Stevie Nicks. Her vocal performance received negative reviews and sparked a widespread
media backlash.[117][121] Her vocals were described variously as "badly off-key," "strikingly bad" and
"incredibly wretched."[122][123] While The New York Times found it "refreshing to see someone so gifted
make the occasional flub" and described Swift as "the most important new pop star of the past few
years,"[120] music analyst Bob Lefsetz predicted that her career would end "overnight." He publicly
appealed to Swift's father to hire a "crisis publicity agent" to manage the story because "Taylor's too
young and dumb to understand the mistake she made." [124][125] Stevie Nicks, writing in Time, defended
the singer:
Taylor reminds me of myself in her determination and her childlike nature. It's an innocence that's so
special and so rare. This girl writes the songs that make the whole world sing, like Neil Diamond or
Elton John ... The female rock-'n'-roll-country-pop songwriter is back, and her name is Taylor Swift.
And it's women like her who are going to save the music business.[126]
Fearless won many other accolades and has become the most-awarded album in country music
history.[127] Swift became the youngest ever artist and one of only six women to be named Entertainer
of the Year by the Country Music Association.[128] Fearless also won the Association's Album of the
Year award.[128] Swift was the youngest ever artist to win the Academy of Country Music's Album of
the Year honor.[129] The American Music Awards honored Swift with Artist of the Year and Favorite
Country Album plaudits.[130] She was awarded the Hal David Starlight Award by the Songwriters Hall
of Fame[131] and was named Songwriter/Artist of the Year by the Nashville Songwriters Association.
Billboard named her 2009's Artist of the Year.[133] Swift was included in Time' s annual list of the 100
Most Influential People in 2010.[134]

201012: Speak Now

Swift released her third studio album, Speak Now, on October 25, 2010. She wrote all 14 songs
alone and co-produced the record with longtime collaborator Chapman. [135]Musically, it has been said
that the album "expands beyond country-pop to border both alternative rock and dirty bubblegum
The New York Times described the album as savage, musically diverse and "excellent too, possibly
her best."[135] The Village Voice remarked that the album demanded "a true appreciation of Swift's
talent, which is not confessional, but dramatic: Like a procession of country songwriters before her,
she creates characters and situationssome from lifeand finds potent ways to describe
them."[137] Music critic Robert Christgau found the album's songs "overlong and overworked" but
remarked that "they evince an effort that bears a remarkable resemblance to carethat is, to caring
in the best, broadest, and most emotional sense."[86] Rolling Stone described Swift as one of the best
songwriters in "pop, rock or country": "Swift might be a clever Nashville pro who knows all the
hitmaking tricks, but she's also a high-strung, hyper-romantic gal with a melodramatic streak the size
of the Atchafalaya Swamp."[138]
Swift carried out an extensive promotional campaign prior to Speak Now's release.[139] She appeared
on various talk shows and morning shows, and gave free mini-concerts in unusual locations,
including an open-decker bus on Hollywood Boulevard and a departure lounge at JFK airport.[140] She
took part in a "guitar pull" alongside Kris Kristofferson,Emmylou Harris, Vince Gill and Lionel
Richie at LA's Club Nokia. The musicians shared the stage and took turns introducing and playing
acoustic versions of their songs to raise money for the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum.[141]

The album's lead single, "Mine", was released in August 2010, and five further singles were released
throughout 2010 and 2011: "Back to December", "Mean", "The Story of Us", "Sparks Fly" and "Ours".
Speak Now was a major commercial success, debuting at number one on the US Billboard 200
chart. Its opening sales of 1,047,000 copies made it the 16th album in U.S. history to sell one million
copies in a single week.[144] As of February 2012, Speak Now had sold over 5.7 million copies

Swift performing inNewark, New Jersey during the Speak Now World Tour in 2011

Swift toured throughout 2011 and early 2012 in support of Speak Now. As part of the 13-month, 111date world tour, Swift played seven shows in Asia, twelve shows in Europe, 80 shows in North
America, and 12 shows in Oceania.[147]
Swift invited many musicians to join her for one-off duets during the North American tour.
Appearances were made by Bieber, McGraw, James Taylor, Jason Mraz, Shawn Colvin, Johnny

Rzeznik, Andy Grammer, Selena Gomez, Tal Bachman, Nicki Minaj, Nelly, B.o.B, Usher, Flo
Rida, T.I.,Jon Foreman, Jim Adkins, Hayley Williams, Hot Chelle Rae, Ronnie Dunn, Darius Rucker,
and Kenny Chesney.[148][149] During the North American tour leg, Swift wrote different song lyrics on her
left arm for each performance, and said that the lyrics should be viewed as a nightly "mood ring." [150]
Swift also performed numerous acoustic cover versions during her North American tour. In each
city, she paid tribute to a homegrown artist.[152] She said the cover versions allowed her to be
"spontaneous" in an otherwise well-rehearsed show.[153] The tour was attended by over 1.6 million
fans and grossed over $123 million.[147] Swift's first live album, Speak Now World Tour: Live, featuring
all 17 performances from the North American leg of the tour, was released in November 2011. [154]

Swift performing in Sydneyduring the Speak Now World Tour in 2012

At the 54th Annual Grammy Awards, Swift's song "Mean" won Best Country Song and Best Country
Solo Performance.[155] She also performed the song during the ceremony. Lefsetz, one of the most
vocal critics of her 2010 Grammy performance, believes the song is addressed to him. [156][157] Lefsetz
had previously been a supporter of the singer's career,[158] and Swift and Lefsetz had corresponded
occasionally by email and telephone.[156] Time felt she "delivered her comeback on-key and with a
vengeance"[159] while USA Todayremarked that the criticism in 2010 seemed to have "made her a
better songwriter and live performer."[160]
Swift won various other awards for Speak Now. She was named Songwriter/Artist of the Year by the
Nashville Songwriters Association in both 2010 and 2011.[161][162] She was named Entertainer of the
Year by the Academy of Country Music in both 2011 and 2012,[163] and was named Entertainer of the
Year by the Country Music Association in 2011.[164] Swift was the American Music Awards's Artist of
the Year in 2011, whileSpeak Now was named Favorite Country Album.[165] Billboard named Swift
2011's Woman of the Year.[166]
While Swift was completing her fourth album in the summer of 2012, Taylor invited her to appear as
a special guest during his Tanglewood setthey performed "Fire and Rain", "Love Story" and "Ours"
together.[167] Taylor, who first met Swift when she was 18, has said that, "we just hit it off. I loved her
songs, and her presence on stage was so great."[168][169]
During this period, Swift also contributed two original songs to The Hunger Games soundtrack
album. "Safe & Sound" was co-written and recorded with The Civil Wars and T-Bone Burnett.[170] John
Paul White has said working with Swift was "a revelation ... It truly was a collaboration."[171] It was
released as the album's lead single and, as of January 2013, has sold over 1.4 million copies in the
U.S.[172] It won Best Song Written For Visual Media at the 2013 Grammy Awards and was nominated
for Best Original Song at the 70th Golden Globe Awards.[173] Swift's second contribution to the
album, "Eyes Open", was written solely by the singer and produced by Chapman.[174] In addition,

Swift contributed vocals to "Both of Us", a Dr. Luke-produced single from B.o.B's second
album Strange Clouds.[175]

201214: Red and media scrutiny

Swift's fourth studio album, Red, was released on October 22, 2012.[176] She wrote nine of the
album's 16 songs alone, while the remaining seven were co-written with Rose, Max Martin, Dan
Wilson, Ed Sheeran, and Gary Lightbody. Chapman served as the album's lead producer but Jeff
Bhasker, Butch Walker, Jacknife Lee, Dann Huff and Shellback also produced individual tracks.
Chapman said he encouraged Swift "to branch out and to test herself in other situations." [177]
Musically, while there is experimentation with heartland rock, dubstep and dance-pop, it is "sprinkled
among more recognisably Swiftian fare."[178][179] Jon Caramanica of The New York
Times found Red "less detailed and more rushed than her usual fare"[180] but placed it at number two
on his end-of-year list, characterizing it as the album on which Swift "stops pretending she's anything
but a pop megastar, one with grown-up concerns, like how two bodies speak to each other and how
taste in records can be a stand-in for moral turpitude."[181] The Times praised her "sublime" lyrics,
particularly those on the "brooding" "All Too Well".[182] Rolling Stone enjoyed "watching Swift find her
pony-footing on Great Songwriter Mountain. She often succeeds in joining the Joni/Carole
King tradition of stark-relief emotional mapping ... Her self-discovery project is one of the best stories
in pop."[183]

