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4/1/2015

PowerFactorCorrectionCapacitors

PowerFactorCorrectionCapacitors,PowerFactorCorrectionCapacitor,PowerCorrectionCapacitors,C488PowerCorrectionCapacitor

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J

Power factor is the relationship between working


(active) power and total power consumed (apparent
power).Essentially,powerfactorisameasurementof
how effectively electrical power is being used. The
higherthepowerfactor,themoreeffectivelyelectrical
powerisbeingused.

Whyimprovelowpowerfactor?

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Whatispowerfactor?

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ABBControlhasthebestsolutionforLowPowerFactor
andHarmonicDistortion.

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Adistributionsystem'soperatingpoweriscomposedof
two parts: Active (working) power and reactive (non
working magnetizing) power. The ACTIVE power
performstheusefulworktheREACTIVEpowerdoes
not. It's only function is to develop magnetic fields
requiredbyinductivedevices.

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Lowpowerfactormeanspoorelectricalefficiency.Thelowerthepowerfactor,thehighertheapparentpowerdrawnfromthe
distributionnetwork.
Whenlowpowerfactorisnotcorrected,theutilitymustprovidethenonworkingreactivepowerinadditiontotheworkingactive
power.Thisresultsintheuseoflargergenerators,transformers,busbars,wires,andotherdistributionsystemdevicesthat
otherwisewouldnotbenecessary.
Astheutility'scapitalexpendituresandoperatingcostsaregoingtobehigher,theyaregoingtopassthesehigher
expensestoindustrialusersintheformofpowerfactorpenaltiesandhigherutilitybills.

ABB'sPowerFactorCorrectionCapacitorsSolvetheProblem
Solve low power factor problems by adding power factor
correction capacitors to your electrical network. As illustrated
below, power factor correction capacitors work as reactive
currentgenerators
"providing"neededreactivepower(kvar)tothepowersupply.
Bysupplyingtheirownsourceofreactivepower,theindustrial
user frees the utility from having to supply it therefore, the
total amount of apparent power (kVA) supplied by the utility
willbeless.
Power factor correction capacitors reduce the total current
drawnfromthedistributionsystemandsubsequentlyincrease
systemcapacity.

Whocanbenefit?
Manyindustrialandcommercialapplicationscanbenefitfromimprovingpowerfactorlevels.Theseinclude:manufacturers,
hospitals,shoppingmalls,officebuilding&institutions,pulp&papermills,sawmills,textilemills,printingplants,Dlastic
manufacturers.etc.

Howmuchcanbesaved?
Inthefollowingexample,ifpowerfactorcorrectionisappliedtotheelectricalnetwork,increasingpowerfactorto90%,thepotential
annualsavingsonutilitybillswouldbe$4,322.23,oranaverageof$360permonth,asavingsofupto15%!
Typicalinstallationswillpayforthemselveswithin18months,andinmanycases,within1year!
Period

https://www.galco.com/circuit/harmon.htm

Actual

Actual

Actual

New

New

Reduction

Reactive

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4/1/2015

PowerFactorCorrectionCapacitors
ofthe
Year
(Month)

KW
Demand
(KW)

KVA
Demand
(KVA)

Power
Factor
(%)

Power
Factor
(%)

KVA
Demand
(KVA)

inKVA
Demand
(KVA)

Power
Required
(KVAR)

Money
Saved
($)

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

200
150
125
224
208
210
223
211
204
198
156
201

245
224
175
256
289
299
289
278
265
245
198
265

81.63%
66.69%
71.43%
87.50%
71.97%
70.23%
77.16%
75.90%
76.98%
80.82%
78.79%
75.85%

90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%
90.00%

222
167
139
249
231
233
248
234
227
220
173
223

23
57
36
7
58
66
41
44
38
25
25
42

45
94
62
15
100
111
76
79
70
48
46
75

$213.41
537.16
338.33
66.62
542.36
615.23
386.21
408.07
359.15
234.23
231.10
390.38

NotonlywillPowerFactorCorrectionCapacitorssaveyoumoney,theywill:
Reduceheatlossoftransformersanddistributionequipment
Prolongthelifeofdistributionequipment
Stabilizesvoltagelevels
Increaseyoursystem'scapacity,etc.
ABBContr ol's Capac itor s ar eManufac tur edinCanada.Copy r ight1996ABBContr ol.Repr intedwithPer mis s ion.
RelatedLinks:

NowatGalco!ABBPowerFactorCorrectionCapacitors
TechTip||HarmonicDistortion
FeaturedProducts||PowerandElectrical
PopularCutSheets||PowerQuality&Productivity
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26010PinehurstDrive,MadisonHeights,MI48071
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