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City Development plan

Gurh, Madhya Pradesh

Submitted to:

Urban Administration and Development


Department, GoMP
Palika Bhawan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

Project co-ordination:

City Managers Association,


Madhya Pradesh (CMAMP)
Palika Bhawan, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
Submitted by:

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.


A-81, Sector 65, Noida, Uttar Pradesh

Gurh Town
DISTRICT REWA
POPULATION- 14590

Gurh is a town and a Nagar Panchayat in Rewa district in


the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is 23 KM far from Rewa
city, after Gurh a long Mountain range starts which divide the
Rewa and Sidhi District's border. It is famous for Bhairav Baba
statue. Gurh can be called as Fair and Festival Town.

CDP
CDP

City Profile
DMG Consulting P. Ltd.
Gurh

CompanyName
ULB Name

Yes

24 30'
80 30'
950-1050 mm
405 m
8.50 sqkm
8.50 sqkm
1982

Whether the Sectoral Analysis report is as per UADD requisites

Town Brief

Geographical location (Town)


Average rainfall (annual)
Height above mean sea level
Municipal area (1991)
Municipal area (2001)
Municipal area (2011)
Date of Constitution of ULB

Population

Historic importance
Population Year 1981 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 1991 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 2001 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 2011 (under Municipal
boundary only)

In one or two
sentences

NA

10,782
12,450
14,590
Town level

Name of Population projection Method

Geometric Projection Method

Projected population adopted Year 2015

15,561

Projected population adopted Year 2025

18,212

Projected population adopted Year 2035

21,306

Land Use

Land Use

Latitude
Longitude
MM
Mts
Sq kms
Sq kms
Sq kms
Date

Residential
Commercial
Public - semi public
Industrial
Roads
Recreational
Sensitive
Water bodies
Developed area
Un- Developed area / Agriculture
Total

% Standard (as per Land use (Tentative Land use (Tentative


UDPFI)
in Sq kms )
in percentage)
45-50%
2-3%
6-8%
8-10%
10-12%
12-14%
rest
rest

0.75
0.05
0.05
0.16
0.49
1.5
7.0
8.5

49.7
3.5
3.5
0.0
10.8
0.0
0.0
32.5
100
82.2

Ward #
Name of ward
Ward Population
Area (sq kms)
Density (PPSqkm)
Male
Female
SC
ST
BPL
Sex ratio
Literacy rate (%)
No. of Primary
schools

Ward 1
815
1
572
189
111
NA
NA
NA
908
54
NA

Ward 2

Ward 3

Ward 4

Ward 5

Ward 6

City Profile (Ward Wise)


Ward 7
Ward 8

Ward 9

Ward 10

Ward 11

Tertiary
No. of SS/LS
industrial units
No. of
Commercial
No. of Slum
Slum population
No. of Slum
No. of Individual
water connections
No. of Community
water connections
No. of
Commercial
No. of Tubewells
No. of
No. of OHTs
% Coverage of
piped water
No. of Individual
No. of Individual
Septic tanks
No. of Community
Septic tanks
No. of Community
toilets
% of population Open defecation
No. of Dust bins

Ward 13

Ward 14

Ward 15

803
0
3,881
177
71
NA
NA
NA
949
66

808
0
23,557
188
40
NA
NA
NA
933
69

744
0
9,430
242
155
NA
NA
NA
980
60

870
0
31,071
234
140
NA
NA
NA
956
64

866
1
1,266
197
178
NA
NA
NA
876
45

783
0
13,094
242
200
NA
NA
NA
871
51

954
0
11,480
272
268
NA
NA
NA
945
36

812
0
18,581
202
105
NA
NA
NA
882
63

700
0
22,581
187
37
NA
NA
NA
855
68

766
0
9,909
213
148
NA
NA
NA
930
64

924
1
1,779
250
171
NA
NA
NA
830
59

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Agriculture

Agriculture

No. of Primary
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
Health Centre
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
No. of Households
Primary
Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacturing
occupation
(Majority)
Seconday
occupation

Ward 12

644
0
6,446
149
58
NA
NA
NA
966
62

Manufacturing Manufacturing

983
3
360
300
195
NA
NA
NA

978
2
407
255
135
NA
NA
NA

932
49

895
42

Manufacturing Manufacturing

Total
12,450
8
1,465
3,297
2,012
2,347
1,203
NA
910
56
4
NA
2,112
NA

Agriculture

Commercial

Agriculture

NA

Commercial

NA

Commercial

Agriculture

Agriculture

Agriculture

Commercial

Agriculture

Agriculture

NA

Commercial

Agriculture

Commercial

NA

Agriculture

NA

Agriculture

Commercial

Commercial

Commercial

Agriculture

Commercial

NA

Commercial

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

*
NA
NA

NA
1,965
NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

6 hand
pumps

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA

9
160
2

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

10 percent

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

303

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

243

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

100

NA
3
~85 %
7

Ward #
Name of ward
Wardwise Waste
generated (Kgs)
Road sweeping (1
time or 2 times)
Total no. of
sanitary workers
Length of Pucca
road (Mts)
Length of Kuccha
road (Mts)
Length of State
Highway
Length of
National Highway
Length of Road
side drains Pucca
Length of Natural
drains (Nallah)
Pucca/Channelize
Length of Natural
drains (Nallah)
No. of Streetlights
No. of Electricity
connections
Name of Tourist
site if any
Name of Heritage
site if any
Bus stop (No.)
Bus stand(No.)
Parks (No.)
Playground(No.)
No. of Residential
properties
No. of
Commercial
Total Property tax
collection (in Rs.)
Property tax
coverage(in %)
Available
Government land
Remarks

City Profile (Ward Wise)


Ward 7
Ward 8

Ward 1

Ward 2

Ward 3

Ward 4

Ward 5

Ward 6

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

2,500

1,000

1,000

Ward 9

Ward 10

Ward 11

Ward 12

Ward 13

Ward 14

Ward 15

Total

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

0.1 mt/day

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

11700 mts

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

3.77 km

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

1,200

900

1,200

1,000

1,000

950
300

1,100

1,000

1,000

1,500

4,000

19850 mts

300

1300 mts

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

242

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

1,635

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA

Kashtaharn
ath temple
& old fort of
Gurh
Old fort of
Gurh
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Note

200

500

500

* marks shows the ward with slums

Sectoral Analysis
Source

Sewerage
Drainage
SWM

Physical Infrastructure

Water Supply

No. of Tubewell / River / Well

Existing Source
Tubewell
Well
23 open
9
wells

Water Supplied by Tubewell /


River / Well in MLD

River/Lake
River Bichhiya and Renuka
NA

Total water supply in the town (MLD)


2.64 MLD
Existing Supply rate (LPCD) considering distribution
21.20 lpcd
losses
Water Charges per household per month (Rs.)
NA
Flat/Metered
% Coverage under paid water supply
NA
Whether any treatment plant exists (Y/N),If yes mention
No
capacity (MLD)
Proposed source (Surface)
NA
Total sewage generation (MLD)
1.57 MLD
Whether any treatment plant exists (Y/N),If yes mention
no
capacity
Total no. of individual septic tanks
243
Total no. of community septic tanks
NA
Total no. of Sewage/Mud pumps available with the ULB
NA
Frequency of Cleaning Individual Septic tanks
NA
Frequency of Cleaning Community Septic tanks
NA
Name of natural nallah (Storm water drain)
NA
Length of natural nallah (Storm water drain) Kms
NA
Ultimate disposal point of nallah
River
Length of road side drain (Kms)
NA
Coverage of road side drainage w.r.t roads (%)
NA
Ultimate disposal point of Road side drains
River
Any treatment plant/procedure adopted
NA
Per capita Solid waste generation (Considering
250 Gram per Capita
Standards) (in gms)
Total SW generation (in Tons)
31.125 Tons
Frequency of SW collection by the ULB (1 time per day/2 In core areas, daily basis. In peripheral area
times per day)
once in a month.
Collection efficiency of the ULB (%)
34%
Any initiative for DTDC (Yes /No)
NA
Any initiative for scientific disposal of waste
No
Name of dumping/ landfill site
NA
Is the existing site Dumping site or allotted site for
No
Scientific disposal
Area of allotted landfill site for Scientific disposal
No
Distance of the Dumping site/landfill site from main
NA
settlement area (Kms)
No. of Tractor trolleys/vehicles available with the ULB
Tractor-1 / Trolley-2
for carrying Solid waste to the LF site
If site for Scientific disposal is not allotted then whether
Yes
formally requested by the ULB
Name of National Highway passing from or nearby from
the town (NH-XYZ)

NH-75 (3.77 km)


4

Roads

Sectoral Analysis
Distance of National Highway if nearby from the town
(NH-XYZ) in Kms

NA

Name of State Highway passing from or nearby from the


town (SH-XYZ)

NA

Distance of State Highway if nearby from the town (SHXYZ) in Kms

NA

CC
WBM
Total (kms)

19.850 Kms

Total length of Kuccha roads (kms)

(kms)

1.3 Kms

Gap w.r.t Standards

(kms)

33.24 kms

Total length of Pucca roads (Kms)

Traffic & transportation


Street lighting

60 buses & 30 jeeps

Bus stand (yes/No)

yes

Any intracity mass transport mode (yes/no)

no

Name of locations facing major traffic


issues

1
2
3

NA
NA
NA

Name of the street beautified as per the


instructions of UADD

NA

Total no. of street lights

242

No. of Streetlights under working condition

242

No. of Streetlights having Tubes

NA

No. of Streetlights having CFL

210

No. of Streetlights having Incandescent bulbs

32

No. of Streetlights having LED

NA

No. of Streetlights having LPS

NA

Location of Substation
http://www.mptransco.nic.in
Power

Physical Infrastructure

Total no. of vehicles in the town

NA
NA

33/11KV
132 kv

NA
1

Total no. of residential connections

NA

Total no. of Commercial connections

NA

Any subsidy for BPL (Y/N)

NA

Duration of Electricity supply per day (in Hrs)

NA

Heritage & tourism


Environment

Heritage & tourism

Sectoral Analysis
Name of Heritage site/s
Ownership/agency
Prevailing Heritage Act/s
Name of Tourist site/s
Ownership/agency

Gurh Fort
NA
NA
NA
NA

Total no. of Pilgrims/ Tourists visiting town per day

NA

Name of River/Lake/Forest range/Any specific species

NA

Prevailing Environmental Act/s


Areas facing threats

NA
NA

No. of Primary Health centres/Dispensary

NA
Government

NA

Beds
Private
Beds

NA
NA
NA

Health

No. of Hospitals

Education

Name of Nearby town reffered for


Treatment

Social security schemes

Social Infrastructure

Multispeciality hospital if any (Y/N)

No
Name of
town
Distance
(Kms)

No. of Primary schools


No. of Secondary/High schools

Reva
25-30 km
4
2 middle & 1 higher secondary schools

No. of Colleges
No. of ITI

NA
NA

No. of Beneficiaries under SJSRY (Street Vendor)

NA

No. of Beneficiaries under Haath thela/Rickshaw chalak


yojna
No. of Rain Basera/Night Shelter
Ownership of Rain Basera (with ULB/Rental)
No. of Beneficiaries under Gharelu Kamkaji Mahila
Yojana
Name of other Social security schemes

NA
NA
NA
NA
The social security pension scheme for old
age, physically challenged and widows etc.

Sectoral Analysis
Slums & Urban Poor
Name of
Individual
No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
Ward Slum pocket/ Notified/ UnWard
Slum
water
Community Handpump Individual Community
No
reference
notified
population population
connections
taps
s
toilets
toilets
name

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

*
*
*
NA
NA
*
*
*
*
*
NA
NA
*
NA
*

Total
Note:

Un-Notified
Un-Notified
Un-Notified
Un-Notified
Notified
Un-Notified
Notified
Un-Notified
Un-Notified
Notified

815
644
803
808
744
870
866
783
954
812
700
766
924
983
978

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

No. of
Pucca
houses

No. of Semi
pucca
houses

No. of
Kuccha
houses

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

No. of
No. of
Permanent Temporary
pattas
pattas
distributed distributed

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

No. of
Primary
school in
the slum
pocket

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

No. of
Beneficiarie
Any
Primary
s under
interventio
Health
social
ns under
centres in
security
IHSDP
the slum
schemes
(Y/N)
pocket

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

12450
1955
* mark means, corresponding ward is having slum population.

SECTORIAL GOALS
YEAR

SEWERAGE & SANITATION


SWM

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

DRAINAGE

WATER SUPPLY

Components

2015

2025

2035

Network coverage to households

40%

100%

100%

Per capita supply as per norms (135


lpcd)

135

135

135

24/7 water supply

City specific Strategies

By 2035, 24x7 hours


water supply as per
the standard and full
network coverage,
water harvesting,
consumer metering
and low cost water
treatment plant (Rapid
Sand filteration).

Preliminary
estimate

Implementing agency

Mode of Implementation (PPP


etc.)

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

Contract basis

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.


GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

40%

100%

100%

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

25%

15%

5%

Consumer metering

80%

100%

100%

Cost recovery

100%

100%

100%

Roof water harvesting


Private sector participation
Storm water drainage network
coverage

40%
10%

80%
70%

100%
100%

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

80%

100%

100%

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

Rehabilitation of existing pucca drains

100%

100%

100%

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

100%

100%

100%

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

Quality of water
Non revenue water

Rehabilitation of existing primary


nallahs and water bodies
Flood prone areas

100%

100%

100%

Sewer network coverage to


households

60%

100%

100%

Sewage Treatment and disposal


arrangements

80%

100%

100%

Sewage Recycling and reuse


Cost recovery (as a % of O&M )

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

Safe sanitation facilities (with focus


on Urban poor)
Door-to-door collection system
Source segregation

80%

100%

100%

80%
100%

100%
100%

100%
100%

Improve waste collection efficiency

100%

100%

100%

Mechanized waste handling


Scientific waste disposal
Landfill site adequacy
Cost recovery of O&M
Private sector participation

Partial
Partial
Partial
80%
70%

Full
Full
Full
100%
100%

Full
Full
Full
100%
100%

1725 Lakhs

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.


GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.
GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

Contract basis

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.


Yes

Preparation of master
plan, rehabilitation and
improvement
programmes.

190 Lakhs

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.


To provide 100%
sewerage system with
low cost sanitation
projects, proper
treatment before
disposal with Root
zone treatment system
and DEWATS.

305 Lakhs

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

GNP

PPP

GNP, UADD, Govt. of M.P.

PPP

GNP
GNP
Implementation of
Integrated waste
management system.

GNP
241 Lakhs

GNP
GNP
GNP
GNP
GNP, PWD

PPP

ENVIRONMENT

HERITAGE &TOURISM

FIRE
FIGHTIN
G

POWER

STREET
LIGHTNING

ROADS & TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

PHYSICAL INFRA
HEREITAGE & TOURISM

New road formations


Road upgradations (Widening/
strengthening)
ROBs/flyovers

50%

100%
100%

100%
100%

Development of bus terminus

60%

100%

100%

Development of truck terminus

70%

100%

100%

Junctions and traffic signal


improvements

100%

100%

100%

Mass transit system

30%

60%

100%

Parking facilities

100%

100%

100%

New Installation

30%

70%

100%

Upgradation

100%

100%

100%

70%

100%

Energy savings

70%

100%

100%

24/7 electricity supply


100 % electricity supply
Development of alternative energy
sources

100%
100%

100%
100%

100%
100%

100%

100%

100%

100% Fire safety coverage

100%

100%

100%

Fully equipped fire station

100%

100%

100%

Underground cabling

Identify archaeological resources in


the city (Heritage listing)
Development of green areas as per
norms

100% *

Water bodies
preservation/Conservation

100% *

Tourist accommodation adequacy

100% *

Tourist attraction and circuits


regional and city level
Clean and healthy environment
Conserved natural environment water bodies
Eco-friendly vehicles

100% *

830 Lakhs

Installation of solar
street lights with CFL &
LED lights to save
energy.
340 Lakhs
Development of
underground cabling.

BOOT

GNP, PWD

PPP

BOOT

GNP, PWD

BOOT

GNP, PWD

PPP

GNP, PWD

BOOT

GNP, PWD

Contract

GNP

Contract

GNP

Contract

GNP

Contract

GNP

Contract

GNP
GNP

State dovt.

GNP

PPP

GNP

200 Lakhs

100% *

Desilting of nallahs

100% *

Incineration of bio-medical waste


100% *

GNP

GNP, State tourism Dept.,

GNP & State Tourism Dept.

GNP, State tourism Dept.,

PPP

GNP, State tourism Dept.,

PPP

GNP, State tourism Dept.,


GNP, State tourism Dept.,

PPP

GNP

100% *
100% *

GNP, PWD

GNP

provision of well
equipped fire station.

Development of
Govindgarh as transit
point for surrounding
tourist points,
development of water
fronts, improvement
of connectivity of
tourist places.

GNP, PWD

GNP, PWD

100% *

Disposal of treated sewage in nallahs

Implementation of norms/standards
for pollution control

Road upgradation and


development,
development of bus &
truck terminal,
signalised junctions,
provision of parking
facilities and
strenthening Public
transport.

PPP
Development of water
bodies, plantation,
checking of pollution
level, use of ecofriendly vehicles,
treatment facilities for
wastes etc.

GNP, GoMP

PPP

GNP
-

GNP

PPP

GNP

PPP

GNP

GNP

EDUCATION
RECREATIONAL
SLUMS & URBAN POOR

SLUMS & URBAN POOR

Social security schemes

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

HEALTH

100% doctor-patient ratio


100% patient-bed ratio

100% *
100% *

Effective implementation of health


programmes and related services in
the slum areas of the city

100% *

Regular checks for water


contamination in all water bodies of
the city

100% *

Literacy rates

100% *

Ensure 100% enrollment in primary


schools

100% *

100% Teacher student ratio

100% *

Technical, engineering & medical


education in the city

100% *

Developed existing parks


Area coverage under recreational
facilities
Playing facilities
Provision for green-belts in future
development plans
Sufficient infrastructure at
mela/exhibition ground
Security of tenure for urban poor
Inclusion of 100% urban poor
population under various central and
state govts social sectors schemes like
old-age pension schemes, Scheme for
handicapped persons, deen-dayal
antyoday yojana, mid-day meals
schemes, etc
Pucca housing for urban poor
Access to water connection
Access to public toilets and urinal
facilities for all slum households
Access to dustbins and secondary
storage points
Upgradation of kutcha roads to PCC
roads in slums
Improved drainage systems
Adequate street lighting facilities
Education facilities
Community halls etc.
Adequate health facilities
Security of tenure for urban poor
Note:

Strenthening
infrastructures in
health centers and to
run health initiative
programs.

Provision of coeducation,
strengthning of
education
infrastructures and
opening of vocational
training centres.

200 Lakhs

100% *
100% *

Development of water
bodies, mini-stadium,
exibition ground,
community halls,
public library etc.

Recruitment
Contract

GNP, health dept.

Contract

GNP, health dept.

Contract

Edu. Dept of M.P. and GNP


940 Lakhs
Edu. Dept of M.P. and GNP

Recruitment

Edu. Dept of M.P. and GNP

PPP

GNP

Contract / PPP

100% *
100% *

GNP, health dept.


GNP, health dept.

GNP
Included in
tourism

100% *

GNP
GNP
GNP

contract

MPHB, GNP

100% *

1250 lakhs
100% *

100% *
100% *
100% *

PPP
GNP

100% *
100% *

Provision of Land
ownership,
improvement
Regarding slum
schemes, relocation of
development,
hazardous slums,
investment has
pucca drain network,
been done in
financial support for
other sectors.
the construction of
houses.

100% *
100% *
100% *
100% *
* Marks - project has to be done till year 2035 by GNP, depending upon city need and available resources.

GNP

Contract / PPP

GNP

Contract / PPP

GNP

PPP

GNP

PPP

GNP

PPP

GNP
GNP
GNP
MPHB, GNP

PPP
PPP
PPP

10

Capital Expenditures

Revenue Expenditure

Capital
Receipts

Revenue Income

Municipal Finance (Should be filled carefully and it should be checked whether the capital income is factual or based on assumption
Year
Rates and Tax Revenue
Assigned Revenues & Compensation
Rental Income from Municipal Properties
Fees & User Charges
Sale & Hire Charges
Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies
Income from Investments
Interest Earned
Tax
Non-Tax
Other Income
Total - Revenue Income
Grants, Contribution for specific purposes
Secured Loans
Unsecured Loans
Deposits
Deposit works
Total Capital Receipts
Establishment Expenses
Administrative Expenses
Operations & Maintenance
Interest & Finance Charges
Programme Expenses
Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies
Miscellaneous Expenses
Transfer to Fund
Other
Total - Revenue Expenditure
Fixed Assets
Capital Work-in-Progress
Investments -General Fund
Investments-Other Funds
Stocks/Inventory
Loans, Advances and Deposits
Other Assets
Miscellaneous Expenditure
Total Capital Expenditure
Total Income
Total Expenditure

2005-06
-

2006-07
-

2007-08
-

2008-09
107063
147291
10547622
10801976
3787212
4753489
89470
5248290
13878461
-

2009-10
3597479
194513
14640901
18432893
3467401
8580527
1281420
6390359
19719707
-

2010-11
8517391
236235
15683221
24436847
4598405
10607626
1620504
4729821
21556356
-

Note: Refer Madhya Pradesh Municipal Accounting Manual for further details. Can be downloaded from "Download" Section of www.mpurban.gov.in.

11

Reforms Action Plan


Reforms

Timeline to achieve reforms till 2015

Achieved (Y/N)
2012-13

Full migration of double accounting


System
Property tax reforms, 85% coverage
ratio and 90% collection ratio
Levy of user charges : full recovery of O
& M charges for sewerage, water supply
and SWM
Internal earmarking of basic services to
urban poor
E-governance
Provision of basic services to urban poor
including security of tenure at affordable
prices, improved housing, water supply,
sanitation

Preliminary
Any City specific
estimate (if any)
Strategies
for
adopted
implementation

N
N

2013-14

2014-15

Implementing
agency

2015-16

25%

50%

75%

100%

No

Not Available

UADD

25%

50%

75%

100%

No

Not Available

Nagar Parishad

25%

50%

75%

100%

No

Not Available

Nagar Parishad

25%

50%

75%

100%

No

Not Available

67%

33%

100%

No

40 lakh

50%

75%

100%

No

Not Available

N
N
N

25%

Nagar Parishad &


UADD
UADD
Nagar Parishad &
UADD

12

City Development Plan


Gurh, Madhya Pradesh

SUBMITTED TO:Urban Administration and Development


Department, GoMP

PROJECT CO-ORDINATION:City Managers' Association Madhya Pradesh

CONSULTANT:DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.


A-81, Sector- 65, NOIDA (UP)

Chief Municipal Officer


Gurh

Sub Engineer
Gurh

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Table of Contents

LIST OF TABLES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ VIII


LIST OF FIGURES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ XI
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1.

INTRODUCTION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

BACKGROUND ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 11
CONCEPT AND PRINCIPLE OF CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN -------------------------------------------------------------- 11
OBJECTIVE OF THE ASSIGNMENT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
UNDERSTANDING OF TERMS OF REFERENCE VIS A VIS METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY ----------------------------- 12
APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY FOR PREPARATION OF CDP -------------------------------------------------------- 13
SCOPE OF WORK --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 15

2.

INTRODUCTION TO GURH ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.6

INTRODUCTION TO REWA ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 23


ADMINISTRATIVE BOUNDARY-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
LOCATION AND CONNECTIVITY ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 23
STUDY AREA -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
TOPOGRAPHY & GEOLOGY ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 27
CLIMATE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 27
AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY, MINERALS & FLORA FAUNA --------------------------------------------------------------- 28

3.

DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE TOWN ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 30

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.5.3

BACKGROUND ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 30
POPULATION TREND AND URBANIZTION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30
POPULATION DENSITY --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31
POPULATION PROJECTIONS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33
METHODOLOGY ADOPTED TO ESTIMATE POPULATION ---------------------------------------------------------------- 33
ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION METHOD ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 33
GEOMETRICAL PROGRESSION METHOD -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34
INCREMENTAL INCREASE METHOD -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 34

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10

SUMMARY OF POPULATION PROJECTION THROUGH VARIOUS METHODS-------------------------------------------- 34


SCHEDULE CASTE & SCHEDULE TRIBE POPULATION ------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
LITERACY RATE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 35
SEX RATIO ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
SWOT ANALYSIS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 38

4.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE TOWN ------------------------------------------------------------------- 40

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.8.1
4.8.2
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12

BACKGROUND ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 40
SEX RATIO ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
LITERACY RATE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
WORKFORCE PARTICIPATION -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
DEPENDENCY RATIO------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 42
INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43
INFORMAL BUSINESS AND LOCAL ECONOMY (TRADE & COMMERCE) ------------------------------------------------ 44
WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 44
HERITAGE AND TOURISM ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 45
SWOT ANALYSIS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 46
ISSUES --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 47
PROPOSED PROJECTS, THEIR COST AND IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES:--------------------------------------------------- 47

5.

PHYSICAL PLANNING AND GROWTH MANAGEMENT ------------------------------------------------------ 50

5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.5.3
5.6
5.7
5.8

BACKGROUND ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 50
SPATIAL GROWTH TRENDS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 50
LANDUSE ANALYSIS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 51
HOUSING SCENARIO ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
INTRODUCTION ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
HOUSING STOCK---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
PRESENT AND FUTURE HOUSING DEMAND----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 56
FUTURE GROWTH POSSIBILITIES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57
SWOT ANALYSIS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58

6.

URBAN INFRASTRUCUTRE SERVICES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61

6.1
6.2
6.2.1

INTRODUCTION ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCUTRE --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61
WATER SUPPLY ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 61

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 72
6.2.2
SEWERAGE AND SANITATION -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 72
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 78
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 88
6.2.3
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 88
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 96
6.2.4
TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 97
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 104
6.2.5
STREET LIGHTING AND FIRE FIGHTING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 104
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 108
6.2.6
URBAN POOR AND THEIT ACCESSIBILITY TO BASIS SERVICES -------------------------------------------------------- 109
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 114
6.3
SOCIAL INFRASTRUCUTRE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 115
6.3.1
HEALTH ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 115
6.3.2
EDUCATION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 116
6.3.3
RECREATION AND ENTERTAINMENT ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 117
6.3.4
FIRE FIGHTING SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 117
6.3.5
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WITH THE UDPFI GUIDELINES ------------------------------------------------------------ 117
6.3.6
SWOT ANALYSIS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 121
6.3.7
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 122
6.3.8
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 122
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 123
6.4
ENVIRONMENT --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
6.4.1
FLORA AND FAUNA ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
6.4.2
POLLUTION LEVELS (AIR, WATER AND SOIL) ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
6.4.3
CITY GREEN SPACES ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 124
6.4.4
WATER FRONT DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION ---------------------------------------------------------------- 125
6.4.5
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 125
6.4.6
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 125
6.5
HERITAGE AND CONSERVATION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 126
6.5.1
IDENTIFICATION OF TOURIST SPOTS AT LOCAL LEVEL ---------------------------------------------------------------- 126
6.5.2
IDENTIFICATION OF TOURIST SPOTS AT REGIONAL LEVEL ------------------------------------------------------------ 127
6.5.3
IDENTIFICATION OF TOURIST SPOTS AT LOCAL LEVEL ---------------------------------------------------------------- 129
6.5.4
EXISTING REGULATIONS/HERITAGE GUIDELINES AT THE ULB AND STATE LEVEL ---------------------------------- 129
6.5.5
HERITAGE ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 130
6.5.6
TOURISM POTENTIAL OF THE TOWN ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 130
6.5.7
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WITH THE UDPFI & UNESCO GUIDELINES --------------------------------------------- 130
6.5.8
SWOT ANALYSIS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 130
6.5.9
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 131
6.5.10
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 131
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 131
7.

PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE: WATER SUPPLY ------------------------------------------------------------- 133

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


7.1
INTRODUCTION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 133
7.2
SOURCES OF WATER SUPPLY ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 133
7.3
WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 133
7.4
WATER DISTRIBUTION ARRANGEMENTS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 134
7.5
PRESENT AND FUTURE DEMAND AND SUPPLY GAPS ----------------------------------------------------------------- 136
7.6
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WITH UDPFI, CPHEEO GUIDELINES ----------------------------------------------------- 137
7.7
SWOT ANALYSIS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 138
7.8
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 138
7.9
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 138
7.10
LOW COST WATER TREATMENT OPTION ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 140
PROJECT IDENTIFICATION & COSTING------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 140
8.

EXISTING INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT ----------------------------------------- 143

8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9

URBAN LOCAL BODY STRUCTURE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 143


TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING DEPARTMENT --------------------------------------------------------------------- 144
DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 145
PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 145
MADHYA PRADESH HOUSING BOARD -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 145
MADHYA PRADESH POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD ------------------------------------------------------------------- 146
ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR IN INFRASTRUCUTRE SERVICE PROVISION ----------------------------------------------- 146
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 146
CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 146

9.

INVESTMENT PLAN AND FINANCING STRATEGIES -------------------------------------------------------- 149

9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.6.1
9.6.2
9.7
9.7.1
9.7.2
9.8
9.8.1
9.8.2

REVENUE ACCOUNT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 149


KEY ASSUMPTIONS ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 149
NON TAX SOURCES----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 149
REVENUE INCOME ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 149
GROWTH IN INCOME --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 150
OBSERVATIONS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 151
REVENUE EXPENDITURE------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 151
CAPITAL ACCOUNT ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 151
CAPITAL INCOME ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 151
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 152
KEY FINANCIAL INDICATORS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 153
REVENUE INDICATORS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 153
EXPENDITURE INDICATORS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 153
INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND SURPLUS DEFICIT: ANALYSIS ---------------------------------------------------------- 153
FINANCIAL STATUS AT A GLANCE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 153
KEY ISSUES AND CONCLUSION ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 154

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


9.9

CITY SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN------------------------------------------------------------------------ 155

10.

INVESTMENT PRIORITIZATION PLAN ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 157

10.1
10.2
10.2.1
10.2.2
10.2.3
10.2.4
10.2.5
10.2.6
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.3.3
10.3.2
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.8.1
10.8.2
10.8.3
10.8.4
10.8.5
10.8.6
10.8.7
10.9.
10.9.1
10.9.2
10.9.3
10.9.4
10.9.5
10.9.6

PROJECT IDENTIFICATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 157


PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 157
WATER SUPPLY --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 157
DRAINAGE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 157
SEWERAGE AND SANITATION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 157
SOLID WASTE MANAEMENT------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 158
TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 158
URBAN POOR ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 159
SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 160
HEALTH FACILITES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 160
EDUCATIONAL FACILITES ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 160
RECREATION AND ENTERTAINMENT ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 160
HERITAGE AND TOURISM ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 161
BASIS FOR PROJECT IDENTIFICATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 161
PROJECTS FOR SYSTEM AND INFRASTRUCTURE AUGMENTATION --------------------------------------------------- 162
PROJECTS FOR SYSTEM AND INFRASTRUCTURE REFURBISHMENT --------------------------------------------------- 163
OTHER DEVELOPMENT PROJECT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 163
SECTOR WISE PROJECT IDENTIFICATION AND COSTING -------------------------------------------------------------- 164
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 164
URBAN POOR ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 167
SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 167
TOURISM ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 168
OTHER COMPONENTS-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 169
URBAN REFORMS & CAPACITY BUILDING ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 169
SECTOR WISE TOTAL COST -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 170
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 170
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN FOR 2012- 2015 (PHASE I) --------------------------------------------------------------- 170
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN FOR 2016- 2020 (PHASE II)--------------------------------------------------------------- 172
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN FOR 2021- 2025 (PHASE III) -------------------------------------------------------------- 173
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN FOR 2026- 2030 (PHASE IV)-------------------------------------------------------------- 174
CITY INVESTMENT PLAN FOR 2031- 2035 (PHASE V) -------------------------------------------------------------- 175
FINANCING PLAN: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 175

11.

URBAN REFORMS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184

11.1
11.2
11.3

BACKGROUND ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184


OBJECTIVES OF REFORMS: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184
NEED FOR REFORM INITIATIVES---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9

STRUCTURE OF REFORMS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 185


MANDATORY REFORMS: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 185
OPTIONAL REFORMS (STATE AND ULB/PARA-STATAL LEVEL) -------------------------------------------------- 186
STATUS OF MANDATORY & OPTIONAL REFORMS: ------------------------------------------------------------------- 186
ISSUES ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 188
TOWN SPECIFIC STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLAN --------------------------------------------------------------------- 189

12.

TOWN VISION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 191

12.1
12.2
12.3

SUMMARY OF SECTORAL STRATEGIES: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 191


TOWN VISION: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 202
TOWN POSITIONING: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 202

ANNEXURES.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 205

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

List of Tables
Table 2-1: Study Area ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26
Table 3-1: Comparative Assessment of Urban Population ------------------------------------------------------------------ 30
Table 3-2: Population Growth Trends -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31
Table 3-3: Population Density Trends -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 31
Table 3-4: Demographics of the Town - Gurh ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32
Table 3-5: Projected Population Arithmetic Progression Method ------------------------------------------------------ 33
Table 3-6: Projected Population Geometrical Progression Method ---------------------------------------------------- 34
Table 3-7: Projected Population Incremental Increase Method --------------------------------------------------------- 34
Table 3-8: Comparative Assessment of Urban SC & ST Population ------------------------------------------------------- 35
Table 3-9: Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P. ------------------------------------------------------- 35
Table 3-10: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P. -------------------------------------- 36
Table 3-11: Comparative Assessment of Sex Ratio ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 37
Table 3-12: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of Sex Ratio Gurh, M.P. ------------------------------------------- 38
Table 4-1: Comparative Assessment of Household Size --------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
Table 4-2: Comparative Assessment of WFPR ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
Table 4-3: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of WFPR & Work Force Distribution ------------------------------- 42
Table 4-4: Comparative Assessment of Non-working Population --------------------------------------------------------- 42
Table 4-5: List of Important Industries in Rewa District and in its surrounding Districts---------------------------- 43
Table 4-6: List of Important Centers/Spots for Tourists in Town and in its Proximity -------------------------------- 45
Table 4-7: Proposed works, Costing and concerning Department -------------------------------------------------------- 47
Table 4-8: Proposed works, Costing and concerning Department -------------------------------------------------------- 48
Table 5-1: Ward Wise Distribution of Population Density as per 2011. -------------------------------------------------- 50
Table 5-2: Existing Landuse Distribution; 2011 Gurh------------------------------------------------------------------------ 51
Table 5-3: Comparative Assessment of Household Size --------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
Table 5-4: Ward Wise Present Housing Demand and Gap ------------------------------------------------------------------ 56
Table 6-1: Silent Feature of Water Supply System in Gurh ------------------------------------------------------------------ 62
Table 6-2: Projected Future demand Water Supply ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 64
Table 6-3: Present and Future Requirement/Demand and Gap Assessment Water Supply ---------------------- 65
Table 6-4: Performance Indicators Water Supply --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 65
Table 6-5: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years ------------------------------------------------------- 68
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Table 6-6: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps Sewerage System ----------------------------------------- 74
Table 6-7: Performance Indicators Sewerage System ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 75
Table 6-8: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years ------------------------------------------------------- 77
Table 6-9: Length of Drains in Town ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 84
Table 6-10: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps for Drainage System -------------------------------------- 86
Table 6-11: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years ----------------------------------------------------- 87
Table 6-12: Ward Wise Municipal Solid Waste Generation Gurh Town ----------------------------------------------- 89
Table 6-13: List of Vehicles and Equipments available with GNP for Solid Waste Collection & Transportation 90
Table 6-14: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps of Waste Collection Gurh Town --------------------- 91
Table 6-15: Performance Indicators Solid Waste Management --------------------------------------------------------- 91
Table 6-16: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years ----------------------------------------------------- 93
Table 6-17: Space Standards of Roads ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 101
Table 6-18: Desirable of Footpaths --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 101
Table 6-19: Goals & Services Outcomes for Different Horizon Years --------------------------------------------------- 102
Table 6-20: Present and Future Demand of Equipment (vehicles) and Man Power for Street Lighting and Fire
Fighting --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 105
Table 6-21: Performance Indicators Street Lighting ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 106
Table 6-22: Sources of Lighting at Household Level in Gurh -------------------------------------------------------------- 106
Table 6-23: Goals & Services Outcomes for Different Horizon Years --------------------------------------------------- 107
Table 6-24: Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate --------------------------------------------------------------------- 116
Table 6-25: Comparative Analysis with UDPFI Guidelines Social Infrastructure ----------------------------------- 118
Table 6-26: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps Social Infrastructure --------------------------------- 118
Table 6-27: List of Important Tourist/Destination Spots at Regional Level ------------------------------------------- 127
Table 7-1: Silent Feature of Water Supply System in Gurh ---------------------------------------------------------------- 134
Table 7-2: Projected Future demand Water Supply ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 136
Table 7-3: Present and Future Requirement/Demand and Gap Assessment Water Supply -------------------- 137
Table 7-4: Performance Indicators Water Supply ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 137
Table 7-5: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years ----------------------------------------------------- 139
Table 8-1: Power and Functions of Gurh Nagar Parishad ------------------------------------------------------------------ 144
Table 9-1- Year wise Expenditure of Gurh ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 152
Table 9-2-: Income and Expenditure Status of Gurh ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 154
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Table 10-1: Proposed work, Project cost and Implementing Agencies for Water Supply ------------------------- 164
Table 10-2: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Sewerage and Sanitation ------- 165
Table 10-3: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Solid Waste Management ------ 165
Table 10-4: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Storm Water Drainage ---------- 166
Table 10-5: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Traffic and Transportation ----- 166
Table 10-6: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 167
Table 10-7: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Urban Poor ------------------------- 167
Table 10-8: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Health Facilities ------------------- 167
Table 10-9: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Education Facilities --------------- 168
Table 10-10: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Tourism ---------------------------- 168
Table 10-11: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Other Development works --- 169
Table 10-12: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Urban Reforms and Capacity
Buildings ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 169
Table 10-13: Sector wise Proposed Project and their Cost ---------------------------------------------------------------- 170
Table 10-14: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase I) ------------------------------ 170
Table 10-15: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase II) ----------------------------- 172
Table 10-16: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase III) ----------------------------- 173
Table 10-17: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase IV) ---------------------------- 174
Table 10-18: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase V) ----------------------------- 175
Table 10-19: Overall financing plan of investment plans: ----------------------------------------------------------------- 180
Table 10-20: Revenue Collection from 2008-2035 at Normal Growth rate of 12% ------------------------------------- 1
Table 10-21: Revenue Collection from 2008-2035 at Performing Growth rate of 14% -------------------------------- 1

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List of Figures
Figure 1-1: Schematic Diagram for Methodology of City Development Plan Preparation ................................ 14
Figure 1-2: Specific Objectives of CDP ................................................................................................................ 15
Figure 1-3: Stage 1: Inception ............................................................................................................................. 17
Figure 1-4: Stage 2: Sector Assessment and City Profile .................................................................................... 18
Figure 1-5: Stage 3: City Vision and Development Objectives ........................................................................... 19
Figure 1-6: Stage 4: Draft CDP ............................................................................................................................ 20
Figure 4-1: Shops constructed and non-funtional near Bus stands ................................................................... 45
Figure 4-2: Commercial outlets along the road.................................................................................................. 45
Figure 6-1: Over Head Tank in ward 13 .............................................................................................................. 61
Figure 6-2: Municipal water supply .................................................................................................................... 61
Figure 6-3: A typical rapid sand filter water treatment with its components. The filter is contained within a
filter box, usually made of concrete. Inside the filter box are layers of filter media and gravel. ...................... 71
Figure 6-4 Main DEWATS modules for physical and biological wastewater treatment: ................................... 80
Figure 6-5 Use of the biogas genmerated from the DEWAT .............................................................................. 81
Figure 6-6: Pour flush single pit and twin pit toilet ............................................................................................ 82
Figure 6-7: Scematic diagram of septic tank ...................................................................................................... 83
Figure 6-8: Open and choked drain .................................................................................................................... 84
Figure 6-9: Bus Stand in Gurh ............................................................................................................................. 97
Figure 6-10 Katcha houses of urban poor ..............................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Figure 6-11 Community Health Centre in Gurh ................................................................................................ 115
Figure 6-12 Secondary School in gurh .............................................................................................................. 116
Figure 6-13 A view of the old Fort lying in dilapidated consition ..................................................................... 125
Figure 6-14 Toilet complex in the compond of the old Fort in Gurh......................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Figure 7-1 Over Head Tank in ward 13 ............................................................................................................. 133
Figure 7-2 Municipal water supply ................................................................................................................... 133
Figure 7-3 Handpump ....................................................................................................................................... 134
Figure 8-1: Institutional Setup Gurh Nagar Parishad ..................................................................................... 143
Figure 10-1: Involvement of Different Stakeholders in the Consultation Proccess Gurh ............................. 162

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List of Graphs
Graph 3.1: Population Gurh, M.P

28

Graph: 4-1 Workforce Distibution Gurh, M.P..............................................................................................

39

Graph 4.2: Gender Wise Work Force Distribution in Differrent Sectors of Economy.

39

Chart: 4-3 Gender Wise Dependency Ratio Gurh, M.P................................................................................

41

Graph: 5-1 Developed and Undeveloped Area in Gurh..................................................................................

50

Graph: 5-2 Landuse Distribution Developed Area..

50

Graph: 5-3 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Wall

52

Graph: 5-4 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Roof

53

Graph: 5-5 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Floor..

53

Graph: 5-6 Housing Ownership Status Gurh Nagar Parishad..

54

Graph: 6-1 Distribution of Houses by Sources of Water (as per Census 2001)..

61

Graph: 6 2 Distribution of Houses by Location..

61

Graph: 6-3 Distribution of Houses as per availability of toilets......................................................................

70

Graph: 6-4 Facility and Types of Latrines.......................................................................................................

71

Graph: 7-1 Distribution of Houses by Sources of Water (as per Census 2001)..............................................

128

Graph 9-1: Year wise Total Income, Gurh .....................................................................................................

142

Graph 9-2: Growths in Income, Gurh.............................................................................................................

142

Graph 9-3: Total Expenditure, Gurh...............................................................................................................

143

Graph 9-4: Incomes from Various Sources, Gurh..........................................................................................

144

Graph 9-5: Status of Municipal Finance, Gurh .

146

Graph 10-1: Financing Option- Water Supply................................................................................................

166

Graph 10-2: Financing Option- Sewerage & Sanitation.................................................................................

167

Graph 10-3: Financing Option- Solid Waste ..

167

Graph 10-4: Financing Option- Strom water Drainage..................................................................................

167

Graph 10-5: Financing Option-Traffic & Transportation...............................................................................

168

Graph 10-6: Financing Option: Street Lighting & Fire

168

Graph 10.7: Financing Option- Urban Poor Fighting.....................................................................................

168

Graph 10-8: Financing Option- Health facility...............................................................................................

169

Graph 10-9: Financing Option- Education Sector..........................................................................................

169

Graph 10-10: Financing Option- Tourism......................................................................................................

169

Graph 10-11: Financing Option- Other Components.....................................................................................

170

Graph 10-12: Financing Option- Urban Reforms & Capacity Building............................................................

170

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List of Maps
Map: 2-1 Location of Gurh ................................................................................................................................. 25
Map: 2-2 Regional Connectivity Gurh, M.P. .................................................................................................... 26
Map: 2-3 Study Area Gurh Nagar Parishad...................................................................................................... 27
Map: 3-1 Ward Wise Population Density Gurh, M.P. ...................................................................................... 33
Map: 3-2 Ward Wise Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P................................................................................................. 36
Map: 3-3 Ward Wise Sex Ratio Gurh, M.P....................................................................................................... 37
Map: 4-1 Major Markets/Commercial and Wholesale Trading Areas of the Town ........................................... 44
Map: 4-2 Tourism in and Around Gurh Town.................................................................................................... 46
Map: 5-1 Urban Growth Scenario Gurh, M.P. ................................................................................................. 51
Map: 5-2 Existing Landuse Map; 2011 Gurh Nagar Parishad .......................................................................... 53
Map: 6-1 Existing and Proposed Water Supply Lines - Gurh .............................................................................. 64
Map: 6-2 Existing and Proposed Drainage Map - Gurh ...................................................................................... 85
Map: 6-3 Road Network of Gurh Town .............................................................................................................. 99
Map: 6-4 Existing and Proposed Social Infrastructure Map of Gurh ................................................................ 117
Map: 6-5 Tourism in and around Gurh Town ................................................................................................... 127
Map: 6-6 Regional Tourism Destination around Gurh Town ........................................................................... 129
Map: 7-1 Water Supply Lines - Gurh ................................................................................................................ 136

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Executive Summary
Introduction
Government of India (GoI) and Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) have made several initiatives
through various programmes to meet the growing demands of infrastructure and service delivery.
Subsequently, the GoI and GoMP executed various program such as City Development (a) Urban
Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) (b) Integrated Housing
and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP) (c) the GoMP initiated DFID funded MPUSP which links
reform with investment in infrastructure for the poor, etc. Other than this, there are several
programmes that have been initiated by the GoI and GoMP.
This is the Phase-II assignment of GoMP where they are preparing City Development plans (CDP) for 258
towns. In the phase-I stage they already done CDPs for 258 towns. In this Phase DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd
did CDPs for 7 towns out of the 258 towns.
Based on this programme, GoMP launched Mukhyamantri Sahari Adhusanrachna Bikas Yojana, which is
going to be, funded all the projects proposed in the CDPs to the respective ULB.
Objectives and scope of the Assignment
The objective of the assignment is to prepare a City Development plan (CDP) with the vision of a desired
future perspective for the city and formulate a strategic framework and interventions through sectoral
plans translated into actions that define on how the ULB, together with other stakeholders, intends to
work towards achieving their long-term vision in the next five years. The above foremost objective is to
achieve and translate into developmental outputs in the form of projects, programme and
implementation process which intend to cover the following:
The CDP will scale up existing urban development and poverty alleviation schemes within a
comprehensive and coherent strategic planning framework in order to ensure optimal benefit
from available resources for the citizens of the Urban Local Body.
The CDP should aim to catalyze new thinking and provoke debate through a consultative
stakeholder driven process and vision.
Strategic thrusts of the CDP will be built around the lessons and findings of a comprehensive and
rigorous stakeholder consultation and documentation process.
It is expected that the CDP will serve the requirements of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP programmes
as well as JNNURM and other development schemes.
The CDP will generate specific priority actions and projects that can be the basis for mobilizing
funding from diverse sources.
The scope of work include: (a) Inception Report covering Current status, systems and procedures,
reconnaissance and kick off workshop, b) Sector Analysis Report on the economic opportunity and
potential for local/regional economic development with special reference to the poor, transport study
with emphasis on low cost public transport and livelihoods, heritage conservation and tourism,
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environmental sustainability, access to housing, employment and social and environmental services by
the poor, health and education services gap in the town, sectoral issues addressed under the Master
Plan. C) City Profile covering assessment of the existing situation in all the sectors identified, emerging
issues, SWOT analysis and projection of the present gaps and future requirements. This will be done
within the framework of parameters relating to demography, economic base, finance, physical and
environmental issues, infrastructure, institutions and universalisation of services especially for the poor,
d) Evolving City Objectives and formulate sectoral strategies based on the stakeholders consultation f)
Development strategy and Action Plan g) Evaluation of Sectoral vision and Action Plan in consultation
with the stakeholders h) Analysis of Governance Framework & Reform Action Plans, i) Preparation of a
City Investment Plan (CIP) and a Financing Strategy (Financial Operating Plan):
The Draft Final Report provided (a) Introduction including scope of work, methodology adopted and
consultation process of Stakeholders in project identification process b) Physical feature of the town
contains location, physiographic and landform, municipal area and planning area c) Demographic profile
including population projection along with other demographic indicators d) Socio - Economic profile of
the town including sex ratio, literacy, WFPR, industrial activities, trade and commerce, tourism and
issues, e) Physical planning and Growth management including spatial distribution, growth trends,
municipal wards, status of housing and demand, study of Master Plan provisions, future growth
possibilities f) status of Infrastructure including water supply, Sewerage and Sanitation, Solid waste
management, Drainage and flooding, Traffic and transportation, Street lighting and Fire fighting, BPL
population and Slum population, Social Infrastructure, status of Environment, tourism and Heritage
conservation g) Existing Institutional framework h) current status of municipal accounting system and
financial management system, Investment Plan and Financing Strategies for revenue account, income,
capital expenditure, key issues i) Investment Prioritization plan including sector wise project
identification and costing, Investment plan and financial plan, j) Urban Reforms, strategy and action
plan k) City Vision.
Physical Features of the Town
Gurh is a small town in the southern part of district of Rewa in Madhya Pradesh. It is located at a 25 km
distance from the Main City Rewa. It is located 520 km distance from its State Main City Bhopal. Gurh
has a good connectivity with the adjoining areas. The town covers an area of 8.50 Sq. Kms. which
accommodates a population of 14,590 (2011 Census). The town consists of 15 wards. Most of the
population is concentrated along the national highway 75 which passes from the southern part of the
town. The terrain of the region is typified as plain to gently sloping towards north. The medium deep
black soil is intensively cultivated and is highly productive. Gurh is located at the altitude of 450m above
the mean sea level. The climate of the area is relatively moderate. During the winter season the
temperature falls down to as low as 6 degree Celsius. In summer, temperature rises to 42 degree during
the month of May and June. The average rainfall varies between 95cm to 105cm. During monsoon
months the relative humidity remains more than 65% normally. The month of October witnesses the
transition from monsoon to winter
Demographic profile of the town
As per, the census 2011, the population of Gurh town was 14590 persons. The town has witnessed a
steady decrease in the growth rates in population since 1981 to 2011. The reduced growth rates in
population can be attributed to the slowdown in the local economy, lack of infrastructure and
employment in the town. The maximum decadal growth of the town was recorded 1981-91 at 41%
which has declined to around 19% in 2001-2011 decade. As per the Census 2011, the gross population
density in Gurh was 17.50 persons per ha, which has increased from 13 PPH in 1991. Ward number 4,
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6,8,9,10,11 have maximum concentration of people while other wards have mostly vacant agricultural
land.
Population projection.
The design population for the next 25 years have been forecasted for Gurh. Decadal Growth trends and
the guidelines detailed out in CPHEEO Manual have also been considered. Thus the population has been
taken as calculated by Incremental increase method which is much close to being realistic. It is
estimated to 20292 populations by the end of the year 2035.
Socio - Economic profile of the town
To assess the socio-economic profile of the project cities, understand the profile of the residents, their
access to services and their priorities for improvement of the existing infrastructure etc, a diagnostic
study is required to be carried out.

