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VERBO TO BE

PRESENT
I
YOU
HE/SHE/IT
WE
YOU
THEY

PAST

am
are
is
are
are
are

I
YOU
HE/SHE/IT
WE
YOU
THEY

was
were
was
were
were
were

IMPORTANTE:

No presente simples, a conjugao do verbo to be s muda na primeira e na terceira


pessoa do singular, nas demais pessoas ele conjugado da mesma forma.
No passado, a primeira e a terceira pessoa do singular tm a mesma conjugao: was.
Nas demais pessoas a conjugao were.
Tanto no presente quanto no passado a interrogativa formada colocando o verbo na
frente do pronome ou nome e a negativa formada colocando not aps o verbo:
Is he a student?
No, hes not a student. Hes a teacher.

VERBOS REGULARES E IRREGULARES


WORK / DO
PRESENT
I
YOU
HE/SHE/IT
WE
YOU
THEY

work / do
work / do
works / does
work / do
work / do
work / do

PAST
I
YOU
HE/SHE/IT
WE
YOU
THEY

worked / did
worked / did
worked / did
worked / did
worked / did
worked / did

IMPORTANTE:

No presente, a conjugao dos verbos irregulares e regulares s muda na terceira


pessoa do singular. No passado, a conjugao a mesma para todas.
Diferente do verbo to be, os verbos irregulares e regulares necessitam do verbo
auxiliar Do/Does/Did para formar frases interrogativas e negativas. Nesse caso, o verbo
principal volta para a forma infinitiva e, o que na verdade conjugado, o verbo
auxiliar. Na frase negativa, acrescenta-se NOT aps o verbo auxiliar:
Afirmativa:
Interrogativa:
Negativa:

She works every day.


Does she work every day?
No, she does not work every day.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (ou present progressive)


WORK

am

working

YOU

are

working

HE/SHE/IT

is

working

WE

are

working

YOU

are

working

THEY

are

working

IMPORTANTE:

Enquanto que o Present Simple fala de um hbito ou rotina no presente, o Present


Continuous usado para: 1) expressar algo que est acontecendo no momento da
fala: I am reading a book; 2) Para falar sobre uma ao temporria que no esta
necessariamente acontecendo no momento da fala: They are building a new
hospital near the park; 3) uma ao repetida frequentemente: She is often
buying new clothes.
Alguns verbos no so normalmente usados na forma continua embora possamos
faz-lo. Eles em geral indicam um estado ou condio. Aqui esto alguns deles:
Agree ( concordar )
Believe ( acreditar )
Belong ( pertencer )
Disagree ( discordar )
Forget ( esquecer )
Like ( gostar )
Love ( amar )
Need ( precisar )
Prefer ( preferir )
Remember ( lembrar )
Afirmativa:
Interrogativa:
Negativa:

Hate ( odiar )
Have ( ter )
Hear ( ouvir )
Hope ( esperar )
Know ( saber )
See ( ver )
Seem ( parecer )
Smell ( cheirar )
Think ( pensar )
Understand ( compreender )

She is working now.


Is she working now?
No, she isnt working now.

FUTURO: WILL X GOING TO X ING


WILL /TRAVEL
I

will

travel

YOU

will

travel

HE/SHE/IT

will

travel

WE

will

travel

YOU

will

travel

THEY

will

travel

IMPORTANTE:

Formamos o futuro com will do seguinte modo: will + verbo infinitivo.


Usamos WILL para expressar uma ao que acreditamos que acontecer no futuro, ou
para falar de decises que tomamos no momemto da fala: I think David will help
me with this work.
Geralmente usamos will nas seguintes situaes:
1. Promessas: I will phone you next week.
2. Oferecendo para fazer algo: If you need money I will lend you some.
3. Recusando ou concordando com algo: I asked David to help me, but he
will not.
4. Pedindo algum para fazer algo: Will you close the door, please?
Normalmente, quando predizemos o futuro usamos Will e quando planejamos algo
usamos Going to ou Present Continuous Tense com palavras indicando o futuro.

Afirmativa:
Interrogativa:
Negativa:

She will travel next year.


Will she travel next year?
No, she wont travel next year.

GOING TO / TRAVEL
I

am

going to

travel

YOU

are

going to

travel

HE/SHE/IT

is

going to

travel

WE

are

going to

travel

YOU

are

going to

travel

THEY

are

going to

travel

IMPORTANTE:

Formamos o futuro com going to do seguinte modo: verbo to be + going to +vebo no


infinitivo.
Usamos going to quando falamos sobre aes futuras que j esto programadas: Im
going to wake up early tomorrow.

Afirmativa:
Interrogativa:
Negativa:

She is going to travel tonight.


Is she going to travel tonight?
No, she isnt going to travel tonight.

FUTURO USANDO O PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Tambm usamos o Present Continuous Tense para falar de uma ao programada


no futuro, sendo que, precisamos usar palavras que indiquem o futuro: tomorrow,
next month, next year, in 2 days, in 3 months, etc.