You are on page 1of 5

Introduction to Corrections CJA/234

1

Corrections in the Community
Roxabel Perez Garcia
CJA/234
February 05, 2015
Shaunity Grace

Introduction to Corrections CJA/234

2

Rehabilitation is a programmed effort to alter the attitudes and behaviors of inmates and
improve their likelihood of becoming law abiding citizens. In 1790 the Walnut Street jail was
the first U.S prisons whose focus was redemption, were inmates were required to read the bible
as a way of reflecting on their wrong doings. Over time prisons began to focus on programs
based on counciling and religion. The need for rehabilitation of offenders was emphasized by “
The Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, appointed by President
Lyndon Johnson in 1996, which not a need for “substantial upgrading” of the correctional system
and its reorientation toward integration of offenders into community
life”(corrections.intro,2011). Rehabilitation programs had continued, offenders must take
responsibility of their criminal acts with voluntary programs the prisons provide, such its job
training, drug treatment, mental health services, family support and housing assistance. The goal
to improve offenders and reduce recidivisms and protecting the society.
Probation is a prison sentence that is suspended on the condition that the offender follows
certain prescribed rules and commits no further crimes. Probation was portrayed to be soft on
crime, known to all that not all offenders are meant to be sent to prison. Probation in the United
States is a federal, state, and local action, used by many separate state agencies were offenders
must follow all regulation given by his/her probation officer. Where offender behavior will be
monitored through office visits, contact with the family, friends, employers, and treatment
providers as well for visits to their home or place of work.
Other forms of probation are intermediate sanction, which compares to probation as
another form of sentencing. The types of intermediate sanctions are economic sanctions which
require the offender to pay fines, restitutions, victim compensation, or house arrest. Also the

Introduction to Corrections CJA/234

3

Shock Incarceration Program which is a short period of probation which only requires a 90 to 10
day incarceration. These sanctions are provided for offenders that have a great risk of
reoffending and cannot meet regular probation standards, that’s when intermediate sanction are
provided for these type of offenders, with additional supervision and program opportunities.
Parole is the conditional release of inmates is a parole board prior to the expiration of
their sentence. Parole boards consider inmates levels of risk and chances for success these way
conditions are created for supervision and treatment. Other forms of sentencing are mandatory
release and unconditional mandatory release, both of these methods differs from parole , since
offenders are released once they have serve a determinate sentence, with a period of supervision
to follow or served a full portion of their sentence and have no supervision after release.
Changes have been made over time for offenders to be release from prison to community
supervision. Community corrections are criminal sanctions that involve community supervision
of offenders, makes use of both corrections and program resources for offenders to abide by
specific conditions to remain in the community. Communities corrections are cost effective and
help offenders adapt and be able to test their readiness to return and build a relationship with the
community through programs while living in the community.
In the State of South Carolina Department of Probation, Parole , and Pardon Services
offenders supervision strategies states that offenders under probation offenders go under
supervision , but cannot exceed more than 5 years must pay supervision fees, restricted from
freedom and if require go under rehabilitation services. Violation of any will result in additional
sanctions and revocation action from court.

Introduction to Corrections CJA/234

4

Parole has the similar conditions as being in probation which I agree with most. As far of
the community supervision program offenders that have served 85% of their sentence, 20 plus
years and are not eligible for parole can be under this program for two years. If offender violates
the terms, offender is sentence up to one year at a time. I agree as well an offender already
imprisoned for such a long period of time is looking for freedom, to be able to undergo
supervision for a long period of time would make them feel like being in the same predicament,
therefore a shorter term gives them hope for freedom.

Introduction to Corrections CJA/234

Seiter, R. (2011). Corrections:An Introduction. Prentice Hall, : .

5