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Questionnaire
It is between liquid and plastic states and it is defined as
the lowest water content at which the mass has the capacity
to flow as a liquid
It is between the plastic and semisolid states and is defined
as the lowest water content at which the mass can be readily
molded without crumbling
This is between the semisolid and solid states and is
defined as the highest water content at which the mass
attains its minimum volume but it continues to lose weight
This is the difference between the liquid and Plastic Limit
This is the difference between plastic and shrinkage limit
Weight of soil sample needed for liquid limit
determination
Weight of soil sample needed for Plastic limit
determination
Weight of soil sample needed for Shrinkage Limit
determination
It is the ratio of the weight of water in the soil to the weight
of the dry soil after it has been dried to constant weight at a
temperature of 105 to 1100C.
It is defined as the ratio of the weight in air of a given
volume of a material to the weight in air of an equal
volume of a standard material at a stated temperature
It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by
sieve, hydrometer, or a combined analysis.
Three major groups of soil
If the individual particles are visible to the unaided eye, the
soil considered to be
The two principal soil types that comprise the coarse
grained soil.
If its individual particles are not visible to the unaided eye
The two principal soil types that comprises this group
This type contain an appreciable amount of decayed animal
and/or plant matter.
The limiting diameter of gravel is
The limiting diameter of sand is
Rock fragments w/c are coarser than the upper limiting size
for gravel are
Limiting size for silt
Limiting size for clay
Those smaller than 0.001 are called
The drying time of 225 grams sandy materials
The drying time of a plastic, fine grained soil of the same
weight is
It shall have an even number of equal width chutes but not
less than a total of eight for coarse aggregate, or twelve for
F.A. w/c discharge alternately to each side
It is widely used in the classification and identification of
soils. It is an important criteria in the classification of
highway subgrade materials. It is also related to
permeability and capillarity of cohesionless soil.
The size of the portion passing 2mm(#10) or 0.425mm(#40)
sieve shall be tested for
These indicates compressibility and related to permeability
High PI means high degree of compressibility of soil
The higher PI, the lower permeability
It is performed if the soil is granular, if considerable portion
is retained on the No. 200 sieve (0.074mm)
If the soil is fine-grained or nearly, all its particles are finer
than the No.200 sieve.
For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should
at the time of rolling be at
For a road base coarse, the most preferable materials is one
with CBR value of
Peat and Muck are

Correct answer
liquid limit

plastic limit

shrinkage limit
plasticity index
shrinkage index
100 grams
15 grams
30 grams
moisture content

specific gravity
mechanical analysis
coarse grained, fined grained, organic
coarse grained
gravel and sand
fine grained soil
clay and silt
organic soil
3" to 10" or 75mm to 2mm
2mm to 0.074mm
boulders
0.074mm to 0.005
0.005mm to 0.001mm
colloids
2 hours
4 hours
sample splitter

plasticity index
1
1
sieve analysis
hydrometer analysis
optimum moisture content
0.8
unsuitable soils

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The plasticity index of aggregate base coarses (item 201)


should be not greater than
The natural water content of highly organic soil is
The most commonly used method of soil exporation
The lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow
upon the application of a very small shearing force.
The minimum moisture content at which the soil remains in
a plastic state
This is very important to achieve maximum contact between
particles and maximum water tightness of base materials.
In general, soils with high value of this and PI are poor as
engineering materials
Gives indication of clay content in soil
Use to evaluate the potential strength of soil/aggregate.
The purpose of this trial is to check the suitability of the
materials and the eficiency of the equipment and
construction method which is proposed to be used.
The behavior of soil is markedly influence by the amount of
It is defined as the weight/mass per unit volume.
This is widely used as a control test in embankment
construction to ensure adequate compaction
It involves the application of energy and addition of water
as lubricant
It is express as the moisture content corresponding to 25
blows
It increases shearing strength of aggregate of any size,
shape/gradation.
This is the amount of moisture that allow the compacting
force to overcome the frictional resistance and the maximum
density of soil mass is attained
Height of fall of 25kg rammer
Height of fall of 4.54 kg rammer
Moisture content of air dried soil
Moisture content of undisturbed soil
The value of this is use in the design and control of
concrete moisture
This determines the fineness of cement w/c affects the
strength of cement
This determines the amount of water required to prepare
hydraulic cement paste for testing
The purpose of this test is to established whether a cement
complies w/ a specification limit on setting time
This test provides an index of potential delayed expansion
caused by the hydration of Calcium oxide (CaO) or
Magnesium Oxide (MgO) or both
This test determines whether or not the hydrauic cement
under test meets the air entraining or non-air entraining
requirement of the specs
This is used to determine the compressive strength of
hydraulic cement that wil be used
This determines the freshness of cement and the amount of
moisture present in the cement
This determines the inert materials (acid insoluble material)
present in the cement
This determines the amount of gypsum added to the cement
to regulate its setting
This determines the soundness of cement
Natural Pozzolan Cement
Artificial pozzolan cement
Diameter of sphere used in abrasion test
Weight of cast iron spheres
Weight of Steel Spheres
Defined as the product obtained by burning to incipient
fusion a properly proportioned mixture of argilaceous
and calcareous materials.
This is burnt product w/c is used w/ Gypsum and pulverized
to form Portland cement

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more than 100%
core boring
liquid limit
plastic limit

This react or combined w/ water, one that will harden


underwater.
This is the heat produced by the chemical reaction between
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cement and water
This is the process in which the cement reacts or combined
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chemically w/ water
Those materials w/c contributes silica (SIO2)
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79 Alumina (Al203) and Iron Oxide (Fe2O3) to clinker, it

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includes clay, shale or sand, etc.


