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ABSTRAK

Dinding penahan tanah merupakan salah satu dari berbagai metode untuk
mengatasi kelongsoran suatu lereng. Banyaknya metode yang bisa digunakan
memiliki sisi kelemahan, kelebihan dan kesesuaian dengan kondisi dilapangan.
Salah satu metode yang dapat digunakan ialah dengan menerapkan lembaran
geosintetik sebagai bahan perkuatan tanah.
Studi kasus lereng sungai pada proyek pembangunan gedung D3
Ekonomi UII, terdapat suatu dinding penahan tanah dengan pasangan batu.
Perencanaan redesain dinding penahan tanah dengan pasangan batu diawali
dengan menentukan stabilitas eksternal dan stabilitas internal struktur tersebut.
Tahapan redesain dengan menggunakan geotekstil akan diperoleh dimensinya,
selanjutnya dianalisis stabilitas eksternalnya untuk mengetahui tingkat keamanan
dan menghitung Rencana Anggaran Biaya (RAB).
Design dinding penahan tanah dengan pasangan batu, dinyatakan aman
terhadap stabilitas eksternal dan stabilitas internal. Hasil analisis desain dinding
penahan tanah dengan geotekstil woven tipe georeinfox, didapat dimensi lebar
4m dan tinggi 6,75 m, dan dipasang 15 lapis geotekstil dengan jarak antar
geotekstil yang bervariasi dari 0,25 m, 0,5 m,dan 0,75 m. Stabilitas eksternal
dinding penahan tanah dengan geotekstil didapat faktor aman untuk stabilitas
terhadap gaya geser sebesar 2,4289,stabilitas gaya guling diperoleh sebesar
4,0876 , stabilitas terhadap daya dukung tanah didapat 5,1407. RAB hasil
redesain menggunakan geotekstil sebesar Rp. 391.236.337,064
lebih mahal
dibandingkan dengan RAB dinding penahan tanah dengan pasangan batu,
sebesar Rp 277.331.198,087.

Kata kunci : Dinding penahan tanah dengan pasangan batu,


stabilitas internal dan stabilitas eksternal, RAB.

vi

geotekstil ,

ABSTRACT
Soil retaining wall is considered as one of many to overcome the slide slope.
Various types of methods that can be applied surely have their own weakness,
strength, and appropriation within the fields condition. One of possible method to
apply is by employing the geo-synthetic sheet as the substance to fortify the land.
From the case study along the river slope in D3 UII buildings founding
project, it can be perceived that there is a kind of soil retaining wall by utilizing
stones. The redesign planning of soil retaining wall by utilizing stones was started
with deciding the external and the internal stability from its structure. From
employing the geo-synthetic sheet in the redesign stage, the buildings dimension will
be obtained, next the external stability is analyzed to measure the security level and
to calculated the budget plan (RAB).
The design of soil retaining wall by utilizing stones, considered as the save
one toward the external and internal stability. From the analysis of soil retaining
wall design by applying woven geo-textile type geo-reinfox, the result indicates that
wide dimension of its calculated as 4 meters width with the 6,75 meters height, and it
is also equipped with 15 layers of geo-textile that have variation in it is gap, from
0,25 meters, 0,5 meters, and 0,75 meters. The external stability of soil retaining wall
with geo-textile is also considered as the save one towards the sliding force friction
as shown by 2,4289 point, with the spinning force as shown by 4,0876 point, as well
as the 5,1407 point shown by land supporting power stability. The result of the
budget plan which applying geo-textile is Rp 391.236.337,064 ,it is more expensive
than budget plan for the soil retaining wall which applying stones, which is Rp
277.331.198,087.
Keyword : Soil Retaining Wall with Stones, Woven Geo-textile , Internal Stability,
External Stability, Budget Plan.