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SPE 78313

A Novel Underbalanced Perforating Gun Deployment System Using Production Packer
Technology Successfully Completes HP/HT Offshore Horizontal Well in a Single Trip
Martin Beveridge, Shell U.K. Exploration and Production, Thomas Robb, SPE, and Steve Herron, Halliburton Energy
Services, Inc.
Copyright 2002, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc.
This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE 13th European Petroleum Conference
held in Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K., 29–31 October 2002.
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Abstract
An innovative completion method was recently used to
complete a well in the Skua oil field in the central area of the
North Sea. The Skua field is part of the ETAP (Eastern Trough
Area Project) and is borderline high-pressure/high-temperature
(HP/HT) with a reservoir pressure of 9,350 psi and a reservoir
temperature of 307 °F. The initial field development plan was
to have one subsea well with a horizontal reservoir section of
2,000 ft to drain the prospect. Production would be tied back
to a central processing platform.
The completion design for this well had to address
several challenges.
1. What method could be selected for sand control in the long
horizontal section
2. What equipment would maintain integrity in near HP/HT
well conditions
3. What configuration would allow the completion to be run
underbalanced without completion isolation devices.
Several completion options were reviewed. A new gundeployment system based on production packer technology
was chosen because it appeared to offer the best option for
meeting all the well requirements. The system would also
allow the tubing-conveyed perforating (TCP) guns to be
recovered if they failed to fire or malfunction.
Orientated perforating guns were used to mitigate sand
production. The gun system was deployed from a novel
polished bore receptacle (PBR) and permanent packer system
that allowed for retrieval of the guns should they fail to fire or
malfunction after the packer had been set. The polished bore
receptacle and hydraulically set permanent packer were

designed with the guns hung off the seal assembly of the
polished bore receptacle and the tailpipe run through the
permanent packer to the TCP guns.
A significant feature of the hydraulically set packer-TCP
gun deployment system is that it allows contingencies for
recovery of the completion and TCP guns from the well in the
event of a total or partial perforation misfire. This was a
necessary requirement in view of the fact that a long
perforation gun string was to be deployed in a hightemperature reservoir where there would be an increased risk
of gun failure due to the ambient reservoir conditions.
The Skua well was completed with a fully cemented liner.
The completion and TCP guns were run, and the well was
successfully completed and perforated underbalanced (without
an isolation device) in a single trip.
Introduction
This paper will describe the selection method as well as the
development, testing, and implementation of a new TCP
permanent production packer system.
The Skua field is operated by Shell U.K. Exploration and
Production on behalf of Shell and Exxon Mobil and situated in
the Central North Sea block 22/24a (Fig 1). The subsea
development well, Skua S1, was successfully drilled and
completed with first oil produced in October of 2001. The well
was designed for an initial production rate of 25,000 BOPD.
The well is a subsea tieback exporting oil production via
flowline to the BP operated central processing facility. (See
Fig. 2)
Skua is a near-HP/HT field with initial reservoir pressure
of 9,350 psi and 307o F bottomhole temperature (Table 1).
The Skua reservoir fluid is a highly pressured, undersaturated
light oil of 42 degrees API gravity. The Skagerrak reservoir is
located at a depth of 11,735 ft TVDSS, 13,170 ft along hole
below drill floor (AHBDF) and is accessed with a 2000 ft
horizontal liner section to maximize production from
compartmentalized zones.
Principle Completion Design Parameters
The required design parameters were developed as follows:
• Production at an initial rate of 20-25 k BOPD, maximum
design rate of 30 k BOPD.