Those materilas w/c contributes lime (CaO) and Magnesia
(MgO) to the clinker, it includes limestone chalk, marls,
marine oyster shells, ec.
These type of cement is used for General Construction
These is used where sulfate concentration in ground waters
are higher than normal but not severe, generate heat at a
slower rate than normal.
This type develops approximately 190% of the strength of
Type 1 at 3 days & 90 to 130% at 28 days
This is a special cement for use where the amount and rate
of heat generated must be minimized
A special cement intended to be used in structure to prevent
damage from severe sulfate action of soils or high alkali
content of H2O
In sub-base & base coarse, this material shall be free from
hard lump and shall not contain more than 15% of material
retained on the No. 4 sieve.
Concrete deposited in water.
The consistency of the concrete mixture should be checked
frequently by this test
Slump of Concrete deposited in water
The minimum cement content of concrete deposited in
water (kg/m3 of concrete)
The maximum distance of the discharge line from the point
of deposit by pneumatic means
The maximum time needed for consolidation/compaction
of structure/concrete. Using internal vibrator
The space interval of inserting vibrator that should be
withdrawn vertically to penetrate underlying lift for
homogeneity between lifts.
Minimum time needed for the removal of forms for beams,
girders, frames, or arches.

95 Minimum bar lapping for tension

96 Minimum bar lapping distance for compression


97 Minimum separation of splices when staggered
Consist of furnishing, placing and finishing concrete in all
98 structures except pavement conforming to the lines, grade
and dimensions.
99 Minimum grouting pressure for bonding tensions.
The mixing time when concrete were mixed in a central
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mixing plant.
Occurs on PCCP when the cutting of weakened plane is
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delayed
When concrete pile cast in place formed by first removing
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the soil by drilling and filling the void by concrete.
103 Maximum length of tremie pipe and its diameter.
104 Length of tremie pipe that must be submerge into concrete.
105 What is the density of Bentonite to 1 cu.m. of water
Reinforcement that consist of spiral bars coiled outside the
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main longitudinal reinforcements.
107 The usual size of stiffening rings
The minimum spacing of steel bars on bored piles to ensure
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108 that concrete would still flow outwards to the walls of the
bored piles.
109 Must be w/ in the limit of "water cement ratio" for concrete
110 Required revolution of concrete mixer
111 The minimum number of revolutions for each concrete mix.
112 The minimum interval of concrete pouring to avoid cold joint
Consists of all work elements carried out by the manager or
113 by those in his organization w/c contribute to the quality of
the output of some other organization.
Refers to the process of making tests to determine the
114 degree of compliance of delivered or constructed materials
w/ the specification
The main objective of this design is to determine the
proportion of the ingredients that will produce concrete of
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the proper workability when fresh and the desired
durability and strength after it has hardened.
These are prescribed in each project based on the estimated
116 quantities, it specify the kind and number of tests for each
work items.
This is prepared by the DPWH for the contractor to comply
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to facilitate quality control.
This should be done during the first seven days in order
that the expected development of strength will be obtained
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and the occurrence of plastic cracks will be prevented or
minimized
This is preferable than a good PCCP road due to its lower
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initial cost and more uniform riding surface.
The proportioning of aggregate and asphalt should be based
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on this
This formula should be set and strictly followed in all
batches of the asphalt mixes, it should include provisions
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on grading of aggregates percentage of asphalt and temp. of
mixture at time of compaction.
Use in measuring the thickness or height determination of
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compacted bituminous paving mixture to the nearest 0.10 cm
Used to determine the grading of aggregates extracted from
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bituminous mixtures.
124 A test to determine the moisture content of soil.
The amount of lime to be added in item 203 (lime Stabilized
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Road Mix Base Coarse)
The amount of cement to be added in item 204 (Portland
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cement Stabilized Road Mix Base Coarse)
For Item 505 (Stone Masonry) No. of bags of cement &
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Fine aggregate / cu.m.
It is a colloidal dispersion of asphalt in water whose color is
128 chocolate-brown before use and turns black when the
emulsion is broken.
What process determines the asphalt content in asphalt
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mixes
Minimum temperature of Bituminous Concrete when place,
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measured in the truck prior to dumping.
Minimum temperature of tar when it is used in Bituminous
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Concrete
132 The bituminous material commonly used in 310
This item consist of preparing and treating an aggregate
133 base coarse preparatory to the const. of the Bituminous
Surface Coarse.
This item consists of preparing and treating an existing
134 bituminous or cement concrete pavement with bituminous
materials
Consist of an application of bituminous materials w/ or w/o
135 an application of aggregate on an existing bituminous
surface coarse.
Consist of either a single application of bituminous material
followed by a single spreading of aggregate or two
application of bituminous materials each followed by a single
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spreading of aggregate or two application of bituminous

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materials each followed by spreading of aggregates (Double


