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Glossary of Medical Terms

In common with many other industries, the health care field has its own "shorthand." Listed below are
some of the words and abbreviations frequently used in a hospital setting.
When speaking with a health care professional check their photo ID badges to become familiar with the
staff. Please be sure to ask for an explanation of anything you don't fully understand.

Hospital Staff
Attending (MD)—a physician with primary responsibility for a patient's care.
Child Life Specialist—educated in child development, Child Life Specialists work with children and
families to help them cope with being in the hospital. They use education, medical play and activities to
help the child feel more comfortable. They also organize and supervise the playroom and can provide toys
and games at the bedside.
Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)—a nurse who has graduated from an accredited school of vocational
nursing but has less extensive clinical training than a registered nurse.
Medical Students (MS)— students completing their last few years of medical school. They work under
close supervision and do not make independent decisions about diagnosis or treatments.
Nurse Practitioner—a registered nurse with at least a master's degree in nursing and advanced education
in a medical specialty.
Registered Nurse (RN)—a nurse who has graduated from an accredited nursing program, has passed the
state exam for licensure, and is registered and licensed to practice by a state authority.
Residents—physicians completing more specialized training. They participate in the patient's care under
the direction of an attending physician.
Service—a division of the hospital medical staff devoted to a particular specialty.

Medical Abbreviations

AMA—against medical advice
ac—before meals.
ad lib—as desired.
ASAP—as soon as possible.
ASD—atrial septal defect. A congenital defect in the heart between the atria.

CPAP—continuous positive airway pressure. mEq—milliequivalent. hgb—hemoglobin. LOC—loss of consciousness. A measurement of fluids taken in and urinated out. KVO— keep vein open. cal—calories. I & O—intake and output. gtt—drops H20—water. Max—maximum.—pound. Threedimensional image of a body structure constructed by computer from a series of cross-sectional images. BRP—bathroom privileges. CT scans reveal both bone and soft tissues. ht—height. K—potassium. c/o—complaints of COPD—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. also referred to as CAT (computer axial tomography). including organs. DOB—date of birth. CNS—central nervous system. CBC—complete blood count. ENT—ear. IM—intramuscular or into the muscle. CA—cancer. ED—emergency department ER—emergency room Gastrosomy Tube—surgically placed tube that goes directly into the stomach for feedings and/or drainage. Drsg—dressing. GB—gall bladder. ECG or EKG—electrocardiogram. lb. gm—gram. CBC—complete blood count cc—cubic centimeters. CT—computed tomography. LP—lumbar puncture. EEG—(electroencephalogram) measures electrical activity of the brain. DNR—do not resuscitate. CPR—cario-pulmonary resuscitation. GI—gastointestinal. nose and throat. muscles and tumors. IV—intravenous. ICU—intensive care unit. I & D—incision and drainage. A graphic record of the action of the heart. cath—catheterization. HOB—head of bed. HTN—hypertension. BP—blood pressure. BM—bowel movement.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • BID—twice a day (sometimes q12h or every 12 hours). . H/A—headache hct—hematocrit. EKG—electrocardiogram. The delivery of fluids and/or medication into the blood stream via a needle inserted into a vein. CC—chief complaint. kg—kilogram. hx—history.

oz—ounce. delineating muscle. neg—negative. OB—obstetrical. NP—nurse practitioner. pH—symbol for expression of concentration of hydrogen ions (degree of acidity). PIMU—pediatric intermediate or "step down" unit. PIC-U—pediatric intensive care unit. PERLA—pupils equal and reactive to light & accommodation. An MRI scan provides 3-D images of the body's interior. Na—sodium. NWB—non-weight bearing. NPO—nothing by mouth. blood vessels. N/S—normal saline. OOB—out of bed. PE—physical examination. A unit staffed by Pediatric Intensivists (pediatricians with special training in the care of critically ill infants and children) and other highly-skilled specialists. PM or p.—afternoon (post meridian). NG—nasogastric. PET Scan—positron emission tomography PFT—pulmonary function test. PICC Line—(peripherally inserted central catheter) for delivery of medication into the bloodstream.m. . OB/GYN—obstetrics and gynecology. PMS—premenstrual syndrome. MRSA—methicillin resistant staphylococcum aureus. NTG—nitrogylicerin. no. NSR—normal sinus rhythm. oint—ointment. MVR—mitral valve replacement. or #—number. MVA—motor vehicle accident.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • MRI—magnetic resonance imaging. Ped—pediatric. A unit that admits less critically ill children and is also a transitional unit following a stay in the PICU. n/a—not applicable. ODA—operating day admission. N&V—nausea and vomiting. Nasogastric—a tube that leads from the nose or mouth into the stomach. organs and tumor tissue. bone. PERL—pupils equal and reactive to light. OR—operating room. post-op—postoperative. The patient is admitted to the hospital the day the surgery is scheduled. per os—by mouth. P—pulse. pc—after meals PDA—patent ductus arteriosis. PAC—premature atrial contraction. NKA—no known allergies. PAT—paroxysmal atrial tachycardia or preadmission testing (depending on context). PA—physician's assistant. nothing to eat or drink usually within a defined time frame Nsg—nursing. nerves. po—per os (by mouth). O2—oxygen. Computerized images based on nuclear magnetic resonance of atoms within the body induced by the application of radio waves. OT—occupational therapy.

