59 views

Uploaded by hirensurat

oil & gas-Drilling

- Aapg08 Chimney Poster
- Petroleum Geology Conference Series 1993 BURRUS 0041317
- Katz_Ch9_383_422
- Benchmarking of Steamflood Field Projects in LightMedium Crude Oils
- high pressures while oil drilling in greece
- 2003 Phd - El-Ahmady
- Spe 49269
- reserve estimation - gas
- Exploration - Regional Evaluation
- PETR8522 Simulation Project I
- Eor Shale Co2
- Fetkovich View
- Seal Oil Barrier_Excellent
- Dev Plan
- Dan3
- 316562025-Training-Course-notes-pdf.pdf
- IM_EN_Final
- Balance de materiales_NCR.pdf
- UPPP_Gamerules2015
- A_simple_analytical_model_for_predicting_sand_prod.pdf

You are on page 1of 31

Introduction to

Well Testing

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 1

Introduction to Well Testing

List 4 Objectives of Well Testing

List 4 objectives of well testing. List as many as possible without

referring to the notes.

1.

2.

3.

4.

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 2

Introduction to Well Testing

Define Variables Used In Well Testing

Define, give the units for, and name a common source for each of

the following variables used in well testing. Complete as much of

this exercise as possible before referring to the notes.

1. Porosity

2. Water saturation

3. Total compressibility

4. Oil compressibility

5. Formation volume factor

6. Viscosity

7. Wellbore radius

8. Net pay thickness

9. Permeability

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 3

Introduction to Well Testing

Calculate Compressibility for Undersaturated

Oil Reservoir

Calculate total compressibility for the following situation. Assume

solution gas/oil ratios do not include stock tank vent gas.

Undersaturated oil reservoir (above the bubblepoint)

Sw

Rso

From fluid properties correlations,

pb

= 2803 psi

co

cw

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 4

Introduction to Well Testing

Calculate Compressibility for Saturated

Oil Reservoir

Calculate total compressibility for the following situation. Assume

solution gas/oil ratios do not include stock tank vent gas.

Saturated oil reservoir (below the original bubblepoint)

Sw = 17%, Sg = 5%, TDS = 18 wt %, oil gravity = 27API,

Rso = 530 scf/STB, gas gravity = 0.85, Tf = 185F,

p = 2000 psi, cf = 3.610-6 psi-1

Tsep = 75F, p sep = 115 psia

NExT

pb

2803 psi

co

cg

cw =

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 5

Introduction to Well Testing

Calculate Compressibility for Low-Pressure,

High-Permeability Gas Reservoir

Calculate total compressibility for the following situation. Assume a dry

gas.

Low-pressure, high-permeability gas reservoir

Sw = 20%, gas gravity = 0.74, Tf = 125F, p = 125 psi,

cf = 3.610-6 psi-1, cw = 4 x 10-6 psi [Tf is outside range of

correlations]

cg

cw =

NExT

4x10-6 psi-1

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 6

Introduction to Well Testing

Calculate Compressibility for

High-Pressure, Low-Permeability

Gas Reservoir

Calculate total compressibility for the following situation. Assume a

dry gas.

High pressure, low permeability gas reservoir

Sw = 35%, TDS = 22 wt %, gas gravity = 0.67, Tf = 270F,

p = 5,000 psi, cf = 2010-6 psi-1

cg

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Radius of Investigation

NExT

April 2000

Problems

Exercise 1

Radial Flow and Radius of Investigation

Factors That Affect Radius of Investigation

Without looking at the notes, choose the correct response to complete each

statement. Check your answers by referring to the radius of investigation

equation.

A) increases

B) decreases

C) does not affect

1. Increasing viscosity __________________ the radius of investigation.

2. Increasing permeability __________________ the radius of investigation.

3. Increasing formation volume factor __________________ the radius of

investigation.

4. Increasing test time __________________ the radius of investigation.

5. Increasing production rate __________________ the radius of

investigation.

6. Increasing net pay thickness __________________ the radius of

investigation.

7. Increasing porosity __________________ the radius of investigation.

8. Increasing total compressibility __________________ the radius of

investigation.

NExT

April 2000

Problems

10

Exercise 2

Radial Flow and Radius of Investigation

Calculate Radius of Investigation for an

Undersaturated Oil Reservoir

Calculate the time required to reach a radius of investigation of 745 feet

for the following situation. Use the data and results from Exercise 3 in the

section Introduction to Well Testing, with the following additional

information.