Surface Treatment).
What determines the index of retained strength of the
asphalt mix.
It is the ratio of wet to dry stability of the mix (compressive
strength).
This measures the resistance to flow of asphalt.
Measures the distance that standard needle will penetrate
a sample at a given temperature in a specified time.
Measures the ability of asphalt to stretch w/o breaking
It determines the rate of loss of volatile oil of asphalt when
heated and the change in penetration caused by excessive
heating
Indicates the uniformity of product
Indicates the safe heating temperature of asphalt
Determines if asphalt is overheated during production
Determines the bitumen content in asphalt that is soluble
in petroleum solvent.
Determines the asphalt content of liquid asphalt.
Determines the presence of larger globules of asphalt
in the emulsion.
Determines the resistance of the emulsion to breakdown
on the job.
Detects the tendency of the asphalt globules in the
emulsion to settle during storage
It is the basic cementing material, the main constituent of all
oher asphalt types also known as hot asphalt
Mixture of asphalt cement, water & emulsifier usually 60%
asphalt & 40% water.
Blends of asphalt cement and petroleum solution
Asphalt cement with non volatile or slow volatile oils or
road oil.
Asphalt cement w/ kerosene
Asphalt cement w/ gasoline
Used as joint and crackfiller and for water proofing
Gives color and hardness
Composed of resin w/c provides stickness (adhesiveness)
and oil w/c influence viscosity of asphalt and in part softness
Portland-Pozzolan cement for use in general/concrete
construction.
Portland-Pozzolan Cement for use in concrete const.
where high strength at early ages are not required.
Is the solid portion of paint, the finely divided solid particles
used in paint.
Are inert materials w/c are added to the paint to increase
the volume w/o increasing in the cost.
Intended for use on concrete or other masonry surface
A paint made from emulsions of polymer in water as binder
with suitable pigment w/c is substantially free from gloss
Intended for used on wood surface, a special type of paint
made w/ varnish as the vehicle.
For interior use, a paint made from alkyd resin as binder
with suitable pigment .
For exterior use, made from alkyd resin as a binder w/
suitable pigment w/c has sheen, shine or luster.
A bright orange-red tetroxide, used as primary constituents
of anti-corrosive primers for iron or steel.
A pigment mainly of ferric oxide.
This kind of paint is primarily intended for use on steel
structure.
For zone marking, traffic lanes, should possess improve
visibility at night.
This is the liquid portion of the paint.
Placing of rip-rap must be
Placing of stone masonry must be
Minimum spacing of weep-holes and their diameter
A core specimen for thickness determination shall have a

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diameter of
Minimum required temp. for asphalt compaction
Minimum thickness for asphalt overlay
Minimum dry stability compressive strength for item 310
Minimum asphalt content for item 310
Different test conducted in the field are
Thickness tolerance is
Surface tolerance for compaction of item 310
In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
The required maximum dry density obtained by Lab test,
and degree of compaction required for aggregate sub-base
should at least.
The specified Flexural strength for paving concrete using
midpoint loading is
Per our present specs for hghways & bridges including
ammendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic
not later than
The slump test on concrete is a measure of
The fineness modulus is highest for
If concrete is continously moist cured, it will gain strength
beyond 180 days.
The quality of paving concrete is usually measured by its
Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregate by vol.
is preferable than weight
If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will
require more
The most favorable period for curing concrete is
Lower water cement ratio in concrete mixes improves
When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing
should start at the
The maximum % abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse
aggregate is
In casting of reinforced concrete piles, the concrete used is
What is the dead load equivalent of loose sand, earth &
gravel fill
What is the rate of application for curing compound
During coring of completed pavemen, how many cores/km/
lane are required as per specs?
What is the right proportion for stone masonry (mortar)
The most commonly used method of soil exporation is
The flow curved obtained when liquid limit test results are
plotted on a semi-log scale is in the form of
What is the effect of increasing th compaction effort in
compacting soil
The allowable smooth riding quality for PCCp is

209 Test requirement for on-going asphalt pavement.


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Minimum test requirement for completed Bituminous


Pavement
Required thickness for compaction is
Mass % of air void of item 310
Mineral filler passing no. 200 sieve used in item 310
should have a plasticity index of
Rolling of item 310 must begin from
An excavation and utilization of approved material sources
required for the construction of embankment, or for other
portion of the work as shown on the plans or on the special
provision
On item 102, rock shall be excavated below sub-grade w/in
the limit of the road bed to a depth of
Test requirement for selected borrow (topping)
What is the rolling distance extended outside the base
coarse and surface coarse on pavement
A concrete where compression is induced before application
of working loads so that tension under these working
load is reduced

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The system of pre-stressing wherein the steel tendons are


tensioned before pacing concrete
Do you want to show the rating, Y/N? y
Do you want to show the correct answer, Y/N? y
score
Percentage

pre-tensioning

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17.27%

Correct answer
Liquid Limit

Plastic Limit

Shrinkage Limit
Plasticity Index
Shrinkage Index
100 grams
15 grams
30 grams
Moisture Content
Water Content
Specific Gravity
Grain size
Mecnaical Analysis
Coarse grained, Fine Grained, Organic
Coarse grained
Gravel and sand
Fine grained soil
Clay and silt
Organic Soil
3" to 10" or 75mm to 2mm
2mm to 0.074mm
Boulders
0.074mm to 0.005mm
0.005mm to 0.001mm
colloids
2 hours
4 hours
Sample Splitter

