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# Homework

Ch. 8
1. The main characteristic of parametric modeling involves the use of constraints. What are the
two types of constraints used in AutoCAD?
The two types of constraints used in AutoCAD are dimensional constraints and geometric
constraints.
2. What is the main difference between the traditional geometric method versus the use of
parametric drawing tools?
With the traditional method, geometric definitions such as dimensions are applied at the time
that the objects are created, and are set. With the parametric drawing method, dimensions can be
applied after the object is created and can be repeatedly changed as needed.
3. List and describe three geometric constraint commands you have used in the tutorial.
1) perpendicular - This constraint makes sure that two lines are always perpendicular to one
another.
2) parallel - This constraint makes sure that two lines are always parallel to one another.
3) tangent - This constraint makes sure that any object such as a line or another circle is always
tangent to a circle.
4. What do the dimensional constraint methods allow us to do?
The dimensional constraint methods allow us to dimension an object after it has been created.
5. Will the geometric constraint symbols be printed when we print the drawing?
No, these symbols won't be printed when we print the drawing.
6. How do we turn off the display of the applied constraints?
To turn off the display we click on the hide all command in the toolbar.
7. Besides using a co-linear constraint to align two lines, what other options can we use to align
two lines?
We can also use a parallel constraint or a perpendicular constraint to align two lines.
8. When will AutoCAD automatically remove some of the applied constraints?
AutoCAD will automatically remove some of the applied constraints if you attempt to overconstrain the drawing.

9. Besides applying geometric constraints individually, what other option is available to constrain
We can also use the Auto constrain method, which will automatically apply necessary
constraints to an existing object.
10. Can the applied constraints be manually removed? How is this done?
Yes the applied constraints can be manually removed. This is done by highlighting the
constraint and using the erase command or the right click delete command.
11. When a design is created or changed, a drawing will be in one of three states. What are the three
states? What are the differences between the three states?
The three states are:
Unconstrained No constraints are applied to the constructed geometry.
Under constrained Some constraints, but not all, are applied to the constructed geometry.
Fully constrained All relevant geometric and dimensional constraints have been applied to
the constructed geometry.
Ch 9
1. What is an auxiliary view and why would it be important?
An auxiliary view shows a line of sight view that is perpendicular to an inclined surface, and is
used to show the correct dimensions of such a surface. These views are important because they
ensure that we use the correct dimensions for inclined surfaces.
2. When is a line viewed as a point? How can a line be shown in true length?
A line is viewed as a point and the view of the line is changed. A line can be shown in true
length when it is projected in an auxiliary view.
3. What is a GRIP? What are the advantages of using grips?
GRIPS are key control locations such as endpoints or midpoints of lines and arcs. Using GRIPS,
we can can stretch, move, mirror, scale, rotate, and copy objects without having to enter
commands.
4. List three GRIPS editing commands you have used in the tutorial.
In this tutorial we used the rotate, copy, and stretch GRIP commands.

## 5. What does the Polar Tracking option allow us to do?

Polar tracking helps us to create objects at precise positions and angles relative to other objects.
6. Find the area A defined by the two arcs, as described in the figure below.