As of 2011 the sex - ratio of Gurh was 910 females/1000males which is much less than average of
Madhya Pradesh (920) and India (933)

As of 2011 the Literacy rate in Gurh was 69.02 per cent (male literacy rate of 76.53 per cent and
female literacy rate of 60.77 per cent) which seem to be much lower than the national average for
urban India for the year 2001.

The total number of Household is 2112 as per the 2001 census. The average household size in Gurh
works out to be 5.89, which is almost at par with the average household size of the state.

As per 2001 census, the Gurh Nagar Parishad has low Work Force Participation Rate (WFPR), WFPR
is recorded at 42.64% indicating high dependency ratio, while the National Urban average accounts
for 32.25%.

Industrial Growth Pattern and Potential


The Gurh town has no major industries within its vicinity; however there are industrial units within the
Rewa District and in surrounding districts which provides direct and indirect employment to resident of
the town apart from Small Scale Household Industries within town.
Trade and commerce
The town is a major centre for the wholesale trade for the nearby villages, as much as 70% of the
working population is involved in the tertiary sector. Gurh town has small scale markets like krishi upaj
mandi and chauhata bazaar for the local requirement. The economy of the city is predominantly agobased and with production based in the surrounding hinterland. Town doesnt have any grain market;
hence people have to go in another town to sell their produce. Most of the commercial activities are
centrally located along the highway. The products sold in the informal markets are vegetables, fruits,
cloths, and garments, hardware and grocery items. The overall economy of the town is highly localised
economy. The economy is confined to only low economic activities of the hinterland which is primarily
agrarian.

Physical planning and Growth management

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The total area of Gurh Nagar Parishad is about 850 Ha, with a population of about 14590 as per 2011
Census. Out of the total area, the town has approximately 18% developed area and 82% undeveloped
area or agricultural land. The spatial growth pattern suggests that the town is predominantly developing
along the NH-75. in the form of ribbon development. Gurh Bazar is the major commercial area in the
town where all major commercial and trade related activities are concentrated. These areas have high
density with mixed land use of residential and commercial development. Consequently, any new
development impending in the city heed directly to the existing commercial centers to achieve
maximum economies of scale. The impact is vivid in the existing spatial development. As far as,
distribution of population within the town is concerned, the ward nos. 4, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 11 have the
maximum concentration of population as per Census 2011. As far as population density is concerned,
the core and old areas of the town including some outer areas are densely populated.
Housing: As stated before there is a higher population density along road in the centre of the town.
Outer parts of the towns are sparsely populated relative to the inner town. In the town out of the total
number of houses more than 25.5% are permanent in nature, 74% accounts for semi-permanent and a
miniscule percentage are temporary houses. As much as 60% of the houses are made of mud or
unburned bricks with most of the houses using indigenous locally available materials for construction of
houses. Based on the current rate of generation of housing stock and the growth in the number of
household it is evident that right now there is a shortage of around 180 dwelling units.
Futures steps towards ensuring sustainable growth of the town are proper land utilization and check the
growth of unauthorized developments. The past trend of development shows growth along the major
road due to the presence of suitable land mainly along the transportation lines i.e. NH 75 leading up to
the rivers in the north. Since the town is semi-urban in nature, there is abundance of agricultural land
near by the existing development in all directions. The growth potential is also along the other major
transportation line, but the development is quite slow, and unregulated.
Infrastructure
a) Water Supply
The water supply system in Gurh Nagar Parishad is predominantly depending on Renuka and Bichhiya
River and to some extent on ground water. To meet the present demand of water for town, water is
being supplied from dug well through pumps of different capacity installed at nearby Bichhiya and
Renuka River. The quality of water drawn is fairly good. The city encounters bit water shortage during
summers when the Renuka and Bichhiya Rivers dry up. The present water distribution system includes
water pipelines. There are 2 Over Head Tanks (OHT) in Gurh with 3.25 lakh litre and 1.25 lakh litre
capacity. Both are in good working condition. 1 hour daily water is supplied in the connected wards no 3
and 13. Number of connections is 100. There are around 23 open wells. And there are around 160 hand
pumps in the town. These together provides for the total water needs of the Town. The ward no. 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have working water supply network. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont have any
water supply network. The per capita supply is estimated under the existing supply system which is very
low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd.
b) Sewerage and Sanitation
There is no underground sewerage system existing in the city as on date. Sewerage and sanitation
condition in the town is poor. Every community produces both liquid and solid waste. The liquid
portion of wastewater is essentially the water supply of the community after it has been fouled by a
variety of uses. The sewage from households and other commercial establishments flows along with
storm water in common open drains, which is mainly governed by the topography and direction of slope
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in town. Taking 80% of the present water supply as sewage, the current sewerage generation for town is
approximately 1.57 MLD. The sewage disposal system in the town is mainly consisting of individual
disposal system that includes water closet, soak pits or pit type latrines, open drains. But since the
economic conditions in the town is poor and many residents cannot afford such facilities so they resort
to open defecation. This is a cause of concern as there is a possibility of underground or well water
contamination. Regarding these public toilets are very much required in the wards 1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13,
14 and 15 where the open defecation is most problematic. The sewerage system in town needs to
develop with 60% sewer network coverage to households by the year 2015 and 100% by 2025, for this
comprehensive steps like establishment of treatment facilities, extension of network etc are required at
various levels, these steps are identified in the following report.
c) Solid waste management
The solid waste management in the town is done by the Nagar Parishad. They have one tractor and two
trolleys for the collection and transportation of the solid waste. The Nagar Parishad has a dumping
ground of two acre area. The average total generation of the solid waste is around one ton. The average
solid waste generation in the town is low i.e., 204.13 grams per capita per day, which is relatively less
than the standards considered in CPHEEO Manual for small towns of 250 gm per capita per day. This is
because of town basic character which is in transitional phase of rural to semi-urban. Seven containers
and dustbins provided in the town. The future strategy for solid waste management in the town must be
covering the whole part of the town including the present as well as the future developments. A waste
treatment facility should be established in the vicinity of the town in order to treat around 3 MT of
waste per day.
d) Drainage and flood Protection
Drainage network of the city forms an important part of sewerage storm water and domestic waste
water. Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from an area. At
present the town does not have a comprehensive and effective drainage system and facility of
treatment plant. The drainage condition survey in the town indicates that the drainage network in Gurh
is open and unorganized. Most of the drains do not have capacity to flow the waste water as they are
damaged and remain chocked due to presence of gray matter and disposal of solid waste in it. This leads
to un-channelized flow during the rainy season. Around 60% of the existing drains are in bad shape and
need immediate planning and management intervention. There is around 7.8km of drains in the town.
In ward 3 and 12, the waste water from adjoining area spilled over the road and creates unhygienic
conditions. The situation was further aggravated in town due to lack of sewerage system resulting in
sewage flow in the storm water drains which finally get discharged into the River Renuka and Bichhiya. It
is required that the water is treated before being discharged into these water bodies in order to avoid
their qualitative degradation.
e) Traffic and transportation:
Gurh is well connected by road and railways. The link between transportation and the development of
Gurh town was strong and interesting. It is because the Gurh, a class - IV town with a population of about
14590 as per the Census 2011 town was predominantly developed at a strategic location at an
important linkage route, National Highway 75 passes through the town which connects the town to
Rewa in the west. It goes through the southern part of the town. The predominant mode of travel in
town is cycles followed by motorized vehicles such as two wheeler (Scooter & Motorcycle) and private
transport which includes Three Wheelers , four wheelers (Tempo, Jeeps, cars etc.). Towns in semi-urban
and not too big in nature all the important place are in vicinity. Thus, only major working population
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uses their own means of transport such as cycles, scooters, motorcycle, and cars etc. for their workplace
and other places for day to day needs and rest of the people prefer to walk to their destination. Proper
road width and spacing are important in reducing traffic on roads. Unfortunately many of the important
roads in town have become so narrow to facilitate the increasing flow of vehicles. The unauthorized
encroachment along both the sides of roads has covered all the available shoulders thereby reducing
ROW from 20m to 6m further decreased the carrying capacity of roads. In the coming years the ribbon
development, growing number of vehicles and maintenance and modification of Proper cross-sectional
elements of the roads will be the key areas of concern.
Public Transportation System
The local public transport modes are cycle rickshaw, tempo, auto and mini busses and hired cars and
jeeps. The tempo and jeeps are the major mode of public transport in inter-city movement. The traffic
system is regulated under the Rewa District Office of Madhya Pradesh Transport Department. There is
only a few inter-city bus services and there is no other mode of public transport in the town. There is no
significant intra-town public transport option.
f) Fire service
As has been explained earlier, unorganized on-street parking and economic activities in town has led to
increase congestion, rampant encroachment and more importantly development of potential fire
generating points in the core area of the town. Fire fighting services is available in the town but there is
no separate office for the fire fighting operations. Therefore, the responsibility of fire service has been
delegated to the municipality, among other tasks.
g) Street lighting
There are about 242 street light poles in the town and around 210 have CFL and 32 have incandescent
bulb. There will be a requirement of 218 more electric light by 2035. Street light has been provided in all
wards. There are some outer wards like ward 14 and 15 where the number of street light is small and
some stretches of the road have no street light in those outer wards which are more rural in nature. The
street lights can be integrated with the heritage structures to in order to increase their beauty. In order
to improve the quality of street lighting and to reduce high O&M cost, use of modern power saving
technology should be encouraged.
h) Social Infrastructure

Health facilities

Presently, there is one 30 bed Community Health Centre (CHC) and no Primary Health Centres (PHC)
is available in the town. .Two ambulance is available in the town 24 hour for Janani Suraksha Yojna. One
Ayurvedic hospital is also in working condition. One veterinary hospital is also provided by government.
Apparently, the existing health systems seem to be adequate to meet the local requirements of existing
population. However, the demand for health services is bound to increase along with growth in
population and there is a need for creating a specialty hospital for the growing population. Looking at
the development of Gurh and its future growth prospects, it is important to initiate and strengthen the
health facility services for municipal body itself to provide the effective health services to the citizens of
the town.

Educational facilities

Gurh has an average literacy rate of 69.88%, higher than the national average of 65%: male literacy is
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75.97%, and female literacy is 63.17%. There are many schools located in the town. The town has 1
higher secondary, 1 secondary and 3 primary schools in Gurh town. There are also three Anganwadi
Kendra in the town. There are also many students who have to commute daily to the Rewa town for
higher education. There are also a few slums in the town which does not have any school. As part of the
development work the GNP has to ensure that the backward sections of the society receive basic
education so that the community can be uplifted as a whole.
Environment
At regional level, the region is rich of valuable minerals, forests and wild animals. As per the existing land
use 2011 the town has plenty of agricultural land but does not have any designated and organized
green space or open spaces for the citizens of town. Presently there is no planned water front
development for the water bodies nearby. Even though there are no major industries in the town,
environment has to be monitored and protected. Right now there is no such program but it should be
taken up in the near future. To attract the potential tourists to Gurh, different water front activities like
boating, landscape along the riverside should be developed. The water pollution is major concern
present day in Gurh. Due to the discharge of drains and poor solid waste management, the water might
get polluted. Also increase in the number of vehicles in the city causes different environmental
problems. Gurh required an integrated development process, which has to be inexpensive, functionally
utilitarian, environmentally healthy, recreationally adequate and aesthetically appealing.
Heritage Conservation and Tourism potential of the town
At town level, Gurh has few tourist destinations. Kashtaharnath Temple and the old fort are notable
among them. The old fort built by Jayant Rao is lying in dilapidated condition due to the negligence of
the archaeological and tourism department of the state. River front development of Bhichhiya and
Bihiya and ponds) can be developed as recreational area for town and also as a major eco-tourism site
for the locals. Baba Bhairao temple is situated at a distance of 5km from the town and the place has
good potential for tourism as the area has good scenic beauty. The town has not been able to capitalize
its potential in this sector because of lack of awareness among people and bureaucrats, and lacks
sufficient and efficient modes of transportation, infrastructure services such as building lights, public
drinking water, public toilets, eating places etc. that can hold the tourist. In order to address the tourism
scenario the subject has to be addressed at regional level, such interventions has been suggested in the
report in the form of developing a tourist circuit in and around the region.
Existing Institutional framework for Development
The Elected council function is on the model of chairperson/ president-in-council system. It consists of
15 councillors representing 15 wards of GNP. Under democratic set-up, the chairperson/president is the
head of GNP. The chairperson is elected by the councillors. On the executive side, the Chief Municipal
Officer (CMO) assists the chairperson. The CMO heads the administrative wing of GNP. There are 2
sections in the GNP namely, accounts and engineering. The main activities are providing civic services,
collection of levies local taxes levy of property tax, assessment of property tax/fees, collection, birth and
death certificate, cleaning, solid waste management, street lighting, minor works and so forth. The
municipality is primarily funded by local grants. The Town and Country Planning Department and MP
Housing Board are other line departments which are involved in providing the city services. But the
main drawback among these organisation is the lack of inter departmental coordination, introduction of
computerisation in the work etc.
Investment Plan and Financing Strategies
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a) Revenue
The revenue account comprises two components - revenue income and revenue expenditure. Revenue
income comprises internal resources and external sources of income of Gurh. Internal sources of
income, also referred to as own sources of income, comprise tax and non-tax items. The external
resources come in the form of shared taxes/ transfers and revenue grants from the State and Central
Governments and loans from the Financial Institutions. Revenue expenditure comprises expenditures
incurred on salaries, operation & maintenance cost, contribution & donations and debt servicing.
i)

Income

As per the Budget, the contribution of Municipal Taxes and grants was around 37.91 Lakhs and Rs.
87.59 Lakhs for the year 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively. For the same year, the third contributor is
income from non taxes sources which has a contributing of Rs.146.4 Lakhs and 155.34 Lakhs in the
FY2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively.
Revenue expenditure
The actual income statements suggest a close-to-constant total expenditure between 2006-07 and
2010-11. However the budgeted figures are high. The actual of expenditure (not the budget) from FY
2006-07 to FY 2010-11 shows that the average total expenditure for these 5 years had been quite
low, never-the-less making a savings. This shows that the buffer margin creation from own sources of
income had been good. However, in a sharp contrast with the actual, the budgeted figures of
expenditure are quite high as compared to the earlier expenditure magnitude. In the FY 2009-10,
total expenditure was less as compare to the previous year but in FY2010-11 total expenditure of
Gurh Nagar Parishad increases very high.
ii)

Capital Account and Income

The capital account comprises capital income and capital expenditure. Capital income consists of income
earned by the council from loans raised, transfers from revenue surplus and utilization of funds from
sinking funds and grants received for undertaking capital works. The current income of Gurh is clearly
increasing every year, the income from non tax sources such as rent from municipal properties and fee
charged for various services. The net capita for the financial year 2010-11 was around 2.4 crores rupees.
iv) Savings / Over-Expenditure: Trend Analysis
There was no net savings for the GNP for the financial year 2008-09 and 2009-10, moreover there was a
loss. But after that the financial condition has improved steadily and at the end of the year 2010-11 the
net saving increased to be about 28 lakh rupees. Since the Gurh region is quite underdeveloped the
surplus income should be spent on the general welfare, maintaining a comfortable margin of surplus for
emergency situations. Gurh Nagar Parishad is in a comfortable position to invest its additional resources
for the suggested upcoming projects.
Investment Prioritization plan
Project identification
Based on the stakeholder consultation meet, the prioritization of projects was done so that the views,
aspirations and felt needs of the local officials, residents, experts, NGOs, elected representatives and
others are given due cognizance. The sectoral priority to the projects is assigned on the basis of various
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consultations and discussions held with the government departments involved in the implementation of
CDP. It also takes into account the aspirations of the residents of Gurh expressed in a workshop,
informal discussions and meetings held for the purpose. By the year 2035 the investment of around
6326 lakh rupees will be required in various identified projects.
Investment plan
The projects are to be implemented over the plan period of twenty five years as per following
implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing the projects and the
priority decided for the same. It will be done in 5 phases
Phase I (2012-2015)
Phase II (2016-2020)
Phase III (2021-2025)
Phase IV (2026-2030)
Phase V (2031-2035)
In the overall finance plan the investment share of central government will be around 19 crores which
will be around 30% of the overall expenditure, the share of state government will be around 25.30
crores which will be about 40% of the overall share the municipal body will contribute around 12.65
crores or 20% of the share while the private sector will contribute around 6.32 crores or 10% of the
share.
Urban Reforms
In terms of compliance to the 74th Constitution Amendment Act of 1992, the Gurh Municipal Council is
yet to be complied. Devolution of function is incomplete. There is no system of e-governance in the
council. It is recommended that the Govt. of MP has to fully implement the 74th CAA in letter and spirit
by complete devolution of all functions and powers, state level reforms, Migration to double entry
accrual based accounting system and develop customize software for double entry system, involvement
of Private Sector Participation. Indeed, a well framed coordinate system shall be evolved between Nagar
Nigam and para-statals for better management. Other than these reforms provision of basic services to
urban poor including security of tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply, sanitation
and ensuring delivery of other already existing universal services of the government for education,
health and social security, have to be implemented as part of the urban reform process.
City Vision
To develop an inclusive city which is economically vibrant, ecologically sustainable and environmentally
pleasing; a city which will meet the aspirations of the local resident as well as the tourist alike and is
manageable. Quality and quantity should be ensured as per the standards for the future population in
order to develop the city future and improve the quality of life. To make Gurh city a slum free city. For
proper monitoring, management and resource mobilisation it is necessary to equipped GNP with the
latest technologies and skilled workers.

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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

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1.
1.1

INTRODUCTION
Background

Madhya Pradesh, a centrally located state of India, with the boom in population reaching a limit of
7,25,97,565*(according to provisional population counts totals) in 2011. As the states population is
alarmingly increasing and there are constraints in the technical, financial and natural resources. So, in
order to meet the requirements of the urban local bodies of the state Government of India and the
Government of Madhya Pradesh has launched a number programmes in this regard to meet the
demands of infrastructure and service delivery. They are Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for
Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme
(IHSDP) of the Government of India (GOI) which links reform with investment in infrastructure for the
poor residing in the state.
Now Urban Local Bodies are handling the major urban related tasks and issues after the enactment of
the 74th Constitution Amendment Act. The Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) through its Urban
Administration & Development Department (UADD) has held the responsibility of undertaking urban
sector reforms, in terms of capital investment in basic infrastructure for the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
The implementation responsibility of various public welfare schemes sponsored by the Central and State
Governments is also in the hands of UADD. So keeping this aim in mind UADD has undertook
preparation of Town Development Plan (CDP). So, it is expected that the CDP will serve the
requirements of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP programmes as well as JNNURM and other development
schemes initiated to achieve the demands of infrastructure and service delivery.
In this direction, to support various Cities/Urban Local Bodies of Madhya Pradesh is the sole aim of this
exercise to prepare the Town Development Plan (CDP) for them. The CDP should come up with a
medium term strategy the ULB with a vision upto 2035 under which a City Investment Plan (CIP) will be
laid out. Based on which ULB would be able to access the funds from Madhya Pradesh Government,
Central Government or other sources for the projects to carry out on a priority level. And a Financial
Operation Plan (FOP) will also be incorporated in the CDP to guide the ULB for mobilization of various
financial resources to implement the projects identified.

1.2

Concept and Principle of City Development Plan

A CDP is a document which envisions the future development of the town in a planned manner by
following a process of planning which builds and improves the partnership of stakeholder groups
between line agencies within local bodies. It incorporates the participation of stakeholders like Trade
bodies, Citizen Forum, Professionals, Journalists and Slum dwellers and informal business entities, which
is evident for setting the direction of development in future coming years.
This is for the equitable spatial distribution of resources; increase in efficiency in the service delivery
mechanisms and in order to meet the infrastructural demands based on futuristic requirements is the
real motive of consultative approach based CDP preparation. Consultation with the stakeholder and
public participation will enable the consultants to understand the real problems encountered by the
town dwellers. Through this process management of assets of the town can be ensured in a better way,
improving services delivery towards urban poor and will provide good governance. It also encourages
the people to think about the development of their town thereby defining the development strategies.
This will give an impetus to the economic growth and poverty reduction.
There are ways and means to undertake a consultative process in a given situation in a town/town.
Therefore, DMG Consulting (P) Ltd. has undertaken discussions in a cluster of wards at a centrally
located destination so that public views are documented in a structured manner with a targeted
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audience. This has brought two aspects into the notice of consultant one is divergent views from the
public and the other is spatial disparity in terms of municipal services delivery.
The consultant has undertaken the process of consultation with groups like urban poor, women, senior
citizens, traders etc. These groups bring their needs and aspirations. Such issues are reviewed by the
CDP Consultant team before incorporating and mainstreaming the issues in CDP preparation. This
approach will strengthen inclusive planning process and will be biased towards urban poor, gender
mainstreaming issues.
The essence of planning is efficient use of public resources and demand driven services delivery
approach. It establishes a logical and consistent framework for evaluation of investment decisions. The
DMG Consulting (P) Ltd. access, analyze and presents the current stage of the towns development and
sets out the directions of change. It also identifies the thrust areas based on vision of common man
and marketing the town economy for developing a sustainable town development plan, suggests
alternative strategies and interventions for bringing about the change and also provides a framework of
projects which need to be identified and implemented on priority basis.
The principle of CDP is to develop a sustainable town with quality life & infrastructure stock, improved
economic environment and competitiveness of Nagar Parishad Gurh in terms of areas of industry &
services sector with efficient and transparent town management.
The preparation of CDP will present both a vision of a desired future perspective for the city and the
ULBs strategic framework and investment interventions for the identified sectors, which intends to
work towards achieving their long-term vision in the next twenty five years.

1.3

Objective of the Assignment

The following objectives have been framed to achieve the goal of Town Development Plan:

1.4

Identification of the challenges which town is facing presently.

Developing a vision and perspective for the town for the growth.

To improve and strengthen the municipal services including their delivery and management
system and making them self-sustaining.

Sole key of concern on the on the development of social and economic infrastructure.

Issues related to the Urban poor and slum dwellers and specifically addressing the programmes
and polices targeting them.

It is expected that the CDP will serve the requirements of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP programmes as
well as JNNURM and other development schemes.

To assist the State government to undertake urban sector reforms, which will facilitate flow of
investments into town based infrastructure.

To strengthen the municipal governments their financial management and accounting processes,
thereby promoting transparency in their functioning etc.

Understanding of Terms of Reference Vis a Vis Methodology of the Study

The understanding of terms of reference under Town Development Plan refers to broad contours of the
assignment which includes existing infrastructure status including supply and demand gap assessment,
key issues and concerns of town development, major economic drivers & opportunities, town vision and
positioning of the town, identifying key projects to achieve the town vision and aspiration of town
citizens, preparing town investment plans and phasing of implementation. Implementation framework
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including capacity building and reforms to be undertaken to achieve the town development goals and
vision as envisaged.
The methodology will document and bring a stepwise process and sequential arrangement of tasks and
activities. These activities will have a set of process to follow and guidelines to adhere so that the broad
contours and goals of the study are achieved. In other words, methodology is a means & tools to
achieve the targeted goals/objectives under the proposed study. The understanding of Terms of
reference is crucial to derive and plan a proper methodology to achieve broad objectives and goals of
the study. Therefore the Terms of Reference (ToR) and methodology are complementary and mutually
inclusive in nature.

1.5

Approach and Methodology for Preparation of CDP

The CDP preparation is both a perspective and a vision for the future development of a town captured
through a consultative process. It presents the current stage of the towns development where we
stand now? It sets out the directions of change where do we want to go? It identifies the thrust areas - what do we need to address on a priority basis? It also suggests alternative routes, strategies, and
interventions for bringing about the change what interventions do we make in order to attain the
vision? It provides a framework and vision within which projects need to be identified and implemented.
It establishes a logical and consistent framework for the evaluation of investment decisions.
The CDP clearly defines how the Nagar Parishad Gurh will serve its citizens, for example how it intends
to guarantee a basic level of urban services to all citizens, make urban planning responsive to emerging
needs, and become responsive to the needs of and improve its services to local businesses.
The CDP also explains how Nagar Parishad Gurh will run its business, e.g. how it intends to manage
public finance in a modern and transparent way, execute urban planning and governance in line with an
established framework, become more responsive and cost and time efficient by integrating technology
in its governance and service delivery processes.
Finally, the CDP lays down Nagar Parishad Gurhs strategy to manage its resources, for example using
performance indicators-physical, financial and institutional i.e. it details out the Parishads intensions to
increase revenues and expand its tax base to allow for self-sustaining urban service delivery, improve its
creditworthiness and recruit and retain a skilled workforce. This will involve capacity building and
includes Training Needs Assessment (TNA), job holders analysis i.e. who has to do what? Business Plan
Preparation for monitoring implementation will include performance indicators development Physical,
Financial and Institutional.
The process of CDP preparation has been initiated with a Kick Off workshop which reveals the process,
purpose and outcomes including steps of CDP preparation, a public consultation, focused group
meetings with concerned stakeholders and one to one meetings with Nagar Parishad, departmental
heads, line departments of district administration, elected representatives viz. MP/MLA and business including trade bodies and professionals. This has formed basis of all stages of CDP from vision
statement, goals and issues identification, strategy for development, preparation of priority matrix for
project identification, sequential phasing of projects including town investment plan preparation and
long term perspective plan upto year 2035.
The diagnostic exercise, inception, town profile and sector analysis includes detailed assessment of the
existing situation of the town. The purpose of this analysis will be to make a realistic assessment of
where the town is, the direction in which it has been moving and its strengths and weaknesses. It covers
the towns demographic, economic, financial, infrastructural (service delivery), physical and
environment profile. It also considers the towns institutional framework, innovation in management if
any and e-governance initiatives underway and status of e-readiness of Nagar Parishad Gurh.
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Figure 1.1: Schematic Diagram for Methodology of City Development Plan Preparation

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The overall objective of the consultation process will be to get the viewpoints of the stakeholders in the
identification of issues as well as vision formulation. Specific objectives are:

To involve local residents in the CDP process

To enable stakeholders to express their views about


existing problems and proposals

To create a shared flow of information

To enable local ownership of the city development plan


Figure 1.2: Specific Objectives of CDP

1.6

Scope of Work

DMG consulting Pvt. Ltd. will carry out a multi-stage exercise to formulate the CDP in close collaboration
with the ULB.

Stage 1: Inception
The purpose of this stage is to review and analyse the current status and unique features of the city with
regard to the state of its development, systems and procedures, as equally its institutional and financial
context. The main activities involve introduction of CDP concept, purpose and outcome to public
representatives like MP, MLA, President, Ward Councilors, citizens forming the city, along with Chief
Municipal Officer - Heads of Nagar Parishad Gurh, Departmental Heads and other projects personnel
involved. Task involves familiarity visit to city and review of its growth pattern, identification of growth
corridors, collection and collation of information and data from Nagar Parishad and other line
Departments/Agencies/Organizations, reviewing and analyzing the current status and unique features of
the city with regard to the state of its development, systems and procedures, as equally its institutional
and financial context. This stage will identify the strengths, weaknesses and opportunities in the city for
its development and will provide an understanding of what hampers the service delivery and
management within the existing set-up and how can be better off to contribute efficient and selfsustaining service provision. This stage involves the following activities.
The assignment commenced with the preliminary meeting with the officials of the Nagar Parishad Gurh
to understand their requirements from this assignment. Following activities were undertaken.

The Major Activities during Inception State were as follows:

Reconnaissance

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The CDP consultant has conducted introductory meetings with the President, Chief Municipal Officer,
Head of Departments, Councilors, representatives of ongoing urban programmes, etc. to understand the
dynamics and divergent views about the city and to gather the secondary information such as Expansion of the city viz. city boundary including land-use or base map for the Nagar Parishad Gurh,
demographic profile of the city including data on slums/urban poors, Socio-economic profile, ULBs
status in terms of its functions, strength and composition of various department, ULBs annual budget
reports, ULBs budget allocations/proposal for coming financial years, other ongoing projects under past
and current urban development programmes , reports giving status of service delivery, relevant
documents on heritage listing and government policy documents etc.
CDP Consultant has also identified and had interactions with the various other line departments,
institutions, organization and key stakeholders such as PHED, Town and Country Planning Department,
local resident of various social groups, local NGOs, CBOs etc. that has role and responsibilities in city
planning with reference to development, delivery and maintenance of urban basic service to the citys
population and detailed secondary data on the urban infrastructure and services viz. Drinking Water
Supply, Drainage & Sewerage, Sanitation, Solid Waste Management, Roads, street lighting etc. and
collected secondary data.
A field reconnaissance has been done with regards to up gradation of base map and various
characteristics of the town such as growth corridors, growth patterns, major physical constraints which
limit citys spatial growth, major land uses of city, exiting planning issues and challenges , housing
typology, development undertaken under public and private (builders) including self-construction, slum
growth and locations, major development potentials corridors, regulations, overview of urban basic
service - drinking water supply system, drainage & sewerage network, sanitation, solid waste
management, street lighting, traffic and transportation including- road networks system, pedestrian,
public transportation system, mode of transportation, business and economy, informal and urban hats,
major environmental hot spots, heritage & cultural landscape including monuments, management of
worships and public places management including parks and open spaces. Identification of major
economic and services sector drivers Vis a Vis thrust and potential sectors to identify for special papers
preparation under city development plan of Gurh.
At the same time with due consultation with President Nagar Parishad Gurh, Chief Municipal Officer
and other ULBs Official, consultant has accessed/determine the feasibility and composition of City Level
Steering Group (comprising of Citizen Forum) for the formulation of CDP.

Kick-off Workshop

The kickoff workshop is a formal entry level activity to begin the city development plan. The consultant
proposed to have one to one meetings with Mayor, head of Nagar Parishad and its heads of
departments to fix a date, time and venue for a one day kick-off workshop with the identified various
stakeholders to familiarize them with the purpose, process and expected outcomes of the CDP and build
enthusiasm, understanding and commitment to the CDP. A one day kick-off workshop with Nagar
Parishad, Gurhs support was organized to familiarize the stakeholders with the purpose, process, and
expected outcomes of the CDP, and build enthusiasm, understanding and commitment to the CDP.
The kick off workshop helped in deriving a consensus along with the stakeholders firming the process
and agreeing upon a structured programme to take the CDP forward. The formation of the Steering
Group will also be announced as well as the sectors for which detailed analysis will be carried out.

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Figure 1.3 Kick-off workshops at Nagar Parishad office

Figure 1.4: Stage 1: Inception

Stakeholders for the Kick-off workshop Include:


Elected representatives such as President and councilors, Line Departments of the state government
such as pollution control board, departments of transport, industries, health, tourism, public health
engineering, land revenue, etc., non-governmental and community based organizations, representatives
of the poor communities, representatives of media, academic institutions, etc.

Preliminary Situational Analysis


Preliminary analysis was done based on secondary data collection and stakeholder consultations. The
analysis and assessment would include:

Regional setting, administrative boundary, demography, economy, urban growth, land use
change etc.
Urban basic services: water supply, sanitation, municipal solid waste, drainage, roads/urban
transport, urban environment, health and education, fire services, etc.
Institutional arrangements of key stakeholders and their role and responsibilities in city planning
with reference to delivery and management of urban basic services.
Financial framework of key stakeholder agencies involved in service delivery and O & M.

Stage 2: Sectoral Assessment and City/Town Profile


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Sector Analysis

The sector analysis will be carried out in consultation with the local counterparts. Interaction with
various stakeholder groups (meetings, workshops, focus group discussions, etc.), reviewing relevant
publications, reports, GOs, resolutions, procedures, laws etc. to analyse the current situation in each of
the sector identified. The detailed analysis at this stage will include study of physical characteristics of
the town, demographic characteristics, socio-economic analysis, infrastructure services, Housing and
slums, traffic and transportation sector, environment and forests, heritage conservation and tourism
etc.

City/Town Profile

The findings from the sector analysis will be used in preparing the City Profile consisting of the
assessment of the existing situation in all the sectors identified, emerging issues, SWOT analysis and
projection of the present gaps and future requirements.
The framework of parameters relating to demography, economic base, finance, physical and
environmental issues, infrastructure, institutions and universalisation of services eespecially for the poor
are to be included.

Figure 1.5: Stage 2: Sector Assessment and City Profile

Stage 3: City Vision and Development Objectives


Under this stage a city vision will be developed for a period of 25 years. The major actions required for
long term and short term need of the city will be discussed. This stage/ chapter will outlines the nature
of consultation activities conducted by the project team as part of goals, city vision and strategy for
development as part of overall CDP development.
Consultation with local communities, local government and state government will be undertaken by the
Consultant to provide an opportunity for community and government participation in the CDP process.
These activities will be aimed to form an open and cooperative communication process between the
team of CDP preparation and all stakeholders.

Development of Strategies and Priority Actions


This task involves a strategy for bringing the gap between where the city is and where it wishes to go.
Strategies and interventions will be identified for attaining the vision and future development
perspectives. The chosen strategies will be translated into programmes and projects in this stage.

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This involves identification of specific program and projects in each development area and brief
description of them covering an overview of the proposed program/project including the
program/project goal, objectives, broad financial implications and contribution to the vision
actualization.

2nd ULB Level Workshop


At the completion of this phase the DMG consulting Pvt. Ltd. will organise 2nd ULB level workshop.
The 1st Stage presentation at the District Level would be organized in front of a Committee Headed by
the District Collector, to monitor the progress of the project.
The 1st Stage discussion at the State Level would be organised at the Directorate of Urban
Administration and Development, Bhopal to monitor the progress of the project.
Preparing a City Investment Plan (CIP) and a Financing Strategy
The consultant will prepare a resource mobilization plan for Remunerative and non remunerative
projects both. Remunerative projects are mainly commercial in nature based on borrowed fund and
cost of the fund is included in the project feasibility. It is mainly bankable projects like shopping
complex, housing. However the non bankable projects are cross subsidized or budget supported which
are produced as public goods (parks, water, drainage etc) under grant and internal revenue accrual mix
resource format.
Project costing and determination of funding sources: Determination of types and sources of financing
for priority projects from internal resources, state and central governments, local financial institutions,
donors, and through public-private partnerships.
The Project Scheduling is in phased manner based on scores of priority projects, it will form actions
phasing (5 and 25 years period) and developing a City Investment Plan (CIP).

Figure 1.6: Stage 3: City Vision and Development Objectives

Stage 4: Drafting Final CDP

Third workshop on Draft CDP

DMG consulting Pvt. Ltd. with support from ULB has organized third workshop involving all the
stakeholders, who have been part of the CDP preparation process. The workshop will seek an
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endorsement of the City Development Plan from the stakeholder group present and agree on
procedures for performance monitoring.
The 2nd Stage presentation at the District Level would be organised
The 2nd Stage discussion at the State Level would be organised at the Directorate of Urban
Administration and Development, Bhopal to monitor the progress of the project.

Preparing a City Investment Plan (CIP) and a Financing strategy

Figure 1.7: Stage 4: Draft CDP

Stage 4: submission of Final CDP Document


Following the third and final workshop, DMG consulting Pvt. Ltd. will finalize the CDP document
incorporating the feedback from the workshop and the inputs received at the 2nd Stage State Level
discussion.

The 3rd Stage presentation at the ULB Level has been organised.
This document will be presented and submitted to council for resolution, along with a summary of the
CDP for publication and wider dissemination by the ULB.

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Figure 1.8 Schematic Diagram for Methodology of City Development Plan Preparation

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CHAPTER 2
Introduction to Gurh

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2.
2.1

INTRODUCTION TO GURH
Introduction to Rewa

Rewa district is situated in the north-eastern part of the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. It was a
princely state of Vindhya Pradesh. The city lies about 420 kilometres northeast of the state
capital Bhopal and 130 kilometres south of the city of Allahabad.
It lies between 240 18 and 250 12 north latitudes and 810 2 and 820 18. The district is bounded on the
north by Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Sidhi on the south by Shahdol and on the west by
Satna.
The district has a varied terrain that includes alluvial plains, hills, ravines, scarp, rivers, and water-falls.
The rain-water of the district flows out along two tributary rivers of the Ganges the Tamas and the Son.
According to the 2011 census, Rewa District has a population of 2,363,744, roughly equal to the nation
of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 191st in India (out of a total of 640).
The district has a population density of 374 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate
over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.79%. Rewa has a sex ratio of 930 females for every 1000 males and a
literacy rate of 73.42%.
A limestone belt runs through the Rewa district and coal is found in the nearby districts of Shahdol,
Umaria, Sidhi and Singrauli. Cement factories are located in nearby Naubasta, Bela (Satna district) and
Bhagwar (Sidhi district). The Jaypee Group has built a township known as Jaypee Nagar in Rewa. Asia's
biggest cement factory, Prism cement (previously Rasi Cement), operates near Rewa in Satna district.
Various Birla Group Companies, such as Vindhya Tele Links and Birla Ericson Ltd., are also located there.
In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Rewa one of the country's 250 most backward districts
(out of a total of 640 districts in India). It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving
funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGFP).

2.2

Administrative Boundary

Gurh Nagar Panchayat has established in 1982 and now it is called Gurh Nagar Parishad. Gurh, a small
town and one of the 11 Nagar Parishads of Rewa District is situated at 23 kms in East from Rewa Town
(District Headquarter) in Rewa District which is Surrounded by Raipur in the North; Raghurajgarh in
North-East; Govindgarh in South-West; Sidhi (M.P.) in South-East and Rewa in the West. The Gurh
Parishad comes under Chak Aabadi Kshetra of Madhya Pradesh. Geographically, the town lies at
2430 north latitude and 8030 east longitude at an altitude of about 405 mts. above mean sea level in
Bagelkhand Region.
The town constitutes a total area of about 8.50 sq. km. (850 Ha.) under the jurisdiction of Nagar
Parishad, Gurh and is divided into 15 no. of wards for management of civil services/ civic amenities and
administration.

2.3

Location and Connectivity

Located in the Southern part of Rewa District near to the District Headquarter Rewa, the town is well
connected to the rest of the towns of the District, M.P. and other parts of the country by Road, Rail and
Airways.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Roadways: Road plays an important role in connecting Gurh town to other towns and cities of the
country. The National Highway - 75 connects the town to its District Headquarter Rewa. The town has
got proximity with Sitapur and Mauganj. The town is also well connected to the towns such as Satna,
Chakghat, and Sidhi Singrauliand rest of the towns of by National Highway 75and Major District Road &
State Highway at regional level.
Railway Linkage: As town is not directly linked with Indian Railway System, the nearest railway station is
Rewa the District Headquarter at a distance of 25 kmfollowed by satna (75 km).
Airways: The nearest airport is at Bamrauli (Defense Air Base) in Uttar Pradesh which is approximately
170 kms from Gurh via Rewa and Satna through NH-75). The Satna which is quite near to the Gurh (75
Kms.) also has an airstrip, however not in use for regular fights.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Map: 2-1 Location of Gurh


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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Map: 2-2 Regional Connectivity Gurh, M.P.

2.4

Study Area

The study area Gurh Town covers an area of about 8.50 sq. km. under the jurisdiction of Nagar
Parishad, Gurh (NPG). For the purpose of administration and management of civic needs & services for a
total population of about 14590 (as per Census - 2011), the town is divided into 15 no. of wards
represented by ward councilors elected by the citizens.
Table 2.4.1: Study Area
Administrative Body

Area (Sq. Km.)

Area (HA)

Remarks

8.50

850.00

Semi-Urban Area
Most of the area under GNP is agricultural.
Development is slow but has potentials

Gurh Nagar Parishad

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Map: 2-3 Study Area Gurh Nagar Parishad

2.5

Physical Characteristics

2.5.1 Topography & Geology


The town is located at an altitude of about 450mts. above mean sea level in Bagelkhand Region. The
terrain of the region is plain gently sloping towards north. The whole of the Rewa District is located on
the Vindhya Range of hills. The medium deep black soils are intensively cultivated and highly potential.
The soil is deep clay to loamy, calerous slightly alkaline and shows swell and shrink properties.

2.5.2 Climate
The climate of this zone can be divided into three distinct seasons, namely,

Monsoon lasting from mid June to September.

Winter from November to February.

Summer from March to June.

The area enjoys tropical type climatic conditions. The climate of the town is characterized by hot and dry
summers. Summer nights are mainly cool and pleasant. The maximum average temperature has been
recorded in the month of May & June at 42C, whereas minimum average recorded temperature is 6C.
The rainy season starts from the mid June and end in the month of September. The average annual
rainfall is about 950-1050 mm. During monsoon months the relative humidity remains more than 65%
normally. The month of October witnesses the transition from monsoon to winter.
The rainfall distribution pattern is irregular. Approximately 90% of all rainfall in the region caused by the
monsoon falling from June to October accounts for average annual rainfall of about 1000 mm but most
of gets lost due to runoff. July and August are the months of maximum rainfall. April is the driest
months of the year, the winter rainfall is useful for the cultivation of Rabi crops but it is usually
inadequate without access to supplementary irrigation facilities.

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2.6

Agriculture, Industry, Minerals & Flora Fauna

The chief means of subsistence of the people in this region is agriculture. It is indeed regarded as the
best occupation and a proverb runs. "Agriculture is the best (occupation), trade and commerce stands
next, while (domestic) service is the lowest and alms begging the last resource". Two seasons are
recognized the kharif lasting from May to Oct, in which jowar, kodon etc are cultivated and the Rabi
lasting from October to March in which Soyabean, wheat, grains and masoor are sown.
In the town, there is no major industrial development. At regional level, the region is rich of valuable
minerals, forests and wild animals. Bauxite, coal, lime, basalt, iron ore, etc are some of the minerals
available in abundance in this region. A rich store of fuel exists in the coal-seams of the Barakar group in
the Gondwana series. The colliery at Umaria has been successfully worked for many years, and the
Johilla coal field, contains coal of even better quality.
The prevalent trees in the forests of Rewa District are sagon, sal, tendu, shishum, bambaoo etc, The
brushwood consists mainly of the species Grewiazizyphus, Casearia, Antidesma, Woodfordia, Flueggia,
Phyllanthus, Bosewellia and Buchanania with occasional trees of mahua (Bassialatifolia). The Rewa
District is famous for white tigers, bears, panthers, sambar (Cervus unicolor), Chinkara (Gazellabenetii)
and other species. Wild fowl of all classes are common throughout its area.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

CHAPTER 3
Demographic Profile of the Town

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

3.
3.1

DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE TOWN


Background

A demographic profile analysis covers apart from the population growth and trends in the town, an
assessment of the other social characteristics of the population including literacy, education, gender etc.
These analyses, together with the economic base will form the basis for working out the growth
scenarios for the town.

3.2

Population Trend and Urbaniztion

As per the Census of India, 1991 the total population of Gurh town was about 10,782 which has been
continuously increasing throughout the various year and has been registered to about 14590 in 2011
with a population of density of 17.19 persons per hectare. In the year 2001, as per the Census of India,
the total population of Gurh Nagar Parishad was 12,450 with a density of 14.65 persons per hectare. The
decadal growth rate of the town for the year 1991-2001 was registered as 15.47%. At present, as per the
Census 2011, Gurh Nagar Parishad has registered a total population of 14,590 with a decadal growth
rate of 17.19%. A comparative assessment of the total Urban Population indicates that the total urban
population of Rewa District constituted 1.97% total Madhya Pradesh Urban Population while GNP
constitutes 3.69% of Districts total Urban Population.
Table 3.2.1: Comparative Assessment of Urban Population

Area

Total Population
Urban
Population

Urban India

Male

Female

Decadal Growth
Rate 2001-2011

37,71,05,760

19,58,07,196

18,12,98,564

31.80%

2,00,59,666

1,04,70,511

95,89,155

25.63%

3,95,487

2,07,771

1,87,716

23.40%

14,590

7,638

6,952

17.19%

Madhya Pradesh (Urban)


Rewa District (Urban)
Gurh Nagar Parishad

Source: Provisional Population, Census of India, 2011

POPULATION OF GURH

Population

15000

10000
5000
0
1981-1991

1991-2001

2001-2011

Decades
Graph 3.1: Population Gurh, M.P.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


In terms of population growth, there is an increase in the growth rate as per the Census of India 2011.
The average decadal growth rate for the town during the year 1991-2001 was about 15.47% which has
increased to 17.19% with a total population of 14,590 in 2001-2011. Thus the population of the town is
increasing but with a slower growth rate. Gurh is more semi-urban in nature where the average
household size is high and the options for livelihood are very less. Main economic base of the town is
the ariculture.
Table 3.2.2: Population Growth Trends

Year

Population
GNP

Decadal Growth Rate (%)

Rewa District

GNP

Rewa District

1981 - 1991

10,782

15,54,987

1991 - 2001

12,450

19,72,333

15.47

26.84

2001 - 2011

14,590

23,63,744

17.19

19.85

Source: Census of India; Provisional Population Figure Census 2011

As compare to Gurh town, the population of district is increasing with a declining growth rate as per the
Census of India 2011. The average decadal growth rate for the district during the year 1991-2001 was
about 26.84%which has declined to 19.85% with a total population of 23, 63,744 in 2001-2011. This is
because of out migration in search of livelihood as the Rewa District itself does not have much potential
in terms of education & health facilities, economic opportunities to cater the growing population.

Growth Rate (in %age)

DECADAL POPULATION GROWTH


30.00
25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00

26.84
19.86
17.19

15.47

1991-2001

2001-2011
Rewa District

Gurh Town

Graph 3.2: Decadal Growth of Population Gurh, M.P.

3.3

Population Density

As per the Census of 2011, the gross density of Gurh town is 17.16 persons per Ha. This is increasing
continuously since 1991.
Table 3.3.1: Population Density Trends

Year
1991

Population

Area in Hectare

10782

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850.00

Area (in Sq. Km.)


8.50

Density (pph)
13

Density (pp sq.


Km.)
1268

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


2001

12450

850.00

8.50

15

1465

2011

14590

850.00

8.50

17

1716

Source: Census of India; Provisional Population, Census of India, 2011

The Ward Wise Demographics of the town is given below.


Table 3.3.2: Demographics of the Town - Gurh

Ward No.

No. of HH

Population

Avg.
HH Size

Area
(in ha.)

Population Density
(pph)

Ward No.1

172

929

5.4

142.37

Ward No.2

118

696

5.9

9.99

70

Ward No.3

134

846

6.3

20.69

41

Ward No.4

117

843

7.2

3.43

246

Ward No.5

130

792

6.1

7.89

100

Ward No.6

156

890

5.7

2.80

318

Ward No.7

179

1107

6.2

68.40

16

Ward No.8

191

1033

5.4

5.98

173

Ward No.9

219

1140

5.2

8.31

137

Ward No.10

136

1003

7.4

4.37

230

Ward No.11

117

805

6.9

3.10

260

Ward No.12

132

832

6.3

7.73

108

Ward No.13

217

1087

5.0

51.94

21

Ward No.14

237

1302

5.5

272.97

Ward No.15

222

1285

5.8

240.02

2477

14590

5.9

849.99

1737

Total

Source: Census of India, 2011

As far as, distribution of population concerned the ward nos. 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have the maximum
concentration of population (i.e. more than 100pph) as per Census 2011. The lowest is 5 persons per
hectare in ward no. 14 and 15 while the highest is 318 persons per hectare in ward no. 6. Ward No.
4,6,7, 9 10 and 11 have high population density with more than 100 persons per hectare followed by 51
- 99 persons per hectare as moderate density in ward no. 2 and 5. Other wards have population density
of less than 51 persons per hectare which mainly includes the periphery area and area along the river
side they are 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 and 15.
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


The average household size for the town is 5.35 persons in 2011. At ward level, the average household
size is more than the towns average in the ward no. 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11 and 12. The average household
size is lowest in ward no. 13 i.e. 5 persons while ward no. 10 have the highest i.e. 7.4.