However. Oriented perforating was selected as the most viable option to lessen the risk of the onset of sand production. the drawback to this method was that future interventions could not be performed. A detailed assessment of comparisons showed that the TCP permanent packer system where long perforating guns have been run and left across the reservoir throughout the life of the well could offer important benefits for the Skua completion.500 ft (2000 ft in the horizontal) of oriented TCP guns and spacer assemblies to be run into the liner. AND S. based on the limitation of connections in compression. Perforating Options. Isolation valve technology. problems such as debris settling on the valve ports. However. and coiled-tubing deployed perforating • “Shoot and pull” with TCP guns • Cemented liner. Thus. and these factors further added risk to the possibility of sealface scoring during gun deployment. which would be exposed to damage when running the perforating gun system in a liner top design. the indications were that sand screens would lead to excessive pressure drops and subsequent productivity impairment due to ineffective filtercake pop off. furthermore. Due to of the level of residual risk for this type of installation. Cesium Formate) are damaging to completion equipment elastomeric seals. Completion Configurations. Determine and apply a completion metallurgy compatible with HP/HT formation fluids. The orientation subassemblies of the gun string contained upset and external stepdiameter profiles. tubing-stress analysis comparisons of alternative options indicated that tubing/packer configurations that loaded the completion with restrained downward movement would potentially overstress the tubing. which would subsequently prevent their re-opening. Fig. had occurred. This method attempts to defer sand production by perforating in the plane of maximum rock strength in order to maintain the mechanical sand strength surrounding the perforating tunnels. Minimize installation risks and maximize lifetime reliability Provide contingencies in the event of installation failures. heavyweight brines (e. BEVERIDGE. Feasibility Studies Sand Production. failure of valve to close and allow bleed down to recover SPE 78313 guns) in other less hostile subsea developments. A final assessment of decision tree options. and the consensus was to favor a well design that would either minimize the number of perforating runs (J-shaped slanted well) or leave the guns across the reservoir downhole.2: • Sandface completion (screens) with an isolation valve device • Cemented liner. 3 illustrates the first 4 options. permanent packer. The final assessments indicated that when considering overall completion installation risk management and accessing reserves to meet targeted well performance at an acceptable field development cost. it was concluded that a liner-top completion design with tubing stab-in seals was not an optimal solution for Skua. Also. and orientated TCP guns • PBR/permanent packer gun-deployment system. but finally discounted as an option. the potential for sand production would most likely increase. Provision of a downhole wash water injection system via tubing/casing annulus to mitigate Halite/Scale/Asphaltene deposition in the wellbore. had historically proven to be problematic (e. Furthermore. These included premium sand screen/predrilled liners. Concept Feasibility and Selection Process Because of the long horizontal reservoir section and near HP/HT conditions. The Skua well-planning feasibility studies had also identified the high risk of completing a long horizontal section with multiple coiled-tubing-perforating (CTP) runs under pressure at near HP/HT conditions. The occurrence of sealbore damage due to frictional wear and scoring would be more difficult to avoid if the linertop completion design option was chosen.g.2 • • • • • M. HERRON Use oriented perforations to defer potential sand production. . gun misfire or low-order detonation was a key risk for this type of completion since the perforation design required approximately 3. It was considered that this method of passive sand prevention involved fewer operational risks when compared with conventional sand control methods. Using a completion isolation valve to isolate reservoir pressure across a sandface completion or to recover the guns was considered. several options were considered1. isolation valves were not considered further. the option of leaving the guns across the reservoir would provide the best compromise. Following a detailed review of active sand control options and experimental core flood tests.g. the completion design of the Skua S1 well had to address a number of challenges. However. expandable sand screens and oriented perforations. The relative merits of both liner top and production packer configurations during the concept selection process were also reviewed. gravel-pack. A “shoot and kill” perforating operation was rejected on the basis that kill fluid would compromise reservoir productivity by damaging the formation. and risks for the considered well completion design led to the decision that the base-case well design for Skua should be a horizontal wellbore across the reservoir. after approximately 2 years of pressure depletion. ROBB. liner top completion. T. Mechanical sand-strength studies predicted that there would be no sand production during the early stages of production. further concept studies were performed to assess alternative sandface completion designs. Another important factor to consider was the potential for damage to a primary sealbore. To mitigate this risk. economics. 1% CO2 and <5ppm H2S.