Swift performing in St. Louis, Missouri during the 2013 Red Tour

As part of the Red promotional campaign, representatives from 72 worldwide radio stations were
flown to Nashville during release week for individual interviews with Swift. [184] She also appeared on
many television chat shows and performed at award ceremonies in the U.S., the UK, Germany,
France, Spain and Australia.[185]
The album's lead single, "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together", became Swift's first number
one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart.[186] Six further singles were released: "Begin Again" (for
country radio), "I Knew You Were Trouble", "22", "Everything Has Changed", "The Last Time" (all for
pop and international radio) and "Red" (for country radio). Red debuted at number one on
the Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.21 million copiesthis marked the highest opening sales
in a decade and made Swift the first female to have two million-selling album openings. [187] As of May
2013, Red had sold over 6 million copies worldwide.[188] As of November 2012, she had sold in
excess of 26 million albums and 75 million song downloads.[189]
The North American leg of Swift's Red Tour ran from March to September 2013. She played 66
dates across North America, including 13 stadium shows. The Red Tour visited stadiums across New
Zealand and Australia in December 2013, visited England and Germany in February 2014, and
finished with a six-date Asian leg in June 2014.[190] Swift invited special guests such as Carly

Simon, Tegan and Sara, Jennifer Lopez, Luke Bryan,Patrick Stump of Fall Out Boy, Ellie
Goulding, Nelly, Sara Bareilles, Cher Lloyd, B.o.B, Lightbody, Train, Neon Trees, Flatts, Hunter
Hayes, Emeli Sand and Sam Smith to duet with her on various nights of the tour.[191]
Swift collaborated with a number of other artists during the Red era. She co-wrote "Sweeter Than
Fiction" with Jack Antonoff for the One Chance movie soundtrack, and received a Best Original
Song nomination at the 71st Golden Globe Awards.[192][193] She provided guest vocals for a McGraw
song titled "Highway Don't Care", featuring guitar work by Urbanthe trio performed the song live on
three occasions.[194] She performed an acoustic version of "Red" with Vince Gill and Alison Krauss at
the 2013 CMA Awards.[195] Swift performed "As Tears Go By" with The Rolling Stones in Chicago as
part of their 50 & Counting... tour.[196] She also joined Florida Georgia Line on stage during their set at
the 2013 Country Radio Seminar to sing "Cruise".[197]

Swift performing in Los Angeles during the 2013 Red Tour

Red did not win any Grammy Awards, but was nominated in a total of four categories. "We Are Never
Ever Getting Back Together" was a Record of the Year nominee at the 2013 Grammy Awards,
while Red was an Album of the Year nominee at the 2014 Grammy Awards. Similarly, Swift's fourth
album did not win any awards at the Country Music Association's annual ceremony. However, Swift
was honored by the Association with a special Pinnacle Award for "unique" levels of success; Garth
Brooks is the only other recipient. McGraw, Hill, Urban, Flatts, Strait and Brad Paisley presented
Swift with the award, while Mick Jagger, Simon, Julia Roberts, Reese Witherspoon, Ethel Kennedy
and Justin Timberlake recorded video messages. The New York Times considered it an attempt to
persuade "country music's cash cow, its creative engine, its ambassador to the wider world" to
remain within the genre[198] while The New Yorker wondered whether "it may have been the moment
when Swift and the genre that helped steer her toward pop domination said goodbye." [199]
Swift won three MTV Europe Music Awards in 2012, including the honors for Best Female and Best
Live Act.[200] "I Knew You Were Trouble" wonBest Female Video at the 2013 MTV Video Music
Awards.[201] She was named Best Female Country Artist at the 2012 American Music Awards and was

named Artist of the Year at the 2013 ceremony.[202] The Nashville Songwriters Association's
Songwriter/Artist Award went to Swift for the fifth and sixth consecutive years in 2012 and 2013. [203]
In the Red era, Swift's romantic life became the subject of intense media scrutiny. Gawker remarked
that Swift had dated "every man in the universe."[204] The Westboro Baptist Church protested Swift's
concerts, labelling her "the whorish face of doomed America," while Abercrombie & Fitch marketed a
slogan T-shirt with a "slut-shaming" Swift reference.[205] The New York Times asserted that her "dating
history has begun to stir what feels like the beginning of a backlash" and questioned whether Swift
was in the midst of a "quarter-life crisis."[206] The Village Voicesuggested that Swift's embrace of
"traditional femininity" was the cause of the backlash: "She's young, she can be contentiously
dramatic, she puts herself in the center of her stories, and obviously she's dated a lot of famous
people in a relatively short amount of time. But none of that is exceptionally rare." [207]
The dating issue emerged at the 2013 Golden Globes award ceremony, where comediennes Tina
Fey and Amy Poehler made a joke about Swift's serial-dating reputation, with Fey telling Swift to stay
away from the son of Michael J. Fox.[208] Swift was later asked about the incident in aVanity
Fair profile: "I can laugh at myself [but it added to] everyone jumping on the bandwagon of 'Taylor
dates too much.'" Elsewhere in the article, while discussing what the journalist describes as "the
Golden Globes, and mean girls in general," Swift approvingly quoted Madeline Albright's remark that,
"There's a special place in hell for women who don't help other women." [209]

2014present: Full Transition to Pop and 1989

In July 2014, Swift wrote an op-ed for the Wall Street Journal, in which she discussed her
perspectives on musicianship and its relation to the music industry.[210] "Shake It Off," the first official
single from Swift's fifth studio album, 1989, was released on August 18, 2014, and she was
announced as a contestant advisor for The Voice television show shortly afterward.[211]
During the composition period for 1989, Swift was inspired by the music of Peter Gabriel, Phil
Collins, Annie Lennox, Madonna and Fine Young Cannibals.[212][213] The time period was also defined
by a new phase of independence for Swift, who informed Rolling Stone that she had "started
painting more" and "started to really take pride in being strong." [214]
For 1989, Swift wrote one song alone, and cowrote the remaining 12 with Antonoff, Martin,
Shellback, Imogen Heap, Ryan Tedder and Ali Payami.[215] TIME magazine explained that, musically,
the album is "driven by synths and drums in lieu of guitar."[216] Swift described 1989 as her first
"official" pop release and parted ways with members of her longtime band, explaining in January
2015 that her decision to undertake a new direction was solely her own. [214][217][218][219]
As part of the 1989 promotional campaign in September, Swift invited fans to secret album-listening
sessions, called the "1989 Secret Sessions," at her houses in New York, Nashville, Los Angeles and
Rhode Island.[220] Her "expert" use of various social media platforms was remarked upon by industry
analysts.[221] While in the UK to promote 1989, Swift performed a piano rendition of the song,
"Riptide," by Australian singer-songwriter Vance Joy, for BBC Radio 1's "Live Lounge" segment,
which aired on October 9, 2014.[222]
Swift's fifth studio album, 1989, was released on October 27, 2014.[223] The critical response
to 1989 was frequently positive, with TIME's Sam Lansky describing the album as a "paradigm
shift."[216] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone remarked: "Deeply weird, feverishly emotional, wildly
enthusiastic, 1989 sounds exactly like Taylor Swift, even when it sounds like nothing she's ever tried
before."[224] Alexis Petridis of The Guardian praised the album's "Springsteenesque narratives of
escape and the kind of doomed romantic fatalism in which 60s girl groups dealt On 1989 the
reasons she's afforded the kind of respect denied to her peers are abundantly obvious." [225]
1989 sold 1.287 million copies in its first week of U.S. release, debuting at number one on
the Billboard 200, making Swift the first and only act to release three albums that sold more than one
million copies in a week.[226] The second official single from the album, "Blank Space," was released

on November 10, 2014.[227] The singles, "Shake It Off" and "Blank Space", both reached number one
on the Billboard Hot 100.[223] 1989 later became the best-selling album of 2014, selling 3.66 million
copies, despite only being on sale for nine weeks.[228] As of February 2015, 1989 had sold over 8.6
million copies worldwide, making swift the best selling artist in 2014. [229]
On November 3, 2014, Swift removed her entire catalogwith the exception of a single song
from Spotify, as she believed that the streaming service undervalues music. [230]On the same day,
details of The 1989 World Tour were announcedthe tour will run from May to December 2015,
visiting Japan, the U.S., Canada, the UK, the Republic of Ireland, Germany, Holland and Australia.
Swift's primary support act for the tour is Joy, who will appear at North American, European and
Australian shows. Shawn Mendes, singer-songwriter James Bay and Californian band HAIM were
later announced as the support acts for select dates. [232][233][234][235][236]
Swift performed "Blank Space," as well as the 1989 track "Style," during the 2014 Victoria's Secret
Fashion Show in December 2014.[237] "Style" was then released as the third official single
from 1989 on February 9, 2015.[238] By February 13, Billboard reported that the single was number 18
on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart[239]

One of Swift's earliest musical memories is listening to her maternal grandmother, Marjorie Finlay
(ne Moehlenkamp), sing at church.[12][240] In her youth, Finlay was a television host in Puerto Rico,
and performed in operas in Thailand and Singapore.[5][241] As a very young child, Swift enjoyed Disney
movie soundtracks: "My parents noticed that, once I had run out of words, I would just make up my
own."[25][242] Later, her parents exposed her to artists such as James Taylor, Simon & Garfunkel and
Def Leppard.[243][244]
Swift has said she owes her confidence to her mother, who helped her prepare for class
presentations as a child.[245] She also attributes her "fascination with writing and storytelling" to her
mother.[246] Swift enjoyed both reading and writing poetry, and was particularly drawn to the works
of Shel Silverstein and Dr. Seuss.[5][247] She remains interested "in any writing from a child's
perspective" and has cited To Kill a Mockingbird as one of her favorite books.[55]

