13 views

Uploaded by Mohamed Bourza

IRPT Based Control of a 50 kW Grid Interfaced Solar
Photovoltaic Power Generating System with Power
Quality Improvement

- A Harmonic Distortion Control Technique Applied to Six-pulse Bridge Converters
- 1. PQ Synonym to Harmonic
- 6- Fundamentals of Harmonics
- Active Filtering is Superior
- Power Elec Notes 07c Boost Converter Design Example
- Implementation of Soft Switching Boost Converter With a Resonant Circuit
- MQ44843
- Harmonics Tester
- TR Technical Guide 2006 En
- PQM Presentation
- Energy Eficient Industrial Motors.pdf
- 82
- Class Definitions
- Cuộn Kháng Mikro
- Boost Convertor
- 6
- 1-s2.0-S0378779601001663-main
- S_en
- Novel Two Input
- Mi 2420432050

You are on page 1of 8

Quality Improvement

Bhim Singh, Fellow IEEE

D. T. Shahani

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

New Delhi-110016, India

bhimsingh1956@gmail.com

IDD Centre

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

New Delhi-110016, India

dt.shahani@gmail.com

IDD Centre

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

New Delhi-110016, India

arunverma59@gmial

problems are dominant in the grid because of various

nonlinear loads in distributed system. These PQ issues are

poor power factor, voltage regulation and reactive power

compensation at AC mains. The effective control of SPV

generating system has been an important task in these systems

which may be effectively used for mitigation of PQ problems

of AC distribution system caused by nonlinear and unbalanced

loads. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) from SPV

array is also a challenging task and several methods of MPPT

are used [12, 13].

In the proposed SPV generating system, the basic advantage

of using a Y- transformer is used to eliminate the triplen

harmonics and zero sequence currents in the connected

windings of the transformer [14]. It results in the reduced

ratings of the VSC devices. A VSC also helps in the

compensation of reactive power and harmonic reduction of

connected load at PCC (point of common coupling). The

circulating current in the VSC is reduced as the neutral current

is compensated in the secondary windings of the Y-

transformer. In this proposed research work, a two stage SPV

power generating system is used with the features of reactive

power compensation for PFC or zero voltage regulation

(ZVR), load balancing, harmonics current elimination and

neutral current compensation. There are many control

techniques available to control the SPV power generating

system, here an IRPT (Instantaneous Reactive Power Theory)

[15] based control algorithm is used for these functions of

power quality improvements in 3P4W distribution system.

reactive power theory (IRPT) based control of a grid interfaced

solar photovoltaic (SPV) power generation which also mitigates

power quality problems in three-phase four wire (3P4W)

distribution system. This is a double stage SPV power generating

system which accommodates wide varying input voltage. The

proposed grid interfaced SPV generating system consists of a PV

array, a DC-DC boost converter, a three leg VSC (Voltage Source

Converter), an isolated Y- transformer, a grid and connected

linear/nonlinear loads. The DC bus voltage of a three-phase VSC

is regulated using a PI (Proportional Integral) voltage controller.

The SPV energy is injected in to the DC bus of VSC during

sunshine hours. The proposed SPV power generating system

provides the zero voltage regulation (ZVR) or power factor

correction (PFC) along with harmonics elimination, load

balancing and neutral current compensation in 3P4W

distribution system. MATLAB/Simulink based simulation results

are presented to validate the design and control of SPV power

generating system for feeding 3P4W loads with improved power

quality.

Keywords Instantaneous Reactive Power Theory (IRPT),

Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV), Neutral Current Elimination, Zero

Voltage Regulation (ZVR) and Power Factor Correction (PFC).

I.

INTRODUCTION

is green, pollution free and having no threat to environment.

Earlier SPV based electrical power generation has been

limited to stand alone SPV power generation, however, now

grid interfaced SPV generating systems are becoming popular

[1-3]. There are many potential configurations available in the

literature like single stage grid interfaced, two stage grid

interfaced and multi level grid interfaced for SPV power

generating system. The two stage SPV power generating

system has not considered the PQ (Power Quality) problems in

detail with and without availability of sun [4-6]. The grid

interfaced SPV generating systems have used various control

algorithms which have focused on PQ problems limited to

itself like, low harmonic distortion and high power factor and

harmonic compensation and mainly focused on the PQ

II.