positioned above the washwater injection mandrel as a contingency for tubing tests. and the seal mandrel extended down through the packer to the 3 ½-in. Design Philosophy of the Hydraulic-set-TCP Packer The chosen system offered several significant advantages. scale and Asphalthene deposits in the wellbore.750 ft TVDSS. Surface-Controlled Subsurface Safety Valve. After considering this possibility. nipple in the safety valve would be used as a contingency for the insert valve. The shear rating of the PBR shear ring would be designed for all load-case scenarios in combined production and washwater injection operations. Packer components for the system had already been proven. . therefore. ported debris barrier.2# tubing to set the packer and a 4. tubing-retrievable flapper valve was selected and set at approximately 1.9. desulphated. The packer fluid was inhibited freshwater cleaned up to <. The tubing selected was 25% Cr. the decision to use a hydraulically set production packer rather than a liner top configuration was finally made. the high-temperature production fluid effects.562-in. The live gun sections then self align using the mass of the weighted spacers oriented to the low side under gravity and assisted by intermediate swivel sub-assemblies. Perforating. The induced stress. e. The stress calculations indicated that cyclical loads could affect the long term reliability and the integrity of the static seals. PBR were used to isolate the production casing and to provide an anchor for gun deployment (Fig 5).000 psi and 325°F and set in the casing above the 7-in. A separate seal at the lower end of the seal mandrel packed off inside the bottom sub of the packer to allow the packer to be hydraulically set by pressuring against a plug in the 3½-in.2# tubing. The well design dictated the tubing weight and grade. The guns were designed to orientate using weighted spacers and orientation subs with ballistic feed-through assemblies especially adapted for Skua HPHT conditions. only a qualification program for the Skua HP/HT and washwater injection conditions would be required. liner tie-back packer. Washwater Injection Mandrel.-9. and the contingency completion recovery requirements.000 lbf shear ring and was designed to maintain the seals in a static position. A non-equalizing valve was selected for simplicity and reliability. this had been designed to provide a reliable primary seal during the production lifecycle. if unrestrained. A washwater injection mandrel was used to allow the injection of treated. There were still several design issues to consider.02% suspended solids and particle size of less than 10 microns. This ensured that the packer design envelope would comply with all the safety factors stated by the Shell tubing-stress analysis guidelines and the extensive qualification and quality assurance program that had been initiated. Two of the primary benefits were that it would allow a contingency for recovery of mis-fired guns and elimination of potential sealbore damage during gun deployment. Two slickline nipples were included in the tubing string: A 2. Packer Fluid. The hyperquartz gauge was capable of recording pressure within the 0 to 20. and 6–in.SPE 78313 A NOVEL UNDERBALANCED PERFORATING GUN DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM USING PRODUCTION PACKER TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETES AN HP/HT OFFSHORE HORIZONTAL WELL IN A SINGLE TRIP Another factor considered was the effect of the additional compressive loading. (See Fig. permanent packer.-9. To eliminate motion. The calculations determined that the most severe load case limitation was calculated to occur during bullhead injection operations. Design stress analysis load cases were modeled for the proposed TCP packer. A 5½-in. A 4..562-in. nipple in the mandrel was used to set the injection-valve lock mandrel. The final well schematic is shown in Fig 4. The equipment was rated for 10.437-in. 5 ½in. A 4.-20# Vam Top HT.2# tubing below the packer. 9. de-oxygenated seawater into the production tubing via a wireline-deployed injection valve.g. The TCP tool string consisted of a slickline deployed firing head. The PBR had a 20-ft stroke.313-in. The TCP packer contains a shear-ring mechanism in the PBR to eliminate tubing and dynamic-seal movement. and two ported flow subs. 125 MY. scale squeeze. The initially high temperatures and pressures in Skua would impose severe tubing stress conditions during combined production and washwater injection cycles. 2-7/8-in. anchor. 3 ½-in.–9. due to annulus washwater injection. 6-spf orientated TCP guns were selected to cross over below the 3 ½-in. Completion Design The next stage was to design the completion. The oriented TCP gun assemblies and inter-gun ballistic swivel connectors were extensively tested and qualified under Skua environmental conditions for 400 hours at 325º F. fill sub.2# Vam Top. it was decided to maintain the seals in a normally static position and only allow disengagement of the shear ring during the most severe cases of tubing contraction. which would impose severe contraction and tensile loads in the tubing. Washwater injection was required to mitigate against Halite. positioned in the 3 ½-in. The PBR was designed with a 150. and the produced fluid conditions dictated the metallurgical specification. Hydraulically-set TCP Packer. would generate significant seal travel across the bore such that there would be likelihood of eventual wear on the primary production PBR seals. A 9-7/8-in. 6) The planned configuration using permanently latched tubing seals in the PBR would provide the greatest degree of seal reliability by preventing motion of the seals throughout the normal production life of the well.000-psi range and the 10 to 350º F range.2# tubing. Slickline Nipples. and tubing loads were calculated. 3 Permanent Downhole Gauge. The tubing below the packer was super 13% Cr. 110 MY. The details of the completion equipment are summarized below: Tubing.

