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SENTENCES TRANFORMATION

8 questions worth a maximum of 2 marks
You are given an original sentence, a single word in capitals and in bold and a second
sentence with a gap. You have to use the single word, without changing it, plus up to four
more words to fill the gap, so that the second sentence means the same as the first.
The Irish man was determined to pay for our drinks.
INSISTED
The Irish man ...................................................... for our drinks*.
Many students consider this to be the hardest part of the exam.
15 minutes to do Part Four
* The Irish man insisted on paying for our drinks.
Typical Questions
1-2 questions on modal verbs and semi-modal verbs
1-2 questions on phrasal verbs and multi-word verbs
1-2 transformations from the active voice to the passive
1-2 questions on verb patterns such as verb + preposition + -ing
1 transformation from direct speech to reported speech occasional questions involving:common idioms

linking words

the third conditional
do and make

look like and seem

regret and wish

MODAL VERBS AND SEMI-MODAL VERBS
The most frequently recurring modal verb transformations are:PREFER to WOULD RATHER

BE ALLOWED TO to LET

I prefer to arrive an hour early.
RATHER
I would rather arrive an hour early.
He wasn't allowed to go because of his parents.
LET
His parents would not let him go.

It was bad of you to use my mobile without my permission

This online exercise will help you with active to passive voice transitions:ACTIVE TO PASSIVE TRANSFORMATIONS A strange type of passive which you sometimes get in Part 4 is TO HAVE SOMETHING DONE. a wide variety of these verbs can turn up in the exam. PHRASAL VERBS AND MULTI-WORD VERBS Unfortunately. which to a native speaker sounds rather contrived and belongs more to the narrative genre than standard English use. See an example below:They say he eats snakes. Here is a list of some patterns which have turned up in the exam:ACCUSE He accused me OF using his phone. SAID He is said to eat snakes. This online exercise will help you prepare:- . SUCCEED She succeeded IN getting her degree. FEEL LIKE I didn't feel LIKE watching TV. VERB PATTERNS (VERB + PREPOSITION + -ING) TRANSFORMATIONS For these type of transformations you need to study verb valencies or verb patterns. Nevermind. PREVENT Her parents prevented her FROM going camping.OUGHT You ought to have asked before you used my mobile. Here are some examples:CARRY ON to continue PAY ATTENTION TO to take notice of CARRY OUT to do or follow intructions or orders PUT OFF COME UP WITH to establish to have an idea SET UP GET IN TOUCH WITH to contact TAKE CARE OF LOOK UP TO to admire TURN UP to arrive or attend to postpone or delay to look after ACTIVE VOICE TO PASSIVE TRANSFORMATIONS The most frequent type of passive transformation use the key word SAID. APOLIGISE I apoligised FOR forgetting her birthday. INSIST He insisted ON going out in the rain.

VERB WITH PREPOSITIONS AND GERUNDS REPORTED SPEECH TRANSFORMATIONS Here is an example:'How far is Madrid from here?' Pepe asked Almudena. . FAR Pepe asked Almudena how far Madrid was from there .