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# 90 -:

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## 1 . An isentropic process is always

(c) frictionless and irreversible

## 2. Steady flow occurs when

(a) conditions do not change with time at any point (b) conditions are the same at adjacent points at any instant
(c) conditions change steadily with the time
3. The first law of thermodynamics for steady flow
(a) accounts for all energy entering and leaving a control volume
(b) is an energy balance for a specified mass of fluid
(c) is an expression of the conservation of linear momentum
(d) is primarily concerned with heat transfer
(e) is restricted in its application to perfect gases.
4- The characteristic equation of gases pV = mRT holds good for
(a) monoatomic gases (b) diatomic gas (c) real gases (d) ideal gases (e) mixture of gases.
5-Work done in a free expansion process is
(a) zero
(b) minimum
(c) maximum

(d) positive

## 6-Which of the following is not a property of the system ?

(a) Temperature (b) Pressure (c) Specific volume

(d) Heat

(e) negative.

## (e) None of the above.

7- In the polytropic process equation pvn = constant, if n is infinitely large, the process is termed as
(a) constant volume
(b) constant pressure
(e) isothermal.
8- The processes or systems that do not involve heat are called
(a) isothermal processes (b) equilibrium processes (c) thermal processes
9- During throttling process
(a) internal energy does not change
(c) entropy does not change
10- Second law of thermodynamics defines
(a) heat
(b) work
(c) enthalpy

## (b) pressure does not change

(d) enthalpy does not change

(d) entropy

(a) zero
(b) minimum
(c) maximum
(d) infinite

(e) unity.

## 12-. Isentropic flow is

(a) irreversible adiabatic flow (b) ideal fluid flow (c) frictionless reversible flow (d) reversible adiabatic flow.
13- If the temperature of the source is increased, the efficiency of the Carnot engine
(a) decreases
(b) increases
(c) does not change
(d) will be equal to the efficiency of a practical engine
(e) depends on other factors.
14. The efficiency of an ideal Carnot engine depends on
(a) working substance
(b) on the temperature of the source only
(c) on the temperature of the sink only (d) on the temperatures of both the source and the sink

## 15-In a reversible cycle, the entropy of the system

(a) increases
(b) decreases
(c) does not change (d) first increases and then decreases
(e) depends on the properties of working substance.
16-Which of the following statements is correct according to Clausius statement of second law of thermodynamics ?
(a) It is impossible to transfer heat from a body at a lower temperature to a body at a higher temperature
(b) It is impossible to transfer heat from a body at a lower temperature to a body at a higher temperature, without
the aid of an external source.
(c) It is possible to transfer heat from a body at a lower temperature to a body at a higher temperature by using
refrigeration cycle
(d) None of the above.
17-. According to Kelvin-Plancks statement of second law of thermodynamics
(a) It is impossible to construct an engine working on a cycle, whose sole purpose is to convert heat energy into
work
(b) It is possible to construct an engine working on a cycle, whose sole purpose is to convert the heat energy into work
(c) It is impossible to construct a device which while working in a cycle produces no effect other than the transfer of heat
from a colder body to a hotter body
(d) None of the above.
18- A car engine produces an average of 25 kW of power in a period of 10-min during which 1.25 kg of gasoline is
consumed. If the heating value of gasoline is 43,000 kJ/kg, the efficiency of this engine during this operation is
a) 24%
b) 28%
c) 32%
d) 36%
19- The air contained in a room loses heat to the surroundings at a rate of 50 kJ/min while work is supplied to the room by
computer, TV, and lights at a rate of 1.2 kW. What is the net amount of energy change of the air in the room during a
30-min period?
a) 0.36 kJ
b) 70 kJ
c) 660 kJ
d) 1100 kJ
20-A 1000 kg automobile accelerates from 10 km/hr to 120 km/hr. How much work does this require?
a) 0 kJ
b) 501 kJ
c) 552 kJ
d) 780 kJ

2- A proposal is made to use a geothermal supply of hot water to operate a steam turbine, as shown in Fig. 1. The highpressure water at 1.5 MPa, 180C, is throttled into a flash evaporator chamber, which forms liquid and vapor at a lower
pressure of 400 kPa. The liquid is discarded while the saturated vapor feeds the turbine and exits at 10 kPa, 90%
quality. If the turbine should produce 1 MW, find the required mass flow rate of hot geothermal water in kilograms per
hour (neglect the change of the kinetic energy and potential energy) .
3- A two- stage compressor having an intercooler takes in air, 300 K and 100 kPa, and compresses it to 2 Mpa, as shown in
fig. 2 . the cooler then cools the air to 340 k, the exit pressure of the second stage is 15 MPa. Both stage are adiabatic
and revesible. Find the specific work. Compare this to the work required with no intercooler.

## From table state 1

h1= 763.05 kJ/kg
h1= hf@400kPa + X . hfg@400kPa = 604.66 + X . 2133.4 = 763.05 X = 0.07439 = mv /mtotal = m2 /m1
From table state 2
h2 = hg@400kPa = 2738.1 kJ/kg

## From table state 3

h3 = hf@10kPa + X . hfg@10kPa = 191.81 + 0.9 2392.1 = 2344.69 kJ/kg

15000 kPa

T
2

2000 kPa
100 kPa

340 K

300 K

=
.
.

2000
= 300
100

=
.
.

15000
= 340
2000

=
(

=
=

/
/

15000
= 300
100

=
=

.
.

## ) = 1.4 (1220.18 300) = 1288.252

The work done for one stage without cooling is greater than the work done for two stage with
intercooling
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