Shania Twain (left), Stevie Nicks (center) and Carly Simon (right) have influenced Swift

Swift was introduced to country music by "the great female country artists of the '90s ... Shania,
Faith, the Dixie Chicks."[67][248] She was drawn to both the sound and storytelling of country music.
Twain, both as a songwriter and performer, was her biggest musical influence. [250] Hill was Swift's
childhood role model and she told Billboard in 2011, "... when Faith Hill performed on an awards
show, everything matteredeverything she said, did, wore, I tried to copy it." [251][252] Swift admired the
Dixie Chicks's defiant attitude and their ability to play their own instruments. [5][253] The band's "Cowboy
Take Me Away" was the first song Swift learned to play on the guitar.[254]
Swift then began to explore the music of older country stars, including Cline, Loretta Lynn, Dolly
Parton and Tammy Wynette.[5][255] Lynn's "Fist City" is one of Swift's favorite country songs.[5] She
believes Parton is "an amazing example to every female songwriter out there." [252] Other mainstream
country influences include Miranda Lambert,[256] Dwight Yoakam,[257] Strait,[5] Garth Brooks,[67] Kenny
Chesney,[252] Reba McEntire,[258] Jackson,[5]Martina McBride,[259] Rimes,[260] McGraw[261] and Brad Paisley.
Swift also admires alt-country artists such asRyan Adams,[263] Patty Griffin,[264] Lori
McKenna[265] and Bon Iver.[266]
Swift has also been influenced by many artists outside the country genre. As a pre-teen, she
enjoyed bubblegum pop acts including Hanson and Britney Spears.[citation needed] In her high school years,
Swift listened to emo bands such as Dashboard Confessional,[267] Fall Out Boy,[268] The All-American
Rejects[269] and Jimmy Eat World.[270] She was also a fan of contemporary female singer-songwriters
including Ingrid Michaelson,[citation needed] Michelle Branch,[270] Pink,[271] Alanis Morissette,[272] Ashlee
Simpson,[273] Kelly Clarkson,[274] Fefe Dobson[270] and Avril Lavigne.[274]
Swift closely followed the musical supervision on the television dramas The O.C. and Grey's
Anatomy, downloading "every" song featured.[266] She is a fan of hip hop music, particularly the
rhyming patterns used by artists such as Eminem, stating that "Pride [in a lifestyle] is something that
both country and hip-hop share."[5] Swift also drew inspiration from the catalogues of veteran artists.
She describes Nicks as a "hero" who "has inspired me in so many ways." [172][275] Petty, she has said,
"is on a pedestal for me."[9] She is "obsessed" with Sixties acts like The Shirelles, Doris Troy and The
Beach Boys.[151][276] Influence also came from older female pop rock singers including Pat Benatar,[274]
Melissa Etheridge,[277] Sarah McLachlan,[272] Shawn Colvin[278] and Linda Ronstadt.[279][280]
Swift lists Paul McCartney, Bruce Springsteen, Emmylou Harris, Kris Kristofferson and Carly Simon
as her career role models: "They've taken chances, but they've also been the same artist for their
entire careers."[278][281][282] McCartney, both as a Beatle and a solo artist, makes Swift feel "as if I've
been let into his heart and his mind": "Any musician could only dream of a legacy like that." [283] She
admires Springsteen because he is "so musically relevant after such a long period of time." [284] She
aspires to be like Harris as she grows older: "It's not about fame for her, it's about music." [285] Swift
says of Kristofferson: "He shines in songwriting ... He's just one of those people who has been in this
business for years but you can tell it hasn't chewed him up and spat him out." [286] She admires
Simon's "songwriting and honesty": "She's known as an emotional person but a strong person." [287]

Lyrical themes and style

Thematically, The Guardian noted that Swift was "fantastically good at regarding teenage life with a
kind of wistful, sepia-toned nostalgia" over the course of her first two albums. [288] New York
Magazine remarked that few singer-songwriters have written "great records so explicitly about their
teens ... Her nearest antecedent might be sixties-eraBrian Wilson, the one true adolescent auteur
before she came along."[289] Comparisons have also been drawn with Janis Ian.[281]
Fairytale imagery featured on Swift's second album, Fearless. She explored the disconnect
"between fairy tales and the reality of love."[290][291] Her later albums address more adult relationships.
In addition to romance and love, Swift's songs have discussed parent-child relationships ("The
Best Day", "Never Grow Up", "Ronan"), friendships ("Fifteen", "Breathe", "22", "Bad Blood"), [292]
alienation ("The Outside", "A Place in This World", "Tied Together with a Smile", "Mean", "Shake It
Off"), the paparazzi ("The Lucky One", "I Know Places"), and career ambitions ("Change", "Long
It has been said that Swift's defining quality as a songwriter is "a determination to register and hang
onto fleeting feelings and impressions, a pre-emptive nostalgia for a present (and sometimes even a
future) that she knows will some day be in the past."[296] Swift frequently includes "a tossed-off phrase
to suggest large and serious things that won't fit in the song, things that enhance or subvert the
surface narrative."[297] The New Yorker has said that her songs, "though they are not subversive, have
a certain sophistication ... Sentimental songs are laced with intimations of future disillusionment." [298]
Structurally, Slate notes that Swift has "effortless, preternatural mastery of pop conventions: Very few
songwriters can build better bridges than she does." [299] Rolling Stonedescribed her as "a songwriting
savant with an intuitive gift for verse-chorus-bridge architecture." [300] The Village Voice noted that
Swift uses third-verse POV reversals frequently.[297]
In terms of imagery, a large degree of repetition is evident in Swift's songwriting. In the words of The
Guardian, "she spends so much time kissin' in the rain that it seems a miracle she hasn't
developed trenchfoot."[288] The writer added, "to Swift's credit, she explores new lyrical motifs over the
course of [her fourth] album."[179] American Songwriterdescribes Swift as "a great songwriter, who
writes with an unmatched and almost unnatural acuity ... Even her earliest material is characterized
by thoughtful perhaps meticulous word choice and deliberate melodic construction, with nary a
lazy rhyme or aimless tune to be found."[301][302] While reviews of Swift's work are "almost uniformly
positive," The New Yorker has said she is generally portrayed "more as a skilled technician than as
a Dylanesque visionary."[281]
"For a female to write about her feelings, and then be portrayed as some clingy, insane, desperate girlfriend in need
of making you marry her and have kids with her, I think that's taking something that potentially should be celebrated
a woman writing about her feelings in a confessional way that's taking it and turning it and twisting it into something
that is frankly a little sexist."
Swift in response to criticism of her songwriting[303]

Swift uses autobiographical detail in her work.[304] Listening to music as a child, she felt confused
"when I knew something was going on in someone's personal life and they didn't address it in their
The New York Times believes that "righting wrongs is Ms. Swift's raison d'tre." [306] In her songs, Swift
often addresses the "anonymous crushes of her high school years" and, more recently, fellow
celebrities.[306] Mayer, the presumed subject of "Dear John", has said the song "humiliated" him: "I
think it's kind of cheap songwriting. I know she's the biggest thing in the world, and I'm not trying to
sink anybody's ship, but I think it's abusing your talent to rub your hands together and go, 'Wait till he
gets a load of this!'"[307] The Village Voice has downplayed this aspect of Swift's songwriting: "Being
told What Songs Mean is like having a really pushy professor. And it imperils a true appreciation of
Swift's talent, which is not confessional, but dramatic."[308] New York Magazine believes the media
scrutiny over her decision to use autobiographical detail "is sexist, inasmuch as it's not asked of her
male peers": "It's a relief to see Swift, the ur-nice-girl, refuse to give the mea culpa that many
journalists she's talked to have sought."[309]

The singer herself has said that all her songs are not factual[310] and are often based on observations.
Aside from her liner note clues, Swift tries not to talk specifically about song subjects "because
these are real people. You try to give insight as to where you were coming from as a writer without
completely throwing somebody under the bus."[312]She lampooned herself while hosting Saturday
Night Live for the first time in 2009in a humorous song she wrote specifically for the episode,
entitled "Monologue Song," Swift jokingly sings about the audience expectation that she would write
a song about men who have "cheated" on her.[313] In 2014, Swift asserted that it is her personal policy
to never use real names in her lyrics.[314]

Musical and vocal style

Swift's music contains elements of pop, pop rock and country.[315][315][316] She self-identified as a country
artist until the 2014 release of 1989, which she has described as a "sonically cohesive pop
album."[317][318] Despite the pop direction of 1989, which the singer states was solely her decision and
not influenced by anyone else,[217] Swift intends to record further country music albums in the future.