Therefore. inner string and mis-fired guns could then be pulled back through the packer. hot evacuation. should the guns misfire. PBR. The following conditions were identified for qualifying and testing the packer/PBR system to the Skua well conditions: • ISO 14310 V3 Packer/PBR system test at 325º F.x 4-in. A 10. The permanent packer was a 10. Testing. x 3 ½-in. • Overpull PBR and shear 150. The required test design envelope was determined from the tubing stress analysis and thermal model (Fig. early production. permanent packer.000-psi internal body test at ambient was completed on the assembly prior to the envelope test.® and Ryton® vee packing was used on the PBR and ratch latch to maintain pressure integrity over the wide range of temperatures. • TCP guns interface trials. safety and environmental risks primarily associated with manual handling of equipment at height. 6). The Packer/PBR system was qualified to ISO 14310 V3 at 325ºF and was tested in the actual 9-7/8-in. The qualification and prototype testing program was formulated to closely reflect the well life-cycle operating conditions to which the packer would be exposed in Skua S1. cyclic temperatures and pressures were applied after the PBR shear ring was sheared to simulate life of well operations such as scale squeeze. the design would allow a tubing overpull to shear out the shear ring from the PBR. The other completion equipment had a similar qualification regime applied or been field proven in similar well conditions in the North Sea. This removed any air between the seals and the potential for an atmospheric chamber. This involved designing a special SPE 78313 chamber to attach to the top of the PBR and hook up to the test ram. The ISO 14310 V3 test was completed on the prototype system at the deep well simulator in Dallas. Also. as it avoided using a complicated stack up of equipment at a test well facility. Development and Qualification The detailed design review for the selected packer included the criteria required for the testing and qualifying program to assure compliance with the Shell quality assurance plan. The complete assembly measured 46 ft including the top and bottom pup . and thus. the completion can be run as a conventional TCP deployment operation. seal bore • A 20-ft stroke. Thus. T. Repeat cycle 3 times. Packer differential pressure and thermal modeling data provided input parameters for developing the testing program. and scale squeeze. Wet-Stab. A backup packer system can then be re-run with a replacement packer set above. The Skua well was modeled to determine all the load cases during the life of the well. Hydraulic-set TCP Packer. with tension and compression. ROBB. The well was considered HP/HT. one-piece PBR • A prototype PBR with the stroke reduced to 10 ft to fit into the deep well simulator. leaving the PBR sealbore and packer set downhole. seal bore to allow the packer to be set conventionally with an additional seal mandrel on the inner string.5-in. A 150. HERRON Contingency Operation The special TCP packer configuration contains a 5 ½-in.4 Existing equipment was available but this had to be modified to suit the Skua well conditions and the new concept for running the TCP guns. 8500 psi. x 4in.000-psi-rated packer with a Nitrile element and metal back-up rings. and ratch latch were selected and modified to accommodate the inner string running down through the inside of the packer to the TCP guns. After a review of the wet stabbing procedure. A 9-7/8-in. The upper completion. internal string from which the TCP perforating gun string is supported.000 lbf PBR shear ring at 325º F. The modifications included: • A PBR seal mandrel crossover from 5 ½-in. and extended through packer ID • Additional moulded seals added to the seal mandrel for setting packer • A packer bottom sub extended for 4. ratch latch. casing used for Skua.3 Inconel 718 alloy material was used for the well conditions. The PBR seal assembly was designed to remain static during life of the well operations and to shear during cold kill or scale squeeze only. BEVERIDGE. and these included pressure tests. In a worst-case scenario. leaving the original packer redundant. precautions were taken to mitigate trapped atmospheric pressure between the seals. The seal mandrel was installed in the horizontal position and wet stabbed at the same time. the seals were stabbed into the PBR submerged in a bath of silicon oil. the prototype test conditions would closely emulate the predicted maximum and minimum environmental conditions for various stages of the well life and would allow safety factors to be verified within the design stress envelope.5-in. x 3 ½-in.4 M. AND S. Three systems were manufactured: primary and backup production systems for the Skua well and a prototype system for testing.000 lbf shear ring was selected to meet these requirements. 6-in. • PBR thermal/dynamic tests at 325º F/125º F and stroking the seals 4-ft under constant pressure. The packer/PBR system had to be qualified to the Skua load conditions. Load Cases. Teflon. Polished Bore Receptacle. late production with maximum annulus pressure (washwater injection). Viton®. it was decided to complete this operation in a horizontal position during the assembly stage rather than use a test rig and wet stab in the vertical position. The bottom sub of the packer was extended for a 4. packer and seal mandrel. To eliminate this concern. A 200º F thermal cycle. The packer/PBR assembly was pressure tested individually before assembly make-up of the PBR. This eliminated any health .