Plasticity Index
1
1
Sieve Analysis
Hydrometer analysis
Optimum moisture content
0.8
Unsuitable soils

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more than 100%
core boring
Liquid limit
Plastic limit
Gradation
Liquid Limit of Fines
Plasticity Index
CBR
Trial section
Moisture Content
Density
Field density Test
Compaction of soil
Liquid Limit
Compaction
Optimum Moisture Content
12 inches or 305mm
18 inches or 457 mm
Hygroscopic Moisture content
Natural Moisture content
Specific Gravity of cement
Fineness of cement test
Normal consistency test of cement
Time of setting by Gilmore Needle
Soundness test by Patoclave expansion

Air Content Test


Mortar Strength
Loss on Ignition
Insoluble Residue test
Sulfur Trioxide Test
Magnesium oxide test
Volcanic Ash
Fly ash
46.8 mm
390 grams
455 grams
Portland Cement
Clinker

Hydraulic cement
Heat of Hydration
Hydration

Argillaceous Raw Materials

Calcareous raw Materials


Normal Cement or Type 1
Moderate Sulfate resistant or type II
High Early Strength or Type III
Low Heat of Hydration or Type 4
Sulfate resistant or Type V

Filler material
Seal Concrete
Slump test
10-20cm
400
3 meters
15 seconds
50 - 60cm
14days or 80% of design strength
24bars for grade 40 (404)

20 bars for grade 40


40 bars
structural concrete
0.6894 Mpa or 100psi
50 - 90 seconds
shrinkage cracking
Bored Pile
2.5 meters and 20 cm diameter
2- 6 m w/ bentonite
30 - 100 kg/cu.m.
Transverse reinforcements
2.5 mm
100 mm

100 mm
0.50 - 0.60
4 - 6 rpm
100 revolutions
30 minutes
Quality Assurance Work

Materials Testing

Design of the Concrete Mixture

Minimum testing requirements


Quality Control Program

Curing of concrete

Asphalt road
Laboratory Trial Mixes

Job Mix Formula

Caliper
Meachanical Analysis of Extracted Aggregates
Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure
3 - 12 mass % of dry soil aggregate
6 - 10 mass % of dry soil aggregate
2 bags/cu.m.
0.17cu.m./cu.m
Emulsified Asphalt
Extraction
1070 C
66 to 1070 C
asphalt cement
Bituminous Prime Coat

Bituminous Tack Coat

Bituminous seal Coat

Bituminous Surface Treatment

Bituminous Surface Treatment

Immersion
Compression Test
Index of retained strength
Viscosity Test
Penetration Test
Ductility test
Loss on Heating Test
Specific Gravity
Flash Point
Spot test
Solubility Test
Distillation Test
Sieve Test
Cement Mixing Test
Storage Stability Test
Asphalt cement
Emulsified Asphalt
Cutback asphalt
slow curing
medium curing
Rapid Curing
Blown or oxidized asphalt
Asphaltene
Maltene
Type IP
Type P
Pigments
Extenders
Latex Paint
Flat Latex Paint
Enamel Paint
Flat wall enamel
Gloss/semi gloss enamel
Red lead
Red Oxide
Aluminum Paint
Reflectorized traffic paint
Vehicle
perpendicular to the slope
parallel to the slope
2 meters on center & 2'' dia.
4"

4"
1070 C Tolerance +- 100 C
1 inch or 25 mm
1.4 Mpa or 200 psi
5 to 8%
FDT, Slump, T-core, SPT & Test Pit
+ 5 mm & - 25 mm
not to exceed 6 mm
Class C-1
1
650 psi or 4.5 Mpa
14 days after pouring
consistency
Coarse sand
1
Flexural strength
0
water & coarse aggregate
during the first few days or week
strength
bottom
0.4
C2
1.603 tons/cu.m.
0.20 liter/sq.m.
55
1:2
Core boring
straight line
Higher density
3 mm
1 but not more than 3 samples
1 sample every 100 lin.m./lane
150 mm/layer
5 - 7%
not greater than 4%
the sides
Borrow excavation

150 mm
201 PI > 6% & LL > 25
30 cm
Pre-stressed concrete

Pre-tensioning

1.

In soil Engineering, the term soil includes


a. sand and gravel
c. both a and b
b. mud and muck
d. neither a nor b

2.

Clay can be distinguished from silt by


a. dilatancy test
b. plasticity test

c. either a or b
d. neither a nor b

3.

The particle size distribution of a sandy gravel


is determined by
a. hydrometer test
c. dilatancy test
b. sieve test
d. any of the preceding test

4.

The Atterberg Limits Tests are performed on


the soil fraction passing sieve no.
a.
4
c.
b.
16
d.

5.

Disturbed soil samples may be used for


a. sieve test
b. liquid limit test

c.
c.

40
200

compaction test
any of the preceding test

6.

Optimum water content of a soil is determined by


a. compaction test
c. either a or b
b. field density test
d. neither a nor b

7.

An undisturbed soil sample is needed for


a. consolidation test
c. both a and b
b. direct shear test
d. neither a nor b

8.

Liquid limit is numerically


a. less than plastic limit
b. greater than shrikage limit

c. either a or b
d. neither a nor b

9.

Moisture content of soils is generally based on


a. total weight of soil
c. density
b. weight of solids
d. degree of saturation

10.

