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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


This NCCI provides rules for the determination of tying resistance of a Simple Joint"
using a fin plate connection for Beam/Column and Beam/Beam connections. The rules
apply to a bolted connection, using non-preloaded bolts (i.e. Category A: Bearing type
bolted connection). This NCCI covers the rules for the fin plate, the supported beam and
the supporting column web. The rules may be used to evaluate the overall tying resistance
of the connection, for all the possible modes of failure, based on the rules in EN 1993-1-8
for determining the resistances of individual components of the connection. The design
procedure given in this NCCI applies to an accidental limit state.

Created on Saturday, October 02, 2010


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Contents
1.

Design model

2.

Parameters

3.

Bolts in shear

4.

Fin plate in bearing

5.

Fin plate in tension (block tearing)

6.

Fin plate in tension (net section)

7.

Beam web in bearing

8.

Beam web in tension (block tearing)

9.

Beam web in tension (net section)

10.

Supporting column web in bending

11.

Weld design

12.

Limits of application

13.

Background

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

1.

Design model

The design model is shown in Figure 1.1. The design procedure refers to an accidental limit
state.
1

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Key:

1. Fin plate
2. Supported beam

Figure 1.1

3. Column
4. Supporting beam

Fin plate connection subject to tying force

EN1993-1-8 does not give any guidance on tying resistance of connections. However,
because large strains and large deformations are associated with the failure modes given in
Table 1.1, it is recommended that ultimate tensile strengths (fu) can be used for calculating the
tying resistance and the partial factor for tying M,u can be taken as 1,1.
The tying resistance and mode of failure of the connection is the value and mode that has the
lowest resistance of all the possible modes of failure. For rules for each of the modes of
failure, refer to Table 1.1 below.
Table 1.1

Tying resistance of fin plate connection

Mode of failure

Section number

Bolts in shear

NRd,u,1

Fin plate in bearing

NRd,u,2

Fin plate in tension (block tearing)

NRd,u,3

Fin plate in tension (net section)

NRd,u,4

Beam web in bearing

NRd,u,5

Beam web in tension (block tearing)

NRd,u,6

Beam web in tension (net section)

NRd,u,7

Supporting column web in bending

NRd,u,8

10

Note: There is no calculation of the tying resistance of a supporting beam, because it is


assumed that such a connection would not be designed for tying. Any requirements for tying
resistance would be satisfied by providing continuity of slab reinforcement and by
transferring tying forces through adjacent secondary beams framing directly into a column.
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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

bp

bp

gh
e1,b

gh

gv
e1,b

e1
a

p1

hp

p1
e1

e1
a

p1

hp

p1
e1

e 2 e 2,b

he

e2

p 2 e 2,b

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n 2= 1

Figure 2.1

gv

he

z
n2 = 2

Parameters for a fin plate connection.

2.

Parameters

Throat thickness of fillet weld

d0

Diameter of hole

e1

Longitudinal end distance (fin plate)

e1,b

Longitudinal end distance (to the edge of the beam or to the edge of a notch)

e2

Trasverse end distance (fin plate)

e2,b

Transverse end distance (beam web)

fub

Ultimate tensile strength of the bolts

fu,b1

Ultimate tensile strength of the supported beam

fu,b2

Ultimate tensile strength of the supporting beam

fu,c

Ultimate tensile strength of the supporting column

fu,p

Ultimate tensile strength of the fin plate

fy,b1

Yield strength of the supported beam

fy,b2

Yield strength of the supporting beam

fy,c

Yield strength of the supporting column

fy,p

Yield strength of the fin plate

gh

Horizontal gap between the supporting element and supported beam

gv

Vertical gap between the top of beam flange and top of fin plate
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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

he

Distance between the bottom of the fin plate and the bottom of the supported beam.

hp

Height of the fin plate

Inertia of the bolt group

Total number of bolts (i.e. n1 n2)

n1

Number of horizontal rows of bolts

n2

Number of vertical lines of bolts

p1

Longitudinal bolt pitch

p2

Transverse bolt pitch

tp

Thickness of the fin plate

tw,b1
tw,b2
tw,c
M,u

Thickness of supported beam web


Thickness of supporting beam web
Thickness of column web
Partial factor for tying resistance equal to 1,1 (not given in EN1993-1-8)

Transverse distance (face of supporting element to centre of bolt group)

3.

Bolts in shear

NRd,u,1

= nFv,Rd,u

From Table 3.4 of EN1993-1-8


Fv,Rd,u

=v fub A/M,u

where:
M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

= 0,6 for class 8.8 bolts


= 0,5 for class 10.9 bolts

4.

Fin plate in bearing

NRd,u,2

= nFb,Rd,u,hor

The bearing resistance of a single bolt, Fb,Rd is given in Table 3.4 of EN1993-1-8 as:
Fb, Rd

k1 b f u d t

M, u

Therefore for tying, horizontal bearing resistance of a single bolt on the fin plate, Fb,Rd,u,hor is:

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

Fb, Rd, u, hor =

k1 b f u, p d tp

M, u

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where:

e
p2 1
;
= min 2 ;
3d o
3d o 4

k1

e
= min 2 ,8 1 1,7;
do

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

5.

