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# 5. Transformation.

5.1 Description of a transformation
2

Translation

2

Reflection

3

Enlargement

About x = 3
(perpicular
bisector
at center P(0,2)

4

Rotation

3 

  2


center P(0,2)

5 A
4
3
2
1
1

0

Scale factor
k=2
90o

5
4
3
2
1

A’

2

3 4 5

6

5
4

3
2

1

1
2

1

2

3

4 5

5
4

A

1

A’

A

3
2
0

A

0

A’

clockwise

3

4 5

0

A’
1

2

3

4 5

5.2 Solving strategy
5.2.1 The use of grids.
5.2.2 Pairing of the object and image; A – A’
5.2.3 The properties of 2-2-3-4

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Name : __________________________ 1 Diagram 1 in the answer space shows quadrilateral STUV drawn on a grid of equal squares. Answer : T S V U  Q U’ T’ V’ S’ Diagram 1 Describe in full the transformation. U’T’ is the image of UT under a rotation 180○ about the point Q. On Diagram 1. complete the image of quadrilateral STUV. Rotation Centre Q 180o Clockwise Anticlockwise 17 .

Answer : B A C’  D X C B’ Diagram 2 Describe in full the transformation. Rotation Centre X 180o Clockwise Anticlockwise 18 .2 Diagram 2 in the answer space shows quadrilateral ABCD drawn on a grid of equal squares. B’C’ is the image of BC under a rotation 180○ about the point X. On Diagram 2. complete the image of quadrilateral ABCD.

3 Diagram 3 in the answer space shows quadrilateral PQRS drawn on a grid of equal squares. Rotation Centre X 180o Clockwise Anticlockwise 19 . Answer : S’ P’ Q R’  X R Q’ P S Diagram 3 Describe in full the transformation. complete the image of quadrilateral PQRS. Q’R’ is the image of QR under a rotation 180○ about the point X. On Diagram 3.

On Diagram 4. Answer : Q T S V U P Diagram 4 Describe in full the transformation. About line PQ Reflection 20 .4 Diagram 4 in the answer space shows quadrilateral STUV drawn on a grid of equal squares. draw the image of quadrilateral STUV under a reflection about the line PQ.

5 Diagram 5 in the answer space shows pentagon ABCDE drawn on a grid of equal squares. Answer : P B C D E Q A Diagram 5 Describe in full the transformation. On Diagram 5. 21 . complete the image of pentagon ABCDE under a reflection about the line PQ.

y 6 Q 4 R P 2 S -4 Q’ -2 0 P’ 2 4 6 x R’ -2 S’ -4 Diagram 6 Describe in full transformation F 22 . P’Q’R’S’ is the image of PQRS under transformation F.6 Diagram 6 shows two quadrilaterals PQRS and P’Q’R’S’. drawn on a Cartesian plane.

23 . y P’ P 6 Q’ Q 4 2 S’ R’ -4 -2 S 0 2 4 R 6 x -2 -4 Diagram 7 Describe in full transformation F . P’Q’R’S’ is the image of PQRS under transformation F. drawn on a Cartesian plane.7 Diagram 7 shows two quadrilaterals PQRS and P’Q’R’S’.

drawn on a Cartesian plane. y Q’ 6 R’ 4 2 P’ S’ Q -4 R -2 0 2 4 6 x -2 P S -4 Diagram 8 Describe in full transformation F 24 . P’Q’R’S’ is the image of PQRS under transformation F.8 Diagram 8 shows two quadrilaterals PQRS and P’Q’R’S’.

9 Diagram 9 shows two quadrilaterals PQRS and P’Q’R’S’. y 6 P’ R Q’ Q 4 2 R’ S P S’ -4 -2 0 2 4 6 x -2 -4 Diagram 9 Describe in full transformation F 25 . P’Q’R’S’ is the image of PQRS under transformation F. drawn on a Cartesian plane.

26 . drawn on a Cartesian plane. P’Q’R’S’ is the image of PQRS under transformation F.10 Diagram 10 shows two quadrilaterals PQRS and P’Q’R’S’. y 6 P Q 4 R Q 2 R S S -4 -2 0 P 2 4 6 x -2 -4 Diagram 10 Describe in full transformation F Describe in full the transformation.

A’B’C’D’ is the image of ABCD under a reflection. Diagram 12 in the answer space shows two quadrilaterals.PMR2004 11. ABCD and A’B’C’D’. P’ is the image of P under transformation M. In Diagram 11. drawn on a grid of equal squares. On the diagram in the answer space. [2 marks ] Answer : A B C D D’ A’ C’ B’ Diagram 12 27 . y 12 10 P’ 8 6 4 P 2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 x Diagram 11 Describe in full transformation M Answer: ( 2 marks ) PMR2005 12. draw the axis of reflection.

[ 2 marks ] Answer : (a) (i) (ii) (b) 28 . State (i) the direction of the rotation. y 10 R 8 6 P 4 2 −4 −2 Q x O 2 4 6 Diagram 13 (a) Q is the image of P under a rotation of 90o. and R. Describe in full transformation M. Q. P. Diagram 13 shows three triangles.PMR2005 13. which are drawn on a Cartesian plane. (b) R is the image of P under transformation M. (ii) the coordinates of the centre of the rotation.

H and H’. (2marks) Answer: 29 .PMR2006 14 Diagram 14 shows two polygons. Diagram 14 H’ is the image of H under transformation L. Describe in full transformation L. drawn on a grid of equal squares with sides of 1 unit.