Rolling Stone asserted that, "she might get played on the country station, but she's one of the few
genuine rock stars we've got these days."[319] The New York Times noted that, "There isn't much in
Ms. Swift's music to indicate countrya few banjo strums, a pair of cowboy boots worn onstage, a
bedazzled guitarbut there's something in her winsome, vulnerable delivery that's unique to
Nashville."[320] The New Yorker believes she is "considered part of Nashville's country-pop tradition
only because she writes narrative songs with melodic clarity and dramatic shapeNashville's stockin-trade."[321] The Guardian has said that Swift "cranks melodies out with the pitiless efficiency of a
Scandinavian pop factory."[288]
Swift's voice has been described as "sweet, but soft." [322] In studio recordings, the Los Angeles
Times identifies Swift's "defining" vocal gesture as "the line that slides down like a contented sigh or
up like a raised eyebrow, giving her beloved girl-time hits their air of easy intimacy." [136] Rolling Stone,
in a Speak Now review, remarked: "Swift's voice is unaffected enough to mask how masterful she
has become as a singer; she lowers her voice for the payoff lines in the classic mode of a shy girl
trying to talk tough."[323] In another review of Speak Now, The Village Voice noted that her phrasing
was previously "bland and muddled, but that's changed. She can still sound strained and thin, and
often strays into a pitch that drives some people crazy; but she's learned how to make words sound
like what they mean."[137]
In a live setting, Swift, according to The Hollywood Reporter, "does her best, but certainly doesn't
have the pipes to go toe-to-toe with the likes of Christina Aguilera or Carrie Underwood."[322] Her live
vocals were described in 2009 as "flat," "thin, and sometimes as wobbly as a newborn colt." [324]
However, Swift has received praise for refusing to correct her pitch with Auto-Tune.[326][327][328]
In an interview with The New Yorker, Swift characterized herself primarily as a songwriter: "I write
songs, and my voice is just a way to get those lyrics across."[4][329] Borchetta conceded in 2010 that
Swift is "not the best technical singer," but described her as the "best communicator that we've
got."[330] Swift's vocal presence is something that concerns her and she has "put a lot of work" into
improving it.[331] It was reported in 2010 that she continues to take vocal lessons.[332][333] She has said
that she only feels nervous performing "if I'm not sure what the audience thinks of me, like at award

Public image

Swift at the 2010 Time 100Gala, where she was honored

Swift has high Q Score and Davie-Brown Index ratings, reflecting a high level of public awareness
(90 percent) and popularity (80 percent) in the U.S. [335] The singer considers it her "responsibility" to
be conscious of her influence on young fans.[336] A Rolling Stone journalist who profiled Swift in 2009
remarked upon her polite manners: "If this is Swift's game face, it must be tattooed on because it
never drops."[55][337]
In 2012, Rolling Stone remarked upon Swift's "ease with glad-handing ... it's not hard to imagine her
running for office someday"[338] while The Hollywood Reporter described her as "the Best People
Person since Bill Clinton."[339] It has been said that she is "the kind of driven, intensely ambitious
person who'd thrive regardless of her profession."[340] A 2012 Vogue cover story described Swift as
"clever and funny and occasionally downright bawdy" in person.[341] Grantland describes Swift as
"dorky" and "openly neurotic in a way you'd never see from a blonde country princess like Faith Hill
or Carrie Underwood. She is more like Diane Keaton in Annie Hall: overly gracious and eager to
please but full of a nonstop, nervous, fluttering energy." [342]
During the period surrounding the release of 1989, Swift further developed her use of social media to
connect with her audience. In addition to the participation of 100 fans in the filming of the "Shake It
Off" music video,[343] Swift sent Christmas gifts to a selection of fans by post and in person. [344] Swift
also continued to assist fans who reached out to her on the Tumblr social media network at the start
of 2015.[345]
In the early years of her career, Swift's signature look consisted of sundresses and cowboy boots.[346]
This fashion style is still copied by many of the young fans who attend her concerts. [346][348] At
formal events, Swift became known for "sparkly, beaded dresses." [346] Her naturally curly hairstyle is
replicated by fans, and Swift has remarked: "I remember straightening my hair because I wanted to
be like everybody else, and now the fact that anybody would emulate what I do? It's just
funny."[348] She was asked byVogue to cut bangs for a cover shoot in late 2011, and now straightens
her hair.[349]
Swift favors retro style, and it has been said that she has the look of "a nineteen-thirties movie
siren ... red lipstick, thick mascara."[350][351] She was named an Icon of American Style by Vogue in
2011.[352] She has named Franoise Hardy, Jane Birkin, Brigitte Bardot, and Audrey Hepburn as her
own style inspirations.[353]

Impact and recognition

Swift speaking during aYouTube interview in 2011

Swift's work has received praise from veteran artists. Neil Young describes her as "a great writer": "I
like Taylor Swift. I like listening to her. I kind of like watching her respond to all the attacks. I like the
ways she's defining herself. So I keep my eye on it."[354][355] Stephen Stills defended Swift's
confessional writing style:
How many times do people want to make fun of [her] for writing a song about getting dumped? I'm
sorry, that's what you do as a songwriter ... Wear your heart on your sleeve, then just write about it.
Fuck 'em. If I was young, I would be one of Taylor Swift's conquests because I would stalk her.[356][357]

James Taylor, who performed with Swift on two occasions, said that "we just hit it off. I loved her
songs, and her presence on stage was so great."[168][169] Elvis Costello remarked: "I think she is quite
interesting ... You can see a degree of self-possession there, and I'm intrigued by that." [359] Judy
Collins points to Swift as an example of a current star who is continuing on the lineage of being an
independent-minded artist.[360]
In regard to Swift, Kristofferson said that "she blows me away. It's amazing to me that someone so
young is writing such great songs. She's got a great career ahead of her." [361][362] Janis Ian notes that
Swift "changed the face of music, songwriting and guitar playing for girls ... There is an authenticity
there."[363] Nicks believes Swift writes "songs that make the whole world sing, like Neil Diamond or
Elton John."[126] She remarked that the younger singer's "Today Was A Fairytale" has "stayed in my
heart forever. And it just reminds me of me in a lot of ways." [364]
Jon Bon Jovi describes her as "the real deal in every way, shape and form. She's a writer, she's a
singer, she's a beautiful girl ... Like, she's going to be around."[365] Parton is "extremely impressed with
her, especially with her songwriting ... I'm real impressed with the depth of her sometimes. She's got
the qualities that could last a long time."[366][367]Etheridge remarks: "I love her soul, her spirit. I think
she's going to surprise people and I think she's going to be around for a long time." [368][369]
Swift has also received songwriting praise from contemporaries. Mayer was a supporter of Swift's
early careerthe duo recorded a duet and performed in concert together on two occasions: "You
could put her in a time machine in any era and she would have a hit record." [370] She also received
praise from Drake,[371] Tegan and Sara,[372][373]Grimes,[374] Kesha,[375] Katy Perry,[376] Kelly
Clarkson[377] and Lady Gaga.[378]
Ryan Adams described her as one of the "most fucking amazing writers Ive ever seen. Ive sat in
this room with her before and heard a song she was constructing on the spot and it was
unbelievable. It was pure alchemy.[379] Kathleen Hanna is "totally into Taylor Swift. I think she has

super-clever lyrics, and I love that she writes her own music." [380]Shirley Manson remarked in
February 2010 that Swift is "exceedingly talented at songwriting ... She drew her own door and
walked right through it. We should applaud her balls for bucking the system. That's what artists are
supposed to do."[381] Lena Dunham, the creator and star of HBO's television series Girls, has
described Swift as her "artistic kindred spirit."[382]