another subsea development consisting of 4 wells with an average bottomhole pressure of 7.000 lbf. Houston. and this was expended after the packer was tested. an overpull with the hydraulic jack. After the tests were completed. the TCP assembly was made up to the bottom of the 3½-in. The method optimizes the completion design and allows completions to be carried out in a single trip for both standard and HP/HT applications.000 psi) that are similar to those used in the Skua well. Before setting the packer. The temperature was increased to 325º F. pup joint below the packer. the packer was tested from above and below. D.. casing was inspected and used at the packer setting depth. The use of a PBR in a near HP/HT well can offer the benefits of a static seal during the life of the well operations as well as the flexibility of a dynamic seal for contingencies or workovers. the well was inflow and pressure tested with inhibited fresh water. 7).: “HP/HT Horizontal Sand Control Completion. and the BOP stack retrieved. the test fixture was tested at temperature to ensure pressure integrity. and the tubing-hanger plug was retrieved.000 lbf due to the rating of the PBR shear ring. This envelope covered all the pertinent Skua load cases. Low-pressure systems are also being used for the Penguin project. the casing was milled and split to provide access to the packer/PBR for inspection. Tubing hanger plugs were set. After the plug was retrieved. casing joint with test fixtures to allow make up to the hydraulic jack. for their encouragement and permission to publish this paper. casing. In the final test. axial load. a scraping operation to clean the casing was performed and an ultrasonic inspection log run. sheared the PBR shear ring and allow the seals to travel in the PBR seal bore. For testing purposes. The temperature was reduced to 120ºF and tested with pressure below and tensile axial load. A.500 psi at the end of each stroke. The completion was run without incident and successfully commissioned. and a 500-psi underbalance was set to perforate the well with time delay initiation. The temperature in the deep-well simulator can be controlled at 325º F and allows independent application of pressure above or below the packer with applied tubing loads. 2. either tensile or compressive. The casing was cut for access. The packer/PBR system was tested in the Skua 9-7/8-in. Conclusions From the success of this installation. A pump-out plug was used to set the packer.500 psi.: “Completion of Large-Bore High Pressure/High Temperature Wells: Design and Experience. Inc. A. the following conclusions have been made: 1. The stroke test was repeated 6 times before cooling the test fixture down to ambient temperature.S.. Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank Shell U. The tests were performed both at 325º F and 125º F and pressure tested to 8. D. The Xmas tree was run and tested. and the test was repeated with pressure below and the tensile axial load. . May 2000. The extensive development and test program for the Skua well conditions contributed to the successful installation of the hydraulic-set TCP packer. The well was cleaned up and performance evaluated. The tensile axial load was limited to 120. November 2000. The test fixtures were removed (cut) with the slick joint. a 10-ft PBR was used to allow the assembly to be lifted into the deep well simulator. leaving only the packer/PBR assembly inside the 9 7/8-in. The completion was run. References 1.. A slickline plug was set in the nipple below packer. An alternative cost-efficient and safe method for successfully completing and perforating long horizontal sections underbalanced has been qualified and field proven. All the components were inspected and found to be within tolerance with no damage to any of the seals or elements. and the hanger was landed. The TCP gun firing head was deployed on slickline. casing was installed. Dundas. The casing and packer/PBR system were removed from the deep-well simulator and laid horizontally. the assembly was pulled through the packer to ensure that no hang up points/shoulders would prevent the TCP guns from traveling through the packer.K. 2. The packer operating envelope was traced with differential pressures of 8. A surface readout provided data points of pressure. Law. and Halliburton Energy Services.SPE 78313 A NOVEL UNDERBALANCED PERFORATING GUN DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM USING PRODUCTION PACKER TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETES AN HP/HT OFFSHORE HORIZONTAL WELL IN A SINGLE TRIP joints. Provides additional Risk mitigation measures when running long TCP assemblies. At 325ºF. 3. Exploration and Production and Esso Exploration and Production UK Ltd. and the tubing pressure was tested to 5000 psi to set the packer. Prior to running the completion.” Paper OTC 12120. Offshore Technology Conference. 4. leaving only the casing around the packer. Calgary. The prototype assembly was manufactured with exactly the same materials and elastomers that would be used in the production units. spaced out.500 psi. This operation was repeated in both directions.J. Humphreys. and the test fixtures made up to the hydraulic jack (shown in Fig. These systems are also utilising permanent packer/PBR configurations (rated for 6.” Paper 65515 presented at International Conference on Horizontal Well Technology. Reid. 5. The compressive axial load was 200. Thermal dynamic tests were performed by stroking the seals 4-ft up and down the seal bore at constant differential pressures of 4.200 psi. The authors also wish to acknowledge the Skua well project team and associated service companies for their contribution to the successful delivery of the Skua well. The 9-7/8in. After the casing and liner were 5 run and cemented. Completion Installation Specifically selected 9-7/8-in. stroke and temperature.