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

photovoltaic array is designed to generate 50 kW as a peak

power under standard operating conditions and this peak

power is tracked from PV array using P&O (Perturb and

Observe Method) algorithm. A DC-DC boost converter

implements MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking). The

common DC link voltage is regulated using a DC bus voltage

PI controller of VSC. A VSC with a Y- transformer provides

balancing of consumer loads connected at PCC. The VSC

consists of six IGBTs (Insulated Gate Bipolar Junction

Transistors), interfacing inductors and DC bus capacitor. The

VSC is used for reactive power compensation of 40 kVAR of

a 50 kW, 0.8 lagging power factor load in a 3P4W distribution

system where a 50kW SPV power is injected at PCC which

also reduces the overall losses in the system.

III.

In order to achieve proper compensation, the minimum DC

bus voltage of VSC should be greater than twice the peak of

the phase voltage of the system as [17],

Vdc = (2 2VLL )

(3)

Where VLL is the AC line output voltage of VSC and its value

is 239.6V. The estimated value of the Vdc from Eq. (3) is

obtained as 391.87 V and it is selected as 400 V.Selection of

DC Capacitor Voltage

SYSTEM

Fig.1 shows a DC-DC boost converter used in this system.

The DC-DC boost converter is used to track the MPP and to

boost the input of SPV array which used to feed the active

power at the DC bus of the VSC.

The value of the ripple current for the boost converter is given

as,

three-leg VSC and a Y- transformer. The selection of

components like IGBTs, inductors, DC bus capacitor and

the ripple filter is made according to design requirements.

The design of the system is given as follows.

i1 =

Vdc D(1 D)

(2 Lb f sw )

(4)

design the value of i1 is considered 5% of boost converter

inductor current i1 (= P/Vin) =165.56A. Thus the calculated

value of i1 is 8.25A. fsw is switching frequency and the value

of fswb is considered as 10 kHz. Where Vo, Lb and fS are fixed

value.

The condition of maximum value of the ripple current given

as,

(d i1 )

=0

(dD)

(5)

obtained from (5) is 0.5. The value of inductance (Lb) from

Eq. (4) is obtained as 1.12 mH and the selected value is

1.25mH.

D. Design and Selection of DC Link Capacitor

The value of DC link capacitor is estimated using energy

conservation principle. The design of DC link capacitor (Cd)

of VSC depends on the instantaneous energy available to the

VSC at the time of transients. By using the principle of energy

conservation the value of DC capacitor is given as [17],

System

The PV panel is designed for a 50 kW peak power capacity.

A solar PV module is formed by connecting solar cells in

series. Each cell has an open circuit voltage of 0.5 V to 0.6 V

[16] and short circuit current (Isc) of 4A.

The generalized equation for an active power for SPV array is

given as,

PmaxM = VmppM * ImppM

(1)

Maximum power occurs generally at PmaxM = (85% of Voc * 85

% of Isc ) thus ImppM is 3.3A and VmppM is 0.42V of each cell.

720 cells are connected in series to achieve a maximum

voltage of 302V as Vmpp of SPV for proposed system.

The total calculated maximum power is given as,

(2)

Pmax = Vmpp * Impp = 50 kW

From (2) to achieve a 50kW peak power capacity [16], the

required value of maximum current (Impp) is 165.56 A, to

achieve this current (165.56/3.3) 50 solar cells are connected

in parallel respectively.

1

Cd V 2 dc V 2 dc1 = 3V It s

2

(6)

voltage level of DC bus, is the overloading factor, Vp is the

phase voltage, I is the phase current, and t is the time by which

the DC bus voltage is to be recovered. Considering the

minimum voltage level of the DC bus, Vdc1 = 380 V, with

nominal Vdc = 400V, V = 138.560 V, I = 120.28 A, t = 250 s,

a = 1.2, the calculated value of Cd is 4522.28 F and it is

selected as 5000 F.