Music industry
Swift's artistic principles have progressively developed over the course of her career and have
intermittently been publicized. In a July 2014 Wall Street Journal op-ed, Swift expressed her
optimism in regard to the music industry, emphasizing the ongoing importance of albums, the
increasing value of social media, and comparing a musician's relationship with fans to that of an
intimate partnership.[210] Swift informs readers in the piece's introductory paragraphs:
... you should know that you're reading the opinion of an enthusiastic optimist: one of the few living
souls in the music industry who still believes that the music industry is not dying it's just coming
alive. There are many (many) people who predict the downfall of music sales and the irrelevancy of
the album as an economic entity. I am not one of them. [383]
According to Swift, full-length studio albumsas opposed to the singles that consumers can cherrypick in online storescontinue to be "based on the amount of heart and soul an artist has bled into a
body of work." Swift acknowledges that "Piracy, file sharing and streaming have shrunk the numbers
of paid album sales drastically," but asserts that "people are still buying albums, but now they're
buying just a few of them." Swift explains that consumers now only buy the albums that "hit them like
an arrow through the heart or have made them feel strong or allowed them to feel like they really
aren't alone in feeling so alone."[383]
Swift also urges artists, like the "young girls" she meets, to recognize their true worth, and hopes
"they dont underestimate themselves or undervalue their art." For Swift, "Music is art, and art is
important and rare. Important, rare things are valuable. Valuable things should be paid for." In terms
of addressing the increasingly challenging market environment for musicians, Swift highlights the
importance of social mediarecounting her early MySpace campaignsthe element of surprise,
and the need for artists to continually conceive of "inventive ways of keeping their audiences on their
toes."[383][384] As part of her conclusion, Swift states:
This moment in music is so exciting because the creative avenues an artist can explore are limitless.
In this moment in music, stepping out of your comfort zone is rewarded, and sonic evolution is not
only accepted it is celebrated. The only real risk is being too afraid to take a risk at all. [383]
On November 3, 2014, Swift removed her entire catalogwith the exception of a single songfrom
Spotify after the indications of her disapproval of the streaming business model emerged in the July
2014 op-ed. Furthermore, she had previously delayed the streaming of her 2012 album, Red. Spotify
immediately launched a social media campaign to persuade Swift to return and, in a statement on its
website, claimed that 16 million of over 40 million users had played her music in the preceding 30day period.[230]
In mid-November, Swift's label head, Scott Borchetta said that Spotify paid Swift a total of $500,000
over the previous 12 months. Spotify responded to Borchetta, by clarifying that Swift had been paid
$2 million for global streaming over the year-long time frame. Spotify further explained: "We [Spotify]
paid Taylor [Swift]s label and publisher roughly half a million dollars in the month before she took her
catalog down".[230][385]
Musician Gene Simmons said in a December 2014 interview: "What Taylor Swift did is pretty smart.
She knows who her fan base is. She took all her stuff off the downloading platforms because she
says she isn't getting paid. Why should she work for free?" [386] Swift and Borchetta both told the
media that their action with Spotify was intended to make an impact more broadly.[387] Swift later told
the Telegraph's Mark Sutherland in February 2015 that she wasn't expecting the removal of her

catalog to generate the attention that it did, but said: "If I have an opinion on something, I act
accordinglyand I believe music is valuable."[388]

Product endorsements
While promoting her debut album, Swift appeared as a spokesmodel for l.e.i. jeans and as the face
of Verizon Wireless' Mobile Music campaign.[389][390] In the Fearless era, she launched a l.e.i. sundress
range at Wal-Mart,[391] and designed American Greetings cards and Jakks Pacific dolls.[392][393] She
became a spokesperson for the NHL's Nashville Predators and Sony Cyber-shot digital cameras.[394]
She performed in a commercial for the Band Hero video game, with Rivers Cuomo, Pete
Wentz and Travis Barkerappearing as her backing band.[396] In the Speak Now era, she released a
special edition of her album through Target.[397] Swift became a CoverGirl spokesmodel,[398] launched
two Elizabeth Arden fragrances, Wonderstruck and Wonderstruck Enchanted.
While promoting her fourth album Red, Swift offered exclusive album promotions through Target,
Papa John's Pizza[184] and Walgreens.[400] She became a spokesmodel forDiet
Coke and Keds sneakers,[401] released her third Elizabeth Arden fragrance titled Taylor by Taylor
Swift, and continued her partnerships with Sony Electronics and American Greetings. Swift also
partnered with a number of companies during the Red Tour; AirAsia and Qantas acted as the official
airlines for the Australian and Asian legs respectively, while Cornetto sponsored the Asian leg of the
tour. While promoting 1989, Swift had tie-ins with Subway, Keds, Target and Diet Coke. [402] In 2014,
Swift released her fourth fragrance Incredible Things.[403]

Acting career

Swift at the premiere ofHannah Montana: The Moviein 2009

Swift made her acting debut in a 2009 episode of CBS's CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, playing a
rebellious teenager.[404] The New York Timesnoted that the character allowed Swift to be "a little bit
naughty, and credibly so".[405] Rolling Stone felt she "held her own" and "does a good job with the
script"[406] while the Chicago Tribune said she "acquits herself well."[407] Later that year, Swift both
hosted and performed as the musical guest for an episode of Saturday Night Live.[408] Entertainment
Weekly described her as "this season's best Saturday Night Live host so far," noting that she "was
always up for the challenge, seemed to be having fun, and helped the rest of the cast nail the
punchlines". Proving "admirably resilient in a wide variety of sketch roles", she "inspired more of a
female, girly-in-the-best-sense sensibility in SNL than it's shown since the Tina Fey-Amy
Poehler days".[409]

Swift made her feature film acting debut in the 2010 ensemble comedy Valentine's Day, playing the
ditzy girlfriend of a high school jock.[410] TheLos Angeles Times felt the performance suggested
"serious comedic potential"[411] while the San Francisco Chronicle found her "very funny".
Time remarked that Swift portrayed her character "rather charmingly". [413] However, Variety found
her "entirely undirected... she needs to find a skilled director to tamp her down and channel her
obviously abundant energy".[414] The Daily News described her performance as "painfully clunky"
while Slant Magazine found her "unwatchable".[415][416] In 2012, Swift voiced Audrey, a tree lover, in the
animated film The Lorax. In 2013, she made a brief cameo on the sitcom New Girl. In 2014, she had
a supporting role in the film adaptation of The Giver.[417]

Swift's philanthropic efforts have been recognized by the Do Something Awards,[418] The Giving Back
Fund[419] and the Tennessee Disaster Services.[420] In 2012, Michelle Obama presented Swift with The
Big Help Award for her "dedication to helping others" and "inspiring others through action." [421] Also
that year, Kerry Kennedy of the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights presented
Swift with the Ripple of Hope Award because of her "dedication to advocacy at such a young age ...
Taylor is just the kind of woman we want our daughters to be." [422][423]
Swift is a supporter of arts education. In 2010, she donated $75,000 to Nashville's Hendersonville
High School to help refurbish the school auditorium's sound and lighting systems. [424] In 2012, she
pledged $4 million to fund the building of a new education center at the Country Music Hall of Fame
and Museum in Nashville.[425] The 7,500-square-foot building opened in 2014 and will facilitate new
programs and workshops for teenagers and senior citizens.[426][427] The space includes three
classrooms and an exhibit space, and houses interactive activities such as a musical petting zoo and
a "wet" classroom space to make concert posters and other art projects. [428] Museum officials named
it The Taylor Swift Education Center and the singer is involved in an advisory capacity.[429] Also in
2012, Swift partnered with textbook rental company Chegg to donate $60,000 to the music
departments of six US colleges.[430][431] In 2013, Swift donated $100,000 to the Nashville Symphony.[432]
Swift promotes children's literacy. In 2009, she donated $250,000 to various schools around the
country that she had either attended or had other associations with. The money was used to buy
books, fund educational programs and help pay teachers' salaries.[433] In 2010, she took part in a live
webcast, Read Now! with Taylor Swift, broadcast exclusively in US schools to celebrate Scholastic's
Read Every Day campaign.[434][435] In 2011, Swift donated 6,000 Scholastic books to Reading Public
Library, Pennsylvania[436]and, in 2012, she donated 14,000 books to Nashville Public Library,
Tennessee.[437] Most of the books were placed in circulation; the rest were given to children from lowincome families, preschools and daycare centers.[437] In 2012, she co-chaired the National Education
Association's Read Across America campaign and recorded a PSA encouraging children to read.
Also in 2012, Swift promoted the "power of reading" in a second live Scholastic webcast,
broadcast directly to US classrooms.[439] In 2013, through the Reach Out and Read initiative, she
donated 2,000 Scholastic books to the Reading Hospital Child Health Center's early literacy
program.[440] In 2014, she appeared in a READcampaign[441] and took part in another Scholastic
webcast, broadcast in US classrooms.[442] Also that year, she donated all proceeds from her song
"Welcome to New York" to New York City Public Schools.[443]
Throughout her career, Swift has donated money for helping victims of natural disasters. In 2008,
she donated the proceeds from her merchandise sales at the Country Music Festival to the Red
Cross's disaster relief fund.[444] Later that year, she donated $100,000 to the Red Cross to help the
victims of the Iowa flood of 2008.[445] In 2009, Swift supported the Victorian Bushfire Appeal by joining
the lineup at Sydney's Sound Relief concert,[446] reportedly making the biggest contribution of any
artist to the Australian Red Cross.[447] In 2010, she took part in the Hope for Haiti telethon; she
performed and answered phone calls from viewers wishing to donate money.[448] She also recorded a
song for the Hope for Haiti Now album.[449] In response to the May 2010 Tennessee floods, Swift
donated $500,000 during a telethon hosted by WSMV.[450] Later that year, she donated $100,000 to

help rebuild a playground in Hendersonville, Tennessee which was damaged by floodwater.[451] In