Fin plate in tension (block tearing)

NRd,u,3

= Veff,1,Rd

1,4

f ub
; 1,0

f u, p

p1
1,7; 2 ,5
do

where:
From 3.10.2 (2) of EN1993-1-8
Veff,1, Rd

f u, p Ant

M, u

A
1
f y,p nv
M0
3

where:
Ant

is the net area subjected to tension


= tp (n1 1)( p1 d0)

Anv

Corrigendum 1

is the net area subjected to shear

for single vertical line of bolts (n2 = 1) Anv = 2tp e2 0


2

for two vertical lines of bolts (n2 = 2) Anv = 2tp p2 + e2 3 0


2

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

6.

Fin plate in tension (net section)

From 6.2.3 (2) of EN1993-1-1


NRd,u,4

= 0,9 Anet,p fu,p/ M,u

where:
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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

Anet,p

= tp (hp d0 n1)

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

7.

Beam web in bearing

NRd,u,5

= n Fb,Rd,u,hor

The bearing resistance of a single bolt, Fb,Rd is given in Table 3.4 of EN1993-1-8 as:
Fb, Rd

k1 b f u d t

M, u
Therefore horizontal bearing resistance of a single bolt on the beam web, Fb,Rd,u,hor is:

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Fb, Rd, u, hor =

k1 b f u, b1d t w, b1

M, u

where:

e
p2 1
;
= min 2 ,b ;
3d
3
4
d
o
o

k1

p
= min 1,4 1 1,7; 2,5

do

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

8.

Beam web in tension (block tearing)

NRd,u,6

= Veff,1,Rd

f ub
; 1,0

f u, b1

where:
From 3.10.2 (2) of EN1993-1-8
Veff,1, Rd

f u, b1 Ant

M, u

A
1
f y,b1 nv
M0
3

where:
Ant

is the net area subjected to tension


= tw,b1 (n1p1 (n1 1)d0)

Anv

is the net area subjected to shear

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

for single vertical line of bolts (i.e. n2 = 1)

Anv = 2t w, b1 e2, b 0
2

for two vertical lines of bolts (i.e. n2 = 2)

Anv = 2t w, b1 p2 + e2, b 3 0
2

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

9.

Beam web in tension (net section)

From 6.2.3 (2) of EN1993-1-1


NRd,u,7

= 0,9 Anet,b1 fu,b1/ M,u

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where:
Anet,b1

= tw,b1 (hw,b1 d0 n1)

hw,b1

= hp

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

(conservatively)

10. Supporting column web in bending


Tying resistance of column web NRd,u,8
=

N Rd, u,8

8 M pl , Rd ,u

M, u (1 1 )

( + 1,5(1 ) )
0.5

See ref 2 check 14 p. 171

where:
M pl, Rd, u =

1
2
f u, c t w,
c
4

fu,c

is the ultimate tensile strength of the column

tw,c

is the web thickness of the column

hp
dc
tp + 2s
dc

dc

is the depth of straight portion of the column web

is the leg length of fillet weld ( =

M,u

= 1,1 for tying resistance

2a)

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

11. Weld design


The weld size specified for shear (SN017) will be adequate for tying resistance.

12. Limits of application


This NCCI applies to one or two vertical lines of bolts (i.e. n2=1 or n2=2) using non-preloaded
bolts for Category A: Bearing type bolted connection in accordance with EN1993-1-8 3.4.1.

13. Background

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The rules in this NCCI are based on :


(1) European recommendations for the design of simple joints in steel structures Document prepared under the supervision of ECCS TC10 by: J.P. Jaspart, S. Renkin
and M.L. Guillaume - First draft, September 2003.
(2) Joints in Steel Construction Simple Connections (P212). The Steel Construction
Institute and The British Constructional Association Ltd., 2002.

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NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection


SN018a-EN-EU

Quality Record

RESOURCE TITLE

NCCI: Tying resistance of a fin plate connection

Reference(s)
ORIGINAL DOCUMENT
Name

Company

Date

Created by

Boris Jurasinovic, Edurne


Nunez

SCI

March 2005

Technical content checked by

Abdul Malik

SCI

July 2005

Editorial content checked by

D C Iles

SCI

16/9/05

1. UK

G W Owens

SCI

16/9/05

2. France

A Bureau

CTICM

16/9/05

3. Sweden

A Olsson

SBI

15/9/05

4. Germany

C Mller

RWTH

14/9/05

5. Spain

J Chica

Labein

16/9/05

G W Owens

SCI

09/5/06

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Resource approved by Technical


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TRANSLATED DOCUMENT
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Translated resource approved by:

Corrigendum 1 (page 5) 16/12/08

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