E. Selection of VSC Source AC Inductor

The VSC source inductance (Lf ) is given as[17],

Lf

(

=

3mVdc

(12hf s i )

takes care of low DC link voltage too. The grid side is

connected in star thus it can eventually step up the voltage in

case of low DC link.

Total apparent power for a linear load is given as,

S req = P 2 + Q 2 = 50 2 + (50 * 0.6)

= 62.5 kVA (12)

0.8

(7)

is DC bus voltage, m is the modulation index and h is the

overload factor. Considering, i, = 3%, fs = 10 kHz, m = 0.9,

Vdc = 400 V, h = 1.2, the Lf value is calculated to be 2.16 mH.

A round-off value of Lf of 2.5 mH is selected in this

investigation.

reactive power of the consumer loads of 50kW

connected at PCC respectively. By taking the effect of

harmonics and distortion factor it is also selected to

consider the case of nonlinear loads. The required

transformer design needs three single phase transformers

of 25 kVA, 240V/240V, totaling of 75kVA.

A first order filter is tuned at half the switching frequency (fsh

= 10kHz) is used to filter the harmonics from the voltage at

the PCC. At a frequency of 5 kHz by considering a small

impedance of 8 ohms for harmonic voltage, the ripple filter

capacitor is designed as Cf = 10 F. A series resistance (Rf ) of

5 is included in series with the capacitor (Cf). The calculated

value of the impedance circuit is 391 at fundamental

frequency, which is quite large, due to this the ripple filter

extracts very small fundamental current.

IV.

system is based on the IRPT for VSC. There is a separate

control for MPPT using a DC-DC boost converter. The control

strategy is given in following sections.

A three phase voltage source converter is shown Fig.1. The

VSC consists of six switching devices. The IGBTs with anti

parallel diodes are used in VSC for compensating the reactive

power, harmonics of consumer loads. A three - phase VSC for

compensation of 239.6 V, 50 kW at 0.9 p.f. lagging load and

SPV generation is designed here.

A DC-DC boost converter is used to achieve MPPT

employing a P& O algorithm. Due to variable solar radiation,

the varying output voltage of the SPV is fed to the DCDC

boost converter as input voltage. A PV array voltage and

power are used as inputs to the controller which decides the

duty ratio of the boost converter corresponding to peak power

point. The incremental change in D is considered 0.01. This

P&O control algorithm tracks the maximum power Ppv,

maximum current Ipv, and maximum voltage Vpv. The change

in power at tth instant is given as,

dp = pt pt 1

(13)

VA

P0

=

3Vo 3( PF )V0

where VA = (Load Power/PF)

I rms =

GENERATING SYSTEM

(8)

133.6A for a 50 kW load. Since the crest factor (CF) of the

current of the nonlinear load is order 2, the peak load current

(Ip) is given as,

I P = (CF ) I rms

(9)

So the value of peak current from Eq. (9) is estimated as 267

A. By considering a safety factor of 1.2, the standard rating of

the IGBT device is selected 300 A.

For the VSC voltage of 239.6V rms, peak voltage of this three

phase VSC is given as,

V peak = 2 * Vrms

(10)

given as,

dp pt pt 1

=

dv vt vt 1

(14)

resulted in the corresponding control signal and it is

compared with a saw-tooth waveform of 10 kHz and its output

controls the duty cycle of the boost DC-DC converter for

MPPT.

B. IRPT based Control of VSC

338.79V. By considering the safety factor of 1.5, the device

rating is estimated 508.18V. So the IGBTs of 500V and 300A

are selected to form the VSC.

at PCC. However, it supplemented by SPV power generation

through DC link voltage controller of VSC. The DC link PI

voltage controller of VSC takes care an injection of SPV

power generation, during the availability of sun. In order to

generate reference grid currents, the IRPT control algorithm is

employed to control the VSC. In the instantaneous reactive

power theory (IRPT), the estimation of instantaneous active

and reactive powers of the consumer loads is made after

H. Design of a Y- Transformer

VSC, the current rating of the transformer winding is

decided. The calculated primary winding voltage is,

Va=VLL/(3)=415/3=239.60V

(11)

The star-delta transformer provides an isolation, step up of

SPV voltage and compensation of the neutral current and at

(iLa,iLb,ilc) to - reference frame as,

where

Ve(n) and Ve(n-1) are the voltage errors at the nth and (n-1)th

sampling instant, Ql(n) and Ql(n-1) are the are the output of

the AC PI voltage controller at the nth and (n-1)th sampling

instant,

The reference reactive power at the grid is given as,

( ) ( 1 2 ) v

1 1

2

=

2

3

v

0

3

La

v

Lb

vLc

3

(15)

Q* g = Ql Qdc

La

i

Lb

i

3 Lc

2

(16)

estimate instantaneous active and reactive powers of the loads.