HERRON Ray. Jakarta. M. 1 — Location of Skua oil field Puffin Erskine . SPE 78313 Viton® (Vinylidene Flouride) – Registered trademark of Dupont Company Teflon® (Polytetrafluoroethylene) – Registered trademark of Dupont Company Ryton® (Polyphenylene Sulfide) – Registered trademark of Phillips Petroleum Company Table 1 – Initial Conditions Reservoir Depth (top of target) Length horizontal section Initial Reservoir Pressure Initial Reservoir temperature Fluid Density Bubble Point Initial solution GOR CO2 H2S Cloride Skagerrak 11735’TVD. BEVERIDGE.” Paper 39573 presented at Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition.93 mol % <5 ppm 250000 mg/l Mungo Aberdeen Monan Marnock Mirren Skua Egret Scoter Heron Machar Shearwater Elgin Franklin Fig. AND S. Indonesia. 12500’ MD 2000 ft 9350 psi 307 F 41. T. 4.6 3.. February 1998. 20-22 April 1999.. New Delhi. Ray. T: “High Pressure/High Temperature (HP/HT) Seals for Oil and Gas Production. Williford. ROBB. T.: “Selection of Metallurgy and Elastomers Used in Completion Products to Achieve Predicted Product Integrity for the HP/HT Oil and Gas Fields of Indonesia. J.8 API 2940 psi 815 scf/stb 0.” Paper SPE 54291 presented at the SPE Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference & Exhibition. Rice P.

