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STUDY OF A

(using the drawing techniques
of Leonardo da Vinci)

Brenda Hoddinott

Z13 ADVANCED: DRAWING ON THE MASTERS
In this project, you first sketch and outline a rosebud with contour lines that vary in weight, and
then add shading with hatching. This drawing (and the flower in Lesson Z10) is based on a
sketch by Leonardo da Vinci.
The curriculum is divided into the following four sections:
 Review of drawing lines of different weights (Based on Lesson Z10)
 Sketching proportions: You begin as Leonardo did, with a lightly rendered proportional
sketch of the outlines of a rosebud.
 Outlining with lines of different weights: You use various types of lines and different
grades of pencils to create a contour drawing.
 Adding shading with hatching lines of various weights: Your goal is to duplicate
Leonardo’s hatching technique, which is comprised of straight lines drawn at an angle of
around 45 degrees.
Suggested drawing supplies include good quality white drawing paper, various grades of
pencils, kneaded and vinyl erasers, and a pencil sharpener.

This project is recommended for artists with good drawing skills, as well as students of
home schooling, academic, and recreational fine-art educators.

6 PAGES – 21 ILLUSTRATIONS

Published by Drawspace.com, Halifax, NS, Canada – November, 2010

text. Copyright to all articles. if you apply a heavy pressure to the same pencil. The amount of pressure used on a pencil when drawing a line. Figure 1304: By pressing firmly with an HB pencil. In contrast. Hence. I use the term weight to describe the value and width of lines. you can also use different grades of pencils to adjust the weights of lines.-2- REVIEW OF DRAWING LINES OF DIFFERENT WEIGHTS The weight of a line can be especially helpful when you want to create the illusion that something is either close or far away. On the other side of the coin. For example. you can see my lines!) Much darker lines are created by pressing firmly with an HB pencil to increase the weight as you draw (Figure 1302). Figure 1301 demonstrates light lines created by applying only the weight of an HB pencil to the surface of the paper.com . a 6B can make much heavier lines than a 2H.drawspace. lessons and exercises within this document belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. projects. For instance. As an extra perk. a dark thick line is considered heavy. In Figures 1303 and 1304. E-mail brenda@drawspace. (Hopefully. a 2H pencil can create a lighter weight line than a 6B. affects its weight. Figures 1305 shows lines made with a variety of different grades of pencils by applying a similar pressure. Figure 1305: Various light and heavy lines can be created by simply using different grades of pencils. if you press lightly. Figure 1302: Dark lines rendered by pressing firmly with an HB pencil. both lines are darker because the graphite is darker. Figure 1301: Light lines created by drawing with only the weight of an HB pencil (no pressure). a light thin line seems to make sections of a drawing recede into distant space. the line is light in weight. images. heavy lines are created. Use a variety of grades of pencils to practice drawing lines with different weights.com Web site http://www. I show you similar light and heavy lines created with a 4B pencil. Figure 1303: Light lines drawn with only the weight of a 4B pencil. creating an outline with lines of various weights makes the drawing much more attention-grabbing. the line becomes heavier in weight. On the other hand. As you can see. Obviously. and can create the illusion that sections of a drawing are close to the viewer.

Sketch a curved line on the upper right of the large shape (Figure 1308). E-mail brenda@drawspace. Figure 1311 Copyright to all articles. Figure 1307 Figure 1308 Figure 1309 Sketch a large petal on the left (Figure 1310).com . Sketch the stem below the rosebud. 4.-3- SKETCHING PROPORTIONS In this section. text. 3. 2. 8. Add a smaller circular shape below that overlaps the first (Figure 1307). Lighten your sketch lines with a kneaded eraser. Figure 1310 6. lessons and exercises within this document belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. Add three leaves growing from the lower section of the large circular shape (Figure 1311). projects. 7. with a lightly rendered proportional sketch of the outlines of the rosebud. 1.com Web site http://www.drawspace. Figure 1306 5. Use feathered lines and an HB pencil to sketch a circular shape that is tilted to the left (Figure 1306). images. Add another slightly curved line that cuts through the large shape (Figure 1309). you begin as Leonardo did.

When you need a thin line. Figure 1312 Figure 1313 Figure 1314 Figure 1315 Figure 1316 Figure 1318 Figure 1317 Copyright to all articles.com Web site http://www. E-mail brenda@drawspace. darker accents.drawspace. simply sharpen your pencil. Refer to Figures 1312 to 1318 to neatly outline the rosebud with lines that vary in value and thickness. images. projects. Thicker lines are added when the point of the pencil is slightly worn down. text. you use lines of various weights to outline the rosebud. Use HB. and 4B pencils. Use a 2B or 4B in sections needing bolder.-4- OUTLINING WITH LINES OF DIFFERENT WEIGHTS In this section. 9. lessons and exercises within this document belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. 2B.com .

com Web site http://www. Take note that some hatching lines are thick and others are thin. If you are right handed. projects. you may prefer to turn your drawing sideways as you work.drawspace. Add medium values with an HB (or 2B) pencil by adding more hatching lines in between others. Use a 2H (or HB) pencil to add light values with hatching. 12.-5- Figure 1319 ADDING SHADING WITH HATCHING LINES OF VARIOUS WEIGHTS Leonardo is considered a master of hatching. CHALLENGE Find a simple living rosebud. Touch up any sections that are too light or too dark. Render a sketch incorporating Leonardo’s drawing styles and techniques and using the same process used in this project. Remember to vary the weights of the lines in both the outlines and the hatching. Use a 2B or 4B pencil to add dark hatching lines to create dark values. Copyright to all articles. Refer to Figure 1319.com . Figure 1321 Refer to figure 1320. lessons and exercises within this document belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail brenda@drawspace. or a photo of a rosebud. Figure 1320 10. images. 11. Much of his shading is made up of straight lines drawn at an angle of around 45 degrees. text.

and in 1994. a highly respected fine-art resource for art educators. In addition. she is the author and illustrator of Drawing for Dummies. She is currently writing and illustrating her fifth book. During her twenty-five year career as a self-educated. home schooling programs. E-mail brenda@drawspace. civilian forensic artist. chalk pastel. art educator. John’s.com Web site http://www. and conté.com . Brenda is a curriculum designer and owner of Drawspace. including the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. building her business. Copyright to all articles. Currently. images. lessons and exercises within this document belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. colored pencil.-6- BRENDA HODDINOTT Self-educated author. charcoal. In 1992. and educational facilities throughout the world. and creates drawings in graphite. various criminal investigation departments employed Brenda’s skills. Hence. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Drawing People Illustrated. Newfoundland. and forensic artist (retired) “My philosophy on teaching art is to focus primarily on the enjoyment aspects while gently introducing the technical and academic. Drawspace Guide to Getting Started with Drawing. text. and writing books.” Born in St. award-winning artist. she paints in oils and acrylics on canvas and linen. and Drawspace Illustrated Dictionary of Drawing Words and Terms. She is also the manager and owner of Drawspace Publishing (a Canadian publishing company for art-related books). the quest for knowledge also becomes enjoyable. in creating a passion for the subject matter. In 2002. technical pen. In the style of illustrative realism.com. Brenda was honored with a commendation from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.drawspace. projects. Brenda retired as a forensic artist to devote more time to creating art. she was awarded a Certificate of Membership from Forensic Artists International. She developed strong drawing and painting skills through self-directed learning. Brenda grew up in the small town of Corner Brook.