The active power taken by the loads is given as,

pw = ( v iL + v iL ) = Pdc + Pac

(v

2

La

2

2

+ vLb

+ vLc

)

12

P* g = Pl ( n ) Pdc

i*s

1

* = 2

2

i s v + v

v

v

v

v

*

P g

*

Q g

(24)

transformed in to a,b,c reference frame by inverse Clark

transform in order to produce reference grid currents as,

0

1

i *sa

i*

*

2 1

3

2

* s

i

(25)

=

2

sb

3

i s

i *

3 2

1

sc

( )

( )

( ) (

The quadrature or reactive power components of grid

currents must be zero for power factor correction (PFC)

to unity at PCC. Power factor correction can be achieved

by putting the value of reactive power component (Q*g)

zero in Eq. (24). Similarly the reference grid currents are

generated by using Eq. (25).

reference voltage and this estimated voltage is fed to PI

controller which in turn regulates the PCC voltage.

The output of the PI controller is reactive power component

and it is estimated as,

(23)

from Eq. (21) and (23) are utilized to obtain reference grid

currents in , frame are given as,

(19)

(22)

reference DC bus voltage of VSC kpq and kpi are proportional

and integral gain of the DC voltage PI controller, Vde(n) and

Vde(n-1) are the voltage errors at the nth and (n-1)th sampling

instant, Pl(n) and Pl(n-1) are the are the output of the PI DC

bus voltage voltage controller at the nth and (n-1)th sampling

instant,

The reference active power P*g of the grid is given as,

(17)

component as well as AC component (Qac) after passing

through LPF this instantaneous reactive power, it is Qdc.

1) Voltage Regulation and Load Balancing

The quadrature or reactive power components of grid currents

takes care of the voltage drop in the grid (source) impedance

by injecting a small reactive power current in to the grid

through VSC. It may be lagging in nature if the loads are of

leading power factor. For this purpose, a voltage PI controller

is used to regulate PCC voltage. The output PI voltage

controller is reactive power component supplied by VSC for

voltage control. These quadrature or reactive power

components are estimated through following basic equations.

For PCC voltage regulation, an error voltage of the amplitude

of AC terminal voltage at the point of common coupling

(PCC) is regulated by a PI AC voltage regulator. The

amplitude of voltage at PCC is given as,

12

component ( Pdc ) and an oscillating component (Pac) which is

due to harmonics component, to be fed by VSC. This

instantaneous power Pw is passed through a low pass filter

(LPF) to extract its DC component the output from LPF is Pdc

which is fundamental active power of the loads used in

estimation of reference AC mains currents.

Similarly instantaneous reactive power of the loads is

estimated as,

Qw = v i v i = Qdc + Qac

(18)

Vm = ( 2 3)

(21)

active power of consumer loads and output of DC link voltage

controller have to be estimated. The DC link PI voltage

controller of VSC takes care an injection of SPV power

generation, during the availability of sun. Following are the

basic equations for estimating active power components at nth

instant is given as,

( ) ( 1 2 ) i

1 1

2

iL

i = 2 3

L

3

0

3) PWM Generator

These reference grid currents (i*sa, i*sb and i*sc) are compared

with the sensed grid currents (isa, isb and isc) in the PI current

controller for generating gating signals for VSC of SPV power

generating system.

(20)

V.

diode rectifier with resistance load with capacitance filter.

