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Q1. Discuss the difference between ethics and moral.

According to Oxford Dictionary, ethic is a set of moral principles, especially ones

relating to or affirming a specific group field, or form of conduct [1]. Ethics came
from Latin word ethicus and Greek word ethikos [2]. Ethic is also known as moral
philosophy, which involves systematizing and defending and recommending concept
of right or wrong conduct to be practiced in human activities [2].
Moral is defined as the concerned towards principles of right and wrong behavior in
Oxford Dictionary [1]. The word moral origin from the Latin word moralis simply
means custom and it is first used to translate Latin moralia [1]. The term Moral is
often refer based on the standard of society perception on the right and wrong
behavior [3].
As an engineer, it is necessary to distinct between moral philosophy and engineering
ethics. Both of these principles are applied by engineers in problem solving
processes and engineering design processes in fulfilling societys dreams of a better
world [4].
Electrical and electronic engineering is about the generation, transmission,
storage and use of electricity, and also the transmission and transformation of
information using computer and communication, for example, creating an algorithm
for testing integrated circuits [5]. Besides, electrical and electronic engineers create
and design electrical, electronic and computer products or redesign, analyse,
manage and improvement existing systems [5]. Thus, being an electrical or electronic
engineer, one is capable of having different career path like electrical power
engineer, control engineer, microelectronic engineer, computer software and
hardware engineer, research engineer, consultant or venture into teaching line to
become a lecturer or teacher [5].
An electrical engineer is responsible for designs of system to generate,
distribute and manage electricity. Electrical engineer test electricity systems and
resolves any problem related to electricity supply to clients and customer [5]. For
instance, the breakdown of electricity supply at substation requires and electrical
engineer to diagnose the problem on site and fixed the electricity breakdown
problem [5]. In Malaysia, electrical engineer can work with Tenaga Nasional Berhad
(TNB) in order to maintain and ensure the continued supply of electricity to end
Power engineers are more specialize in the area of power generation. Some
of the work of an electrical engineer are quite similar to electrical engineer,
however, the job scope of a power engineer plans and develops power systems in
order to supply power, tests and maintains these power system and also researches
alternative sources of power [5]. Power engineers are defined to the design and
management of power generation and distribution [5].

On the other hand, control engineer also commonly known as control and
instrumentation engineer are responsible for designing, developing, managing and
maintaining equipment used to monitor and control engineering, machinery and
processes [5]. A control engineer must be equipped with knowledge in specific
control discipline like advanced process control (APC), programmable logic controller
(PLC) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) [6]. Control and
instrumentation engineer highly required at manufacturing factory for example, the
manufacturing of paper which is a batch processing requires a specific control
system to operate the machinery in manufacturing papers.

3. "Introducing Ethics Case Studies Into Required Undergraduate Engineering
Courses," [Online]. Available:
df. [Accessed 6 March 2015].
4. A. Lau, Is Ethics Important to Engineers?, Penn state: Rock Ethics Institute.
5. Electrical and Electronic Engineer, University of Canterbury, Christchurch.