Undersaturated oil reservoir (above the bubblepoint)

0.17

1.06 cp

ct

1.36x10-5 psi-1

ko

250 md

NExT

April 2000

Problems

11

Exercise 3

Radial Flow and Radius of Investigation

Calculate Radius of Investigation for a

Saturated Oil Reservoir

Calculate the time required to reach a radius of investigation of 745

feet for the following situation. Use the data and results from Exercise

4 in the section Introduction to Well Testing, with the following

additional information.

Saturated oil reservoir (below the original bubblepoint)

0.17

1.185 cp

ct

kro

0.8

NExT

April 2000

Problems

12

Exercise 4

Radial Flow and Radius of Investigation

Calculate Radius of Investigation for a

Low-Pressure, High-Permeability

Gas Reservoir

Calculate the time required to reach a radius of investigation of

745 feet for the following situation. Use the data and results from

Exercise 5 in the section Introduction to Well testing, with the

following additional information.

Low-pressure, high-permeability gas reservoir

NExT

0.12

0.01151 cp

ct

100 md

April 2000

Problems

13

Exercise 5

Radial Flow and Radius of Investigation

Calculate Radius of Investigation for a

High-Pressure, Low-Permeability

Gas Reservoir

Calculate the time required to reach a radius of investigation of 745

feet for the following situation. Use the data and results from

Exercise 5 in the previous section, with the following additional

information.

High-pressure, low-permeability gas reservoir

NExT

0.04

0.02514 cp

ct

0.08

April 2000

Problems

14

Characterizing

Damage and Stimulation

NExT

April 2000

Problems

15

Exercise 1

Damage and Skin Factor Calculations

1. Calculate the additional pressure drop due to skin for a well

producing at 2,000 STB/D. Oil formation volume factor is 1.07

RB/STB, viscosity is 19 cp, permeability is 5400 md, net pay

thickness is 175 ft, skin factor is 11, and porosity is 1.2%.

average reservoir pressure is 1,800 psi and the flowing

bottomhole pressure is 1,600 psi.

1, if the bit diameter is 8 in.

the reservoir in Problem 1.

NExT

April 2000

Problems

16

Oil Wells

NExT

April 2000

Problems

17

Exercise 1

Determining permeability and skin factor

from a constant-rate flow test

drawdown test from an oil well. Estimate the effective

permeability to oil and the skin factor using the graphical analysis

technique for a constant-rate flow test.

q

= 250 STB/D

pi

= 4,412 psia

= 46 ft

= 12%

rw

= 0.365 ft

= 1.136 RB/STB

ct

= 17 x 10-6 psi-1

= 0.8 cp

t

2

3

4

6

8

10

12

15

NExT

pwf

3510.3

3492.7

3480.1

3462.4

3449.9

3440.2

3432.2

3422.5

t

18

24

30

36

48

60

72

pwf

3414.5

3402.0

3392.3

3384.3

3371.8

3362.1

3354.1

April 2000

Problems

18

Exercise 1

3600

Pressure, psi

3550

3500

3450

3400

3350

3300

1

10

100

Time, hrs

NExT

April 2000

Problems

19

Exercise 2

Determining permeability and reservoir

pressure from buildup tests

of an oil reservoir having the properties summarized below. The

well was produced at a constant rate of 80 STB/D for 999 hours

prior to being shut in. Determine the effective permeability to oil,

the original reservoir pressure, and skin factor.

m

rw

= 2.95 cp

= 0.25 ft

ct = 15 x 10-6 psi-1

h = 32 ft

= 15%

B = 1.25 RB/STB

= 80 STB/D

tp = 999 hrs

t

2

3

4

6

8

10

12

15

NExT

HTR

pws

t

HTR

2615.1

18

2623.9

24

2630.1

30

2638.9

36

2645.1

48

2649.9

60

2653.8

72

2658.6

pws

2662.5

2668.6

2673.3

2677.1

2683.1

2687.7

2691.4

April 2000

Problems

20

Exercise 2

2800

Pressure, psi

2750

2700

2650

2600

2550

2500

1000

100

10

NExT

April 2000

Problems

21

Wellbore Storage

NExT

April 2000

Problems

22

Exercise 1

Calculate WBS Coefficient For Single-Phase Liquid

Calculate the wellbore volume and WBS coefficient for a wellbore

filled with a single phase liquid. The well is 2600 ft deep and has 6

5/8, 24 lb/ft casing (5.921 ID). The bottomhole pressure is 1,690

psi. If the well is filled with water (cw = 4 x 10-6 psi-1) what is the

wellbore storage coefficient?

