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Archimedes Principle Experiment

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Objective:

To determine the density of various solids and liquids using Archimedes Principle.

Introduction:

Recall that the mass of a body m is related to its density and volume V by

m V

Eq. (1)

T

B

Liquid

mg

In the diagram above, the object is suspended from a string and submerged in a liquid. The

submerged object now displaces a volume V of liquid. The submerged object is subjected to

three forces now; the gravitational force, the tension T in the string, and an upward force

known as the buoyant force. Archimedes determined that the buoyant force B is equal to the

weight of the liquid displaced by the object:

B LVg mLiquid Displaced g

Eq.(2)

B mg T W T L gV

Eq.(3)

V W gT

L

m T / g

L

Eq.(4)

Apparatus:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Pingpong ball

Plasticine

Water

Beaker

Measuring cylinder

Procedure:

1.

2.

Empty beaker, ping pong ball and plasticine are weighed and recorded.

Water and ping pong ball are poured into the beaker and they are weighed and

recorded again.

3.

4.

Plasticine is released into the measuring cylinder and the final reading is recorded.

Ping Pong Ball

Mass (g)

Mass (kg)

Weight

(0.001)

2.08

0.00238

(N)

0.0238

185.64

0.18564

1.8564

188.60

0.18860

1.8860

2.96

0.00296

0.0296

Mass of ball

Mass (kg)

Weight

Volume

(0.001)

(N)

(mL)

(0.1)

Volume (

m3 )

28.0

0.000028

30.0

0.000030

2.0

0.000002

2.0

0.000002

0.00296

0.0296

Plasticine

Mass (kg)

Weight

Volume

(0.001)

(N)

(mL)

(0.01)

Volume (

m3 )

20.0

0.000010

30.0

0.000030

10.0

0.000010

Volume of plasticine

10.0

0.000010

Mass of plasticine

0.01557

0.1557

Discussion.

According to Archimedes principle Bouyant force = weight of displaced fluid. So the buoyant

force of the ping pong ball supposed to be 0.0296N. this result is slightly different to the

actual weight of the ping pong ball which is 0.0238N. This error may due to the difficulty to

precisely read the scale because of the curved surface of the water. Furthermore, water

droplets kept falling off the sides of the cylinder (and raising the water level in the cylinder).

Archimedes principle also state that the volume of object = volume of displaced fluid, so the

volume of plasticine used and water displaced both are 10mL and 0.000010m3.

Conclusion.

From the experimental result, we can deduced that the density of the ping pong ball is

1190kg/m3 while the density of the plasticine used is 1557 kg/m3.

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