Map: 3-1 Ward Wise Population Density Gurh, M.P.

3.4

Population Projections

The population of town is growing but with a slower growth rate. The average decadal growth rate of
Gurh town for past 2 decades is 16.33%. The design populations for the next 25 years have been
forecasted for Gurh. The exercise has been done taking into account the population of past decades and
as per the guidelines detailed out in CPHEEO Manual. Looking to the factors governing the future growth
and development of the Gurhtown likewise location, educational, industrial, commercial (including
investment from outside), tourism, social and administrative aspects it is felt that the most suitable
method for population projection will be Geometrical Progression Method. However, other methods
suggested are also followed.

3.5

Methodology Adopted to Estimate Population

For populations projection Plan Period three methods i.e. Arithmetic Progression Method, Geometric
Progression Method and Incremental Progression Method were adopted.

3.5.1 Arithmetic Progression Method


Generally, the arithmetic progression method is applicable to large & old cities. This method usually
gives lower population & should be adopted when the future growth of the city is expected to be very
slow. In this method the decadal increase in population is calculated and the total increase in population
is worked out by dividing total increase in population in overall decades.
Table 3.5.1: Projected Population Arithmetic Progression Method

Years
2011 (Base Year)
2012
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Increase Per Year


190
190

Population
14590
14780
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


2013
2014
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035

190
190
190
952
952
952
952

14970
15160
15350
16302
17254
18206
19158

Source: DMG Assessment (Arithmetic Progression Method)

3.5.2 Geometrical Progression Method


Geometric means is calculated for finding the growth rate. This method is suitable to project population
for fast growing/developing town and city. It usually gives higher population figure.
Table 3.5.2: Projected Population Geometrical Progression Method

Years
2011 (Base Year)
2012
2013
2014
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035

% Increase Per Year


1.63
1.63
1.63
1.63
1.63
8.16
8.16
8.16
8.16

Population
14590
14823
15065
15311
15561
16837
18212
19698
21306

Source: DMG Assessment (Geometrical Progression Method)

3.5.3 Incremental Increase Method


In this method, the increment in arithmetical increase is determined from the past decades and the
average of that increment is added to the average increase. This method increases the figures by
obtained by arithmetical increase method.
Table 3.5.3: Projected Population Incremental Increase Method

Years
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035

Increase Per Year


238
238
238
238
238
1188
1188
1188
1188

Population
14590
14828
15065
15303
15540
16728
17916
19104
20292

Source: DMG Assessment (Incremental Increase Method)

3.6

Summary of Population Projection through Various Methods

From the population projection done for Gurh Town it is calculated that.
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Incremental Increase method and Arithmetic Progression Method have given very less
population and are not the suitable method for the town like Gurh which have very good
prospects of growth in near future
Geometric Progression Method gives higher population as compared Incremental Increase and
arithmetical progression method and is suitable and close to reality as the town with abundant
agricultural land is located very much closer to the class I urban town Rewa.

Thus the population has been taken as calculated by Geometric Progression Method.

3.7

Schedule Caste & Schedule Tribe Population

As per 2001 Census, out of the total population the Gurh Nagar Parishad had 18.85% (2,347) of Schedule
Caste (SC) Population which is more than the National Average and District Average. While 9.66% of
total population accounts for Schedule Tribe (ST) Population in the town.
Table 3.7.1: Comparative Assessment of Urban SC & ST Population

Area

Total Urban Population

% of ST
Population

Urban
Population

SC
Population

Urban India

286,119,689

3,36,24,822

69,87,643

11.75

2.44

Madhya Pradesh

1,59,67,145

37,87,827

7,87,026

23.72

4.93

3,20,563

37,413

19,836

11.67

6.19

12,450

2,347

1,203

18.85

9.66

Rewa District
Gurh Nagar Parishad

ST
Population

% of SC
Population

Source: Census of India, 2001

3.8

Literacy Rate

Literacy, being an important indicator of social development, affects the demographic characteristics
and participation in labour. As per 2001 Census, the average literacy rate of Gurh town was 56.04%
which has increased to 69.02% as per 2011 Census but it is lower as compared to the District Average of
73.42%. The male literacy rate as per census 2011 is high as 76.53% while female literacy rate is a
significant 60.77%. The status of women in terms of literacy has been significantly low at town level,
while as compare to District Level the female literacy rate of Gurh is higher than the District Average.
But due to pace of time the literacy rate has increased from the previous decade, because of
introduction of schemes to promote the education system in MP, like, Improvement in Science
Education Scheme, Modernisation Scheme of Madarsa Education, Integrated Education for Disabled
Children, Computer Literacy and Study Scheme in Schools, District Primary Education Programme, Sarva
Shiksha Abhiyan, Education Gaurantee Scheme etc.

Table 3.8.1: Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P.

Area

Literacy Rate (in %age)


Total

Male

Female

2001

2011

2001

2011

2001

2011

Urban India

79.92

84.98

86.27

89.67

72.86

79.92

Madhya Pradesh

79.39

84.90

87.39

90.24

70.47

77.39

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Rewa District

62.01

73.42

75.65

83.67

47.58

62.49

Gurh Nagar Parishad

56.04

69.02

68.05

76.53

43.18

60.77

Source: Census of India, 2001 & Provisional Figure, Census of India 2011.

Map: 3-2 Ward Wise Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P.

Table 3.8.2: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate Gurh, M.P.

Ward No.
Ward No.1
Ward No.2
Ward No.3
Ward No.4
Ward No.5
Ward No.6
Ward No.7
Ward No.8
Ward No.9
Ward No.10
Ward No.11
Ward No.12
Ward No.13
Ward No.14
Ward No.15
Average

Total

Literacy Rate (in %age)


Male

Female

54.23
61.80
66.13
68.81
60.08
64.02
44.92
51.09
35.85
62.81
67.86
63.84
59.20
49.14
42.02
56.04

67.49
72.59
78.08
81.51
71.31
79.50
55.04
63.30
47.65
76.87
77.72
76.25
70.14
58.00
56.34
68.05

41.08
51.08
53.90
55.67
48.79
47.89
33.66
37.93
23.44
46.09
56.93
50.27
46.35
39.22
27.23
43.18

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Source: Census of India, 2001

3.9

Sex Ratio

The ratio between the number of males and the number of females is expressed in number of females
per 1000 males. The sex ratio measures the extent of prevailing equity between males and females in
the project area. There is a significant decline in the sex ratio of Gurh Town and of district from 934 in
2001 to 910 in 2011. The sex ratio among the 0-6 age groups has increased to 977 females per thousand
males in 2011 from 830 in 2001 for Gurh Town.
Table 3.9.1: Comparative Assessment of Sex Ratio

Area

Sex Ratio
2001

2011

Sex Ratio
(0-6 Age Group)

Sex Ratio (SC)

Sex Ratio (ST)

2001

2001

2001

2011

2011

2011

Urban India

900

926

906

902

923

944

Madhya Pradesh

898

916

907

895

907

912

Rewa District

941

930

926

883

939

924

Gurh Nagar Parishad

934

910

977

830

943

903

Source: Census of India, 2001 & Provisional Figure, Census of India 2011.

Map: 3-3 Ward Wise Sex Ratio Gurh, M.P.

At town level, as per 2011 Census, ward no. 5 has the highest sex ratio i.e. 980 females per 1000 males
while the lowest is 830 females per 1000 males in ward number 13. Wards with more than 900 females
per 1000 males are 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12 and 14 (Refer to Table: 3.15). The average sex ratio among
children (0-6 age group) is also quite low i.e. 830 females per 1000 males, discouraging girl child birth in
the town.

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Table 3.9.2: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of Sex Ratio Gurh, M.P.

Ward No.

Sex Ratio

Ward No.1
Ward No.2
Ward No.3
Ward No.4
Ward No.5
Ward No.6
Ward No.7
Ward No.8
Ward No.9
Ward No.10
Ward No.11
Ward No.12
Ward No.13
Ward No.14
Ward No.15
Average

Sex Ratio (0-6 Age Group)


908
966
949
933
980
956
876
871
945
882
855
930
830
932
895
910

800
818
1029
706
967
648
854
889
644
606
629
825
1206
953
904
830

Source: Census of India, 2011

3.10 SWOT Analysis


STRENGTH
Literacy Rate is high and is increasing
continuously over the years.
High literacy rate has resulted into awareness
about family planning.

WEAKNESS
Literacy rate among female is low as compares
to male.
Sex Ratio of Town is less than the average of
District, M.P and Urban India.
Sex-ratio among 0-6 age group is declining.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Major urban nodes are in Wester and Eastern


side of the Town.

Excessive out-migration may harm the economic


profile of the town.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

CHAPTER 4
Socio - Economic Profile of the Town

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

4.
4.1

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE TOWN


Background

Socio-economic profile reflects the sociological and economical characteristics of the city, which may
include sex-ratio, literacy rate, household characteristics, workforce participation rate, industrial
activities, trade and commerce, tourism etc. In this section, an analysis has been done to identify the
socio-economic profile of Gurh and addressing the major issues. No data assessment of the economic
base of the city is possible as, essential town-wise economic information is not readily available. It can,
however, be conjectured that the dominant sector of the economy of Gurh is the primary sector
followed by tertiary and secondary sectors.

4.2

Sex Ratio

The ratio between the number of males and the number of females is expressed in number of females
per 1000 males. The sex ratio measures the extent of prevailing equity between males and females in
the project area. As per the Census 2011, there is a significant decline in the sex ratio of Gurh Town and
of district from 934 in 2001 to 910 in 2011. The average national sex ratio for urban India, Madhya
Pradesh and Rewa District are 926, 916 and 930 female per 1000 males respectively as per the Census
2011.

4.3

Literacy Rate

Literacy, being an important indicator of social development, affects the demographic characteristics
and participation in labour. As per 2001 Census, the average literacy rate of Gurh town was 56.04%
which has increased to 69.02% as per 2011 Census but it is lower as compared to the District Average of
73.42%. The status of women in terms of literacy has been significantly low. The male literacy rate as per
2011 Census is high as 76.53% while female literacy rate is significant at 60.77%.

4.4

Average Household Size

The total number of households in Gurh Town as per Census 2011 is 2727. The average household size
in Gurh Town is 5.35 persons. A comparative assessment of urban population indicates that the average
household size of the town is higher than the national average of 5.12 while the state average is also
higher at 7.27 persons per house.
Table 4.4.1: Comparative Assessment of Household Size

Area

Total Population

Urban India

Household

Average HH Size

28,61,19,689

5,58,32,570

5.12

1,59,67,145

21,95,725

7.27

19,73,306

3,62,657

5.44

12,450

2,112

5.89

*14,590

*2727

5.35

Madhya Pradesh (Urban)


Rewa District
Gurh Nagar Parishad

Source: Census of India, 2001; *provisional figures Census of India 2011

4.5

Workforce Participation

As per the 2001 Census, the Gurh Nagar Parishad has lower Work Force Participation Rate (WFPR) WFPR
is recorded at 42.64% indicating high dependency ratio, while the National Urban average accounts for
32.25%.
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Table 4.5.1: Comparative Assessment of WFPR

Area

Total
population

Urban India
Madhya Pradesh (Urban)
Rewa District

Workers

WFPR (%)

Total

Male

28,61,19,689

9,22,78,654

7,61,75,323

16,103,331

32.25

1,59,67,145

48,93,293

39,88,452

9,04,841

30.65

19,73,306

8,62,959
5309

5,02,107
3297

3,60,852
2012

43.73

Gurh Nagar Parishad

12,450

Female

42.64

Source: Census of India, 2001

4.6

Workforce Distribution

Work force distribution indicates the economic base of any city or town. There are a total of 5309
workers in the town as per the 2001 Census of India and majority of workers are engaged in tertiary
activities such as trade & commerce. The workforce participation ratio is 42.64.
8.30%
15.09%
Cultivators
Agricultural Laborers

3.62%

House Hold Industries


Others

72.99%
Graph: 4-1 Workforce Distibution Gurh, M.P.

In Percentage

100.00
80.00
60.00
40.00
20.00
0.00

Total WFPR

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Male

79.99

58.35

54.37

88.19

Female

20.01

41.65

45.63

11.81

Graph 4.2: Gender Wise Work Force Distribution in Differrent Sectors of Economy

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Page 41

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Table 4.6.1: Ward Wise Comparative Assessment of WFPR & Work Force Distribution
Ward No.

Total
Population

Total Working Population


Male
189

Female
111

Total
WFPR (%)

Work Force Distribution (%)

815

Total
300

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

36.81

26.52

2.76

70.72

644

207

149

58

32.14

13.21

14.11

72.67

803

248

177

71

30.88

16.99

2.43

80.58

808

228

188

40

28.22

0.00

0.00

100.00

744

397

242

155

53.36

1.00

4.00

95.00

870

374

234

140

42.99

0.00

0.00

100.00

866

375

197

178

43.30

0.55

6.04

93.41

783

442

242

200

56.45

4.00

3.33

92.67

954

540

272

268

56.60

3.74

1.07

95.19

10

812

307

202

105

37.81

38.83

0.97

60.19

11

700

224

187

37

32.00

1.29

1.94

96.77

12

766

361

213

148

47.13

67.98

7.46

24.56

13

924

421

250

171

45.56

61.23

0.00

38.77

14

983

495

300

195

50.36

35.00

0.83

64.17

15

978

390

255

135

39.88

32.83

0.00

67.17

Gurh

12450

5309

3297

2012

42.64

23.39

3.62

72.99

Source: Census of India, 2001

4.7

Dependency Ratio

The average dependency ratio for Gurh Town is 57.35% which indicates that GNP has higher level of
dependent population in comparison to National Urban and District Average. Like most of the cities or
town, females constitute higher proportion of dependent population of more than 59% of total number
of non-working population.
Table 4.7.1: Comparative Assessment of Non-working Population
Area
Urban India
Madhya Pradesh (Urban)
Rewa District

Total
population
286119689
15967145
1973306

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Non-Workers
Total
193841035
11073852
862959

Male
74378775
4424107
502107

Female
119462260
6649745
360852

Dependency
Ratio (in %)
67.74
69.35
56.27
Page 42

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Gurh Nagar Parishad

12450

7141

3139

4002

57.35

Source: Census of India, 2001

The dependency ratio within the town indicates that Ward Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 11 and 15 have 70% or
more dependent population.

40.66%

Male

Female
59.34%

Chart: 4-3 Gender Wise Dependency Ratio Gurh, M.P.

4.8

Industrial Activities

The town has no major industries within its vicinity; however there are industrial units within the Rewa
District and in surrounding districts which provides direct and indirect employment to resident of the
town apart from Small Scale Household Industries within town. The important industries found in and
around Rewa Districts includesTable 4.8.1: List of Important Industries in Rewa District and in its surrounding Districts

District/Town

Important Industries

Rewa

Cement Manufacturing Industries


Cottage Based and Handloom Weaving Industries

Satna

Mining Industries
Cement, Tiles and Stone Manufacturing Industries
Agricultural Produce and Agro-based industries Flour, Oilseed milling, pulses, rice
etc.
Handloom Weaving Industries
Cable Manufacturing Industries
Steel Fabricators & Transformer Repairing Industries
Automobile Industries
Engineering Industries
Other Manufacturing Industries

Sidhi

Agricultural Produce and Agro-based industries


Coal Mining Industries
Forest Produced Industries Timber as well as Non-timber.

Source: DMG Assessment

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Page 43

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

4.8.1 Informal Business and Local Economy (Trade & Commerce)


In GNP more than 70% of working population is engaged in tertiary activities such as trade & commerce,
informal business activities. Chauhata bazaar in ward no 4, 8 and 11 are the main concentration of
commercial retail trading places. Krishi Upaj mandi in ward 13 is the wholesale market for the town. The
Gurh market is centrally located and is very congested & unorganized. The development of other
commercial activities (both formal and informal) is also observed along the major roads of the town, Bus
Stand, and along State Highway leading to Churhat in south-east and Rewa in west. The informal
markets/shops predominantly include vegetables, fruits, cloths and garments, hardware, groceries items
etc.

4.8.2 Wholesale Trade


Chauhata bazaar in ward no. 4, 8, 11 and Krishi Upaj Mandi (food grains) in ward no. 13 are the some of
the major retail and wholesale trading areas for the town. The spread of commercial activities in
restricted to smaller areas near the squares (chouraha) of town and along the NH-75.

Map: 4-1 Major Markets/Commercial and Wholesale Trading Areas of the Town

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Page 44

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Figure 4.2: Commercial outlets along the road

4.9

Figure 4.1: Shops constructed and non-funtional


near Bus stands

Heritage and Tourism

At town level, Gurh has one tourist destination i.e. Kashtahar nath Temple. Baba Bhairo temple is
situated at a distance of 5 km from the town and the place has good potential for tourism as the area
has good scenic beauty. The idol is in lying position having a length of 24 ft. The existing water bodies
(i.e. river front development of Bhichhiya and Bihiya and ponds) can be developed as recreational area
for town. There is lack of sufficient and efficient modes of transportation, infrastructure services in town
that can hold the tourist. Tourist coming to Orchha or Khajuraho, Maihar, Panna National Park,
Bandhavgarh National Park can be tapped. Thus, the town Gurh falls under KhajurahoPanna
Bandhavgarh-Chitrakoot-Allahabad tourist circuit.
Two day fair is organised at K. Kashtaharnath Temple on Vasant Panchmi and Shivratri. A fair is also
organised at the Dam on the way to Nagar Parishad while going there from Rewa.
The main attraction centers/spots for tourists in its proximity are listed below.
Table 4.9.1: List of Important Centers/Spots for Tourists in Town and in its Proximity
Tourist Spot
Sites within the Town
Bihiya and Bichhiya River

Place

Distance from
Town

Sites within its proximity


Deorkothar
25-30 Km
(Tyonthartehsil)

Rewa

25 Km

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Location
Flowing through the town River serves as a life line for the
town but the water in the river is not perennial and it tries
out during few months of the summer.
Specialty

Buddhist Stupas and Rock Painting declared a monument of


national importance in 1988 by the Govt. of India and is
being preserved and conserved by Archaeological Survey of
India, Bhopal.
Rewa Fort, Rewa Fort Museum; Venkat Bhawan and Shiva
Temple, Rani Talab Temple
Page 45

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Govindgarh
Chakghat

40 Km
95 Km

Govindgarh Fort and Lake


Tamas river and natural vegetation

Source: DMG Assessment

Map: 4-2 Tourism in and Around Gurh Town


The overall economy of the town is highly localized and confined to only low economic activities of the
hinterland. Tourism is also not contributing too much to the economic development of the town, it is
concluded that tourism development and industrial development can contribute to development of
region as a whole.

4.10 SWOT Analysis


STRENGTH
The town falls under KhajurahoPanna
Bandhavgarh-Chitrakoot-Allahabad tourist circuit.
Bichiya and Renuka River flowing through the centre
of town.
Many religious spots and one fort in wards 1, 2,
DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

WEAKNESS
Lack of maintenance of the fort in ward no. 10
and river front flowing alog the wards 1, 3, 7
and 12.
Lack of Infrastructure for tourism like roads,
railways to attract tourists.
Page 46

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


3,7,10 and 12.
OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Planned river front development along both the side


can provide good potential for developing a
recreational space, tourist or picnic spot in wards 1,
3, 7, 12 and 14.
Availability of lands in wards 1, 3, 7, 14 and 15
demands for the recreational development like
parks, gardens, playgrounds, community centres etc.

Excessive encroachments on river side especially


in wards 3, 5
Dumping of municipal solid waste and discharge
of waste water into the river wards 3, 5, 12 and
13

4.11 Issues
The overall population of Gurh is increasing. But sex ratio is decreasing which can be a couse for concern
as Madhya Pradesh government is working on promoting girl child.
Sector
Heritage
and
Tourism

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

Lack of infrastructure support for


tourism development
Lack of attention towards the river
from development along the wards
1,3,7,10 and 14
Discharge of waste water along with
municipal waste in the river through
drains from wards 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10
.11 and 12.

Proposed Projects
-

Identification of the strength in terms


of existing assets like rivers, ponds,
temples and other monuments of
historical values and then renovation
or development of these assets.
Development,
beautification,
plantations along the river.
Promoting Gurh as a transit point by
making provision for a tourist circuit
and associated tourism infrastructure
for
the
surrounding
tourist
destination.

4.12 Proposed projects, their cost and implementing agencies:


Table 4.12.1: Proposed works, Costing and concerning Department
Code No.
Projects proposed

Project Cost Department


(in Lakh)
T1
Preparation of Detailed Project Report for river front 5.00
ULB's, Govt. of
development including landscaping,designing and details
M.P.
of infrastructure required
T2
River Front Development along both the side of river in 130.00
ULB's, Govt. of
ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14
M.P.
T3
Development, beautification, plantations along the river 50.00
ULB's, Govt. of
and nallah in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14.
M.P.
T4
Promoting Gurh as a transit point by making provision for 20.00
ULB's, Govt. of
a tourist circuit and associated tourism infrastructure for
M.P.
the surrounding tourist destination.
Sub Total Cost (J)
205.00
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Page 47

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Other Proposed Projects


Table 4.12.2: Proposed works, Costing and concerning Department
Code No.
Projects proposed
Project Cost Department
(in Lakh)
O1

O2
O3

Development of Entrance Gates to town (2 in 10.00


Nos.) one towards north side and other towards
south on NH-75.(@5 lakh/unit)
Development of hawker zone in wards no 6.
5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Construction of one Community Hall and two 50.00


Rooms
in
ward
no.
7
and
15
respectively(community hall @ 35 lakh and
Community rooms @15 lakh)

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Sub Total Cost (K)

Old fort turned into school, ward no. 12

Small structure for recreational use along the

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

65.00

Toilet complex in the fort compound (ward no. 12)

Temple near the bus stand, ward no. 12

Pond, ward no. 13

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Page 48

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

CHAPTER 5
Physical Planning and Growth
Management

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Page 49

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

5.
5.1

PHYSICAL PLANNING AND GROWTH MANAGEMENT


Background

An urban landuse planning, attempts to achieve an optimal spatial coordination of different human
activities for the enhancement of the quality of life. Planning for community growth and development
based on optimal land use planning, urban design, economic and environmental planning principles. This
chapter highlights the analysis of general spatial growth pattern, directions and land-use distribution of
the town.

5.2

Spatial Growth Trends

The total area of Gurh Nagar Parishad is about 850 Ha. with a population of about 14590 as per 2011
Census. Out of the total area, the town has approximately 18% developed area and 82% undeveloped
area or agricultural land. The spatial growth pattern suggests that the town is predominantly developing
along the NH-75. in the form of ribbon development. Gurh Bazar is the major commercial area in the
town where all major commercial and trade related activities are concentrated. These areas have high
density with mixed landuse of residential and commercial development. Consequently, any new
development impending in the city heed directly to the existing commercial centers to achieve
maximum economies of scale. The impact is vivid in the existing spatial development.

5.3

Spatial Distribution of Population

As far as, distribution of population within the town is concerned, the ward nos. 4, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 11
have the maximum concentration of population as per Census 2011. As far as population density is
concerned, the core and old areas of the town including some outer areas are densely populated. The
lowest is 4.73 persons per hectare in ward no. 14 while the highest is 188.10 persons per hectare in
ward no. 7. Ward No. 4,6,7, 9 10 and 11 have high population density with more than 100 persons per
hectare followed by 51 - 99 persons per hectare as moderate density in ward no. 2, 5, 8 and 12. Other
wards have population density of less than 51 persons per hectare which mainly includes the periphery
area and area along the river side they are 1, 3, 14 and 15.
Table 5.3.1: Ward Wise Distribution of Population Density as per 2011.
Ward No.

Ward No.1
Ward No.2
Ward No.3
Ward No.4
Ward No.5
Ward No.6
Ward No.7
Ward No.8
Ward No.9
Ward No.10
Ward No.11
Ward No.12

Area in
Hectare
142.37
9.99
20.69
3.43
7.89
2.80
68.40
5.98
8.31
4.37
3.10
7.73

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

% of Total Area
16.75
1.18
2.43
0.40
0.93
0.33
8.05
0.70
0.98
0.51
0.36
0.91

Total Population
929
696
846
843
792
890
1107
1033
1140
1003
805
832

Population Density (pph)


7
70
41
246
100
318
16
173
137
230
260
108
Page 50

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Ward No.13
Ward No.14
Ward No.15
Total

51.94
272.97
240.02
850

6.11
32.11
28.24
100.00

1087
1302
1285
14590

21
5
5
17

Source: Census of India, 2011

Map: 5-1 Urban Growth Scenario Gurh, M.P.

5.4

Landuse Analysis

The study of the land-use would enable us to understand the city as envisaged in the past and the
direction of its future growth and development. A change in land-use is inevitable over time and reflects
the needs and demands of the residents of the city. This section deals with the existing landuse of the
town.
Table 5.4.1: Existing Landuse Distribution; 2011 Gurh
Landuse
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Public/Semi public and Public Utilities
Recreational
Transportation
Water Body
DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Area in Hectare
75.00
5.31
0.00
5.31
0.00
16.24
49.15

Percentage
49.67
3.51
0.00
3.51
0.00
10.75
32.55

Remarks
% age out of the Total
Developed Area

Page 51

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Total Developed Area
Undeveloped Area/ Agricultural Land
Total Municipal Area

18.00
82.00
100.00

151
697
850

% age out of the Total


Municipal Area

Source: DMG Assessment

18%

Developed Area
Undeveloped Area

82%

Graph: 5-1 Developed and Undeveloped Area in Gurh

Residential
Commercial

33%
50%

Industrial
Public/Semi public and Public
Utilities

11%
3%

0%
3%

Recreational

Transportation

0%

Graph: 5-2 Landuse Distribution Developed Area

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Page 52

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Map: 5-2 Existing Landuse Map; 2011 Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.5

Housing Scenario

5.5.1 Introduction
Housing is a basic social need of each and every individual. It is an important determinant of the quality
of life of the people thus needs to be addressed. Adequacy of housing stock, construction quality, the
number of occupants in proportion to the number of rooms and the provision of basic amenities are all
important determinants of development. Hence, fulfilling the need for housing and tackling housing
needs is an important component of any city Development Plan.In Gurh housing development is done
by Madhya Pradesh Housing Board (MPHB) and private builders.

5.5.2 Housing Stock


As per 2001 Census of India, there are 2112 households in Gurh Nagar Parishad (GNP) with an average
household size of 5.9 persons which is higher as compared to average national urban household sizes. At
present, as per the census of 2011 the average household size in Gurh is decline to 5.35 persons with
2727 total numbers of households. There was a total of 2412 number of Census houses as per 2001 in
Gurh town.
Table 5.5.1: Comparative Assessment of Household Size
Area

Total Population

Urban India
Madhya Pradesh (Urban)
Rewa District
Gurh Nagar Parishad

Household

Average HH Size

28,61,19,689

5,58,32,570

5.12

1,59,67,145

21,95,725

7.27

2727*

5.35

1973306
14590*

Source: Census of India, 2001; *provisional figures Census of India 2011

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Page 53

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Categories of Housing Strucutre
Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Wall
Out of the total number of houses in the town, 60% of the houses are made up of mud and unburnt
bricks. Walls in 38.85% of house are made up of burnt bricks.

Distribution of Houses by Material Used for Wall


0.00%
0.04%
0.17% 0.04%
0.50%

38.85%
60.03%

0.00%

0.37%

Grass, Thatch, Bamboo etc.

Plastic, Polythene

Mud, Unburnt Brick

Wood

G.I., Metal, Asbestos Sheets

Burnt brick

Stone

Concrete

Any other material

Graph: 5-3 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Wall

Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Roof


In Gurh town, out of the total number of houses more than 72.76% of the houses are having roof made
up of tiles. Roof in 12% of house are made up of bricks and another 12% of houses have stone as
material for roofing. Remaining houses includes roof made up of grass, thatch, bamboo mud, wood,
plastic, polythene, stone, concrete, asbestos sheets, plastic, polythene, slate and other materials.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Distribution of Houses by Material Used for Roof


12.02%

Grass, Thatch, Bamboo, Mud


, Wood etc.
Plastic, Polythene

0.12%
0.12% 0.04%

Tiles

12.31%

Slate
G.I., Metal, Asbestos, sheets

0.00%

Brick

0.33%
2.28%
72.76%

Stone
Concrete
Any other material

Graph: 5-4 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Roof

Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Floor


Out of the total number of houses, 74.5% of the houses do not have pucca floor. 25.5% of houses are
having pacca floor made up of cement, bricks, and stone.

Distributionof Houses by Material Used for Floor


0.17%
3.57%

0.04%

21.02%

Mud

0.70%

Wood, Bamboo

74.50%

Brick
Stone

0.00%

Cement
Mosaic, Floor tiles
Any other material

Chart: 5-5 Distribution of Houses by Predominant Material of Floor

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Page 55

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Distribution of houses by Use
In the town, all along the major district roads and in commercial, main bazar/chak bazar area most of
the houses are used for both residential as well as for commercial purpose. Only in the inner side of the
wards houses are mainly used for residential purpose.

Ownership Status
In town, 98.52% houses are owned, 1.15% are rented and remaining fall into other types of ownership
status. Thus indicating about most of the people residing in the town has their own land.

Ownership Status of Households


1.15%

0.32%

Owned
Rented
Others

98.52%

Chart: 5-6 Housing Ownership Status Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.5.3 Present and Future Housing Demand


As per Census of India 2011, the average household size in the town is 5.35 which are higher than the
national urban average of 5.12. Since the town is in transition phase of development (rural to urban), its
semi-urban in nature. The present and future housing demand for town has been estimated by taking
into account the ideal size of a household / dwelling unit (DU) that is 5.5. The average household size in
most of the wards is higher than the ideal household size.
Table 5.5.2: Ward Wise Present Housing Demand and Gap
Ward No.

Total No. of HH

Total Population

Avg.

Ward No.1

172

929

HH Size
5.4

Ward No.2

118

649

5.9

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Housing
Demand
169

Housing
Supply
172

127

118

Housing
Gap
3
-9

Page 56

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Ward No.3

134

846

6.3

154

134

-20

Ward No.4

117

843

7.2

153

117

-36

Ward No.5

130

792

6.1

144

130

-14

Ward No.6

156

890

5.7

162

156

-6

Ward No.7

179

1407

6.2

201

179

-23

Ward No.8

192

1033

5.4

188

192

Ward No.9

219

1140

5.2

207

219

12

Ward No.10

137

1103

7.4

182

137

-47

Ward No.11

119

805

6.9

146

119

-30

Ward No.12

132

832

6.3

151

132

-19

Ward No.13

217

1037

198

217

20

Ward No.14

237

1302

5.5

237

237

Ward No.15

222

1285

5.8

234

222

-12

2477

14590

5.9

2653

2477

-176

Total

Source: Census of India, 2011 and DMG Assessment

Based on the above assumptions, at present there is a gap for housing of 176 houses. This indicates that
there is a demand for housing. The demand gap is highest in ward no. 10 followed by ward no. 3, 4, 7, 11
and 12.

5.6

Future Growth Possibilities

The future growth possibilities have been envisaged based on the existing growth pattern and the
population projection of 21308. The past trend of development shows growth in north and west
directions due to the presence of suitable land mainly along the transportation lines i.e. NH 75 in the
form of ribbon development. Since the town is semi-urban in nature, there is abundant of agricultural
land near by the existing development in all directions. The growth potential is also there towards the
east and north side of the town along the major transportation line, but the development is quite slow.
The slum or the squatter which contributes to 15.7% of total population are mainly concentrated in
ward nos. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 and 15 which are in outskirts and core areas.
Also several industrial / commercial activities have been proposed in the study area along the major
roads in north western side that are likely to give boost to urban growth in these areas. The future
growth possibilities and directions has been discussed with respect to five aspects that includes existing
urban growth, the transportation lines, availability abundant agricultural land in GNP, natural and the
proposed economic activities. Municipal body should ensure the future development of town in planned
manner as per these identified zones along with detailed layout master/development plans prepared by
TCP Dept., Rewa.
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Page 57

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

5.7

SWOT Analysis

STRENGTH
WEAKNESS
Gurh lies in geologically safe seismic zone.
Scattered growth of the residential land use
like settlements in ward no. 1, 14 and 15 are
Better connectivity with Rewa and Sidhi with NH-75
not getting benefits with commercialization
and and two rivers Bichhiya and Renuka passing
and other social services and amenities.
through the heart of the town provides a favourable
condition of the organic growth.
Almost all the residential wards are concentrated in
the centre which provides a benefit in terms of
providing utilities and services. (wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8,
9, 10 and 11)
Most of the portion of the town eespecially in wards
1, 7, 13, 14 and 15 is agricultural land provides the
scope of further development of the town.
OPPORTUNITY
THREAT

River front development and housing sector Settlements are developed in very small area of
development along the Rivers Bichiya and Renuka
wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11 and two
towards SE and NE directions especially in wards 12,
rivers Bichhiya and Renuka are acting as
14 and 15 along NH-75.
constraints for the development towards the
NE and SE direction of the town. (Wards 14 and
Availability of agricultural land in wards 12, 14, 7, 1
15).
provides an opportunity to establishment of the
Agro-basesd industries in the town

5.8
S. No.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Aspects

Issues

Strategies and Action Plan


Development of more growth/
commercial centres in the town,
eespecially in northern part (wards
1, 12) and eastern part (Ward 7) of
the town to promote equitable
growth throughout the town.
Encourage new planned
developments away from the core
area in all direction eespecially in
wards 1,7,14 and 15.
EWS and LIG housing
developments in the outer wards
of the town eespecially in wards 1,
7, 12, 13, 14 and 15.

1.

Spatial Growth

Linear growth pattern


Concentration of all the major
commercial establishments in
core area of the town in wards 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 and 11
Present growth is unidirectional
that is SW of the town from
ward no. 13 to ward no. 7

2.

Density Pattern

3.

Landuse
Distribution

High density (more than 100


person/Ha.) is concentrated in
core areas along the major roads
in wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9,10 and
11
Improper distribution of the land
use as core areas are as compact
development and on the end in

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The future growth can be


controlled through proper land
use zoning in the town which will
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


wards 14 and 15 it is scattered.

4.

Housing

Average household size is higher


5.35 which is bound to decrease
and lead to more housing
demand.

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results uniform development in all


direction of the town.
Future housing demand should be
met through the planned
development and private supply
by developers/individuals in wards
1, 7, 12, 13, 14 and 15.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

CHAPTER 6
Urban Infrastructure Services

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

6.
6.1

URBAN INFRASTRUCUTRE SERVICES


Introduction

The infrastructure of a town is one of the crucial considerations for towns economic development and
its investment climate. Infrastructure services and its adequacy require an assessment be made of its
coverage, quantity and quality, as also the demand supply gap. This chapter presents the existing status,
estimates the present and future gaps by the year 2035. It includes all the major sectors/aspects
including Water Supply; Sewerage and Sanitation; Solid Waste Management; Drainage; Urban
Transport; Community Facilities covered under both the Physical and the Social Infrastructure.

6.2

Physical Infrastrucutre

6.2.1 Water Supply


Sources of Water Supply
The water supply system in Gurh Nagar Parishad is
predominantly depending on surface and ground water.
The River Bichhiya and Renuka, passing through the
town and five tube wells scattered over various parts of
the town. The istalled capacity of the overhead tanks is
3.25 MLD and 1.25 in ward no 3 and 13 respectively.
There are around 23 open wells. And there are around
160 handpumps in the town.
The quality of water drawn from river is fairly good.
There is no detectable odour & taste and the color is
found to be turbid. The city encounters bit water
shortage during summers when Bichhiya and Renuka
River dries up.

Figure 6.1: Over Head Tank in ward 13

The current ground water level is at the depth of 70 to


80 feets.

Water Distribution System


The present water distribution system includes water
pipelines. There are 2 Over Head Tanks (OHT) in Gurh
with 3.25 lakh litre and 1.25 lakh litre capacity. Both are
in good working condition. 1 hour daily water is
supplied in the connected wards number 3 and 13.
Number of connections is 100. There is 6 public hand
pump provided by the parishad. There are three water
tankers in the Nagar Parishad. Ward no 15 is served by
water tanker during summer season.
To meet the present demand of water for town, water is
being supplied from dug well through pumps of
different capacity installed at nearby Bichhiya and
Renuka River. In addition, there are 5 Tube Wells is
distributed in various part of town through network
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Figure 6.2: Municipal water supply

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


pipeline connected with the major pipeline. The ward no. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have working
water supply network. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont have any water supply network.
Thus, the town get majority of water supply directly from these tube wells located in various part of
town without any treatment. The per capita supply is estimated under the existing supply system which
is very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd.

Other Sources
In addition to the main sources, a significant volume of ground water is also extracted through hand
pumps and wells installed at various locations.

Water Distribution Arrangements


The present water distribution system includes water pipelines system which is not sufficient. The water
distribution arrangement includes - two OHTs and hand pumps. The town get majority of water supply
through the network pipelines laid down in different part of the town. These network lines are linked
with main pipelines coming from the nine tube wells (located in various parts of the town). Water during
summer seasons or in emergencies and other occasions/functions are also supplied through Water
Tankers. Presently there are 2 Water Tankers with a capacity of 4500 liters with Nagar Parishad.
Table 6.2.1: Silent Feature of Water Supply System in Gurh
Description

Details

Sources of Water Supply

River Bichhiya and Renuka; Tube Wells and Hand


Pumps

No. of Tube Wells

9 Nos.

Description regarding Storage

Capacity in Lakh Liters

2 OHT

No. of Hand pumps

3.25 LL; 1.25 LL


160 Nos. (Municipal)
200 Nos. (Private) estimated

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad (GNP)

Internal Distribution Network


As far as the internal distribution network for water supply is concerned, the water pipelines have been
laid down mainly along the major roads side. Hand pumps and own wells & tube wells are the major
sources of water in these wards.
As per census 2001, out of total 2112 household, 61% of household have handpumps for water supply
followed by 34% through well and 4% from tubewell provided by Nagar Parishad.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

0%

1%

Tap
34%

Handpump
Tubewell
Well
61%

4%

Tank, Pond, Lake


River, Canal
Spring
Any other

Chart: 6-1 Distribution of Houses by Sources of Water (as per Census 2001)

20%

23%

Within Premises
Near Premises
Away
57%

Chart: 6-2 Distribution of Houses by Location

23% householdes have accesss to water within their premises and 57% have water supply sources near
their premises.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Map: 6-1 Existing and Proposed Water Supply Lines - Gurh

Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps


As per the provisional figures of census 2011 Gurh Nagar Parishad had a total population of 14590.
According to the existing system a large percentage of population is dependent on hand pumps, wells
and other sources for day to day need of water. As per the projected population the water demand has
been estimated till 2035.
Table 6.2.2: Projected Future demand Water Supply
Year

Projected Population

Projected Water
Demand
@ 135 lpcd (in MLD)

Present Water
Supply

Demand-Supply
Gap

2011

14590

1.97

0.97

2012
2013

14828
15070

2.00
2.03

1
1

1.00
1.03

2014
2015

15316
15567

2.07
2.10

1
1

1.07
1.10

2020

16838

2.27

1.27

2025

18212

2.46

1.46

2030

19699

2.66

1.66

2035

21308

2.88

1.88

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Table 6.2.3: Present and Future Requirement/Demand and Gap Assessment Water Supply
Years

Population

2011

14590

Projected
Water
Demand
@ 135 lpcd
(in MLD)
1.97

2012

14828

2013

Fire
Demand
(1%)
(MLD)

Industrial
Demand
(3%)

Considering
Losses (5%)

Total
Demand
(MLD)

Supply
Gaps
(MLD)

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.15

1.15

2.00

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.18

1.18

15070

2.03

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.22

1.22

2014

15316

2.07

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.25

1.25

2015

15567

2.10

0.02

0.06

0.11

2.29

1.29

2020

16838

2.27

0.02

0.07

0.11

2.48

1.48

2025

18212

2.46

0.02

0.07

0.12

2.68

1.68

2030

19699

2.66

0.03

0.08

0.13

2.90

1.90

2035

21308

2.88

0.03

0.09

0.14

3.14

2.14

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines


Note: The demand of water for firefighting, industries and losses has been assessed by taking % of water required,
calculated in table 6.3

Comparative Analysis with UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


Presently under the existing water supply system, the per capita supply of 21.20 liters per day is
estimated for town which is very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd
(UDPFI Guidelines). These figures however, represent only the production from all sources. Actual
quantity reaching the consumers is even lower as 21.20 lpcd due to high Unaccounted Water Flow
(UWF) of 15,000 liters per day. Thus, the water supply system in the town requires augmentation
schemes on urgent basis.
Table 6.2.4: Performance Indicators Water Supply
S.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Indicators
Daily per capita supply
Roads covered with distribution network

Unit
Liters
Percent

Current
Status

Normative Standard

21.20

135

Storage capacity with respect to current Percent


supply
Storage capacity with respect to proposed Percent
supply for the next fifteen year period.

0.00

100

0.00

100

Available treatment capacity with respect Percent


to supply
Assessment
covered
by
service Percent
connections
Proportion of non domestic service Percent
connection

0.00

100

10

85

>5

Source: Computed based on the data collected from Gurh Nagar Parishad

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Presence of enough natural sources of water like ponds


in wards 13 and 15 and two rivers Bichhiya and Renuka
covering almost all the wards from SW to NE direction
2 OHT (Capacity 3.5, 1.25 LL), 2 water tanks of capacity
4500 L, 9 tube wells, 360 handpumps and two rivers
shows the enough capability of the town in terms of
the water supply.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Water revenue demand can be enhanced through drive


of new house connection eespecially in wards 1, 7, 9,
14 and 15.
Water from the river can be treated and supplied to
conserve underground water.
Rain water harvesting can be introduced and can be
collected in the NW direction of the town in wards 1
and 7.

Water supply line without tap, resident filling

Around 20% of the water is lost during


distribution leakages in the tanks.
Connection is not there in all the wards
especially in ward no. 15, during summer
Nagar Parishad arranges water tankers to
supply there.

Direct injection of storm water and open


drainage carrying sewerage water
eespecially from wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10 and 11 into the rivers causing for the
contamination of the water as it is the
major source of drinking water.

Bore-well near the OHT, ward no. 13.

Their pots ward no. 8

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Over Head tank in ward no. 13.

Public Hand pump, ward no. 10

Issues

Water distribution system is old and has limited coverage. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont
have any water supply network.
Water during summer seasons or in emergencies and other occasions/functions are also
supplied through Water Tankers eespecially in wards 1, 14 and 15.
Contamination of water in the rivers Renuka and Bichhiya which are the major sources of water
due to the direct injection of drainage and storm water into the rivers.
All the existing are not utilised to its full potential due to leakage.
There is lack of technical/ skilled man power to handle the system.
The distribution system has limited coverage. Pipelines are mainly laid along the major roads, is
a major constraint in distributing water to the end user in internal areas.
There is a large scale of demand and supply gap, which is likely to be increase drastically in
future with respect to increase in population if no measures were taken to augment the water
supply system.
Per capita supply is low (21.20 lpcd) against the standard norm of 135 lpcd.
Ground water is main source of water supply which strains the ground water table.
The tariff collection efficiency of water charges is low.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes
Considering the above issues and challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been
identified in the following table. The water supply coverage and access to piped water supply in Gurh
Nagar Parishad needs to be enhanced to 100% by the year 2035. The per capita water supply should be
maintained as per the norm of 135 lpcd at an acceptable level by increasing hours of supply to 4-6 hours
a day by 2015, 8-10 hours daily by 2025 and subsequently achieve 24 hours water supply/day by 2035
promoting together the water storage facility at household level. There is an urgent need to lower the
non-revenue to 25% by the year 2015, 15% by 2025 and 10% by 2035 by implementing 100% consumer
metering system by 2015 and achieve 100% O & M cost recovery by the year 2035.

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Table 6.2.5: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years
S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

2025

2035

Network Coverage to Households

40%

100%

100%

Per Capita Supply as per norms (135 lpcd)

135

135

135

24/7 Water Supply

40%

100%

100%

Quality of Water

As per WHO As per WHO As per WHO


Standards
Standards
Standards

Non Revenue Water

25%

15%

5%

Consumer Metering

80%

100%

100%

Cost Recovery

100%

100%

100%

Roof Water Harvesting

40%

80%

100%

Private Sector Participation

10%

70%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan

Regarding the water supply, future demand for drinking water to town can be meet through
Amra Dam by linking Renuka River and development of check dams on Renuka River passing
through the town.
Gurh can also be linked to Ban Sagar Project through the Kwety Canal to meet the future
demand of drinking water.
Leakage detection studies; repair, replacement or rehabilitation of old/defunct system including
3 OHTs should be under taken to enhance the present water distribution system.
Extension of water pipeline to un-served/ internal areas, thereby ensuring 100% water supply
network coverage.
Implementation of 100% consumer metering system via monitoring and checkout illegal water
connections.
Awareness programme for judicious use of water, recycling and recharging to prevalent water
loss, thereby, encouraging Rain water harvesting at household level.
Tariff planning to make water supply as self sustaining project.
Use of recycled water for meeting agricultural and cooling demands.
Widespread investments in the water supply sector without sufficient attention to human
resource development results in poor sustainability of system. Recognizing the urgent need for
capacity building at different levels in water supply sector, GNP should propose to develop
human resources in their organization.
Detailed operation and maintenance programme.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Best Pactices
1

Macau Water Supply Consession, China

Macau Water Supply Concession (MWSC)


Background:
Macau, China has a total area of just under 21 square kilometers, which includes the Macau peninsular
and the islands of Taipa and Coloane. It is situated on the western edge of the delta formed by the Pearl
River Delta (Zhu Jiang) and the West River (Xi Jiang).
By the early 1980s, Macau, Chinas water supply had deteriorated to the extent that:
Unaccounted-for-water was at high levels and the water utility was operating at a loss.
Water quality was extremely poor with high salinity and turbidity. This was due to the poor quality of the
raw water drawn from the eastern tributary of the Pearl River, a treatment plant working at overload
capacity and a lack of scientific management and technology.
In 1982, Water supply in Macau, China has had Private Sector Participation. A private company took
over the operations of the Macau Water Supply Company, commonly known as Sociedad de
Abastecimento de Aguas de Macau (SAAM), in 1982. It initiated to work as replacing meters to increase
income. The company also put in place to improve utilitys management and financial systems. The basic
idea behind the replacement of water meters was to reduce the unaccounted-for-water from 40.3
percent in 1982 to 24.5 percent in 1984.
Key Activities Undertaken:
In addition to securing a new source of raw water, the concessionaire has undertaken an on-going
program of investments. These include:
Upgrading and extending water treatment plants.
Replacement of major pipelines.
Reservoir construction and post-chlorination stations.
Leakage detection activities and related investments.
Introduction of a computerized Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system.
Introduction of an automated water production control system.
On-going upgrading or replacement of meters.
Out Comes:
Within three years of signing the concession contract, Macau, Chinas water quality was brought up to
the European Union standard.
Macau, China citizens now receive consistently good quality potable water at a pressure and output that
meets all customers needs 24 hours. Designed water treatment capacity now exceeds maximum daily
demand by over 20 percent.
Unaccounted-for-water from leakages has also declined. The program of meter installation and repair
instigated by New World prior to the concession led to a dramatic reduction in unaccounted-for-water
from 40.3 percent in 1982 to 20.2 percent when the concession commenced in 1985.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Lesson Learned:
Public private partnership now playing a key role in the success of many infrastructural projects.
There is a positive two-way interaction or relationship between water supply improvements and
economic growth. A good quality water supply encourages, or at least facilitates growth in economic
activity.
The existence of a new high quality and abundant source of raw water helped contribute to Macau,
Chinas water supply achievements.