NExT

April 2000

Problems

23

Exercise 2

Calculate WBS Coefficient For Rising Liquid Level

Calculate the cross-sectional area and wellbore storage

coefficient for a wellbore with a rising liquid level. The well is

2600 ft deep and has 6 5/8, 24 lb/ft casing (5.921 ID). the

bottomhole pressure is 750 psi. If the well has a column of water

of density 1.04 g/cm3, in it, what is the wellbore storage

coefficient?

NExT

April 2000

Problems

24

Exercise 3

Calculate WBS Coefficient for Single-Phase Gas

A wellbore is filled with a single-phase gas. the well has 7200 ft

of 2 7/8 tubing (2.441 ID) and 375 ft of 6 5/8, 24 lb/ft casing

(5.921 ID). the average temperature in the wellbore is 155F,

and the average pressure is 2,775 psia. If the wellbore is filled

with gas having 0.77 gas gravity and 0.2% CO2, what is the WBS

coefficient?

NExT

April 2000

Problems

25

NExT

April 2000

Problems

26

Exercise 1

Pressure change, derivative, psi

1000

100

10

1

0.001

0.01

0.1

10

100

Equivalent time, hr

log-log graph above.

q = 50 STB/D

h = 25 ft

Bo = 1.099 RB/STB

NExT

= 27.6 %

rw = 0.36 ft

= 5.28 cp

April 2000

Problems

27

Exercise 2

Adjusted pressure change, derivative, psi

10000

1000

100

10

0.001

0.01

0.1

10

100

log-log graph above.

qg = 5108 Mscf/D

h = 4.4 ft

Bgi = 0.781 RB/Mscf

NExT

= 10 %

cti = 1.66 x 104 psi1

rw = 0.33 ft

gi = 0.0214 cp

April 2000

Problems

28

Exercise 3

Pressure change, derivative, psi

10000

1000

100

10

0.001

0.01

0.1

10

100

Equivalent time, hr

log-log graph above.

q = 1200 STB/D

h = 26 ft

Bo = 1.52 RB/Mscf

NExT

= 21.6 %

rw = 0.22 ft

= 0.29 cp

April 2000

Problems

29

Exercise 4

Adjusted pressure change, derivative, psi

10000

1000

100

10

0.1

10

100

1000

10000

log-log graph above.

qg = 380 Mscf/D

h = 6 ft

Bgi = 0.744 RB/Mscf

NExT

= 18 %

cti = 1.24 x 104 psi1

rw = 0.3 ft

gi = 0.024 cp

April 2000

Problems

30

the Diagnostic Plot

NExT

April 2000

Problems

31

Exercise 1

Flow Regimes and the Diagnostic Plot

FLOWREGM.WTD (Diagnostic Plot)

1000

100

10

0.1

0.01

0.0001

0.001

0.01

0.1

10

100

1000

10000

NExT

April 2000

- Aapg08 Chimney PosterUploaded bybella_ds
- Petroleum Geology Conference Series 1993 BURRUS 0041317Uploaded byKyle Wray
- Katz_Ch9_383_422Uploaded byManuel Romani
- Benchmarking of Steamflood Field Projects in LightMedium Crude OilsUploaded byCarlos Mario Paba Martinez
- high pressures while oil drilling in greeceUploaded byVassilios Kelessidis
- 2003 Phd - El-AhmadyUploaded byTariq Ali
- Spe 49269Uploaded byJorge Salinas
- reserve estimation - gasUploaded byadsnah
- Exploration - Regional EvaluationUploaded byBob Tchétché
- PETR8522 Simulation Project IUploaded byhardatwork
- Eor Shale Co2Uploaded byAnand Selveindran
- Fetkovich ViewUploaded byRahul Skullstar
- Seal Oil Barrier_ExcellentUploaded bysre_eram4160
- Dev PlanUploaded byEyoma Etim
- Dan3Uploaded byAdanenche Daniel Edoh
- 316562025-Training-Course-notes-pdf.pdfUploaded bylalu
- IM_EN_FinalUploaded byplyana
- Balance de materiales_NCR.pdfUploaded byKaro Huenufil Molina
- UPPP_Gamerules2015Uploaded byMihael Nemčić
- A_simple_analytical_model_for_predicting_sand_prod.pdfUploaded byEren Võ
- SPE-152066-PA (REPETIDO).pdfUploaded byFrancisco Laguardia
- 10 EquationsUploaded byFarica Elrica
- Abdelazim 20152304 advanced reservoir.pptxUploaded byAbdelazim Mohamed
- [Blasingame]_CIPC_2007_174Uploaded byjuan jose
- SPE-28630Uploaded bydanienrique17
- SPE Reservoir EvaluationUploaded byjesf_2014
- FlowrateUploaded byFreddy Mendoza Coronel
- SPE-1518-G.pdfUploaded byAhmad Faizil
- wdc_may11Uploaded byRaymond Joseferd
- Script FinalUploaded byFreddie Mercer