2011, Swift used the final dress rehearsal for the North American leg of her Speak Now tour as a
benefit concert for victims of recent tornadoes in the United States, raising more than $750,000.
She also donated $250,000 toAlabama football coach Nick Saban's charity, Nick's Kids, to aid in
the tornado relief efforts of West Alabama.[453] In 2012, Swift supported Architecture for Humanity's
Restore the Shore MTV telethon in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.[454]
Swift opposes LGBT discrimination. Following the 2008 murder of Larry King, she recorded a Gay,
Lesbian and Straight Education Network PSA to combat hate crimes.[455] On the first anniversary of
King's death, Swift told Seventeen that her parents taught her "never to judge others based on
whom they love, what color their skin is, or their religion."[456] In 2011, the music video for Swift's antibullying song "Mean" dealt in part with homophobia in high schools; the video was later nominated
for an MTV VMA social activism award.[457][458][459] The New York Times believes she is part of "a new
wave of young (and mostly straight) women who are providing the soundtrack for a generation of
gay fans coming to terms with their identity in a time of turbulent and confusing cultural
The singer is involved with a number of charities which provide services to sick children. In 2008,
she donated a pink Chevy pick-up truck to the Victory Junction Gang Camp; the truck is used to
transport sick children from the airport to the camp.[460] In 2009, after performing at the BBC Children
in Need annual telethon, she donated $20,000 to the cause.[461] In 2011, as the Academy of Country
Music's Entertainer of the Year, Swift donated $25,000 to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital,
Tennessee. This figure was matched by the Academy.[462] In 2012, Swift participated in the Stand Up
to Cancer telethon, performing "Ronan", a song she wrote in memory of a four-year-old boy who
died ofneuroblastoma. The song was made available for digital download, with all proceeds donated
to cancer-related charities.[463] In 2014, she donated $100,000 to the V Foundation for Cancer
Research[464] and $50,000 to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.[465] Swift has met with many sick fans
through the Make-A-Wish Foundation.[466][467][468][469] She has also made private visits to hospitals such
as St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, the Ronald
McDonald House, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Children's Hospital & Medical Center and Vanderbilt
Children's Hospital.[470][471][472][473][474][475]
Swift has encouraged young people to volunteer in their local community as part of Global Youth
Service Day[476] and has promoted The @15 Fund, a social change platform underwritten by Best
Buy, which gives teenagers the opportunity to direct the company's philanthropy.[477] In 2007, she
launched a campaign to protect children from online predators, in partnership with the Tennessee
Association of Chiefs of Police.[478] Also in 2007, she supported an Allstate campaign which promotes
safe teenage driving.[479] In 2009, Swift recorded a Sound Matters PSA to make listeners aware of the
importance of listening "responsibly."[480] She appeared in a Got Milk? campaign in 2010.[481] Swift has
donated auctionable items to a large number of charities, including the Elton John AIDS Foundation,
the UNICEF Tap Project,[483] Oxfam International,[484] Habitat for Humanity,
MusiCares[486] and Feeding America.[487] She has also performed at a number of benefit concerts,
including for the Food Bank For New York City,[488] the Reading, Writing & Rhythm Foundation,
Christmas for Kids,[490] Shriners Hospitals for Children,[491] and Centrepoint.[492]

Personal life
Swift purchased a four-bedroom mansion in Belle Meade, Tennessee, for her parents.[493] Swift's
younger brother, Austin, is a student of the University of Notre Dame and, since appearing in a
college play, his primary interest is acting.[7][494]


The harbor in Watch Hill, Rhode Island, where Swift owns a summer home.

Swift's main residence is a duplex penthouse in the Tribeca neighborhood of New York City.[214]
She disclosed her perception of New York City before she purchased the Tribeca penthouse in a
September 2014 interview:

I was so intimidated by this city [New York City] for so long ... I thought I wou

In January 2015, Swift explained that her relocation to New York City was solely her decision and
she was "very proud" of the autonomy that underpinned the change of residence. [217]
She also spends time at a three-bedroom cottage in Beverly Hills, California,[497] and a duplex
penthouse in Nashville, Tennessee.[4][498]She owns an eight-bedroom summer home in coastal Watch
Hill, Rhode Island, which she purchased in 2013.[499]

According to Forbess Celebrity 100 list, released annually in the month of May, Swift earned
$18 million in 2009,[500] $45 million in 2010,[501] $45 million in 2011,[502] $57 million in 2012,[503] $55 million
in 2013[504] and $64 million in 2014.[505]

Swift dated singer Joe Jonas from July to October 2008.[506][507] She was romantically linked to John
Mayer from late 2009 until early 2010.[508][509][510][511] Jonas and Mayer have both written songs about
She dated Jake Gyllenhaal from October to December 2010.[514][515] Following their break-up, they
were seen together in January and February 2011.[516][517] She dated One Direction singer Harry
Styles from October 2012 to January 2013.[518][519]
In a January 28, 2015, interview with Access Hollywood, Swift explained that she had found
happiness in being single again, as it signified a state of independence that was worth protecting.
Swift mentioned that she felt "happy," "free" and "independent," and told the interviewer that "it's
important to really explore" and "embrace" one's life when it "completes itself." She also advised
people in their twenties that they should not "use other relationships as a band-aid if one doesn't

Swift says she registered to vote on her 18th birthday.[520][521] During the 2008 presidential campaign,
she supported the Every Woman Counts campaign, aimed at engaging women in the political

process, and was one of many country stars to record a public service announcement for the Vote
(For Your) Country campaign.[522] She stated: "I don't think it's my job to try and influence people
which way they should vote."[5] Following President Obama's inauguration, she told Rolling
Stone that she supported the president: "I've never seen this country so happy about a political
decision in my entire time of being alive. I'm so glad this was my first election." [523]
In 2010, former U.S. President George H. W. Bush attended the taping of a Swift television special
in Kennebunkport, Maine,[524] and later described Swift as "unspoiled" and "very nice."[525] In 2012,
Swift was presented with a Kids' Choice Award in recognition of her charitable work by Michelle
Obama, who praised her as someone who "has rocketed to the top of the music industry but still
keeps her feet on the ground, someone who has shattered every expectation of what a 22-year-old
can accomplish."[526] Swift later described the First Lady as "a role model." [527] In a 2012 interview,
Swift remarked that, although she tries to keep herself "as educated and informed as possible," she
doesn't "talk about politics because it might influence other people." [528] She has spoken of her
interest in American history and has read books about Abraham Lincoln, John Adams, theFounding
Fathers and Ellis Island.[529] Swift has spent time with the Kennedy family[530] and has spoken of her
admiration for Ethel Kennedy.[531][532]

Awards and achievements

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Taylor Swift
Swift has received many awards and honors, including 7 Grammy Awards,[533][534][535][536] 16 American
Music Awards,[537][538][539][540][541][542][543] 11 Country Music Association Awards, 7 Academy of Country Music
Awards,[544] and 34 Billboard Music Awards. As a songwriter, she has been honored by the Nashville
Songwriters Association[545][546][547]and the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[548] Swift received her first-ever Brit
award on February 25, 2015, in the Best International Female Solo Artist category.[549]
After 1989 passed the four-million-sales mark in the U.S. during the week ending January 18, 2015,
Swift's total album-sales count in America was registered as 27.1 million. As of January 24, 2015,
each of Swift's studio albums have sold at least four million units: Fearless (6.9 million), Taylor
Swift (5.5 million), Speak Now (4.5 million), Red (4.1 million) and 1989.[550] By the start of 2015, Swift
had sold over 40 million albums, 130 million single downloads and was one of the top five music
artists with the highest worldwide digital sales.[229]

Main articles: Taylor Swift discography and List of songs recorded by Taylor Swift

Taylor Swift (2006)

Fearless (2008)

Speak Now (2010)

Red (2012)

1989 (2014)

Fearless Tour (200910)

Concert tours

Speak Now World Tour (201112)

The Red Tour (201314)

The 1989 World Tour (2015)






Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience




Hannah Montana: The Movie




Valentine's Day

Felicia Miller


The Lorax



The Giver








CSI: Crime Scene Investigation

Haley Jones

Episode: "Turn, Turn, Turn"


Saturday Night Live (three episodes)


Host, writer, performer[313][551]


New Girl


Episode: "Elaine's Big Day"