Public Private Partnership in water supply in Tirupur, Tamil Nadu

Public Private Partnership in water supply in Tirupur, Tamil Nadu (India)


The Context:
State Government has implemented the project on a commercial format on Public Private Partnership
basis along with IL&FS. AnMoU was signed between GoTN, IL&FS and Tirupur Exporters Association
(TEA) in August 1994, for formulation and development of the project and its implementation.
The project was the first integrated water supply proposed to be undertaken in India in the water sector
on PPP basis.
The scope of the project (the Project) covers the water and wastewater treatment components. The
project also includes provision of low cost sanitation facilities at 100 slums in Tirupur
Shortage of water supply and inadequate infrastructure for collection, treatment and disposal of
industrial / domestic wastewater were the major bottlenecks for the growth of the industries.
Achievements:
Formation of the NTADCL (New Tirupur Area Development Corporation Ltd.) upfront in the process
served as the platform for information exchange, resolution of conflicts and facilitated decision-making
in a transparent manner.
Innovative Insurance Application for Risk Mitigation
Improved Water Supply to Industries and Households
It is estimated that the project would also create employment for about 2 lakh people
Lesson Learned:
PPP has now playing a major role in infrastructural development projects.
A successful implementation of project needs an Innovative Financial Structuring & Insurance
Application for Risk Mitigation.

Low Cost Water Treatment Option


Water to be supplied for public use must be potable i.e., satisfactory for drinking purposes from the
standpoint of its chemical, physical and biological characteristics. Drinking water should, preferably, be
obtained from a source free from pollution. The raw water normally available from surface water
sources is, however, not directly suitable for drinking purposes. The objective of water treatment is to
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


produce safe and potable drinking water. Some of the common treatment processes used in the past
includes Plain sedimentation, Slow Sand filtration, and Rapid Sand filtration with Coagulationflocculation units as essential pretreatment units.

Rapid Sand Filtration


The rapid sand filter or rapid gravity filter is a type of filter used in water purification and is commonly
used in municipal drinking water facilities as part of a multiple-stage treatment system. Rapid sand
filters were widely used in small and large municipal water systems, because they required smaller land
areas compared to slow sand filters.

It comprises two chambers with the layers of sand and pebbles, these layers are responsible to
prevent physical impurities within it and soaked water through channels goes to one other
chamber.
In this chamber addition of alum and other chemicals like chlorine which cleans up the chemical
impurities.
After going through the filtration process it collects in the storage such as over head tank or
tanker through water channels.

Figure 6.3: A typical rapid sand filter water treatment with its components. The filter is contained
within a filter box, usually made of concrete. Inside the filter box are layers of filter media and gravel.
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Project Identification & Costing
With a vision to provide adequate amount of treated water to the projected population of 2035, the
following projects are identified to achieve the goal in the sector:
Table 6.2.6 Proposed work, Project cost and Implementing Agencies for Water Supply

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost (in


Lakh)

WS 1

Preparation of DPR for Water Supply System for


the entire town.

5.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P.


and GNP

WS 2

Replacement of present pipe line system in the


town. (3.3 km) 150 dia (cost @ Rs1471)

49.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 3

Extension of present distribution line to cover


the whole of the city (2.1KM) 150MM Dia (cost
@ Rs1471)

31.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 4

Construction of 4 OHT each of capacity 4 MLD


by 2035 in wards 2, 5 ,7 and 12

600.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 5

Construction of two Filtration Plant/ Water


Treatment Plant of capacity 2 MLD in ward
no.1, and 15.

500.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 6

Construction of intake well, pump house with


pumping machinery electrical in along with the
filteration plants indicated in WS-5.

300.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 7

Laying of 450 mm dia Pumping mains intake to


treatment plant

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 8

Laying of 350 mm Pumping main treatment


plant to Rest House

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 9

Laying of 250 mm Pumping main from rest


house to OHT

100.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 10

Water Metered Connection in all Dwelling Units


by 2035 (@ Rs. 150/connection)

32.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

WS 11

Training and Capacity Building of Staff

5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

Sub Total Cost (A)

Department

2022.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.2.2 Sewerage and Sanitation


Existing Sewerage System
Sewerage and sanitation has become a yardstick of socio-cultural development of the nation. Improved
sanitation results in improvement of health, reduced child mortality/ morbidity, improved water quality,
environment and economic growth of any city/town. Presently the town do not have underground
sewerage system to serve the about a population of 14590 residing in 15 wards. The sewage from
households and other commercial establishments flows along with storm water in common open
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drains, which is mainly governed by the topography and direction of slope in town. Taking 80% of the
present water supply as sewage, the current sewerage generation for town is approximately 1.57 MLD.

Means of Sewage Disposal


Sewerage and sanitation condition in the town is poor. The sewage disposal system in the town is mainly
consisting of individual disposal system that includes water closet, soak pits or pit type latrines, open
drains. Some residents also go for open defecation as they do not have any proper in-house sewage
disposal facility. Resident in old areas uses dry-latrines. New developments have individual septic tanks
for sewage disposal. The pour flush latrines and toilets blocks are usually connected to a septic tank and
then connected to drains or nala.
Therefore, the current practice indicates that the sewage flows through open channel, nala in town and
disposes into the River Bichhiya and Renuka. This is a cause of concern as there is a possibility of
underground or well water and river water contamination.

Household Toilets (Dry Latrines and Flush Latrines)


Sanitation condition in the town is poor. Only 14.38 % of the households have proper toiles and the rest
85.62 have no good toilet facility. But only 23.21% households have water closet latrines connected to
septic tank, 31.12% pit toilet and 45.66% has other toilet facility. Majority of households do not have
toilet facility within premises.

Distribution of Houses as per toilet Facility

14.38%

Toilet within house


No Toilet

85.62%

Chart: 6-3 Distribution of Houses as per availability of toilets

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Type of Toilets within Houses
23.21%

Other latrine

45.66%

Pit latrine

31.12%

Water closet

Chart: 6-4 Facility and Types of Latrines

Public Toilets
The Gurh Nagar Parishad is responsible for the provision of public toilets in town. But in Gurh there is
very less effort from the civic body in providing public toilets and public urinals. There are thre three
public toilets in the town with five seats in one and two with four seats. 60 toilets have direct outlets in
the drainage system and rest have septic tanks and soak pits. Ward nos. 1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14 and 15 have
neither public nor private toilets.

Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps


On the basis of projected population for 2035 and taking as 80% water supply comes out as sewage for
the same, the present and future demand and supply gaps for various components of Sewerage and
Sanitation Sector has been worked out for Gurh town in the table given below.
Table 6.2.7: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps Sewerage System
COMPONENTS

YEARS

Total Water Demand

2011
2.15

2012
2.18

2013
2.22

2014
2.25

2015
2.29

2020
2.48

2025
2.68

2030
2.90

2035
3.14

Gurh Sewage Generation

1.89

1.92

1.95

1.99

2.02

2.18

2.36

2.55

2.76

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Gaps

-1.89

-1.92

-1.95

-1.99

-2.02

-2.18

-2.36

-2.55

-2.76

STP capacity (in MLD)

2011
1.89

2012
1.92

2013
1.95

2014
1.99

2015
2.02

2020
2.18

2025
2.36

2030
2.55

2035
2.76

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.89

1.92

1.95

1.99

2.02

2.18

2.36

2.55

2.76

Existing Sewage
Collection

Gurh Sewage Generation


Existing Capacity of
Treatment Plant
Capacity of Treatment
Plant Demand

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Gaps

-1.89

-1.92

-1.95

-1.99

-2.02

-2.18

-2.36

-2.55

-2.76

Sewer Connection (in


Nos.)

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2918

2965

3014

3063

3113

3367

3642

3939

4261

-2918

-2965

-3014

-3063

-3113

-3367

-3642

-3939

-4261

Sewer Network (in Kms.)

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

Road Length Demand

16.01

16.53

17.07

17.63

18.20

21.16

24.60

28.60

33.24

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

16.01

16.53

17.07

17.63

18.20

21.16

24.60

28.60

33.24

-16.01

-16.53

-17.07

-17.63

-18.20

-21.16

-24.60

-28.60

-33.24

Existing Connections
Demand for Sewer
Connections
Gap

Existing Sewerage
Network
Sewerage Network
Demand
Gap

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines

As there is complete absence of underground Sewerage Network, the sewage flows through open drains
which ultimately flow into River Bichhiya and Renuka. There is no form of treatment before or after
disposal..

Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


As per CPHEEO manual and UDPFI guidelines wastewater generation is assumed as 80% of the water
supply rate i.e. 108 lpcd has been adopted.
UDPFI guidelines suggest small and medium towns may encourage to for adopting low cost sanitation
technologies with technical assistance from urban local bodies and involvement of NGOs in actual
implementation of such programmes. Low cost sanitation projects can be encouraged in Gurh as there is
no underground sewerage network and majority of households do not have in-house toilet facility. In
that context city investment plan has made provision for sewerage network and low cost sanitation.
Table 6.2.8: Performance Indicators Sewerage System

S. No.

Performance Indicator

Benchmark

Status

Coverage of Toilets

100%

24.30%

Coverage of Sewerage Network

100%

0%

Collection Efficiency of Sewerage Network

100%

0%

Adequacy of Sewerage Treatment Capacity

100%

0%

Quality of Sewage Treatment

100%

0%

Extent of Reuse and Recycling of Sewage

20%

0%

Extent of Cost Recovery in Wastewater Management

100%

0%

Efficiency in redressal of Customer Complaints

80%

0%

Efficiency in Collection of Sewage Water Charges

90%

0%

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Source: DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
Town has natural slopes towards north, so all the
drainage and sewerage lines can be direct in this
direction where it can be treated before inject
into the river Bichhiya and Renuka in wards 1, 7
and 14.

WEAKNESS
There is no underground sewerage system
throughout the town.
45.66% have neither public toilet nor privet toilet
facilities in wards 1, 4, 5, 9, 13, 14 and 15.
Absence of treatment plants.
The income prohibits urban poor to make capital
expenditure on development of toilet units and
their maintenance especially in wards with urban
poor in 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 and 9

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

There is scope for development of low cost


sanitation projects can be done in wards 7, 1, 2
and 14 due to slopes towards northern side.
The sewerage system in town needs to develop
with 60% sewer network coverage to households
by the year 2015 and 100% by 2025.

Sewage flows through open drains, channels &


nallas in populated area of the town (wards 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12) and disposes into the water
bodies (Bichhiya and Renuka rivers) which causes
for unhygienic and anaesthetic living condition in
the town.

Issues

Major portion of the total settlements that is 45.66% have neither public toilet nor privet toilet
facilities in wards 1, 4, 5, 9, 13, 14 and 15.
80% of the total water supply comes as sewage from the wards 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.
But there is no treatment plant.
There is absence of hygienic and safe method of sewerage disposal system.
The pour flush latrines and toilets blocks are usually connected to a septic tank and then
connected to drains, channels or nalas ultimately falling into the Bichhiya and Renuka River
causing contamination to the main sources of water supply.
Ground water contamination is a potential threat which will also affect the drinking water
quality as the underground water as on date is a major source of water supply system.
Unmaintained public urinals.
Town lacks public conveniences/ sanitation facilities such as - community or public toilet.
The service level cost recovery is going to be the major challenge for GNP as most of the
household are not will to pay for development and maintenance of facilities.
Wide spread practice of open defecation as about 74% of household does not have in-house
toilet facilities.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plans


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Goals and Service Outcomes
Considering the above issues and challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been
identified in the following table. The sewerage system in town needs to develop with 60% sewer
network coverage to households by the year 2015 and 100% by 2025. By the year 2015 80% waste water
should be treated followed by 100% by 2025. In addition to that, 60-70% O & M cost recovery will be
achieved by the year 2015 followed by 80-90% by 2025 and 100% by the year 2035.
Table 6.2.9: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years

S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

2025

2035

Decentralised waste treatmen and


disposal facility.

60%

100%

100%

Sewage Treatment and Disposal


Augmentation.

80%

100%

100%

Sewage Recycling and Reuse

Cost Recovery (as a % of O & M)

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

As per WHO
Standards

Safe Sanitation Facility (With Focus


on Urban Poor)

80%

100%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan


Considering the current issues, challenges and identified goals, a robust strategy for sewerage is
adopted to achieve 100% sewerage system. The following are the brief outline of the projects which
have to be taken up:
1. Low Cost Sanitation Projects:
Exploring the USAB Technology which requires less land and O&M Costs which are
minimal.
Government intervention should be emphasized in providing toilet facilities in urban poor
areas by developing community toilet blocks.
Sulabh Comples or public toilets near market places, bus stands area.
Community participation should be encouraged for designing, construction and
maintenance of public toilets.
Cost recovery through collection of well defined user charges.
2. Intercept all drains to flow in Bichhiya and Renuka River; including the river front
development & plantation on flood zone. (both sides of the Nala)
3. Comprehensive Sewerage Master Plan:
To meet the current gap and future requirements for Gurh town, it is proposed to carry
out detailed studies and prepare a comprehensive Sewerage Master Plan including
network lines and STP.
4. Sewerage Quality Studies and Monitoring:
The sewerage quality analysis needs to be undertaken. It is proposed to purchase latest
equipments to establish laboratories for analysis of chemical and heavy metals.
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5. Human Resource Development:
Widespread investment in the sewerage sector without sufficient attention to human
resource development results in poor sustainability of system. Recognizing the urgent
need for capacity building at different levels in sewerage sector, it is proposed to develop
human resource in their organization.

Project Identification & Costing


Presently there is no sewage disposal system in the city. The in-house sanitation is about 30% for the
city and is limited to many users. Therefore the future efforts should be made to have 100 percent
coverage on the sewerage sector to minimize the sanitation problem of the city. In this regards, the
following projects are identified:
Table 6.2.10 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Sewerage and Sanitation

Code No.

Projects proposed

SS 1

Preparation of DPR/Comprehensive Master Plan


for underground Sewerage System for entire
town
SS 2
Construction of DEWATS in each wards Rs 2000
per sq m of land underwet land. Each plant
need around 500 sp. m
SS 3
Construction of treatment plant support
electrical, mechanical equipments
SS 4
Construction of eco-toilets in slum areas and
public place. (Rs 15000 per toilet)
SS 5
Construction of 20 public urinals (@ Rs5000)
SS 6
Construction of individual toilet (Support in
terms f subsidies for 2072 units)
Sub Total Cost (B)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
3.05

Department
UADD, Govt. of M.P. and
GNP

150.00

Govt. of M.P

100.00

Govt. of M.P

54.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

1.00
103.60

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

411.65

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

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Best Practices
Box:: Slum Sanitation in Pune

Background:
Pune city, the educational and cultural capital of the State of
Maharashtra has a population of 28 lakhs, of whom about 40%
live in slums. There are 503 slum pockets, out of which only 348
are notified slums in the city. Pune Municipal Corporations have
Conservancy Departments whose duty it is to clean and
maintain toilet blocks in the city. Similar to other city, the
municipal staffs are not performing their duties including
construction and maintenance of toilets and city sanitation. Since
the local community does not have any control over the
sanitation staff, the latter do not respond to their concerns.
Since 1992, only 22 pay and use toilet blocks had been built in the city. In 1992, Municipal
Commissioner himself took initiatives and a massive programme of building toilets in slums through
community participation by giving contracts to non-governmental organizations (NGOs). There were 8
NGOs which were selected to carry out the first phase of the programme. First priority was given to
those settlements with a minimum population of 500 but had no toilet facilities
Key Components of the Project:
Construction: The Slum Sanitation Program was implemented in phased manner which are as follows;
Phase-1 (1999-2000): In the first phase, it was decided to construct 220 toilet blocks with about 3500
toilet seats through NGOs. The expenditure incurred on the first phase was Rs.22.5 crores.
Phase-11 (2000 -2001): On completion of the second phase (planned for another 220 blocks between),
more than 400 blocks or more than 10,000 toilet seats was supposed to be constructed at a cost of
more than Rs.40 crores and benefiting more than 5 lakh slum dwellers.
Maintenance: In the bid itself, a guarantee was also to be given that the NGOs and the community
would maintain the toilet block for 30 years by collecting contributions from the community. The
programme envisaged the collection of Rs.20 per family per month to fund the appointment of a
caretaker and for cleaning materials. The caretaker is to be accountable to the community and is
supervised by them.
Implementation: During construction, the Municipal Commissioner was himself holding a weekly
meeting to monitor the progress of the work with the highest priority and, as a result, people worked
day and night to complete the programme in a few months.
Lesson Learned: Slum dwellers are not expected to pay anything at all when they use the toilets, they
are expected to pay a general tax for the facilities they are given. However, even if public sanitation is
free, it is not of much use because it is hardly functional.
The relationship between the Corporation, NGOs and communities has been reconfigured. NGOs and
communities are not cast in the roles of clients or supplicants but rather are treated as partners by the
Corporation.
When grassroots democracy is in place, the accountability of institutions is ensured.

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Low Cost Waste Water Treatment

DEWATS | Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

Figure 6.4 Main DEWATS modules for physical and biological wastewater treatment:

DEWATS stands for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems. DEWATS represents a technical
approach rather than merely a technology package.
DEWATS applications are designed to be low-maintenance: most important parts of the system work
without technical energy inputs and cannot be switched off intentionally.
DEWATS applications provide state-of-the-art technology at affordable prices because all of the
materials used for construction are locally available.
o
o

DEWATS applications are designed to be low-maintenance.


DEWATS affordable prices because all of the materials used for construction are locally
available.
o DEWATS applications provide treatment for both domestic and industrial sources
o Systems can be designed to handle organic wastewater flows from 1-1000 m3 per day
o DEWATS applications do not require sophisticated maintenance
o DEWATS applications are designed with four basic technical treatment modules
o Primary treatment: sedimentation and floatation
o Secondary anaerobic treatment in fixed-bed reactors: baffled upstream reactors or anaerobic
filters
o Tertiary aerobic treatment in sub-surface flow filters
o Tertiary aerobic treatment in polishing ponds
DEWATS applications are designed and dimensioned in such a way that treated water meets
requirements stipulated in environmental laws and regulations.

Advantages of DEWATS technology:

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Provides treatment for domestic and industrial wastewater


Low initial investment costs as no imported materials or components are needed
Efficient treatment for daily wastewater flows of up to 1000m3
Modular design of all components
Tolerant towards inflow fluctuations
Reliable and long-lasting construction design
Low maintenance costs

DEWATS technology is an effective, efficient and affordable wastewater treatment solution for small
and medium sized towns. At locality level, this system is very efficient.

Figure 6.5 Use of the biogas genmerated from the DEWAT

Benefits of DEWATS
Establishment of multi-stakeholder networks to combat water pollution.
Increases implementation capacity on various levels.
Provides treatment for both, domestic and industrial wastewater at affordable price.
Fulfillment of discharge standards and compliance with environmental laws.
Wastewater pollution reduction by up to 90% from pre-DEWATS levels.
Provides treatment for wastewater flows up to 1000 m3 / day.
Reliable and long lasting applications.
Tolerant towards inflow and load fluctuation.
Materials/ inputs used for construction are locally available.
Minimal maintenance and long de-sludging intervals.
Low operation and maintenance costs.
Resource efficiency and non-dependence on energy.
Resource recovery through wastewater re-use and biogas generation.

Low Cost Sanitation Option

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These excreta-disposal systems offer different degrees of user convenience, protection against the
spread of diseases and water demand for their operation. They can be classified in several ways. A basic
classification is based on whether the waste is disposed of within the site or is transported somewhere
else. Under this classification, the technology is either on-site or off-site systems. On-site sanitation
systems include those in which safe disposal of excreta takes place on or near the plot or site of the
toilet.
Another way of classifying sanitation systems is through their application as either individual household
sanitation technologies or community sanitation technologies.
Sanitation is more or less a matter of personal habit and prestige. People will maintain properly if the
toilet is their personal property. In small towns the municipal body has neither a number of sanitary
staffs nor a good financial condition to appoint such staffs. We have planned for individual single/twin
pit flush toilets with septic tank as an option which can be modified to suit the economy of the users.

Pour flush latrines


In small town where people use water for toilet, pour flush latrines can be constructed. The squatting
slab can then be sited a metre or two away from the pit, to which it drains via a communication pipe.
The squatting plate and pit cover are easier to construct and are just as satisfactory.
To prevent smells rising from the pit a U-bend water seal can be incorporated but such seals are worse
than useless if they are not properly flushed; a close-fitting squat-hole cover can do the job just as well.
Raised footpads should be cast into the slab on each side of the squat hole and the surface of the slab
should slope towards it. Depending on the economy and requirement the single or twin pit latrine can
be adopted.

Figure 6.6: Pour flush single pit and twin pit toilet

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Septic Tanks
Septic tanks are comprised of a sealed tank having both an inlet and an outlet into which excreta are
flushed from a conventional cistern flush toilet or a pour-flush toilet. The tank acts as a settlement unit
in which solids settle out by gravity. The solids undergo a process of anaerobic decomposition which
results in the production of water, gases, sludge and a layer of floating scum.
The use of this system has the requirement for an in-house connection of water supply for the system to
operate.

Figure 6.7: Scematic diagram of septic tank


Properly designed and installed septic tanks can function for many years. Annual inspection to
determine sludge depth is desirable to prevent tank solids from overflowing and sealing the soil in the
drainfield. Minimize the amount of grease from the kitchen and garbage disposal solids going into septic
tank. Water conservation reduces the loading and saturation of the drainfield. To protect groundwater,
many areas increase lot size requirements to reduce septic tank densities. Septic tank permits may be
subject to additional restrictions in groundwater recharge areas.

Drainage System
Existing Drainage System
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from an area. At present
the town does not have a comprehensive and effective drainage system. Slope in the ward no. 2, 3, 4, 11
and 14 are towards east direction. Slope in the ward no. 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13 and 15 are towards west
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direction. The drainage condition survey in the town indicates that the drainage network in Gurh is open
and unorganized. 60% of the existing drains are made of stone masonary and 40% is RCC. And around
60% of the existing drains are in bad shape and need immediate planning and management
intervention. There is around 7.8km of drains in the town. Most of the drains do not have capacity to
flow the waste water as they are damaged and remain chocked due to presence of gray matter and
disposal of solid waste in it. This leads to un-channelized flow during the rainy season.

In ward 3 and 12, the waste water from adjoining


area spilled over the road and creates unhygienic
conditions during rainy season. The situation is
further aggravated in town due to lack of sewerage
system resulting in sewage flow in the storm water
drains which finally get discharged into the River
Bichhiya and Renuka and in agricultural lands.

Figure 6.8: Open and choked drain

Table 6.2.11: Length of Drains in Town


Ward No.

Length of Drains (in m)


Pucca

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Total

Kutcha
2500
1000
1000
1200
900
1200
1000
500
1000
950
1100
1000
1000
1500
4000
19850

0
0
0
0
0
0
200
0
0
300
0
0
0
500
300
1300

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad

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At present GNP is responsible for operation and maintenance of drainage system in the town. Major
portions of these drains require de-silting and repairs.

Map: 6-2 Existing and Proposed Drainage Map - Gurh

Major Water Bodies


River Bichhiya and Renuka is only the major water body in the town. Passing through the town, river
flows from west to east direction and divide the town in two parts. Apart from the river, there are two
ponds in the southern part of the town.

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Drains


The primary drains are majorly kutcha drains collecting the waste water from houses throughout the
town through secondary and tertiary drains and disposing into major water body i.e. River Bichhiya and
Renuka.

Flood-Prone Areas
As the River Bichhiya and Renuka passes through the town, all the low lying areas in ward nos. 5, 7 and
13 are flood prone areas of town. In 1997, these wards were badly affected by flood.

Flooding in Catchment Area of Major Nallahs


In the catchment areas of these nallahs, due to lack of sewerage system most of the sewage flow in the
storm water drains. This, together with damaged and chocked drains due to the presence of gray mater,
solid waste disposal leads to un-channelized flow during the rainy season. Thus, the whole town faces
problem of flooding and spillover of waste water during the monsoon season causes various diseases.
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Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps
Table 6.2.12: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps for Drainage System
Project Components/ Service Unit
Drains construction is needed

Ward No.
In all the wards as they do not have sufficient drainage
network and mainly in ward no. 10 where no drains is
there of any form.

Source: DMG Assessment

Channelization of nallahs and primary & secondary drains are required.


A fresh drainage system is required in parishad.
Construction of new drains and converting the open ones to closed type.

Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


There are no particular quantitative features in the standards laid out in UDPFI guidelines. But generally,
the storm water drainage should be laid along the road to carry the surface run off and maximum pucca
nallahs should be there for the drainage purpose.

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
Favourable natural slope towards north to NE
direction (in wards 1, 7) for development of
drainage system which will also help in cost
reduction.

OPPORTUNITY

WEAKNESS
Absence of proper and adequate drainage system
throughout the town.
Most of the pucca drains are damaged and open
and also reduction in flow capacity due to
insufficient cleaning and maintenance in wards 4,
6, 7, 8 and 9
THREAT

Availability of land for the development of waste Flooding and spill over of waste water during the
water treatment plant and storage tank along the
monsoon season especially in wards 1, 2, 3 and 7
northern side of the town especially in wards 1, Contamination of river and ground water which is
and 14 due to presence of slope.
the major sources of water supply in the town.
Rainwater harvesting in wards 1, 7, 14 and 15 for
agricultural lands in the town.

Issues

Inadequate drainage system with poor maintenance causes for water logging and unhygienic
scenario in the town.
In ward 3 and 12, the waste water from adjoining area spilled over the road and creates
unhygienic conditions during rainy season.

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Disposal of solid waste in drains has reduced the flow capacity of drains eespecially in populated
areas of wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11.
Lack of a comprehensive and effective drainage system and facility of treatment plant.
Secondary and tertiary drains are linked with primary drains i.e. nallahs causes mixing of waste
water including sewage directly with the river water. This further aggravated the problem of
pollution to a potential source of water supply to town.
Damaged and chocked drains lead to problem flooding and overspilling in internal areas and in
low lying areas of towns.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes
To enhance the coverage of storm water drains, following goals have been indentified for different
horizon years.
Table 6.2.13: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years
S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

2025

2035

Strom Water Drainage Network Coverage

80%

100%

100%

Rehabilitation of Existing Pucca Drains

100%

100%

100%

Rehabilitation of Existing Primary Nallahs 100%


and Water Bodies

100%

100%

Flood Prone Areas

100%

100%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan


In order to address the above discussed issues and achieve the above outcomes in each of the
components of drainage system, strategies for improvement are elaborated below:
1. Preparation of Master Plan/ Detailed Project Report:
The drains are inadequate to carry the waste water as they are not systematically designed and
are damaged in some sections. A significant reduction in depth and width are noticed due to
encroachment. To overcome the situation with 100% Storm Water Drainage Network in town it
is proposed that GNP should prepare a Master Plan/ Detailed Project Report (DPR) for development of
100% Storm Water Drainage Network as per the standards by
o Laying new pacca drainage network in all wards where no drainage is available all
along the roads.
o Providing drainage system in flood prone areas.
o Widening & deepening of existing drains of town..
This will also ensure the Institutional strengthening, human resources development
leading to overall capacity building including assets required for the operation and
maintenance of drains.
2. Drains Rehabilitation and Improvement Programme: The programme would aim at the
following so that to channelize the flow and minimize the localized flooding and overspilling:

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Regular Cleaning of Drains removal of garbage and gray matter to ensure natural flow
of drains.
De-silting, lining and repair of drains.
Removal of encroachment along drains.
Educating people for minimization of sewage and domestic waste discharge into drains.
Construction of side walls to confirm to uniform cross-section in built up areas.
3. Rehabilitation of Primary Nallah/ Drains and Water Bodies:
Trapping of nallahs
Converting the Kutcha Nallahs to pucca one by De-silting, lining and constructing side
walls.
Regular Cleaning of Drains removal of garbage and gray matter to ensure natural flow
of nallahs.
Protection of environmental resources such as - open spaces, water bodies i.e. River
Bichhiya and Renuka should be carried out in co-ordinated way.

Project Identification & Costing


Presently the coverage of the storm water drainage is poor in the city. So the following projects are
identified to minimize the adverse effect of the bad drainage system in the city.
Table 6.2.14 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Storm Water Drainage

Code No.

Projects proposed

D1

Preparation of DPR for Storm Water Drainage


System for entire town
D2
Construction of new storm water drainage
network to cover the whole town (3 kms.)
(@Rs44 lakh/km)
D3
Converting the Kutcha Nallahs to pucca one by
De-silting, lining and constructing side walls.
3.5km (@Rs 20 lakh/km)
Sub Total Cost (D)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
1.9

Department

120.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P. and


GNP
Govt. of M.P

70.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

191.90

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.2.3 Solid Waste Management


Solid Waste Generation
The solid waste management in the town is done by the Nagar Parishad. They have one tractor and two
trollies for the collection and transportation of the solid waste. The Nagar parishad has a dumping
ground of two acre area. The average total generation of the solid waste is around one ton. The average
solid waste generation in the town is low i.e., 204.13 grams per capita per day, which is relatively less
than the standards considered in CPHEEO Manual for small towns of 250 gm per capita per day. This is
because of town basic character which is in transitional phase of rural to semi-urban. Seven containers
and dustbins provided in the town.

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Table 6.2.15: Ward Wise Municipal Solid Waste Generation Gurh Town
Ward No.

Total Population

Solid Waste Generation


(in KG, 250 G per capita)
(in MT/Day)

929

232.25

0.23225

696

174

0.174

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Total

846
843
792
890
1107
1033
1140
1003
805
832
1087
1302
1285
14590

211.5
210.75
198
222.5
276.75
258.25
285
250.75
201.25
208
271.75
325.5
321.25
3647.5

0.2115
0.21075
0.198
0.2225
0.27675
0.25825
0.285
0.25075
0.20125
0.208
0.27175
0.3255
0.32125
3.6475

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad, 2011

Constituent of Municipal Waste


There is no information available on constitution of municipal solid waste as such from GNP. But after
the discussion with official of GNP and their perception, waste generated in town includes - vegetable
and fruit market waste, paper, polythene, packing materials, glass, metal iron crap; aluminum crap,
domestic animal excreta, ash from Chula indicating that the most of the quantity of waste generated is
organic in nature comes from residential and commercial uses.

Current Practice of Solid Waste Management


Primary and Secondary Collection
Presently there is no Door-to-Door solid waste collection system from the individual households and
other establishments as primary collection. The solid waste generated from residential, commercial,
institutional areas are thrown in bins or in open spaces along the road sides together with daily waste
generated from street sweeping and weekly from drainage cleaning (Wastes which is thrown on the
roads and in drains is collected in heaps along road sides). These wastes finally get collected by 6 no.
sanitary workers through four trollies. The collection efficiency of these wastes is very low. Municipal
wastes from core areas of town including bus stand, commercial & mandi and from wards no. 4 to 13
gets collected on daily basis and once in a week grom ward no. 1, 2 and 3, while in periphery areas like
ward no 14 and 15, waste is collected once/twice in a month depending on situation. There is no area
or site designated for disposal of municipal wastes. Wastes collected from the all the sources whether it
is domestic, commercial or institutional are dumped at various illegal dumping sites in low-lying areas
along the river side near the old bridge and in outskirts of town.

Waste Storage and Segregation


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Presently municipal waste is being collected from all wards, but none of these wards have Door-to-Door
collection and waste generation practices. Segregation of waste, both at sources level (primary
collection) and at secondary level is not in practice. For the storage of waste dustbins are provided at
some places. Wastes generated from all the sources are disposed mainly in open spaces along the road
side with wastes from street sweeping and drainage cleaning throughout the town except in some
areas.
Primary collection system is necessary to ensure that waste stored and segregated at source is
collected regularly and it is not disposed on the streets, drains, water bodies etc. However, step has to
synchronize well with the first step i.e. storage of waste at source.

Processing and Disposal


There is no prevailing mechanism in the town for processing or disposal of waste. As the wastes are not
segregated, there is no processing of the collected wastes. There is no provision of incineration facilities
for hospital wastes. There is no area or site is designated for scientific disposal of Municipal Solid
Wastes. All types of wastes whether it is hospital waste or household waste are disposed or dumped all
together at various illegal dumping sites in low-lying areas along the river side near the old bridge and in
outskirts of town.

Resuse and Recycling


Basically the metals and plastics are collected by the slum dweller, which provides as source of income
for them. It is further marketed by scrap dealers. Waste materials like metals and plastics are
transported to nearby cities like Satna, Rewa, Jabalpur for further recycle and use.

Vehicles for Solid Waste Collection and Transportation


For proper solid waste management, suitable equipment in sufficient number is necessary for handling,
lifting, and transportations. Loading and unloading of municipal solid waste is done manually and waste
is transported through thela or tricycle pulled by sanitary worker. GNP also has one tractor with a trolley
but is not in working condition. However, the GNP is not properly equipped with solid waste handling
and transportation equipments. The equipment available with GNP for S.W.M. in town is listed below:
Table 6.2.16: List of Vehicles and Equipments available with GNP for Solid Waste Collection &
Transportation
S. No.

Vehicle and Equipment

Numbers

Tractor

Trolley

Dust Bins

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad, 2011

Estimation of Waste Collection


Since the GNP is not properly equipped with latest solid waste handling and transporting equipments,
the waste is collected and transported manually through hand pull cart and tricycles. Therefore, the
waste collection efficiency is very low. As per the consecutive discussions with officials of GNP and based
on the strength of sanitary workers and equipment available to them, it is been estimated that out of
total waste generated (29.18 Qt) only 34% (10 Qt) of waste is been collected on daily basis in Gurh town.
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Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps
On the basis of waste generated by per capita per day, the projected waste generated by 2035 has been
worked out at 2.3 MT/Day. As stated earlier, at present the total waste generation in town is about 0.1
MT/Day. As such, the waste treatment facility must be put in place to handle the large volume of waste
disposal.
Table 6.2.17: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps of Waste Collection Gurh Town
Years

Total
Population

Standard as per
UDPFI Guidelines
(Grams/Person)

Waste Generaion
(MT/Day)

Waste
Collection
(MT/Day)

Gaps

(MT/Day)
2011

14590

250

3.65

2.65

2012

14828

250

3.71

2.71

2013

15070

250

3.77

2.77

2014

15316

250

3.83

2.83

2015

15567

250

3.89

2.89

2020

16838

250

4.21

3.21

2025

18212

250

4.55

3.55

2030

19699

250

4.92

3.92

2035

21308

250

5.33

4.33

Source: DMG Assessment as per Population Projection and UDPFI Guidelines


*Present Situation of town

Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


As per the data provided by the GNP, the total waste generation in the town is about 0.1 MT/Day. This is
because of town basic character which is in transitional phase of rural to semi-urban. The following table
provides the comparative analysis with UDPFI and CPHEEO guidelines:
Table 6.2.18: Performance Indicators Solid Waste Management
S. No.

Indicators

Units

Current Status

Normative Standard

1.

Waste Generation per Capita per day

Grams

14.45

250

2.

Waste Collection Efficiency

Percent

34

100

3.

Door-to-Door
Efficiency

Collection Percent

Nil

100

Waste

Source: DMG Assessment based on the Data Collected from GNP

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
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Availability of land for development of sanitary
land fill site eespecially in low lying areas of wards
1, 7 and 14.
Enough biodegradable part is solid waste for
vermi composting and bio-gas generation plan
can be set up in wards 1,7,14 and 15.

Door-to-Door waste collection system missing and


low collection efficiency that is 34% of the total
solid waste produced in the town.
Segregation of waste is not in practice, neither at
primary collection level nor at final disposal level.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Wards 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 are low lying flood prone


areas so there is a scope of sanitary land filling
strategy instead of simple dumping
Training and capacity building to encourage
people to adopt the techniques to minimize
existing flaws within the town.
Biodegradable waste generated in the town
generates a scope to construct the Bio-gas plants
eespecially in wards 2, 3, 7 and 12.

Waste is being disposed off in low lying areas


along the rivers in wards 1, 3, 5 and 7.
Location of the existing dumping site in ward no.
13 near the residential and commercial areas
(wards 4, 6, 8, 9, 10) along NH-75.

Issues
1. The present waste generation is 3.65 MT per day which will be increased to 5.34 MT by 2035
considering the population growth
2. Total waste generated (29.18 Qt) only 34% (10 Qt) of waste is been collected on daily basis in the
town.
3. Gurh Nagar Parishad does not in compliance with MSW handling rules, 2000.
Town has not adopted Door-to-Door Collection system and segregation of wastes at source
level.
Lack of dhalows and bins for storage of waste at primary level. Limited no. of bins is provided
at some places.
Inadequacy of man power and modest equipments (including vehicle for transportation) with
GNP for Solid Waste Management from collection to its final disposal.
At present town does not have any designated sanitary land fill site as per the normative
standard.
4. Dumping on ward no 13 near to the commercial and residential area (8.9.10) along the NH-75
creates an unhygienic and anaesthetic condition in the town.
5. Lack of capital/funds with GNP for the development of SWM facilities.
6. Door to door solid waste collection is not practicing.
7. There is no landfill site in and around the town. The nagar Parishad was decide to make a landfill
site near the hill area. Till yet the work is not started.
8. Waste collected by sanitary worker is been disposed of in low lying areas of town including river
sides near old bridge further leading to contamination or pollution of river water which is one of
the major source of water supply for the town.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes

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The local body should effectively involve the private sector in delivering the solid waste management
services. The rationale for private sector participation includes attracting project funding, new
technology, cost saving and service delivery improvements.
Table 6.2.19: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years
S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

2025

2035

Door-to-Door Collection System

80%

100%

100%

Source Segregation

100%

100%

100%

Improve Waste Collection Efficiency

100%

100%

100%

Mechanized Waste Handling

Partial

Full

Full

Scientific Waste Disposal

Partial

Full

Full

Landfill Site Adequacy

Partial

Full

Full

Cost Recovery O & M

80%

100%

100%

Private Sector Participation

70%

100%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan


In order to achieve the above outcomes, and to address the above discussed issues in each of the solid
waste management components, strategies for improvement are elaborated below:
1. Segregation of Waste at Sources:
Highest priority has to be accorded for storage, segregation and of waste at sources
irrespective of the area of generation so as to facilitate an organized and environmentally
acceptable waste management measures.
A number of campaigns/ community awareness programmes should be organized for
introducing segregation of wastes at sources.
Segregation of hazardous wastes like bio-medical waste, bio degradable waste etc.
2. Primary Collection of Wastes: The following measures have been recommended for improving
the primary collection practices of Gurh.
Formation of wad committees for primary collection and management of the solid waste
and cleaniliness in the town.
Phased implementation of Door-to-Door collection system through community
organizations on PPP basis by mobilizing, facilitating, organizing and supporting community
activities with the help of local NGOs.
Encourage performance based incentives to enhance efficiency and output.
Installation of Community Storage Bins in all areas where house-house collection cannot be
implemented.
Voluntary Garbage Disposal Scheme should be introduced for number of restaurants/
hotels and commercial establishments.
Placement of containers or bins sufficient in size and no. at markets for ensuring that all the
vendors place the waste in containers.

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Bio-medical wastes and other hazardous wastes to be segregated and collected from
municipal solid wastes for separate incineration as per the guidelines of Ministry of
Environment and Forest 1998 and 1989 respectively.
Cost recovery through collection of well defined user charges.

Manual waste handling operation should be minimized. Primary collection system should be
initiated by introducing Multi-bin-carts, semi mechanized systems like refuse collectors.
Separate collection vehicles should collect the non-bio-degradable waste stored in separate
bins. Thus, Primary collection should cover all areas of the town with even innovative but safe
transporting arrangements as per the MSW handling rules 2000.
3. Secondary Waste Collection and Transportation: At present, the GNP has inadequate no. of
sanitary workers and equipments for loading, unloading and transportation vehicles (including
bins) for secondary collection and transportation of wastes. Therefore, it is recommended that GNP should involving private sector participation in secondary collection, transportation
and treatment of MSW facilities.
GNP should purchase sufficient no. of modest equipments including vehicles - such as
loader, unloader, hydraulic closed truck/waste carrier for transportation and disposal of
waste.
Construction or demolition wastes / debris to be separately collected and disposed off in
separate landfill site for future use.
GNP should prepare a Detailed Project Report (DPR) for Municipal Solid Waste
Management for town, ensuring the quantity and quality of required modest equipments,
techniques and vehicles for collecting, processing and transporting MSW. This will also
ensure the Institutional strengthening, human resources development leading to overall
capacity building.
4. Processing and Disposal: The characteristics and quality of solid waste generated in the city
primarily influence the disposal options. Considering these aspects, it is recommended to
develop a landfill site for safe disposal of solid waste. The disposal strategy for Gurh town for
short term at town level will be Compost the organic fraction of the waste.
Encourage aerobic vermin composting at local level.
Sanitary land filling of inorganic fraction of waste and the compost rejects.
Educating the community on 4R strategy (Reuse, Recover, Recycle and Reduce) that can
help ease pressure on compost sites and affords resource recovery.
For the long term, it is further proposed that, Development of Scietific the Gurh Nagar Parishad
should co-ordinate with State Government for clustering in regional engineered landfill site for
waste disposal involving other neighbouring ULBs. This also ensures the scale and viability to
the private partnership mode.
5. Improved Sanitory Landfill Method:
Sanitary landfill, method of controlled disposal of municipal solid waste (refuse) on land.
Waste is deposited in thin layers (up to 1 metre, or 3 feet) and promptly compacted by
heavy machinery (e.g., bulldozers); several layers are placed and compacted on top of each
other to form a refuse cell (up to 3 metres, or 10 feet, thick).
At the end of each day the compacted refuse cell is covered with a layer of
compacted soil to prevent odors and windblown debris.

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When the landfill is completed, it is capped with a layer of clay or a synthetic liner in order
to prevent water from entering.
A final topsoil cover is placed, compacted, and graded, and various forms of vegetation may
be planted in order to reclaim otherwise useless lande.g., to fill to levels convenient for
building parks or other suitable public projects.

Cross Section of Sanitary Landfill


Best Practices
Box: Solid waste Management in Surat
Background:
The Surat city is largely recognized for its textile and diamond businesses. Surat is also known for a
complete transformation from one of the filthiest cities to one of the cleanest cities in the country. In
September 1994, the city faced an unprecedented crisis when the killer disease PLAGUE broke out in
the city. However, in May 1995, a new programme was launched by Surat Municipal Corporation
(SMC) to clean the city through waste management. The programme created an enormous impact on
the cleanliness, which resulted in a significant improvement in the health status and quality of living
environment. So much so that Surats image was transformed from one of the filthiest to the second
cleanest city in the country.
Key Components of the program
The SMC adopted multi-pronged strategies to achieve the programme goals, include:

Streamlining of functional, administrative, financial and technological aspects within SMC;


Awareness creation and capacity building of the municipal staff and city population, eespecially
weaker section;
Inviting private sector participation in garbage management;
Introduction of a very well orchestrated garbage removal and disposal schedule;
Educating the public and issuing of instruction for the correct way of garbage disposal.

Private Sector Participation:

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Involving Private sector on a temporary basis during the plague
epidemic to cleanse the filth and remove dead carcasses accumulated
in the water-logged areas. It was also strengthened and regulated in
the post-plague period in (i) hiring of private vehicles with driver for
garbage collection, ii) contracting out cleaning of certain roads and iii)
employing private sweepers for transporting municipal refuse from
collection points to disposal sites.
Private contractors, at present, handle almost 40 per cent of the solid
waste generated in the city everyday. However, private contractors
work under strict supervision of the municipal staff and penalties are imposed on them for not
performing their assigned work.
Enforcing Sanitation standard
The SMC started to enforce strict hygiene and sanitation standards in eating houses, sweetshops, fruit,
and vegetable shops.
Levy of fines for littering of the public places was instituted. Under this system, the grievances were
categorized. For ensuring feedback, a Reply Card system has been introduced.
A Public Health Mapping exercise was initiated in 1995 by the city government, with a major focus on
preventive and promotive health care.
Streamlining the function of the SMC
The administrative setup for solid waste management was modified and the six zones were sub-divided
into 52 sanitary districts for better waste collection efficiency.
A daily monitoring system was introduced. At the macro-level, the entire administrative and financial
management system of Surat Municipal Corporation was revamped.
A network of about 274 surveillance centres, 90 percent of which are located in slums. This network
includes two municipal hospitals, health centres, major private hospitals and private medical
practitioner.
Impact
The programme has created tangible impact on cleanliness, living environment and awareness level
leading to significant improvement in the mortality and morbidity. A partnership approach between
public and private sector, citizens and community is slowly emerging.
Lesson Learned:
Decentralize governance can play a vital role for the decision making and good governance.
Micro- planning is a very necessary tool for the plan implementation.
Public support facilitates innovations in urban environment management.
Political will is extremely important for successful public policy changes.
Media support plays a dominant role in the creation of public awareness and acceptance of change.

Project Identification & Costing

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Presently there is lack of infrastructure and capital cost for solid waste management in the city. So the
following projects are identified to achieve the future goals for solid waste management in the city
would be:
Table 6.2.20 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Solid Waste Management

Code No.

Projects proposed

SWM 1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report for


Municipal Solid Waste Management for entire
town.
SWM 2
Construction maintainance of Sanitary Landfill
Site with other infrastructure facility in ward no.
14 (@Rs1000/ton of waste) exclusive of land
cost
SWM 3
Providing equipments and machines to support
the SWM system
SWM 4
Enhancing the capacity of municipality by
providing Transportation vehicles (2) ,
Container (30) and & Handcart (10)
Sub Total Cost (C)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Department

5.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P. and


GNP

136

Gurh Nagar Parishad

30.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

75.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

246.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.2.4 Traffic and Transportation


Background
Urban economy is seen to improve with urban transport infrastructure. Roads and circulation is an
important factor for the growth and development of the town. The objective of the studying town level
transportation is to understand and analyze
the present level travel scenario of the town
and to focus on existing potentials and scope
of development.

Existing Traffic and Transportation


Scenario
Traffic on the roads has been one of the key
transportation problems of any growing town
or city. The Gurh town is no exception to this.
Investigation into the existing traffic scenario
of the town provides insights on how well the
local government (Gurh Nagar Parishad) and
other agencies (PWD and NHAI) are coping
with and managing the growing population
and increased economic activities.

Figure 6.9: Bus Stand in Gurh


The link between transportation and the development of Gurh town is strong and interesting. It is
because the Gurh, a class - IV town with a population of about 14590 as per 2011 Census town is
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predominantly developed at a strategic location near the state border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar
Pradesh and NH-75 passes through the town. Inevitably, this is also the same reason why the town is
facing heavy traffic and other transportation problems.
The town can only be reached by road since there is no direct railway connectivity to the town. The
nearest one is 23 km away at Rewa. As such, the roads (NH-75)is important to town as provide service to
a number of buses, trucks and other forms of land vehicles for domestic and commercial purposes.
Additionally, as agriculture is a major economy of Gurh, and NH-75 passes through the town, a
considerable number of trucks carrying agricultural crops.
The public transport is basically buses and jeeps. There is around 60 buses plying through the town and
around 30 jeeps.

Agencies in Traffic and Transportation


The traffic system is regulated under the Rewa District Office of Madhya Pradesh Transport Department.
There is only a few inter city bus services and there is no other mode of public transport in the town.
There is no any intra-town public transport option.

The inter city public transport system for the town can be categorize into two parts i.e. State
Carriage and Private Carriage. State carriage includes buses by the State Government with fixed
routes and fare. The Private Carriage in under purely private domain and includes buses, jeeps,
matadors etc. operated by private operators.
At present there is no intra city public transport system exists in Gurh. As the town is a very
small town all the important places such as major commercial and market areas, bus stands,
hospitals etc. are in the vicinity. Most of the local people generally use cycle, scooter,
motorcycle and walking etc. as mode of travel for short trips or intra zone trips.

Travel Characteristics
The travel characteristic of a town generally depends on the social status of citizens, types and location
of economic activities which give rise to diverse traffic modes. The predominant mode of travel in town
is cycles followed by motorized vehicles such as two- wheeler (Scooter & Motorcycle) and private
transport which includes Three Wheelers (4-5 nos.), four wheelers (Tempo, Matadoors, Jeeps, cars
etc.) about 50 in nos. A town in semi-urban in nature all the important place are in vicinity. Thus, only
major working population uses their own means of transport such as cycles, scooters, motorcycle and
cars etc. for their workplace and other places for day to day needs. Rest of the population prefers to
walk for various purposes. Additionaly, there are other large and small commercial vehicles coming from
the adjoining areas for the commercial purpose to the market or commercial areas of the town.

Public Transport/Mass Transit


State-transport as well as privately owned buses runs throughout Madhya Pradesh. Options in the form
of local buses, semi-deluxe buses, deluxe buses etc. are available for commuting from one city/town to
the other city/town. Most of these buses run on daily basis. Private Jeeps and Matadors apart from
buses also offer services from one town to the other of shorter distance. As far as the public transport
facility within the town is concerned there is no formal public transport system exists in town. As the
town is very small and is in transformation stage from semi-urban to urban, the population is very low.
The major working class population uses their own vehicles cycle, scooter, motorcycle for commuting
in the town. There are few shared auto rickshaw and matadors etc. operated by private operators which
caters the population residing in nearby villages.

