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PARABOLA(CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY).
PRACTICE FOR IIT-JEE.

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(1)

04 - PARABOLA

Page 1

**Find the co-ordinates of the focus, length of the latus-rectum and equation of the
**

2

directrix of the parabola x = - 8y.

(2)

**If the line 3x + 4y + k = 0 is a tangent to the parabola y
**

obtain the co-ordinates of the point of contact.

= 12x, then find k and

ce

.c

16

, -8

Ans : k = 16,

3

2

om

[ Ans: ( 0, - 2 ), 8, y = 2 ]

( 1, 3 ) to the parabola

ra

**( 3 ) Derive the equations of the tangents drawn fr m the point
**

2

y = 8x. Obtain the co-ordinates of the point f c nta t.

**Find the equation of the chord of he parabola joining the points P ( t1 ) and Q ( t2 ). If
**

this chord passes through th focus, then prove that t1 t2 = - 1.

xa

(4)

m

1

, 2

Ans : y = x + 2 at ( 2, 4 ) and y = 2x + 1 at

2

a t1 t2 ) ]

.e

[ Ans: ( t1 + t2 )y = 2 ( x

2

w

w

**( 5 ) If one end-point of a focal chord of the parabola y = 16x is ( 9, 12 ), then find its
**

other end-po nt.

w

16

16

,

Ans :

3

9

2

(6)

**The points P ( t1 ), Q ( t2 ) and R ( t3 ) are on the parabola y
**

2

area of triangle PQR is a l ( t1 - t2 ) ( t2 - t3 ) ( t3 - t1 ) l.

(7)

**If the focus of the parabola
**

y = 4ax divides a focal chord in the ratio 1 : 2, then

find the equation of the line containing this focal chord.

2

[ Ans: y = ± 2

2 (x - a)]

= 4ax. Show that the

PROBLEMS 04 .2a tan α ) ] ra [ Ans: p + a sin α tan α = 0. Show that p1 p2 p3 p4 = a . 2 ( 14 ) If the tangent at point P of the parabola y = 4ax intersects the line x = a in K and the directrix in U. = 12x from the point ( 2. ( 15 ) PQ is a focal chord of the parabola y = 4ax. p2.PARABOLA Page 2 2 If a focal chord of the parabola y = 4ax forms an angle of measure 2 positive X-axis. 2 ( a tan α.c 1 is l a l t + t θ om (8) ( 10 ) Find the condition for the line x cos α + y sin α = p to be a tangent to the parabola 2 y = 4ax and obtain the co-ordinates of the point o contact.y + 3 = 0 at ( 3. The lengths of the perpendicular line segments from the vertex and the focus to the tangents at P and Q are p1. then show that its length is 4 l a l cosec θ. 4 and x . p3 4 and p4 respectively. then prove that SK = SU. 2 . . 6 ) 3 w w .2y + 2 y ↔ w ( 13 ) The line PA joining a point P on the parabola and the vertex of the parabola ntersects the directrix in K.e Ans : 3x . 5 ) and 4 = 0 at . ( 11 ) Show that the equation of the common 2 y = 4ax and 1 1 2 a 3 x + b 3 y + ( ab ) 3 = 0. If M is the foot of the perpendicular to the directrix from P. 2 xa m x = 4by is ( 12 ) angent to the parabolas Find the equations of tangents to the parabola the co-ordinates of the point of contact. then show that ∠ MSK is a right angle. (9) Show that the length of the focal chord of the parabola y 2 with the 2 = 4ax at the point P ( t ) ce .