A-7 soils have a higher Group Index than A-1 soils


a. true
c. it depends on gradation of soil
b.
0

11.

Sandy soils have a higher plasticity index than clayey soils


a.
1
c. it depends on gradation of soil
b. false

12.

The best soils for a road structure would have a Group Index of
a. less than 5
c. 11 to 15

b.

5 to 10

d. 16 to 20

13.

The porosity of a soil which has a void ratio of one (1) is


a. 50%
c. 75%
b. 80%
d. 25%

14.

Upon what depends the density to which any soil can be compacted
a. Moisture content
c. Both a and b
b. Compactive energy
d. Neither a nor b

15.

Which void ratio will you prefer for a soil after compaction in the road?
a. 1/4
c. 3/4
b. 1/2
d. 1

16.

The degree of compaction of a rolled subgrade is determined by


a. compaction test
c. consolidation test
b. density test
d. compression test

17.

For a given compactive energy, the maximum density of a soil is obtained


when its water content is
a. at the optimum amount
c. higher than the optimum
b. lower than the optimum
d. almost zero

18.

Which percent silt and clay content would you prefer for base
coarse of an asphalt road?
a.
5
c. 50
b.
25
d. 75

19.

The porosity of a certain soil will increase if there is an increase


in the void ratio
a.
1
c. it depends on the moisture content
b.
0

20.

If 95% of a soil passes the No. 200 sieve, its particle size distribution
is best determined by
a. hydrometer test
c. either a or b
b. sieve test
d. neither a nor b

21.

The density of a certain soil will increase if


the void ratio decreases
a.
1
c.
b.
0

it depends on porosity

22.

A soil which is classified A-7 by the Highway Research Board


Method will have a subgrade rating of
a. excellent
c. fair
b. good
c. poor

23.

Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base coarse

of a Portland Cement Concrete Pavement?


a. less than 6
c. 10 to 12
b. 6 to 9
d. more than 1
24.

The standard compaction test on predominantly fine-grain soils is


performed on soil fraction passing sieve no
a.
200
c. 16
b.
40
d. 4

25.

The flow curve obtained when liquid limit test results are plotted
on semi-log scale in the form of
a. straight line
c. parabola
b. arc
d. hyperbola

26.

The soil particles remaining in suspension one hour after sedimentation


starts in hydrometer test will be predominantly
a. clay
c. silty sand
b. silt
d. sand

27.

The opening of a No. 4 sieve is bgger than the opening of a 1/4" sieve.
a.
1
c. they are the same
b.
0

28.

What is the effect of increasing the compactive effort in compacting a soil?


a. higher density
c. both a and b
b. lower optimum water content
d. neither a nor b

29.

Sand has a greater load carrying capacity than clay


a.
1
c. it depends on water content
b.
0
d. it depends on gradation

30.

The most commonly used method of soil exploration is


a. core boring
c. electrical resistivity
b. plate bearing

31.

A fine-grained soil will decrease in volume if water content decreases


while the soil is in the
a. plastic state
c. both of the preceding
b. semi-solid state

32.

The empirical number used in design is


a. plasticity index
b. group index

c.

both of the preceding

33.

The degree of compaction of soil affects the CBR


a.
1
c. it depends on the void ratio
b.
0

34.

A soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content

a.
b.

1
0

c.

it depends on the void ratio

35.

Shrinkage limit is the minimum volume of a soil when dried


a.
1
c. it depends on the porosity
b.
0

36.

High cohesion makes the soil more desirable for a roadbase


or subbase
a.
1
c. it depends on specific gravity
b.
0

37.

Sand has a faster rate of consolidation than clay


a.
1
c. it depends on in-place density
b.
0

38.

Fine-grained soils are preferable than coarse grained soils for a


construction of highway embankments.
a.
1
c. it depends on grading
b.
0

39.

______________ determines the relative amount of water


in the voids.
a. water content
c. degree of saturation
b. void ratio
d. porosity

40.

In soil engineering the term "soil" includes


a. clay
c.
b. gravel
c.

sand
all of the preceding

41.

Water content of soils is generally based on the


a. total weight of soil
c. weight of solids
b. total volume of soil
d. unit weight

42.

A soil is fully saturated if the water content is


a. at optimum content
c. more than 100%
b.
100%
c. fills all the void spaces

43.

Which property of soil is not to be disturbed in undisturbed


samples?
a. structure
c. moisture content
b. density
c. all of the preceding

44.

The particle size distribution of a soil is determine by


a. liquid limit test
c. sieve analysis test
b. plastic limit test
d. any of the preceding test

45.

_____________ soils are most suitable for the construction


of highway embankments

a.
b.

Granular
Fine-grained

c. Plastic
d. Clayey

46.

The density to which the soil can be compacted is related to


a. compactive effort
c. both a and b
b. water content
d. neither a nor b

47.

Void ratio is numerically greater than porosity


a.
1
c. It depends on water content
b.
0

48.

____________ is an asphalt formed by natural process


of evaporation.
a. Rock asphalt
c. Asphalt cement
b. Asphalt emulsion
d. Cut-back asphalt

49.

Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates


for bituminous mixtures.
a.
1
c. it depends on type of
b.
0
bituminous materials

50.

The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid


asphalt is the
a. flowmeter
c. penetrometer
b. viscometer
d. pycnometer

51.