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Traffic Management and Circulation
The Gurh Nagar Parishad is responsible for development and maintenance of street network (City
Roads), traffic management and circulation system, public transportation system, control of IPT,
development of parking spaces etc.
1. National Highways: This category includes the NH 75 (accounting for 3.77 km of road length of
town) connecting to Rewa. The NHAI is responsible for design and O&M of National Highway in
the town.
2. City Road: The category includes the all local roads at ward level and main road.
i) Total Pucca Road length
= 11.7km
ii) Motorable Road Length
= 9.7km
iii) Non-Motorable Road Length
= 5.8
Ward wise breakup of the above discussed road length and its indicators are shown in below in table
6.21. The town has overall per capita road length 1.86 meters and a road density of 10.68 km per sq. km.
Proper road width and spacing are important in reducing traffic on roads. Unfortunately many of the
important roads in town have become so narrow to facilitate the increasing flow of vehicles. The
unauthorized encroachment along both the sides of roads has covered all the available shoulders
thereby reducing ROW from 20m to 6m further decreased the carrying capacity of roads.

Map: 6-3 Road Network of Gurh Town


The overall condition of these existing roads is not good having pot holes in many places, no proper
drainage, no road furniture for guidance of movers etc. On the contrary, the electric poles situated on
both side of the roads at some places does not permit the traffic to use shoulders and further reduces
effective width of road.

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At present both the sides of road is full of ribbon development. However, with increasing concentration
of activities in and around the core area of the town, pressure of traffic is increasing on all the major
roads of the town.
Informal shops are located in the core area of the town also one of the traffic generating centers of the
town since major administrative and commercial activities take place in this area.

Core Area of the Town


The core area of the town are predominately consisting of narrow roads due to irregular vehicle
parking; encroachment by informal shops, thela; vegetable and fruit market; presence of
important centers etc. This leads to traffic congestion or regular basis.
Accident Zones
Accident zones are those areas where collisions, ramming and hit-and-run mishaps usually take
place. The heavy and speedy traffic flow on NH, informal commercial developments, unavailability
of transport nagar and unavailability organized parking spaces etc. has increases the possibilities
of accidents in the town. The junctions on national Highway-75 are the most prominent accident
zones in the town due to the heavy and speedy traffic flow.

Inter-City Bus Transport


The transit service to public for state capitals is no different than any other city transit, whether its a
metro or a small city. For smaller towns in Madhya Pradesh it differs in terms of the provider and the
type of facility or bus frequency available to the passengers.
The inter-city bus facility covers almost all the important centers within the district as well as other
surrounding districts. This is provided wither by the state corporations buses or by private operators.
Madhya Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation provides transit services to the passenger. It runs
regular services intercity services and interstate services connecting to the neighbouring states with
fixed routes and fares.
The Private Carriage in under purely private domain and includes buses, jeeps, matadors etc. operated
by private operators. The major routes for plying vehicles by private operators includes: GurhRewa,
Gurh-Satna, Gurh-Govindgarh, Gurh-Sidhi and Gurh-Mauganj.

Intermediate Public Transport


At present Gurh town does not have any Intermediate Public Transport System (IPTs) which serve the
citizen of town. As the town is a very small town all the important places such as major commercial and
market areas, bus stands, hospitals etc. are in the vicinity. Most of the local people generally use cycle,
scooter, motorcycle and walking etc. as mode of travel for short trips or intra zone trips. Shared threewheelers auto-rickshaws, four wheelers such as jeeps, matadors and other such vehicles are often found
in the town as public transport providing point-to-point services to the people commuting from the
nearby villages for shopping and other purpose.

Parking Requirement
There is no provision have been made for organized on-street parking and off-street parking at major
commercial centers of the town. Most of the core market area of the town is characterized by narrow
roads with slow moving traffic. Unorganized on-street parking and informal shops leads to
encroachment on the ROW and absence of footpath force the pedestrians to walk on the carriageway.

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Thus, the capacity of the road is further reduced resulting in conflict between pedestrians and vehicular
traffic. Therefore, there is urgent need/requirement of authorized parking as per the standards for
major commercial areas and in other important areas such as along NH-75, institutional areas etc. of the
town.

Comparative Analysis with UDPFI and Other Guidelines


The above demand and supply are calculated as per the manual of Indian Road Congress and service
level benchmarking for Urban Transport issued by Ministry of Urban Development, Government of
India.
Table 6.2.21: Space Standards of Roads

Type of Roads
Arterial Road
Sub-Arterial Road
Collector Road
Local Street

Norms
ROW
50 60 m
30 40 m
20 30 m
10 20 m

Current Status
ROW
Carriage Way
60 m
60 m
10 25 m
58m
46m
3m
34m
3m

Carriage Way
21 m
14 m
10.5 m
7.5 m

Source: IRC Standard and UDPFI Guidelines

Footpath (Sidewalk)

The minimum width of footpath should be 1.5 m. The width should be increased by 1m in major
commercial or market areas to allow for dead width. Footpath adjoining shopping frontage should be at
least 3.5 m.
Table 6.2.22: Desirable of Footpaths

1220
2400
3600
4800
6000

Capacity (Persons)
All in one Direction
In both Directions
800
1600
2400
3200
4000

Required Width of Footpath (m)


1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
4.0

Source: IRC Standard and UDPFI Guidelines

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
NH-75 passing through the heart of the city (wards 8,
10, 12, 13) connecting Rewa town (District
Headquarter) in NW and Sidhi in East of the town.
Internal connectivity with all the wards with local
and collector roads.

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WEAKNESS
Narrow and poor conditions of roads eespecially
in wards with commercial activities like in wards
4, 5,6,11.
No parking facilities in commercial as well as in
residential areas.
Existing bus stand is not in function due to the
insufficient width of the entrance where roads
are very narrow and commercialized. (ward no.
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12)
Lack of railway connectivity under its premises.
OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Land availability for major projects like


development of Bus Terminal for goods carriers and
parking facilities in wards 12 and 4, 5, 6 and 11.
Significant distance of the settlements in wards
1,7,14 and 15 generates an opportunity to develop
an internal corridor which connects all the parts of
settlement within the town.

Unorganized development along NH-75 may


cause congestion and traffic problems in future
especially in wards 13 as dumping site and 8, 10
and 12 as the commercial corridor.

Issues

Wards Commercial) 4,5,6 and 11 consisting of narrow roads due to irregular vehicle parking;
encroachment by informal shops, thela; vegetable and fruit market; presence of important
centers etc. This leads to traffic congestion or regular basis.
Lack of designated and organized on-street parking in town in commercial areas of wards
4,5,6,11 and along the NH-75 in wards 8,10
Poor condition of the connectivity of all the wards (Especially 1,7,14 and 15) with access to
commercial areas (wards 4,5,6 and 11)
Town lacks proper traffic and transportation management system.
There is absence of public transportation system, which leads to increase in the number of
personalized modes of transportation and results in traffic congestion in many part of the city in
busy hours.
There is great pressure on major roads such as old NH-75 and since all the major commercial
activities, important institutions etc. are concentrated long these roads.
Currently the existing bus terminal is very small; it is not being used by bus operators because of
paucity of space in making entry and exit due to informal development, inefficient road width.
Hence, its being used as taxi stand.
Narrow streets in the core areas of the town need to be widened through proper planning and
addressing the encroachment problems.
There is a need to provide traffic lights and signals at junctions which are heavily loaded and
causes accidents.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes
To improve the status of traffic and transportation system in the town following goals have been
identified for different horizon years
Table 6.2.23: Goals & Services Outcomes for Different Horizon Years
S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

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2025

2035
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1

New Road Formation/Development in different location as per the development of town)

100%

100%

Road Up-gradation (Widening / Strengthening, footpath)

50%

100%

100%

Development of Bus Terminal

60%

100%

100%

Development of Truck Terminal (Transport Nagar)

70%

100%

100%

Junction and Traffic Signal Improvement

100%

100%

100%

Mass Transit System/Public Transport System

30%

60%

100%

Parking Facilities

100%

100%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan


In order to address the above discussed issues and achieve the above outcomes in each of the
components of traffic and transportation in the town, strategies categories under short term measures,
medium term and long term action plans are elaborated below:
1. Short Term Measures: Short term measures includes immediate trouble shooting actions and
traffic management actions such as Intersection or junction improvement in the core areas and accident prone areas to
town.
Traffic signalization at major intersections or junctions and road stretch.
Removal of encroachments on major roads & pavements to provide free flow of traffic.
Conversion of existing bus stand into taxi or auto rickshaw stand.
Establishment of Traffic Police Stations and Traffic Management Centers.
These measures should be taken up on a continuous basis as the travel characteristics and
loading of different links, intersections etc. and change owing to natural growth and change in
land use.
2. Medium Term Action Plan: This aims at to the development of transportation infrastructure
over a perspective plan period of 515 Years to bring about coordinated development among
different components. These measures typically will include various infrastructure projects
including network improvements such as Road up-gradation - Improvement of all existing major roads connecting town to
peripheral areas through widening, strengthening and developing footpaths in phase
manner.
Up-gradation of existing kutcha roads into pucca ones.
New road formation/development for a total length of 13.3 km in different areas of the
town as per the future development of town.
Development, Operation and Maintenance of parking lots with payment on major roads
and commercial areas of town on PPP base.
Upgradation of the existing Bus Stand on BOOT basis.
Development of Truck Terminal/ Transport Nagar on BOOT basis.
For Monitoring and Evaluation: Preparation of a detailed road register and designing and
implementing a system to update the same on a regular basis, including details of construction
and repair/maintenance history.

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3. Long Term Action Plan: The long term action plan aims at to the development of structure plan
for the town with transit as one of the lead components, which will direct the urban growth so
as to bring about a structural fit between transit infrastructure and urban growth. This will also
include the introduction of eco-friendly intra-city public transport system and also examine a
comprehensive multi-modal Public Transport System to bring about the most optimal mix of
commuting within the town and thus providing a sustainable transit solution.

Project Identification & Costing


The creation of a reliable, comfortable, attractive and affordable traffic management system is the longterm solution for solving the traffic problems in the city. Thus, constructions of new bus stand to provide
a high quality transit system. Provisions of parking facilities are envisaged to solve parking problem and
congestion in core areas. To achieve the goals in this sector the following projects are identified:
Table 6.2.24 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Traffic and Transportation

Code No.

Projects proposed

TT 1

Development of new Bus Stand on BOOT basis


in ward no. 12
TT 2
Development of access road in ward 14 (2km)
TT 3
Development of footpath/pedestrian along the
major roads. (for 5 km)
TT 4
Construction of 5 parking lots along main roads
and in commercial or market areas
TT 5
Road Widening from 3 m to 4.5 m (major
district roads for 6km.)
TT 6
Improvement of traffic junctions, rotary
development including installation of traffic
light/signals. Intersection of ward (2,5); (4,3);
5,6,7);(7,9,13); (8,9,13) and (10,12,13)
Sub Total Cost (E)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
500.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

100
25.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

25.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

90.00

PWD

90.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

830.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.2.5 Street Lighting and Fire Fighting


Existing Situation of Street Lights
Providing full coverage by street light is import in development of town as it facilitates urban movement
and safeguards life and property. Street light has been provided in all wards. There are some outer
wards like ward 14 and 15 where the number of street light is small and some stretches of the road have
no street light in those outer wards which are more rural in character.
There are about 242 street light poles in the town and around 210 have CFL and 32 have incandescent
bulp.
There will be a requirement of 218 more electric light by 2035.

Fire Service

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There is no separate office for the fire fighting operations in the town. The responsibility of fire service
has been delegated to the municipality, among other tasks but there is no formal fire fighting services is
available in the town. In such anthropogenic hazards situation few water tankers being used and GNP
ask help from Theonther and District Headquarter Rewa.

Vehicle and Equipments for Fire Fighting and Rescue Operations


At present, to handle and overcome the anthropogenic hazards like fire the ULB is not equipped with
any firefighting service vehicles for the entire town. There is no additional options/manpower available
for rescue operations.
Other than this, ULB also does not have any electric pole vehicle for streetlight repairing in the town.

Operational System
At present there is no formal fire fighting services is available in the town. In such anthropogenic
hazards situation few water tankers being used and GNP ask help from theonther and District
Headquarter Rewa.
Thus, the ULB urgently needs a fully fledged fire fighting department equipped with latest firefighting
vehicles (including operation and maintenance of assets) and well trained manpower to control the
anthropogenic hazard and fire mishap for Gurh Nagar Parishad.

Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps Fire Fighting


The present and future demand and supply gaps for horizon year 2035 under fire fighting sector for
Gurh has been worked out tentatively and is tabulated below:
Table 6.2.25: Present and Future Demand of Equipment (vehicles) and Man Power for Street Lighting
and Fire Fighting
S. No.
Required Vehicles and Man Power Salary Per Month (Rs.) @ 1 Person Annual Salary ( Rs.)
1.
2 fire tenders (one big and one
5000
120000
small)
2.
1 electric pole vehicle
5000
60000
3.
3 Fire Men
18,000
6,48,000
4.
3 Helper
10,000
3,60,000
5.
3 Driver
12,000
4,32,000
Total
50,000
180000
Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment

Hence for operating two fire fighting vehicles and one electric pole vehicle there will be a requirement
of 11 mens with a total annual salary of Rs. 18,00,000/- to deliver the service effectively as and when
required in the town.

Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI and Other Guidelines


Following table provides the performance indicators for street lights estimated on the basis of norms
and standards.

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Table 6.2.26: Performance Indicators Street Lighting
S.
No.

Indicator

Unit

Current
Status

Norms/
Standards

1.

Spacing between Street Light Poles in residential


areas (including kutcha roads)

Meters

irregular

30 - 40

2.

Spacing between Street Lights on Major Roads

Meters

50

40 - 50

3.

Proportion of tube lights w.r.t. Total*

Percentage

75.36

60 - 70

4.

Proportion of Energy Saving Lights w.r.t. Total*

Percentage

86

100

Source: Field Survey, UDPFI Guidelines and * certain experience and thumb rules.

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
Major road NH-75 and other local roads connecting
almost all the wards in the town.
Awareness about emerging technologies of power
saving light.

OPPORTUNITY
Solar energy and biogas can be good supplement for
the electricity in around wards 3,7 and 10.
Procurement of 2 fire tenders for fire fighting wards
3 and 10.

WEAKNESS
Inadequate number of street lights on major
roads NH-75 and local roads connecting wards
with population like in 2, 3, 4,5,6,7 etc and 15 of
the town.
Frequent power cuts.
Lack of skilled staff/manpower for street light
and fire fighting services.
Non-availability of vehicles for street lighting
and fire fighting.
THREAT

Illegal power tapping and electricity theft


especially in wards 2,3,5,7 and 9.
Lack of monitoring illegal connections.

Other Sources of Energy


Census data 2001 shows that a vast majority of town residents use electricity followed by kerosene as
the only source of lighting as illustrated below.
Table 6.2.27: Sources of Lighting at Household Level in Gurh

Total
households

2,112

Sources of Lighting
Electricity
1,635

Kerosene
477

Solar
Energy
0

Other Oil
1

Any Other
0

No Lighting
0

Source: Census of India, 2001

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Issues

Irregular spacing of the street poles along the NH-75 and local roads connecting wards 7, 14 and
15.
Inappropriate maintenance and functioning of lights. Around one-fourth of the street lights are
not functioning.
Irregular spacing of street light poles in the residential areas of town.
Inadequacy in number of street lights in the town.
Lack of firefighting service facilities and staff.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes
To improve the status of street lighting system in the town following goals have been identified for
different horizon years.
Table 6.2.28: Goals & Services Outcomes for Different Horizon Years

S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

2025

2035

Installation of New Street Light Poles

30%

70%

100%

Up-gradation of existing

100%

100%

100%

Underground Cabling

70%

100%

Energy Saving

70%

100%

100%

100% Fire Safety Coverage

100%

100%

100%

Fully Equipped Fire Station

100%

100%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan


In order to address the above discussed issues and achieve the above outcomes in each of the
components of street lighting and fire fighting in the town, strategies categories under short term
measures, medium term and long term action plans are elaborated below:
1. Short Term Measures: Short term measures includes immediate trouble shooting actions such
as Replacement of non working fixture on street light poles.
Up-gradation of existing poles in terms of spacing from one to other.
Strict control on illegal connection
Procurement of latest and modest vehicles for street lighting.
Procurement of 2 fire tenders for fire fighting.
These measures should be taken up on a continuous basis.
2. Medium Term Action Plan: This aims at to the development of infrastructure over a perspective
plan period of 5 15 Years to bring about coordinated development among different

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components. These measures typically will include various infrastructure projects including
network improvements such as Replacement of tube lights with power saving CFL and LED lights.
Installation of new street light poles at standard spacing for 100% coverage.
Installation of high Mast Light at important junctions, rotary and entry point of the
town.
Alternate Street Light options (Solar, energy saver like CFL, LED etc.) and installation of
automated control lights.
Installation of solar based electric poles in public gathering places and recreational
spaces like river site.
Installation of solar panels for generating solar power/electricity in institutions (such as
ULB, CHC etc.) and on identified government land within the municipal limit.
Disaster Management Plan for fire-fighting.
Institutional strengthening, human resources development leading to overall capacity
building of ULB for both the sector Street Lighting and Fire Fighting - including assets
required for the operation and maintenance.
For Monitoring and Evaluation: Preparation of a detailed register, designing and implementing
a system to update the same on a regular basis, includes details of new installation of fixture,
repair and maintenance history.
3. Long Term Action Plan: The long term action plan aims at to the development of under-ground
cabling/utility ducts for the horizon year of 2035. This will also help in minimizing the theft of
power.

132 KV power substations at Gurh

Project Identification & Costing


With a view to cover the whole streets with lighting facilities and to handle and overcome the
anthropogenic hazards like fire in town the following projects are identified:
Table 6.2.29 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Street Lighting and Fire Fighting

Code No.
SL 1

Projects proposed
Installation of 218 street lights within the
wards/residential area (33230/- Solar street light
pole)

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Project Cost
(in Lakh)
75.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

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SL 2

High mast lights at entry points of the City (2 Nos.)


and in core area (2 number) (15 lakhs/- unit)
SL 3
Procurement of 1 electric pole vehicle
SL 4
Procurement of 2 no. of fire tenders and other
equipment's (one big and one small)
SL 5
Establishment of fire station and staff cost
SL 6
Training & capacity building of staff
Sub Total Cost (F)

60.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

25.00
125.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

50.00
5.00
340.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.2.6 Urban Poor and theit Accessibility to Basis Services


Poverty in the Town
Around 15.7% (1955) of total population (12450) are slums, squatter and other poor population which
mainly resides in ward no. 2, 3, 5, 7 and 9 of the town. Their contribution to the citys economy has been
growing over the period. In the absence of clear policy to address their problems, the poor may suffer
from many inadequacies in terms of access to basic services, socio-economic needs. It is necessary,
therefore, to articulate policies and programmes to mainstream the slum communities with the city,
both in terms of infrastructure provision and socio-economic development.

Slums in the Town


Some of the densely populated areas in the city are classified as slums primarily because of lack of basic
services and also due to their unauthorized construction. Slums have kutcha houses and no open spaces.
According to the information or data provided by Nagar Parishad there are 10 wards which are 1, 2, 3,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 and 15 where slum population in Gurh are residing in Jhuggies/ Basti.

General Characteristics of Slum


Slums and squatter settlements are essentially products of poverty. In the context of basic service
delivery, almost by definition, the population living in slums lacks access to basic infrastructure services
like safe water, sanitation, solid waste collection and disposal, drainage, access roads, street lights,
neighbourhood amenities like safe play areas for children and community facilities and electricity
connections.
The social composition of a majority of slums comprises SC, ST and OBC population. Most of the slums
have predominantly one caste staying in it or people from one place of origin.
A majority of the working population in slums are engaged in small scale industries or work as
agricultural laborers.
Health related obligatory functions of the Nagar Parishad are restricted and health related activities are
insufficient. Primary health is in poor conditions in the slums and lack of awareness among people.

Status of Slums (Notified/ Un-notified)


In Gurh there are total 15 wards. Out of these 15 wards; 3 nos. of wards are notified as slum wards
which are ward no. 7, 9 and 15.

Land Ownership and Tenure Status

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Most of the slums residing in these 5 numbers of wards in Gurh are located on government land.
Government land includes land belonging to the state or municipal govt. There are also many slums
which are located on private lands belongs to individuals.
Government has from time to time issued the slum households legal ownership/ title of land/ Patta, as
part of its policy to ensure tenure security to the poor and landless.
Most of the slum dwellers have legal Land ownership. The land has been given to all the slum dwellers
on pattas. The Patta Act, 1984 & 1998 was introduced to grant leasehold rights to the landless persons
occupying urban lands. The act was amended in 1998 under Rajiv Gandhi Ashrya Abhiyan.

Urban Basic Services in Slums (in line with JnNURMs 7 point chater)
Slums within the town do not have adequate infrastructure facilities. The following analysis has been
done taking into account the seven point charter.

Status of Physical Infrastructure in Slums


Housing
The shelter conditions are very scruffy in the selected pockets. The majorities of the houses in these
slums areas are made of mud and wattle with burnt mud tiles (Khapra) and iron sheet roofs. These are a
carry-over from rural housing and its so-called semi-permanent houses (tin roofs plastered/ unplastered floors with the occasional plastered mud wall or wood and bamboo). Many of these houses
lack basic amenities such as toilet, power, water and security.

Water Supply
In present situation most of the residents of the slum obtain their water either from an improved point
sources, like well or bore wells or from municipal council piped supply system. Most of the open wells
rely on hand-drawn methods of water collection using rope and bucket. Some bore well are fitted with
individual hand pumps for local supply.

Drainage
The existing condition of surface drainage is a mess in the whole slum pocket. Most of the roads in the
selected slum areas do not have proper drainage system. During the monsoon most of these roads get
crammed with muddy water, which remain stagnant for weeks and as a result give rise to many
diseases.

Sanitation
At present the main type of sanitation in these slum areas is the pit latrine. A few houses have water
closets with septic tanks which has been a major factor in ground water contamination. The sanitation
alternatives in selected sum areas also comprises of public latrine blocks, the pour flush latrines and
toilet blocks which are usually connected to septic tanks and then to nallah flowing to River Bichhiya and
Renuka. The present condition suggests that the public toilets are not successful in the town since a
communal facility often seems to belong to no one. Individual users have very little feelings of
responsibility or commitment to keeping it clean under these circumstances. The latrines become

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unhygienic and in-sanitary and as a result people stop using it. Thus, the residents who do not have
access to one of these sanitation facilities have the common practice of open defecation in open spaces.

Sewerage
In the existing scenario, the underground and protected sewerage system is absent in the entire town
area. In the slum areas sewage, sludge and storm water flows in open kuccha drains which caused
serious health and safety risks.

Raod & Street Lighting


All the roads in the selected slums are narrow tracks eroded by runoff water. These roads lack drainage
which compounds the erosion problem. Only few areas in these slums have reasonably good access
roads on the periphery asphalt. In the internal areas of the slums there are largely stone
paved/cemented and kuccha roads. The existing roads in slum areas have poor physical conditions and
there is absence of other supportive services.
At present street lighting in these slum areas are concerned, Nagar Parishad has provided the same to
urban poor but level of provision is low as compared to other areas of the town. Still there are few
pockets in these slum areas where street light has not been provided.

Solid Waste Management


As per the data provided by Gurh Nagar Parishad, there are 4 dustbins in the selected slum areas. Most
of the households dump their waste in the open or along the river side. Door-to-door collection system
is still not in practice.

Status of Social Infrastructure in Slums


Access to social infrastructure is an important factor for human development eespecially in slum areas.
This section highlights the availability of educational and medical facilities within the slum
areas/pockets.

Educational Facilities
There are four primary schools, two middle schools and one higher secondary school in the town. There
is a no any technical institution like ITI in the town. The basic facilities of drinking water and toilets are
available in all the educational centres. Three Anganwdi Kendra in the town is operational. While as far
as slums are concerned, there is no any school within these slum areas.

Health Facilities
As per the survey conducted under the programme, very less percentage of slum pockets have access to
health care facilities within the distance of 100 meters to 500 meters. Most of the urban poor have to
travel more than 1.5 km distance to Community Health Center for health care facility.

Present and Future Housing Demand


As per Census of India 2011, the average household size in the town is 5.35 which is higher than the
national urban average of 5.12. Since the town is in transition phase of development (rural to urban), its
semi-urban in nature. The present and future housing demand for town has been estimated by taking
into account the ideal size of a household / dwelling unit (DU) that is 5.0. The average household size in
most of the wards is higher than the ideal household size.
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Note: Present and Future Housing Demand and Gap for Slum has been calculated by taking the present percentage
of slum population to the total population.

Based on the above assumptions, at present there is a gap for slum housing of 44 houses. This indicates
that there is a demand for housing.

Housing Gap Assessment


Present Housing Demand for EWS/Slum

2165

Present Housing Gap for EWS/Slum

2165

Future Requirement of Housing for EWS/Slum in Year 2035

3032

Future Gap of Housing for EWS/Slum in year 2035

3032

Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


1. Rajiv Awas Yojana: Guidelines for Slum-free City Planning
City Slum-free Plans of Action will require Slum Redevelopment/Rehabilitation Plans based on (a) survey
of all slums - notified and non-notified; (b) database creation of slums using the geospatial technologies;
(c) integration of spatial and socio-economic data; and (d) identification of redevelopment model
proposed for each slum. It will also require policies and measure for the non-proliferation of growth of
slums in the future.
States/UTs may consider the following steps for preparation of Slum-free City /Slum
Redevelopment/Rehabilitation Plans subject to the stipulation that the entire process of slum-free city
planning will have to be professionally managed and also be participatory, duly involving the slum
communities, NGOs, CBOs, municipal elected representatives, including Mayors and Municipal
Chairpersons, experts etc.
2. Guidelines for Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP)
Provision of shelter including up gradation & construction of new houses.
Provision of community toilets.
Provision of physical amenities like water supply, storm water drains, community bath,
widening and paving of existing lanes, sewers, community latrines, street lights, etc.
Community Infrastructure like provision of community centres to be used for pre-school
education, non-formal education, adult education, recreational activities, etc.
Community Primary Health Care Centre Buildings can be provided.
Social Amenities like pre-school education, non-formal education, adult education,
maternity, child health and Primary health care including immunization, etc.
Provision of Model Demonstration Projects.
Sites and Services/houses at affordable costs for EWS & LIG categories.
Slum improvement and rehabilitation projects.
3. Guidelines for Basic Services to the Urban Poor (BSUP)
Integrated development of slums, i.e., housing and development of infrastructure projects
in the slums in the identified cities.
Projects involving development/improvement/maintenance of basic services to the urban
poor.
Slum improvement and rehabilitation projects.
Projects on water supply/sewerage/drainage, community toilets/baths, etc.
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Houses at affordable costs for slum dwellers/ urban poor/EWS/LIG categories.


Construction and improvements of drains/storm water drains.
Environmental improvement of slums and solid waste management.
Street lighting.
Civic amenities, like, community halls, child care centres, etc.
Operation and maintenance of assets created under this component.
Convergence of health, education and social security schemes for the urban poor

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
WEAKNESS
There are substantial numbers of urban poor who Slums are located in high density residential areas
have land titles and houses located in wards
like in wards 4, 6,7,9,0 and 11 with poor housing
2,3,5,7 and 9.
and living condition which is a constraint for the
un-uniform growth and development of the town.
Lands are available eespecially near the slum 2, 3,
7 and 9 for the redevelopment or the relocation of
the slum into better habitat.
OPPORTUNITY
THREAT
Availability of lands around the populated area Most of the urban poor are associated with the
generates opportunities for the slum area
informal sector of the commercial activity in the
rehabilitation programmes.
town so relocation can put a direct impact on their
sources of income.
Cheap available lands eespecially in wards 1,7,14
and 15 can invites developers to provide EWS and
LIG housing development in the town.

Issues
Most of the houses in the slums are kutcha type. There is lack of basic services and amenities in terms of
quantity and quality. Due to bad economic conditions, the urban poor are not able to contribute much
into housing. Most of the slums have land tenure ship, which can acts as a potential for improvement of
slums in the city.

Presently slum population is around 30.04% of the total population and covering almost 5 no. of
wards of the city

Out of total 15 wards. Out of these 15 wards; 3 nos. of wards are notified as slum wards which
are ward no. 7, 9 and 15

Degraded environmental conditions in low lying areas of wards 2,3,5 and 7

Encroachment of vacant public spaces near to rivers in ward number 3

City Specific Stategies and Action Plans

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Encouraging slum improvement schemes like improvement of physical i.e. water supply,
drainage, sanitation facilities as well as social infrastructure like education, health facilities in the
slums.
Construction of underground sewage system in the town including slum areas.
Solid waste bins must be provided to all the wards and ensure the primary and secondary
collection including segregation of waste at source level.
Pucca drains and culverts must be provided in all wards including slum areas.
Providing land ownership to the slum dwellers that are located in non-hazardous govt. land, so
that the people can invest of their own houses.
For skill up gradation and economic up-liftment various schemes should introduce, so that
people can spare for proper housing.
Involvement of NGOs should be encouraged for improvement of slums.
Government should act as a facilitator rather than provider for the improvement of the housing
condition of the slums.
Community participation should be emphasized in any of the schemes launched by the govt. or
NGOs.
Relocation of slums from hazardous/flood prone areas.

Dilapidated condition of houses (Ward No. 2)

Women collecting water from tap (Ward No. 5)

Project Identification & Costing


Presently slum is covering 9.25% of the city and there is lack of physical and social infrastructure in most
of the slums as well. So to make the city slum free the following projects are identified in this sector:
Table 6.2.30 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Urban Poor

Code
No.
UP 1

Projects proposed

Construction of 357 DUs in to solve the housing problems in the


slums under IHSDP as per the availability of suitable Govt. Land
(@3.5 lakhs/unit)
Sub Total Cost (G)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
1250.00

Department
MPHB; GNP

1250.00

*PWD (SOR) April 2011

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6.3

Social Infrastrucutre

6.3.1 Health
Overall Health Facilities
There is general awareness among the residents
about environment protection and cleanliness in the
town. The parishadt is actively engaged in maintaining
cleanliness and hygiene of the town in general. At
present, there is one 30 bed Community Health
Centre.Two ambulance is available in the town 24
hour for Janani Suraksha Yojna. One Ayurvedic
Figure 6.10 Community Health Centre in Gurh
hospital is also in working condition. One veterinary
hospital is also provided by government. Apparently, the existing health systems seem to be adequate
to meet the local requirements of existing population. However, the demand for health services is
bound to increase along with growth in population and there is a need for creating a specialty hospital
for the growing population.

Basic Health Indicators


The basic health indicators in the city are infant mortality rate, life expectancy, maternal mortality ratio,
Physicians per 10,000 populations, Nurses per 10,000 populations: Professional nurses, Total
Expenditure on Health (TEH) as percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Occurrence of epidemics
etc.

Medical Facilities
At present, there is one 30 bed Community Health Centre.Two ambulance is available in the town 24
hour for Janani Suraksha Yojna. One Ayurvedic hospital is also in working condition. One veterinary
hospital is also provided by government.

Role of Municipal Body in Health Programmes


The department of public health and family welfare is responsible for the health related factors in the
state of Madhya Pradesh. This department organizes several health campaigns initiated by the state and
central government and monitors the health indicators of the state. Major role of the municipal body is
to assist the state official in the health campaigning and awareness programmes launched for the
citizens. However, basic health facilities are provided through Community Health Center administered
by Public Health and family Welfare Department of State Government. Looking at the development of
Gurh and its future growth prospects, it is important to initiate and strengthen the health facility
services for municipal body itself to provide the effective health services to the citizens of the town.

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6.3.2 Education
Overall Educational Facilities and
Teachers in the Town
There are four primary schools, two middle
schools and one higher secondary school in
the town.There is a no any technical
institution like ITI in the town. The basic
facilities of drinking water and toilets are
available in all the educational centres.
While as far as slums are concerned, there is
no any school within these slum areas. Some
of the students of the town commute daily
to Rewa for higher studies.

Basic Education and Literacy Indicators

Figure 6.11 Secondary School in gurh

Basic education/ literacy indicators are


Primary school enrolment ratio (females as a % of males), Adult literacy ratio (females as a % of males)
and Secondary school enrolment ratio (females as a % of males) etc.
Literacy, being an important indicator of social development, affects the demographic characteristics
and participation in labour. As per census 2011, literacy rate in Gurh is lower as compared to the
District, Urban Madhya Pradesh and Urban India. In Gurh Municipal area almost 70% percent of total
population (excluding 0-6 age group) is literates of which male accounted for 75.79% and female
accounted for 63.17%. Thus, the status of women in terms of literacy has been significantly low at town
level (Refer to Table given below).
Table 6.3.1: Comparative Assessment of Literacy Rate

Area

Literacy Rate (in %age)


Total

Male

Female

2011

2011

2011

Urban India

84.98

89.67

79.92

Madhya Pradesh

84.90

90.24

77.39

Rewa District

73.42

83.67

62.49

Gurh Nagar Parishad

69.88

75.97

63.17

Source: Provisional Figure, Census of India 2011.

The above figure shows the ward wise distribution of literate population in Gurh. Most of wards have
higher literate population; ward no. 6 ranking the highest followed by ward no. 5 & 9. Overall there is a
high literate population in the town dominated by male.

Educational Facilities Provided by Municipal Body


All the schools and colleges are administered by state education department of Madhya Pradesh except
private ones. There are three primary schools, one middle school and one higher secondary school in
the town.There is a college and an ITI in the town. The basic facilities of drinking water and toilets are
available in all the educational centres. Three Anganwdi Kendra in the town is operational. While as far
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as slums are concerned, there is no any school within these slum areas. Some of the students of the
town commute daily to Rewa for higher studies.

Map: 6-4 Existing and Proposed Social Infrastructure Map of Gurh

6.3.3 Recreation and Entertainment


Recreational Facilities (Parks, Playgrounds etc)
At present there is no any designated and organized parks & playground, in the town as recreational
facilities for the citizens except the area along the river side which is not maintained and developed.

Sports Facilities
Presently there is no formal provision of stadium facility in Gurh town for sports by the municipal body
for the citizens of town.

6.3.4 Fire Fighting Services


There is no separate office for the fire fighting operations in the town. The responsibility of fire service
has been delegated to the municipality, among other tasks but there is no formal fire fighting services is
available in the town. In such anthropogenic hazards situation few water tankers being used and GNP
ask help from Theonther and District Headquarter Rewa. More over there is no additional
options/manpower available for rescue operations.
Thus, the ULB urgently needs a fully fledged fire fighting department equipped with latest firefighting
vehicles (including operation and maintenance of assets) and well trained manpower to control the
anthropogenic hazard and fire mishap for Gurh Nagar Parishad.

6.3.5 Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI Guidelines


The following tables provide the information on the comparative analysis with UDPFI guidelines and the
demand and supply gaps for social infrastructure in Gurh Nagar Parishad.
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Table 6.3.2: Comparative Analysis with UDPFI Guidelines Social Infrastructure
Particulars

Standards/Norms

Current Status

Educational Facilities
Pre- Primary, Nursery School
Senior Secondary School
Integrated School with/without hostel facility
School for handicapped
College
Technical Education centre
Health care Facilities
Intermediate Hospital
Poly- clinic with some observation beds
Nursing home, Child welfare and maternity
centre with 25 30 beds
Dispensary
Socio-cultural Facilities

1 for 2,500 population


1 for 7,500 population
1 for 90,000-1 lakh population
1 for 45,000 population
1 for 1.25 lakh population
1 such centre for every 10 lakh

4
1
1
1
-

1 for 1 lakh population capacity


1 for 1 lakh population
1 for 0.45 to 1 lakh population

Included in CHC

1 for 1.5 lakh population

Community room
Community hall and library
Recreational Club
Music, dance and drama center
Meditation and spiritual center
Police
Police station
Police post
Fire
1 fire station or sub fire station within 1 - 3km

1 for 5,000 population


1 for 15,000 population
1 for 1 lakh population
1 for 1 lakh population
1 for 1 lakh population

1
-

1 for 90,000 population


1 for 0.5 lakh population

1
-

1 for 2 lakh population

Table 6.3.3: Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps Social Infrastructure
COMPONENTS
Particulars
Gurh
Population

YEARS
2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

Projected 14590 14828 15070 15316 15567 16838 18212 19699 21308

Health Infrastructure Demand


Particulars

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

Intermediate
Demand

Hospital 1

Intermediate
Existing

Hospital 1

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Intermediate
Gaps

Hospital 1

Poly- clinic with some


observation beds
Demand

Poly- clinic with some


observation beds Existing

Poly-clinic Gaps

Nursing home, Child 1


welfare and maternity
centre with 25 30 beds
Demand

Nursing home, Child 1


welfare and maternity
centre with 25 30 beds
Existing

Gap for Nursing Home 0


Child
welfare
and
Maternity Centre

No.
of
Required

Dispensaries 1

No.
of
Existing

Dispensaries 0

No. of Beds Required at 30


CHC/ nursing home or
maternity center

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

Bed Req. @ 1 per 500 21


person for intermediate
hospital

22

23

24

24

28

33

38

44

Bed Req. @10 per poly- 10


clinic

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

No. of Beds Existing at 30


CHC, nursing home or
maternity center, polyclinic

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

Bed Requirement Gaps

32

33

34

34

38

43

48

54

Primary 4

No. of Primary School 3


Existing

Dispensaries Gap

31

Educational Infrastructure Demand


Demand
School

of

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Primary School Gap

Demand for Middle & 1


Higher Secondary Schools

No. of Middle / Higher 2


Secondary
Schools
Existing

Gap for Middle and -1


Higher Secondary Schools

-1

Integrated School with 1


Hostel Facility Demand

Integrated School with 0


Hostel Facility Existing

Gap for Integrated School 1


with Hostel Facility

Demand for colleges

Existing Colleges

Colleges Gap

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

-1

Technical 1

Existing
Institute

Technical 0

Gap
for
Institute

Technical 1

Area
Demand
for 11.66
Recreational Spaces in
Hectares @ 14% of
Developed Area

13.52

15.69

18.20

21.11

38.35

44.83

52.90

62.50

Parks in Hectares Existing

Gap

11.66

13.52

15.69

18.20

21.11

38.35

44.83

52.90

62.50

Demand
Institute

for

Recreational Facilities Demand

Community
Demand

Room 2

Community
Existing

Room 0

Community Hall
Library Demand

and 1

Community Hall
Library Existing

and 0

Gap for Community Hall 1

Gap for Community Room

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& Library
Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines

6.3.6 SWOT Analysis


Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Health
There is a Community Health Centre in Gurh which
serves as a referral health centre in ward no. 3.
Ayurvedic Medication reduces cost of the
treatment.
Education
Gurh has high literacy rate of 69.88%

Health
Lack of specialist doctors in the town like
Gynecologist, child care ENT etc.
Poor people have limited affordability to pay for
health services.
Education
Insufficient no. of primary school.
Literacy rate among the female is low at 63.17%.
Poor condition of the school buildings and
infrastructure and sanitation.
Lack of technical institute ITI in town.
Recreation and Entertainment
Town does not have any designated place as park
or playground as recreational area for the citizens.
Absence of community room, community halls and
public library in town for the citizens.
Absence of tourist of facility or picnic spots.

Recreation and Entertainment


Plenty of land is available for the development of
recreational area such as community centres,
parks and gardens eespecially in wards 1,2,3,7 and
12.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Health
Scope of introducing Poly clinic with all basic
equipments and nursing home with maternity
facility may be in ward 9 and 12 along the NH-75.

Health
Government referral and medical facilities are not
properly used because of lack of doctors.

Education
Government schools with better teaching staff for
primary education, free for urban poor.
Introducing private schools with nominal fees in
the town eespecially in wards 1,7,14 and 15 to
increase the literacy level.
Recreation and Entertainment
River front development of the rivers Bichhiya and
Renuka along the wards 1, 3, 7 and 12.

Education
All the schools are concentrated in the core of the
town in wards 2,5,12 and 14

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Recreation and Entertainment


Lack of concerned local urban body to encourage
the improvement of the existing natural assets like
ponds in wards 13 and rivers along the wards 1, 3,
7 and 12.
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6.3.7 Issues
1. Health Sector
Town has insufficient facilities for hospital, poly-clinic and dispensary and doctors.
Town has no intermediate/specialty hospital and specialized health care facilities for which
it depends on nearest town Rewa.
2. Education Sector
Town has insufficient no. of primary schools.
The physical conditions of the schools are not good. During rainy season it becomes very
difficult to carry out the educational activities due to seepage/leakage problem.
Schools are not having proper basic requirement of drinking water and sanitation facilities
for students, except private school.
Inadequate teaching staff in Government Schools.
Town does not have any technical/vocational training institute such as ITI.
3. Recreational and Entertainment Sector
Lack of planned recreational facilities when there is a strength in terms of natural asset like
ponds and rivers in wards 1,2,3,7,13 etc.
Town does not have community gathering halls or rooms, public library etc. for the citizens.
Picnic spot or recreational area like River Front is there but its proper development has not
been done.

6.3.8 City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


1. Health Sector
Extension of hospital situated in the premise of community health centre.
As there is poor infrastructure in health sector in the town, so care should be taken by
providing land for development of new intermediate/ multi-specialty hospitals, poly-clinics,
increase beds and no, of doctors in the existing hospital and health care centers.
Lacking of specialized medical care in the existing health care centers, so specialized
medical services should be facilitated in the town by constructing dispensaries.
Municipal body can initiate the different health campaigns throughout the year and create
the public awareness for prevention of diseases eespecially during monsoon season.
By providing proper health facilities in the city, health tourism can be promoted in the area
which will serve the region and generate economy for the city.
2. Education Sector
Facilitating provision of more number of schools at the primary and secondary education
level along with required infrastructure facilities for the sector.
Reconstruction or renovation of school buildings and other infrastructure which are in
dilapidated conditions.
Enhancement and maintenance of infrastructure facilities like drinking water, toilet, solid
waste management etc. in schools and other educational institutions.
Establishment of vocational training institutes and ITIs.
For adult skill up gradation as well as self-employment opportunities, establishment of
vocational school should be encouraged.
Construction of Anganwadi centres in every ward.
Public awareness programmes should be encouraged in urban poor areas as they are not
willing to educate their children.
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Municipal body shall initiate the literacy campaigning and spread the awareness of
education eespecially in the slum region.
Municipal body shall initiate the awareness programmes related to Right to Education
eespecially for girls and its importance to all citizens to increase the literacy rate among the
female.
3. Recreational and Entertainment Sector
Municipal body shall identify the place and initiate the development of community room,
Rain Basera, community halls and public library in town for the citizens as per the norms.
River front development can be done on PPP basis along both the side of River Bichhiya and
Renuka which can be use and conserved as major tourist site, picnic spot or recreational
area for the citizens as well as for domestic tourism.
Municipal body shall identify place and designate the same as parks and play grounds for
the resident coped with present and future development of town.
Municipal body shall identify the site for the development of Stadium/play ground for the
town.

Project Identification & Costing


Health Facilities
Most of the population is not served by this because of poor medical infrastructure facilities in terms of
hospital beds and doctors. So the following projects are identified for the overall development of this
sector.
Table 6.3.4 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Health Facilities

Code No.

Projects proposed

H1

Extension of hospital situated in the premise of


health centre by constructing multi storied
building thereby extending the health facilities
H2
Construction of 1 Poly-clinic @10 no. of beds for
2035 in ward no. 14
Sub Total Cost (H)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
150.00

Department
Health Department, Gurh

50.00

Health Department, Gurh

200.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Educational Facilities
Considering the emerging issues and potentials in the sector, the following projects are identified in the
education sector:
Table 6.3.5 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Education Facilities

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

E1

Establishment of 2 no. of middle/higher secondary


school (one each in ward no. 15 & 9)(@1
Crore/School)

200.00

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Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

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E2

Establishement of 1 no. of Integrated School with


Hostel Facility in ward no. 8

500.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

E3

Establishment of 2 nos. of Informal and adult


literacy centers, Anganwadi centers in ward no 15
& 13(@5 lakh each)
Construction of Polytechnic college/ Vocational
Training Institutes and ITIs in ward no. 13

10.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

100.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

50.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

10.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

70.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

E4
E5

Renovation of school buildings which are in bad


condition

E6

Provision of equipments and necessary


infrastructure like provision of toilets, safe
drinking water, kitchen shed and electricity etc. in
education institutions.
E7
Establishment of Public Library (1 in no.) in ward
no. 7
Sub Total Cost (I)

940.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

6.4

Environment

6.4.1 Flora and Fauna


As such there is no records found regarding the flora and fauna in the study area i.e. Gurh Nagar
Parishad. The project roads run through agricultural land and settlement areas.
At regional level, the region is rich of valuable minerals, forests and wild animals. Variability in climatic
conditions brings about significant difference in the forest types of the state. There are four important
forest types viz. Tropical Moist, Tropical Dry, Tropical Thorn, Subtropical broadleaved Hill forests. The
status of the forests is reserved and protected forests and forests owned and maintained by villagers
that have no protected status.
The prevalent trees in the forests of Rewa District are Mango, Neem, Jamun Sagon, Sal, Tendu, Shishum,
Eucalyptus, Teak, Palas, Saja, Mahua bambaoo etc, The brushwood consists mainly of the species
Grewiazizyphus, Casearia, Antidesma, Woodfordia, Flueggia, Phyllanthus, Bosewellia and Buchanania
with occasional trees of mahua (Bassialatifolia). The Rewa District is famous for white tigers, bears,
panthers, sambar (Cervus unicolor), Chinkara (Gazellabenetii) and other species. Wild fowl of all classes
are common throughout its area.

6.4.2 Pollution Levels (Air, Water and Soil)

There is no monitoring facility for pollution level in Gurh.


Pollution Control Board located in Rewa the District Headquarter.
But by a general feel we can say that since there are no industries and the region is surrounded
by agricultural land the main cause of pollution to the river is the outfall of waste water of town.

6.4.3 City Green Spaces


As per the existing landuse 2011 the town has plenty of agricultural land but does not have any
designated and organized green space or open spaces for the citizens of town. According to the UDPFI

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guidelines, the open spaces for parks and playgrounds/ green space should be around 12-14% of the
total developed area, which shows there is a lack of planned developed open spaces in the city.

6.4.4 Water Front Development and Conservation


River Bichhiya and Renuka is only the major water body in the town. Passing through the town, river
flows from west to east direction and divide the town in two parts. Presently no initiatives have been
taken by the GNP for the well planned river front development along both the side of River Bichhiya and
Renuka.
Therefore to attract the potential domestic and national/international tourists to Gurh, different water
front development activities like green belt, boating, landscape along the riverside should be developed.

6.4.5 Issues

No records found regarding the flora and fauna.


Waste water drains directly discharge along with municipal solid waste into the river resulted
into the pollution Bichhiya and Renuka River.
River Bichhiya and Renuka can be taken up for water front development & conservation along
the wards 1,2,3,7 and 12.
Inadequate planning efforts regarding provision of green spaces for citizens especially in
residential areas of wards 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 etc and public health is under threat due to absence
of basic infrastructure facilities.
There is no environmental compliance system at municipal level.
Lack of air, water and soil pollution monitoring facilities for pollution level.
Inadequate planning efforts regarding provision of green spaces for citizens.
Public health is under threat due to absence of basic infrastructure facilities.
Waste water drains directly discharge along with municipal solid waste into the river resulted
into the pollution Bichhiya and Renuka River.
Informal sectors and slums settlements in open areas.

6.4.6 City Specific Strategies and Action Plan

Conservation and beautification of existing ponds and other water bodies.


Development of designated and
organized parks and playground in
the town as per the standards.
Conservation and plantation of
appropriate tree species on the
existing roadsides and along both the
sides of river to mitigate the level of
air pollutants.
Promotion of rainwater-harvesting
and providing more open spaces for
water recharge and plantation at the
planning stage for development
schemes.
In order to control the environmental
pollution, GNP shall initiate the
awareness campaigns for plantation and Figure 6.12 A view of the old Fort lying in dilapidated
consition
other pollution control strategies.

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6.5

There is need of municipal level policy for urban greening of the town with review and
monitoring provisions.

