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DS 101 Version R082 Sample Exam Questions

Simple Linear Regression Questions


1. In regression analysis, the model in the form
a. regression equation
b. correlation equation
c. estimated regression equation
d. regression model

is called

2. The mathematical equation relating the independent variable to the expected value of the dependent variable; that is, E(y) = 0 +
1x, is known as
a. regression equation
b. correlation equation
c. estimated regression equation
d. regression model
3. The model developed from sample data that has the form of
a. regression equation
b. correlation equation
c. estimated regression equation
d. regression model

is known as

4. In regression analysis, the unbiased estimate of the variance is


a. coefficient of correlation
b. coefficient of determination
c. mean square error
d. slope of the regression equation
5. The interval estimate of the mean value of y for a given value of x is
a. prediction interval estimate
b. confidence interval estimate
c. average regression
d. x versus y correlation interval
6. The standard error is the
a. t-statistic squared
b. square root of SSE
c. square root of SST
d. square root of MSE
7. If MSE is known, you can compute the
a. r square
b. coefficient of determination
c. standard error
d. all of these alternatives are correct
8. In regression analysis, which of the following is not a required assumption about the error term ?
a. The expected value of the error term is one.
b. The variance of the error term is the same for all values of X.
c. The values of the error term are independent.
d. The error term is normally distributed.

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9. Larger values of r2 imply that the observations are more closely grouped about the
a. average value of the independent variables
b. average value of the dependent variable
c. least squares line
d. origin
10. In a regression and correlation analysis if r2 = 1, then
a. SSE must also be equal to one
b. SSE must be equal to zero
c. SSE can be any positive value
d. SSE must be negative
11. In a regression and correlation analysis if r2 = 1, then
a. SSE = SST
b. SSE = 1
c. SSR = SSE
d. SSR = SST
12. The coefficient of correlation
a. is the square of the coefficient of determination
b. is the square root of the coefficient of determination
c. is the same as r-square
d. can never be negative
13. In regression analysis, if the independent variable is measured in pounds, the dependent variable
a. must also be in pounds
b. must be in some unit of weight
c. cannot be in pounds
d. can be any units
14. A regression analysis between sales (in $1000) and price (in dollars) resulted in the following equation
= 50,000 - 8X
The above equation implies that an
a. increase of $1 in price is associated with a decrease of $8 in sales
b. increase of $8 in price is associated with an increase of $8,000 in sales
c. increase of $1 in price is associated with a decrease of $42,000 in sales
d. increase of $1 in price is associated with a decrease of $8000 in sales
15. Regression analysis was applied between sales (in $1000) and advertising (in $100) and the following regression function was
obtained.
= 500 + 4 X
Based on the above estimated regression line if advertising is $10,000, then the point estimate for sales (in dollars) is
a. $900
b. $900,000
c. $40,500
d. $505,000

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Multiple Regression Questions
1. The mathematical equation relating the expected value of the dependent variable to the value of the independent variables, which
has the form of E(y) =
is
a. a simple linear regression model
b. a multiple nonlinear regression model
c. an estimated multiple regression equation
d. a multiple regression equation
2. The estimate of the multiple regression equation based on the sample data, which has the form of E(y) =
a.
b.
c.
d.

a simple linear regression model


a multiple nonlinear regression model
an estimated multiple regression equation
a multiple regression equation

3. The mathematical equation that explains how the dependent variable y is related to several independent variables x 1, x2, ..., xp and
the error term is
a. a simple nonlinear regression model
b. a multiple regression model
c. an estimated multiple regression equation
d. a multiple regression equation
4. A measure of the effect of an unusual x value on the regression results is called
a. Cooks D
b. Leverage
c. odd ratio
d. unusual regression
5. In a multiple regression model, the error term is assumed to be a random variable with a mean of
a. zero
b. -1
c. 1
d. any value
6. A regression model in which more than one independent variable is used to predict the dependent variable is called
a. a simple linear regression model
b. a multiple regression model
c. an independent model
d. None of these alternatives is correct.
7. A multiple regression model has the form

As x1 increases by 1 unit (holding x2 constant), y is expected to


a. increase by 9 units
b. decrease by 9 units
c. increase by 2 units
d. decrease by 2 units
8. A multiple regression model has the form

As X increases by 1 unit (holding W constant), Y is expected to


a. increase by 11 units
b. decrease by 11 units
c. increase by 6 units

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d.

decrease by 6 units

Exhibit 15-2
A regression model between sales (Y in $1,000), unit price (X1 in dollars) and television advertisement (X2 in dollars) resulted in
the following function:

For this model SSR = 3500, SSE = 1500, and the sample size is 18.
9. Refer to Exhibit 15-2. The coefficient of the unit price indicates that if the unit price is
a. increased by $1 (holding advertising constant), sales are expected to increase by $3
b. decreased by $1 (holding advertising constant), sales are expected to decrease by $3
c. increased by $1 (holding advertising constant), sales are expected to increase by $4,000
d. increased by $1 (holding advertising constant), sales are expected to decrease by $3,000
10. Refer to Exhibit 15-2. The coefficient of X2 indicates that if television advertising is increased by $1 (holding the unit price
constant), sales are expected to
a. increase by $5
b. increase by $12,000
c. increase by $5,000
d. decrease by $2,000
Exhibit 15-4
a.
b.
c.
d.
11. Which equation describes the multiple regression model?
a. Equation A
b. Equation B
c. Equation C
d. Equation D
12. Which equation gives the estimated regression line?
a. Equation A
b. Equation B
c. Equation C
d. Equation D
13. Which equation describes the multiple regression equation?
a. Equation A
b. Equation B
c. Equation C
d. Equation D
Exhibit 15-5
Below you are given a partial Minitab output based on a sample of 25 observations.
Constant
X1
X2
X3

Coefficient
145.321
25.625
-5.720
0.823

14. Refer to Exhibit 15-5. The estimated regression equation is


a.

Standard Error
48.682
9.150
3.575
0.183

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b.
c.
d.
15. Refer to Exhibit 15-5. The interpretation of the coefficient on X1 is that
a. a one unit change in X1 will lead to a 25.625 unit change in Y
b. a one unit change in X1 will lead to a 25.625 unit increase in Y when all other variables are held
constant
c. a one unit change in X1 will lead to a 25.625 unit increase in X2 when all other variables are held
constant
d. It is impossible to interpret the coefficient.