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Plate element benchmark comparison

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Problem Statement:

A cantilever beam of z-cross section with an end couple force of 0.6 MN is

applied as shown in the figure.1 is a benchmark to test plate element type. The

benchmark value by NAFEMS1 standard bench test reports the compressive axial stress at

the plate mid-surface to be -108 MPa at point P shown in the figure.

Figure.1

Ref: 1 National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards, Rev. 3, 1990 http://www.nafems.org

Objective:

The standard reported value is used to perform a convergence study of all the plate

elements available, namely linear and parabolic order triangle and quadrilateral elements.

Relevant data:

Material properties: E = 210 GPa, = 0.3.

Physical Properties: Mindlin plate element with thickness of 0.1m.

Loading:

A torque load of 1.2 MN-m is equivalent to a couple force of 0.6 MN applied at each

edge as a shear load is shown as the figure 2.

Constraints:

One end of the beam is clamped so as to simulate a cantilever beam condition.

Figure 2

Check that you apply a shear force of 0.6 MPa in opposite directions at

two edges of the Z cross-section.

Check that you have changed the thickness from the default value.

Always start with a course mesh, if possible.

Investigate whether the drilling degree of freedom has an effect

Check that you are looking for axial (Z) stress results.

Check that you are reading results at mid-layer of the plate element.

Check that there are two stress values reported at point P while you query

the two adjacent elements related to the node at P. Average those two

values manually before keying into convergence plot.

Convergence Study

No. of

Elements

51

80

280

312

660

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

113

111.5

111

111

110.5

113.5

113

112.5

112

111.5

111

110.5

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

No of elements

Linear Quad

The linear quadrilateral elements have converged at a mesh density of 280 elements.

Compressive

Axial Stress

at P, MPa

106.96

108.74

108.34

109.3

109.45

109.61

109.54

No. of Elements

9

12

15

18

21

24

32

110

109.5

18

21

24

32

109

12

108.5

15

108

107.5

107

106.5

0

10

15

20

25

30

35

No of elements

Parabolic Quad

No. of

Elements

30

182

320

596

1062

1346

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

39.4

78.26

79.83

95.61

99.05

100

Compressiveaxial stress at P,

MPa

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

0

500

1000

1500

No of Ele me nts

Linear Triangle

Linear triangle element has converged with a higher mesh density of 1062 elements.

No. of

Elements

Compressive Axial

Stress at P, MPa

54

82

182

320

596

1346

118

117.7

112.6

111.09

111.05

110.9

119

118

117

116

115

114

113

112

111

110

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

No of Elements

Parabolic Triangle

The convergence of parabolic triangle elements has improved compared to linear triangle

elements. They converge at mesh distribution of 320 elements.

Comparison

140

120

108 MPa

Theoretical Value

100

80

60

40

20

0

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

No of elements

Linear Triangle

Parabolic Triangle

Linear Quad

Parabolic Quad

Conclusion:

Use of parabolic quadrilateral elements saves computation time and will result in accurate

results compared to other elements.

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