Heritage and Conservation

6.5.1 Identification of Tourist Spots at Local Level


At town level, Gurh has few tourist destinations. Kashtaharnath Temple and the old fort are notable
among them. The old fort built by Jayant Rao is lying in dilapidated condition due to the negligence of
the archaeological and tourism department of the state. Currently, a portion of the old fort has been
converted into high school which is being expanded in the compound of the fort. The grim negligence of
the heritage structure is quite visible as you can see a toilet has been constructed in the interior part of
the fort. The existing water bodies (i.e. river front development of Bhichhiya and Bihiya and ponds) can
be developed as recreational area for town and also as a major eco-tourism site for the locals. Baba
Bhairao temple is situated at a distance of 5km from the town and the place has good potential for
tourism as the area has good scenic beauty. The idol is in lying position having a length of 24 ft. yearly;
fair is held during the month of July-August near the premises of the temple. There is lack of sufficient
and efficient modes of transportation, infrastructure services in town that can hold the tourist. Tourist
coming to Orchha or Khajuraho, Maihar, Panna National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park can be
tapped. Thus, the town Gurh falls under KhajurahoPannaBandhavgarh-Chitrakoot-Allahabad tourist
circuit.
Two day fair is organised at Kashtaharnath Temple on Vasant Panchmi amd Shivratri. A fair is also
organised at the Dam on the way to Nagar Parishad while going there from Rewa.
Hanuman Mandir is also good for attracting local tourists in the month of November. And Ram-vivah
programme is organised during the event.
Unfortunately, the town has not been able to capitalize its potential in this sector as the site is in undeveloped stage and lacks sufficient and efficient modes of transportation, infrastructure services such
as street lights, public drinking water, public toilets, eating places etc. that can hold the tourist.

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Map: 6-5 Tourism in and around Gurh Town

6.5.2 Identification of Tourist Spots at Regional Level


At regional level Rewa District has a major tourist and pilgrim sites which attract tourist. Rewa district
has some major religious and adventurous tourism spots including Govidgarh, Hanumana, and Kyunti
Water Fall. It is also proud to have an ancient archeological site - Buddhist Stupas and Rock Painting at
Deorkothar declared as monument of national importance in 1988 by the Govt. of India and is being
preserved and conserved by Archaeological Survey of India, Bhopal.
Table 6.5.1: List of Important Tourist/Destination Spots at Regional Level
Tourist
Place/Destination

Distance
from Town

Specialty

Category

Rewa

22 km

Rewa Fort, Rewa Fort Museum;


Venkat Bhawan and Shiva Temple,
Rani Talab Temple

Religious, Cultural,
Heritage & Archeological

Govindgarh

40 Km

Govindgarh Fort and Lake

Adventure, Cultural,
Heritage & Archeological

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Madhav Garh Fort, 78 Km
Vengkatesh Temple
and Lord Shiva
Temple

The Madhav Garh Fort is situated near


Satna City. It is one of the ruined of
the ancient which is isolated and
remained untouched.
The Vengkatesh Temple is situated
Satna City.
The Lord Shiva Temple few kilometers
away from the Satna city is situated at
Brisinghpur is also a famous and old
temple in the region.

Heritage & Religious

Khajuraho

Khajuraho is a small town located in


the Bundelkhand region of Madhya
Pradesh and is famous for groups of
Hindus and Jain Temples. These
temples are under UNESCO World
Heritage Site for their beautiful and
erotic rock carvings. Khajuraho has the
Vindhya range of mountains as its
beautiful backdrop. This makes
Khajuraho
a
more
fascinating
destination

Religious, Cultural &


Archeological

186 Km

Source: DMG Assessment

The above listed tourist spots such as Buddha Stupas & Roack Painting at Deorkothar, Big statue of God
Shiva called "Bhairom Baba" at Gurh, Kyunti Water Fall etc. are in un-developed stage as they lacks
sufficient and efficient modes of transportation, infrastructure services - street lights, public drinking
water, public toilets, eating places etc.

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Map: 6-6 Regional Tourism Destination around Gurh Town

6.5.3 Identification of Tourist Spots at Local Level


There is no as such any heritage structure in Gurh town which can be a heritage value.

6.5.4 Existing Regulations/Heritage Guidelines at the ULB and State Level


As stated earlier that as such there is no any structure/building of heritage importance in the town, the
Urban Local Body (Gurh Nagar Parishad) does not have any proper guidelines laid for identification and
improvement of heritage structures. So there is a need to act in this regard and frame proper guidelines
for the declaration and maintenance of heritage structures in and around the city. For this the guidelines
of INTACH can be taken into account to formulate guidelines.
The tourism policy of Madhya Pradesh envisages creation of an environment conducive to attracting
increased private investment in the tourism sector and a more meaningful role for the Government.
Strategy for development of tourism in the State includes the following areas:
1. Improvement and creation of adequate basic infrastructure-land, road, water, electricity, toilet
facility etc.
2. Up-gradation and augmentation of accommodation, catering and recreational facilities.
3. Augmentation of transport facilities.
4. Marketing of destinations to ensure optimal use of infrastructure.
5. Establishment and strengthening institutions for the development of human resources.
6. Evolving suitable policies for increasing foreign exchange earnings.
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7. Promotion of the arts and craft of the State.

6.5.5 Heritage Issues


The main issues related to heritage are:

As of now there is no any such heritage structure in the town; hence, there is lack of proper
guidelines for identification, conservation and maintenance of heritage structures.
Poor awareness among the local people about the heritage values of the structures.
Poor tourism infrastructure.

6.5.6 Tourism Potential of the Town


At town level, Gurh has no any famous tourist destination and heritage buildings except river/ghats and
temple little known outside the town. The existing water bodies (i.e. Bichhiya and Renuka River) can be
developed as recreational area for town by developing river front along both the sides of river and also
as a major eco-tourism site for the locals as well as for national tourist passing straight to Orchha or
Khajuraho, Maihar, Panna National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park. This will also provide the options
for livelihood to citizens and increase the revenue of GNP.

6.5.7 Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI & UNESCO Guidelines


There are no comparative guidelines available for tourism and heritage structure. However, the analysis
has been done for the tourism and heritage structure based on the other cities experiences and certain
assumptions.

6.5.8 SWOT Analysis


Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.
STRENGTH
WEAKNESS
The town falls under KhajurahoPanna Lack of maintenance of the fort in ward no10 and
Bandhavgarh-Chitrakoot-Allahabad tourist circuit.
river front flowing alog the wards 1, 3, 7 and 12.
Bichiya and Renuka River flowing through the Lack of Infrastructure for tourism like roads,
centre of town.
railways to attract tourists.
Many religious spots and one fort in wards 1, 2,
3,7,10 and 12.
OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Planned river front development along both the Excessive encroachments on river side especially in
side can provide good potential for developing a
wards 3,5
recreational space, tourist or picnic spot in wards Dumping of municipal solid waste and discharge of
1,3,7,12 and 14.
waste water into the river wards 3, 5, 12 and 13
Availability of lands in wards 1, 3, 7, 14 and 15
demands for the recreational development like
parks, gardens, playgrounds, community centres
etc.

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6.5.9 Issues

Lack of infrastructure support for tourism development


Lack of attention towards the river from development along the wards 1,3,7,10 and 14
Discharge of waste water along with municipal waste in the river through drains from wards 2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.
Town has not identified its heritage and tourism potential.
There is no active recreation facility like river front development etc. in town.
There are lacks of infrastructure support in the development of tourism.
Excessive encroachment on river side and discharge of waste water along with municipal waste
in Bichhiya and Renuka River.

6.5.10 City Specific Strategies and Action Plan

River front development on PPP basis along with lake/river based activities like water sports,
theme park and boating etc. to encourage tourism.
Facilitating infrastructure in terms of good means of transport, hotels and resorts to attract
tourists.
Gurh can be developed as a rural tourist centre. Promote religious tourism at regional level by
developing Bhairo Baba Mandir 5 km away from the town in eastern side of the town.
Promoting Gurh as a transit point for the surrounding tourist destination like Govindgarh, Gurh,
Orchha or Khajuraho, Maihar, Panna National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park.

Project Identification & Costing


Presently the tourism industry is lacking infrastructure facilities and there is lack of active recreational
space in the city. With a goal to enhance the tourism activities in the city the following projects are
identified for improvement of the sector:
Table 6.5.2 Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Tourism

Code No.

Projects proposed

T1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report for river


front development including landscaping,designing
and details of infrastructure required
T2
River Front Development along both the side of
river in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14
T3
Development, beautification, plantations along the
river and nallah in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14.
T4
Promoting Gurh as a transit point by making
provision for a tourist circuit and associated tourism
infrastructure for the surrounding tourist
destination.
Sub Total Cost (J)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
5.00

Department
UADD, Govt. of M.P.
and GNP

130.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

50.00

Tourism Dept. Govt. of


M.P.
Tourism Dept. Govt. of
M.P.

20.00

205.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

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CHAPTER 7
Physical Infrastructure: Water Supply

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7.
7.1

Physical Infrastructure: Water Supply


Introduction

The infrastructure of a town is one of the crucial considerations for towns economic development and
its investment climate. Water supply is one of the key physical infrastructures required for the sustained
growth and development of a town. Gurh being a small town and located strategically has a good
potential for the future growth. Keeping in view the present and future requirement of the water
supply, it becomes imperative to think of and devise the best mechanism to augment the water supply
need and demand. The two rivers Bichhiya and Renuka are seasonal rivers which limits the scope of
tapping the surface water for the drinking water supply. The water supply system requires an
assessment be made of its coverage, quantity and quality, as also the demand supply gap. Finally, it can
be possible to come out with the requisite solution to the problem of water supply in current scenario
and innovation will be needed to augment the water supply to cater to the projected demand for water.

7.2

Sources of Water Supply

The water supply system in Gurh Nagar


Parishad is predominantly depending on
ground water. The nine tube wells scattered
over various parts of the town are the main
source of piped supply of water. The installed
capacity of the overhead tanks is 3.25 MLD and
1.25 in ward no. 3 and 13 respectively. There
are around 23 open wells and there are around
160 handpumps in the town.
The quality of water drawn from river is fairly
good. There is no detectable odour & taste and
the colour is found to be turbid. The city
encounters bit water shortage during summers
when Bichhiya and Renuka River dries up and water
table falls down. The current ground water level
is at the depth of 70 to 80 feets.
The two rivers Bichiya and Renuka being
seasonal rivers, water is not tapped for supply in
the town. Thus, we can see that Gurh is mainly
dependant on the ground water for drinking
water supply.

7.3

Figure 7.1 Over Head Tank in ward 13

Water Distribution System

The present water distribution system includes


water pipelines. There are 2 Over Head Tanks
(OHT) in Gurh with 3.25 lakh litres and 1.25 lakh
litres capacity. Both are in good working
condition. 1 hour daily water is supplied in the
connected wards no 3 and 13. Number of connections
is 100. There is 6 public hand pum provided by the
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Figure 7.2 Municipal water supply

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


parishad. There are three water tankers in the Nagar Parishad. Ward no 15 is served by water tanker
during summer season.
To meet the present demand of water for town, water is being supplied from dug well through pumps of
different capacity installed at nearby Bichhiya and Renuka River. In addition, there are 5 Tube Wells is
distributed in various part of town through network pipeline connected with the major pipeline. The
ward no. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have working water supply network. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and
15 dont have any water supply network.
Thus, the town get majority of water supply directly from these tube wells located in various part of
town without any treatment. The per capita supply is estimated under the existing supply system which
is very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd.
Other Sources
In addition to the main sources, a significant volume of
ground water is also extracted through hand pumps and
wells installed at various locations. There are around 23 open
wells. And there are around 160 hand-pumps in the town.
People mostly depend on these sources of water as the
water supply is not sufficient to cater to the demand of the
water wherever there is water supply line. And some areas
have no any water supply line in the town.

7.4

Water Distribution Arrangements

The present water distribution system includes water


pipelines system which is not sufficient. The water distribution
Figure 7.3 Handpump
arrangement includes - two OHTs and hand pumps. The town get
majority of water supply through the network pipelines laid down in different part of the town. These
network lines are linked with main pipelines coming from the nine tube wells (located in various parts of
the town). Water during summer seasons or in emergencies and other occasions/functions are also
supplied through Water Tankers. Presently there are 2 Water Tankers with a capacity of 4500 liters with
Nagar Parishad.
Table 7.4.1: Silent Feature of Water Supply System in Gurh
Description
Details
Sources of Water Supply
River Bichhiya and Renuka; Tube Wells and Hand Pumps
No. of Tube Wells
9 Nos.
Description regarding Storage
Capacity in Lakh Liters
3.25 LL; 1.25 LL
2 OHT
No. of Hand pumps
160 Nos. (Municipal)
200 Nos. (Private) estimated
Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad (GNP)
Internal Distribution Network
As far as the internal distribution network for water supply is concerned, the water pipelines have been
laid down mainly along the major roads side. Hand pumps and own wells & tube wells are the major
sources of water in these wards.
As per census 2001, out of total 2112 household, 61% of household have handpumps for water supply
followed by 34% through well and 4% from tubewell provided by Nagar Parishad.

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0% 1%
0% 0%
Tap

34%

Handpump
Tubewell

61%

Well
Tank, Pond, Lake
River, Canal
Spring

4%

Any other

Chart: 7-1 Distribution of Houses by Sources of Water (as per Census 2001)

20%

23%

Within Premises

Near Premises

57%

Away

Chart: 7-2 Distribution of Houses by Location


23% householdes have accesss to water within their premises and 57% have water supply sources near
their premises.

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Map: 7-1 Water Supply Lines - Gurh

7.5

Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps

As per the provisional figures of census 2011 Gurh Nagar Parishad had a total population of 14590.
According to the existing system a large percentage of population is dependent on hand pumps, wells
and other sources for day to day need of water. As per the projected population the water demand has
been estimated till 2035.
Table 7.5.1: Projected Future demand Water Supply
Year
Projected Population
Projected Water
Present Water
Demand-Supply
Demand
Supply
Gap
@ 135 lpcd (in MLD)
2011

14590

1.97

0.97

2012

14828

2.00

1.00

2013

15070

2.03

1.03

2014

15316

2.07

1.07

2015

15567

2.10

1.10

2020

16838

2.27

1.27

2025

18212

2.46

1.46

2030

19699

2.66

1.66

2035

21308

2.88

1.88

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines

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Table 7.5.2: Present and Future Requirement/Demand and Gap Assessment Water Supply
Years
Population
Projected
Fire
Industrial
Considering
Total
Water
Demand
Demand
Losses (5%)
Demand
Demand
(1%)
(3%)
(MLD)
@ 135 lpcd (MLD)
(in MLD)
2011
14590
1.97
0.02
0.06
0.10
2.15

Supply
Gaps
(MLD)

1.15

2012

14828

2.00

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.18

1.18

2013

15070

2.03

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.22

1.22

2014

15316

2.07

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.25

1.25

2015

15567

2.10

0.02

0.06

0.11

2.29

1.29

2020

16838

2.27

0.02

0.07

0.11

2.48

1.48

2025

18212

2.46

0.02

0.07

0.12

2.68

1.68

2030

19699

2.66

0.03

0.08

0.13

2.90

1.90

2035

21308

2.88

0.03

0.09

0.14

3.14

2.14

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines


Note: The demand of water for firefighting, industries and losses has been assessed by taking % of water
required.

7.6

Comparative Analysis with UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines

Presently under the existing water supply system, the per capita supply of 21.20 liters per day is
estimated for town which is very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd
(UDPFI Guidelines). These figures however, represent only the production from all sources. Actual
quantity reaching the consumers is even lower as 21.20 lpcd due to high Unaccounted Water Flow
(UWF) of 15,000 liters per day. Thus, the water supply system in the town requires augmentation
schemes on urgent basis.
Table 7.6.1: Performance Indicators Water Supply
S.
Indicators
Unit
Current
No.
Status
1
Daily per capita supply
Liters
21.20
2
Roads covered with distribution network
Percent
3
Storage capacity with respect to current
Percent
0.00
supply
4
Storage capacity with respect to proposed Percent
0.00
supply for the next fifteen year period.
5
Available treatment capacity with respect
Percent
0.00
to supply
6
Assessment covered by service
Percent
10
connections
7
Proportion of non domestic service
Percent
0
connection
Source: Computed based on the data collected from Gurh Nagar Parishad

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Normative Standard
135
100
100
100
85
>5

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

7.7

SWOT Analysis

Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.

STRENGTH
Presence of enough natural sources of water
like ponds in wards 13 and 15 and two rivers
Bichhiya and Renuka covering almost all the
wards from SW to NE direction
2 OHT (Capacity 3.5, 1.25 LL), 2 water tanks of
capacity 4500 L, 9 tube wells, 360 handpumps
and two rivers shows the enough capability of
the town in terms of the water supply.
OPPORTUNITY
Water revenue demand can be enhanced
through drive of new house connection
eespecially in wards 1, 7,9, 14 and 15.
Water from the river can be treated and
supplied to conserve underground water.
Rain water harvesting can be introduced and
can be collected in the NW direction of the
town in wards 1 and 7.

7.8

THREAT
Direct injection of storm water and open
drainage carrying sewerage water eespecially
from wards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 into
the rivers causing for the contamination of the
water as it is the major source of drinking water.

Issues

7.9

WEAKNESS
Around 20% of the water is lost during
distribution leakages in the tanks.
Connection is not there in all the wards
eespecially in ward no. 15, during summer Nagar
Parishad arranges water tankers to supply there.

Present water supply is 0.19 MLD whereas the future requirement is 2.36 MLD by 2035
(considering 135 lpcd).
Water distribution system is old and has limited coverage. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont
have any water supply network.
Water during summer seasons or in emergencies and other occasions/functions are also
supplied through Water Tankers eespecially in wards 1, 14 and 15.
Contamination of water in the rivers Renuka and Bichhiya which are the major sources of water
due to the direct injection of drainage and storm water into the rivers.
There is lack of technical/ skilled man power to handle the system.
The distribution system has limited coverage. Pipelines are mainly laid along the major roads, is
a major constraint in distributing water to the end user in internal areas.
There is a large scale of demand and supply gap, which is likely to be increase drastically in
future with respect to increase in population if no measures were taken to augment the water
supply system.
Per capita supply is low (21.20 lpcd) against the standard norm of 135 lpcd.
Ground water is main source of water supply which strains the ground water table.
The tariff collection efficiency of water charges is low.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan

Goals and Service Outcomes


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Considering the above issues and challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been
identified in the following table. The water supply coverage and access to piped water supply in Gurh
Nagar Parishad needs to be enhanced to 100% by the year 2035. The per capita water supply should be
maintained as per the norm of 135 lpcd at an acceptable level by increasing hours of supply to 4-6 hours
a day by 2015, 8-10 hours daily by 2025 and subsequently achieve 24 hours water supply/day by 2035
promoting together the water storage facility at household level. There is an urgent need to lower the
non-revenue to 25% by the year 2015, 15% by 2025 and 10% by 2035 by implementing 100% consumer
metering system by 2015 and achieve 100% O & M cost recovery by the year 2035.
Table 7.9.1: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years

S. No.

Components

Horizon Period
2015

1
2
3
4

Network Coverage to Households


Per Capita Supply as per norms (135 lpcd)
24/7 Water Supply
Quality of Water

5
6
7
8
9

Non Revenue Water


Consumer Metering
Cost Recovery
Roof Water Harvesting
Private Sector Participation

40%
135
40%
As per WHO
Standards
25%
80%
100%
40%
10%

2025
100%
135
100%
As per WHO
Standards
15%
100%
100%
80%
70%

2035
100%
135
100%
As per WHO
Standards
5%
100%
100%
100%
100%

Strategies and Action Plan


Regarding the water supply, future demand for drinking water to town can be meet through
Amra Dam by linking Renuka River and development of check dams on Renuka River passing
through the town.
Gurh can also be linked to Ban Sagar Project through the Kwety Canal to meet the future
demand of drinking water.
Leakage detection studies; repair, replacement or rehabilitation of old/defunct system including
3 OHTs should be under taken to enhance the present water distribution system.
Extension of water pipeline to un-served/ internal areas, thereby ensuring 100% water supply
network coverage.
Implementation of 100% consumer metering system via monitoring and checkout illegal water
connections.
Awareness programme for judicious use of water, recycling and recharging to prevalent water
loss, thereby, encouraging Rain water harvesting at household level.
Tariff planning to make water supply as self sustaining project.
Use of recycled water for meeting agricultural and cooling demands.
Widespread investments in the water supply sector without sufficient attention to human
resource development results in poor sustainability of system. Urgent need for capacity building
at different levels in water supply sector.
Detailed operation and maintenance programme.

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7.10 Low Cost Water Treatment Option


Water to be supplied for public use must be potable i.e., satisfactory for drinking purposes from the
standpoint of its chemical, physical and biological characteristics. Drinking water should, preferably, be
obtained from a source free from pollution. The raw water normally available from surface water
sources is, however, not directly suitable for drinking purposes. The objective of water treatment is to
produce safe and potable drinking water. Some of the common treatment processes used in the past
includes Plain sedimentation, Slow Sand filtration, and Rapid Sand filtration with Coagulationflocculation units as essential pretreatment units.
Rapid Sand Filtration
The rapid sand filter or rapid gravity filter is a type of filter used in water purification and is commonly
used in municipal drinking water facilities as part of a multiple-stage treatment system. Rapid sand
filters were widely used in small and large municipal water systems, because they required smaller land
areas compared to slow sand filters.
Rapid sand filters use relatively coarse sand and other granular media to remove particles and impurities
that have been trapped in a floc through the use of flocculation chemicals--typically salts of aluminum or
iron. Water and flocs flows through the filter medium under gravity or under pumped pressure and the
flocculated material are trapped in the sand matrix.
Mixing, flocculation and sedimentation processes are typical treatment stages that precede filtration.
Chemical additives, such as coagulants, are often used in conjunction with the filtration system.
A disinfection system (typically using chlorine or ozone) is commonly used following filtration. Rapid
sand filtration has very little effect on taste and smell and dissolved impurities of drinking water, unless
activated carbon is included in the filter medium.

Project Identification & Costing


With a vision to provide adequate amount of treated water to the projected population of 2035, the
following projects are identified to achieve the goal in the sector:
Table 7.10.1 Proposed work, Project cost and Implementing Agencies for Water Supply

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost (in


Lakh)

WS 1

Preparation of DPR for Water Supply System for


the entire town.

5.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P.


and GNP

WS 2

Replacement of present pipe line system in the


town. (3.3 km) 150 dia (cost @ Rs1471)

49.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 3

Extension of present distribution line to cover


the whole of the city (2.1KM) 150MM Dia (cost
@ Rs1471)

31.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 4

Construction of 4 OHT each of capacity 4 MLD


by 2035 in wards 2, 5 ,7 and 12

600.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 5

Construction of two Filtration Plant/ Water


Treatment Plant of capacity 2 MLD in ward
no.1, and 15.

500.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 6

Construction of intake well, pump house with

300.00

Govt. of M.P.

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pumping machinery electrical in along with the
filteration plants indicated in WS-5.
WS 7

Laying of 450 mm dia Pumping mains intake to


treatment plant

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 8

Laying of 350 mm Pumping main treatment


plant to Rest House

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 9

Laying of 250 mm Pumping main from rest


house to OHT

100.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 10

Water Metered Connection in all Dwelling Units


by 2035 (@ Rs. 150/connection)

32.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

WS 11

Training and Capacity Building of Staff

5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

Sub Total Cost (A)

2022.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

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CHAPTER 8
Existing Institutional Framework for
Development

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8.
8.1

EXISTING INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT


Urban Local Body Structure

The main organization in the town is the Gurh Nagar Parishad which provides all the civic services, levies
local taxes and maintains registers of births and deaths. The municipality is primarily funded by local
grants and levy of property tax.

Figure 8.1: Institutional Setup Gurh Nagar Parishad

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Table 1.1: Power and Functions of Gurh Nagar Parishad
Law and Application

Madhya Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1961

Administrative Authority

Urban Administration & Development Directorate (UADD)

Executive Authority

Chairman, Chief Municipal Officer

Functions

Slum improvement and urban poverty alleviation


Provision and maintenance of roads, sanitation, solid waste services,
fire services, urban forestry, street lighting, parking lots, parks &
burials
Protect the environment, promote cultural, educational, aesthetic,
ecological activities
Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of the community
Provision of vital statistics

Administrative Powers

To make byelaws (with approval of state government)


To borrow money (with approval of state government)
To acquire, hold and dispose of property
To enter into contracts
To prepare budget
Establishment of municipal council fund

Revenue Powers

To raise property, trades, betterment, deeds and advertisements


taxes. Property taxes to be based on annual value of property and
be updated every 5 years.

Limitations on powers

Rules for imposition of taxes require approval of the state


government
State government may remedy, abolish, impose, raise or modify a
municipal tax
Bye-laws must be confirmed by the state government
State government may make rules and regulations (including model
rules)
State can carry out financial audit when/if it wishes

Constraints Identified

Lack of autonomy over personnel management, training,


appointments and promotions
Limited powers to enforce penalties, fines too low and civil
proceedings too lengthy
Quash judicial power , no power to prosecute

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad

8.2

Town and Country Planning Department

The main function and activity of Town & Country planning are governed under MP Nagar Thata Gram
Nivesh Adhiniyam 1973 and rules prepared there under e.g. MP Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Niyam 1975
and MP Bhumi Vikas Niyam 1984.
The main functions are: preparation of Town Development Plan, Review Evaluation and Modification of
existing Development Plan, Preparation of Regional Development Plan, Monitoring and Enforcement of
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various schemes such as Integrated Development Plan of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) and Urban
Infrastructure Development scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT), Control on unauthorized
development in towns and functions of State Nodal Agency for National Urban Information System
Scheme.
The activities of the department include preparation of development plan for investment areas of
towns, preparation of regional plans for investment regions, control and inspection of planning for
uniform development of small and medium-sized cities, development of infrastructure of towns,
guidance in execution of development plans, check on unauthorized development of cities, guidance in
policy making to development authorities/ special zone development authorities/ housing board and
other institutions, guidance and assistance to state government and other institutions for management/
land planning/ selection of place and state nodal agency for nation urban information.

8.3

Development Authority

In Gurhtown there is no development authority right now.

8.4

Public Health Engineering Department

Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) is one of the major departments of the state of Madhya
Pradesh as it is not only responsible for the provision of the public health but also carries the water
supply and sewerage and sanitation projects in entire state. Major infrastructure projects under urban
infrastructure are implemented by public health engineering department both in the urban and rural
areas.

8.5

Madhya Pradesh Housing Board

The Madhya Pradesh Housing Board had been set up by the government of Madhya Pradesh as a
corporate body under the 1972 Madhya Pradesh Griha Nirman Mandal Adhiniyam Act. The Madhya
Pradesh Housing Board is the only housing board in India that does not receive any subsidy from the
government. The main objective of the housing board in Madhya Pradesh is to provide housing and
basic accommodation to the needy people in the state. In the state of Madhya Pradesh, the Madhya
Pradesh Housing Board is the single largest builder and developer of real estate. The housing board
contributes around 10,000 plots and 6,000 houses per year to the housing stock in the state. It has
invested around Rs. 2,000 crore in the construction and housing sector.
The various objectives of the Madhya Pradesh Housing Board are:

To construct houses for the various sections of the society that is the low, middle, and the high
income groups
To make various schemes that provide financial help to the high and middle income groups in
the purchase of houses
To select the sites where houses are to be constructed and to decide the various facilities that
are to be provided in the houses

The various activities of the Madhya Pradesh housing board are:

To develop the infrastructure


For the victims of earthquake to develop rehabilitation projects
To construct public and office utility complexes
To construct hotels, public co-operative, and hospitals
To develop community, sports, and leisure projects

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The Madhya Pradesh Housing Board has been successful to a large extent in catering to the
accommodation needs of the people of Madhya Pradesh. However, there still exists significant scope for
improvement and the state government is making all possible efforts to ensure that the infrastructure
provided by the Madhya Pradesh Housing Board is efficient and utilitarian.

8.6

Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board

Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board (MPCCB) - The Board has been vested with considerable
authority and responsibility under various legislations to prevent the pollution. M.P. Pollution Control
Board presently looks after the implementation of following Acts:

Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.


Water (Prevention & control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977.
Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
Environmental Protection Act, 1986 (certain sections).
Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.

The main objective of Board is to maintain water, air and soil in healthy and usable condition for various
purposes. There are 10 Regional Offices, 4 Sub Regional, 3 Single Window System, 2 Monitoring Centre
equipped with trained personnel and sophisticated instruments, are constantly keeping watch on
environmental activities in the state to attain the objectives.
Major functions of the boards are to reduce, control and monitor the state environmental pollution in
terms of air, water and soil. It also provides several consents for industries to establish and operate in
order to maintain the environmental compliance within the state.

8.7

Role of Private Sector in Infrastrucutre Service Provision

There is no role of private sector in service delivery mechanism or infrastructure creation at Gurh. The
role of private sector is restricted to social sector - education and health care in a limited manner. Even
outsourcing of activities such as street light provision, solid waste collection and transportation which
are common among small municipalities is not practiced at Gurh.

8.8

8.9

Issues
Inadequate staff in Gurh Nagar Parishad.
Lack of co-ordination between different departments of state and Gurh Nagar Parishad for
administration and regulation of functions and services.
Absence of training and capacity building for staff in order to improve the service delivery to the
citizens.
Absence of private sector roles in provision of infrastructure service and in their delivery
mechanism.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Accrual-based, double-entry accounting system should be incorporated in the present
governance system.
Balance sheet preparation should be started to strength the financial and governance system.
Computerization of the system which mainly includes three things:
o Financial and account
o Workshop: Solid Waste management & Street lightening
o Technical Development: In Water supply, roads networking etc.

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Implementation of E-governance with IT applications like GIS, MIS etc.


User charges should be applied to recover O&M cost.
Basic services to the poor and security of tenure at affordable prices
Municipal Council need to gear themselves for meeting future challenges in service delivery.
Therefore, they need to initiate a process of transition by adopting various organization
management principles such as improved accounting techniques, monitoring and evaluation of
projects (including social audit), and improved budgeting methods.
Focus on developing the skills of municipal staff on a regular basis. Human resources are the key
to efficient service delivery in any organization. Municipal Council will need to emphasize on
developing core skills of municipal staff in order to ensure that these skills are relevant to the
ever-changing operational environment.
Decentralization of functions: Decentralization of municipal functions, particularly in service
delivery, citizen interface and planning will greatly enhance the operational capabilities of
Municipal Council.
Special budget should be incorporate for the target groups like urban poors, women etc. which
gives basically focus on infrastructure development, affordable housing for poors, local
economic generation etc.
Demand Collection Balance should be started at ward level.

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CHAPTER 9
Investment Plan and Financing
Strategies

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9.
9.1

Investment Plan and Financing Strategies


Revenue Account

The revenue account comprises two components - revenue income and revenue expenditure.
Revenue income comprises internal resources and external sources of income of Gurh. Internal
sources of income, also referred to as own sources of income, comprise tax and non-tax items.
The external resources come in the form of shared taxes/ transfers and revenue grants from
the State and Central Governments and loans from the Financial Institutions. Revenue
expenditure comprises expenditures incurred on salaries, operation & maintenance cost,
contribution & donations and debt servicing.
9.1.1

Key Assumptions

Basic key assumptions are as follows;


Own services sources be increased and grants, funds should be decrease.
Capital expenditure percentage should be increased and current expenditure to the total
expenditure should be reduced.
Tax sources & non tax sources, both should be increased and diversified over a period of time.

9.1.2 Non Tax Sources


Non tax sources are as follows:
Water supply
Rents
Sale of properties.
Penalties
Interest rate

9.2

Revenue Income

The major sources of revenue income are as follows:


Municipal Rates & Taxes
Receipts under Special Acts
Income from sources other than Municipal Property Tax
Receipts from Water Tax
Miscellaneous / Others
Extra-Ordinary and Loans
Based on the Accounts procured from Gurh, the information in respect of Revenue Income is as under:
From the figure, it can be clearly observed that the income is increasing every year with a very high
growth rate. Total income of Gurh in the financial year2009-10 was 184.31 Lakhs and it was 242.87 Lakhs
in the financial year 2010-11. Total income of Gurh is increasing every year because of increasing Property
as well as resources of taxes and grants.

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Total Revenue Income

250

Income(in Lakhs)

200
150
100
50
0
2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Financial Years

Graph 9.1: Year wise Total Income, Gurh

9.3

Growth in Income

As per the Budget, the contribution of Municipal Taxes and grants is Rs. 37.91 Lakhs and Rs. 87.53
Lakhs for the year 2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively. For the same year, the third contributor is
income from non taxes sources which has a contributing of Rs 146.4 Lakhs and 155.34 Lakhs in the
FY2009-10 and 2010-11, respectively. This source has a very high growth rate in comparison of other
sources.

Growth in Income

Growth(in Lakhs)

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2009-10

1010-11
Financial Year

Graph 9-2: Growths in Income, Gurh

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9.4

Observations

As compared to the income of Rs.111.13 Lakhs in the FY 2008-09, the income for the FY 2009-10 was
Rs.121.19 Lakhs.

9.5

Revenue Expenditure

In the FY 2009-10, total expenditure was less as compare to the previous year but in FY2010-11 total
expenditure of Gurh increases due to Establishment Expenditure (Salary, Wages, Benefit and
allowance).

Total Revenue Expenditure

Expenditure(in Lakhs)

250
200
150
100
50
0
2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

Financial Year

Graph 9-3: Total Expenditure, Gurh

9.6

Capital Account

The capital account comprises capital income and capital expenditure. Capital income consists of
income earned by the Gurh from loans raised, transfers from revenue surplus and utilization of funds
from sinking funds and grants received for undertaking capital works. Capital expenditure largely
comprises expenses incurred for creation of civic infrastructure and towards debt servicing (principal
repayments).

9.6.1 Capital Income


The major sources of capital income are:

Grants received from State Government for undertaking capital works


Loans raised from Financial Institutions
Transfers of revenue surplus from internal accruals
Utilization of funds from Sinking funds

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Interest earned on investment (Fixed deposits, bonds, etc)

Table - Year wise Income from Various Sources

Year

Tax

Non-Tax

Transfer inc. grants

Total

2008-09

147291

10547622

107063

10801976

2009-10

194513

14640901

3597479

18432893

2010-11

236235

15683221

8517391

24436847

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad


From above table it can be clearly observed that the income is increasing every year with a very high
growth rate. The income of Gurh is driven by three main sources i.e. income from taxes (Property
tax, Water tax, Pilgrimage tax, Sewerage tax, conservancy tax) non taxes sources such as (Rental
from Municipal Properties, sale and other charge, fees) and the grant allocations received under
various central and state government schemes such as (Revenue Grants .Contribution and subsidies,
Interest earned and other income).

Sources of Income
180
160
Income(in Lakhs)

140
120
100

2008-09

80

2009-10

60

2010-11

40
20
0
Tax

Non-Tax

Transfer inc. grants

Graph 9-4: Incomes from Various Sources, Gurh

9.6.2 Capital Expenditure


Capital expenditure largely comprises expenses incurred for creation of civic infrastructure and towards
debt servicing (principal repayments).
Table 6.1- Year wise Expenditure of Gurh

Year

(Wage & salary)


Establishment

Operation and
Maintenance

Payment
Interest

Others

Total

2008-09

3787212

4753489

89470

5248290

13878461

2009-10

3467401

8580527

1281420

6390359

19719707

2010-11

4598405

10607626

1620504

4729821

21556356

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Source: Gurh, Budget FY 2008-09 to 2010-11

9.7

Key financial Indicators

9.7.1 Revenue Indicators


Own sources revenue to Total revenue: Higher the percentage of own sources better is
the financial health of the municipality and less dependent on the Government.
Taxes and non-taxes to own revenue: It is good to have own taxes revenue sources
increasing in trend which shows elasticity and increase of tax revenue in municipal
budget. Increase in non-tax sources indicate municipal services are charged and
increased as services consumption also increased. Therefore, both indicators are
independently monitored in municipal finance.
Capital revenue to Total revenue: This source of revenue indicates fund availability of
capital work as well as resources available from the higher level of government and
better credit worthiness of municipalities to access loan from market and financial
institutions.
9.7.2 Expenditure Indicators

9.8

Capital expenditure to total expenditure: More capital expenditure more development, more
asset creation, better infrastructure. This is a good indicator and shows good municipality. More
per capita capital expenditure better is the municipality and vice-versa.
Revenue expenditure to total expenditure: Less the revenue per capita expenditure, better is
the financial health of the municipality. It shows that the municipality does not have surplus
money for capital and infrastructure work and this is bad for the municipal finance.

Income, Expenditure and Surplus Deficit: Analysis

For the financial assessment, three year financial data pertaining to the years 2008-09 to 2010-11 have
been used. At present, Gurh follows a cash-based single entry accounting system, where income and
expenditure heads are maintained on a cash inflow and outflow basis. In order to gauge the correct
financial picture of Gurh, it is critical to recast accounts in a standard accounting format with
appropriate heads. Gurh accounts have, therefore, been recast appropriately. The financial assessment
is then done by looking at the annual growths of various components of income and expenditure, the
sect oral makeup of the finances, the extent of Gurhs dependence on the State and Central
government grants and reimbursements, the status of debt servicing, performance indicators and so
on.
In this exercise, all the revenues earned by Gurh from the taxes, fees, shared income etc. have been
treated as revenue income and the income from loans and revenue grants has been treated as a
capital income. Similarly, all expenses towards regular maintenance are treated as revenue expenses,
while expenses on any asset creation have been treated as capital expenses. The financial assessment
thus undertaken is discussed in the following sections.

9.8.1 Financial Status at a glance


The assessment of the income and expenditure statement of Gurh, at aggregate level reveals that from
all the years reviewed, in 2008-10 it shows buffer margin but in the year 2010-11 it turns into deficit
margin due to more Capital expenditure.

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Table 9.8.1-: Income and Expenditure Status of Gurh
Year
Revenue Income
Revenue Expenditure

Surplus (Buffer Margin)

2008-09

10801976

13878461

-3076485

2009-10
2010-11

18432893
24436847

19719707
21556356

-1286814
2880491

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad

Lakhs

Yearwise Revenue Income and Expenditure


300
250
200
2008-09

150

2009-10
100

2010-11

50
0
-50

Revenue Income

Revenue Expenditure

Surplus (Buffer Margin)

Graph 9-5: Status of Municipal Finance, Gurh


From the table of income and expenditure it can be analysed that there is a balance between income
and expenditure of Gurh. Only in the financial year 2010-11, there was more expenditure in comparison
of income. The analysis has been conducted, keeping in mind the limitation arising out of limited total
income in general, and internal revenue generation in particular. The spending pattern of Gurh suggests
a high spending, as compared to the total income, leaving a very small buffer margin. However, a buffer
margin is maintained as Closing Balance (CB) with a major help of grants & aids. Generating internal
resources is a must to sustain the development activities for a longer time.
Since the job of any Gurh happens to be a non-commercial one, its not expected and right to have a
much lower total expenditure as compared to the total income. The income is generated to fulfil the
requirements of society and community by spending as much as possible on the development front.
However, a buffer margin should always be kept for any contingency and emergency situation. This
buffer margin takes care of any unplanned project, which at times crops-up as urgent due to
uncertainties in the life. Hence, if the income is good then a relatively narrow buffer margin can also be
kept. Therefore its desirable to increase the spending by increasing the income first as higher income is
important for high spending.
9.8.2 Key issues and Conclusion
The key issues and conclusion drawn on the basis of above financial analysis are as follows:
The income and expenditure of Gurh runs neck to neck, which creates limitations.
The potential sources of internal revenue generation should be spruced-up and larger accruals
should be made.
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9.9

There is a need to properly account all the properties and tax them with adequate rates.
Income from Water Tax & Charges also needs to be augmented with increasing number of builtin area and increase in population and households.
The expenditure should be made proportionate to the internal revenue generation capacity of
Gurh

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan

Revenue collection needs to be computerized so that data is clearly monitored and defaults can
be identified on a periodic basis. Computerization of the system which mainly includes three
things:
o Financial and account
o Workshop: Solid Waste management & Street lightening
o Technical Development: In Water supply, roads networking etc.

Revision of user charges, property tax collection.


Introduction of Asset Evaluation and Inventory Management System.
Preparation of Demand Collection Balance at ward level.
Funds for identified Towns/Cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency,
which in turn would leverage additional resources from the State Govt.
A revolving fund would be created to take care of operation and maintenance of various assets
created under the Mission.
Arrangement of well-equipped necessary systems for implementing reforms and improving
efficiency of Gurh, which may include new methods of register maintenance, data storage and
retrieval, etc.
e- Governance should be incorporated in grievance redressa

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CHAPTER 10
Investment Prioritization Plan

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10. INVESTMENT PRIORITIZATION PLAN


10.1 Project Identification
The sector wise present shortfall and the future requirements by the year 2035 are analyzed to identify
the priority projects under different sectors.

10.2 Physical Infrastructure


10.2.1
Sector
Water
Supply

10.2.2
Sector
Drainage

Water Supply
Problems / Requirements in 2035
- Present water supply is 0.1 MLD
whereas the future requirement is
3.26 MLD (considering 135 lpcd)
- Water distribution system is old
and has limited coverage.
- All the existing two OHTs are
underutilised.
- Lack of technical/ skilled man
power to handle the system.

Proposed Projects
- Water Supply / Renewal Works.
- Water Supply Distribution Network.
- Replacement of older OHT and
construction of newer ones.
- Up-gradation and extension of WTP with
an enhanced capacity as per the future
demand.
- Water Metered Connection in all
Dwelling Units 2135 by 2035
- Employing skilled man power for the
water supply and maintenance works.
- Preparation of fresh DPR for Water
Supply System for the town.

Drainage
Problems / Requirements in 2035
- No proper drainage system. The
present
drainage
systems
basically open type.
- Disposal of solid waste in drains
has reduced the flow capacity
of drains.

10.2.3
Sector
Sewerage
and
Sanitation

Proposed Projects
Channelization of nallahs and major
drains by de-silting, lining and repair
works.
Converting the Kutcha Nallahs to
pucca one by De-silting, lining and
constructing side walls.
Construction of new drains in all
wards and converting the open ones
to covered type.

Sewerage and Sanitation


Problems / Requirements in 2035
-

There is no underground
sewerage system in the town.
Contamination of river water
due to outfall of drains/nallahs
carrying
sewage
from
households through septic tank.
Considering
the
sanitation

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Proposed Projects
-

Construction and renovation of


Public Toilets & Urinal like Sulabh
Complex in urban poor areas &
commercial/ market areas and
construction of some of the units
eespecially for women.
Intercept all drains to flow in
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10.2.4

coverage of the city, presently


more than 70% of households
do not have in-house facilities.
Unmaintained limited number
of public urinals.
No community toilets for
exclusive women complex.
DPR has been prepared by ULB
for
development
of
underground sewerage system
in town for next 30 years in
2007 with an estimated cost of
148.84
lakhs
has
been
implemented yet.

Solid Waste Manaement

Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035

Solid waste
management

Segregation & storage at source


does not exist.
No proper dumping yard
Lack of infrastructure in terms of
solid waste carrying vehicles and
sweepers. Only 6 sweepers for
whole of the town.
Lack of waste disposal depots
and dustbins.
No designated sanitary land fill
site.
The present waste generation is
0.1 MT per day which will
increase further.

Proposed Projects
-

10.2.5
Sector

Bichhiya and Renuka River; including


the river front development &
plantation on flood zone.
Preparation
of
fresh
DPR/
comprehensive master plan for
Sewerage and Drainage System of
town.
Construction of one STP and Network
lines.

Formation
of
ward
samiti/committee to ensure the
primary collection and disposal of
waste on PPP basis.
Provision of vehicles and sweepers
in the municipality.
Identification of proper dumping
yard and working out management
plan.
Provision
of
dustbins
and
construction of waste depots in all
wards.
Preparation of a Detailed Project
Report (DPR) for Municipal Solid
Waste Management for town,
ensuring the design, size and type of
Land fill site and quantity & quality
of required modest equipments,
techniques and vehicles for
collecting, transporting, processing
and dumping of MSW.
Development of scientific Waste
disposal site.

Traffic and Transportation


Problems / Requirements in 2035

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Roads and
Transportation

10.2.6

Lack of proper traffic and


transportation
management
system.
Absence of eco-friendly intracity Public Transport System.
Lack of proper road network to
accommodate intra & inter-city
transportation.
Congestion in commercial/
market areas due to rampant
encroachment,
on-street
parking.
Improper road geometry and
surfacing
Transportation infrastructure
will be under acute strain
Existing bus stand is used as taxi
stand.
Lack of designated and
organized on-street parking in
town.
Street furniture, road and
tourism signage are also
insufficient in the city.

Establishment of Traffic Police Station


and Traffic Management Center.
Construction of new bus stands to a
newer location with proper ISBT on
BOOT basis.
Removal of encroachment, Road
Widening & Junction improvement
in core area and accident prone
areas.
Development
of
footpath/pedestrian along the
major roads.
Construction of parking lots in main
roads including O&M on PPP basis.
Up-gradation of existing kutcha
roads into pucca ones.
Construction of new roads for total
length of 13.3 km by 2035 in
different areas of town.
Introduction of eco-friendly Intracity Public Transport System
Improved Street Lighting and
covering the whole of the street
length.
High mast lights at entry points of
the City.

Urban Poor

Sector
Urban Poor

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

Presently slum population is


around 30.04% of the total
population and covering almost
5 no. of wards of the city.
Lack of physical as well as social
infrastructure.
Degraded
environmental
conditions
Encroachment of vacant public
spaces near to rivers.

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Proposed Projects
-

Slum Improvement Programmes.


Provision of security of tenure.
Skill up gradation and economic upliftment schemes.
Improvement of shelter
Development of EWS and LIG
colonies by MPHB with a focus or
poverty eradication in identified
sectoral zones eespecially for urban
poor under IHSDP.
Relocation of slums from hazardous
areas.

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

10.3 Social Infrastructure


10.3.1

Health Facilites

Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

Health
facilities

Lack of specialty/intermediate
hospitals in the town.
No
specific
government
programmes for health sector
other than Family planning, RCH
and Immunization etc.
Infrastructures in govt. hospitals
are inadequate in terms of
facilities and no. of doctors.

10.3.2

Proposed Projects
-

Increase bed capacity of existing


hospitals and construction of new
hospitals.
Providing essential infrastructure for
better health facilities.
Construction
of
Multispecialty/intermediate hospital.
Construction of Poly-clinic

Educational Facilites

Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

Education
facilities

Insufficient no. of primary


schools.
Poor infrastructure in education
sector.
No public library
Vocational or skill improvement
education is lacking.
Low rate of female attendance.

Proposed Projects
-

Development of few more no. of


primary school.
Development
of
Middle/Higher
Secondary School.
Development of 1 no. of Integrated
School with Hostel Facility.
Reconstruction and renovation of
school building which are in bad
condition.
Establishment of Informal and adult
literacy centers.
Establishment of vocational training
institutes and ITIs.
Provision
of
equipments
and
necessary infrastructure like provision
of toilets, safe drinking water, kitchen
shed and electricity etc.
Public awareness programmes related
to Right to Education and others for
urban poor and other citizens.
Development of Public Library.

10.3.3

Recreation and Entertainment

Sector
Recreation
and
Entertainment

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

No notified or designated place


as open space, parks and play
grounds for the resident of

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Proposed Projects
-

Development of Community Halls


and Rooms.
Development of Rain Basera.
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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

town.
No community gathering halls
or room.
No proper development of
River Front as picnic spot or
recreational area for town.

Development
of
Parks
and
Playgrounds.
Development of Stadium.
River Front Development along both
the side of river.

10.3.2 Heritage and Tourism


Sector
Heritage and
Tourism

Problems / Requirements in 2035


-

No any heritage structure


Lack of infrastructure support
for tourism development
No active recreation facility like
River Front Development.
Excessive encroachment on
river side in the north and
discharge waste water along
with municipal waste in the
river through outfalling drains.

Proposed Projects
-

River Front Development along both


the side of river by preparinga
Detailed Project Report including
landscaping designing and details of
infrastructure required.
Development,
beautification,
plantations along the river and lake.
Development of active recreation
facilities like water sports, theme
park and boating etc.
Promoting Gurh as a transit point by
making provision for a tourist circuit
and
associated
tourism
infrastructure for the surrounding
tourist destination like- Govindgarh,
Orchha or Khajuraho, Maihar, Panna
National Park, Bandhavgarh National
Park.

10.4 Basis for Project Identification


The projects have been identified on the basis of rapid assessment of all the sectors, discussions with
local authorities, stakeholder consultations and
long
term perspective in various sectors covered
under
CDP.

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Figur 10.1: Involvement of Different Stakeholders in the Consultation Proccess Gurh


Based on the stakeholder consultation meet, the prioritization of projects was done so that the views,
aspirations and felt needs of the local officials, residents, experts, NGOs, elected representatives and
others are given due cognizance. The sectoral priority to the projects is assigned on the basis of various
consultations and discussions held with the government departments involved in the implementation of
CDP. It also takes into account the aspirations of the residents of Gurh expressed in a workshop,
informal discussions and meetings held for the purpose.
Womens
The sector wise present
shortfall and the future problems by the year 2035 are given in the following
Group
tables for each sector. The future requirement of the city is meant to take care by the year 2035 for an
estimated population of 34,750 (as projected for 2035). Thus, the various projects have been identified
for meeting the demand in each sector by the year 2035 and the present shortfall.

