You are on page 1of 1

Automated Industrial Robot Path Planning

for Pick and Place Applications


Pablo Gonzalez, Stanislas Pilmis, Tzu-Yang Kao, Paula Zaldua and Ming-Yang Cheng, Member, IEEE

AbstractIndustrial robots are being used in many


applications nowadays and their capabilities are continually
improving, yet to reach their limit. However, in many
applications, the industrial robot needs to be programmed in
advance as most of industrial robots do not have learning and
adaptation capabilities. In order to alleviate this problem, a
graphic user interface application in C# for using an
industrial robot arm to perform a pick & place task is
developed. In particular, shape and color recognition were
performed using a Kinect for Xbox connected to the main
computer. The detection results are transferred to the robot
controller, with the robot is controlled so as to move to the
target. Computer simulations using RobotStudio in addition to
real experiments are carried out to verify the effectiveness of
the proposed approach.

Figure 2. Procedure of scene analysis

Figure 3. Final result of image processing

I. INTRODUCTION
Industrial robots have experienced a rapid growth
recently due to the lack of skilled manpower in many sectors
of industry. In industrial manufacturing, robots are required
to perform repetitive and non-repetitive tasks, such as hand
writing [1]. 3D cameras like Kinect [2] could be integrated
with robotics systems to perform such tasks. Kinect, using its
depth camera [3, 4], can be calibrated to estimate the
position of objects in front of it with reliable precision.
Scene analysis is also crucial. Estimation of the target
position depends upon the precision of image processing of
the scene [5].
II.METHODS AND RESULTS
The experimental system (Figure 1) consists of an ABB
robot and its controller (connected to the main computer),
plus a Kinect camera. The interaction between the camera
and the robot arm relies on a scheme that is developed
based on RobotStudio and Visual Studio. The integration of
both platforms allows the robot to find the object in the
correct world frame position.

By calculating the intrinsic and extrinsic camera


parameters, the position information of the target in the real
world can be obtained and sent to the robot controller.
Experimental results are shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4. Experimental results

III. CONCLUSION
Using the proposed approach, the ABB robot that
integrates Kinect is able to perform pick and place tasks
with high accuracy.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We would like to express our gratitude to Catcher
Technology Co Ltd for providing us with the ABB robot.
REFERENCES
[1]

[2]

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of the experimental system

Figure 2 shows the procedure of scene analysis. The


major goal of scene analysis is to recognize the position and
shape of each object. Image processing is performed using
the Aforge.Net library. The results are shown in Figure 3.

[3]
[4]
[5]

A. Izabo, T. Faisal, M. Iwan, H M A A AL-Assadi, H. Ramli,


Programming ABB Industrial Robot for an Accurate Handwriting. 11th
WSEAS International Conference on System Science and Simulation
in Engineering (ICOSSSE '12) 2012, pp. 80-85.
H.Belhadj, S.Ben Hassen, K. Kaaniche, and H. Mekki, KUKA Robot
based Kinect image analysis. In IEEE Individual and Collective
Behaviors on Robotic, 2013 pp.21-26.
J. Smisek, M. Jancosek, and T. Pajdla, 3D with Kinect, in ICCV
Workshop on Consumer Depth Cameras for Computer Vision,2011
F. Ryden, H. J. Chizeck, S. N. Kosari, H. King, and B. Hannaford.Using
Kinect TM and a Haptic Interface for Implementation of Real-Time
Virtual Fixtures. In RSS Workshop on RGB-D Cameras, 2011
Jafari S, Jarvis R (2005) Robotic eye-to-hand coordination:
implementing visual perception to object manipulation. Int J Hybrid
Intell Syst 2(4): pp. 269293