SPE 78313 A NOVEL UNDERBALANCED PERFORATING GUN DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM USING PRODUCTION PACKER TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETES AN HP/HT OFFSHORE HORIZONTAL WELL IN A SINGLE TRIP Fig. 2 — Schematic of the ETAP production facilities 7 .

T. 3 — Four of the completion options considered SPE 78313 Liner Top Completion • cemented liner • orientated TCP guns • liner top packer . ROBB. BEVERIDGE. HERRON Sandface Completion • open hole • screens • completion isolation valve • sandface packer • production packer CT perforate • cemented liner • permanent packer • CT perforate Shoot and pull • cemented liner • overbalance brine • TCP guns Fig.8 M. AND S.

562" AO F Nipple 11602ft 11617ft 11700ft Liner Tie-back Isolation Packer 3 1/2" F low Sub 3 1/2" Vam Top Spacer Tubing 3 1/2" F low Sub 3 1/2" Debris Sub 12500ft Slickl ine Deployed Firing Head Assembly 2 7/8" Spacer Guns Top Shot ca.875" Nipple Profiles ) 320ft A-T RSSV (1. 15591ft Fig.313") PBR (Latched) 11510ft 9 7/8" MHR TCP Production Packer 11542ft 2.SPE 78313 A NOVEL UNDERBALANCED PERFORATING GUN DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM USING PRODUCTION PACKER TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETES AN HP/HT OFFSHORE HORIZONTAL WELL IN A SINGLE TRIP Tubin g Hanger (4. 12603ft 1. 4 — Skua S1 Well Configuration 9 .75" and 1.875") Productio n TRSCSSV (4.562") 10 3/4 x 9 7/8 x-over 9 7/8" Casing Electrical PDHG 11410ft 4.437" AO F Nipple 11467ft 11497ft Wash Water Injection Mandrel (4.000 ft of 2 7/8" Oriented Guns Bottom Shot Ca.000 ft of 2 7/8" Oriented Guns 13591ft Heel Point 16088ft =TD 2.

HERRON Polished Bore Receptacle Seal Assembly Packer CN05832 to TCP Guns Fig. ROBB. BEVERIDGE. T. 5 — Hydraulically-set TCP Packer SPE 78313 .10 M. AND S.

A NOVEL UNDERBALANCED PERFORATING GUN DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM USING PRODUCTION PACKER TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETES AN HP/HT OFFSHORE HORIZONTAL WELL IN A SINGLE TRIP SPE 78313 300000 PRESSURE (psi) Above 11 Below Tensile 200000 D -8000 0 -6000 -4000 -2000 0 2000 4000 6000 -100000 Compression -10000 FORCE (lbs) 100000 -200000 -300000 Fig. 6 — Test design stress envelope determined from modeling and analysis 8000 10000 .

7 —Deep well simulator used for prototype testing . ROBB. AND S. HERRON SPE 78313 Tool Loading Jack Power Pack for Tool Loading Jack Load Flange Heating System Air Handler and Controls Hot Air Flow Path Hot Air Discharge Hot Air Return 3337 Packer Fig. T. BEVERIDGE.12 M.