10.5 Projects for System


Prominentand Infrastructure Augmentation

Preparation of freshLocal
DPR for Water Supply System for the town.
citizen
Construction of Water Supply Distribution Network for extension of present distribution system.
Construction of Water Treatment Plant of capacity
of 4 MLD in ward no. 12
Slum
Students
Construction of intake well, pump house with pumping
People machinery electrical in ward no 12.
Construction of 2 OHT each of capacity of 2 MLD (one in northern part of the town and other
one in southern part of the town.
Preparation of DPR/Comprehensive Master Plan for Sewerage and Drainage System for the
entire town.
Construction of one STP with a capacity of 3 MLD in ward no. 13
Construction of underground sewerage network for 35 km to cover the entire town.
Construction of 5 Community/Public Toilets of 20 Seats like Sulabh Complex &10 Urinals of 5
seats in urban poor areas & commercial/ market areas.
Construction of some Community/Public Toilets eespecially for women.
Construction of new storm water drainage network to cover the whole town (for 65 Kms including both the sides of raods)
Converting the Kutcha Nallahs to pucca one by De-silting, lining and constructing side walls.
Preparation of a Detailed Project Report for Municipal Solid Waste Management with required
infrastructure and modest equipment.
Provision of dustbins and construction of waste depots in all wards.
Development/construction of Scientific Waste Disposal Site in ward no. 15.
Construction of a new bus stand to a newer location with proper ISBT on BOOT basis in ward no.
10.
Construction of a Truck Terminal/Transport Nagar on BOOT basis in ward no. 10.

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Construction of new roads for total length of 13.3 km by 2035 in different areas of town.
Development of footpath/pedestrian along the major roads (for 20 kms).
Construction of 5 parking lots in main roads/commercial or market areas including O&M on PPP
basis.
Development of EWS and LIG colonies by MPHB with a focus or poverty eradication in identified
sectoral zones eespecially for urban poor under IHSDP.
Establishment of 6 more no. of primary school by 2035; two in ward no. 8, and one in each ward
no. 10, 13, 14 and 15.
Establishment of 2 more no. Middle/Higher Secondary School (one each in ward no. 15 & 9).
Establishment of 1 no. of Integrated School with Hostel Facility in ward no 8.
Establishment of 2nos. of Informal and adult literacy centers, Aganwadi centers in ward no. 15 &
13.
Establishment of vocational training institutes and ITIs in ward no.13.
Development of 1 Public Library in ward no. 7.
Construction of multi-specialty hospital in wards no 2.
Construction of one Poly-clinic with 10 no. of beds for 2035 in ward no. 14
Development of one Community Hall and two Rooms in ward no. 7 and 15 respectively.
Development of a Rain Basera in ward no. 7.
Development of Parks and Playgrounds.
Development of Stadium in ward no. 15.
River Front Development along both the side of river.
Preparation of Detailed Project Report for river front development including landscaping,
designing and details of infrastructure required

10.6 Projects for System and Infrastructure Refurbishment

Renewal and repairing of Water Supply Networks.


Construction of new OHT.
Water Metered Connection in all Dwelling Units by 2035.
Renovation of existing public urinal and provision of new public convenience at public places.
Converting the open drains to covered type.
Road Widening & Junction improvement.
Improved Street Lighting and covering the whole of the street length.
Improvement of shelter for urban poor.
Renovation of school buildings which are in bad condition.
Provision of equipments and necessary infrastructure like provision of toilets, safe drinking
water, kitchen shed and electricity etc. in education institutions.
Increase the capacity of bed in the existing hospitals.
Development, beautification, plantations along the river.

10.7 Other Development Project

Development of Entrance Gates to town one towards north side and other towards south on
NH-75.
Provision for special Hawker zone.

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

10.8 Sector Wise Project Identification and Costing


On the basis of the sector analysis and quantum of investment required for various sectors in the City
Development Plan over a specified time frame to attain the sustainable growth and to achieve the
Mission goals.

10.8.1 Physical Infrastructure


Water Supply
With a vision to provide adequate amount of treated water to the projected population of 2035, the
following projects are identified to achieve the goal in the sector:
Table 8.1: Proposed work, Project cost and Implementing Agencies for Water Supply

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost (in


Lakh)

WS 1

Preparation of DPR for Water Supply System for


the entire town.

5.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P.


and GNP

WS 2

Replacement of present pipe line system in the


town. (3.3 km) 150 dia (cost @ Rs1471)

49.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 3

Extension of present distribution line to cover


the whole of the city (2.1KM) 150MM Dia (cost
@ Rs1471)

31.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 4

Construction of 4 OHT each of capacity 4 MLD


by 2035 in wards 2, 5 ,7 and 12

600.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 5

Construction of two Filtration Plant/ Water


Treatment Plant of capacity 2 MLD in ward
no.1, and 15.

500.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 6

Construction of intake well, pump house with


pumping machinery electrical in along with the
filteration plants indicated in WS-5.

300.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 7

Laying of 450 mm dia Pumping mains intake to


treatment plant

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 8

Laying of 350 mm Pumping main treatment


plant to Rest House

200.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 9

Laying of 250 mm Pumping main from rest


house to OHT

100.00

Govt. of M.P.

WS 10

Water Metered Connection in all Dwelling Units


by 2035 (@ Rs. 150/connection)

32.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

WS 11

Training and Capacity Building of Staff

5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

Sub Total Cost (A)

Department

2022.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Sewerage and Sanitation


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Page 164

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Presently there is no sewage disposal system in the city. The in-house sanitation is about 30% for the
city and is limited to many users. Therefore the future efforts should be made to have 100 percent
coverage on the sewerage sector to minimize the sanitation problem of the city. In this regards, the
following projects are identified:
Table 8.2: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Sewerage and Sanitation

Code No.

Projects proposed

SS 1

Preparation of DPR/Comprehensive Master Plan


for underground Sewerage System for entire
town
SS 2
Construction of DEWATS in each wards Rs 2000
per sq m of land underwet land. Each plant
need around 500 sp. m
SS 3
Construction of treatment plant support
electrical, mechanical equipments
SS 4
Construction of eco-toilets in slum areas and
public place. (Rs 15000 per toilet)
SS 5
Construction of 20 public urinals (@ Rs5000)
SS 6
Construction of individual toilet (Support in
terms f subsidies for 2072 units)
Sub Total Cost (B)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
3.05

Department
UADD, Govt. of M.P. and
GNP

150.00

Govt. of M.P

100.00

Govt. of M.P

54.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

1.00
103.60

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

411.65

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Solid Waste Management


Presently there is lack of infrastructure and capital cost for solid waste management in the city. So the
following projects are identified to achieve the future goals for solid waste management in the city
would be:
Table 8.3: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Solid Waste Management

Code No.

Projects proposed

SWM 1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report for


Municipal Solid Waste Management for entire
town.
SWM 2
Construction maintainance of Sanitary Landfill
Site with other infrastructure facility in ward no.
14 (@Rs1000/ton of waste) exclusive of land
cost
SWM 3
Providing equipments and machines to support
the SWM system
SWM 4
Enhancing the capacity of municipality by
providing Transportation vehicles (2) ,
Container (30) and & Handcart (10)
Sub Total Cost (C)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Department

5.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P. and


GNP

136

Gurh Nagar Parishad

30.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

75.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

246.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Storm Water Drainage
Presently the coverage of the storm water drainage is poor in the city. So the following projects are
identified to minimize the adverse effect of the bad drainage system in the city.
Table 8.4: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Storm Water Drainage

Code No.

Projects proposed

D1

Preparation of DPR for Storm Water Drainage


System for entire town
D2
Construction of new storm water drainage
network to cover the whole town (3 kms.)
(@Rs44 lakh/km)
D3
Converting the Kutcha Nallahs to pucca one by
De-silting, lining and constructing side walls.
3.5km (@Rs 20 lakh/km)
Sub Total Cost (D)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
1.9

Department

120.00

UADD, Govt. of M.P. and


GNP
Govt. of M.P

70.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

191.90

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Traffic and Transportation


The creation of a reliable, comfortable, attractive and affordable traffic management system is the longterm solution for solving the traffic problems in the city. Thus, constructions of new bus stand to provide
a high quality transit system. Provisions of parking facilities are envisaged to solve parking problem and
congestion in core areas. To achieve the goals in this sector the following projects are identified:
Table 8.5: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Traffic and Transportation

Code No.

Projects proposed

TT 1

Development of new Bus Stand on BOOT basis


in ward no. 12
TT 2
Development of access road in ward 14 (2km)
TT 3
Development of footpath/pedestrian along the
major roads. (for 5 km)
TT 4
Construction of 5 parking lots along main roads
and in commercial or market areas
TT 5
Road Widening from 3 m to 4.5 m (major
district roads for 6km.)
TT 6
Improvement of traffic junctions, rotary
development including installation of traffic
light/signals. Intersection of ward (2,5); (4,3);
5,6,7);(7,9,13); (8,9,13) and (10,12,13)
Sub Total Cost (E)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
500.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

100
25.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

25.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

90.00

PWD

90.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

830.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Street Lighting and Fire Fighting

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


With a view to cover the whole streets with lighting facilities and to handle and overcome the
anthropogenic hazards like fire in town the following projects are identified:
Table 8.6: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Street Lighting and Fire Fighting

Code No.

Projects proposed

SL 1

Installation of 218 street lights within the


wards/residential area (33230/- Solar street
light pole)
SL 2
High mast lights at entry points of the City (2
Nos.) and in core area (2 number) (15 lakhs/unit)
SL 3
Procurement of 1 electric pole vehicle
SL 4
Procurement of 2 no. of fire tenders and other
equipment's (one big and one small)
SL 5
Establishment of fire station and staff cost
SL 6
Training & capacity building of staff
Sub Total Cost (F)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
75.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

60.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

25.00
125.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

50.00
5.00
340.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.8.2 Urban Poor


Presently slum is covering 9.25% of the city and there is lack of physical and social infrastructure in most
of the slums as well. So to make the city slum free the following projects are identified in this sector:
Table 8.7: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Urban Poor

Code No.
UP 1

Projects proposed
Construction of 357 DUs in to solve the housing
problems in the slums under IHSDP as per the
availability of suitable Govt. Land (@3.5
lakhs/unit)
Sub Total Cost (G)

Project Cost (in Lakh)


1250.00

Department
MPHB; GNP

1250.00

*PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.8.3 Social Infrastructure


Health Facilities
Most of the population is not served by this because of poor medical infrastructure facilities in terms of
hospital beds and doctors. So the following projects are identified for the overall development of this
sector.
Table 8.8: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Health Facilities

Code No.

Projects proposed

H1

Extension of hospital situated in the premise of


health centre by constructing multi storied
building thereby extending the health facilities

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
150.00

Department
Health Department, Gurh

Page 167

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


H2

Construction of 1 Poly-clinic @10 no. of beds for


2035 in ward no. 14
Sub Total Cost (H)

50.00

Health Department, Gurh

200.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

Educational Facilities
Considering the emerging issues and potentials in the sector, the following projects are identified in the
education sector:

Table 8.9: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Education Facilities

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

E1

Establishment of 2 no. of middle/higher secondary


school (one each in ward no. 15 & 9)(@1
Crore/School)
Establishement of 1 no. of Integrated School with
Hostel Facility in ward no. 8

200.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

500.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

Establishment of 2 nos. of Informal and adult


literacy centers, Anganwadi centers in ward no 15
& 13(@5 lakh each)
Construction of Polytechnic college/ Vocational
Training Institutes and ITIs in ward no. 13

10.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

100.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

50.00

Education Department,
Govt. of M.P.

10.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

70.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

E2
E3

E4
E5

Renovation of school buildings which are in bad


condition

E6

Provision of equipments and necessary


infrastructure like provision of toilets, safe
drinking water, kitchen shed and electricity etc. in
education institutions.
E7
Establishment of Public Library (1 in no.) in ward
no. 7
Sub Total Cost (I)

Department

940.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.8.4 Tourism
Presently the tourism industry is lacking infrastructure facilities and there is lack of active recreational
space in the city. With a goal to enhance the tourism activities in the city the following projects are
identified for improvement of the sector:
Table 8.10: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Tourism

Code No.

Projects proposed

T1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report for river


front development including landscaping,designing

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
5.00

Department
UADD, Govt. of M.P.
and GNP
Page 168

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


and details of infrastructure required
T2
River Front Development along both the side of
river in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14
T3
Development, beautification, plantations along the
river and nallah in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13 and 14.
T4
Promoting Gurh as a transit point by making
provision for a tourist circuit and associated tourism
infrastructure for the surrounding tourist
destination.
Sub Total Cost (J)

130.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

50.00

Tourism Dept. Govt. of


M.P.
Tourism Dept. Govt. of
M.P.

20.00

205.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.8.5 Other Components


Other than the above stated sectors, there are some other projects are identified for the development
of the city.
Table 8.11: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Other Development works

Code No.

Projects proposed

O1

Development of Entrance Gates to town (2 in Nos.)


one towards north side and other towards south on
NH-75.(@5 lakh/unit)
O2
Development of hawker zone in wards no 6.
O3
Construction of one Community Hall and two
Rooms in ward no. 7 and 15
respectively(community hall @ 35 lakh and
Community rooms @15 lakh)
Sub Total Cost (K)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
10.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.00
50.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

65.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.8.6 Urban Reforms & Capacity Building


Table 8.12: Proposed Project, Project Cost and Implementing Agencies for Urban Reforms and Capacity Buildings

Code No.
UR 1

Projects proposed
Computerization of property tax & other assets

UR 2

Billing s/w & collection systems; hardware &


software
UR 3
Training/Manpower Assistance
UR 4
Strengthening Engineering (MIS, AUTOCAD, all h/w
& s/w)
UR 5
Other Management Supports training for
supervisory & staff
Sub Total Cost (L)

Project Cost
(in Lakh)
20.00

Department
Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.00
5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad


Gurh Nagar Parishad

5.00

Gurh Nagar Parishad

40.00

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

10.8.7 Sector Wise Total Cost


Table 8.13: Sector wise Proposed Project and their Cost

Code No.

Sectors

Project Cost (in


Lakh)

Physical Infrastructure
Sub Total Cost (A)

Water Supply

2022.00

Sub Total Cost (B)

Sewerage and Sanitation

411.65

Sub Total Cost (C)

Solid Waste Management

246.00

Sub Total Cost (D)

Storm Water Drainage

191.90

Sub Total Cost (E)

Traffic and Transportation

830.00

Sub Total Cost (F)

Street Lighting and Fire Fighting

340.00

Sub Total Cost (G)

Urban Poor

1250.00

Social Infrastructure
Sub Total Cost (H)

Health Facilities

205.00

Sub Total Cost (I)

Educational Facilities

940.00

Sub Total Cost (J)

Tourism

205.00

Sub Total Cost (K)

Other Components

65.00

Sub Total Cost (L)

Urban Reforms & Capacity Building

40.00

Grand Total

6746.60

* PWD (SOR) April 2011

10.9. City Investment Plan


The city investment plan for the town of Gurh has been divided into five phases as follows:
Phase I (2012-2015)
Phase II (2016-2020)
Phase III (2021-2025)
Phase IV (2026-2030)
Phase V (2031-2035)

10.9.1 City Investment Plan for 2012- 2015 (Phase I)


These projects are to be implemented over the plan period for first phase ( 2012- 2015) as per
following implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing the
projects and the priority decided for the same.
Table 0.1: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase I)

Project Code

Cost of Project (in

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Schedule of Expenditure (% of project cost)


Page 170

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


Lakhs)
Water Supply
WS 2
49
WS 4
600
WS 5
500
WS 6
8
WS 7
200
WS 8
200
WS 9
100
WS 10
32
WS 11
5
Sewerage and Sanitation
SS 2
150
SS 3
100
SS 4
54
SS 5
1.00
Solid Waste Management
SWM 2
136
SWM 3
30
SWM 4
75
Traffic and Transportation
TT 1
500
TT 2
100
TT 3
25
TT 4
25
TT 5
90
TT 6
90
Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
SL 1
75
SL 2
60
SL 3
25
SL 4
125
SL 5
50
SL 6
5
Urban Poor
UP 1
1250
Health Facilities
H1
150
Educational Facilities
E2
500
DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

2012-13

2013-14

50
100
100
50
100
100
30
50

2014-15
50
50

50

10
50
13.3

5
50

50
50
100

50

5
30

20
25
16.6

5
16.6
100
10

70
50
20
20
25

50
5
16.6

20

30
20

20

20
33.3
50
Page 171

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


E3
10
E4
100
E5
50
Tourism
T2
130
T3
50
T4
20
Other Components
O1
10
O2
5
Urban Reforms and Capacity Building
UR 1
20
UR 2
5
UR 3
5
UR 4
5
UR 5
5

100
20
50

20

20
50
20

50
50
100
100
50
100
50
100
50

50
50
50

10.9.2 City Investment Plan for 2016- 2020 (Phase II)


These projects are to be implemented over the plan period for second phase ( 2016- 2020) as
per following implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing
the projects and the priority decided for the same.
Table 0.2: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase II)

Project Code

Cost of
Project (in
Lakhs)

Water Supply
WS 2
49
WS 3
31
WS 10
32
WS 11
5
Sewerage and Sanitation
SS 2
150
SS 3
100
Solid Waste Management
SWM 2
136
SWM 3
30
SWM 4
75
Storm Water Drainage
D2
120
DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

Schedule of Expenditure (% of project cost)


2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

50
10

50

13.3
50

13.3

13.3

13.3

13.3

5
50

50
10

20

30

25
Page 172

City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


D3
70
Traffic and Transportation
TT 1
500
15
TT 2
100
50
TT 3
25
20
TT 4
25
TT 5
90
25
TT 6
90
16.6
Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
SL 1
75
SL 2
60
5
SL 3
25
16.6
SL 5
50
SL 6
5
20
Urban Poor
UP 1
1250
20
Health Facilities
H1
150
33.3
Educational Facilities
E2
500
E4
100
20
E6
10
100
E7
70
100
Tourism
T2
130
20
T3
50
50
Other Components
O3
50

30

30

30

10

15
20

20
20

25
16.6
50
5
16.6

5
16.6

16.6

5
16.6

5
70

20

10

20

20

33.3
50
20

20

20

20

100

10.9.3 City Investment Plan for 2021- 2025 (Phase III)


These projects are to be implemented over the plan period for second phase ( 2016- 2020) as
per following implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing
the projects and the priority decided for the same.
Table 0.3: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase III)

Project Code

Cost of
Project (in
Lakhs)

Schedule of Expenditure (% of project cost)

2020-21

2021-22

2022-23

2023-24

2024-25

Water Supply
DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


WS 10
32
Sewerage and Sanitation
SS 2
150
13.3
Solid Waste Management
SWM 2
136
5
SWM 4
75
Storm Water Drainage
D2
120
Traffic and Transportation
TT 4
25
TT 6
90
Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
SL 2
60
5
Tourism
T4
20
50

10
6.6
5
20

25
20
16.6
5

16.6
5

10.9.4 City Investment Plan for 2026- 2030 (Phase IV)


These projects are to be implemented over the plan period for second phase ( 2026- 2030) as
per following implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing
the projects and the priority decided for the same.
Table 0.4: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase IV)

Project Code

Cost of
Project (in
Lakhs)

Schedule of Expenditure (% of project cost)

2025-26
Water Supply
WS 10
32
Solid Waste Management
SWM 2
136
5
Storm Water Drainage
D2
120
Traffic and Transportation
TT 4
25
TT 6
90
17
Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
SL 2
60
5

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

2026-27

2027-28

2028-29

2029-30

10
5

25
20

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.


10.9.5 City Investment Plan for 2031- 2035 (Phase V)
These projects are to be implemented over the plan period for second phase ( 2031- 2035) as
per following implementation schedule worked out on the basis of time involved in completing
the projects and the priority decided for the same.
Table 0.5: Sector wise Project cost and Yearly Schedule of Expenditure (Phase V)

Project Code

Cost of
Project (in
Lakhs)

Schedule of Expenditure (% of project cost)

2030-31
Water Supply
WS 10
32
Solid Waste Management
SWM 2
136
Storm Water Drainage
D2
120
Traffic and Transportation
TT 4
25
Street Lighting and Fire Fighting
SL 2
60
Health Facilities
H2
50
Educational Facilities
E1
200

2031-32

2032-33

2033-34

10
5

2034-35
10

25
20
5

5
100

100

10.9.6 Financing plan:


As stated above, the required projects have been categorized under various sectors. Each
sector comprises of a number of projects. Financing options for the projects in each sector
could be either one or a combination of the following:

Central Governments Grants: Under Central Government funding there are many
scheme are sponsored by the Government of India like JNNURM, NUIS, UIDSSMT, and
Urban Statistics for HR & Assessment, Rajiv Awas Yojana etc.

State Governments Grants & Loans: State Government also transfers funds to
municipal body based on stamp revenue share, Transport and other funds.

International Funding Agency: International funding agency include multilateral bodies


like World Bank, Asian development Bank etc.

Municipal body: Under domestic funding agency mainly Urban Local Bodies comes.

Financing Institutions: Financing Institutions includes majorly Banks etc.

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Private Operator: Under this category mainly private sectors are included.

Based on the availability of funds with each of the above and their willingness to provide
grants/loans, the projects could be funded.
The suggested pattern of funding is as under:

Private Operator

Graph 10-1: Financing Option- Water Supply

Graph 10-2: Financing Option- Sewerage & Sanitation

Private Operator

Graph 10-3: Financing Option- Solid Waste


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd., Noida
ManagementSanitation

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City Development Plan, Gurh, M.P.

Private Operator

Graph 10-4: Financing Option- Strom water Drainage

Private Operator

Graph 10-5: Financing Option-Traffic & Transportation

20%
35%

State
Governments
Grants
Central
Governments
Grants
Private Operator

45%

Graph 10-6: Financing Option: Street Lighting & Fire


Fighting
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Graph 10.7: Financing Option- Urban Poor Fighting

Private Operator

Graph 10-8: Financing Option- Health facility

Private Operator

Graph 10-1: Financing Option- Education Sector


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Graph 10-2: Financing Option- Tourism

Private Operator

Graph 10-3: Financing Option- Other Components

Municipal Council

Private Operator

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Graph 10-4: Financing Option- Urban Reforms & Capacity Building

Table 0.6: Overall financing plan of investment plans:


Funding agencies

Rs. (In Lakhs)

Rs. (In Percentage)

Central Government

1897.8

30%

State Government

2530.4

40%

Municipal Body

1265.2

20%

Private sector

632.6

10%

TOTAL

6326

100%

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Normal Growth (@12%)
Table 0.7: Revenue Collection from 2008-2035 at Normal Growth rate of 12%
Year
Income
(in
lakhs)

200809

200910

201011

201112

201213

201314

201415

201516

201617

201718

201819

201920

202021

202122

202223

202324

202425

202627

778.00

202526
871.3
6

975.93

202728
1093.
04

106.95

148.35

159.19

178.30

199.69

223.66

250.50

280.56

314.22

351.93

394.16

441.46

494.43

553.77

620.22

694.64

202829
1224.2
0

202930
1371.1
0

203031
1535.6
4

202526

202627

1295.4
1

2031
-32
1719
.91

203233
1926.3
0

203334
2157.
46

203435
2416.
36

202728

202829

202930

203031

203132

203233

203334

203435

1476.7
6

1683.5
1

1919.2
0

2187.8
9

2494.1
9

2843.3
8

3241.4
5

3695
.26

Performing Growth (@14%)


Table 0.8: Revenue Collection from 2008-2035 at Performing Growth rate of 14%
Year
Income
(in
lakhs)

200809

200910

201011

201112

201213

201314

201415

201516

201617

201718

201819

201920

202021

202122

202223

202324

202425

106.95

148.35

159.19

181.48

206.89

235.85

268.87

306.52

349.43

398.35

454.12

517.69

590.17

672.79

766.98

874.36

996.77

1136.
32

As shown in the tables of revenue collection through three scenarios from 2008 to 2035, first is natural growth rate at 12% per annum which is around Rs. 2416.36 lakhs, second is performing growth rate
at 14% per annum which is around Rs. 3695.26 lakhs.

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CHAPTER 11
Urban Reforms

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11. URBAN REFORMS


11.1

Background

The main thrust of the development strategies is to ensure improvement in urban governance so that Urban
Local Bodies (ULBs) and para-statal agencies become financially sound with enhanced credit rating and ability
to access market capital for undertaking new programmes and expansion of services. In this improved
environment, public-private participation models for provisioning of various services would also become
feasible. To achieve this objective, State Governments, Urban Local Bodies and para-statal agencies will be
required to accept implementation of an agenda of reforms. The proposed reforms shall broadly fall into
two categories:-

Mandatory reforms

Optional reforms

All the mandatory and optional reforms shall be implemented by the State/ULB/Para-Statals within the
Scheme period.

11.2 Objectives of reforms:

Improvement of urban governance

To make ULBs financially sound

To enable ULBs to access market capital

To enable ULBs to undertake new programs and expand services

11.3 Need for reform initiatives

Harnessing the Potential of Reforms in Urban Infrastructure


o reforms to meet development objectives
o investor create an investor-friendly environment

National Need for National-Reform level

Reform-Linked Investments
o Reform linked assistance to State Governments and ULBs.
o Integrate reform initiatives to catalyze investments in urban infrastructure.

Need for Sustainable Infrastructure Development


o link between asset creation and management through reforms

Need for Efficiency Enhancement.

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11.4 Structure of reforms


Graph 5: Structure of Reforms

Reforms

Mandatory

State
Government

ULBs & ParaStatal

Optional

State
Government

ULBs & ParaStatal

11.5 MANDATORY REFORMS:


Urban Local Body Reforms (at ULB Level)
i) Adoption of modern, accrual-based double entry system of accounting in Urban Local Bodies.
ii) Introduction of system of e-governance using IT applications like GIS and MIS for various services provided
by ULBs.
iii) Reform of property tax with GIS, so that it becomes major source of revenue for Urban Local Bodies
(ULBs) and arrangements for its effective implementation so that collection efficiency reaches at least 85%
within the Mission period.
iv) Levy of reasonable user charges by ULBs/Para-statals with the objective that full cost of operation and
maintenance is collected within the Mission period
v) Internal earmarking within local body budgets for basic services to the urban poor.
vi) Provision of basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at affordable prices, improved
housing, water supply, sanitation and ensuring delivery of other already existing universal services of the
government for education, health and social security.

State Level Reforms


i) Implementation of decentralization measures as envisaged in Seventy Fourth Constitutional Amendment.
States should ensure meaningful association/engagement of ULBs in planning function of Para- statals as well
as delivery of services to the citizens.
ii) Rationalization of Stamp Duty to bring it down to no more than 5% within the Mission period.
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iii) Enactment of community participation law to institutionalize citizen participation and introducing the
concept of the Area Sabha in urban areas.
iv) Assigning or associating elected ULBs into town planning function over a period of five years;
transferring all special agencies that deliver civic services in urban areas and creating accountability platforms
for all urban civic service providers in transition.

11.6 OPTIONAL REFORMS (State and ULB/Para-statal level)


i) Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act.
ii) Amendment of Rent Control Laws balancing the interest of landlords and tenants.
iii) Enactment of Public Disclosure Law to ensure preparation of medium-term fiscal plan of ULBs and release
of quarterly performance information to all stakeholders.
iv) Revision of bye-laws to streamline the approval process for construction of buildings, development of
sites, etc.
v) Simplification of legal and procedural frameworks for conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural
purposes.
vi) Introduction of Property Title Certification System in ULBs.
vii) Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing projects (both Public and Private Agencies)
for EWS/LIG category with a system of cross subsidization.
viii) Introduction of computerized process of registration of land and property.
ix) Revision of bye-laws to make rain water harvesting mandatory in all buildings to come up in future and for
adoption of water conservation measures.
x) Bye-laws on reuse of recycled water.
xi) Administrative reforms, i.e., reduction in establishment by bringing out voluntary retirement schemes,
non-filling up of posts falling vacant due to retirement etc., and achieving specified milestones in this regard.
xii) Structural reforms
xiii) Encouraging Public-Private partnership.

11.7 Status of Mandatory & optional Reforms:


A.

Mandatory Reforms

1.

Urban Local Body Reforms (at ULB level)

i.

Adoption of modern, accrual-based double entry system of


accounting in Urban Local Bodies

ii.

Introduction of system of e-governance using IT applications Not yet implemented


like GIS and MIS for various services provided by ULBs

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iii.

Reform of property tax with GIS, so that it becomes major


source of revenue for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and
arrangements for its effective implementation so that
collection efficiency reaches at least 85% within the mission
period.

iv.

Levy of reasonable user charges by ULBs/ Para-statal with


the objective that full cost of operation and maintenance is
collected within the mission period. However, cities/ towns
in North East and other special category states may recover
at least 50% of operation and maintenance charges initially.
These cities / towns should graduate to full O&M cost
recovery in a phased manner.

v.

vi.

Internal earmarking within local body budgets for basic


services to the urban poor.
Provision of basic services to urban poor including security
of tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water
supply, sanitation and ensuring delivery of other already
existing universal services of the government for education,
health and social security.

Computerized property tax


system is yet to be introduced.

O&M charges have been


implemented.

User charges like in


water billing etc. have
been started.

It is implemented.

It is implemented.

2.

State Level Reforms

i.

Implementation of decentralization measures as envisaged


in Seventy Fourth Constitutional Amendment. States
should ensure meaningful association / engagement of ULBs
in planning function of Parastatals as well as delivery of
services to the citizens.

It is implemented.

ii.

Rationalization of Stamp Duty to bring it down to no more


than 5% within the mission period

Not implemented yet.

iii.

Enactment of Public Disclosure law to ensure preparation of


medium-term fiscal plan of ULBs release of quarterly
performance information to all stakeholders.

It is under consideration.

iv.

Enactment of community participation law to


institutionalize citizen participation and introducing the
concept of the Area Sabha in urban areas

It is under consideration.

v.

Assigning or associating elected ULBs into town planning


function over a period of five years; transferring all special
agencies that deliver civic services in urban areas and
creating accountability platforms for all urban civic service
providers in transition.

It is implemented.

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B.

Optional Reforms

i.

Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act.

ii.

Amendment of Rent Control Laws balancing the interest of


landlords and tenants.
Revision of bye-laws to streamline the approval process for
construction of buildings, development of sites, etc.

iii.

It is implemented.

It is implemented.

It is implemented.

NIC is working under the


Town & Country
Planning.

iv.

Simplification of legal and procedural frameworks for


conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural
purposes.

It is under consideration.

v.

Introduction of Property Title Certification System in ULBs.

Not yet implemented.

vi.

Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing


projects (both Public and Private Agencies) for EWS/LIG
category with a system of cross subsidization.

It is implemented.

vii.

Introduction of computerized process of registration of land


and property.

Not yet started.

Revision of bye-laws to make rain water harvesting


mandatory in all buildings to come up in future and for
adoption of water conservation measures.

Not yet started.

ix.

Bye-laws on reuse of recycled water.

Not yet stated.

x.

Administrative reforms, i.e., reduction in establishment by


bringing out voluntary retirement schemes, non-filling up of
posts falling vacant due to retirement, etc., and achieving
specified milestones in this regard.

It is implemented.

xi.

Structural reforms

It is under process.

xii.

Encouraging Public-Private partnership

It is implemented.

viii.

11.8 Issues

There have been no mandatory reforms laid down for the town.
The municipal staff lacks in adequate awareness of the reform agenda and technical advancement.

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The Nagar Parishad is not well equipped with the necessary systems for implementing reforms and
improving efficiency. Systems include new methods of register maintenance, data storage and
retrieval, etc. Most of the work happens in an ad-hoc manner without laid out procedures.
The Nagar Parishad needs to coordinate with Para-statals such as, Public Health Engineering
Department, Housing Board etc.
It has been found that while the local people have a lot of problems and they want to participate and
bring to the notice to the authorities for their problems, the absence of a proper grievance redressal
system has made it very difficult for the local.
Low Efficiency of service delivery in various aspects such as extent of collection of property tax and
other taxes, poor maintenance of roads, poor sanitary conditions, inappropriate solid waste
management practices, inadequate street light provision, etc.
Lack of data/Information Base which could help in the development of area.

11.9 Town Specific Strategies and Action Plan

Private Sector Participation in development, management and financing of Urban Infrastructure


would be clearly delineated.
Funds for identified Towns/Cities would be released to the designated State Nodal Agency, which in
turn would leverage additional resources from the State Govt.
A revolving fund would be created to take care of operation and maintenance of various assets
created under the Mission.
Some demonstration/ presentation should be started to awareness municipal staff about reform
agenda and reforms.
Arrangement of well-equipped necessary systems for implementing reforms and improving efficiency
of Nagar Parishad, which may include new methods of register maintenance, data storage and
retrieval, etc.
A well framed coordinate system between Nagar Parishad and Para-statals should be designed for
better management.
e- Governance should be incorporated in grievance redressal system.
A rich Data/Information base arrangement should be maintain to address the specific problems and
solution for the same.

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CHAPTER 11
City Vision

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12. Town Vision


12.1 Summary of Sectoral Strategies:
Water Supply:

Quantity of
supply to be
135
lpcd, Quality as
per standards

Provision of community
stand posts in all slum
areas, public
places, parks, temples

100 percent
population
coverage of
treated water

100 percent water supply coverage which includes the present as well as the future demand by 2035.

Quality and quantity should be ensured as per the standards for the future population. The coverage
of the water supply system can be enhanced by providing community taps or stand posts in all slum
areas, public places and in recreation areas.

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Waste Water Management:

100 percent
population
coverage by
sewerage
system

Provision of
community
toilet blocks
near public
places to
ensure
sanitation

Decentralised
waste water
treatment

Presently there is no sewage disposal system in the town or most of the households have their own
arrangements for the disposal. Therefore for future efforts should be made to have 100 percent coverage for
waste water to minimize the sanitation problem of the town. In this regards, the following steps can
considered:

Community toilet blocks should be provided near riverside, market places, in slum areas and core
town areas where there is limited scope of expansion of the dwelling units to have toilet in it.

Sewage treatment system for treatment of the sewage before disposal.

There should be government interventions in providing toilets in urban poor settlements, in which
the government can act as a facilitator or provider.

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Storm Drainage:

100 percent
coverage of
the city

Lining of all
natural
drains or
nalas
Covering of
all open
drains or
nalas

Flood control
measures in low
lying areas

Considering the present drainage system, the following goals would be set to minimize the adverse effect of
poor drainage system:

100 percent coverage of the town through proper drainage system by 2035.

Converting the kutcha nalas to pucca ones, covering of all open drains and lining of all natural drains
and nalas.

Encroachment on the low lying natural drainage channel should be minimized so that flow of water
will not be blocked.

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Solid Waste Management:

100 percent
coverage of
the city

Sanitary land
fill and virmicomposting
Provision of
of organic
sweepers, vehicles wastes
and equipment as
per standards
Treatment of solid
waste before
disposal

Present solid waste system is not covering all parts of the town. So the future direction for solid waste
management would be as follows:

Covering the whole part of the town including the present as well as the future developments.

Special care should be given to manage wastes that are generated on any auspicious days on river
beds.

Segregation of hazardous wastes like bio medical waste, bio degradable waste etc. and treatment of
solid waste before disposal.

Encourage participation of NGOs or CBOs in solid waste management.

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Street Lighting:

Special
lighting at
Lake, rivers
, monumen
ts and
100 percent
coverage of the other
city to ensure public
safety for the places
residents as
well as the
tourists

Use of modern
technology, ener
gy saving
equipments like
solar light.

Considering the present street lighting situation in the town, the future goals for 2035 would be:

Ensure 100 percent coverage in town to ensure safety and security for all the residents and the
tourists coming to the town.

Care should be given to provide street lights in public gathering spaces and recreation spaces like
lake, rivers, monuments and parks.

Use of modern power saving technology should be encouraged.

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Roads and Transportation:

Improve road and


rail connectivity
Improve
public bus
stand facility
Improve existing
road network in
terms of road
surfacing, geomet
rics and signals

Though there is opportunity for improved transportation system, there is lacking in the present road
networks and transport facilities. To improve the current situation and to address the future demand the
goals would be as follows:

Improvement of the existing road networks in terms of road geometry, road surfacing and traffic
signals etc.

For intra as well as inter-town movement public transport facilities should be improved.

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Slums:

Ownership
rights

Skill
development
and economic
upliftment

Slum
Environment
Improvement

As slum is a major problem in the town. So the follows steps can be taken to make the town slum free.

Encouraging slum improvement schemes like improvement of physical i.e water supply, drainage,
sanitation facilities as well as social infrastructure like education, health facilities in the slums.

Providing land ownership to the slum dwellers.

Involvement of NGOs should be encouraged for improvement of slums.

Community participation should be emphasized in any of the schemes launched by the govt. or
NGOs.

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Health Facilities:

Facilitating
specialised
medical
care

Promotin
g Health
tourism

Increasing the
number of
hospitals by
making
available more
land for new
hospitals, there
by increasing
beds and
doctors

The future goals for the health facilities would be as follows:

Providing land for new hospitals, increase beds and no, of doctors in the existing hospital and health
care centres.

Specialized medical services should be facilitated in the town.

By providing proper health facilities in the town, health tourism can be promoted in the area which
will serve the region and generate economy for the town.

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Education:

Facilitating
Specialised
Facilitating education
vocational opportunitie
s
training
centres for
Facilitating adult skill
provision of impartation
more
for gainful
schools, the employment
reby
/ self
increasing employment
no. of seats
and
improving
literacy

Considering the emerging issues and potentials the following goals would be derived for addressing the
future requirements:

Facilitating provision of more number of schools at the primary and secondary education level and
providing required infrastructure facilities for the sector.

For adult skill up gradation as well as self-employment opportunities, establishment of vocational


school should be encouraged.

Public awareness programmes should be encouraged in urban poor areas as they are not willing to
educate their children.

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Tourism:

Facilitating
infrastructure
for specialised
tourist
attractions
Water
such as
sports, the
National
me
parks, boati Parks, etc.
ng, etc.

Improvement of
sites of
monuments and
other heritage
structures for
attracting
tourists

Having the great potential for tourism development in the town, the following goals can be derived for future
development in the sector:

River front development and lake/river based activities like water sports, theme park and boating
etc. to encourage tourism.

Promoting Town as a transit point for the surrounding tourism destination.

Facilitating infrastructure in terms of good connectivity, hotels and resorts to attract tourists.

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Economy

Forest
based
activities

Tourism
and
Support
economic
activities

Agri Based
commercial
activities, Ot
her economic
activities

For the economic up-liftment of the Town town, the following goals can be set:

As the town is surrounded by large chunk of agricultural land, therefore agricultural based
commercial activities should be encouraged for the economic development of the town.

Forest based activities like selling of forest products can be another way of development economy of
the people.

As Town has high potential for tourism development, so tourism related activities like hotel industry,
tourist transportation should be encourage to form a major source of income generation activity for
many people.

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12.2 Town Vision:


The vision for Town has been evolved as under:
To develop a commercial town which is economically vibrant, ecologically sustainable and environmentally
pleasing; a town which will meet the aspirations of the local residents as well as the tourists alike and is
manageable.

Economically
Vibrant

a
commercial
hub

Ecologically
Sustainable

Environmentally
Pleasing

In order to achieve the above vision, strategies have been suggested in the next chapter. Ultimately, these
strategies would be translated into tangible projects which would be viable and implementable.

12.3 Town Positioning:


Town has been positioned as a commercial hub by boosting local economy and at the same time also
showcasing various cultural as well as natural assets. This strategy has been adopted on account of the fact
that there is a great potential for Town to emerge as a commercial destination, given the fact that it has
excellent rail connectivity and rail infrastructure. At the same time, there are various natural assets such as
the forests, river and lake water and national parks nearby. This positioning of the town can give the town a
much needed boost for the local economy and lead to prosperity and economic vibrancy.

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The concept is illustrated in the diagram given below:

River and
Lake

Economy

Rail
Infrstructure

Parks

Forests

Governance

Temples

Monuments

Commercial
Hub

Economic Rejuvenation:
Commercial Activities There are many agro based activities which are related to agricultural
produce. There is a need to boost this area by creating suitable structures so that more people find
gainful self-employment in these activities. For this, it is necessary that land be allotted for creating
facilities for manufacture, storage, display and sale of these products.

Tourism Related Activities The water bodies and other tourist attractions have not been
adequately developed. It is proposed that once these are developed in the form of tourist circuits,
with transportation linkages, boarding and lodging facilities and other related tourism infrastructure,
with adequate marketing and publicity, tourism could be promoted in this region. The water bodies
can also be an area for development of parks, boating and water sport activities. This can also have a
spin off in terms of forward and backward linkages and employment generation for the local
population.

Religious Activities The local temples and parks are held in great reverence by the local
population and regularly, festivals and functions are held. Therefore, proper developments of these
sites along with facilities for the piligrims are needed so as to cater to the local sentiments of the
people.

Infrastructure Development
There cannot be two opinions on the fact that the civic infrastructure of Town needs to be improved. The
strategy for this is to urgently undertake projects, as identified later in this chapter, so that the required
facilities and amenities area provided to the residents in a timely manner so that the basic quality of life can
be achieved.

Slum Improvement
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Slum improvement has to form a central part of town improvement. The strategy for improving the slums is
to upgrade them in-situ. There is a need to prepare a detailed plan for improving the slums and it is
suggested that tenure rights may be granted to the dwellers that do not have the title so that they are able
to upgrade their shelter on their own as there is no fear of eviction.

Governance and Reforms


For the local administration to implement all the projects under the town development plan in the first
instance and later, to maintain the new assets created thereby, it is necessary that the Nagar Parishad be
strengthened. Operations, particularly revenue collection needs to be computerized so that data is clearly
monitored and defaults can be identified on a periodic basis. This would help in proper resource
mobilization. Further, migration from a fund based or cash based system of accounting to a double entry
accounting mechanism is also a must. To do this at a later stage would be more time consuming and difficult.
Therefore, when the municipality is small, it is better to put the modern systems and computerization of
service delivery in place.

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ANNEXURES

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COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY
S

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WATER
TANK

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3
WARD NO-7

LEGENDS

NH 75

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4

SIDHI

NAGAR
PARISAD

WARD NO-6

CS
HOSPITAL

WARD NO-11

HAWKER HERITAGE
STAND BUILDING

WATER BODY

HIGHER
SECONDARY
SCHOOL

LPG GAS
GODOWN

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9

WARD BOUNDARY

WARD NO-12
WARD NO-10

POST
OFFICE

BS
BUS
STAND

RIVER

POND

POND

WARD NO-13
WATER
TANK

COMMERCIAL AREA

WARD NO-15

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

50 M

100 M

250m

500m

25 M

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

EXISTING ROAD
S

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WATER
TANK

LEGENDS

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3
WARD NO-7

WATER BODY

NH 75

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4

SIDHI

NAGAR
PARISAD

WARD NO-6

CS
HOSPITAL

WARD NO-11

HERITAGE
BUILDING

WARD BOUNDARY

HIGHER
SECONDARY
SCHOOL

LPG GAS
GODOWN

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9

RIVER

WARD NO-12
WARD NO-10

POST
OFFICE

BS
BUS
STAND

NATIONAL HIGHWAY

POND

POND

WARD NO-13
WATER
TANK

MAJOR ROADS
WARD NO-15

OTHER ROADS

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

50 M

100 M

250m

500m

25 M

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

LITERACY RATE
WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3
WARD NO-7

LEGENDS
WATER BODY

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4
WARD NO-6
WARD NO-11

WARD BOUNDARY

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9
WARD NO-12

RIVER

WARD NO-10

POND

LITERACY RATE

POND

WARD NO-13

BELOW 50

WARD NO-15

BETWEEN 50 TO 60

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

50 M

100 M

250m

500m

ABOVE 60

25 M

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

SEX RATIO
WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3
WARD NO-7

LEGENDS
WATER BODY

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4
WARD NO-6
WARD NO-11

WARD BOUNDARY

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9
WARD NO-12

RIVER

WARD NO-10

POND

SEX RATIO

POND

WARD NO-13

BELOW 900

WARD NO-15

BETWEEN 900 TO 950

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

50 M

100 M

250m

500m

BETWEEN 950 TO 1000

25 M

ABOVE 1000

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

SOCIA INFRASTRUCTURE
S

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WATER
TANK

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3

LEGENDS

WARD NO-7

NH 75

PRIMARY
SCHOOL

WATER BODY

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4

SIDHI

NAGAR
PARISAD

WARD NO-6

WARD BOUNDARY

CS
HOSPITAL

WARD NO-11

HERITAGE
BUILDING

HIGHER
SECONDARY
SCHOOL

LPG GAS
GODOWN

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9
WARD NO-12

RIVER

WARD NO-10

POST
OFFICE

BS
BUS
STAND

TREATMENT PLAN

POND

POND

WARD NO-13
WATER
TANK

WARD NO-15

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

50 M

100 M

250m

500m

25 M

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

WARD BOUNDARY
WARD NO-1

REWA

NH

75
WARD NO-2

WARD NO-14

WARD NO-3
WARD NO-7

WARD NO-5
WARD NO-4
WARD NO-6
WARD NO-11

WARD NO-8
WARD NO-9

LEGENDS

WARD NO-12
WARD NO-10

WATER BODY

POND

POND

WARD NO-13

WARD BOUNDARY

WARD NO-15

SCALE:
150 M

50 M

100 M

RIVER
50 M

100 M

250m

500m

25 M

Client:Urban Administration And


Developmant Department,
Madhya Pradesh.l

Project coordination:City Manager's Association


Madhya Pradesh

Submitted By:-

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
GURH
Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

Physical Infrastructure: Water Supply


Introduction
The infrastructure of a town is one of the crucial considerations for towns economic development and
its investment climate. Water supply is one of the key physical infrastructures required for the sustained
growth and development of a town. Gurh being a small town and located strategically has a good
potential for the future growth. Keeping in view the present and future requirement of the water
supply, it becomes imperative to think of and devise the best mechanism to augment the water supply
need and demand. The two rivers Bichhiya and Renuka are seasonal rivers which limits the scope of
tapping the surface water for the drinking water supply. The water supply system requires an
assessment be made of its coverage, quantity and quality, as also the demand supply gap. Finally, it can
be possible to come out with the requisite solution to the problem of water supply in current scenario
and innovation will be needed to augment the water supply to cater to the projected demand for water.

Sources of Water Supply


The water supply system in Gurh Nagar Parishad is
predominantly depending on ground water. The nine
tube wells scattered over various parts of the town are
the main source of piped supply of water. The installed
capacity of the overhead tanks is 3.25 mld and 1.25 in
ward no. 3 and 13 respectively. There are around 23
open wells and there are around 160 handpumps in the
town.
The quality of water drawn from river is fairly good.
There is no detectable odour & taste and the colour is
found to be turbid. The city encounters bit water
shortage during summers when Bichhiya and Renuka
River dries up and water table falls down. The current
ground water level is at the depth of 70 to 80 feets.

0-1 Over Head Tank in ward 13

The two rivers Bichiya and Renuka being seasonal rivers, water is not tapped for supply in the town.
Thus, we can see that Gurh is mainly dependant on the ground water for drinking water supply.

Water Distribution System


The present water distribution system includes water pipelines. There are 2 Over Head Tanks (OHT) in
Gurh with 3.25 lakh litre and 1.25 lakh litre capacity. Both are in good working condition. 1 hour daily
water is supplied in the connected wards no 3 and 13. Number of connections is 100. There is 6 public

i|Page

hand pum provided by the parishad. There are three water tankers in the Nagar Parishad. Ward no 15 is
served by water tanker during summer season.
To meet the present demand of water for town, water is
being supplied from dug well through pumps of
different capacity installed at nearby Bichhiya and
Renuka River. In addition, there are 5 Tube Wells is
distributed in various part of town through network
pipeline connected with the major pipeline. The ward
no. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have working water
supply network. The ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont have
any water supply network.
Thus, the town get majority of water supply directly
from these tube wells located in various part of town
without any treatment. The per capita supply is 1-2 Municipal water supply
estimated under the existing supply system which is
very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd.