and find the o-ordina es of the point of contact. . xa ( 20 ) m [ Ans: x + y + 2 = 0. θ3 and θ4 respectively with the axis of the parabola. om ( 16 ) ce .e ( 21 ) Prove that the foot lies on the Y-axis 2 w ( 23 ) Prove that. Show that the mid-point of this line segment lies on the tangent pa allel to PQ . ( 18 ) If a chord of the parabola y = 4ax subtends a right angl at the vertex. CD and DA of the quadrilateral make angles θ1.4 ) ] Show that the circle described on any focal chord of a parabola as a diameter touches the dir ctrix w w ( 22 ) f the perpendicular from the focus on any tangent to a parabola . ( 19 ) Find the equation of a tangent to the parabola y = 8x which cuts off equal intercepts along the two axes. θ2. then prove that cot θ1 + cot θ3 = cot θ2 + cot θ4 . ( 2. If the sides ↔ ↔ ↔ AB . if P is any point on the parabola y = 4ax whose focus is S.PROBLEMS 04 . BC . the circle d scribed on SP as diameter touches the Y-axis.c 2 ra 2 Prove that the segment cut out o a tangent to a parabola by the point of contact and the directrix subtends a right angle at the focus. ( 24 ) ↔ A quadrilateral ABCD is inscribed inside a parabola.PARABOLA Page 3 Prove that the orthocentre of the triangle formed by any three tangents to a parabola lies on the directrix. ( 17 ) A tangent of a parabola has a line segment between the tangents at the points P and Q. . then show that the point of intersection of the tangents drawn at the e d-po nts of this chord is on the line x + 4a = 0.

then prove that 2 y = 64x which is nearest to the line [ Ans: ( 9 . 3 ) ce . Prove that the line PQ passes through the point of intersection of the directrix and the axis of the parabola. T and Q respectively. AT and AQ intersect the directrix at the points P.PARABOLA 2 Find the points on the parabola y the focus.1 . ( 30 ) Find the point on 4x + 3 + 64 = 0. 4 ) to the 2 2 xa m ( 28 ) Prove that the measure of the angle between the two parabolas x = 27y and y = 8x 9 is tan . ( 32 ) The tangents at the points P and Q to the parabola with vertex A meet at the point ↔ ↔ ↔ T. the P and Q parabola w w . 13 If the tangents at the points 2 ST = SP ⋅ PQ . tan . Page 4 = 16x which are at a distance of 13 units from om [ Ans: ( 9.1 1 2 ra Ans : ( 1. If the lines AP . 12 ) ] 2 ( 27 ) 1 ) and ( 2. .e ( 29 ) on the parabola meet at T. Find the measure of the angle between the two tangents drawn from 2 parabola y = 12x. ( 9.12 ).24 ) ] w ( 31 ) The tangents at the points P and Q to the parabola make complementary angles with ↔ the axis of the parabola. .PROBLEMS ( 25 ) 04 .c ( 26 ) Prove that the parabola y = 2x divides the line-segment joining ( internally and externally in the same ratio numerically. then prove that PT = TQ.

Q ( t2 ) and R ( t3 ) to the parabola y = 4ax is ce . y1 ).y 3 )( y 3 . then . 2 x 2 + y 2 = 2a and the w w .y1 2 = 4ax whose = 2a ( x . ( 34 ) Prove that the area of the triangle formed by the tangents at the parametric points 2 P ( t1 ). y2 and y3 are the Y-coordinates of 8lal the vertices. 2 ( 40 ) If the angle between two tangents from point P to the parabola y 2 2 2 prove that the locus of point P is y . A is the vertex of the parabola.t 1 ) l .t 3 )( t 3 .4ax = ( x + a ) tan α. y1y .t 2 )( t 2 . Find the equation of the common tangent to the circle 2 parabola y = 8ax.x1 ) ] 2 The tangent at any point P on the parabola y = 4ax meets the X-axis at T and the Y-axis at R. ra [ Ans: x + 2y + 4 = 0 ] 2 2 ( 37 ) xa m ( 36 ) If ( h. = 4ax is α. k ) is the point of intersection of the parabolas y = 4ax and x = 4by other than the origin. prove that the 2 locus of the point Q is y + ax = 0.e [ Ans: x ± y + 2a = 0 ] ( 38 ) w [ An ( 39 ) 2 Find the equation of the line containing the chord of the parabola y midpoint is ( x1.PARABOLA Page 5 2 Prove that the area of the triangle inscribed in the parabola y = 4ax is 1 l ( y 1 . 2 om ( 33 ) 2 2 ( 35 ) Find the equation of the common tangents to the parabolas y = 4x and x = 32y.y 1 ) l .PROBLEMS 04 .c a2 l ( t 1 . If RATQ is a rectangle. where y1. then prove that the equation of their common tangent is 4( kx + hy ) + hk = 0.y 2 )( y 2 .

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