___________ is preferable for bituminous prime coat


a. Solid asphalt
c. Blown Asphalt
b. Liquid Asphalt
d. Hot Asphalt

52.

___________ is the test used in determining the amount


of asphalt cement in a liquid asphalt
a. Distillation
c. Penetration
b. Extraction
d. Solubility

53.

____________ emulsion are usually tested for extraction


a. Asphalt cement
c. Asphalt mixes
b. Cut-back cement
d. Asphalt emulsion

54.

Extraction test is the procedure used for separating


a. the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt
b. asphalt from mineral aggregates
c. asphalt from gasoline solvent
d. asphalt from kerosene solvent

55.

___________ indicates the safe working temperature


of the asphalt
a. Distillation
c. Flashing point
b. Viscosity
d. Softening point

56.

The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stabiity


Test is the average of the asphalt content of the Maximum
Stability, Maximum density and
a. Maximum Flow
c. 4% Air Voids
b. Maximum Air Voids
d. 4% Flow

57.

___________ are intergranuarvoid spaces between aggregate


particles.
a. VMA
c. Permeable Voids
b. Air Voids

58.

The main difference between a bulk measured specific gravity


of a bituminous mixtures and its maximum measured
specified gravity is the
a. weight of the voids
b. weight of the asphalt
c. volume of the voids
d. volume of the aggregates

59.

____________ is the best type of asphalt to be


used for hot mixes
a. Asphalt cement
c. Rapid Curing Cut-back
b. Emusified Asphalt
d. Medium curing Cut-back

60.

The field density of a bituminous pavement shall not be


less than ______ of the specific density of the laboratory
compacted specimen.
a.
92%
c. 98%
b.
95%

61.

A bitumionus coating applied in an existing road prior to


laying of a bituminous surface overlay is
a. prime coat
c. seal coat
b. tack coat

62.

The distance travelled by a standard penetration needle


on a prepared sample of asphalt cement under conditions
for normal penetration is 8.6mm. The material penetration
is __________ penetration grade.
a. 40-50
c. 120-150
b. 85-100
d. 200-300

63.

The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing


6% asphalt by weight of mix is 2.5. If the specific gravity of
the asphalt 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is
equal to
a.
2.65
c.
2.76
b.
2.56
d.
2.70

64.

A job-mix Formula provides for close control of


a. asphalt content
c. both of them
b. aggregate gradation
d. neither of htem

65.

The desired property of fresh concrete is


a. strength
c. workability
b. durability
d. water tightened

66.

The sieve used in the separation of aggregate after the


abrasion test is
a. 0.425mm (No. 40)
c. 1.70 mm (No. 12)
b. 4.75mm (No. 4)
d. 0.075 mm (No. 200)

67.

Normally, concrete mix with _______ water cement ratio


will develop the lowest strength.
a.
0.75
c.
0.50
b.
0.35
d.
0.45

68.

The most important single factor which affects the quality


of concrete is
a. cement content
c. water-cement ratio
b. aggregate gradation
d. aggregate quality

69.

Paving concrete will need less _________ than that


of structure concrete.
a. sand
c. coarse aggregate
b. water
c. both a and b

70.

Concrete specimen molded in a 6" x 6" x 21" beam mold


should be rodded _______ times per layer.
a.
60
c.
62
b.
61
c.
63

71.

Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate


sample requires.
a. abrasion test
c. stability
b. sieve analysis
c. both a and b

72.

Concrete mix should be in place __________ after the


cement is added into the aggregate and water.
a. 100 min
c. 15 min
b. 120 min
c. 90 min

73.

Concrete beam specimens for paving concrete


are molded in
a. 2 equal layers
c. 4 equal layers
b. 3 equal layers
d. 4 equla layers

74.

A minimum cement factor of ______ bags per cubic meter


of concrete is required for paving concrete. (based on
94 Ib bag of cement)
a.
7.5
c.
9.5
b.
8.5
d.
10

75.

The volume of the ______ can be calculted by performing


the unit weight test on the fresh concrete.
a. concrete
c. air
b. cement
c. all of the preceding

76.

The use of manufactured fine aggregate will generally


require more
a. mixing water
c. coarse aggregate
b. fine aggregate
d. both a and b

77.

The
a.
b.
c.

78.

The coarser the fine aggregate, the higher the


fineness modulus
a. yes
c. depends on the grading test
b. no

79.

The more the concrete is exposed, the greater the range


of movement.
a.
1
c. it depends on the type
b.
0
of cement

80.

The samples of reinforcing steel bar to be submitted


for a test should be at least.
a. 20 cm
c. 100 cm
b. 40 cm

81.

For efficient compaction, the embankment material should


at the time of rolling be
a. dry
c. at optimum moisture
b. wet
content

82.

__________ of 12.5mm diameter steel bar for concrete


reinforcement is the maximum quantity that a sample
can represent.
a. 15000 kg
c. 5000 kg
b. 10000 kg

83.

Per our present Specifications for Highway and Bridges,


including amendments, it is mandatory to open portland

two major components of concrete are


paste and mineral aggregates
cement and water
water and coarse aggregates

cement concrete pavements to traffic not later than


a. 7 days after pouring
c. 21 days after pouring
b. 14 days after pouring
d. 28 days after pouring
84.