Performance of the proposed SPV system is simulated and

waveforms of the grid voltage voltages (Vs), DC bus voltage

(Vdc), AC grid currents, (is), load currents, (IL) the active

power from /to grid (P), the reactive power (Q), solar PV

current (IPV), solar PV voltage (Vpv), solar PV power (Ppv),

VSC current (ic ), and terminal voltage at PCC (Vt) are

illustrated in Figs.3-5. The AC mains neutral current (isn),

transformer neutral current (Itn) and load neutral current (iln)

are also depicted in Fig.3-5 under load variations. Following

inferences are observed from these simulation results.

A. Performance of SPV Power Generating System at

Unbalanced Linear Load for UPF and Load Balancing

Performance of the proposed SPV power generating system

under linear unbalanced loads at lagging PF in a three-phase

four-wire distribution system is illustrated in Fig.2.Load

system. The simulation parameters are set as following light

intensity of SPV array is 1000W/m2 and this solar intensity is

also reduced to zero. Temperature is 250C. The SPV array

with DC-DC boost converter is used to track MPP, its control

through

P&O

algorithm

is

implemented

using

Matlab/Simulink. The Y- transformer which is utilized to

compensate neutral current which is also modeled using

Matlab/Simulink. The algorithm used for controlling the VSC

is realised in Simulink. The reference grid currents are derived

from the sensed load voltages (vLa, vLb, vLc ), load currents (iLa,

iLb, iLc), and the DC bus voltage of VSC (Vdc). A current

controller based on pulse width modulation is used for

comparing reference grid currents (i*sa,i*sb,i*sc), and sensed

grid currents (isa,isb,isc) to generate the switching pulses for the

IGBTs of the VSC.

Fig.2 Performance of Proposed SPV System at unbalanced Linear Loads for Unity Power Factor and Load Balancing

VI.

and continues up to 0.45s. During load unbalancing, the grid

currents are sinusoidal and almost balanced. During sun shine

hours the active power is supplied from solar PV array. The

grid voltage and grid currents are in phase. The AC grid neutral

current (isn), transformer neutral current (Itn) load neutral

current (iln) are also depicted under load variations. The solar

PV generation is reduced to zero at 0.5s and afterwards

demonstrated in this section. The grid interfaced 50 kW solar

PV power generating system using IRPT control algorithm is

validated under different linear/nonlinear, balanced and

unbalanced consumer loads in a 3P4W distribution system.

Fig.3 Performance of Proposed SPV System at unbalanced Linear Loads for Unity Power Factor and Load Balancing

neutral current appears to be zero.

B.

Unbalanced Nonlinear Load for UPF

and Load

Balancing

Fig. 4 Performance of Proposed SPV System at Unbalanced Linear Load for Load Balancing and Voltage Regulation

Fig.5 Performances of Proposed SPV System at unbalanced Nonlinear Loads for Load Balancing and Voltage Regulation

under unbalancing of the loads.

nonlinear loads for unity power factor at AC mains. Here it is

seen that the load is drawing non-sinusoidal and unbalanced

currents but AC grid currents are balanced and sinusoidal due

to compensation provided by the VSC. Unbalancing in the

nonlinear loads occurs at 0.25 s and continued till 0.5s. The

solar intensity becomes zero and now the load is fed through

AC grid. The zero sequence fundamental current of the load

neutral current resulted in the unbalanced load currents is

circulated in the Y- transformer and hence the grid neutral

current is maintained at nearly zero.

D.

Unbalanced Nonlinear Load for Load Balancing and

ZVR

Fig. 5 shows the performance of the SPV system for voltage

regulation mode at nonlinear loads. PCC voltage is regulated

to rated value in spite the change in loads. The zero sequence

fundamental current of the load neutral current resulted in the

unbalanced load currents is circulated in secondary of the Y-

transformer hence the neutral current compensation is

achieved.

E. Power Quality Improvement

This IRPT controlled SPV power generating system improves

power quality of the 3P4W distribution system. The grid

currents are injected in to /or coming out from grid is in phase

of grid voltage maintaining unity power factor. The total

harmonics distortion in the load current, AC grid current and

load voltage are given in Figs. 6a-c. The FFT analysis of the

simulated results shows that The THD of the AC grid current

is 1.49 % and PCC voltage THD is 0.24 % [18]. The total

harmonics distortion of PCC voltage and AC grid current are

well within the limit of IEEE 519 standard under nonlinear

C.