See also

Book: Taylor

List of Billboard Social 50 number-one artists


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106. Jump up^ "Hannah Montana The Movie Production Notes". Walt
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108. Jump up^ Weiner, Jonah; Jody Rosen (January 28, 2010). "Track
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109. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (January 26, 2010). "Better Than Ezra
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111. Jump up^ "Sorry, MTV VMA queen Taylor Swift: Kanye West is king
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113.Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Thanks "Gracious" Beyonce for Inviting Her
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127. Jump up^ Schneider, Marc (October 11, 2011). "Taylor Swift Named
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129. Jump up^ Big Machine Press Release. Taylor Swift Wins Album of
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130. Jump up^ MTV. Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson Big Winners at
American Music Awards; 2009 [Retrieved May 15, 2012].
131. Jump up^ CMT. Taylor Swift Will Receive Hal David Starlight Award
for Songwriting; May 11, 2010 [Retrieved May 15, 2012].
132. Jump up^ Taylor Swift, Toby Keith, and Wynn Varble Win Big at
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133. Jump up^ 2009 Artists of the Year; December 10, 2009 [Retrieved
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134. Jump up^ The 2010 TIME 100 Taylor Swift. Time. April 29, 2010
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139. Jump up^ Sisario, Ben (November 3, 2010). "Taylor Swift Album Is
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143. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's New Single, "Mine," Shipped to Country
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145. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift to Release SPEAK NOW WORLD TOUR
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148. Jump up^ Glazer, Eliot (October 31, 2011). "Watch Taylor Swift
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160. Jump up^ Deerwester, Jayme (February 12, 2012). "Adoration for
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164. Jump up^ "CMA Awards 2011: Taylor Swift wins entertainer of the
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165. Jump up^ "American Music Awards 2011: Taylor Swift wins artist of
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176. Jump up^ Willman, Chris (June 13, 2012). "Scott Borchetta on
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177. Jump up^ Mansfield, Brian (October 17, 2012). "Taylor Swift sees
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182. Jump up^ "Pop, Rock & Jazz, Oct 21". The Sunday Times. October
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186. Jump up^ Trust, Gary (August 22, 2012). "Taylor Swift Scores First
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187. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's 'Red' Sells 1.21 Million; Biggest Sales
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189. Jump up^ Frith, Maxine (December 6, 2012). "Love Story: how
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190. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Announces 2014 Red Tour Dates in Asia". February 13, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
191. Jump up^ "Watch Nelly and Taylor Swift Perform in St. Louis".
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193. Jump up^ Jeff Labrecque (December 12, 2013). "'12 Years a Slave'
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194. Jump up^ Bonaguro, Alison (January 25, 2013). "News :
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195. Jump up^ "Dave Grohl, Jason Mraz join CMA Awards lineup, Taylor
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197. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Joins Florida Georgia Line Onstage for
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205. Jump up^ "The Taylor Swift Slut-Shaming Continues The

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207. Jump up^ Winkie, Luke (June 3, 2013). "Breakup Songs: Why is
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212. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Opens Up About 'Sonic Evolution' of New
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213. Jump up^ Patrick Ryan, USA TODAY (October 22, 2014). "Taylor
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219. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Reveals Five Things to Expect on
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221. Jump up^ Lindsey Weber (October 29, 2014). "Taylor Swift, Queen
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235. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift tickets, tour and event information Ticketek Australia". December 2, 2014.
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236. Jump up^ "Australia Added to The 1989 World Tour". December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
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243. Jump up^ October 26, 2010; Written by Alison Bonaguro (October
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244. Jump up^ Lane, Mary M. (May 2, 2012). "James Taylor Talks About
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253. Jump up^ "InStyle meets country singing sensation Taylor Swift". October 26, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
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255. Jump up^ Blender, April 2008, page 52
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257. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Covered Back of Your Hand by Dwight
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262. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's lessons learned from Brad Paisley Los
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263. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Goes Record Shopping with
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264. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's Favorite Music".
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299. Jump up^ Keefe, Jonathan. "Single Review: Taylor Swift, "We Are
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303. Jump up^ Johnson, Zach (March 5, 2013). "Taylor Swift: I'm Not a
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304. Jump up^ Farley, Christopher John (October 22, 2010). "Taylor
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305. Jump up^ Caramanica, Jon (November 7, 2008). "My Music,
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306. ^ Jump up to:a b Caramanica, Jon (October 20, 2010). "Taylor Swift
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307. Jump up^ "John Mayer: Taylor Swift's 'Dear John' Song 'Humiliated
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309. Jump up^ "Stop Asking Taylor Swift to Apologize for Writing Songs
About Ex-Boyfriends The Cut". New York. November 16, 2012.
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310. Jump up^ "Her Song: Talking Taylor Swift Post Rock". The
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311.Jump up^ "Taylor Swift: Taylor Swift: Music".
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320. Jump up^ "Pop and Rock Listings July 22 28". The New York
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321. Jump up^ Frere, Sasha. "Prodigy". The New Yorker. Retrieved July
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323. Jump up^ Rob Sheffield (October 26, 2010). "Speak Now". Rolling
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324. Jump up^ Serjeant, Jill (November 17, 2009). "Taylor Swift
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325. Jump up^ Tucker, Ken (November 12, 2009). "CMA Awards best
and worst, starring Taylor Swift, the ghost of Kanye West, and Carrie
Underwood's purple sequined hot-pants".Entertainment Weekly.
326. Jump up^ Reed, James (October 24, 2010). "Swift's ascent
continues with arrival of new album".Boston Globe.
327. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's dream year brings out naysayers".
Reuters. November 20, 2009.
328. Jump up^ "Keys to Taylor Swift's Success Every Artist Can Learn
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329. Jump up^ DeLuca, Dan (November 11, 2008). "Focused on 'great
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330. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift gets mixed reviews at Grammys". The
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331. Jump up^ Roland, Tom (October 15, 2010). "Taylor Swift: The
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332. Jump up^ Caramanica, Jon (October 20, 2010). "Taylor Swift Is
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333. Jump up^ Kelly, James (August 26, 2009). "Taylor Swift: Writing her
own songs and rules". accessAtlanta. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
334. Jump up^ 'Country Strong', Teen Vogue, August 2011
335. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's appeal soars with her album sales | Tune
in Music City". The Tennessean. October 30, 2012.
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336. Jump up^ Stein, Jeannine; For, / (November 18, 2011). "Taylor
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337. Jump up^ Daniel Kreps (February 17, 2009). "Taylor Swift: The
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338. Jump up^ Taylor in Wonderland by Brian Hiatt, Rolling Stone, page
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339. Jump up^ Willman, Chris (October 17, 2012). "Taylor Swift Tapes
VH1 'Storytellers'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February
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340. Jump up^ Tucker, Jeremiah (November 2, 2012). "Jeremiah
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Joplin Globe, Joplin, MO". RetrievedFebruary
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341. Jump up^ Van Meter, Jonathan (January 17, 2012). "Taylor Swift:
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342. Jump up^ "Lana, Taylor, and Michelle Hollywood Prospectus
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343. Jump up^ Giana Ciapponi (18 August 2014). "Behind the Scenes of
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344. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's Gift Giving of 2014" (Video upload). Taylor
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347. Jump up^ Vernell Hackett (July 29, 2009). "Taylor Swift Talks
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348. ^ Jump up to:a b Van, Jonathan (January 17, 2012). "Taylor Swift:
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349. Jump up^ "Behind the Scenes: Taylor Swift Cover Shoot
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350. Jump up^ McIntyre, Megan (July 9, 2012). "Taylor Swift Interview
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352. Jump up^ Holt, Emily (July 1, 2011). "American Idols: Icons of
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353. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's Favorite Clothes, Beauty Products,
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354. Jump up^ Gold, Adam (June 16, 2011). "Neil Young Talks About A
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356. Jump up^ "Crosby, Stills and Nash: There And Back Again | Page 2
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357. Jump up^ "Stephen Stills: "I'm a little like Taylor Swift"". Uncut.
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358. Jump up^ "Stephen Stills carries on". MSN. Retrieved March
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359. Jump up^ "Elvis Costello Fan Forum View topic SPECTACLE
APOLLO 2 debut!". Retrieved December
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360. Jump up^ "Youngstown News, Judy Collins is still looking to the
futureSFlb". December 13, 2012. Retrieved March
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363. Jump up^ Janis Ian: Echoes of Endurance and Evolution Feb 7
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366. Jump up^ "News : CMT Insider Interview: Dolly Parton". CMT.
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370. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Among Diverse Honorees at Songwriters
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372. Jump up^ Reese, Nathan (January 25, 2013). "Tegan And Sara
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376. Jump up^ "Katy Perry Q&A: Billboard's Woman of the Year
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378. Jump up^ "Lady Gaga loves Taylor Swift, too!". Sugarscape.
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385. Jump up^ "Spotify says it paid Taylor Swift millions. Her label
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388. Jump up^ Mark Sutherland (28 February 2015). "Taylor Swift
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390. Jump up^ "News : Headlines : Taylor Swift at Top for Fourth Week :
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391. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Launches Sundress Line Ready-to-Wear
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392. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift to have greeting card line". USA Today.
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394. Jump up^ RSS feed (February 3, 2009). "Taylor Swift: NHL's New
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395. Jump up^ "Sony Electronics News and Information". April 26, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
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399. Jump up^ "First Look Taylor Swift Flies High in New Target
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407. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift appears in an engrossing 'CSI' investigation
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408. Jump up^ "Clips from the November 7, 2009 episode of Saturday
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410. Jump up^ "Winners of 'Teen Choice 2010' Awards Announced;

Teens Cast More Than 85 Million Votes".
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418. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift's Rehearsal Concert Wins Award". CMT.
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419. Jump up^ "Giving Back Fund Announces Top 30 Celebrity Charity
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420. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Receives 2012 Honorary Star of
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421. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift to Receive 'Big' Honor From Michelle
Obama at Kids' Choice Awards". March 27, 2012.
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422. Jump up^ "AFP: Kennedys honor Taylor Swift with 'social change'
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424. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift becomes namesake of Hendersonville High
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1, 2012.
426. Jump up^ "Superstar Taylor Swift pledges $4 million to fund new
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428. Jump up^ Talbott, Chris (May 17, 2012). "Taylor Swift Donates $4
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429. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift pledges $4 million to Country Music Hall of
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430. Jump up^ Golden, Zara (October 1, 2012). "And The Taylor Swift
VH1 Storytellers Contest Winner Is ... Harvey Mudd College! | VH1
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431. Jump up^ "Horace Mann School for the Deaf in Allston gets a
personal gift from Taylor Swift".Boston Globe. Retrieved October
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Symphony". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
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434. Jump up^ "Read (and rock out!) with Taylor Swift!". October 27, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
435. Jump up^ "Scholastic Unveils Global Literacy Campaign". New
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436. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift donates 6,000 books to Reading Library". October 14, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
437. ^ Jump up to:a b "Taylor Swift Donates 14,000 Books to Nashville
Public Library". February 2, 2012. Retrieved May
29, 2012.
438. Jump up^ "Millions will join NEA's Read Across America Day
celebration on March 2". NEA. February 8, 2012. Retrieved May
29, 2012.
439. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Live Webcast | Read Every Day, Lead a
Better Life". Retrieved September 14, 2012.

440. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift, Scholastic donate books to Reading

Hospital | Regional: Berks Home". January 18, 2013.
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from American Library Association". People. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
442. Jump up^ "Entertainment". ABC News. Retrieved November
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443. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift to Donate 'Welcome to New York' Proceeds
to NYC Public Schools". ABC News. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
444. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Gives Her Vote To Charity". Look to the
Stars. June 4, 2009. RetrievedMarch 27, 2009.
445. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift donates $100,000 to victims of Iowa
Flood". People. August 9, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
446. Jump up^ Writer, Entertainment (March 8, 2009). "Kylie to play at
Sound Relief with Coldplay, Midnight Oil". The Daily Telegraph.
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447. Jump up^ "New Taylor Swift". Tune Binder. March 14, 2009.
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'Passionate' About Helping People of Haiti The Boot".
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449. Jump up^ Vena, Jocelyn (January 26, 2010). "Better Than Ezra
'Honored' By Taylor Swift's Performance Of 'Breathless' At Haiti
Telethon Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved August
30, 2012.
450. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Donates $500K to Nashville Flood
Victims". Us Weekly. May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
451. Jump up^ Hughes, Donna (August 27, 2010). "Taylor Swift Gives
$100,000 to Help Hometown Kids". Retrieved May
29, 2012.
452. Jump up^ Lewis, Randy (May 23, 2011). "Taylor Swift benefit
concert raises more than $750,000 for tornado victims". Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
453. Jump up^ Gould, Izzy; Bureau, Tuscaloosa (July 21, 2011). "Taylor
Swift donates $250,000 to Nick's Kids for Alabama tornado
relief". Alabama Local News (Alabama). RetrievedMay 24, 2012.
454. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Sends 'Love and Support' to Hurricane
Sandy Victims, Asks Fans to Help 'Restore the Shore'". November 13, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2014.

455. Jump up^ "Portia Joins Ellen To Stop The Hate". E!. March 10,
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456. Jump up^ Koday, Dan. "Taylor Swift's Mission: Take a Stand
Against Hate! Seventeen". Retrieved August
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457. ^ Jump up to:a b Hawgood, Alex (November 5, 2010). "For Gays,
New Songs of Survival". The New York Times. Retrieved August
7, 2012.
458. Jump up^ "Is Taylor Swift's New Anti-Bullying Video Simply "Gaywashing" For Pink Dollars? / Queerty". Retrieved August
30, 2012.
459. Jump up^ "MTV adds social activism category to VMAs". Reuters.
August 4, 2011. RetrievedAugust 30, 2012.
460. Jump up^ Saunders, Tim (January 10, 2008). "Musicians Start The
Year With Generosity". Retrieved May 29, 2012.
461. Jump up^ Charlotte Spratt (November 20, 2009). "Children in
Need: Taylor Swift donates 13,000, JLS perform and fans get Doctor
Who sneak peek". Daily Mail (UK). RetrievedDecember 30, 2009.
462. Jump up^ Tennessean Music Team (June 13, 2011). "Taylor Swift
and ACM Lifting Lives present $50,000 donation to St. Jude". The
Tennessean. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
463. Jump up^ "New and Hot Video: Taylor Swift Debuts 'Ronan' at
Stand Up To Cancer Benefit".Rolling Stone. September 8, 2012.
Retrieved September 14, 2012.
464. Jump up^ "Dick Vitale holds annual fundraiser for pediatric
cancer". Tampa Bay Times. May 17, 2014. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
465. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift donates $50K to CHOP to help teens with
cancer". The Business Journals. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
466. Jump up^ "Make-A-Wish Northern Alberta alexis' wish". Retrieved August 30,2012.
467. Jump up^ "Make-A-Wish Foundation of Maine: Wishes". Retrieved August 30,2012.
468. Jump up^ "Payroll giving helps workers donate to charity Story
Business 3 News". Retrieved August 30, 2012.
469. Jump up^ "Make-A-Wish Foundation of Massachusetts and Rhode
Island". Retrieved August 30, 2012.
470. Jump up^ "South Middleton girl gets toys for fellow patients at St.
Jude Children's Research Hospital". Retrieved August
30, 2012.

471. Jump up^ Kiki Ryan (August 27, 2010). "Swift's soldier visit". Retrieved August 30,2012.
472. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift at the Ronald McDonald House NYC!". December 22, 2011.
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473. Jump up^ Vinson, Christina (May 1, 2013). "Taylor Swift Extends
Kind Gesture to Car Accident Victim's Family". Taste of Country.
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474. Jump up^ Loinaz, Alexis L. (March 12, 2013). "Taylor Swift Visits
Young Cancer Patient in Nebraska Before Start of Red Tour | E! Online
UK". E!. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
475. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift performs at Vanderbilt children's hospital, in
pictures". The Tennessean. December 25, 2009. Retrieved June
10, 2013.
476. Jump up^ Tim Hardiman (April 20, 2007). "Taylor Swift Encourages
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477. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Lends Support to @15". Business
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478. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Warns Kids About Internet Crime". September 21, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
479. Jump up^ "Country Music Star Taylor Swift Rewards Top Holiday
Carolers at Smart Driving Competition Teen Driving Allstate
Insurance Digital Newsroom".
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480. Jump up^ "Sound Matters: Celebrity Profile-Taylor Swift".
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481. Jump up^ "Join Taylor Swift As A Got Milk Model". July 2, 2010. RetrievedMay 29, 2012.
482. Jump up^ "19th Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy
Awards Viewing Party, Hosted by Sir Elton John and David Furnish,
Raised Nearly $4 Million for the Fight Against HIV/AIDS". Retrieved August 30, 2012.
483. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Teams Up With UNICEF Tap Project
Initiative". March 17, 2011. Retrieved August
7, 2012.
484. Jump up^ "More Stars Join Charitybuzz Heal Haiti Auction". RetrievedAugust 7, 2012.
485. Jump up^ "Stars Sign Hardhats For Charity Auction". Retrieved August 7,2012.

486. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Among Participants in MusiCares Back To

School Charity Auction". July 28, 2011.
Retrieved August 7, 2012.
487. Jump up^ "Feed America With George Clooney's Bowl". Retrieved August 7,2012.
488. Jump up^ "Z100's Jingle Ball 2009 Z100 New York's Hit Music
Station". Z100. RetrievedAugust 7, 2012.
489. Jump up^ "News : Chely Wright Invites Kellie Pickler, Taylor Swift to
Fundraiser". CMT. April 6, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
490. Jump up^ "News : Taylor Swift, Rodney Atkins Will Sing for Kids'
Christmas". CMT. August 8, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
491. Jump up^ "Shriners Hospital For Children". Country Music
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495. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Buys $19.9 Million NYC Penthouse | E!
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513. Jump up^ "Track Review: John Mayer Gets Meta On "Paper Doll"".
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518. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift + Harry Styles of One Direction
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522. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Reveals Newfound Obsession With
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536. Jump up^ "American Music Awards 2014 Winners AMAs The
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537. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Nashville Tickets". Excite.
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538. Jump up^ "NSAI Songwriter/Artists of the Year Winners List". NSAI.
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539. Jump up^ "Taylor Swift Youngest Winner of Songwriter/Artist
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541. Jump up^ "Songwriters Hall of Fame".
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542. Jump up^ Tim Jonze (25 February 2015). "Taylor Swift wins best
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543. Jump up^ Kevin Caulfield (24 January 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989'
Hits 4 Million in U.S. Sales".The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 25
January 2015.

544. Jump up^ Christina Lee (13 April 2014). "Taylor Swift Interrupts
Seth Rogen During SNL Monologue: Watch". Idolator. SpinMedia.

Taylor Swift at DMOZ

Taylor Swift at the Internet Movie Database


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