For 850 cu.m. of concrete paved in one day, _______ sets of


concrete beam samples should be taken and tested for
strength (thickness of pavement is 0.23m)
a.
3
c.
12
b.
2

85.

For 8050 cu.m. concrete coarse aggregate, _______ samples


should be submitted for quality test.
a.
6
c.
3
b.
5
d.
4

86.

The coarse aggregate of item 201, Aggregate Base Coarse


shall have a percentage of wear not more than _______
as determined by Los Angeles Battled Test.
a.
40%
c.
50%
b.
45%
d.
60%

87.

The rate of application of Bituminous Material used as


Bituminous Prime coat is _______ per square meter.
a. 0.5 to 1.0 L
c. 1.0 to 2.0 L
b. 1.0 to 1.5 L

88.

Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for


its _________ properties.
a. tensile
c. bending
b. compression
c. both a and c

89.

For 250 gallons of Red Lead Paint ______ samples


should be submitted for quality tests.
a.
1
c.
b.
2

90.

The number samples of structural steel (reduce section)


required for 30,000 kgs is
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2

91.

_________ is the method used in determining the strength


of concrete pipes.
a. Fold-point loading
c. Three Edge Bearing
b. Midspan Loading

92.

An aggregate base coarse of 23,750cu.m. require ________


quality test.
a.
80
c.
20

b.

50

c.

16

93.

The plasticity index of aggregate base coarse should


be not greater than
a.
12
c.
10
b.
6
d.
8

94.

Concrete hollow blocks are tested for its


a. compression
c.
b. absorption and dimension
c.

tensile
both a and b

95.

Item 306 is called


a. Bituminous Surface Treatment
b. Bituminous Road Mix Surface Coarse
c. Bituminous Plant Mix (Stockpile Maintenance Mixtures)
d. Bituminous Penetration Macadam Pavement

96.

In the preparation of asphalt design mix intended for item


310, the proportion of Bituminous material (asphalt cement)
on the basis of total dry aggregates shall be from
a.
4 to 8%
c.
5 to 7%
b.
3 to 5%
c.
5 to 8%

97.

Item ______ includes general requirements that are


applicable to all types of Bituminous Plant Mix surface
coarses irrespectives of gradation of aggregates of kind
and amount of bituminous material.
a.
306
c.
308
b.
307
d.
310

98.

________ is the resut of asphalt layer instability of


granular base or subgrade weakness. The pavement
usually twist out of shape.
a. Disintegration
c. Distortion
b. Upheaval
d. Bleeding

99.

__________ the localized upward displacement of a


pavement due to swelling of the subgrade or some portion
of the pavement structures.
a. Upheaval
c. Ravelling
b. Edge cracking
d. Depression

100. Item ______ consists of furnishing and placing one or more


coarses of graded aggregates and one or more application
of bituminous material followed by a seal coat with cover
aggregates constructed in a prepared base is
a.
303
c.
305
b.
304
d.
306

101. All asphalt cement submitted in the laboratory for quality


test should always have a corresponding
a. Job Mix Formula
c. Sample Card
b. Test Report
d. Minimum Testing requirement
102. The compressibility of a fine grained soil is
a. High
c.
b. Low

It depends upon the grain size

103. The highest moisture content in the plastic cconsistency


of fine grained soil is the
a. Liquid Limit
c. Shrinkage Limit
b. Plastic Limit
104. Compaction increases the strength of a soil by
a. Expelling air from its voids
b. Forcing soil particles into more intimate contact
c. Both a and b
105. _________ indicates a range of moisture content
over which a soil is plastic
a. Plastic Limit
c. Plasticity Index
b. Shrinkage Limit
106. Water content of an undisturbed soil is called
a. Optimum Moisture Content
c. Natural Water Content
b. Hygroscopic Moisture Content
107. In the performance of Moisture Density Relations Test,
the equipment used is
a. Liquid Limit Device
c. Rammer and Mold
b. Sand Core Apparatus
d. None of the Above
108. Peat and Muck are
a. Fair subgrade soils
b. Stable soils

c. Unstable soils
d. Good subgrade soils

109. To prevent intrusion of soft subgrade material into the


aggregate base or subbase ______ maybe used.
a. Reinforced Earth
c. Gabions
b. Rock Buttress
d. Geo Textile
110. The CBR value is generally selected at _________
penetration
a.
0.10
c.
b.
0.0375
d.

0.05
0.20

111. _______ is one of the method in improving the properties


of a soil to make it suitable for a particular purpose.

a.
b.

Particle rearrangement
Sodding or sprigging

c. Paving
d. None of the preceding

112. A sample of saturated clay has a mass of 102.8 grams.


After oven drying, the same soil weighs 73.4 grams. If the
specific gravity is 2.74, its wet density g/ml is.
a.
1.829
c.
1.827
b.
1.825
d.
1.830
113. The dry density, g/ml is.
a.
1.310
b.
1.306

c.
d.

1.300
1.309

114. For item 311 PCC Pavement, Coarse Aggregates shall have
a mass percent of wear not exceeding ______ when tested
by AASHTO T-96.
a.
50%
c.
35%
b.
40%
d.
60%
115. Plasticity index for aggregate surface coarse is
a. Not greater than 6
c.
b. Not greater than 25
d.