- pc_1_2012_rohani_153Uploaded byMarielis Sifontes
- 125864588-Some-Critical-Issues-4-Injection-Molding.pdfUploaded byhirensurat
- ProverbUploaded byhirensurat
- A Hand Book of ProverbsUploaded byhirensurat
- WWCI_TDB.pdfUploaded byJessenia Garcia Soria
- Drilling FluidsUploaded byhirensurat
- DD courseUploaded byCarlos Villacriz
- Anticollision_SLBUploaded bywelltest2012
- Beaufort Sea-BeaufortSeaUploaded bylulalala8888
- MPDUploaded byssoohhaamm
- 589Uploaded byhirensurat
- Define CoiledUploaded byhirensurat
- R0148Uploaded byhirensurat
- 29_subseaTTRDUploaded byhirensurat
- e6-193-12Uploaded byhirensurat
- High Temperature Application of Drilling Specialties PolymersUploaded byDrumil Baruah
- MPDUploaded bySyarifah Nur Ain
- Microhole CT Presentation Hart 2006 AugUploaded byhirensurat
- Paper 152Uploaded byhirensurat
- Best Practices Emerging for Erd WellsUploaded bygvgvgvgvrdrrdr
- UNU-GTP-SC-14-28Uploaded byhirensurat
- AADE-04-DF-HO-32Uploaded byhirensurat
- PlasmaBit-KristoficUploaded byhirensurat
- rr409Uploaded byJulo Desmazures
- Well Drilling Guideline April Release v.1.9 2015Uploaded byhirensurat
- Add 11644Uploaded byhirensurat
- p15_32Uploaded byhirensurat
- Managed PressureUploaded byAndresoPaez
- HPHT OperationsUploaded bymadonnite3781
- stuck pipeUploaded byyusuf2mail

- Rakshith Course File Part 1 r15 (1)Uploaded byideepuj
- Accum_Vol.xls Jean VergesUploaded byPeter Dhanaraj
- Thermal Efficiency ComputationUploaded byspnx13
- ZP2_A_EUUploaded byRaquel Alexandre
- Calculation of Liquid QuantitiesUploaded byMarcio Farias
- Week 1Uploaded byKinosraj Kumaran
- Hydrostatic Bearings PadUploaded bysandy_m39
- Lab 1Uploaded byAbdalla Mohamed Abdalla
- Physical Properties of Liquids and GasesUploaded byGustavoSierra
- 09_Subsurface_Safety_Equip.pdfUploaded byFalokid Rabo
- 11007611 M318S-Steering PumpUploaded byzeck28
- 105215178 Erosion GuidelinesUploaded byPilar Ruiz Ramirez
- Experimentally Tuned Dual Stage Hydrogen Compressor for Improved Compression RatioUploaded byMateus
- Klasifikasi Bahan Berbahaya Part2Uploaded byMufti Pamungkas
- Group 11Uploaded bysandykale10
- Binks Pressure Cup ManualUploaded bysask100
- Formulas and constants for gas engine design .. (1910)Uploaded byTaliaNara
- EoKS Mock Paper 2 4-7Uploaded bymargit
- flow_basics.pptUploaded bychayan_m_shah
- Case Study Deepwater World 2011 D LawsonUploaded byRexx Mexx
- Buku Ajar English MesinUploaded byMuhammad Farid Rahman
- The Design and Layout of Vertical Thermosyphon ReboilersUploaded bykphk1979
- Methanol to Control Water Freezing ReportUploaded bypanos1959
- Investigation of Horizontal Well Fracture Extension Pattern Based on Downhole Pressure Data Ali Daneshy, Daneshy Consultants Int'lUploaded byAli Zareeforoush
- SERIE 104 RTC COUPLINGS.pdfUploaded byHIDRAFLUID
- AFCAT GK General ScienceUploaded byrustam1rio
- Cavitation - An IntroductionUploaded byPaijo Tejo
- ASTM D4096-91 Determination of Total Suspended Particulate Matter in the Atmosphere (High–Volume Sampler Method)Uploaded byFred Renard
- The Prediction of Bubble-point Pressure and Bubble-point OilUploaded bystanlnleybuduka
- 106T1951_d Device SummaryUploaded byMaulik Dave