Unbalanced Linear Load for Load Balancing and ZVR

In Fig. 4, it has been observed load currents are compensated

and the grid currents are balanced and almost sinusoidal. The

unbalancing in loads is realized by removing loads from two

phases at 0.3s and further continues up to 0.45s. The grid

currents are almost balanced in-spite of zero load current in

two of the phases. When there is no sun light, reactive power of

the load is supplied by VSC. The AC mains neutral current

(isn), transformer neutral current (Itn) and load neutral current in

the load (iln) are also shown under varying loads. Due to proper

compensation, the grid neutral current is close to zero. The DC

[1]

voltage at PCC is regulated to its reference value in order to

maintain zero voltage regulation with reactive power

compensation. The Y- transformer is used along with VSC to

provide isolation, neutral current compensation and to step up

voltage to the grid.

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9]

Fig.6c Wave form and Harmonic spectrum of load current

VII.

[10]

CONCLUSION

capable to inject active power in to the grid and able to

compensate for load reactive power and load current

harmonics. The performance of the SPV grid interfaced system

has been validated for load reactive power compensation for

unity power factor operation and zero voltage regulation along

with harmonics elimination, load balancing and neutral current

elimination. The IRPT control algorithm for grid interfaced

SPV power generating has been used first time successfully.

Both modes of operation of ZVR and UPF of the proposed

system have been achieved and performance of the system has

been found satisfactory.

VIII.

[11]

[12]

[13]

[14]

[15]

APPENDICES

Voltage/temperature coefficient (Kv) = -80e-3 V/K,

Current/temperature coefficient (Ki) = .003 A/K,

B. Parameters for VSC

DC bus voltage of VSC: 400 V, DC bus capacitance of VSC:

5000 F, AC inductor: 2.5 mH, DC voltage PI controller: Kpd

= 1.2, Kid = 0.9, PCC voltage PI controller: Kpq = 0.15, Kiq =

0.11, PWM switching frequency: 10 kHz, Ripple filter: Rf = 5

, Cf = 10 F. AC line voltage: 415 V, 50 Hz, Line

impedance: Rs = 0.002 , Ls = 1.6 mH,

[16]

[17]

[18]

REFERENCES

Atmosphere, Environment, Climate Change and Renewable Energy,

Springer-Verlag London Limited, 2008.

Remus Teodorescu, Marco Liserre and Pedro Rodrguez, Grid

Converters for photovoltaic and wind power system, John Wiley &

Sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, United

Kingdom. 2011.

B. Verhoeven and B.V. Kema, Utility aspects of grid connected

photovoltaic power systems, International Energy Agency Photovoltaic

Power Systems, IEA PVPS T5-01, 1998. [Online]. Available: www.ieapvps.org.

P.G Barbosa, L.G.B. Rolim, E.H. Watanabe and R. Hantitsch, Control

strategy for grid connected DC-AC converter with load power factor

correction, IEE Proc. Genr. Transm.Distrib, Vol.145, no.5, pp. 487491, Sept.1998.

Jing Li, Fang Zhuo, Xianwei Wang, Lin Wang and Song Ni, A gridconnected PV system with power quality improvement based on boost +

dual-level four-leg inverter, in Proc. IEEE 6th International on

Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, 2009. IPEMC '09.

vol., no., pp.436-440, 17-20 May 2009.

S. Balathandayuthapani, C. S. Edrington, S. D. Henry and J. Cao,

Analysis and Control of a Photovoltaic System: Application to a HighPenetration Case Study, IEEE Systems Journal, vol.6, no.2, June 2012.

R.I. Bojoi, L.R. Limongi, D. Roiu and A. Tenconi, Enhanced Power

Quality Control Strategy for Single-Phase Inverters in Distributed

Generation Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol.26,

no.3, pp.798-806, March 2011.

Bo Yang, Wuhua Li, Yi Zhao and Xiangning He, Design and Analysis

of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power System, IEEE Transactions

on Power Electronics, vol.25, no.4, pp.992-1000, April 2010.