4 to 9
12

116. At least one (1) set of 3 concrete cylinder sample shall


be taken from ______ cubic meter
a.
60
c.
100
b.
75
d.
150
117. Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall
contain not more than ______ percent of material passing
the 0.075mm sieve by washing.
a.
1
c.
3
b.
1.5
d.
4
118. The degree of compaction required for embankment is
at least _____ percent of the maximum density as
determined by AASHTO 99 Method C.
a.
100
c.
95
b.
90
d.
85
119. Requirement of Portland Cement Concrete Pavement
Construction
a. opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was
placed
b. opening to traffic after 28 days the concrete was
placed
c. a comressive strength of 3500 psivor more
d. none of the above

120. Roadway embankment in earth material shall be placed


and compacted in horizontal layers not exceeding
_____ loose measurement, before the next layer
is placed.
a.
150 mm
c.
100 mm
b.
200 mm
d.
250 mm
121. Steel bars for concrete reinforced is tested for its
a. tensile
c. yield
b. cmpressive
c. both a and c
122. To give Bituminous Concrete Surface Course greater
resistance to water _____ hydrated lime should
be added.
a. 2 - 3%
c. 1/2 - 1%
b. 1-1/2 - 2%
d. 4 - 5%
123. In Aggregate Subbase Coarse, the degree of compaction
of each layer shall continue until a field density of at
least _____ percent of the maximum dry density
determined in according with the AASHTO T-180, Method.
a.
100
c.
90
b.
95
124. The maximum percentage wear allowed for Aggregate
Subbase Course in a coarse portion retained on a 2mm
(No. 10) sieve is _______ percent by Los Angeles Abasion
Test determined by AASHTO T-96.
a.
45
c.
40
b.
50
d.
55
125. In manufacture culvert pipes, the Class of concrete
used is
a.
Class "C"
c.
Class "A"
b.
Class "B"
d.
Class "P"
126. For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if Asphalt
Cement is used, the percentage based on the weight
of Aggregate should be
a. 3 - 5 %
c. 6 - 10 %
b. 5 - 8 %
d. 4.5 - 9%
127. Coarse Aggregate for Crushed stone, Aggregate
Surface Course should have a mass percent of not
less than _____ of the particles retained on the
4.75mm (No. 4) sieve and shall have at least
one (1) fractured face.
a.
30%
c.
60%
b.
45%
c.
50%

128. Before placing the asphalt pavement the gravel


base coarse should be
a. seal coated
c. prime coated
b. tack coated
129. Prestressed concrete structures used concrete
of class
a.
A
c.
b.
B
c.
130. In concrete base course of 22,500 cu.m. will require
_____ quality test.
a.
15
c.
b.
72

C
P

40

131. An embankment to be constructed to a height of


500 mm will have a minimum number of _____ layers.
a.
4
c.
3
b.
5
d.
6
132. ______ pipes should be taken as sample to represent
225 reinforced concrete pipes.
a.
4
c.
b.
5
133. Aggregate base coarse with a volume of 83,000
will have a minimum number of ______ tests.
a.
75
c.
b.
56
d.

40
47

134. Soils are natural Aggregates of mineral connected by


strong & permanent cohesive forces.
a.
1
c. none of the above
b.
0
135. The boundary between sand and gravel is _____
sieve.
a. 0.425mm (No. 40)
c. 2.00mm (No. 10)
b. 4.75 mm (No. 4)
d. 0.075 mm (No. 200)
136. A ______ is a soil which exhibits the properties of a clay
but contains an appreciable amount of sand.
a. sandy clay
c. sand clay
b. clayey sand
d. none of the preceding
137. Plasticity test is done on soils passing _______ sieve.
a. 0.425 mm (No. 40)
c. 0.075 mm (No. 200)
b. 2.0 mm (No. 10)

138. ______ is the process whereby soil particles are contained


more closely together through a reduction in the air
voids, generally by mechanical means.
a. Soil compaction
c. In place Unit weight
b. Mechanical Analysis
d. CBR
139. Soils containing more than 35% passing 0.075mm (No.200)
sieve are classified under
a. silt-clay materials
c. it depends on the
b. granular materials
plasticity index
140. _________ is provided for the purpose of cunteracting
moisture movement within the structure either ny
seepage or capillary action.
a. Surface drainage
c. Compaction
b. Chemical admixtures
c. Subsoil drainage
141. A subgrade soil with a CBR value of _____ will require
a thicker layer of subbase and base degree.
a.
5%
c.
30%
b.
15%
c.
3%
142. ________ is one of the methods of stabilizing
inferior soils.
a. Particle arrangement
c. Paving
b. Sodding or sprigging
d. Flattening
143. The physical and engineering properties of soils
may be improved by
a. compaction
c. both a and b
b. stabilization
d. neither a nor b
144. Water content of soils is generally based on the
a. total weight of soil
c. weight of solids
b. total volume of soil
d. none of the preceding
145. The density to which a soil can be compacted is
related to
a. compactive efforts
c. both a and b
b. water content
d. none of the preceding
146. Disturbed samples may be used for
a. sieve test
b. liquid limit

c.
c.

compaction test
any of the preceding

147. A soil with a Group Index of 5 is stronger than


another with a Group Index of 10.
a.
1
c. it depends on the water

b.

Do you want to show your score? y/n


Do you want to show the correct answer? y/n

content
y

tion of soil

Answer
c

tion of soil

oisture content

ce density

grain size

147