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Optimum Design Principles

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Optimum Design

ChE 216

Optimum Design and

Design Strategy

Best Design

Maximum efficiency at the least cost

corresponding to:

Minimum Total Cost

Maximum profits

Maximum Production/Yield

Evelyn R. Laurito

University of Santo Tomas

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

1/2/2011

Optimum Design

costs

TotalCosts

CT=CF+CV

1/2/2011

Fixed

Costs, CF

by Evelyn R. Laurito

1. Determine the factor (F) to be max/min and

variables (x, y, z) to be optimized

2. Set up an equation relating F with the

variables; F = f(x,y,z)

3. Analyze the equation graphically or

analytically to get the Fmax or Fmin

Annual Cost, C

Opt Dv

Design variable (Dv)

Optimum Design

Economic balance

CTmin

by Evelyn R. Laurito

Variable

Costs, CV

3

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

1/2/2011

Example 1

Optimum Design

(Analytical Solution)

Analytical Solution

bottles/day. The variable cost per bottle is :

each derivative to zero

F

x

F

y

0

y,z

F

z

0

x, z

other expenses are constant at PhP 732.50/day.

What is the optimum Production rate

(bottles/day) of the softdrinks plant?

x, y

yopt and zopt

3. Check for min/max point

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

Analytical Soln

Graphical soln

(MathCAD)

CV 0.15 0.012 P

PhP

bottle

0.4

0.4

(MathCAD)

2

-9

0.4 175 732.5

d

0.15 0.012 P

6.2653977485324231144 10

2

P

dP

Assume P 1000

.6

-3

907.5

P

1/2/2011

If P 5874

CT( P) 0.690643301

If P 5875

CT( P) 0.690643298

( 175 732.5)

P

0.690644

907.5

P

0.6906438

If P 5000

6

d

CT( P) 7.336 10

dP

If P 5874.989

d

CT( P)

dP

0.6906436

If P 6000

7

d

CT( P) 7.544 10

dP

0.6906434

Find ( P) 5874.989

0.4

0.6906442

-3

Given

point (i.e. minimum cost; therefore it checks)

175 732.5

4.8 10

0.4 175 732.5

d

0.15 0.012 P

P

.6

dP

4.8 10

1

PhP

day bottles

P

day

CF 175 732.5

CT ( P)

- slope + slope

0 slope

Min Pt

ChE 216- Plant Design Course Notes

by Evelyn R. Laurito

0.6906432

5860

7

1/2/2011

5865

5870

5875

5880

P

ChE 216- Plant Design Course Notes

by Evelyn R. Laurito

5885

5890

8

1/2/2011

Example 2 (p.47/PT)

Analytical Soln

(Analytical Solution)

(MathCAD)

11900

CT( x y ) 2.33 x

and y on the total cost for a particular

operation:

x y

1.86 y 10

11900

d

CT( x y ) 2.33

2

dx

x y

11900

d

CT( x y )

1.86

2

dy

x y

11900

CT 2.33x

1.86 y 10

xy

x 1

Assume

2 nd derivative Test

d

C ( x y )

2 T

23800

23800

dx

x y

y 1

Given

2.33

11900

2

x y

11900

x y

dy

C ( x y )

2 T

x y

1.86 0

15.975

20.012

Find( x y )

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

1/2/2011

by Evelyn R. Laurito

10

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