Other Sources
In addition to the main sources, a significant volume of ground
water is also extracted through hand pumps and wells installed at
various locations. There are around 23 open wells. And there are
around 160 hand-pumps in the town. People mostly depend on
these sources of water as the water supply is not sufficient to cater
to the demand of the water wherever there is water supply line.
And some areas have no any water supply line in the town.
Figure 1-3 Handpump

Water Distribution Arrangements


The present water distribution system includes water pipelines system which is not sufficient. The water
distribution arrangement includes - two OHTs and hand pumps. The town get majority of water supply
through the network pipelines laid down in different part of the town. These network lines are linked
with main pipelines coming from the nine tube wells (located in various parts of the town). Water during
summer seasons or in emergencies and other occasions/functions are also supplied through Water
Tankers. Presently there are 2 Water Tankers with a capacity of 4500 liters with Nagar Parishad.

ii | P a g e

Table 1: Silent Feature of Water Supply System in Gurh


Description

Details

Sources of Water Supply

River Bichhiya and Renuka; Tube Wells and Hand


Pumps

No. of Tube Wells

9 Nos.

Description regarding Storage

Capacity in Lakh Liters

3.25 LL; 1.25 LL

2 OHT

No. of Hand pumps

160 Nos. (Municipal)


200 Nos. (Private) estimated

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad (GNP)

Internal Distribution Network


As far as the internal distribution network for water supply is concerned, the water pipelines have been
laid down mainly along the major roads side. Hand pumps and own wells & tube wells are the major
sources of water in these wards.
As per census 2001, out of total 2167 household, 61% of household have handpumps for water supply
followed by 34% through well and 4% from tubewell provided by Nagar Parisad.

0% 1%
0% 0%
Tap

34%

Handpump
Tubewell

61%

Well
Tank, Pond, Lake
River, Canal

4%

Figure 1: Distribution of Houses by Sources of Water (as per Census 2001)

iii | P a g e

Spring
Any other

20%

23%

Within Premises
Near Premises

57%

Away

Figure 2: Distribution of Houses by Location


23% householdes have accesss to water within their premises and 57% have water supply sources near
their premises.

Figure 3: Water Supply Lines - Gurh

iv | P a g e

Present and Future Demand and Supply Gaps


As per the provisional figures of census 2011 Gurh Nagar Parishad had a total population of 14590.
According to the existing system a large percentage of population is dependent on hand pumps, wells
and other sources for day to day need of water. As per the projected population the water demand has
been estimated till 2035.
Table 2: Projected Future demand Water Supply

Year

Projected Population

Projected
Water
Demand
Present
@ 135 lpcd (in Supply
MLD)

2011

14590

1.97

0.97

2012

14828

2.00

1.00

2013

15070

2.03

1.03

2014

15316

2.07

1.07

2015

15567

2.10

1.10

2020

16838

2.27

1.27

2025

18212

2.46

1.46

2030

19699

2.66

1.66

2035

21308

2.88

1.88

Water Demand-Supply
Gap

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines


Table 2: Present and Future Requirement/Demand and Gap Assessment Water Supply

Years

Population

Projected
Water
Demand
@ 135 lpcd
(in MLD)

2011

14590

1.97

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.15

1.15

2012

14828

2.00

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.18

1.18

v|Page

Fire
Demand
(1%)
(MLD)

Industrial
Demand
(3%)

Considering
Losses (5%)

Total
Demand
(MLD)

Supply
Gaps
(MLD)

2013

15070

2.03

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.22

1.22

2014

15316

2.07

0.02

0.06

0.10

2.25

1.25

2015

15567

2.10

0.02

0.06

0.11

2.29

1.29

2020

16838

2.27

0.02

0.07

0.11

2.48

1.48

2025

18212

2.46

0.02

0.07

0.12

2.68

1.68

2030

19699

2.66

0.03

0.08

0.13

2.90

1.90

2035

21308

2.88

0.03

0.09

0.14

3.14

2.14

Source: Population Projection & DMG Assessment as per UDPFI Guidelines


Note: The demand of water for firefighting, industries and losses has been assessed by taking %age of
water required.

Comparative Analysis with UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


Presently under the existing water supply system, the per capita supply of 21.20 liters per day is
estimated for town which is very low as compared to the prevalent national standards of 135 lpcd.
(UDPFI Guidelines). These figures however, represent only the production from all sources. Actual
quantity reaching the consumers is even lower as 21.20 lpcd due to high Unaccounted Water Flow
(UWF) of 15,000 liters per day. Thus, the water supply system in the town requires augmentation
schemes on urgent basis.
Table 3: Performance Indicators Water Supply
S.
No.

Indicators

Unit

Current
Status

Normative Standard

Daily per capita supply

Liters

21.20

135

Roads covered with distribution network

Percent

Storage capacity with respect to current Percent


supply

0.00

100

Storage capacity with respect to proposed Percent


supply for the next fifteen year period.

0.00

100

Available treatment capacity with respect Percent


to supply

0.00

100

Assessment

10

85

vi | P a g e

covered

by

service Percent

S.
No.

Indicators

Unit

Current
Status

Normative Standard

>5

connections
Proportion of non domestic service Percent
connection

Source: Computed based on the data collected from Gurh Nagar Parishd

SWOT Analysis
Based on the existing situational analysis and extensive participatory consultation with primary and
secondary stakeholders, Citys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats have been assessed.
Table below presents the SWOT analysis at city level.

STRENGTH

Good quality of water is available from all


the sources

Bichhiya and Renuka are boon to Gurh


Town which is passing through the town.

River water is fairly good.

Ground water level is good and the


average annual rainfall is also good.

WEAKNESS

The water distribution system is very old


and has leakage problem due to which
pressure remains low.

Around 10% of the water is lost during


distribution.

The distribution system has limited


coverage. Pipelines are mainly laid along the
major roads, distribution lines are not there
in internal areas.

The capacity of water treatment plant is


underutilized.

Lack of technical/ skilled man power to


handle the system

Present per capita supply is 21.20 lpcd,


which is very less as compared to the
standard of 135 lpcd as per UDPFI
Guidelines.

OPPORTUNITY

Bichhiya and Renuka River is passing


through the town. The abundant water is

vii | P a g e

THREAT

There are several drains/ storm water drains

available throughout the year.

Chief Minister Urban water supply scheme


sanctioned.

Opportunity to supply 24 hours water


supply. By connecting to Ban Sagar project
of water.

Rain water harvesting can be introduced

out falling in the Bichhiya and Renuka River.

Issues

The water distribution system is very old and has leakage problem due to which pressure
remains low.

All the existing are not utilised to its full potential due to leakage.

There is lack of technical/ skilled man power to handle the system.

The distribution system has limited coverage. Pipelines are mainly laid along the major roads, is
a major constraint in distributing water to the end user in internal areas.

There is a large scale of demand and supply gap, which is likely to be increase drastically in
future with respect to increase in population if no measures were taken to augment the water
supply system.

Per capita supply is low (21.20 lpcd) against the standard norm of 135 lpcd.

Ground water is main source of water supply which strains the ground water table.

The tariff collection efficiency of water charges is low.

City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


Goals and Service Outcomes
Considering the above issues and challenges, the following goals for different horizon years have been
identified in the following table. The water supply coverage and access to piped water supply in Gurh
Nagar Parishad needs to be enhanced to 100% by the year 2035. The per capita water supply should be
maintained as per the norm of 135 lpcd at an acceptable level by increasing hours of supply to 4-6 hours
a day by 2015, 8-10 hours daily by 2025 and subsequently achieve 24 hours water supply/day by 2035
promoting together the water storage facility at household level. There is an urgent need to lower the
non-revenue to 25% by the year 2015, 15% by 2025 and 10% by 2035 by implementing 100% consumer
metering system by 2015 and achieve 100% O & M cost recovery by the year 2035.

viii | P a g e

Table 4: Goals & Services Outcomes for different Horizon Years


Horizon Period
S. No.

Components
2015

2025

2035

40%

100%

100%

Network Coverage to Households

Per Capita Supply as per norms (135 135


lpcd)

135

135

24/7 Water Supply

40%

100%

100%

Quality of Water

As per WHO As per WHO As per WHO


Standards
Standards
Standards

Non Revenue Water

25%

15%

5%

Consumer Metering

80%

100%

100%

Cost Recovery

100%

100%

100%

Roof Water Harvesting

40%

80%

100%

Private Sector Participation

10%

70%

100%

Strategies and Action Plan

Regarding the water supply, future demand for drinking water to town can be meet through
Amra Dam by linking Renuka River and development of check dams on Renuka River passing
through the town.

Gurh can also be linked to Ban Sagar Project through the Kwety Canal to meet the future
demand of drinking water.

Leakage detection studies; repair, replacement or rehabilitation of old/defunct system including


3 OHTs should be under taken to enhance the present water distribution system.

Extension of water pipeline to un-served/ internal areas, thereby ensuring 100% water supply
network coverage.

Implementation of 100% consumer metering system via monitoring and checkout illegal water
connections.

Awareness programme for judicious use of water, recycling and recharging to prevalent water
loss, thereby, encouraging Rain water harvesting at household level.

Tariff planning to make water supply as self sustaining project.

ix | P a g e

Use of recycled water for meeting agricultural and cooling demands.

Widespread investments in the water supply sector without sufficient attention to human
resource development results in poor sustainability of system. Urgent need for capacity building
at different levels in water supply sector.

Detailed operation and maintenance programme.

Low Cost Water Treatment Option


Water to be supplied for public use must be potable i.e., satisfactory for drinking purposes from the
standpoint of its chemical, physical and biological characteristics. Drinking water should, preferably, be
obtained from a source free from pollution. The raw water normally available from surface water
sources is, however, not directly suitable for drinking purposes. The objective of water treatment is to
produce safe and potable drinking water. Some of the common treatment processes used in the past
includes Plain sedimentation, Slow Sand filtration, Rapid Sand filtration with Coagulation-flocculation
units as essential pretreatment units.

Rapid Sand Filtration


The rapid sand filter or rapid gravity filter is a type of filter used in water purification and is commonly
used in municipal drinking water facilities as part of a multiple-stage treatment system. Rapid sand
filters were widely used in small and large municipal water systems, because they required smaller land
areas compared to slow sand filters.
Rapid sand filters use relatively coarse sand and other granular media to remove particles and impurities
that have been trapped in a floc through the use of flocculation chemicals--typically salts of aluminum or
iron. Water and flocs flows through the filter medium under gravity or under pumped pressure and the
flocculated material are trapped in the sand matrix.
Mixing, flocculation and sedimentation processes are typical treatment stages that precede filtration.
Chemical additives, such as coagulants, are often used in conjunction with the filtration system.
A disinfection system (typically using chlorine or ozone) is commonly used following filtration. Rapid
sand filtration has very little effect on taste and smell and dissolved impurities of drinking water, unless
activated carbon is included in the filter medium.

x|Page

Diagram of the Rapid Sand Filteration Plant

Figure 5: typical rapid sand filter water treatment with components. The filter is contained within a filter box,
usually made of concrete. Inside the filter box are layers of filter media and gravel.

xi | P a g e

DMG Consulting Pvt. Ltd.

Gurh, is a small town in Bagelkhand region of MP & one of the 11 ULB's, Govt. of M.P.'s of
Rewa district and located east of the Rewa around 25 Kms away. In 1979 Gurh Nagar Palika
was established and it remodeled into Nagar Panchayat in 1994.

General Information
Total Population, Census 2011

14590

Total Area

850 Ha

Density

17.16/Ha

No. of Wards

15

Geographical Location
Latitude

2430 North

Longitude

and 8030 East

Altitude

405 mts

Physical Feature
Temperature

24C (Annual Average )

Rainfall

950 1050 mm (Annual Average)

Season

Summer- March-June, Monsoon -mid June-Sept, and Winter in Oct-Feb

Connectivity
Roadways

NH-75, connecting Rewa

Railways

Railway Station at Rewa (22 Kms)

Airways

Bamrauli (Defence Air Base), Allahabad, U.P. (150 Kms)

Location of Gurh ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Total Population

14590

SC Population

18.85%

ST Population

9.96%

Decadal Growth 2001-2011

17.19%

Projected Population

21308

Gross Population Density

1716.5/Sq. Km.

Net Population Density

9662/Sq. Km.

Literacy Rate (2011)

69.02% (Male 76.53% and Female 60.77%)

Sex Ratio (2001)

903/1000

Population Density Trends


Year

Population

Area in Hectare

Area (in .Sq km)

Density (pph)

Density (pp sq.


Km.)

1991

10782

850.00

8.50

13

1268

2001

12450

850.00

8.50

15

1465

2011

14590

850.00

8.50

17

1716

Source: Provisional Population, Census of India, 2011

Comparative Assessment of Urban Population


Total Population
Area
Urban India
Madhya Pradesh
(Urban)
Rewa District (Urban)

Urban
Population

Male

Female

37,71,05,760

19,58,07,196

18,12,98,564

31.80%

2,00,59,666

1,04,70,511

95,89,155

25.63%

3,95,487

2,07,771

1,87,716

23.40%

14,590

7,638

6,952

17.19%

Gurh ULB's, Govt. of


M.P.

POPULATION OF GURH

Population

Decadal Growth
Rate 2001-2011

16000
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
4000
2000
0
1981-1991

1991-2001

Decades

2001-2011

Increasing Literacy Rate


2001 02

56.04%

2011 12

69.02%

Sex Ratio
2001 02

934/1000

2011 - 12

910/1000

Accessibility to medical facilities in near by towns have been misused and there is a need for
sensitizing the public on gender issues. CMs campaign of Beti Bachao has little impact in this
town.
There are a total of 5309 workers in the town as per the 2001 Census of India and majority
of workers are engaged in tertiary activities such as trade & commerce. The workforce
participation ratio is 42.64.
In Percentage

100
80
60
40
20
0

Total WFPR

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Male

79.99

58.35

54.37

88.19

Female

20.01

41.65

45.63

11.81

Work Force Distribution: Gurh 2011

The town has 18% developed area and 82% undeveloped area or agricultural land.

The spatial growth pattern of the town is predominantly along NH-75 towards NW
direction in ward no. 7 of the town.

Most populated areas are the 2,3,4,5,6,8,9 and 10 with average household size of 5.9 persons
and 1,7,12,13,14 and 15 are the open spaces and agricultural land.

There are 68.14 % permanent house and rest 31.86% are temporary specially in slum areas
as in wards 2,3,5,7 and 9

In terms of ownership 84.74 % houses are owned by population.

Existing Land use Distribution; 2011 Gurh


Land use
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Public/Semi public and Public Utilities
Recreational
Transportation
Water Body
Total Developed Area
Undeveloped Area/ Agricultural Land
Total Municipal Area

Area in Hectare
75.00
5.31
0.00
5.31
0.00
16.24
49.15
151
697
850

Percentage
49.67
3.51
0.00
3.51
0.00
10.75
32.55
18.00
82.00
100.00

Based on foot print analysis of satellite imagery.


Residential
Commercial

33%
50%

11%
3%

0%
3%

Industrial
Public/Semi public
and Public Utilities
Recreational
Transportation

0%
Water Body

LANDUSE PLAN Gurh, M.P.

Remarks

%age out of the Total


Developed Area

%age out of the Total


Municipal Area

Urban Growth Scenario Gurh, M.P.

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Gurh lies in geologically safe seismic zone.

Better connectivity with Rewa and Sidhi with NH-75 and two rivers

like settlements in ward no. 1,14 and 15 are

Bichhiya and Renuka passing through the heart of the town provides

not getting benefits with commercialization

a favourable condition of the organic growth.

Scattered growth of the residential land use

and other social services and amenities.

Almost all the residential wards are concentrated in the centre


which provides a benefit in terms of providing utilities and services.

(wards 2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10 and 11)

Most of the portion of the town specially in wards 1,7,13,14 and

15 is agricultural land provides the scope of further development of


the town.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

River front development and housing sector development

Settlements are developed in very small area

along the rivers Bichiya and Renuka towards SE and NE

of wards 2,3,4,5,6,,8,9,10 and 11 and two

directions specially in wards 12,14 and 15 along NH-75.

rivers Bichhiya and Renuka are acting as

Availability of agricultural land in wards 12,14,7,1

constraints for the development towards the

provides an opportunity to establishment of the Agro-

NE and SE direction of the town. (Wards 14

based industries in the town

and 15).

Issues, strategies and priority projects


Aspects

Issues
Linear growth pattern

Concentration of all the major


commercial establishments in core area
of the town in wards 2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10
and 11
Present growth is unidirectional that is
SW of the town from ward no. 13 to
ward no. 7

Development
of
more
growth/
commercial centres in the town,
especially in northern part (wards 1,12)
and eastern part (Ward 7) of the town to
promote equitable growth throughout
the town.
Encourage new planned developments
away from the core area in all direction
specially in wards 1,7,14 and 15.

High density (more than 100


person/Ha.) is concentrated in core
areas along the major roads in wards
2,3,4,5,6,8,9,10 and 11

EWS and LIG housing developments in


the outer wards of the town specially in
wards 1,7,12,13,14 and 15.

Land
use
Distribution

Improper distribution of the land use as


core areas are as compact development
and on the end in wards 14 and 15 it is
scattered.

The future growth can be controlled


through proper land use zoning in the
town which will results uniform
development in all direction of the town.

Average household size is higher 5.9


which is bound to decrease and lead to
more housing demand.

Future housing demand should be met


through the planned development and
private supply by developers/individuals
in wards 1,7,12,13,14 and 15.

Spatial
Growth

Strategies and Action Plan

Density
Pattern

Housing

The installed capacity of the overhead tanks are 3.25 MLD and 1.25 MLD in ward no 3
and 13 respectively.
There are around 23 open wells. And there are around 160 hand pumps in the town and
ground water level is at 70-80 feet depth.
The ward no. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 have working water supply network. The
ward no. 1, 7, 14 and 15 dont have any water supply network.
Description

Details

Sources of Water Supply

Tube Wells and Hand Pumps, taps, wells

No. of Tube Wells

9 Nos.

Description regarding Storage

Capacity in Lakh Litres

3,25,000 L; 1,25000 L (wards 2, 13)

2 OHT

Distribution Network.

Length in Km

8-10km

Main Line/ Trunk Line

No. of Hand pumps


Source: Nagar Parishad, Gurh

160 Nos. (Municipal)


50-60 Nos. (Private)

SWOT Analysis: Water Supply

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Presence of enough natural sources of water like

Around 20% of the water is lost during

ponds in wards 13 and 15 and two rivers Bichhiya

distribution leakages in the tanks.

and Renuka covering almost all the wards from SW to

Connection is not there in all the wards specially

NE direction

in ward no. 15, during summer Nagar Parishad

2 OHT (Capacity 3.5, 1.25 LL), 2 water tanks of

arranges water tankers to supply there.

capacity 4500 L, 9 tube wells, 360 hand pumps and


two rivers shows the enough capability of the town
in terms of the water supply.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Water revenue demand can be enhanced through

Direct injection of storm water and open

drive of new house connection specially in wards

drainage carrying sewerage water specially from

1,7,9,14 and 15.

wards 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 and 11 into the rivers

Water from the river can be treated and supplied to

causing for the contamination of the water as it

conserve underground water.

is the major source of drinking water.

Rain water harvesting can be introduced and can be

collected in the NW direction of the town in wards 1


and 7.

Issues, strategies and priority projects


Sector
-

Water
Supply

Problems / Requirements in 2035


Present water supply is 0.19 MLD
whereas the future requirement is
2.36 MLD by 2035 (considering 135
lpcd)

Water distribution system is old and


has limited coverage. The ward no. 1,
7, 14 and 15 dont have any water
supply network.

Water during summer seasons or in


emergencies and other
occasions/functions are also supplied
through Water Tankers specially in
wards 1,14 and 15.

Contamination of water in the rivers


Renuka and Bichhiya which are the
major sources of water due to the
direct injection of drainage and storm
water into the rivers.

Proposed Projects
Replacement of older OHT and
construction of newer ones
specially in populated wards like
in 1,2,6,10,14 and 15.
Bichhiya and Renuka River is
passing through the town. The
abundant water is available
throughout the year.
Low cost water treatment facility
can be done in available open
spaces of ward no. 1,7 and 14.
Water Metered Connection in all
Dwelling Units by 2035.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Code No.

Projects proposed

WS 1

Preparation of DPR for Water Supply System for the entire


town.
Replacement of present pipe line system in the town. (3.3 km)
150 dia (cost @ Rs1471)
Extension of present distribution line to cover the whole of the
city (2.1KM) 150MM Dia (cost @ Rs1471)

WS 2
WS 3

WS 4
WS 5

WS 6

WS 7
WS 8
WS 9
WS 10

Construction of 4 OHT each of capacity 4 MLD by 2035 in


wards 2, 5 ,7 and 12
Construction of two Filtration Plant/ Water Treatment Plant of
capacity 2 MLD in ward no.1, and 15.
Construction of intake well, pump house with pumping
machinery electrical in along with the filteration plants
indicated in WS-5.
Laying of 450 mm dia Pumping mains intake to treatment
plant
Laying of 350 mm Pumping main treatment plant to Rest
House
Laying of 250 mm Pumping main from rest house to OHT

Water Metered Connection in all Dwelling Units by 2035 (@


Rs. 150/connection)
WS 11 Training and Capacity Building of Staff
Sub Total Cost (A)

Project Cost
Department
(in Lakh)
ULB's, Govt. of M.P.
49.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

31.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

600.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

500.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

8.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

200.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

200.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

100.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P..

32.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

5.00
1725.00

Presently the town do not have underground sewerage system to serve a population of
14590 residing in 15 wards.
Taking 80% of the present water supply as sewage, the current sewerage generation for town
is approximately 1.57 MLD.
Only 23.21% households have water closet latrines connected to septic tank, 31.12% pit
toilet (In wards 2,3,6,8,10,11 and 12) and 45.66% has other toilet facility (In wards
1,4,5,9,13,14 and15)
Issues, strategies and priority projects
Sector
Problems / Requirements in 2035
Proposed Projects
- Major portion of the total - 100% coverage of households by
settlements that is 45.66% have
toilets in all the settlements in the
neither public toilet nor privet
wards.
toilet
facilities
in
wards - Community septic tanks can be
1,4,5,9,13,14 and15.
created
along
road

Sewerage
and
Sanitation

80% of the total water supply


comes as sewage from the wards
2,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 and 12. but
there is no treatment plant.

networks/market areas/bus stand


(wards 2,4,56,7,8 etc.) to utilize the
waste for biogas generation and
community lighting.
-

Public toilets in the commercial


areas
and
near
the
bus
stands/stops. (in wards 4,5,6,10
and 11)

STRENGTH
Town has natural slopes towards north, so
all the drainage and sewerage lines can be
direct in this direction where it can be
treated before inject into the river Bichhiya
and Renuka in wards 1,7 and 14.

WEAKNESS
There is no underground sewerage system
throughout the town.

The income prohibits urban poor to make


capital expenditure on development of toilet
units and their maintenance specially in
wards with urban poor in 2,3,5,7,8 and 9

OPPORTUNITY
There is scope for development of low cost
sanitation projects can be done in wards 7
12 and 14 due to slopes towards northern
side.

THREAT
Sewage flows through open drains, channels
& nallas in populated area of the town
(wards 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) and disposes
into the water bodies (Bichhiya and Renuka
rivers) which causes for unhygienic and
anaesthetic living condition in the town.

The sewerage system in town needs to


develop with 60% sewer network coverage
to households by the year 2015 and 100%
by 2025.

45.66% have neither public toilet nor privet


toilet facilities in wards 1,4,5,9,13,14 and15.
Absence of treatment plants.

DEWATS: Decentralized Wastewater Treatment


o

DEWATS applications are designed to be low-maintenance.

DEWATS affordable prices because all of the materials used for construction are locally available.

DEWATS applications provide treatment for both domestic and industrial sources

Systems can be designed to handle organic wastewater flows from 1-1000 m3 per day

DEWATS applications do not require sophisticated maintenance

DEWATS applications are designed with four basic technical treatment modules

Primary treatment: sedimentation and floatation

Secondary anaerobic treatment in fixed-bed reactors: baffled upstream reactors or anaerobic filters

Tertiary aerobic treatment in sub-surface flow filters

Tertiary aerobic treatment in polishing ponds

Pour flush single pit and twin pit toilet


The squatting slab can be sited a meter or two away from the pit, to which it drains
via a communication pipe. The squatting plate and pit cover are easier to construct
and are just as satisfactory.
To prevent smells rising from the pit a U-bend water seal can be incorporated; a
close-fitting squat-hole cover can do the job just as well. Raised footpads should be
cast into the slab on each side of the squat hole and the surface of the slab should
slope towards it.
Depending on the economy and requirement the single or twin pit latrine can be
adopted.

Septic Tanks

Septic tanks comprise of a sealed tank having both an inlet and an outlet into which
excreta are flushed from a conventional cistern flush toilet or a pour-flush toilet.

The solids undergo a process of anaerobic decomposition which results in the


production of water, gases, sludge and a layer of floating scum.

The use of this system has the requirement for an in-house connection of water supply
for the system to operate.

Properly designed and installed septic tanks can function for many years.

Annual inspection to determine sludge depth is desirable to prevent tank solids from
overflowing and sealing the soil in the drainfield.

Minimize the amount of grease from the kitchen and garbage disposal solids going into
septic tank.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Code No.

Projects proposed

SS 1

Preparation of DPR/Comprehensive Master


Plan for underground Sewerage System for
entire town

3.05

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SS 2

Construction of DEWATS in each wards Rs


2000 per sq m of land underwet land.
Each plant need around 500 sp. m

150.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SS 3

Construction of treatment plant support


electrical, mechanical equipments

100.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SS 4

Construction of eco-toilets in slum areas


and public place. (Rs 15000 per toilet)

54.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P. and


ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

1.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SS 5

Construction of 20 public urinals (@


Rs5000)
Sub Total Cost (B)

308.05

Department

At present the town does not have a proper drainage system and facility of treatment plant.
Drainage network in Gurh is mostly uncovered which causes for unhygienic conditions in the
town in populated areas like in wards 4,6,7,9,10 and 11
North Western side of the river are major flood prone areas of town (wards 5,7and 13).
Project Components/ Service Unit

Drains construction is needed

Ward No. 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11


There condition of drains in all the areas is bad and
the peripheral wards have kachha drains.
The existing drains are in bad shape and need
upgradation and reconstruction at many stretches.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
1.9

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Department

D1

Preparation of DPR for Storm Water


Drainage System for entire town

D2

Construction of new storm water drainage


network to cover the whole town (3 kms.)
(@ Rs 44 lakh/km)

120.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

D3

Converting to pucca one by De-silting,


lining and constructing side walls 3.5km
(@ Rs 20 lakh/km)

70.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Sub Total Cost (D)

191.9

The Nagar Parishad have one tractor and two trolleys for the collection and transportation
of the solid waste with a designated dumping site with a size of 2 Acres in wards no. 13.

The average waste generation in the town is 69.88 gm/Capita/Day but the inadequate
primary and secondary collection (34%) also present.

Municipal wastes from core areas of town including bus stand, commercial & mandi and

from wards no. 4 to 13 gets collected on daily basis and once in a week from ward no. 1, 2
and 3, while in periphery areas like ward no 14 and 15, waste is collected once/twice in a
month depending on situation.

Waste generated in town includes, vegetable and fruit market waste, paper, polythene,

packing materials, glass, metal iron crap; aluminium crap, domestic animal excreta, ash
from Chula indicating that the most of the quantity of waste generated is organic in nature
comes from residential and commercial uses.
List of Vehicles and Equipments available with GNP for Solid Waste Collection & Transportation

S. No.

Vehicle and Equipment

Numbers

Tractor

Trolley

Dust Bins

Source: Gurh Nagar Parishad, 2011

Issues, strategies and priority projects


Sector

Solid
Waste
Manag
ement

Problems / Requirements in 2035 Proposed Projects


- The present waste generation is - Formation of ward samiti/committee to
3.65 MT per day which will be
ensure the primary collection and waste
increased to 5.34 MT by 2035
segregation.
considering
the
population
growth.
- Provision of vehicles and sweepers in the
municipality.
- Total waste generated (29.18
Qt) only 34% (10 Qt) of waste is
been collected on daily basis in - Provision of dustbins and construction of
the town.
waste depots in populated wards like in
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 etc.
- Dumping on ward no 13 near to
the commercial and residential - Waste disposal through the sanitary
area (8.9.10) along the NH-75
landfill rather than simple dumping in low
creates an unhygienic and
lying areas of 1,3,5,7 and 14
anaesthetic condition in the
town.
- Transportation facility for hazardous and
medical waste to a common incinerator at
district level.

SWOT Analysis: Solid Waste Management


STRENGTH

Availability of land for development of sanitary


land fill site specially in low lying areas of wards
1,7 and 14.

Enough biodegradable part is solid waste for


vermi composting and bio-gas generation plan
can be set up in wards 1,7,14 and 15.
OPPORTUNITY

WEAKNESS
Door-to-Door waste collection system
missing and low collection efficiency
that is 34% of the total solid waste
produced in the town.
Segregation of waste is not in practice,
neither at primary collection level nor
at final disposal level.
THREAT

Wards 1,3,5,7 and 14 are low lying flood prone


areas so there is a scope of sanitary land filling
strategy instead of simple dumping

Waste is being disposed off in low


lying areas along the rivers in wards
1,3,5 and 7.

Training and capacity building to encourage


people to adopt the techniques to minimize
existing flaws within the town.

Biodegradable waste generated in the town


generates a scope to construct the Bio-gas plants
specially in wards 2,3,7 and 12.

Location of the existing dumping site


in ward no. 13 near the residential and
commercial areas (wards 4,6,8.9.10)
along NH-75.

IMPROVED SANITARY LANDFILL METHOD

Sanitary landfill, method of controlled disposal of municipal solid waste (refuse) on land.

Waste is deposited in thin layers (up to 1 meter, or 3 feet) and promptly compacted by heavy machinery
(e.g., bulldozers); several layers are placed and compacted on top of each other to form a refuse cell (up
to 3 meters, or 10 feet, thick).

At the end of each day the compacted refuse cell is covered with a layer of compacted soil to prevent
odors and windblown debris.

When the landfill is completed, it is capped with a layer of clay or a synthetic liner in order to prevent
water from entering.

A final topsoil cover is placed, compacted, and graded, and various forms of vegetation may be planted
in order to reclaim otherwise useless lande.g., to fill to levels convenient for building parks or other
suitable public projects.

SANITARY
LANDFILL
METHOD

Cross Section of Sanitary Landfill

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Code No.

Projects proposed

SWM 1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report for


Municipal Solid Waste Management for
entire town.

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SWM 2

Construction maintenance of Sanitary


Landfill Site with other infrastructure
facility in ward no. 14 (@ Rs 1000/ton of
waste) exclusive of land cost

136.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SWM 3

Providing equipments and machines to


support the SWM system

30.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SWM 4

Enhancing the capacity of municipality by


providing Transportation vehicles (2) ,
Container (30) and & Handcart (10)

75.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Sub Total Cost (C)

241.00

Department

The town can only be reached by road, NH-75 is passing through the town connecting
Rewa to the Sidhi and the length of the road along the city is 3.77 Kms.

Town consists other roads as local road pucca in nature of length 11.7 Kms and collector
roads 9.7 Kms and non motorable roads 5.8 Kms so overall total length of the roads in the
town is 27.02 Kms

The predominant mode of travel in town is cycles (700-800) followed by motorized


vehicles such as two- wheeler (Scooter & Motorcycle) and private transport which
includes Three Wheelers (4-5 nos.), four wheelers (Tempo, Matadors, Jeeps, cars etc.)
about 50 in nos.

The town has overall per capita road length 1.86 meters and a road density of 10.68 km
per sq. km.

The unauthorized encroachment along both the sides of roads has covered all the available
shoulders thereby reducing ROW from 20m to 6m further decreased the carrying capacity
of roads specially in commercial areas of wards 4,5,6,11 on local roads and along NH-75 in
wards 8,10 and 13.

Issues, strategies and priority projects


Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035

Roads
And

Transportation

Wards Commercial) 4,5,6 and 11 consisting of narrow roads due to


irregular
vehicle
parking;
encroachment by informal shops,
thela; vegetable and fruit market;
presence of important centres etc.
This leads to traffic congestion or
regular basis.
Lack of designated and organized
on-street parking in town in
commercial areas of wards
4,5,6,11 and along the NH-75 in wards 8,10
Poor condition of the connectivity
of all the wards (Specially 1,7,14
and 15) with access to commercial
areas (wards 4,5,6 and 11)

Proposed Projects

Removal of encroachment,
Road Widening & Junction
improvement. Development
of footpath/pedestrian in
wards 4,5,6,11 and 8,10 along
the NH-75.
Construction of new bus
terminal or improvement of
the old bus stand along the
NH-75 in the ward no. 12
Improvement
of
the
connecting roads of wards
1,7,14 and 15 with the core of
the town.

SWOT Analysis: Traffic & Transportation


STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Nh-75 passing through the heart of the city


(wards 8,10,12,13) connecting Rewa town
(District Headquarter) in NW and Sidhi in East of
the town.

Internal connectivity with all the wards with local


and collector roads.

OPPORTUNITY

Land availability for major projects like


development of Bus Terminal for goods carriers
and parking facilities in wards 12 and 4,5,6 and
11.

Significant distance of the settlements in wards


1,7,14 and 15 generates an opportunity to
develop an internal corridor which connects all
the parts of settlement within the town.

Narrow and poor conditions of roads specially in


wards with commercial activities like in wards
4,5,6,11.

No parking facilities in commercial as well as in


residential areas.
Existing bus stand is not in function due to the
insufficient width of the entrance where roads are
very narrow and commercialized. (ward no. 12)
Lack of railway connectivity under its premises.

THREAT
Unorganized development along NH-75 may cause
congestion and traffic problems in future specially
in wards 13 as dumping site and 8,10 and 12 as
the commercial corridor.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies

Code No.

Projects proposed

TT 1

Development of new Bus Stand on BOOT


basis in ward no. 12

TT 2

Development of access road in ward 14


(2km)

TT 3

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Department

500.00

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

100

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

Development of footpath/pedestrian
along the major roads. (for 5 km)

25.00

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

TT 4

Construction of 5 parking lots along main


roads and in commercial or market areas

25.00

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

TT 5

Road Widening from 3 m to 4.5 m (major


district roads for 6km.)

90.00

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

90.00

ULB's, Govt. of
M.P.

TT 6

Improvement of traffic junctions, rotary


development including installation of
traffic light/signals. Intersection of ward
(2,5); (4,3); 5,6,7);(7,9,13); (8,9,13) and
(10,12,13)
Sub Total Cost (E)

830.00

There are about 242 street light poles in the town and around 210 have CFL and
32 have incandescent bulp. There will be a requirement of 218 more electric light
by 2035.
Irregular spacing of the street poles along the MH-75 and local roads connecting
wards 7,14 and 15.
At present there is no formal fire fighting services is available in the town.
78% of households use electricity for the lighting purpose specially in wards
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 and 11

Other sources of energy


Sources of Lighting
Total
households

Electricity

Kerosene

Solar
Energy

Other Oil

Any Other

No Lighting

2,167

1,689

477

SWOT Analysis: Traffic & Transportation


STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Major road NH-75 and other local roads


connecting almost all the wards in the
town.

Awareness about emerging technologies of


power saving light.

Frequent power cuts.

Lack of skilled staff/manpower for street


light and fire fighting services.

Non-availability of vehicles for street


lighting and fire fighting.

OPPORTUNITY

Inadequate number of street lights on


major roads NH-75 and local roads
connecting wards with population like in
2,3,4,5,6,7 etc and 15,15 of the town.

Solar energy and biogas can be good


supplement for the electricity in around
wards 3,7 and 10.

Procurement of 2 fire tenders for fire


fighting wards 3 and 10.

THREAT
Illegal power tapping and electricity theft
specially in wards 2,3,5,7 and 9.
Lack of monitoring illegal connections.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Code No.

Projects proposed

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
75.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Department

SL 1

Installation of 218 nos. of street lights


within the wards/residential area
(33230/- Solar street light pole)

SL 2

High mast lights at entry points of the


City (2 Nos.) and in core area (2 No.) (15
lakhs/- unit)
Procurement of 1 electric pole vehicle

60.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

25.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Procurement of 2 no. of fire tenders and


other equipment's (one big and one
small)
Establishment of fire station and staff
cost

125.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

50.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

SL 3
SL 4

SL 5
SL 6

Training & capacity building of staff

Sub Total Cost (F)

340.00

Around 13.4% (1965) of total population (12450) are in slums. (Census 2001) specially in
wards 2,3,5,7 and 9 with poor housing (Jhuggi/Basti) and inadequate infrastructure.

Working population in slums are engaged in small scale industries or work as agricultural
labourers, vendors etc.

Only 3 slums are notified according to the Nagar Parishad which are wards 7,9 and15 and
most of the slum dwellers have legal Land ownership.

Slums within the town in wards 2,3,5,7 and 9 do not have adequate infrastructure
facilities.
housing: semi-permanent
water supply: local supply mainly through hand pumps
Drainage: Open and poor condition of the drainage system
sanitation: No Latrine and somewhere pit type
sewerage: No underground sewerage system
road & street lights: Narrow and poor condition.
solid waste mgmt: There are 4 dustbins in wards 3 and 9.

SWOT Analysis: Urban Poor


STRENGTH

There are substantial number of urban


poor who have land titles and houses
located in wards 2,3,5,7 and 9.

Lands are available specially near the slum


2,3,7 and 9 for the redevelopment or the
relocation of the slum into better habitat.

OPPORTUNITY

Availability of lands around the populated


area generates opportunities for the slum
area rehabilitation programmes.

Cheap available lands specially in wards


1,7,14 and 15 can invites developers to
provide EWS and LIG housing development
in the town.

WEAKNESS
Slums are located in high density
residential areas like in wards 4,6,7,9,10
and 11 with poor housing and living
condition which is a constraint for the ununiform growth and development of the
town.

THREAT
Most of the urban poor are associated with
the informal sector of the commercial
activity in the town so relocation can put a
direct impact on their sources of income.

Issues, strategies and priority projects


Sector

Urban Poor

Problems / Requirements in 2035


Proposed Projects
- Presently slum population is - Introducing
Slum
area
around 30.04% of the total
rehabilitation programmes
population and covering almost 5
in the town.
no. of wards of the city.
- Skill up gradation and
- Out of total 15 wards. Out of these
economic
up-liftment
15 wards; 3 nos. of wards are
schemes.
notified as slum wards which are
ward no. 7, 9 and 15.
- Improvement of shelter
-

Degraded
environmental conditions in low lying areas of
wards 2,3,5,7

Encroachment of vacant public


spaces near to rivers in ward no. 3

Development of EWS and LIG


colonies by MPHB with a
focus or poverty eradication
in identified sectoral zones
especially for urban poor
under IHSDP near the wards
1,3,7,14 and 15.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies

Code No.
UP 1

Projects proposed
Construction of 357 DUs in to solve the
housing problems in the slums under
IHSDP as per the availability of suitable
Govt. Land (@3.5 lakhs/unit)

Sub Total Cost (G)

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
1250.00

1250.00

Department
MPHB; GNP

HEALTH:

At present, there is one community health centre (CHC) with 30 beds, 1 veterinary
and 1 ayurvedic hospital are present in the town of wards 3 and 12.

These health facility are enough for the current situation.

EDUCATION:

There are three primary schools, one middle school and one higher secondary school
in the town in wards 2,5,12 and 14.

No technical institution like ITI in the town.

The basic facilities of drinking water and toilets are available in all the educational
centres.

As far as slums are concerned, there is no school within the slum areas.

RECREATION:

No designated parks & playground.

No formal provision of stadium facility in Gurh town for sports.

Town lacks the recreational activities such as parks, gardens.

STRENGTH

WEAKNESS

Health
Health
There is a Community Health Lack of specialist doctors in the town like
Centre in Gurh which serves as a
Gynecologist, child care ENT etc.
referral health centre in ward no. 3. Poor people have limited affordability to pay for
Ayurvedic Medication reduces cost
health services.
of the treatment.
Education
Education
Gurh has high literacy rate of Insufficient no. of primary school.
69.88%
Literacy rate among the female is low at 63.17%.

Poor condition of the school


infrastructure and sanitation.

Lack of technical institute ITI in town.

buildings

and

Recreation and Entertainment


Recreation and Entertainment
Plenty of land is available for the Town does not have any designated place as park or
development of recreational area
playground as recreational area for the citizens.
such as community centres, parks Absence of community room, community halls and
and gardens specially in wards
public library in town for the citizens.
1,2,3,7 and 12.
Absence of tourist of facility or picnic spots.

OPPORTUNITY

THREAT

Health
Health
Scope of introducing Poly clinic with all Government referral and medical facilities
basic equipments and nursing home with
are not properly used because of lack of
maternity facility may be in ward 9 and 12
doctors.
along the NH-75.
Education
Education
Government schools with better teaching All the schools are concentrated in the core
staff for primary education, free for urban
of the town in wards 2,5,12 and 14
poor.

Introducing private schools with nominal


fees in the town specially in wards 1,7,14
and 15 to increase the literacy level.
Recreation and Entertainment
Recreation and Entertainment
River front development of the rivers Lack of concerned local urban body to
Bichhiya and Renuka along the wards 1,3,7
encourage the improvement of the existing
and 12.
natural assets like ponds in wards 13 and
rivers along the wards 1,3,7 and 12.

Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035 Proposed Projects


- Insufficient no. of primary - Development of few more no.
schools.
of primary schools specially
in wards 1,7,14 and 15.
- Poor infrastructure in education
sector.

Social
Facilities

No public library

Vocational or skill improvement


education is lacking.

Low rate of female attendance.

Lack of enough beds and regular


doctor in the hospital.

Lack of planned recreational


facilities when there is a strength
in terms of natural asset like
ponds and rivers in wards
1,2,3,7,13 etc.
No maintenance of cultural and -

religious places

Reconstruction
and
renovation of school building
which are in bad condition
like provision of toilets, safe
drinking water, kitchen shed
and electricity etc.
Establishment of vocational
training institutes and ITIs.

Upgradation of
health
facilities in ward no. 3
Provision of planned parks
and playgrounds.
Upkeep
of
the
social
(religious ) spaces like in
wards 1.2.3.7 and 12.

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Health Facilites

Code No.

Projects proposed

H1

Extension of hospital situated in the


premise of health centre by constructing
multi storied building thereby extending
the health facilities
Construction of 1 Poly-clinic @10 no. of
beds for 2035 in ward no. 14

H2

Sub Total Cost (H)

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
150.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

50.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

200.00

Department

Proposed Projects(Educational), their costs and implementing Agencies


Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Department

E1

Establishment of 2 no. of middle/higher


secondary school (one each in ward no. 15 &
9)(@1 Crore/School)

200.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

E2

Establishement of 1 no. of Integrated School with


Hostel Facility in ward no. 8

500.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

E3

Establishment of 2 nos. of Informal and adult


literacy centers, Anganwadi centers in ward no 15
& 13(@5 lakh each)

10.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

E4

Construction of Polytechnic college/ Vocational


Training Institutes and ITIs in ward no. 13

100.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

E5

Renovation of school buildings which are in bad


condition

50.00

ULBs, Govt. Of M.P.

E6

Provision of equipments and necessary


infrastructure like provision of toilets, safe
drinking water, kitchen shed and electricity etc. in
education institutions.

10.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

E7

Establishment of Public Library (1 in no.) in ward


no. 7

70.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Sub Total Cost (I)

940.00

No records found regarding the flora and fauna.

Waste water drains directly discharge along with municipal solid waste into the river
resulted into the pollution Bichhiya and Renuka River.

River Bichhiya and Renuka can be taken up for water front development &
conservation along the wards 1,2,3,7 and 12.

No air, water and soil pollution monitoring facilities for pollution check.

Inadequate planning efforts regarding provision of green spaces for citizens specially
in residential areas of wards 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 etc and public health is under threat due
to absence of basic infrastructure facilities.

Strategies for the development:


Development of designated and organized parks and playground in the town as per
the standards around the residential area along the rivers in wards 1,3,7 and 12.
Conservation and plantation of appropriate tree species on the existing roadsides
and along both the sides of river to mitigate the level of air pollutants.
Promotion of rainwater-harvesting and providing more open spaces for water
recharge and plantation at the planning stage specially in low lying areas of the town
like in wards 1,2,3,7 and 14 for development schemes.

The old fort built by Jayant Rao lies in dilapidated condition in ward no. 12

Currently, a portion of the old fort has been converted into high school which is being
expanded in the compound of the fort.

The existing water bodies (Bhichhiya and Renuka and ponds) can be developed as
recreational area for town.

Baba Bhairao temple is situated at a distance of 5km from the town and the place has good
potential for local tourism as the area has good scenic beauty. The idol is in lying position
having a length of 24ft.

Famous temples like Kashtaharnath temple, Hanuman temple are there in the town (wards
1,2,3,7,10 and 12) or in the proximity of 5-10 kilometres from the town where every year
fair held's.

Tourism supporting facilities can be provided to the visitors of the nearby areas.

Sector

Problems / Requirements in 2035 Proposed Projects

Heritage

Lack of infrastructure support for tourism development

Lack of attention towards the


river from development along
the wards 1,3,7,10 and 14
-

and
Tourism

Discharge of waste water along


with municipal waste in the river through
drains from wards
2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 .11 and 12.

Identification of the strength in


terms of existing assets like
rivers, ponds, temples and
other monuments of historical
values and then renovation or
development of these assets.
Development, beautification,
plantations along the river.

Promoting Gurh as a transit


point by making provision for a
tourist circuit and associated
tourism infrastructure for the
surrounding
tourist
destination.

STRENGTH
The town falls under KhajurahoPanna
Bandhavgarh-Chitrakoot-Allahabad tourist
circuit.

WEAKNESS
Lack of maintenance of the fort in ward no.
and river front flowing alog the wards
1,3,7 and 12.

Bichiya and Renuka River flowing through


the centre of town.

Lack of Infrastructure for tourism like


roads, railways to attract tourists.

Many religious spots and one fort in wards


1,2,3,7,10 and 12.
OPPORTUNITY
Planned river front development along
both the side can provide good potential
for developing a recreational space, tourist
or picnic spot in wards 1,3,7,12 and 14.

Availability of lands in wards 1,3,7,14 and


15 demands for the recreational
development
like
parks,
gardens,
playgrounds, community centres etc.

THREAT
Excessive encroachments on river side
specially in wards 3,5
Dumping of municipal solid waste and
discharge of waste water into the river
wards 3,5,12 and 13

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Code No.

Projects proposed

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
-

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Department

T1

Preparation of Detailed Project Report


for river front development including
landscaping,designing and details of
infrastructure required

T2

River Front Development along both the


side of river in ward nos. 3, 4, 11, 12, 13
and 14
Development, beautification, plantations
along the river and nallah in ward nos. 3,
4, 11, 12, 13 and 14.

130.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

50.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Promoting Gurh as a transit point by


making provision for a tourist circuit and
associated tourism infrastructure for the
surrounding tourist destination.

20.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

T3

T4

Sub Total Cost (J)

200.00

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies


Other identified projects

Code No.
O1

Projects proposed

Development of Entrance Gates to town


(2 in Nos.) one towards north side and
other towards south on NH-75.(@5
lakh/unit)
O2
Development of hawker zone in wards no
6.
O3
Construction of one Community Hall and
two Rooms in ward no. 7 and 15
respectively(community hall @ 35 lakh
and Community rooms @15 lakh)
Sub Total Cost (K)

Project
Cost (in
Lakh)
10.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

50.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

65.00

Department

Urban Reforms & Capacity Building

Code No.

Projects proposed

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Department

UR 1

Computerization of property tax & other


assets

20.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

UR 2

Billing s/w & collection systems; hardware


& software

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

UR 3

Training/Manpower Assistance

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

UR 4

Strengthening Engineering (MIS,


AUTOCAD, all h/w & s/w)

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

UR 5

Other Management Supports training for


supervisory & staff

5.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

40.00

ULB's, Govt. of M.P.

Sub Total Cost (L)

Year

Tax

Non-Tax

Transfer inc. grants

Total

2008-09

147291

10547622

107063

10801976

2009-10

194513

14640901

3597479

18432893

2010-11

236235

15683221

8517391

24436847

Year

(Wage & salary)


Establishment

Operation and
Maintenance

Payment
Interest

Others

Total

2008-09

3787212

4753489

89470

5248290

13878461

2009-10

3467401

8580527

1281420

6390359

19719707

2010-11

4598405

10607626

1620504

4729821

21556356

Proposed Projects, their costs and implementing Agencies

Code No.
Physical Infrastructure

Sectors

Project Cost
(in Lakh)

Sub Total Cost (A)

Water Supply

Sub Total Cost (B)

Sewerage and Sanitation

305

Sub Total Cost (C)

Solid Waste Management

241

Sub Total Cost (D)

Storm Water Drainage

190

Sub Total Cost (E)

Traffic and Transportation

830

Sub Total Cost (F)

Street Lighting and Fire Fighting

340

Sub Total Cost (G)

Urban Poor

1725

1250

Social Infrastructure

Sub Total Cost (H)

Health Facilities

200

Sub Total Cost (I)

Educational Facilities

940

Sub Total Cost (J)

Tourism

200

Sub Total Cost (K)

Other Components

Sub Total Cost (L)

Urban Reforms & Capacity Building

Grand Total

65
40
6326.00