Rong-Jong Wai and Wen-Hung Wang, Grid-Connected Photovoltaic

Generation System," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I:

Regular Papers, vol.55, no.3, pp.953-964, April 2008in Electric Power

Systems, IEEE Standard 519, 1992.

Yu-Kang Lo, Ting-Peng Lee, and Kuan-Hung Wu, Grid-Connected

Photovoltaic System With Power Factor Correction, IEEE Transactions

on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 55, no. 5, pp.2224-2227, May, 2008.

R.A. Mastromauro, M. Liserre, T. Kerekes and A. Dell'Aquila, A

Single-Phase Voltage-Controlled Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System

With Power Quality Conditioner Functionality, IEEE Transactions

on Industrial Electronics, vol.56, no.11, pp.4436-4444, Nov. 2009.

N. Femia, G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo and M. Vitelli, A Technique for

Improving P&O MPPT Performances of Double-Stage Grid-Connected

Photovoltaic Systems, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,

vol.56, no.11, pp.4473-4482, Nov. 2009.

T. Esram and P.L Chapman, Compression of photovoltaic array

maximum power point tracking technique, IEEE Trans. on Energy

Con., vol.22, no.4, pp. 439-449, June,2007.

B. Singh, P. Jayaprakash, and D.P. Kothari, Three-phase four-wire

dstatcom with H-bridge VSC and star/delta transformer for power

quality improvement, in Proc. of IEEE INDICON 2008, Vol. 2, Dec.

2008, pp.412 - 417.

H. Akagi, E.H. Watanable and M. Aredes, Instantaneous power theory

and application to power conditioning, Jhon Wiley & sons, New

Jersey, USA, 2007.

Y. T. Tan, D. S. Kirschen, and N. Jenkins, A model of PV generation

suitable for stability analysis, IEEE Trans. Energy Con., vol. 19, no. 4,

pp. 748755, Dec. 2004.

B. N. Singh, P. Rastgoufard, B. Singh, A. Chandra, and K. A. Haddad,

Design, simulation and implementation of three pole/four pole

topologies for active filters, Inst. Electr. Eng. Proc. Electr. Power

Appl., Jul. 2004, vol. 151, no. 4, pp. 467476.

IEEE Std. 519, IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for

Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems, available on

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org.

- A Harmonic Distortion Control Technique Applied to Six-pulse Bridge ConvertersUploaded byJAY PARIKH
- 1. PQ Synonym to HarmonicUploaded byArifAmzar
- 6- Fundamentals of HarmonicsUploaded bySari M.I
- Active Filtering is SuperiorUploaded byShantha Kumar
- Power Elec Notes 07c Boost Converter Design ExampleUploaded byiamalways05
- Implementation of Soft Switching Boost Converter With a Resonant CircuitUploaded byijteee
- MQ44843Uploaded bykotwal
- Harmonics TesterUploaded byamit
- TR Technical Guide 2006 EnUploaded byHusnain Associates
- PQM PresentationUploaded bypvragiri
- Energy Eficient Industrial Motors.pdfUploaded byRodulfo Culebro
- 82Uploaded byvinay kumar
- Class DefinitionsUploaded bytutywaode
- Cuộn Kháng MikroUploaded bythienvuong90
- Boost ConvertorUploaded byFaizan Malik
- 6Uploaded byBhanu Chaitanya
- 1-s2.0-S0378779601001663-mainUploaded byPrashant Sunagar
- S_enUploaded byAndres Alva Justo
- Novel Two InputUploaded byjagda
- Mi 2420432050Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- A Unity Power Factor Converter Using HalfUploaded byLivia Faria Peres
- Epq Notes Module 2Uploaded byJustin Collins
- intro1 to some thing..Uploaded bymithunprayag
- 2016-17 Power Electronics Project TitlesUploaded byIgeeks Technologies,Bangalore
- PUD-No-1-of-Grays-Harbor-Cnty-ResidentialUploaded byGenability
- PE Lab2_Investigation of Some Non-Linear Loads in Ac NetworksUploaded byvictor_dutta87
- Power ConditioningUploaded bysunil80
- 009-062Uploaded byankit407
- UntitledUploaded byGenability
- ANo107_PFCInThePlasticsIndustryUploaded byRicardo Lopez

