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# OPTIMIZATION OF THE DESIGN

OF A SKIMMER TANK
Paula Luca Ismirlian
Astra Evangelista S.A.

AESA
Engineering
Manufacturing

Construction
Services
Presence in Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay.

Problem Description
Location: Santa Cruz, Argentina.
Secondary oil recovery by water injection
Water Treatment Plant for re-injection of water in oil well
Skimmer Tank:
Flotation of oil droplets (discrete phase)
Separation from water (continuous phase)

flow pattern

## Problem Description (cont.)

Skimmer Tank: Simple / Low cost / Low maintenance
Overflow

Inlet

Baffles

Outlet

DESIGN OPTIMIZATION
Configuration of internals and inlet and outlet ducts

Methodology
Initial geometry (Case 1)
Alternative designs (Cases 2 - 3)

## Premise: Mx. ppm of oil in water outlet

Methodology
CFD:
Flow patterns inside the tank
Velocities

## Oil concentration in water outlet

Oil particles and sand particles path

## Quantity of oil and sand escaping from each outlet

Recirculation zones

Analysys
1. Geometry (basic case)

Analysys
2. Meshing

Prisms and
Tetrahedrons

ANSYS Meshing

Analysys
3. Set up

ANSYS CFX

Two simulations:

phase

## Turbulence model: Standard k-epsilon

Stationary regime

Incompressible fluid

Isothermal

Analysys

continuous phase

Transient regime

water)

One-way coupling

## No colision between particles

No coalescence

Indeformable particles

Analysys
Material properties (constant) :

## 3 diameters (Size 1 < Size 2 < Size 3)

Inlet concentrations
Densities
Oil viscosity.

Analysys
Boundary conditions:

Outlet pressure

## Superior wall: overflow condition

Continuous phase
Discrete phase

free slip
absoption coefficient = 1

## Lateral walls/baffles: no roughness

Continuous phase
Discrete phase

no slip
perpendicular and parallel bounce
coefficients

## Results and conclusions

Case 1: Basic geommetry
Water velocities:
INLET

OUTLET

## Results and conclusions

Velocity in a plane:

INLET
OUTLET

## Results and conclusions

Velocities in other planes:

Oil Particles:

size1 BLUE
size2 RED
size3 GREEN

## Results and conclusions

Case 2: Jacketed in/out
Water velocity fields:
INLET

OUTLET

## Results and conclusions

Water Streamlines
(velocities):

## Results and conclusions

Oil concentrations:
Inlet

Outlet
Overflow
Inside

Size 3

Size 2

Size 1

## Results and conclusions

Case 3: Vertical baffles
Horizontal
baffles

Vertical
baffles

Outlet
Inlets

## Results and conclusions

Water streamlines

## Results and conclusions

Size 1 residence time:

## Results and conclusions

Size 3 residence time:

Inlet

Outlet
Overflow
Inside

Mx. ppm

Size 3

Size 2

Size 1

Thank you!

Questions?