RR—recovery room. QID—four times a day (sometimes q6h or every 6 hours). SG—specific gravity. PWB—partial weigth bearing. QNS—quantity not sufficient. STD—sexually transmitted disease.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Preop—preoperative. Stat—immediately (statim). respirations. . q—each. prep—prepare. PTA—prior to admission. UA—urinalysis. tab—tablet. TIA—transient ischemia attacks. UGI—upper gastrointestinal URI—upper respiratory infection. every (quauque). tid—three times a day (sometimes q8h or every 8 hours). s [needs line over s]—without (sine). tsp—teaspoon. T&A—tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. PRN—when necessary. etc—every two hours. Qt. or therapy. RN— Registered Nurse. Rehab—rehabilitation Resp. QD—once a day.—quart. q3h. Strep—streptococcus Sx—symptoms. SNF—skilled nursing facility.—respiration. PT—physical therapy. treatment. sm—small. RT—radiation therapy. TLC—total lung capacity. R/O—rule out. S/P—status post. RBC—red blood cells. qd—every day (quaque die). q2h. qid—four times daily (quater in die). every three hours. SOB—shortness of breath. on request or when needed within time guidelines PROM—passive range of motion. sp gr—specific gravity. staphylococcus. TPR—temperature. Pt or pt.—patient. staph—staphylococcal. Rx—prescription. R/R—respiratory rate. ROM—range of motion. PVC—premature ventricular contraction. etc. tbsp—tablespoon. qs—sufficient quantity (quantum sufficiat). Rt—right. qh—every hour (quaque hora). pulse. qod—every other day (quater otra die). T—temperature. RTC—return to Clinic.

Ventilator—see Respirator. Also referred to as CBC (complete blood count). Tracheostomy (also referred to as tracheotomy)–an incision made in the neck to allow the passage of air directly into the trachea to reach the lungs. Blood pressure—a measure of the force of blood flow against veins and arteries. yr—year. Febrile—denoting or relating to fever. yo—year old. w/o—without. w/—with. and platelets in a sample of blood. Infusion—slow and/or prolonged intravenous delivery of a drug or fluids. Palliative—relieving the symptoms or pain of a disease or disorder without effecting a cure. Elastic stockings—Hose designed to help blood circulate from the legs to the heart to prevent clots. A congenital defect in the septum of the heart. white blood cells. pulleys and weights. Blood count—the number of red blood cells. Catheter—a tube used to inject or withdraw fluids. Vol—volume. Hemovac—a tube place near an incision during surgery to drain excess fluid. Foley catheter—a tube placed in the bladder to drain urine. WBC—white blood cells. x-match—cross match. Respirator—an apparatus to administer artificial respiration (used when a patient cannot breathe adequately without it). Bypass—to divert flow from one structure to another. . W/C—wheel chair. Medical Terminology • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Antiemetic—medication to control vomiting. XR—x-ray. Subcutaneous—under the skin. WNL—within normal limits. Intubation—the insertion of a tube into a hollow organ such as the trachea (in order to get air to the lungs). Benign—a term to describe a tumor that is not cancerous. VSD—ventricular septal defect. Traction—the act of drawing or pulling with ropes. wt—weight.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • UTI— urinary tract infection. Extubation—removal of a tube that has been inserted to get air to the lungs. vs—against or versus. VS—vital signs. Radiology—x-rays and other imaging techniques. Urinalysis—A test of a urine specimen. WB—weight bearing. Void—urinate.

A 5 kg baby weighs 11 pounds (2.2 pounds in a kilogram.2 x 5) centimeter (cm):2.8 + 32 = 100. and Abbreviations All information and measurements are approximate.php
 .6 degrees F. Fahrenheit (F): 37 degrees C = 98. A 45 cm baby measures 18 inches (45 cm divided by 2.5 = 18 inches) centigrade (C) temperature vs.2 C. Multiply the centigrade (C) degrees by 1.8 and add 32 to convert to fahrenheit (F).upstate.8 F (38.5 centimeters in an inch.8 F). If your temperature is 38.2 C x 1. Conversions • • • • cc and ml: approximately the same measurement 5 cc = 1 teaspoon 15 cc = 1 tablespoon (or 1/2 fluid ounce) kilogram (kg):2. it is 100.