- schema-unifilaire-photovoltaique-9kwc(1).pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- AGBT + TPS IRM Model (1)Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Conduites ElectriqueUploaded bybtissam
- 232Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Fonroche Smartlight BrochureY16Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- cahier_des_clauses_cablage-96raspail-1.1.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- B05 - 17.1 PLAN TOPOGRAPHIQUE - RESEAUX EXISTANTS.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Plan HTAUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- 08- Eclairage Des Aires de Trafic de l Aeroport de Marseille Cle7ace53Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- B05 - 17.3 PLAN DES TERRASSEMENTS.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Nozick_cahier2Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Extracted Pages From UTE C 15-105Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- CPS AMMELNE 18-08-2017Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Rexel Complement Tarif Fils Et CablesUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- tekst batterijsysteem FR.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- 3 TechniquesUploaded byBALLOUK Soufiane
- rapport de stageUploaded byAyoub Tayachi
- ROLYCAB_FLEXIBAR_BATTERY_CABLE_1_page_copycompressed.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- attachment_cb7bf070976ca9ab7b118ea3e15f4baf.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- MB3-DCE-NOMENCLATURE.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- FabricationCimentUploaded byzule
- CCTP_eclairage_public.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Vba MinimalUploaded byIslem Cherif
- Maroc Résumé EIES ElectricitéUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Cours Audit Ee Ensem 2010Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Exercices corrigés - Interets composésUploaded byBrahim Tebbaâ
- Rec Ing 2015Uploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Guide promoteur électricité calcul participation.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Td 2011 EnsemUploaded byMohamed Bourza
- Videosurveillance_CCTP.pdfUploaded byMohamed Bourza

- Dc and Ac Optimization Using PsoUploaded bydawood ali Mirza
- SABP-A-066.pdfUploaded byWalid Megahed
- A Solid-State Transformer for Interconnection Between the Medium- And the Low-Voltage Grid Aniel_Shri_-_MSc_ThesisUploaded bycristian1961
- KSERC Tariff determination_commnets.pptxUploaded bycpgeorge
- UNIT 5Uploaded byvigneshcj
- KWU Steam Turbine Gov. & Protection SystemUploaded bymvpngp
- Information about PVUploaded bypasist
- NERC+(Independent+Electricity+Distribution+Network)+Regulations,+2012Uploaded byAnthony Tiriba
- 12.RE-Invest 2015 Conference AgendaUploaded byamitsh20072458
- MANUEL PINHO | NY-TimesUploaded byManuel Pinho
- Multiphysics Simulation October 2018 - National Grid Models Underground Cable Routes_jennifer hUploaded bysajuaanalsa
- Combined Catalogue X40Uploaded byani4747
- pime_proc_1954_168_015_02Uploaded byashishroshan
- 4.Full Documentation.pdfUploaded byvarun
- 10aug 2015 VJTIUploaded byAyush Saxena
- Rigs to High-Line Electricity Feb 22 Final2Uploaded byKhaled Shehab
- profileUploaded bynvchinai
- Dcs vs ScadaUploaded bySAYED QAISAR SHAH
- Lorentz Psk2Uploaded bySINES France
- MVDC - The New Technology for Distribution NetworksUploaded byClaudio Antonio Paredes Carrasco
- 20120215_Model Validation Test TR4 German Method with DIgSILENT GridCode.pdfUploaded bybubo28
- A Reliability Perspective of the Smart GridUploaded bytyaskartika
- P E MgmtUploaded byMurugan
- KEMA ReportUploaded byShahar
- » Geothermal Power Pike ResearchUploaded bysudhir_921995600
- BlackoutUploaded bymohsinaman
- A SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION SYSTEM USING MPPT WITH GRID SYNCHRONIZATION FOR DISTRIBUTED POWER PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTIONUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- 08353027Uploaded byAmit saha
- dong2012.pdfUploaded byIbrahim Munir
- CEP Expanded Smart Meter Opt-Out Proposal for CPUC 8.18.11Uploaded byCenter for Electrosmog Prevention